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  • 1. 6Jirfd-a+6tf JdB ,-i.!r d)! - aj*.i jii The Purpose The Purpose Greationof Creation By ByDr.Abu Ameenah Philips BilalDr.Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
  • 2. ,Jil{ltif -fllllgr lliJfThe furposelfrtu@ [fJrmr:r[fJ®~olereationofrGreafifflDrf
  • 3. flil*l- dlill fr d{liJt Thffi (f[ Til W,W D~&~ ffifi ffitr&etfrwt 1 lr ea li aD ;:")>;, ·:)t<,.:;,J/,: ::::::" }~~ : ;_, ,-:::, -;":,:. ",.. ;.:":y "~M"::_, ::/C:-: "J@/ )f By By Dr.AbuAmeenah philips Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips Bilal llirir.Crefl AIirl ..;JiJ l &i ..I+I~I ~.. d!8;, +litt C:t*llrJl l5+i irsif, A Y :y- .~ . . a.-1 f" Ytt y fr t :~il i-- • .l t,. ty ., g V : . ]: ~l AY * r . v - f Y Y y _,.f r t T o l ., V
  • 4. @Copyright1995Dar Al Fatah © Copyright 1995 Dar Al Fatah Revised edition1997 Revised edition 1997 AII rightsreserved. portionof this book may be reproduced. No All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced. stored in a storedin a retrieval syst€n or transmified in any form by any means electronic. retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means electronic. mechanical. photocopyingrecordingor othenvise mechanical. photocopying, recording or othetWise without prior permission withoutprior permission of the copyrightowner. of the copyright owner. Dar Al Fatah Dar Al Fatah Printing, Publishing & Distribution Co. Llc. Printing, Publishing & Distribution Co. Lie. P.O.Box23424,Sharj P.O.Box 23424, Sharjap afr Tel: (9716)322305 Fax: 3225?6 Tel: (9716) 322308 // Fax: 322526 Approvedby: Ministry of Information, Approved by: Ministry of Information, UAE UAE Reference 1600,datedg.6.97 No. Reference No. 1600, dated 8.6.97 This edition was reproduced by edition reproduced bv Zalfi Foreigners Guidance Zulli Foreigners Guidance Office P.O. Box 182,Zulfr llg32 Saudi P.O. Box 182, Zulfi 11932 - Saudi Arabia (00966) 06-4ZZSGST Tel: (00966) 06-4225657 - Fax: (00966) 06-4224234 (00966) 06-42242}4 @cooperative Office for Call & Cuidance at Zulfi .,Zfflz @C*p"rative Office Guidance Zulli .,2002King Fahd National LIBRARY cATAtocrNc- rN - puBUcATtoN DATAKing FahdNational LIBRARY CATALOGING-IN - PUBLICATION DATA PHILIPS,8I[A[ PHILIPS, BLAL Thc purpose of creation.-Riyadh. The purpose of creation.-Riyadh. ..-p.; •.·p·i.·em. tsEN 9960 - 864 -11 -- 1 ISBN 9960 - 864 -11 1 lI-- sIslam 2 - W o r s h i p l l a m 2-Worship tI- - iTitle T ile 210 dc 210 de ZBoSlZj 2805/23 LegalDeposit no. 2805/23 Legal Depositno. 2805/23 lsBN9960-- 864-11 -- |1 ISBN 9960 864 -11
  • 5. fn, P"rprtt C*ttu!. ITL The Purpose ofCreation = __ l-tl "fIntroductionIntroduction purpose creation is a topic that puzzlesevery ffihe he purpose of creation is a topic that puzzles everyT r I human being at some point in his or her lifetime. human being at some point in his or her lifetime. Everybody at sometime or anotherasksthemselves Everybody at some time or another asks themselves the question the question "Why do I exist?~ or "For what purpose am I do exist?"or what purpose am here on earth?" here on earth?" The variefy and complexity the intricatesystems The variety and complexity of the intricate systems which constitutethe fabric both humanbeingsand the which constitute the fabric of both human beings and the world in which they exist indicate that there must have been a in which they exist indicatethat theremusthavebeena Supreme Beingwhocreated them.Designindicates designer. Supreme Being who created them. Design indicates a designer. a When human beings come across footprints on a beach, they When humanbeingscomeacrossfootprintson a beach,they immediatelyconcludethat a humanbeinghad walked by there immediately conclude that a human being had walked by there some time previously. No one imagines that the waves some time previously. one imaginesthat the waves the sea settled the sandand chanceproduced a from the -sea settled in the sand and by chance producedadepressionlooking exactly like humanfootprints.depression looking exactly like human footprints. Nor do dohumans instinctively concludethat they were broughtintohumans instinctively conclude that they were brought intoexistencewithout a purpose. Since purposefulexistence without action is purpose. Sincepurposeful action is anatural productof humanintelligence.natural product of human intelligence, lrumans humans concludethat conclude thatthe Supremethe Supreme IntelligentBeing who created Intelligent Being who created them must have them must havedonesofor a specificpurpose.done so specific purpose. Therefore, Therefore, humanbeingsneed human beings needto know the purposefor their existencein orderto make sense the purpose existence order make senseof this life and to do what is ultimatelybeneficialfor them.of and what ultimately beneficial them. Throughoutthe ages,however, therehasbeena minority Throughout the ages, however,there has beenamonghumansamong humans who havedeniedtheexistence God.Matter, have denied the existence of ofGod. Matter,in their opinion, is eternaland mankindis merelya chance opinion, eternal and mankind merely chanceproduct of accidentalcombinationsof its elements.Conse-product of accidental combinations of elements. Conse-
  • 6. t-L The Purpose ofCreation The of Creatior,t _quently, to them, the question "Why did God create man?"quently, to them, the question God createman?"had and still hasno answer. According them,theresimplyhad and still has no answer. According to them, there simply is no purposeis no purpo:;e to existence. However, the vast majority of existence.However,the vast ofhumankind over the ages have believed and continue tohumankind over the ages have believed and continuebelieve in the existence of a Supreme Being who created thisbelieve in the existence a Supreme Being who created thisworld a purpose. them was, and still is, impoftantworld with a purpose. For them it was, and still is, important Forto know about the Creator and the purpose for which Heto know about the Creator and the purpose which He humanbeings.created human beings.createdThe AnswerThe Answer answerthe question To answer the question "Why did God create man?" it did God createman?"must first bedetermined from which perspective questionmust first be detennined from which perspective the question the is beingasked. Fromthe point view Cod would mean,is being asked. From the point of view of God it would mean, caused God createhumanbeings?" from the"What caused God to create human beings?" while from the human point view would meanhuman point of view it would mean "For what purposedid what purposeGod createhumans?" Both pointsof representGod create humans?" Both points of view represent aspectsaspects the intriguingquestion exist?" theof the intriguing question "Why do I exist?" In the followingpages, both aspects the questionwill be explored basedpages, both aspects of the question will be explored based ofon the clearpicturepaintedby divine revelation. This is noton the clear picture painted by divine revelation. is nota topic humanspeculation. because humanguessworka topic for human speculation, because human guessworkcannot possiblyproducethe whole truth this matter.cannot possibly produce the whole truth in this matter. Howcan human beingsintellectuallydeducethe reality of theircan human beings intelJectualJy deduce the reality of theirexistencewhen they can hardly understand how their ownexistence when they can hardly understandbrain or its higher entity, the mind, functions?brain its higherentity,the mind, functions? Consequently, Consequently,the manyphilosophersthe many philosophers who havespeculated this question who have speculated on this question ondown through the ages havecome up with innumerabledown through the ages have come innumerableanswers, all of which are basedon assumptionsanswers, of which are based on assumptions which cannot which cannot
  • 7. The Purpose ofCreationbe proven.Questions this topic haveevenled a numberofbe proven. Questions on this topic have even led number ofphilosophersto claim that we do not really exist and that thephilosophers claim that not really exist and that thewhole V(0rld is imaginary. For example, the Greekphilosopherwhole uqorldis imaginary. example,the For Greek philosopherPlato (428-348 Be) argued that the everyday world ofPlato (428-348 BC) argued tlrat the everyday ofchangeable things,which man comesto know by the useofchangeable things, which man comes know the use ofhis senses, not the primary reality,but is a shadowworldhis senses, is not the primary reality, but is shadow isof appearances. I Many others, as waspreviouslyof appearances. Many others, was previously mentioned, as mentioned,claimed and continue to claim that thereis no purpose theclaimedandcontinue claim that there is no purpose for thecreation ofhumans at all. According thetrr, of at to Human existencecreation humans all. According to them, Humanexistenceis merelya product chatrce. Therecan be no purpose lifeis merely a product of chance. There can be no purpose if lifeif matterwhich only becameevolved from inanimate matter which only became animateevolved from inanimate animate supposed cousins,themonkeyby pure luck. Humankinds supposed cousins, the monkeyby pure luck. Humankindsandapes not bothered with questions existence. soand apes are not bothered with questions of existence, so why areshouldhumanbeings botheredbe with them?should human beings be bothered with them? Although mostpeopleput the qrrestiori why we are Although most people put the question" of why we are asideafteroccasional brief reflection. i.sextremelycreated aside after occasional brief reflection, it is extremelycreated beings knowthe answer. to Withoutknow-critical for human beings to know the answer. Without know-criticalfor humanledge the correct answer. hutnanbeings becomeledge of the correct answer. human beings become indis- indis- from the otheranimals aroundthern. Theanirnaltinguishable from the other animals around them. The animaltinguishable anddesires eating, drinkingand pro-creatingnecessities and desires of eating, drinking and pro-creatingnecessitiesbecome the purpose lrumanexistence default.and bybecome the purpose of human existence by default, and is thenfocusedin this limitedsphere.human effort is then focused in this limited sphere. Whenhuman efTort When developsinto the most importantgoalinmaterial satisfaction develops into the most important goal inmaterial satisfaction t fhis vierv was expressedin his book The Repuhlicthroughhis rvellI This view was expressed in his book The Republic through his wellknorvn metaphor of the cave. wlrere the changin-e physical rvorld isknown metaphor of the cave. where the changing physical world is caston tlrc wall ola caveby gravenimages (Ihecompared to shadows cast on the .all 0 r a cave by graven images (Thecompared to shadowsNew Encyciopaedia Britannica. vol.l .25. .p. .552).) . N ew EncltclopaediaBr itunnica. v o 2 5 n 5 5 2
  • 8. ThePurpose Creation of The Purpose ofCreation tgJ life, humanexistencelife, human existence becomes even more degraded than that becornes evenmoredegraded than thatof the lowestofanimals.of the lowest ofanimals. Human beings wi II consistently misuse Humanbeings willconsistently misusetheir Go{-givenintelligencetheir G04-given intelligence when they lack knowledge oftheir whenthey lackknowledge oftheir purpose of existence.The degradedpurpose of existence. The degraded human mind uses its humanmind usesitsabilities to create drugsandbombsand becomesabilities to create drugs and bombs and becomes engrossed in engrossed infornication, pornography,homosexuality,fornication, pornography, homosexuality, fortunetelling, fortunetelling,suicide,etc.Without knowledgesuicide, etc. Without knowledge ofthe purpose of life, human purpose life, human ofexistenceloses meaning all and is consequentlyexistence loses all meaning and is consequently wasted, and wasted,andthe reward an eternallife happiness the hereafterthe reward of an eternal life of happiness in the hereafter is in iscompletelydestroyed. Therefore, is the utmostimportancecompletely destroyed. Therefore, it is of the utmost importancethat humanbeingscorrectlyanswerthe questionthat human beings correctly answer the question "Why are arewe here?"we here?" Humans most often turn to other humanbeings like Humans most often turn to other human beingslikethemselves forthe auswers. However. only place thatclearthemselves for the answers. However. the only place the that clearand preciseanswers these questions can be found is in theand precise answers to thesequestions be found is the to canbooks divine revelation. was necessary that God revealbooks of divine revelation. It was necessary God reveal thatthe purpose to man throughHis prophets. becausethe purpose to man through His prophets. because human humanbeings are incapable arriving at the correct answers bybeings are incapable of arrivingat the correctanswersthemselves.themselves. All of the prophets God taughttlreirfollowers the prophets of God taught their followers ofthe answers to the question"Why did God createman?"the answers the question God create man?"Judeo-ChristianScripturesJudeo-Christian Scriptures A surveyof the Bible leavesthe honestseekerof truth survey of the leaves the honest seeker oflost. The Old Testamentlost. The Testament seemsmore concerned seems more concerned with laws laws ..andthe historyof eariymanandthe Jewishpeoplethan withand the history of early man and the Jewish people thananswering vital questionanswering the vital question concerning the concerning humaniryscreation.:! humanitys creation.l2 In2 Isaiahthe Israelites createdfor Gods glory, "But norv thus says Isaiah the Israelites are created tbr Gods glory, .. IBut now thus says arethe Lord. he who created you. 0 Jacob. he who formed you. 0 Israel: ...the Lord. he rvhocreatedyou. O .lacob.he who formedyou. O lsrael:...
