Sunan Ibn Majah volume-5

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Sunan Ibn Majah (5 Vol. Set)

Imam Muhammad Bib Yazeed ibn Majah Al-Qazwini
Language: Arabic-English | Format: PDF | Pages: 2678 | Size: 92 MB

Sunan Ibn Majah is one of the six most authentic collections of the Ahadith and contains 4,341 total Ahadith. Like the other translations of the six books of hadith, Dar-us-Salam Publications, has taken great care in correct translation, simple and clear modern English language, and high quality publishing.

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Sunan Ibn Majah volume-5

  1. 1. English Translation ofSunan Ibn M Volume 5 Compiled by: Imam Muhammad Bin Yazeed Ibn Majah Al-Qazwini Ahidith edited and referenced by: Hafiz Abu Tghir Zubair Ali Zai Translated by: Nasiruddin al-Khattab (Canada) Edited by: Huda Khattab (Canada) Final review by: Abu Khaliyl (USA) DARUSSALAM - GLOBAL LEADER IN ISLAMIC BOOKS Riyadh Jeddah-N-Khobar .Shagah Lahore. London. Houston. New York
  2. 2. In the Name of Allih, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful Kalamullah.ComfO Maktaba Dar-us-Salarn, 2007 Llbmry Catalog m Publlcatlon DataKvng Fahd Nat~onailmam hafiz abu abdullah Sunan ibn malah, Imam haflz abu 5v 562 p, 14x21 cm ISBN:9960-9881-3-9 9960-9930-9-4 (Vo1.5) (set) l-Al-had~th-commentaries 2- Al-hadith 3-Title 237.7dc I42811078 Legal Deposit no.1428/1078 ISBW 9960-9881-3-9(set) 9960-9930-9-40 . ) 0 15 1
  3. 3. Contents Chapters O n EtiquetteChapter 1. Honoring Ones Parents....................................................... 11Chapter 2. Uphold Ties With Those With Whom Your Father Used To Uphold Ties ....................................................................... 14Chapter 3. Honoring Ones Father And Being Kind To Daughters ............... 15Chapter 4. The Neighbors R i 18Chapter 5. The Guests Right 20Chapter 6. The Orphans Righ 21Chapter 7. Removing A H a d Thing From The Road ............................ 23Chapter 8. The Virtue O Giving Water I Charity ................................... f n 24Chapter 9. GentlenessChapter 10. BeneficentChapter 1 . 1 SpreadingChapter 12. Returning (The Greeting Of) PeaceChapter 13. Returning (The Greeting OQ Peace ..............Chapter 14. Greeting Children And WomenChapter 15. ShakingChapter 16. A M n Kissing Another M n s Han a aChapter 17. Seeking Permission To EnterChapter 18. If A Man Is Asked, How Are You This Morning?...................... 36 Then Honor HiChapter 21. A Man Honoring His CompChapter 23. ExcusesChapter 25. Plucking Out White HairChapter 26. Sitting Between The ShaChapter 28. Leaming About The StChapter 29. Prohibition Of CuningChapter 30. Names That Are LikedChapter 31. Names That Are Dis
  4. 4. Contents 6 ir&lChapter 32. Changing Name 48Chapter 33. Combining The Name And The Kunyah O f The Prophet @ ......... 49Chapter 34. A Man Being Given A Kunyah Before He Has A Child ............... 50Chapter 35. NicknamesChapter 36. Praise...................................... . ....................................... 52Chapter 37. One Who Is Consulted Is EntrusteChapter 38. Entering BathhousesChapter 39. Applying Hair Removing Chemi ....................................... 59Chapter 44. Playing With PigeonsChapter 45. It Is Undesirable To Be AloneChapter 47. Prohibition Of Camping In The Road.. ... ... ...... ...... ............ .... . 64Chapter 48. Three People R i m On One Animal. ....... ...... ... ... ..... ..... ...... .. 65Chapter 49. Putting Dust On Writings ..................................................... 65Chapter 50. Two Should Not Converse To The Exclusion O f A Third .... ...... .. 66Chapter 51. A P a o n Who Has Arrows With Him Should Carry Them By Their Heads 67Chapter 52. The Rewards Associated With The Qurh ............................... 67Chapter 53. The Virme Of Remembrance (Dhih) ....................................... 74 76 76 .................................... 81Chapter 56. The Virtue Of Glorifying All& .............................................. 84Chapter 57. Seeking Forgiveness............................................................. 88Chapter 58. The Virtue Of Good Deed 91Chapter 59. What Was N m Except With All 93 34. The Chapters On SupplicationChapter i. The Virtue Of Supplication................................................ 95Chapter 2. The Supplication O f The Messenger of All&h#$........................ 96Chapter 3. What The Messenger O f All?& @ Sought Refuge From .............. 102Chapter 4. Comprehensive Supplications ..... ............ ...... ... ... ..... ..... ... ...... 106Chapter 5. Supplicating For Forgiveness And To Be Kept Safe And Sound.... 108
  5. 5. Contents 7 u l &Chapter 6. When One Of You Supplicates, Let Him Start With (Asking For)Chapter 13. Raising The Hands When Supplicating............ ....... ...... ...... . 121 122Chapter 15. What One .............................. 127Chapter 16. What One Should Say When W a h g Up In The Morning........... 131Chapter 17. The Supplication For Times Of Distress ................................... 134Chapter 18. The Supplication That A Man Should Recite When He Leaves His H o w ..... ...... ..... ..... ......... ....... ...... .... ... .. . ... 135Chapter 19. The Supplication That A Man Should Recite When He Enters His House ............................................................................. 137Chapter 20. The Supplication That A Man Should Recite When Travelling ..... 137Chapter 21. The Supplication That A Man Should Recite When He Sees Clouds And Rain 138Chapter 22. The Supplication That A Man Should Recite When He Looks At People Affected By Calamity 140 35. The Chapters On The Interpretation Of DreamsChapter 1. A Good Dream That Is Seen By The Muslim, Or Is Seen AboutChapter 2.Chapter 3. Dreams A x Of ypes .................................................. 146Chapter 4. One Who Has A Dream That He Dislikes ......... ....... ...... ......... . 147Chapter 5. One Whom Satan Plays With In His Dream Should Not Tell People About it.................................................................. 148Chapter 6. If A Dream Is Interpreted, It Comes To Pass (InThat Manner), He S one About It Except One Whom He Love 150Chapter 7. How Should Dreams Be Interpreted........................................ 150Chapter 8. One Who Tells Of A False Dream ......... ........... ..... ...... .......... 151Chapter 9. The People Who See The Truest h a m s Are Those Who Are Truest In Speech 151
  6. 6. Contents 8 &&IChapter 10. Interpretation Of Dreams ...................................................... 152 36. The Chapters On TribulationsChapter 1. Refraining From Harming One Who Says: La^ J78ha Illall& ........... 162Chapter 2. The Sanctity O f The Believefs Blood And Wealth ..................... 166Chapter 3. The Prohibition Of Plunder 168Chapter 4. Verbally Abusin ........................ 170 One Anothers 171Chapter 6. The Muslims Are Under The Protection Of All21 ...................... 172Chapter 7. Tribalism 174Chapter 8. The Great Majori 174Chapter 9. Tribulations 175Chapter 10. Standing on ............................. 182Chapter 11. When Two Muslims Confront One Another With Their Swords.. . 188Chapter 12. Restraining Ones Tongue During Times Of Tribulation....... ....... 190Chapter 13. Isolating Onese 195Chapter 14. Abstaining From Matters That Are Not Clear ........................... 199Chapter 15. Islam Began As Something Strang 201Chapter 16. One Who Hopes For Protection From n ...................... 202Chapter 17. The Division Of Nations 203Chapter 18, The Tribulation Of Wealth 205Chapter 19. The Tribulation Of Wome 208Chapter 20. Enjoining What Is Good And Forbidding What Is Evil ............... 212Chapter 21. The Words Of Aim "0You Who Believe! Take Care Of Your Own Selves."Chapter 22. PunishmentChapter 23. Patience AtChapter 25. The Portents Of The HoChapter 27. The Disappearance Of HonestyChapter 28. Signs [Of The Day Of Iudgment)Chapter 29. The Earth CollapsingChapter 30. The Army Of Al-BaydV ....................................................... 250Chapter 31. The Beast O f The EarthChapter 32. The Rising Of The Sun From The West (The Place Of Its Setting) . 253Chapter 33. The Tribulation Of Dujjiil, The Emergence Of Eisa Bin Maryam And The Emergence Of Gog and Magog ................................. 255
  7. 7. Contents Y &#IChapter 34. The Appearance Of The Mahdi .............................................. 275Chapter 35. The Fierce Battles ................................................................ 279Chapter 36. The Turks ....................................................................... 283 37. The Chapters On AsceticismChapter 1. Indifference Towards This WorldChapter 2. Being Concerned With This WorldChapter 3. The Likeness OfChapter 4. One Who Is Not Paid Any HChapter 5. The Virtue Of PovertyChapter 6. The Status Of The PoChapter 7. Keeping Company With The PooChapter 8. The Most WealthyChapter 9. Contentment ....Chapter 10. The Livelihood Of The Family O Muhammad f ..................... 311Chapter 1 . 1 The Beds Of The Family Of Muhammad @ ............................. 314Chapter 12. The Livelihood Of The Companiom Of The Rophet .............. 316Chapter 17. Modesty, ShyneChapter 18. ForbearancChapter 19. Grief And WeepinChapter 22. lnjusticChapter 24. Caution And PieChapter 25. PraisChapter 28. Persisting In A GoChapter 32. The Grave And Disintegration (Of The Body) ........................... 374Chapter 33. The R e s u m t i 379Chapter 34. Desaiption Of .......................... 385
  8. 8. Contents 10 @&IChapter 35. What Is Hoped O The Mercy Of All& On The Day Of f Resurr 391Chapter 36. The Cis 397Chapter 37. Intercessio 401Chapter 38. Desaiption of Hell 410Chapter 39. Demiption Of Para 416Glossaly of Islamic Terms ..... ......... ............. ..... .... . ... .. .... . . . ..... 428