  • 9. l-L- T h ePurpose s e C r e o t i o n TI,e P u r p o ofCreation of -_ ..In Genesis, God creates the world and Adam and Eve in sixln Genesis, God creates world and Adam and Eve in six thedays and rests from His work on the seventh.3days and rests from His work on the seventh. J Adam and Adam andEve disobeyGod and are punishedEve disobey God and are punished and their son Cain kills and their son Caintheir othei son AbDl and goes live in the land Nod.their other son Abtl and goes to live in the land of Nod. AndGod was sorry that he had mademan!*God was sorry that he had made man!4 Why are the answers arethe answersnot there in clear and unmistakable terms? Why is so muchnot therein clearand unmistakable terms? Why is so much symbolic.leavingthe reader guessat itsof the language symbolic, leaving the reader to guess at itsof the languagemeanings? For example,in Genesismeanings? For example, in Genesis 6:6 it is stated, "When 6:6 is stated, "When on the faceof the ground,and daughtersmen began to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughtersmen begzurwere born them, the sonswere born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters saw that the daughtersof men were fair; and they tookof men were fair; and they took to wife such of them as they such them as theychose." Who are these "sons of God"? Each Jewish sect andchose."Who arethese"sons God"? EachJewishsectand the manyChristiansectswho followed them haveeach of the many Christian sects who followed them haveeachtheir own explanations. Which is the correct interpretation?their own explanations. Which is the correctinterpretation?The truth is that the purpose mans creationwas taught byThe truth is that the purpose of mans creation was taught by ofthe prophets.of old, however,the prophets. of old, however, some of their followers-in some their followers-incollusion with thecollusion with the devils-later changed the scriptures. The the changed scriptures. Theanswers became vagueandmuch the revelationwas hiddenanswers became vague and much of the revelation was hiddenin symbolic language. When God sent Jesus Christ to thein symbolic language. When God sentJesus Christ thel61 will say to the north. Give up. and to the south. Do not withhold: bring sayto the north.Give up" and to the south- not rvithhold:bring 7my sons from atar and my daughters fiom the end the eafih. evervoncmy sons from afar and my daughters from the end of the earth. 7 every onewho is called by my name. whom I created for my glory, whom r tannedwho is calledby my name. created glory, rvhom I tbrmedand made." (Revised Vcrsion.lsaiahand made." (Revised Standard Version. Isaiah 43: 1. 6-7.) Standard 43:l- 6-7.)t "tAnd on the3 •• ~ And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done. and seventh God finishedhis rvorks,hichhe had done.and day dal from all his work uhich he had done.iSohe rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 350he rested on the seventhGod blessedthe seventhday and hallowedit. becauseGod blessed the seventh day and hallowed it. because on it God rested on God restedfiom all his work which hc had donein creation." (RSV. Genesis 2:2-3.1from all his work which he had done in creation: (RSY. Genesis 2:2-3.)n4 "And the Lord was sorry that he had made man on the earth. and it Lord was that hc had made man on the earth.andgrievedhim to his heart."(RSV. Cenesis 6:6.)grieved him to his heart." (RSY. Genesis 6:6.)
  • 10. ThePurposeof creation Tile Purpose ofCreation f Jews, he overturned tablesof thosemerchants theJews, he overturned the tables of those merchants who had who had set up businesses insidethe temple,S he preachedset up businesses inside the temple, and he preached against and against the ritualistic interpretationthe ritualistic interpretation ofthe law practiced by the Jewish oftlre law practicedby the Jewish rabbis.He reaffrnned law of Prophet therabbis. He reaffirmed the law of Prophet Moses and revived it. Mosesandrevivedit. He taught the purpose of life to his disciples and demonstratedHe taughtthe purpose life to his disciples of anddemonstrated how to fulfill it untilhislastmoments thisworld. to fulfill it until his last moments in this world. However. in after his departure From this world.his rnessage alsoafter his depat1Ure from this world. his message was also wasdistortedby some who claimed to be among his followers.distorted by sorne who clairned be amonghis follorvers. toThe clealtnrthhe brought becameThe clear truth he brought became vague. like the messages the messagesof tlre prophetsbefore hirn.symbolisrnof the prophets before him. Symbolism was introduced, was introduced.especialll through "Revelatiorrs" John,andthe Gospel theespecially through the Revelations of John, and the Gospelwhich was revealed Jesus to was lost.Four othergospelswhich was revealed to Jesus was lost. Four other gospelsconrposed menvere by chosen Athanasius,fourthcentury bvcomposed by men were chosen by Athanasius, a fourth century a 6bishop.6 replace lostGospel Jesus to thebishop, to replace the lost Gospel of Jesus Christ. And the christ. And the23 books of writings of Paul and othersincludedin the New23 books writings Paulandothers included in the 7Testament outnumberedTestament outnumbered eventlrefour versiolrs the gospel.T even the four versions of the gospel. ofAs a result, New Testament a result, Testament readers readers canot find precise cannot preciseanswersto the questionanswers the question "Why did God createmanT,g And did God create rnan?"s Luke 19:45 ( R S V ) <; Luke t 9 : 4 5(RSV).6, Encyclopaedia Britannir.r, vo[. l4- p. gl4. 6 The .Vew Encu-clop,aedia Britannica, vol. 14. p. 814.7 7 tn tlre rnicl-4th In the mid-4th ccntur,manuscnpt century manuscript callecl Codc Sinaiticus. Letter called CodexSinaiticus. the Letter tl.reof Barnaba.sand the shepherd ol Hernrfl.rarc included as a part of the of Barnabas and the Shepherd a/Hernias are included as a part of theNew Testament. New Testament. (Tlrc Sew Encvclopctediu (The NewEncyclopaedia Brirunnica.01. 14.p. gl4.) Briwnnica. lol. 14. p. 814.)t what 1 What rnaybe citedin the Kin-e.lames Versionas the purposeof creation, may be cited in the King .lanres Version as the purpose o{crcation.Revelation II "fhou art vonh.o Lord. ro rcceiveglory anclhonorand Revelation 4:ll "Thou art worthy, 0 Lord. III receive glor-v(Inc! honor and 4:porver:for thou hastcreatcd thin-ss. for thv pleasurethey are and power: lilr thou hast created all things. and for thy pleasure they are and all andwere created."is retranslated the Rerist-d Standard Versionas:"worthr,. were created." is retranslated in the Reised Standarcl in Version as: "Worthyart thou. our Lord and God. to reccrvcglor-rand honcur art thou, our Lord and God. lO receive glory and honour and power. fbr forthou didstcreateall things.and by thy will they existedand were created." thou didst create all things. and by thy will they existedand were created.-
  • 11. The Purpose of Creation The Purpose ofCreationone is forced to blindly follow the contriveddogmasofone is forced to blindly follow the contrived dogmas ofwhateversectthey happento belongto or adopt.The gospelswhatever sect they happen to belong to or adopt. The gospelsare interpreted according eachsectsbeliefs,and the seekerare interpreted according to each secfs beliefs~ and the seeker to truth is againleft wondering,which one is correct?of truth is again left wondering~ which one is correct?The Incarnation GodThe Incarnation of God Perhaps only coffrmon the concept mostChristiansects to Perhaps the only common concept to most Christian sectsregardingthe purposeregarding the purpose of mankind~s creation is that God mankindscreationis that Godbecameman so that He could die at the hands men tobecame man so that He could die at the hands of men tocleanse themof sin inherited from Adam and his descendants.cleanse them ofsin inherited from Adam and his descendants.Accordingtothem,thissin hadbecome greatthat no humanAccording to them, this sin had become so great that no human soact of atonement repentance could eraseit. God is sogoodact of atonement or repentance could erase it. God is so goodthat sinful man cannotstandthat sinful man cannot stand before Him. Consequently~ only beforeHim. Consequently,Gods sacrifice Himselfcould savehumankind ofGods sacrifice of Himself could save humankind from sin. from sin. in this man-made myth became the Belief in this man-made myth became only source the source salvation, according the Church. Consequently~ thefor salvation, according to the Church. Consequently, theChristianpurpose creationbecame recognitionof theChristian purpose of creation became the recognition of the of thedivine sacrificedivine sacrifice andthe acceptance Jesus and the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the of Christ as theLord God. This may be deducedfrom the followirrgwords God. This may be deduced from the following wordsattributed Jesus the Gospelaccording to John,"For Godattributed to Jesus in the Gospel according John, inso loved the world that he Flovehis only Son, that whoever the world he gave Son. whoeverbelieves in him should not perish but have eternal lift."believes have eternallife.,,9 ln Pauls letterto the Colossians explainsthat the rvorld was created In Pauls letter the Colossians he explains that the world was created hefbr .lesusd5 He is the imageof the invisibleGod. the first-bomof all creation:for Jesus "r5He the image of the invisible God. the first-born of creation: .r6for him in all things were created. in heaven and earth. visible amI 16for in him all thingswere heavenand on earth.visible anr:invisible. rvhetherthrones or dominionsor principalitiesor authorities- invisible. whether thrones dominions or principalities or authorities- orall thingswere createdthrough him and for him."(RSV.Colossians:15).all things were created through him and for him."(RSV. Colossians |I: 15).t J o h n 3 : 1 6( R S V ) .9 John, . 16 (RSY). 3:
  • 12. The Purpose of Creation The ofHowever, ifthis is the purpose of creation and the prerequisiteHowever, is the purpose creation andthe prerequisitefor everlasting why was it rrottaughtby all the prophets? life,for everlasting life, why was it not taught by all the prophets?Why did God not becomeman in the time Adam and hisWhy did God not become man in the time of Adam and hisoffspringso that all mankindwould havean equalchanceoffspring so that all mankind would have an equal chance to their purpose existence attaineverlasting for andfulfill their purpose for existence and attain everlasting life. life. did thosebeforeJesustime haveanotherpurposeOr did those before Jesus time have another purpose forexistence? peopletoday whom God hasdestinedneverexistence? All people today whom God has destined neverto hear Jesus alsohaveno chance to their supposedto hear of Jesus also have no chance to fulfill their supposedpurpose creation. Sucha purpose. obviously is too limitedpurpose of creation. Such a purpose, is obviously too limited the need fit the need of humankind.Everything is GodEverything is God The Hindu scripfuresteachthat thereare many gods, The Hindu scriptures teach that there are many gods,incarnations gods,persons God and that everythingis ofincarnations of gods, persons of God and that everything isGod, Brahman. ln spite oftlre belief thatthe self(atman)God, Brahman. In spite of the belief that the self (atman) all living beingsis actuallyBrahtnan, oppressiveof alJ living beings is actually Brahman, an oppressive caste an castesystemevolved in which the Brahmans, priestly caste,system evolved in which the Brahmans, the priestlycaste, tlrepossess spiritualsupremacy birth.They are the teachers ofpossess spiritual supremacy b5r by birth. They arethe teachersthe Vedas 10 and represent the ideal of ritual purity and socialthe Vedastj and represent ideal ritual purity and social theprestige. the other hand, the Sudra caste are excluded from Onprestige. On theotherhand. Sudra the caste excluded are fromreligious status and their sale duty in life is "to serve meekly" I 1religious status their soleduty in life is and sewemeekly"llthe otherthreecastes and their thousands subcastes.the other three castes and their thousands of subcastes.t" The leda,meaning "Knowleclge." a collective10 The I eda, meaning is ·Knowledge." is collective terrnfor revealed term (sruti: revealed (snili:heard) sacred scripturesof the Hindus. All otherworks-in which theheard) sacred scriptures of the Hindus. other works-in which theactual doctrinesand practises I-lindus encoded-are recognizedactual doctrines and practises of Hindus are encoded-are recognized as of are ashaving being composed by human authors and are thus classed as smritihaving beingcomposed humanauthorsand are thus classed smriti as(remembered). The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. p. 530.)lrememberedl.( The New EncltclopaediaBritannica, vol. 20. p. 530.)1 ManauaDharmasastra1.9t: (The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol." Manava Dharmasastra 1.91.(The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol.2 0 ,p . 5 5 3 . )20, p. 553.)