  9. 9. Chapters On Etiquette In the Name of AIL%, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merclfil Chapters On Etiquette +3% &&I$! (YY +I)Chapter 1. Honoring OnesParents > $4131+G ( Gdl) - ( +I)3657. It was narrated that Abu 6 2 : .- +1 d $ ~7 G k - Y ~ O V ; ? , ~Salamah As-Sulhi said that the , ,Prophet @ said: "I enjoin each .. $1 2 2 s 2 41 2 ; 42 2 .one to honor his mother, I enjoin :hi $& $1 2 ."&G$1each one to honor his mother, Ienjoin each one to honor his &3f .& Ic>f &,fn $1., ji :%mother (three times), I enjoin each fone to honor his father, I enjoin , .[%I &t!;>I &f .44 L I$>!each one to honor his guardian 4 G$l ~ Ylc>l &3f .+ IS>! S , ,who is taking care of him, even if ,,he is causing him some .~ ~ $$1 :& & iL.E *2 4 :I*annoyance." (Hosan)c ~ ~ . / f : s ~ +pi + ~ c + + ~ - ~ ~ ! / f : ~ -~+ p ! [ + - l r i :c>. .2 9 a &I+ YoYcYoY/A: 4 1 2 pj G* Z + 2 Lk 3 f I A 7 : 1 . - C . d i l l &IJl3 r o S /t:+LJI hL: G l J j (-.,X)JW 39 2Comments: In Arabic the word Mmla has many meanings such as master, freed slave, friend, relative, cousin (son of paternal Gncle), ally, supporter, etc. S ,here o we chose an expression (guardian) that covers all the above relations. The Arabic word Yaleehi means meeting and approaching; the relation of a master and his slave is very deep and strong which continues in another form even after being freed. Blood relations also cannot be severed. Neighbors, friends, classmats, colleagues, employees and employers, all such persons come into contact with each other constantly. So, they should cooperate with each other and should avoid causing ham.3658. It was narrated that Abu 9 2& s p $ ~f G k - YVAHurairah said: "They said: 0 ; ;& 2 $,$ 6~Messenger of All*, whom shouldI treat kindly? He said: Your $ ; ; 4f 2 ; ;$ & ., df 2 c c ~ I
  10. 10. Chapters On Etiquette 12 +a% +IS!mother. He said: Then who? Hesaid: Your mother." He said: I jc r~,r 3- .I 9 j 2 . ? .- Y J : . I $:~c jThen who? He said: Yourfather. He said: Then who? He r- :jc t&(ll :Jc y $ :jc ssaid: The next closest and the :j c T5 , jc a LID : j6 ,r ~5next closest." (Sahih) a$$k &A I n I:.$Comments:a. Some people believe that by giving some money to their parents they have fulfilled their rights, this is a mistake. I one lives apart from them he has to f be in contact with them by correspondence. Enquiring about their well- being, visiting them, spending some time in their company, consulting them in their own matters, trying to make them happy, and the other actions that please them are also compulsory. The abovementioned matters are the psychological and sentimental requirements of parents, fulfilling them is more important than fulfilling their physical requirement?.b. Ihe stronger the relations, the greater the rights; for example full siblings have more rights than cousins.3659. It was narrated from Abu G k : 5I $ 4 6 Y ? o q -Hurairah that the Messenger of :,~,, ~,AlEh @ said: "No child can 6 A P 4 3 <%f 2 c l s 2 >3compensate his father unless he 5 6 9~ ; .& , $1 ;; 3 j c : jcfinds him a slave, and buys himand sets him free." (Sahih) g * :j-ZY: if :j.Iij <ipJ . A + & Z + ~ ~ W .~: ~ C J I J ; " I ;@ +&.&I.+"pi :~i;;Comments: .Yo! / A : U l 2a. One should spare no effort to serve and support his parents.b. Manumission of slaves is a geat good deed.c. Children of a free man from his slave woman become free while their mother still remains a slave. Parents and their children all could be slaves at the same time, and thereafter the master emancipates a son, while his parents still remain slaves. In such a situation it is possible that a child may purchase his parents, and then they will become free for being in the ownership of their own child.3660. It was narrated horn Abu ~2Hurairah that the Prophet @ said: .- U f ?-&;f G d, k- y,,, :+" Q i n f t r is twelve t h o u s a n duqiyah, each Uqiyuh of which is ; ., iG : ; Lf?e 2 iG ; +JI$I @I
  11. 11. Chapters On Etiquette 13 "a% +I*!better than what is between G~ [ : jG, :,~,,heaven and earth." And the I > I , a>J@Messenger of AlEh . said: "A h 2 & 3 G31 J .z3f % I , 3 . 7man will be raised in status inparadise and will sav: Where did bka :@ $ 1 2;; j6; n>~91jthis come from? And it will besaid: From your sons praying for 3 :J& MI 2 , , , , aL & &?I ,:~f+J> ,- a :J@forgiveness for you." (Hmaia) .nd+Ji2 , ;+ -. +J + AJJI+ r i r / ~ : b*+! I -O > L ~:E,& i + I .YA/Y:,&WI b L ; 49 rdfldIj ~ 7 7 : ~ &Comments:a. Asking forgivenessfor the dead is a good deed and a favor to them.b. Children should always supplicate for the forgiveness of their parents.c. Supplicationsbenefit living people as they benefit the dead.3661. I t w a s narrated f r o m 62 2 ;& @ - Y T T l :I ,2 &Miqdim bin Madikarib that theMessenger All* g said: 3 ~&+~:3fl. d &GI ? ., , s~ ~" A E h enjoins you to treat yourmothers kindly" - three times - "&-& 2 , , rl@l LIZ& 2 &"AUgh enioins vou to treat vour & 31 ~ L D :jt @ $1 j$> 5f ;fathers kindly, hl* enjoins you .+$ ; 5 b$ &$t ,.. + !to treat the closest and the nextclosest l~ndly."(Hasan) "$96 $ 9 ~ & 315~ ;3662. It was narrated from Abu E L : >G? 6k ~ - YTIYUmimah that a man said: " 0 6; ii ;~2 , 6 J -Messenger of All&, what are the <- j Z G .rights of parents over theirchild?" He said: "They are your !+dl @ As + $2 ,, # , , 9 s 3 <&dl ,? ,, iParadise and your Hell." (Daif) !$I ;; 3 6 :JG ?&> dl L L I &I 33663. It was narrated that Abu : Wl 3 hL"*- ~ * - L - Y7YY 2.
  12. 12. Chapters On Etiquette 14 -5% "lgiDardi heard the Prophet & say: g"The father is the middle door of + <f & 2 &J - 2: , &Paradise, middle door of Paradiie(i.e., the best way to Paradise), so @ $1 , , - g $(;;31 &f -, 2 $31it is up to you whether you take &+g .GI+I$!k; f $l$lu : 3 3advantage cf it or not." ; .&&I , +$I 4 !Comments:a. Or not here means if one displeases his parent, the door of Paradise will not be opened for him, and thus he will lose at the door o Paradise. fb. Whether you take advantage means if one pleases his father, the door of Paradise wiu surely be opened for him.c. If a parent orders something which displeases All& then he should not be obeyed. Despite this he should be respected and served.Chapter 2. Uphold Ties With :SF- ( Y 4) 1Those With Whom YourFather Used To Uphold Ties (Y Z k I ) &? ; A3664. It was narrated that Abu ~2- y,,fUsaid. Mglik bin Rabiah. said: $ ~2:- 2 , ,"while we were with the &ophet bGg 2 $71 g 2 >2ii 2 41 , , , ,B, a man from Banu Salamahcame t o him and said: 0 2 2s 4+! g + 4% i ~, YMessenger of All*, is there any 2 @G &f &f 2 %f 2 :i+I can still do for them after thevdie?He said: Yes, offering thefuneral prayer for them, praying !&I J , ,- .JG Y J : 2 L2 s; s, , & 2 2 G?f ;$ @zf h gf %for forgiveness for them, fulfilling 4their promises after their death,honoring their friends a n d +& ;al :jt ~ 4 s .P:Dupholding the ties of kinship +& 2 $?& w ;*YI, , ,which you would not have wereit not for them." (Hasan) F71 c $36 k"e;$ .a&. , , Yb$Y JI i I
  13. 13. Chapters On Etiquette 15 "591 +IS!Comments:a. Loving our own children is a sign of being merciful and affectionate to themb. Heam are in the control o All&. The Prophet & $ used to exhort and f $ present the truth but granting guidance is in the Hands of All&.Chapter 3. Honoring Ones &&Yli - (Y +I)Father And Being Kind To c ,.Daughters (r +@I 2 13665. It was narrated that .- & :. 6~ :fi ; 7 d , i - y,,o f g~ ~ i s h a hsaid: "Some Bedouinpeople came to the Prophet $ g 3 $7 2 ti$ .j + ,-!&3 Z G ~ i ;and said: Do you kiss yourchildren? He said: Yes. He said: & "17gl 2 + @ : ,:&j & a ,E ~ u we, by A&%, never kiss (our t : $I2 ?$I& L a f : I>& . @ $1-,children). The Prophet 9B said:What can I do if All* has taken j6 g !+I; @ .F: , ,away mercy from you?" (Sahih) , Cjj 3 31 $3 i T & :@ -,213666. It was narrated from Yala :fi 4i ? m & ; i ~ k - y T , 7 .- &,A l - h i that he said: "Hasanand Husain came running to the 6L :%. g : k .; L ;Prophet @ and he embraced L .- -,I ;. ~ &*I ~, , - 3 G* + +,man a miser and a coward."(Hasan) , J ;L .gg $I. -Ld ; L d &: l z ~ a , j ,, t&. Z p p j , I? :JG; p. . 1 4-, ,Sv/Y:Lkoeil j 9 4: diks , i v y / t : k - i -+T [I - :c+ .G&+ l b , ~~ff:,c,!&Is If/l":,.SWljComments:a. While spending in the cause o All&, a human being, sometimes, thinks f that if he could save this money it would serve his children. Though controlling such feelings is difficult, but one should try to k e q them in limits to avoid being a miser.b. At the time o Jimthe thoughts o children occupies ones mind. He would f f ihink about them, that if he becomes martyr, what would happen to his
  14. 14. Chapters On Etiquette 16 uak~ 3lgi children? Such feelings make him become coward.c. Love of children should be subject to the rulings of S h a ~ a h .3667. It w a s n a r r a t e d from g 2 :% 4 I d $, ~c-&f G k - y , y v .- ?Surgqah b i n Mslik t h a t t h e + $ ,$ &"$S a ,- ,> gjProphet % said: "Shall I not tell >~yo; of the best charity? A I -, i I C 1 $2 4fdaughter who comes back to youand has no other breadwinner 4G,sf d;f ?<, , $fa : J Capart from you." (Da?j) .ais @x . ; ;., -g ; &jI 9P"rrpy <41 $a ICY +-LZ P v o l i : b T ; - j i I+ .>~;rjl: j r ;+ z9 GYGIy 2 ~ L k i i Y lc b y &ill &IJ3 " , V 7 / i : + b9 +WI 62s GPJJIComments:a. After manying a daughter off, her parents are no longer responsible for her maintenance.b. The father is responsible to spend on his widow or divorced daughter if she is not married again.c. Spending on a daughter and her small children is highly rewardable.d. Similarly, by spending on a sister and niece one receives a great reward.e. Taking care of a poor widow and her orphan children, even if she is not a relative, is a great good deed.3668. I t w a s n a r r a t e d t h a t 6 : l?~&Jc-&fG&y,,* .- 4 3 ,Sasaah, the paternal uncle ofAhnaf, said: "A entered 2 5 2 2Sf . f % 3 2 a ,D $ < _ >u p o n Aishah with her two 7 c- : 3 <@I 2 +lzj .,daughters, and she gave her threedates. r i l e woman) gave each of ,?f,~ GzG n y :< 3 :JC +Vlher daughters a date, then she &fj $ b . , .~ l eb 2 ?>:split the last one between them. , ,$ &fjShe (&shah) said: Then the -prophet $ cake and I told him gabout that. He said: Why are g GI ~ ., j , f :alj G , . :you surprised? She will enter + .. 5 5 .. ~ LA :j6 .%= f ,paradise because of that." (Sahih) .I q l