  • 13. The, Purpose ofCreation fn nrp"t, pt9rta*" .. According to Hindu monist philosophers, According to Hindu monist philosophers, humankinds humankindspurpose is the realizationof their divinity and-following apurpose is the realization of their divinity and-following a path (marga) to emancipation(moksha) from the wheel ofpath (margq) to emancipation (moksha) from the wheel ofrebirth-the reabsorbtion the human soul (atman) into therebirth-the reabsorbtion of the human soul (atman) into theullimate reality, Brahman For thoseultimate reality, Brahman. For those following the bhakti the bhaktipath,l2 the purpose ispath,12 the purpose is to love God because God created loveGod because God createdhumankind "enjby ahumankind to "enjoy a relationship-as a father enjoys his a father enjoys his (Srimad Bhagwatam). For the ordinary Hindu, thechildren" (Srimad Blngwatam). the ordinary themain aim of worldly lies in conformingto socialand ritualmain aim ofworldly life lies in conforming to social and ritualduties, the traditional rules conductduties, to the traditional rules of conduct for ones caste- ones caste-the karma path.r3the karma path. 13 Although most the religion the Vedic texts, which Although most of the religion of the Vedic texts, whichrevolves around rituals ofrevolves around rituals of fire sacrifice, has been eclipsed sacrifice,has beeneclipsed Hindu docffines and practicesfound other texts, theby Hindu doctrines and practices found in other texts, theabsolute authority and sacrednqss the Veda remainsabsolute authority and sacredness of the Veda remains a ofcentral tenetof virtually Hindu sectsand traditions.Thecentral tenet of virtually all Hindu sects and traditions. The Veda is composed of four collections, the oldest of which is Veda is composed four collections, oldestof which is of thethe Rlgueda("Wisdom of the Verses").In thesetexts,God isthe Rigveda ("Wisdom of the Verses"). these texts, God isdescribed ~he most confusing terms. The religion reflecteddescribedin the mostconfusingterms.The religion reflectedin the Rigvedais a polytheismmainly concernedinthe Rigveda polytheism concerned with appeasing appeasingdeities associated with the sky and the atmosphere, "mostdeities associated the sky and the atmosphere, the most theimportant ofwhich were Indra (god of the heavensand rain),important ofwhich were of heavens and rain), sacr~ficialBaruna (guardianof the cosmic order),Agni (the sacrificial (guardian of the cosmic order),tt The path11 path of devotion to a personalGod in which murtis (idols) are of devotion personal murtis areworshipped with the hope of goingto krishnaloko (a spiritual planet) inworshipped with the hope of going to krishna/oka planet) intheir next lives.their next lives.1 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 20. p. 13 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. p. 520.
  • 14. The Purpose ofCreation The of Creotionfire), andSurya (the Sun). In later Vedic texts, interest thefire), and Surya (the Sun). In later Vedic texts, interest in theearly Rigvedic gods declines,and polytheismbegins beearly Rigvedic gods declines, and polytheism begins to bereplaced a sacrificial pantheismreplaced by a sacrificial pantheism to Prajapati (Lord of ofCreatures), is the All. ln the Upanishads (secretteachingsCreatures), who is the All In the Upanishads (secret teachingsconcerning cosrnic equations),concerning cosmic equations), Prajapati merges with the merges theconcept Brahman,thesupreme reality and substanceconcept of Brahman, the supreme reality and substance of universe,the ~universe, replacing any specific personification, thusthe replacingany specific personification, thustransforming the mythology into abstract philosophy. 14 If thetransformingthe mytholory into abstract philosophy.o the Ifcontents of thesescriptureswere that human beingshadcontents of these scriptures were all that human beings had choose from guidance,one would have concludeto choose from for guidance, one would have to concludethat both and the purpose creationfromthat God hid both Himself and the purpose of creation fromhumankind.humankind. God is not the authorof confusion,nor doesHe wish God is not the author of confusion, nor does He wish mankind.Consequently, when He revealeddifficulty for mankind. Consequently, when He revealed communication huqankind one thousandHis final communication to hUl1J.ankind one thousand fourhundred years ago,.He that was perfectly preservedhundred years ago,.He ensured that it was perfectly preserved ensuredfor all of the gene~ations of human beings come. that ofthe generations human beingsto come. In that offinal scripture, Quran (Koran),God revealed purposefinal scripture, the Quran(Koran), God revealed His purpose thefor creating mankind and, through His last propheLHe clarified creating mankindand,through last prophet. He clarified the detailswhich man coutdcornprehend. is orrtheall of the details which man could comprehend. It is on theallbasis of this revelation and the propheticbasis this revelation the prophetic explanations that and explanations thatwe will analyze the precisewe answers the question analyzethe precise answers to the question "Whydid God create man?" in the coming pages. God createman?" the coming The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. 20. pp. 529-530.14 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. pp. 529-530.
  • 15. The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Crcation God Create? Why Did God Create? RoM THE potNT oF vtEw oF Goo, AN EvENmore ROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF GOD, AN EVEN moreF fundamental question needs be asked, fundamental question needs to be asked, "Why did God create?" This questionshouldbe askedbecause God create?" This question should be asked becausehumankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation.God sayshumankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation. God says inChapterGhaafir the final revelation:Chapter Ghaafir of the final revelation: c;r f /r..3 .... jki #, ...,..1-111 ~f ~~ ...,..lf1, ~ ~ /fit f ".... :r.r JP~~I~ ~~ ~} ,-rt:jis,:,r,,*Lrr .... ... ,tiJl {~~~ {brH r creation the heavensand "Indeed, the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most creation most of mankind do not realize it." realize it." Quran 4A:57 Quran 40:57 The composition humanbeingsis far lesscomplex The composition of human beings is far less complexthan the composition the universein which they exist.than the composition of the universe in which they exist.However, very few peoplereflect on this reatity. BecauseHowever, very few people reflect on this reality. Becauseof the apparent supremacy humanbeingsover the otherof the apparent supremacy of human beings over the othercreatures on this earth, mans journeysthrough space and thecreatures this earth,mansjourneys throughspaceand the oncontinued advancement their technologyand knowledge,continued advancement of their technology and knowledge,humankindin everyagebecomes arrogant considershumankind in every age becomes arrogant and considers itself andthe greatestthing in this world. is worth noting that thethe greatest thing in this world. It is worth noting that the humankindsamazingdiscoveriesmajority of humankinds amazing discoveries are notmajority are notconcerningthe human being, but his surroundings.concerning the human being, but his surroundings. Thus,Thus,humaneffortstend be focusedon the material ratherhuman efforts tend to be focused on the material world rather
  • 16. f n P r r p r t 0/ C r " t t i The, Purpose " Creation "f trlt .-than humanbeings.In this verse,God bringshumanbeingsthan human beings. In this verse, God brings human beings backto their actualstatusin this world. Humankindis merelyback to their actual status in this world. Humankind is merely a smallpartof the existence that resultedfrom the miraculousa small part ofthe existence that resulted from the miraculous act of divine creation.Thus, in orderto understandact of divine creation. Thus, in order to understand why God why Godcreated mankind,one first needsto answerthe even morecreated mankind, one first needs to answer the even morefundamental questionof why God created.fundamental question of why God created.The CreatorThe Creator Creation is fundamentally consequence the divine the Creation is fundamentally the consequence of the divineattribute beingthe creator. creatorwho doesnot createattribute of being the Creator. A creator who does not createis something a contradictionin terms.This is not to sayis something of a contradiction in tenns. This is not to saythat God needsHis creation.God is free from all needs. isthat God needs His creation. God is free from all needs. It iscreation which needsHim. But, as the greatness a writercreation which needs Him. But, as the greatness of a writerbecomes apparent his writings, the perfectionof the divine inbecomes apparent in his writings, the perfection of the divinecreative attributeis manifest in creation.Creation the truecreative attribute is manifest creation. Creation in the truesenseis unique God alone.Although humans ascribe thesense is uniqueto God alone. Althoughhumans ascribe theact of creation themselves,act ofcreation to themselves, whatthey do is not true creation. what they not true creation.Humankind merelymanipulatesHumankind merely manipulates what alreadyexists-what what already exists-whatwas already created by God. A table is madefrom woodwas already created God. table is made woodwhich came from treesand is held togetherwith nails andwhich came trees and held together nails andscrewsmadefrom metalthatcamefrom rocks.Humanbeingsscrews made metal that came rocks. Human beingsdid not makethe treesorthe rocks.In fact, all humancreations make trees or the rocks. fact, human creationscan be tracedbackto basicelementscan be traced back basic elements which humanscannot which humans cannotmake.Eventhe artist ocreatesmake. Even artist creates designsbasedon what he has designs based hasseen. It is not possibleto imaginewhat hasnot beenperceivedseen. It is not possible to imagine what has not been perceivedby the the senses. Thus,all of the artists thoughtsare reflections Thus, all of the artists thoughts are reflectionson what was alreadycreated.Only God alone createsfromon what was already created. Only God alone creates from