  15. 15. Chapters On Etiquette 17 +a%! +l&iComments:a. Love of children is natural and commendable.b. The reward for being kind to daughters is Paradise.c. If one cannot give chanty abundantly, he should not hesitate in giving what is possible for him.3669. Uqbah bin Amir said: "Iheard the Messenger of AllSh I 2 s 1 - rv.9say: Whoever h a s three , xF3,J-dl , , ,J. ?.I LI! 6;; : -,, ~ , A>>,-I .daughters and is patient towardsthem, and feeds them, gives themto drink, and clothes them fromhis wealth; they will be a shield + , Ge z 2 1& : &$ 3 ~g ga: j& g < , cf , >: a &+ ~ :, - +:j6 : Jl;: , ~ SIA +I j ; +for him from the Fire on the Dayof Resurrection." (Sahih) <,&, ja 3 Sf3 fl el$ & *: , >I31 2 + 3 3 + g >Ksj .u fz ~ g i lG~I~I+I &I L 2 p3 + L~ +& n $ / f : ~ *y! I i - [ :c+ +ij Y T Y T : ~ ; +&I -i;~ - ~ i + dg c&+$I .-v93 o r :c .~>,+>J&JI++~~ 02V:cConunents:Taking care of sisters and @Is of relatives has the same reward.3670. It was narrated from Ibn fk i :+"I 2 WI KL - Y T V ~Abbis that the Messenger ofA~&~sai&"Thereisnoman & & f >A 3 $;@I $1 .,whose two daughters reach the GD :@ +I j ; j; :JtFf+$1 + l:age of puberty and he treats themkindly for the time that they are GWL ,, 3 $@ ,<together, but they will gain him .&jI ,j1 c $;%I -admittance to Paradise." (Sahih)~..~zli~ .+ _& jT z T : ~ 4krdg LA 2 tjJl-ejl & I +j! k j :JG [ - I zC+- e;;> C ~ I ~I i~ + i r :C A G ~*s jT;iL 4j3 c.+ -ieri >LL : o V / h : & i J i r / Y !r g * TL=-. -i;~ -MEComments: - 2 ~ +-a. For the time that they are together means till their marriage, or till their death before the marriage, he should beat them kindly, take care of them properly and fulfill their appropriate necessities. If he dies before marrying them off and was kind with them till his death, then he will enter Paradise.
  16. 16. Chapters On Etiquette 18 "591 " 9 113671. Anas bin Maik narratedthat the Messenger of AUih @ &al &j1 - v,v, - 2 >GI 6%said: "Be kind to y o u 2 &L ek :?g 2 6k ,and pafect their manners." (DaSfl : +&, ~ 2.f ::k S 0 ,, , $1 ,, dprJ a , 2 t: i& $ 9 jZIIG 2 I I iro; . , & I; ! +;~jf B; I .$ :j 6 g . u+7* l+i,krj:*,rjir> iL/:&Ierji[+.>Ljl :. &2 02~3 $ .I - l5 - al+2 A U I j: AJLdI, *, *~ ~ 4 1Comments: There are other A E d i t h that prove the same meaning, for example the Prophet g$ said: "A father gives his son nothing better than good manners." (Iimi At-Tirmidhi: 1952). The narrator of that Hadith is Amr bin Saeed bin As, @ is a T i W i (a follower of the Companions) and he did who i not state whether he heard it from a Tabii or a Companion.Chapter 4. The Neighbors f 1 I - ( 2 +I)Rights3672. It was narrated from Abu L .- ? & C :% 4f d- , 4f 6 2 - r i v y .. :,.,,Shuraih Al-Khuzgi that theProphet @ said: "Whoeverbelieves in AllHh and the Last $I$ c$? +. e$ o. s p 2 rU ir: d i p r . 3 , , - > 2 ,. , e . ,a ? ,, ,. c~ :Day, let him treat his neighbor ,,well. Whoever believes in All31 $6 53 ; g 2~ @ $1 , . ! ;and the Last Day, let him honorhis guest. Whoever believes in 2 3 .22& fdlj2~&&IAll& and the Last Day, let him .w !@ ~ 3 9 ?$lj $L 2% i g 1say something good or else Jq[@qI "" $L &? 2;remain silent." (Sahih) .a* jf 1%fjjj4 1, iJr d l u&cakyl C+ ++I I[ - :& c sJWI + T + a&. y j >V V . . . &I+r 3 iComments: rjb . I~vT,I~o,I.~:~ / ~ A ~ $~ 1 : ,+ ,; ; $ 1 , Yi +&I .+a. A partner o a business, a nearby shopkeeper in a market, an office friend f or a classmate, a roommate in a hostel, or a student living in the same building, or a co-worker in a factory and the like, are all considered neighbors.
  17. 17. Chapters On Etiquette 19 +5Vl +I&!b. Honoring a guest meam preparing for him a dish other than the usual dish, taking care of his rest and comfort and not showing displeasure on his amval and the like.c. Controlling ones tongue leads to the remembrance of AUfi, recitation of the Qurin and the like, and helps one do more good deeds.3673. It w a s narrated fromAishah that the Messenger ofAll& g said: "Jibrail keptenjoining good treatment ofneighbors u t l I thought that he niwould make neighbors heirs."(Sahih)3674. It was narrated from Abu %C . : 2 % && - y ~ v iHurairah that the Messenger ofAll* said: "Jibrail kept 3 3tLy $f 2 5 6 2 :& ;enjoining good treatment of I 4; 6 : O?.i" ‘$f I* :, 2&neighbors until I thought that he(SQhih) > ,* , ; .ub~%" 3&1 ~ : ~+xi +b, - + g2j t & o / y : & i s *pi ~ L j :E+ l . + l -2 $d iroComments:a. The Prophet $gwould not give any religious mling with his own free will rather he used to follow the rulings of revelation, and order people also to abide by them.b. The principals of inheritance are derived from the teas of the Islamic Sharfah, so they are not subject to the method of Islamic analogy.c. A neighbor should be treated kindly a s much as possible.
  18. 18. Chapters On Etiquette 20 +a21 "lsi Chapter 5. T h e GuesVs Rights &, ,- &- 7 - (0 +I) (0d o 3675. It was narrated from AbuShuraih Al-KhuzSi that the e : &f $ $ $7 6 2 - yTvoProphet g said: "Whoever ,, 2 & . L G . 2 .. $ ; $ . , . .believes in AllSh and the LastDay, let him honor his guest, and 11 , 2 $3 &><i 2 <?& 4f +I ,grant h i reward for a day and a fdl; & L &$ sg 5 8 :Jc @ $1-,night."] And it is not permissiblefor him to stav so long that he " *,+; z3&; ** % ;* ! k91 @causes annoy;nce to his host.Hospitality is for three days, and 3 -12 & -2, ,i f 3 3 ., , ? : Yj , ~, -- G5 .rGI 25U-.I1 ,, .+p. 9 , )Iwhatever he spends on him after +three days is charity." (Sahih) :uzb $ ,(f 8%& +, ,Comments: . n v y : CCA- ~~1 :, j -;a. It is compulsory to give a warm welcome to a guest for one day and night. However, t i should be to the extent o ones capability. hs fb. A guest has the right o hospitality, i.e., to eat and stay at the house of his f host, for the second and third day also.c. After three days, being a guest and eating there is Sadaqah (charity), and a wen-settled person does not like to eat Sadaqah.3676. It was narrated that Uqbahbin Amir said: "We said to the sl&f ] e; 3 6 2 av,, , : - 1 i.- ; 3 . , 2 Le+ .+ I : >.Messenger of All& g: You send &I 4 jilus and we stay with people who & JG 1 Sldo not show us any hospitality. a -What do you think of that? The % r$ ,j? 2, :@ $1 42 1 - $Messenger of AllGh said: If J; " 0 & ji yh,; 2 j * $ . cJsyou stay with people and theygive you what a guest deserves, I& $$ , I f% $3 i p :@ & Ithen accept it. If they do not do * ,~,that, then take from them what I& ;j ili, .I$O &, 0they should have offered which a (4.. . c~ , $ &dl : 3g+guest is entitled to." (Sahih)I They differ over its interpretation; between lavishly honoring him for a day and a night while he is a guest, or providing him provisions for a day and a night, which is marc general and may be used by him on the remainder of his journey. See Fnthul-Be;.
  19. 19. Chapters On Etiquette 21 w a 9 1 +I&! .%Comments:a. It is the villagers responsibility to provide food, accommodation and other facilities for an officialperson who comes to carry out the official tasks.b. Nowadays, in big cities the government provides the facilities of accommodation for official persons, so the officers should stay there and should not burden their subordinates.c. Whenever allowances for traveling and the like are provided to an official, he has to use them properly. He should not take extra money by spending lavishly or by giving false statements.3677. I t w a s n a r r a t e d t h a t Gk :& # & p G k - ~ ~ v vMiqd2m Abu Karimah said: "TheMessenger of AllCh a said:*. + a$ ; ,, ? @ Gk : 2;Putting up a guest for one nigh?is obligatory. If you find a guest 26 : 2 6 %$ .* , 2 &I , -, dr r!a~a? vour door in the mominz. then L" I i$ I B :@ $1 2 ;4this (hospitality) is (like) a debtthat you (the host) owe him. If he & i$ .+ ~2 $ g ~ , st(the guest) wants, he may request ,&jgG S1it, and if he wants, he may leaveit." (Sahih) r v a e: C CGI+!I 2 "L ~ ~ >3~,xi [ 9 1 +pi - O>L~I zE+ . : +tj-ir ,Chapter 6. The Orphans 7 I I $ - (7 4) 1Rights3678. It was narrated from Abu ~2: 4f 8T ; ~2 Y,vA -Hurairah that the Messenger ofAll2h @ said: " 0 All*,witness that I have issued a bear c L G, 2 , , s! ) i ~ U+ $ l g ,~ ~,warning concerning (failure to G$ a$ c&+ J$ G 3fulfill) the rights of the two weak &Lf 2~ $11 ,, :@ hi 2 ; j : 26 4 tones: Orphans and women."(Hasan) ;MI 2
  20. 20. Chapters On Etiquette 22 +rl +l3iComments:a. An orphan needs his guardian to fuW his necessities. He can not demand or force his guardian to agree to his demands as a child usually does with his own father. So, his requirements should be fulfilled without his request.b. A woman is generally subject to her husband morally, legally and Jslamically. She prefers to live in the house of her husband even if he does not fulfill her rights for the sake o her child- f or due to her love for husband. Therefore, a husband should avoid exploiting her weakness and should fulfill her rights in a good manner.3679. It was narrated from Abu fik :& $ 2 62 - YiV9Hurairah that the Prophet @ said:"The best house among the --- +;dl f kf i: Y:&Muslims is a house in which there [4f] + e , 6 - -,1 c ,a, a , + .Iis an orphan who is treated well.And the worst house among the isl 4 : 1 :, . . . 4 , ; S*Muslims is a house in whichLereis a n orphan who is treated 2 #-. :j6 @$I *, 523 &badly." (Dalif) a:, Y .dl y @ ,, . . - 0 4 , ., ,3680. It was narrated from gL :& g p ;+ 62 -Abdull* bin AbbHs that theMessenger of All* $$ said: J f i :Dl -, & $ ;e"Whoever raises three orphans, islike one who spends his nights in 2 :G ;21291 - i &;$ ll Lq Lprayer and fasts during the day, j6 :J6a n d goes out morning a n devenine drawine his sword in the " ucause of All&. In Paradise, he *I-* CJ IG~ .* .,+ , jLirj @ : 3 i~j6 SLjand I will be brothers like thesetwo sisters. and he held uu his $3 , $1 & $ , ,- ;.>G .forefinger and middle finger d; t &:@ ;; - 6 +Itogether." ( ~ a i j ) &j,,. * 2 2Wl i 9 .