  • 17. The Parpose of C.reation Purpose of Creation is incompreh~nsible tonothing.This basicfact was and still is incomprehEnsiblenothing. This basic fact was andsome. Some ancientas well as modernphilosophers,some. Someancient as as modern philosophers, who whocould comprehend God could createfrom nothing,could not comprehend how God could create from nothing,claimedthatthecreated world and its contents all originallyclaimed that the created world and its contents are all originally area part of GOd. 15 That is, according to them, God took a parta part of God.t That is, according them,God took a part is This conclusion basedof Himself and made the universe. This conclusion is basedof Himself and madethe universe. who canonly createby modiffingon comp~ngGodtoman, who can only create by modifyingon comparingGodtoman,what already exists. However, God,denies any suchwhat already exists. However, God, denies any suchcomparisons would givecomparisons which would give Him human limitations. In humanlimitations.Chapter ash-Shooraa of the final revelation, He states:Chapterash-Shooraa the final revelation, of states: { ~~JAJ~,~ ~ ~. ""i, ~ ;.~ __ {}*lr g;*lJr,rri,f br -l d } . ... } "There is nothing like Him and He is the AII- "There Him All- Hearer and the All-Seer." Quran 42:11 Quran 42: 11 Thus, the act creafionis a conSequence the divine Thus, the act of a consequence of the divine as theattribute of being the Creator. God describes Himself as theattribute beingthe Creatot.God describesCreator in a variety ofverses throughout the final revelation toCreator avariety ofversesthroughout final revelation theemphasize humankind everything that belongs to alone.emphasize to humankind that everything belongs to Him alone.ts This is also Hindu belief regarding the supreme reality. Brahman. InI! This is also Hindu regardingthe supremereality. Brahman. lnthe last (lOth) book of the Rigveda: in the "Hymn of the Cosmic Man"the last (lOth) book the Rr3neda: thein the Cosmic Man"(Purusasukta), is said that the universewas createdout the parts(PurusasukJa), it is said that the universe was created out of the parts ofthe body of a singlecosmicman (Ptrrursa) rvhenhis body was burned andthe body ofa single cosmic man (Purl/sa) when his body was burned anddismembered the primordial sacrifice.The tbur castesemergefrom hisdismembered at the primordial sacrifice. The four castes emerge from his atbody: the priest(Brahman)from the mouth.the wanior (Raianya)from thebody: the priest (Brahman) from the mouth. the warrior (Rajanya) from the (Vaisya)from the thighs.and the servant(Sudra)fromarms. the peasant (Vaisya) from the thighs. and the servant (Sudra) fromarms. the peasant Britannica,vol. 20. p. 531).the legs. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 20. p. 53 I ).the legs.(The NewEncltclopaedia
  • 18. l-L The Purpose ofCreation of Creation _ _ {~J ~~ JS" Js. JA J~~ Y ~~ ~l} "Allah is the Creator of all things and He is the "Allah Creator of agent on which all things depend." agent things depend." Quran 39:62 Quran 39:62 {~P~J~~IJ} tt;,;; ur;35iiii,rry "And Allah created you all and whatever you do." "And Allnh crested Quran 37:96 Quran 37:96 Man needs realizethat nothingtakesplace in this Man needs to realize that nothing takes place in thisuniversewithout the permission God. seekprotectionuniverse without the permission of God. To seek protection seek acquire good from any sourceotherfrom evil or to seek to acquire good from any source otherfrom many peoplethan God is a major mistake. Due to ignorance, many peoplethan God is a major mistake.Due ignorance,attempt avoid misfornrneand gain good fortune throughattempt to avoid misfortune and to gain good fortune througha variety of charmsand amulets,astrology,palmistry, etc.a variety of channs and amulets, astrology, palmistry, etc.Consequently, in the final revelation, Chapter al-Falaq, GodConsequently, the final revelation, Chapteral-Falaq, Godinforms hum~n beings to·seek refuge-in God from evil:informs humanbeingsto.seekrefugrin God from evil: ty 6? u P,qrtiiy} "Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the dawn, from seek Lord the evil of what He has created." of what has Quran n113:1-22 Qura I l3:1- Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good.He created Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good. He createda world which evil goodcan be doneby beings whoma world in which evil or good can be done by beings to whom gavethis ability. However,no evil good can take placeHe gave this ability. However. no evil or good can take placein this world withoutthe permission God..Thisis whyin this world without the permission of God .. This is why itis futile turn to othersbesides help and futile to turoto others besides God for help and protection. God
  • 19. The Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creation - n7l __ {~ IJb~ ~1 r:,o~ ~ y~i La} {i 11.,.*=.a -t:ei 6) a " 9i9 "" ,,~ -" "No calamity strikes except "No calamity strikes except by Allahs permission" permission" Quran,n64: :III Qura 64 l . The final prophet of God, Muhammad (~), further The final prophet God, Muhammad(ffi), furrherelaborated on this concept, saying, "Be aware that if the whole elaborated this concept,saying,"Be owore that if the whole on mankindgatheredtogetherto do something help you.of mankind gathered together to do something to help you, they only be able to dothey would only be able to do somethingfor you which Alloh u,hichAllahhad already written for you: Likewise. if the whole ofmankind had already writtenfor you: Likewise,f the whole of mankindgathered together to harm you, theygathered together to harm you, they would only be able to be able do something harmdo something to harm you which Allah had already written Allah ,,16tto happen to you. o happento yott."t6The The ForgivingThe Merciful, The Forgiving In the creation humankirrd, divineattributes In the creation of humankind, the divine attributes of the offorgiveness, mercyandkindness alsomanifested. Human areforgiveness, mercy and kindness are also manifested. Humanbeings were created good and pure with a naturalawarenessbeings were created good and pure a natural awareness goodandevil. The Almighty alsocreated humans desires.of good and evil. The Almighty also created in humans in desires,and gavethem an ability controlthose desires accordingand gave them an ability to control thosedesires accordingto divine law to turn them looseand follow them divine law or to tum them loose and follow them blindly.God created mankind knowing that they would disobeyHim.God created mankindknowingthatthey would disobey Him.Consequently, Hetaughthumanbeings,Consequently, He taught human beings, beginning beginning with Adam, Adam,how to repent and therebypurifo themselves their repent and thereby purify themselves of of sins.Adam and Eve represent a patternfor all mankindto follow.Adam and Eve represent pattern a mankind1616 Reported by Abbaasand collected Reported by Abbaas and collectedby at-Tirmithee at-Tirmi!hee and authenticated and authenticatedin Saheeh. Sunan at-Tirmi!flee, vol. 2.pp. $afueefoSunan at-Tirmifuee, 2. pp. 308-9. no. 2043. vol.
  • 20. I -^ L The Purpose 0/ Creation of Crcation UThey forgot the commandment God, and Satan playedonThey forgot the commandment of God, and Satanplayed on of desires. After they had disobeyedtheir desires. they had disobeyed God, they turnedback God, they turned back repentance, He forgavethem.In humankinds andto Him in repentance, and He forgave them. In humankindsdisobedience turningback God in repentance, divinedisobedience and turning backto God in repentance, the divine and the and infinite mercy becomeattributes of total forgiveness and infinite mercy becomeattributesof total forgivenessmanifest. The final Prophet (~) informed his followers of thismanifest. (x;) The final Prophet informedhis followers thisreality, saying, "Ifyou did not commit sins and turn to Allah,reality, saying,"lf commit sins turn Allah.seeking His forgiveness, He would have replaced you withseeking forgiveness, He haveanother people who would sin, ask Allahs forgivenessandanother people who sin, ask forgivenessHe wouldforgive them. ,,17 Every one of the 114 Chapters ofHe would.forgive them."t Everyone the ll4 Chapters of exceptone,begins with the prayer,"lnthe final revelation, except one, begins with the prayer, "Inthe final revelation,the name Allah,the Beneficent Most Merciful."Allahs thethe name of Allah, the Beneficent the Most Merciful." Allahsattributes mercyand forgiveness stressed encourage are toattributes of mercy and forgiveness are stressed to encouragehumansnot fall into despair. matterhow greatthe sinshumans not to fall into despair. No matter how great the sins may be,God can forgivethem if manturnsof human beings may be, God can forgive them ifman turns humanbeingsback to Him in sincere repentance. The Messenger (~) wasback in sincere repentance. Messenger was The (x)quotedassaying,"When createdthe universe, made Hequoted as saying, "When Allah created the universe, He madean obligation on [recordedJ documentkept byan obligation on Himself [recorded} in a document kept byHim: mercysupersedes mywrqtfr."l8He wasalsoreponedHim: My mercy supersedes my wrath." 18 He was also reportedto have said,"[Allah createdJmercyv,ith one hundredparts,to have said, "[Allah created} mercy with one hundred of whichwas sentdown upan thejinn, humanbeingsandone ofwhich was sent down upon thejinn. human beings andather beings. is out oJthisone that they loveother living beings. It is out ofthis one part that they love eventhe animalseach other, show kindness to each other and even the animalseach other, showkindnessto eachothertreat lheir ffipring affiction. has reservedthetreat their offspring with affection. Allah has reserved the17" Sohih Muslint,vol. 4. pp. 6621. reportedby Aboo Ayyoob Sahih Muslim. vol. 4. pp. 1435-6. no. 6621. reported by Aboo Sahih Muslim, vo!. 4. p. 1437. no. 6628. reported by Aboo Hurayrah.18 SohihMuslint,vol.4. p,6628.reported Aboo Hurayrah. by
  • 21. I L The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Creation _remaining ninety-nineremammg ninety-nine parts for His true worshippers on the for His true worshipperson theDay ofResurrection. ,,19eDay of Resurr ect i on." I Had Allah wished,He could havecreated Had Allah wished, He could have created mankind like mankind likeangels,incapable committingsin. However,that was notangels, incapable of committing sin. However, that was notHis wish, as He had alreadyHis wish, as He had already created angels. Human beings created angels. Humanbeingswere created capable makingmistakeswere created capable of making mistakes and when they and when theyrealize their errors and seekCods forgiveness, divinerealize their errors and seek Gods forgiveness, the divine theattributes mercy and forgivenessattributes of mercy and forgiveness become manifest. becomemanifest.SupremeJusticeSupreme Justice In thejudgment mankindat the end this world, In the judgment of mankind at the end of this world,Gods attributes supreme justiceand fairnessGods attributes of supreme justice and fairness also become alsobecomemanifest. Basedon His infinite knowledge,manifest. Based on His infinite knowledge, God could have God could havecreatedall members the humanracewho werecreated all members of the human race who were to live onlive onearthand immediately placedsome them in paradise andearth and immediately placed some of them in paradise andthe remainder hell.Beforecreatingman,Allah alreadyknew inthe remainder in hell. Before creating man, Allah already knewwhat choices theywould makein this life, what provision andwhat choices they would make in this life, what provisionandopportunities would give them, and in what state of beliefopportunities He would give them,and in what state belief He of disbelief they would die. Therefore, one sense it couldor disbelief they would die. Therefore, in one sense could inbe said that some peoplewere created paradisebe saidthat somepeople were created for paradise and others and others hell. Aaishah, of the Prophet Muhammad (~),for hell. Aaishah, wife of the ProphetMuhammad(*g),quoted him as saying,"Dontquoted him as saying, "Dont you lcnou,know that Allah created that createdparadise and hell, and He crealed inhabitants for each?"2o hell, created inhabitants for each?,,20If God had immediatelyIf God had immediately placedthoseheaded paradise placed those headed for paradise inparadise,paradise, they would not question they would not question Gods decision. Gods decision. Thosein Thoset n I b i d . .v o l . 4 . p 1 4 3 7 .19 Ibid .. vol. 4. p. 1437. n o . 663 I. .reported d y A b o o H u r a y r a h . no. 6 6 3 1 r e p o r t e b Aboo Hurayrah. byt o I b i d . .v o l . 4 . p20 Ibid .. vol. 4. p. 1 4 0 0 . o . 6 4 3 5 . 1400. n 6435. no.
  • 22. The Purpose of Crestion The Purpose ofCreation paradise would happilyaccept everlasting of blissandparadise would happily accept an everlasting life of bliss and an life be thankful that they were not placedin helr. However,thosebe thankful that they were not placed in hell. However, those immediately placedin hell would askwhy. They would feelimmediately placed in hell would ask why. They would feel a sense unfairness to their ignorance what theywould of duea sense ofunfaimess due to their ignorance of what they would of have done had they lived on earth. Those in hell wouldhave done had they lived on earth.Thosein hell would relentlesslyarguethat had they beengiven a chanceto liverelentlessly argue that had they been given a chance to live out their lives on earth, they would have believed and don~out their liveson earth,they would haveberieved done and righteousdeeds. consequently,righteous deeds. Consequently, Allah allows human beings Allah allowshumanbeingsto live out their Iiveson earthand makeall the choicesto live out their lives on earth and make all the choices they theywould havemade, thateveryone sowould have made, so that everyone who enters hell will know who enters heil knowthat theychose by themselves. hell Theythat they chose hell by themselves. They will recognize Gods recognize Godsmercy in their lives and acknowledge their sin in rejectingmercy in their livesandacknowledge their sin in rejectingHis signs andguidhnce.His signs and guidance. A.nd they will accept His judgment Ad they accept judgment Hisas being just and beyond reproach. However, they will stillas beingjust and beyondreproach.However. they sti IIbeg for anotherbeg for another chance to do good in this world. as cod says chance do good in this world, as God says toin Chapter as-Sajdaft the Quran:in Clrapter of the Quran: as-Sajdah of l-i~ ~~;.f~ ~ ~;~ r j-{ri iyr+.Jr it s; "f:} t-i;di drr+r+#;, I;...fU ~;~,~! l.S} Jf~} t rrti 6tvta,1;;; { ~A; If! ~~ ~ grti t:;;, / ~~~ ~~ / "If only you could see[the timel when the sinners "If see lthe time) when the sinners will bow their headsbefore their Lord, [sayingf, will their heads before their Lord, [saying], tour Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back and we will do righteous deeds,Verily; we us back and we will do righteous deeds. Verily; we now believewith certaintv. "" now believe with certainty. Quran, 32: 12 Quran,32:12
  • 23. Purpose of Creation The Purpose o[Crestion r However, if Allah were to sendthem backto this world However, if were send them backhaving forgottenwhat they hadseenof hell, they would againhaving forgotten whatthey had seen of hell, they againchoose evil and end up in hell as before.God spokeaboutchoose and end as before. God spoke aboutthis in Chapteral-Anaaml Chapter ai-An aam: ... " {iJ;~~ ~!J ~ I ... * {iji,iJ d* w i# e iririiitrir11 • 0.1 ~ J~Al J~) JlJ} .. C/I A ~ ...... "But if they were returned [to this worldl they "But if [to world], would certainly go backlo what was forbidden to what thelD. they liars." them. Indeed thev are liars." Quran, 6:28 Quran,6:28Divine Love Gods love is manifestin beingsbroughtinto existence, Gods love is manifest in beings brought into existence, disbeliever, enjoy life, if onlywhether believer or disbeliever, to enjoy life, if only for awhether believer abrief moment. It i~ also realized in the creation moment. is also realizedin the creation paradise of paradise thosewho chooserighteousness evil. over statesinfor those who choose righteousness over evil. Allah states in that He lovesthosewho do good(5:13),the final revelation that He loves those who do good (5: 13),the final revelation (5:42),thosewho are pious(9:4), thosethose who are just (5:42), those who are pious (9:4), thosethose who arewho are patient(3:146),those put their trustwho are. patient (3: 146), those who put their trust in Him in repentance(3: 159), those who frequently tum to Him in repentance and(3:159), thosewho frequentlyturn to andthose who puriff themselves (2:222).However, is He whothose who purify themselves (2:222). However, it is He whohas definedfor humanbeingsthroughthe scriptures the andhas defined for human beings through the scriptures and the prophets what is good,just and pious.ConseQuently,prophets what is good, just and pious. Consequently, thosethosewho follow the prophets mostbelovedto God.ln Chapterwho follow the prophets are most beloved to God. In Chapter are lmraan, Allah instructedProphetMuhammad(#E) sayAal Imraan, Allah instructed Prophet Muhammad- (~) to say tothe following to the believers:the following to the believers: "3r-;ei"-t {~j~ ~ ~J ~ ~::;.,; ~~~ ~, ~ kJ ~ ~!} li"$;il ,rrt:hr oi7.r;r bll t&;i
  • 24. fh" P"rprt" rf Crettir, The Purpose ofCreation WI _ 65If you really love Allah, "If you really love Allah, follow me and Allah will follow me and Allah witl you and forgive your sins." loveyou and forgive your sins." love Quran n3 : 3I Q u r a 3:31 The prophetsshould be followed not only in the The prophets should be followed not only in the compulsoryacts ordained by God, but also in their eagerness compulsory actsordainedby God, but also in their eagerness to do acts of voluntary worship. to do acts of voluntary worship. The love of God is also manifestin His mercyand The love of God is also manifest in His mercy and blessings which He grantsfo thosewho deserve blessings which He grants fo those who deserve them as well them as well as thosewho do not. But, is particurarry as those who do not. But, it is particularly manifest in His manifestin His willingnessto forgive the sins whomsoever willingness to forgive the sins of whomsoever turns to Him turnsto Him in sincererepentance. From the creation Adam and Eve, in sincere repentance. From the creation of Adam and Eve, repentancewas granted to them erasetheir sins as an repentance was granted to them to erase their sins as an example to all human beings who would follow them into example all humanbeingswho would them into this world. this world. No matterhow great humansins rnaybecome, matter how greathuman sinsmay become, the the door for sincere repentance door sincere repentance remainsopen until the lastday remains open until the last day of this world. AnasquotedAllahs Messenger as saying, (~) of this world. Anas quoted Allahs Messenger (#) as saying, "Allah. the Almighty, has said.-O son of Adam, as long as the has said: 0 son ofAdam,you call on Me and ask of Me, I will forgive what you hate you call ask ofMe, I will forgive have done, and II do not mind. O son of Adam. evenif your sins done, mind. 0 son ofAdam. even ifyour sins reachedthe cloudsandyou askedIrIyforgiveness,II witt reached clouds andyou asked My forgiveness, willforgive forgiveyou. O son of Adam, ,f you came to Me with sins nearly as you. 0 son ofAdam, ifyou came to Me with sins nearly asgreat as the earth and you met Me without giving Me partners, great as the earth andyou met Me without Me partners,II will give you a similar amountofforgiveness."2l will give you a similar amount offorgiveness. ,,212f21 collected by at-Tirmithee and authenticatedin galre Collected by at-Tirmi!hee and authenticated in Sab.eeb. Sunan at- elt sunan at-Tirmilhee,vol. 3. pp. 175-6. no. 2805.Tirmifhee, vol. 3. pp. 175-6. no. 2805.
  • 25. The Purpose ofCreation GraceDivine Grace paradise, they will not enter it solely based As forthose in pmadise, will enter solely basedon their good deeds.It is the graceof God that will ultimately good deeds. It grace of will ultimately Prophetof Allah (#) said in thiscarry them there.The final Prophet ofcarry them there. The (~) saidregard, "Try your best to do right, and be l*ppy. For noneregard, "Try your best be happy. For nonewill enterparadise onlybecause hisdeeds."His companionswill enterparadise only because of ofhis deeds. " companionssaid, "0 Messenger Allah! Not even you?" He replied,"Notsaid, "O Messenger of Allah! of evenyou?" He replied, "Noteven I, unless Attah envelops me in His mercy and gtace.z2even I, unless Allah envelopsme His mercy grace. 22 Allah oneAnd bear in mind that the deed most loved by Allah is one thst the deed mostdone constantly, even though it is small."Z3However, Godsdone constantly,eventhough small. ,,23 However, arbitrary. is basedon both correct faith andgrace is not arbitrary. It is based on both correct faith andgrace is Imraan,righteous deeds. In Chapter Aal Imraan, Allah says:righteousdeeds. ChapterAill says: t JoHl,i ~::. I~ ~~ ,f q.Aipai y-alu. ",iI ~! ~~ ~ e#urrv : ; J ~~f ;:..s. ill f ;J~ ~~ :;} "q {iiru r p; ,+r+ {~J~Hal ~ ;.A ~ J "Whoever brings a good deed, will have [the "Whoever brings will [the an deed value of] ten like it, and whoever brings an evil deed ofl and be punished one and they will will only be punished with one like it, and they will will not be wronged." be Qurann6 :1600 Q u r a 6: 1 6 WereGodtohold humankind account to strictly,no ones Were God to hold humankind to account strictly, no ones would outweightheir evil deeds. However,Godgood deeds would outweigh their evil deeds. However, Godgood deedshas manifested graceby multiplyingthe value goodhas manifested His grace by multiplying the value of good Hisdeeds,while keeping evil deeds their facevalue. It is bydeeds, while keeping evil deeds at their face value. It is by at22 Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. p. 1473. no. 6765. reported by Aboo Hurayrah.22 Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, p. 6765.reportedby Aboo Hurayrah.23" Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, pp 6770.reported by Aaishah. Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. pp. 1473-4. no. 6770. reported by "Aaishah.
  • 26. The Purpose 0/ Creation - I 241 Il the graceof God that the true believersenter paradise.Thisthe grace of God that the true believers enter Paradise. This doesnot mean that deeds have no fO,le. Deeds have a majordoes not meanthat deedshaveno role. Deedshavea major role, but they are not the deciding factor. Gods gracerole, but they are not the deciding factor. Gods grace outweighsthem.outweighs them. Consequently,the creationof humanbeings,the errors Consequently, the creation of human beings, the errors that they make and the good that they do are all circumstancesthat they makeandthe goodthat they do are all circumstances for the manifestation of Gods attributes of mercyandfor the manifestation of Gods attributes of mercy and forgiveness, attributeofjustice and His attributeof grace. Hisforgiveness, His attribute ofjustice and His attribute of grace. Humankind should not question why God choseto Humankind should not question why God chose tomanifest His attributesin this way. can only be assumedmanifest His attributes in this way. It can only be assumedthat this was the bestway, becausethat this was the best way, because Allah describes Himself as describes asbeing the wise and thebeing the Most Wise and the Most Knowledgeable. Humans Knowredgeable. Humanscan only understand what Allah chooses reveal them.can only understand what Allah chooses to reveal to them. to c?i*# {",ia ~!~~<~~~~~} {~~ ~ lr +dr r;} "They will only encompassof His trnor"hAge what "They will encompass of knowledge what He wishes." Quran 2:255 Quran 2:255 Thus, theyshould not try to equatethemselves Thus, they should equate themselves with God. God.If He hastold humankind If has humankind why He decidedto do somerhing, decided something,it is not for them to questionwhy He decidedto decide.such it is not for them to question why He decided to decide. Suchquestionsare without end andthus beyondhuman scope.It questions are without end and thus beyond human scope. Itis theywho will be questionedon the Day of Judgmentabout is they who will be questioned on the Day of Judgment abouttheir actionsandintentions andnot He.In chapteral-Ambiyaa,their actions and intentionsand not He. In Chapter al-Ambiyaa,Allah addresses point:Allah addresses this point: this {.jU"Ji,W_6itu"t}
  • 27. The Purpose of Creation ofCreation "He cannot be questioned as to what He does,while "IIe questioned as what does, while questioned." they will be questioned." Quran. 21 l:23 3 Quran,2 :2 In this regard Prophet Muhammad (~) was reported by this regardProphetMuhammad(*) was reported Abbaasto have said, "Reflect on the creation ofAllah butIbn Abbaas havesaid,"Reflecton the creation of AIIahdo not reflect on Allah."2oTo reflect on the reality of Allah isdo reflect on Allah. ,,24 reflect on the reality of Alldh is reflect on the infinite. And, as the mind boggles whento reflect on the infinite. And, as the mind boggleswhen itreflects on the of the universeandthe galaxiesandreflects on the limits of the finite universe and the galaxies andstars within it, it will be more confounded when it attemptsstars it, be more confounded when attemptsto understand the uncreated. The Prophet (~) warned that the the understand uncreated. The Prophet(ff) warnedthat thesatanic forceswould seek introduce doubtsin the heartssatanic forces would seek to introduce doubts in the hearts questions aboutGod.of the believers by raising unanswerable questions about God. the believers raisingunanswerable byAboo Hurayrah related that Allah sMesseng~r (~) said,Aboo Hurayrah relatedthat Allahs Messenger said, (S)"Sstan will come everyoneof you ask: Who"Satan will come to everyone ofyou and ask: Who createdthis and that?-until he questions: Who created your Lord?this that?-until he questions; WhocreatedWen he comes that, one should seekrefugeWhen he comes to that, one should seek refuge in Allah [say: fsay:I ffirm my faith in and HisprophetsJ25 avoid1 affirm my faith in Allah and His prophets)25 and avoid and[such thoaghts]. ,,26[such thofrghtsJ."26ta Collected by Aboo NU}liym in gl-lf.ilyah and authenticated by al-24 Collected by Aboo Nugym inql-Hiah and authenticated al- byAlbaanee in Silsilah al-A!l.aadeeth a~-S.a!l.eebah, vol. 4. p. 12. no. 1788.Albaanee in Silsilahal-Aftaadeeth as--Sakeehah, 4. p 12. no. | 788, vol. Umar collectedby ag-JabamaneeThere is also a similar narrationfiom IbnThere is also a similar narration from Ibn Umar collected bya!-Iabaraaneein al-Awsaland al-Bayhaqee .Sftuabin al-Awsa{ and al-Bayhaqee in Shu ab al-Eemaan. in al-Eemaan.25 SahihMttslim,vol. l- p 77. nos.242 &.2,43.25 Sahih Muslim, vol. L p. 77. nos. 242 & 243.u lbid., vol. l, p. 77. no. 244 andSahihAl-BuWnri, vol. 4, p. 320, no, 496.26 Ibid., vol. 1, p. 77. no. 244 and Sahih AI-Bukhari, vol. 4, p. 320~ no. 496.