  21. 21. Chapters On Etiquette 23 +a31Comments. With regard to taking care of an orphan, it is narrated with a sound chain that the Prophet @ said: "I and the one who looks after an orphan, whether he is his relative or someone else, will be like this in Paradise." Indicating his middle and index £ingem. (S& Muslim:2983)Chapter 7. Removing A , I ( v , .l , r o i l ) PHarmful Thing From TheRoad (v &dl) +&I3681. It was narrated that Abu 2 @ &f 2 -, 4 Gk 7 - VTABarzah Al-Aslami said: "I said: 0Messenger of All&! Tell me of an L6f9g2fi2 a :yG * -22action by which I may benefit. 2 h 1 3 1 1 2 1 2 - 21 ~He said: Remove h a d things , , JyJ, :d: J G<!&91 ::- ffrom the path of the Muslims." OA J <(Sahih) p a :J6 .? 2 JZ & $ !$I 7 .U&I 92 ,y$913 YlA:c G&&II , $iyl dlj! J y .& +L, LdI3 dl e :&2 +i+-irComments:a. Anyone who supports a Muslim in lawful matters in this world, gets the good reward in the Hereafter.b. Carrying out any social work is a great good deed.3682. It was narrated from AbuHurairah that the Prophet said: G 2 2 $ 3,< ,+s - y,*y :"There was a branch of a tree on 4 3 c e 9 1 9 F? $ 1 1 2the road that annoyed the people. .JC :,.,, 2 &f 9 <&G -A J I . ( _A man removed it, so he was -, ,admitted to Paradise." (Sahih) u s l .&; GGK+pi L k h l y : +dJ o i ~ , y p 14!+ ~ s o / ~ : k r l ~ j :E+~ l / [ ! ~ ~ *,1jll1 . + ~ ~ y ~ I , y $ b ~ T , y ~ , y & 4 ~ :-~i~r+~ b > , 3Comments:a. Protecting people from harm and loss is a beloved act to A a U.b. Any insignificant act, that is useful for people, can lead one to enter Paradise.c. Blocking a road or narrowing a way with transgression is a great major sin.d. Throwing waste and garbage or relieving oneself on thoroughfares is a major sin. Those who relieve themselves under the shade of a tree where
  22. 22. Chapters On Etiquette 24 +&I +&i people sit or on the thoroughiares provoke cursing. 3683. It was narrated from Abu Dharr that the Prophet @ said: "My nation was shown to me ck : . - , 2 b . .+f.2 $ ~f G k 2 $2 , . tf$ L 2 , l +:&;G -. , - YIAY with their good deeds and bad deeds. Among their good deeds I + cw&f, ds &I; 2. @ ? ir ?- $ e2 <p : ~,,~, , ~ , ~ , , ~ saw a harmful thing being 4 . removed from the road. And $ $ 39 : j . $1 ., among their bad deeds I saw sputum in the mosque that had .f-: $2 c? 9 . , , qGt not been removed." (Sahih) .$$I ~9. $91 QG~8G "4 +UI iJ1 -7, 41 +j? ;f vn/a:&i -=i :E+7,- & & 3 2 p - . 3 &I> +&3 c U I 2 ~ L . 43 $4 .+dl +9 ? ~j + i , &dl >plL~$1 js Comments: a. Any act that benefits people or protects them from harm is a good deed (provided it does not contradict any ruling in Islam). b. Nowadays, if one needs to spit in the mosque he has to go and clean himself at lavatories or should use a handkerchief and wash it later. Chapter 8. The Virtue Of Giving Water In Charity ?dl gki # 46 - (A 4 ) 1 (A .%dl) 3684. It was narrated that Sad 2;62 :+ 2 3 G - YTAt X c2zG~, ..l-:.aI -Lb ,-6 bin Ubsdah said: "I said: 0 - Messenger of All*, what charitv ir - - 6 3 2 , is best? He said: Giving water to ;ZG ; 2 . - & . *--- : AI$ G P ~ , drink." (Dain $al ; ;2 : L :sji :
  23. 23. Chapters On Etiquelte 25 uikl "lsi I iiComments:a. Giving drinking water i a @eat good deed, whether it is in the form of s fixing a tap or digging a well, or dedicating a water cooler for people, or by putting a pot with drinking water for public use, or even giving a glass of water to a thirsty person. All the aforementioned actions are deemed as good deeds.b. Withholding excess water from a needy person is a great major sinc. Water should not be wasted during its use. 3685. It was narrated from Anas bin MHlik that the Messenger of j + &I g 2 ~ 6 2 - Y ? A O All31 @ said: "On the Day of @ $ 6 2 :gg c$.G 2 2 5 Resurrection, people will be lined up in rows, (one of the narrators) + $f 3 67 I &$ 2 3 91 bn Numair said: i.e., he people A A -r@$1 J; & 26 :JC aL , + # , of Paradise, and a man from among the people of Hell will pass by a man (from the people of Paradise) and say: "0 so-and-so! Do you not remember the daywhen you asked for water and Igave you water to drink?" So hewill intercede for him. Andanother man will come and say:"Do you not remember the daywhen I gave you water withwhich to punfy yourself?" and hewill intercede for him." (In hisnarration, one of the narrators)Ibn Numair said: "And he willsay: 0 so-and-so, do you notremember the day when you sentme to do such and such for you,and I went and did it for you?and he will intercede for him."(On$$)3685. It was narrated that : . " , i6 2 - ,-I,,, I . fSurgyah bin Jushum said: "I G G L 2 - C~2 : $ $ $ 3 , A