  • 28. rt The Purpose of Creation ofCreation il Why Did God Create Mankind? God Create RO~ TF{E PERSPECTTVE HUMANKIND, noM THE PERSPECTIVE OF HUMANKIND, THEFT.tI F{ qUESTION what purpose did God createman?" implies QUESTION "Why did God create man?" implies "For wasman created?" the final revelation, ln what purpose was man created?" In the final revelation,this question is answered without any ambiguity.Humansthis question is answered without any ambiguity. Humans informed God that every humanbeing is bornare first informed by God that every human being is bornarewith an innate consciousness of God. In Chapter al-A raq/~ an innateconsciousness God. Chapteral-Araq/: ofAllah said:Allah said: ~ itA¥) ~~~ ~?~ ~ ~;~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~!)} JF:qli; ilJrl e:*b i;; .F b {; ;;f i11} ~ It ~lii, . , i. ~:: ~i lr -~ i: i .l . ~~, ~- · i·fi;;i ~ - rrlfbf ~~ iii &t U*ti ~fi ei *l y[ilr ~Jt y~ *y -,r,. r-l:............,~. y ,.-^{r::t g, ,F b u;qtl Gl jrrtig#,vt:,^ ~ i;~~ ~~ Jj ~ uJ1i~ ~~i Wl ij~ ~i ~~ ,lA :f !-hi f { ~ ~i, v- ~: ~i· ~ .It..·~ {ii9Ir ,;i - ~,. "[Rememberl "l,w:k#!tb$ "[Remember) when your Lord extracted from the Lord extracted loins of Adams children their descendants and loins children descendants and made them Am made -them testify [saying]: Am I not your Lord? L,ord? [sayingl: They said: Yes, They said: Yes, we testify to it. [This was) in testify [This was] say on the Day Judgment: We were case you say on the Day of Judgment: We were case unaware this.t Or you say: tlt was unaware of this. Or you say: It was our ancestors ancestors who worshipped others besides God and we are worshipped others besidesGod and are • descendants.Will you then destroy us only their descendants. Will you then destroy us for what those liars did?" thoseliars did?" Quran,7:172-3 Qur an, 7: 172-3
  • 29. The Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creation The Prophet (~) explained that when Allah created Adam, The Prophet(#) explained thatwhenAllah created Adam,He took from him a covenant a placecalledNamaanonHe took from him a covenant at a place called Namaan on atthe 9th day 7 ofthe 12th month. He then extracted from Adamthe fth dut of the 12thmonth.He then exffactedfrom Adamall of his descendants would be born until the end whoall of his descendants wltowould be born until the end ofthe world, generationafter generation,the world, generation after generation, and spread them out and spreadthem outbefore to take a covenantfrom them also.He spokebefore Him to take a covenant from them also. He spoke tothem, face to face, making them bearwitnessthat He wasthem, face to face, making them bear witness that He wastheir Lord. 28 Consequently, every human being is responsibletheir Lord.z8 Consequently, eveiy humanbeingis responsiblefor belief in God, which is imprintedon eachand every soul.for belief in God, which is imprinted on each and every soul. is based this inborn on that Allah definedthe purposeIt is based on this inborn belief that Allah defined the purpose humankindscreationin Chapteragh-Thaariyaat:of humankinds creation in Chapter ath- Thaariyaat: {IJJ"w ~l ~~I) ~ ~ I.A)} {ir:**l 1! .r"!lt ;,+Jtc-il+ r.1} ttl did not create the jinn2eand the humankind "I create jinn?9 except they should except that they, should worship Me." Qurann5 l :56 Q u r a 51 : 5 6 Thus, the essential Thus, the essential purposefor whiclr humankindwas purpose which humankind wascreated is the worship of God. However, thecreated is the worship of God. However,the Almighty is not is need humanworship. He did not create human beingsin need of human wors[rip.He did not createhumanbeings1727 Known as the day of Arafaat. as the day of Arafaat.2t Collected28 Collected by Almad and authenticated Siisi/ah al-Ahaadeetha§.- Ahmad and authenticated in Silsilah al-A!laadeeth as-$.a!!lah. vol.4,p. 158,no. 1623.$afteefuah, vol:4, p. 158, no. 1623.2e The;inn are29 Thejinn are a classof invisible rationalbeings created class invisible rational beings created by God from theelementsof fire. They were endowedby God with free will, like mankind.elements offire. They were endowed God free will, mankind.Consequently,Consequently, some of them are righteousbelievers and othersare evil some of them are righteous believers and others aredisbelievers.disbelievers. The evil among them are commonlycalleddemons.evil The among them are commonly called demons. evilspirits,devils.etc.spirits, devils. etc.
  • 30. Purpose ofCreation The Parpose of Creationout of a needon His part.If not a singlehumanworshipped of need on part. If not single human worshippedGod, it would not diminish His glory in any w&], and if allGod, diminish any way, and ifof mankind ~orship~ed Him, it would not increase gloryof mankindworshipp.ed would not increase Hisin any way. God is perfect. He aloneexistswithout any any way. God is perfect. He alone exists without any beings have needs. Consequently, isneeds. All created beingshaveneeds.needs.All created Consequently, it ishumankindthat needs worshipGod.humankind that needs to worship God.The Meaning of Worship Meaning understand why humanbeingsneedto worship God, To understand human beings need worship God, what is meant theterm must first understand what is meant by the term worship.onemustfirst understand worship comes from the Old EnglishThe English term worship comesfrom the Old EnglishThe English termweorthscipe meaninghonor. Consequently, worship in theweorthscipe meaning honor. Consequently, worship in the the performance devotional ofEnglish language definedasEnglish language is defined as the performance of devotional is manacts in honor of a deity. ,30 According to this meaning, manacts honor a deity.30Accordingto this meaning,is instructed to ~how gratitude to God by glorifying Him. Inis instructed show gratitude God glorifuingChapter an-Na~r of the final revelation, Allah says:Chapter an-Na;r the final revelation, Allah says: {drh#l "Glorify the praises your "Glorify the praises of your Lord." Quran l0:3 I Quran 110:3 to gloriffing God, man chooses be harmony In glorifying God, man chooses to be in harmony the rest creationwhich naturallyglorifies itswith the rest of creation which naturally glorifies itsCreator. addresses this phenomenon manyCreator. Allah addresses this phenomenon in manychapters of the Quran. For example, in Chapter al-lsraa,chapters the Quran.For example,in Chapteral-Israa,Allah states: states:3o The Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary. p. 1148.30 The Living lhebster Encltclopedic Dictionarrr, p. I 148
  • 31. The Purpose ofCreation ThePurposeof Creation ;! ~~ ~ ~!j ~ :;j ~~~j ~ ~J~ ;j ilJ] rl :F tt)4 c1,iost[Ir Lr3ttr rt ~} "y { ~ ~ JfMi ~ ~J" tiithJ-J rtitir r l5[ o~:~, " " • ~ , :".~ ". ~I , ", 1F|#- *The seyen heavens "The seven heavens and the earth and whatever eerth whatever is in them glorify Him and there is nothing which is glorify Him does not glorify His praise.31 However, you do not does glorify preise. Howeyer, understand their glorification." their glorification. Quran, 17:44 Quran, 17:44 However, in Arabic, the language of the final revelation, However, Arabic, the language the of revelation,worship is called ibaadah,whichis closelyrelated theworship is called ibaadah, which is closely related to the abd,meaninga slave. slaveis onenoun abd, meaning a slave. A slave is one who is expected expectednounto do whatever his master wills. Consequently, worship, do whatever his master Consequently, worship,accordingtothe revelation,meaas obedient submissionaccording to the final revelation, meaas obedient submissionto the will of God. This was the essence of the message of the will of God. was the essence the message of of the prophetssent God humankind.all the prophets sent by God to humankind. For example, this example,understanding of worship was emphatically expressedunderstanding of worship was emphatically expressed byProphet Jesus the Gospelaccording Matthew, 7:21,Prophet Jesus in the Gospel according to Matthew, 7:21, me Lord will enter the kingdom"None of those who call me Lord will enter the kingdom"None of those whoof God, the one does the wiII ofof God, but only the one who does the will of my Father in Fatherheaven." It should be noted that -will in this quote meansheaven." should be notedthat.will quote means what God wants human beings and not what Godwhat God wants human beings to do and not what Godpermits humans to do, becausepermits humans to do, because nothing happens in creation nothinghappens creation (permission) God. The Will of God iswithout the will (permission) of God. The Will of God iswithout thecontained in the divinely revealed laws which the prophetscontained in the divinely revealed laws which the prophets3t The thunder is described as glorifying God in 13: 13, the day and night31 The thunder is describedas glori$ing God l3:13. the day andin 2 t :20 and the mountains 38: 21:20 and the mountains in 38:18.
  • 32. l-^t The of Creation The Purpose ofCreation I tt! I _taught their followers. Consequently,taught their followers. Consequently, obedience to divine obedience divine tolaw is the foundation worship.[n this sense, glorificationlaw is the foundation of worship. In this sense, glorificationalso becomes worshipwhen humanschoose obey Godsalso becomes worship when humans choose to obey Gods toinstructions regardingHis glorification.instructions regarding His glorification.The Need WorshipThe Need for Worship Why do humanbeingsneedto worshipandglorifo God Why do human beings need to worship and glorify Godby obeyingthe divinely revealed laws?Becauseby obeying the divinely revealed laws? Because obedience obedienceto divine law is the key to success this life andthe divine law is the key to success in this life and the next. inThe first human beings,Adam and Eve, were createdinThe first human beings, Adam and Eve, were created inparadiseand laterexpelledfrom paradise disobeyingparadise and later expelled from paradise for disobeyingthe divine law. The only way for humanbeings returnthe divine law. The only way for human beings to return toparadise is by obedience,to law. Jesus, Messiah, theparadise is by obedience. to the law. Jesus, the Messiah, was the wasreported in the Gospelaccording Matthew havemadereported in the Gospel according to Matthew to have madeobedience to the divine laws the key to paradise: Now behold,obedience thedivine lawsthe key to paradise: Now behold, Goodone came and said to him. Good teacher, what good thingone came him, teacher, may have " So heshall I do that I may have eternal life? "So he said to him, him, "Why. "Why do you call me good? No one is good but One, that call me good? one is One,is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep theri, God. if you enter into life,commandments. ,32 Also in Matthew 5: 19, JesusChristcommandments.82 Also in Matthew 5:19,Jesus Christwas reported to have insistedon strict obedience thewas reported have insisted on strict obedience to thecommandments, saying,"Whoevertherefore breala one ofcommandments, saying," Whoever" thereforebreaks one ofthe least of thesecommandments, teachesmen so, shallthe least ofthese commandments, and teaches men so,be the kingdom ofheaven; whoever doesbe called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does teaches them, he be the kingdomand teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdomof heaven."ofheaven."3r Matthew l9:16-17(RSV).32 Matthew 19: 16-17 (RSV).
  • 33. ofCreation The Purpose of Creation Divine laws representguidance for humankindin all laws represent guidance humankind aUwalks of life. They define right and wrong for them and offerwalks of life. They define and wrong them andhuman beings com~ete systemgoverning all ofhuman beingsa comp{etesystem governingatl of their afflairs. affairs.The Creator alone knows bestwhat is beneficialfor HisThe Creator alone knows best what is beneficialcreation and what is not. The divine laws commandandcreation and what not. The laws command andprohibit variousacls and substances protectthe humanprohibit various acts and substances to protect the human harm. In orderspirit, the human body and humansociety from harm.ln orderspirit, the humanbody and human societyfor human beings to fulfill their potentialby living righteousfor humanbeings their potential living righteouslives, they need to worship God throughobedience Hislives, they need worship God through obedience tocommandments.commandments.Remembrance of GodRemembrance God All ofthe various acts of worship contained in the divine ofthevariousactsofworshipcontained the divinelaws are designed to help humans remember God. It is naturallaws aredesigned help humansremember God. is natural forget eventhe most importantfor human beings to sometimes forget even the most important humanbeings sometimesthings.. Humans often become so engrossed in fulfilling theirthings..Humansoften becomeso engrossed that they totally forgettheir spiritualneeds.material needs that they totally forget their spiritual needs.material needsRegular prayer is ordainedto organizethe day of the trueRegular prayer is ordained to organize the day of the truebeliever around the remembrance God. interweavesbeliever around the remembrance of God. It interweavesspiritual needs with materialneeds a daily basis.The onspiritual needs with material needs on a daily basis. The and sleepis linked to the dailyregular daily need to eat, work and sleep is linked to the dailyregular daily needto eat, to renewmans connection with God. With regardtoneed to renew mans connection with God. With regard to need regular prayer, states the final revelation,Chapterregular prayer, Allah states in the final revelation, ChapterIaahaa:laahaa:
  • 34. The Puroose Creation The Purpose of Creation I 32 I .- "Verily, I am Allah, there is no God beside Me, "Verily, is no beside so worrhip and establish so worship Me and establish regular prayer for My remembra~ce." My remembrance." Quran 20: 14 Quran 20:14 Regardingfasting, Regarding fasting, Allah stated in Chapter a/-Baqarah: stated Chapteral-Baqarah: .iil i~ J W" ~ ~ ~{Jt6 iirvd/lr ft- } ,y u$t Ji.-,?,;i ~ - ~., ~,J., ~ ., 0# • iUttr ~ol~ J ~~ . .iiI ~I.i} J*" ,J., *{{ {~);J~~ ttfrtsiiF$ "0 you who believe! Fasting has been prescribed "O believe! has been for you as it was prescribed for those before you as it those that you may become God-conscious." becomeGod-conscious." Qurann : 1 8 3 Q u r a 2:183 2 encouraged rememberGodas much The believers are encouraged to remember God as much The believersareas possible. Although, moderation iri spheres life, whetheras possible. Although, moderation in all spheres of life. whether ofmater~al or spiritual,is generally encouraged in divine law, anmaterial spiritual~ is generallyencouraged divine law, anexception is maderegardingthe remembranceexception is made regarding the remembrance of Allah. It is of is impossible remembervirtually impossible to remember God too much. Consequently, God much.Consequently,in the final revelation, Chapter al-A!lzaab, Allah encourages the revelation, Chapteral-AfuzaaD, encourages God as often as possible:the believers remember God as often as possible:the believers to remember {r-*r-)~ ~I i/t~1 i~~ ~~ ~~} {IJ# ri, l,rrSitiF;*JJdq} *O believers! Remember Allah "0 believers! Rememb-erAltah often." .. Q u r a n33:41 4 1 Quran, , 3 3 : ofGod is stressed because is generally RemembranceGodis stressed Remembrance of because sinis generally sincommitted whenGodis forgotten. forces evil operatecommitted when God is forgotten. Theforces of evil operate The
  • 35. rn" t - a r The Purpose ofCreation I"y,f: "tCrrun" _ ..- I tt r most freelywhenconsciousness God is lost.Consequently,most freely when consciousness ofGod is lost. Consequently, ofthe satanic forces seek to occupy peoplesmirids withthe satanic forces seek to occupy peoplesmiIids with irrelevantthoughtsand desires makethem forget God. Onceirrelevant thoughts and desires to make them forget God. Once toGod is forgotten,peopleGod is forgotten, people willingly join the corrupt elements. the comrpt elements.The final revelation, Quran, addresses phenomenonThe final revelation, the Qur an, addresses this phenomenon the this in Chapteral-Mujaadalaft as follows:in Chapter al-Mujaadalah as follows: qT # IJ~ ~~ ~~f ~, )~ ;..Al:.Jti ~b:~~" ; •:If. ~~I} .rualSr rytii fi ;f,l;!i 6LJ.Jr s.*,1. ~ {~ I.iJI JIb .~~•II :../. ~I ~{ ~ {lt}s.i ~ oGii{r.r;7 11 Jf! ," - . £ . !i U "Satan got the better of them and caused them to "Satan of caused Allah.Those partlof Satan. Truly forget Allah. Those are the party ofSatan. Truly the forget party of Satan are the real losers" Satan losers" Qurann 8 :199 Q u r a 58: 1 5 God, throughDivine law, hasprohibited intoxicants and God, through Divine law, has prohibitedintoxicantsandgamblingprimarily because they causegambling primarily because they cause humanbeings forget human beings to forgetGod. The humanmind and body easily become addictedtoGod. The human mind and body easilybecome addicteddrugs and games chance.drugs and games of chance. Onceaddicted, Once addicted, humankinds humankindsdesire to continuallybe stimulatedby,themleadsthem intodesire continually be stimulated by them leads them forms of corruption. and violence among themselves. Godall fonns of comrption. violenceamongthemselves. andsays in Chapter al-Maaidah of the final revelation:saysin Chaptera/-Maa idah of the revelation: ·_~il .r--"" ~" . ~,~ . J ~"JAll J F _. ~ ~ ,~i ~t,-"~1I JJ WI} ~.J! - ~.fl • ~ {~-*;~: ~f:W ~~ ~J~ f~ ~ ~l:A!J;~ :~i~J "Satans plan is to incite enmity and hatred among you with intoxicants and gambling, and
  • 36. | *r I ThePurposeof Creatlon The Purpose ofCreation It(tt I I _ hinder you from the remembrance ofAllah and hinder from tfte remembrance of AIIaft regular prayer. Will you not then abstain?" Will Quran, 5:91 1 Quran,5:9 Consequently, humankind need to remember God for Consequently, humankindneed rememberGodtheir own salvationand growth. humanshave times oftheir own salvation and growth. All humans havetimes ofweakness in which they commit sins. If they have no meansweaknessin which they commit sins.If they haveno meansof remembering God, they sink deeper and deeper intoof remembering God, they sink deeperand deepercorruption with every sin. However, those who follow thecorruption every sin. However, those thedivine laws will be constantly reminded of God, which willdivine laws be constantly reminded God, which willgive them a chance repentand correct themselves.give them a chance to repent and correct themselves. The Thefinal revelationaccurately describes process Chapterfinal revelation accurately describes this process in Chapter Imraan:Aal Imraan: " .~, ;l:;i i1i1,&Ji " +o iji ~~ ;!;,rr;l J~" ..~ ~ i./j~ ~i i~ ~i ~~ i);J r1,1 lir iiit ri ~~J} {~y~ teii. "Those who, having done something shameful or "Those having done somethingshameful having wronged their own souls, remember Allah wronged souls, and immediately forgiveness and immediately ask forgiveness for their sins..." sins,.." Quran,n3:1353 5 Qura ,3:1The Religion IslamThe Religion of Islam The mostcompletesystem worship available human The most complete system of worship available to humanbeingstoday is the systemfound in the religion of Islam.Thebeings today is the system found in the religion of Islam. Thevery name Islam meanssubmission thevery name Islam means submission to the will of God.of God.Although is commonlyreferred as the third of the threeAlthough it is commonly referred to as the of the threemonotheisticfaiths, is not a new religion at all. is themonotheistic faiths, it is not a new religion at all. It is thereligion brought allcif the prophetsof Godreligion brought by all of the prophets of God for humankind. humankind.
  • 37. t-t fnt nry"tt rf Cr"ttt"" The Purpose o[ Crelltlon t€l _Islam was the religion of Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus.Islam was the religion of Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus.God addresses this issue in the final revelation with regardGod addresses this issue in the final revelation with regardto Prophet Abraham, saying:to Prophet Abraham, saying: ~ ~ ~ ~S" ~J ~(. (~~.) ", I· -;.rqllti+., if ·.~r -,.rAJ r; rt # bjr ~S" ~} J, 1{r$i* ~J-,Jft~.)!~ if r;; {~~I~~~ lg.#,u og *Ahrahom wa$ "Abraham was neither a Jew nor-a Christian, but a nor.e Christian, he was an upright Muslim who did bot worship he wrs upright Muslim not othens besides God." others besides God." Quran 3:67 Quran3:67 Since there is One God, and humankindare one Since there is only One God, and humankind are onespecies,the religion which God has ordainedspecies, the religion which God has ordained for human humanbeings is one.He did not prescribebeings is one. He did not prescribe one religion for the Jews, one religion the Jews,another Indians,another for Indians, yet another for Europeans, etc. Human another Europeans,etc. Humanspiritual and social needsare uniform, and human naturehasspiritual and social needs are unifonn, and human nature hasnot changedsincethe firstman and woman were created. changed since the first man and wOman were created.Conseq~ently, no other religion is acceptable to God besidesConsequently, otherreligionis acceptable God beSides states Chapter Aal ImraantofIslam, asHe clearly statesin ChapterAal /mraan of the finalIslam, asrevelation:revelation: {~~~I ~ ~ ~:UI ~!} {iyr:fl+;irr i,1} *Surely Allahs religion is Islam." "Surely religion Quran 3:19 Quran 3:19 H:eI J p14F"*6-r;>L)r ;;s. ¢Ft ~J} ~ ~~~ .JJAJ ~ ~ ~ ~~ r~~ F #ii {~r"bJl {ir-rnri.i
  • 38. - r Thehtwose ofCreation The Purpose of Creatlon I lO I "And whoever desires a religion besides Islam will "And whoever desircs a besidesIslam will not have it accepted, and he will be among the losers hnve it accepted,and he will be among the losers in the heretfter." in the hereafter." Quran 3:85 Quran3:85Every Act Is Worship the Islqeig system,each and every human act can be In the Isla.mic system, each and every human act can betransformed into an act worship. fact, God commandstransfonned into an act of worship. In fact, God commandsthe believers dedicatethe believers to dedicate their whole lives to Him. In Chapter whole lives Chapterai-An aam, Allah says:al-Anaom, says: {~tAiI:""..1l ""-~"Ji. J~J"" ir:4.r -;- ~ .J, . ~J_ t:J.J~, eli} oN jiJr,irf- {colni;; l e6t lsthn2 ( *Say: Surely "rr} "Say: Surely my prayer, my sacrifice, my living pmyer, sacrifice, ry tiving end and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of all the for Allah, Lord of worlds.t tt worlds. " Quran 6: 162 Quran6:162 However, for that {edication to be acceptable Allah, However, that c;ledication be acceptable toeachact must fulfill two basicconditions:each act must fulfill baSic conditions: FIRST,THE ACT MUSTBE DoNE SINCERELY the11 FIRST, THE ACT MUST BE DONE SINCERELY FoRthe I pleasure of God and FOR pleasure of God and not for the recognitionand praise recognition and praiseof humanbeings. The believeralso hasto be ponsciousof human beings. The believer also has be conscious of ofGod while doing the deedto insurethat it is not somethingGod doing the deed insure that not somethingforbidden by Allah or the last Messenger(~).forbidden last Messenger (#E). In order to facilitate this transformationof mundane order facilitate transformation of mundanedeeds worship, Allah instructed Prophet (~)deeds into worship, Allah instructedthe last Prophet(!$) toprescribe short prayersto be said before eventhe simplestprescribe short prayers said before e~en simplestof acts The shortest prayer which may be usedfor anysf ~~t~ shortest prayer used
  • 39. The Parpose of Creation Purpose ofcircumstance is: ~ ~ bismillaah(ln the nameof Allah).circumstanceis: l -*, bismillaah (In the name ofThere are,however,many otherprayersprescribed specificThere are, however, manyother prayers prescribed for specificoccasions. For example, whenevera new pieceof clothingoccasions. For example, whenever new piece of clothingis worn, the Prophet C*) taughthis followersto say:is worn, the Prophet(+E) taught his followers say: ~ V ?-~ ~?- X :JtJ .~:,:S ~f J:.;j ~ ~I ,;-a ~ l-, !_:J . j ~ l. ~~ ~~ X ~ ;;f~ ,j o Allah, thanks is due to You, for it is You who has O AIIah, k due You,for You clothed me. I ask Youfor its benefit and the benefit me. ask Yoafor its beneJit for which it was made, and seek refuge in Youfrom for was made, seek Youfrom its evil and the evilfor which it was made. 33 its evil evilfor wasmade.332J THE SECOND CONDITION IS THAT THE ACT BE done in THe sECoNDcoNDrloN ISTHATTHEAcr se done accordance with theprophetic way, called in Arabic the Laccordance with the prophetic way, called in Arabic the the prophetsinstructedtheir followersSunnah. All of the prophets instructed their followers toSunnah.follow theirway because wereguidedby God.Whatthey theyfollow their way because they were guided by God. What they were divinely revealed truths,and only thosewhotaught were divinely revealed truths, and only those whotaughtfollowed their way and accepted truthswould inherit thefollowed their way and accepted the truths would inheriteternallife in paradise. is in this contextthatProphet It Jesus,eternal life in paradise. It is in this context that Prophet Jesus,may the peaceand blessings God be uponhim, wasmay the peace and blessings of God be upon him, wasreportedin the Gospelaccording John l4:6, as saying,reported in the Gospel according to John 14:6, as saying, "I to "./am the way, the truth, and the life; no man comethuntoam the way. the truth. and the life: no man cometh unto the theFather, but by me." Similarly,Abdullaahibn MasoodFather, but by nte." Similarly, Abdullaah ibn Masoodrelated that one day Prophet Muhammad C~) drew a iine inrelated that one day Proplret Muhammad(#) drew a iine in" Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 3. p. I 125. no.4009 and authenticated in33 Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 3. p. 1125. no. 4009 and authenticated inS,ah.eeh. Sunan Abee Daawood, vol. 2. .p. .760.0no. .3391~3 iSaheehSunanAbee Daawood, vol. 2 p 7 6 n o 3 3 9 .