  24. 24. Chapters On Etiquette 26 u & l +lg!asked the Messenger of Al g l%about a lost camel that comes to 24 , 2 $31 gz 2 &i31+2 , , Gmy cisterns that I have preparedfor my own camels - will I be &g + * 4 2 %f 2 &rewarded if I give it some water 4x1 ;G 2 @$ $1 2 ~ ; : j 6to drink? He said: Yes, in everyliving being there is reward." 2, J$ &y @ 3 G&k , .,, 9(Sahih) JS 2 . ~ ; ~ " : j 6 lgk 4 i-r .f : &J U a $= L. wi;, 41 jL! 1 +A j v o / l : l u ! e r j T 2 . Cpl :cJ;+,L~-II JAGJ 0 , .p, d J + ~ u &IJ L+ +P~I ciPg r& t k T u . s . r : e ~ ~ + l , - " ~ + k>+ ~ ,, sComments:a. Giving water to a thirsty animal or feeding a hungry animal that belongs to others is also a good deed.b. Giving water to an animal that does not belong to anyone is also a good deed. As a prostitute was forgiven due to providing water to a thirsty dog. (Sahih Muslim:2244)Chapter 9. Gentleness (q 1 I - ( 9 +I)3687. It was narrated from Jarir 2;G k :- 2 2 G k - y-~,"bin AbdulEh Al-Bajali that the ..Messenger of Al l% & said: &2 a2 3 ~2 9 +: ~ gz 2 3x9 , ," W h o e v e r i s d e p r i v e d of d&+gentleness, he is deprived of , ,,goodness." (Sahih) $3 : I 29; J6 : X &I $1Comments. A hardhearted person cannot get the love of people due to this character, and he is deprived of most o the worldly benefits. AUih dm does not like f a bad person, so he will be deprived of the advantages of the Hereafter as well. s I3688. It was narrated from Abu :$vl 2 & t 2 ~l - Y7AA % &Hurairah that the Prophet g said: g" A l l i h is Gentle a n d loves 2- &+QI 2 + 2 f;$ c kgentleness, and He grants reward J if; s.1 . L-O- f - .- , . : .i .t <&L;.$f
  25. 25. Chapters On Etiquette 27 +&k! " 9 1 1for it that He does not grant forharshness." (Sahih) $31 &; 2 $rj6 1T V f /%:>>Ylc+ J S . -9 4 1 - e l - ) ZJJI) ~ 1 4 1 f c~JI, : ~ dl -3 .! .a& **[[PI &&:y :z+ J+L! ( ~ p k d l; j. p LA& L 3 .L>> . : ~ 29 CYA./):&.J, Yo%Y:cComments:a. All21 loves most those who are kind to each other, He grants benefits to such people in this world and the good reward in the Hereafter.b. Being lenient in religious matters, and tolerant in enforcement of the Hudud (the prescribed punishment in Islam) indicata a weakness of the faith. In such situations, being firmly adherent to the religion will raise ones rank.3689. It was narrated from ~2:z 7 !. A g - y,Aq G&shah that the Prophet @ said: .- 4 d ,"Alltih is Gentle a n d loves :c .$l>j%l 2 4 3gentleness in all things" (Sahih) $71 $ 3 2G 2 ;+ c~~ ,*, , .&Ul+ d l +I , &.#r;il-j ivl : J P ;Comments: Using a kind and gentle method in preaching Islam is very useful. But being lenient in the matter of trnth is similar to the acceptance of falsehood. On the other hand, adopting a strict stand in matten which the Shariah itself approves easiness is a mistake, and insisting on it is a further mistake.Chapter 10. BeneficenceTowards Slaves3690. It was m a t e d that Abu 2 : .- 4f d , i6 2 - r y q . ? jC: fDhan said: "The Messenger ofAWh g said: (Slaves are) your g 2 23*1 2 *GI , c~ :-&brothers whom Alltih has put $1 JG; jG j6 J 1 3 L&G5: ~ * -, , & 31punder your control, so feed themwith the same food that you eat, . . :$g
  26. 26. Chapters On Etiquette 28 +5 1 .% -s 1t Iclothe them with the same clothesthat you wear, and do not burden 4 , ~ $ t ,& ?&fjthem with so much that they are ,$ . G p a y ; . L doverwhelmed; if you do burdenthem, then help them." (Sahih)+& j 7 - 0 + : &~ . 13 "UI j & L . . "4 c U - V ~ +,LLJ *pi :E+-L & Y3 . & L eUb . $ 6 L A w l ,-L&! -4 C A ~ V+, I de +Vl . + L -;i & ; m / x ~:C 4~;- s iComments:a. Looking after the rights of a slave is obligatory on his master.b. Providing suitable food, clothes, and accommodation to a slave is the responsibility of his master. In return he serves his master and helps him in his day-to-day work.c. If a job is entrusted to a slave that he cannot accomplish alone, then the master must help him or provide some helpers for him.3691. It was narrated from AbuBakr Siddiq that the Messenger of g i; j 3 : ~76 c ; y l q . &f $ ; - , s-,All* g said: "No person who - c 2 1mistreats his slaves will enterParadise." Thev said: " 0 3 45 3 & ; i c e > . ~ :, ~,Messenger of All~h: did you not 26 :26 &!&1I k , dr -* 2 .. :ytell us that this nation will havemore slaves and omhans than anv t,, 9, $& g,, :g &,I A&;other nation?" ~ e s a i d : "Yes, sb 2r!$I 2 ~ 6 - ; :I$ U ~ Ibe as kind to them as you are tovow own children, and feed them p2 *3 E , & & $l I y r ?$ ;rk i t h the same food that you eat." . p?y;f GI* p~$fj+ . :J6in this world?" He said: "A horsethat is kept ready for fighting inthe cause of Alliih, and your slave 4 & kg +$ >$B:J6 . ~c$~to take care of you, and if he & & .&& a& &> ,-performs prayer, then he is your .&$fbrother (in Islam)." (Datj)

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