  • 40. nt nrp"tr rlc*"t*" The Purpose ofCreation lls I u the dust for them and said, "This is Allah,s path." He thenthe dust for them and said, "This is Allahs path." He then drew severallines [branchingoff] to the right and to the leftdrew several lines [branching off] to the right and to the left and said, "These are the paths [of misguidanceJon each oJand said, "These are the paths [of misguidance] on each of which is a devil inviting people tofolrow it." Hethen recitedwhich is a devil inviting people to follow it. " He then recited the verse: "Verily, this is my path, leading straight, sothe verse: "Verily, this is my path, leading straight, so follow it. And do not follow the [otherl paths for they willfollow it. And do not follow the [other] paths for they willscatter you about from Allahs path. That is His command scatter you about from Allahs path. That is His commandto you in order that you may be conscious of Allah. 34 ,,35 to you in order that you may be consciousof Allah.34"35 Thus,the only acceptable way to worship God is according toThus, the only acceptable way to worship God is accordingto the way the prophets. That beingthe case,innovationinthe way of the prophets. That being the case, innovation in religious affairswould be considered God amongthe worstreligious affairs would be considered by God among the worst by all evils. ProphetMuhammad(x) was reported haveof all evils. Prophet Muhammad (~) was reported to havesaid, of allsaid, "The worst ofall affairs is innovation in religion, for is innovstion rerigion, forevery religious innovation is a cursed,misleading innovationevery innovation cursed, misleading innovationleading to the hellfire."36 the hellfire. ,,36 Innovation in the religion is forbiddenand unacceptable Innovation the religion forbidden and unacceptableto God. The Prophet (E) was also reportedby his wife, God. The Prophet (~) was also reported hisAaishah,Aaishah, to have said, "He who innovatessomethingin have said, innovates somethingthis matter of ours, that is not of it. will hqve it rejected.,,37 matter ofours, of it, will have it rejected. ,,37 It is fundamentallydue to innovationsthat the messages It is fundamentally due to innovations that the messagesof the earlier prophetswere distortedand the manyfalseof the earl ier prophets were distorted and the many falsereligions in existencetoday evolved.The generalrule toreligions in existence today evolved. The general rule to3a Soorah 34 Soorah al-Anaam(6):153. al-Anaam (6):153.3s 35 collected by Ahmad. an-Nasaaeeand ad-Daarimee.and authenticated Collected by Ahmad. an-Nasaaee and ad-Daarimee. and authenticatedby Almad Shaakirin al-Musnad,vol.6. pp. 89-90. no.4142. by Ahmad Shaakir in al-Musnad, vol. 6. pp. 89-90. no. 4142.16 36 Sahih Muslim, vol. 2. p. 410, no. lgg5. Sahih Muslim, vol. 2, p. 410, no. 1885., 37 sahih At-Bukhari, vol. 3. pp.535-6. no. g6l. andsahihMuslim, vol. 3. Sahih AI-Bukhari. vol.3. pp. 535-6. no. 861. and SahihMuslim.vol.3.p . 9 3 1 .n o . 4 2 6 6 . p. 931. no. 4266.
  • 41. The Purpose ofCreation ThePurposeof Creationfollow in order to avoid innovationin religion is that all in order to avoid innovation in religion is that allforms of worship are prohibited,exceptthosewhich have of worship are prohibited, except those which havebeenspecificaltyprescribedby God and conveyedto humansbeen specifically prescribed by and conveyed to humans the true messengers of God. ofby the true messengers God.The Best of Creation Best of Thosewho believein OneUnique God, without partners Those believe One Unique God, partnersor offspring,and do righteousdeeds[according the above- offspring, and righteous deeds [according to above-mentioned principles] become the crown of creation~mentioned principles]becomethe crown of creation.That is, is,although humankindis not the greatest creationof Allah,although humankind is not the greatest creation of Allah,they have the potentialto becomethe bestof His creation.they havethe potential become the best of creation. Chapte al-Bayyinah, r states fact as follows:In Chapter a/-Bayyinah, Allah states this fact as {~~ .r?" ~ ~ Ji ~~...QJ ~ J ."..~ ..:r..u, iJl} {tu-,Jl-* e clJri .rtr.Jr-elrr}.r.1 lPu t-iJt u1} "Surely, those believeand righteous deeds "Surely, those who believe and do righteous deeds are the best of creation." are the best creation." Qurann98:66 Qura 98:The Gravest SinThe Gravest Sin To contradictthe purposeof ones creationis then the To contradict the purpose of ones creation is then the Abdullaah greatest evil that a human being can commit.greatest evil that a human being can commit. Abdullaah Allahs Messenger which sin is (#)reported that he asked Allahs Messenger (~) which sin is reportedthat he askedthe gravest in Allahs sight and he replied, "To give Allah a the gravestin Allahs sight and he replied, "To give Allah apartner, eventhoughHe createdyou."38 Worshippingotherspartner, even though He created you. ,,38 Worshipping othersbesides God, called shirk in Arabic, is the only unforgivable besidesGod,calledshirk in Arabic, is theonly unforgivable sin. If a humanbeingdieswithout repentingfrom his or hersin. If a human being dies without repenting from his or her" Sahihi hM u s l i mvol.l .I.. pp. 50·1: . n o156.6 .38 S o h Muslim, , o l p p 5 0 1 no. .1 5 v
  • 42. l-L fn" P"rp"t, Crtrtt* The Purpose ofCreation l{ul "f _ sins, Allah may forgiveall their sinsexceptsins, Allah may forgive all their sins except shirk. In this shirk.In this regard,Godstated the following in Chapter an-Nisaa :regard, God stated following in Chapteran-Nisaq,; the {"~~ ~I~ iJJ~ ~ ~J <.! ~~ iJi ~"i.1l iJl} {ti.:"- ir"J gUl r.J.;r pJ q elr.:40i ,ii,- I frr ir1} tr "Surely Allah will not forgive the wonship of others "Surely Allah will not forgive the worship of others besides Him, but He forgives sins lessthan that besides Him, but He forgives sins less than that to whomever He wishes." to whomever He wishes." Quran.4:48 Quran,4:48 worshipping otherd besides Worshipping others besides God essentially involves God essentially invorvesgiving the anributes the creator to His creation.Eachsectgiving the attributes of the Creator to His creation. Each sector religiondoesthis in theirown particularor religion does this in their own particular way. A small but way. smallbutvery vocal group of people down through the ages havevery vocal group of peopledown throughthe ageshaveactuallydenied Godsexistence.~9 Toactually denied God s justifY their rejection Tojustifo their rejection of ofthe Creator, theywereobligedto makethe illogicalclaim thatthe creator,they were obliged make the illogical claim thatthis world hasno beginning.this world has no beginning. Their claim is illogicalbecause Their claim is illogical becauseall of the observable partsof the world havebeginnings of the observable parts of the world have beginnings in in3 Hinavana Buddhism (400-250BC). the earrier 39 Hinayana Buddhism (400-250 BC). the earlier and morestrictof the two and more strict of theinterpretationsof Buddhismwhich aroseaftercautama Buddhasdeath. interpretations of Buddhism which arose after Gautama Buddhas death.clearl;states thereis no God. .lainismas svstematizecl Vardharnana clearly states that there is no God. Jainism as systematized by Vardhamana that byalso asserts that thereis no God. hut liberatedsouls. accordin_e thealso asserts that there is no God. hut liberated souls.according to the toteachings.attain immortalitv and nmniscience.ln the lgth and 20thteachings. attain immortality and omniscience. In the 19th and 20thcenturiesa numberof Europeanphilosophers proclaimedcenturies a number of European philosophers proclaimed what cameto be what came to beknown asthe "deathof God philosoph1,," Germanphilosopher. philipp known as the "death of God philosophy." The Gennan philosopher. The Philipp Mainlander I 84 l - I 876). the Prussian. Friedrich Nietzsche ( I g44-I 900).Mainlander((1841-1876), the Prussian.Friedrich Nietzsche(1844-1900),the Frenchman. the Frenchman. JeanPaulSarrre(1905-1980) all arguedthe non-existence Jean Paul Sartre ( 1905- 1980) all argued the non-existenceof God. (Dictionary of Philosophy,and Religion,pp. 72. 262-3. 327 and of God. (Dictionary ofPhilosophy and Religion. pp. 72.262-3.327 and508-9). 508-9).
  • 43. The Purpose of Creationtime, thereforeit is only reasonable expectthe sum of thetime, therefore is reasonable to expect sum ofparts also have beginning. It alsoparts to alsohavea beginning.It is alsoonly logicalto assume logical to assumethat whateversaused world to come into existencethat whatever caused the the come existence couldnot havebeena part of the world nor could it havea beginningnot have been part ofthe could have beginninglike the world. The atheistassertionthat the world has no the world. The atheist assertion that the hasbeginningmeans the matterwhich makesup the universebeginning means that the matter which makes up the universe thatis eternal. This is a statementofshirk, wherebyGods attributeis etemal. is statement of shirk, whereby attributeof being without~ begi!ming is givento His creation.The being withoutbeginning is given creation. Thenumbers of genuine atheists havehistorically always beennumbers of genuineatheistshave historically always beenquite small because, in spite of their claims, they instinctivelyquite smallbecause, spite their claims,they instinctivelyknow that God doesexist. That is, spite of decades ofknow that God does exist. That is, in spite of decades ofcommunist indoctrination, the majority of Russianscommunist indoctrination,the majority of Russians and andChinese continued believein God. TheChinese continued to believe in God. The Almighty Creator Creatorpointed out this phenomenon Chapteran-Ilaml,saying:pointed out this phenomenon in Chapter an-Naml, saying: {I~J ~ ~r j!f T8~;-a:.:" (J ~ iJ~J} {,t t Gi!il.tli rlnF,itw.itloi "And they denied [the signsl wrongfully "And they denied (the signs] wrongfully and arrogantly, though within themselves they were though within themselves convinced of them." convinced Quran n 7 :14 4 Q u r a 27: 1 2 and materialists, hasnopurposebeyond life To atheists and materialists, life has-no purpose beyond To atheiststhe fulfillment of their desires. Consequently, their desiresthe fulfillment of their desires. Consequently, their desires also becomethe god which they obey and submit to insteadalso become the god which they obey and submit to instead of the One True God. In Chapteral-Furqaan of the finalof the One True God. In Chapter al-Furqaan of the finalrevelation, Allah said: revelation,Allah said:
  • 44. The Purpose 0/ Creation -**ril {;IJA 4+- ....11 W, ~ ~)} 1 {i,roia-Jl #, f "Have you seen the one who takes his desires as "Have you seen the one who takes his desires as his god?" his god?" Quran 25 :43 Quran 25:43 christians gaveProphetJesuschrist the attributes of the Christians gave Prophet Jesus Christ the attributes of the creator by first making him co-eternalwith God,a then by Creator by first making him co-eternal with God,40 then by making him a perponality God whom they titled .God the making him a per.sonality of God whom they titled God the of son. Hindus,on the otller hand,believethat God hasbecome Son. Hindus, on the oilier hand. believe that God has become man in many ages,by incarnations man in many ages, by incarnations called avatars, and then cailed svatars, and then they divided Gods attributesbetweenthree gods,Brahma they divided Gods attributes between three gods, Brahma the creator, vishnu the preserverand shiva the destroyer. the creator, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer. Love of Love of God shirk alsooccurswhen humanbeings love, trust fear Shirk also occurs when human beingslove, trust or fear the creationmore than Allah. In chapter al-Baqarahof the the creation more than Chapter al-Baqarah of last revelation,God said: last revelation, God said: nrl-iiFh,J-rir.r;i ar;,i u #,i :;",,~I -H| ~, ~ ~~ ,;,JJf ~I iJ J~ ~ ¥i ,,6t~J} , , , {l + $iit;; ~~(, {..1s ~~f i~~ *There b-ili "There are emong men those who worship are among men those who worship others besides Allah as equals to Him. They love others besides Allah as equals to Him. They love them as only Allah should be loved. But those who them as only Allah should he loved. But those who believe have a stronger love for Allah." believe have a stronger love for Allah." Quran 2:165 Q u r a n2 : 1 6 5a 0J o h n 40 John lI: & 1 4 ""IlIn tthe b e g i n n i n g was tthe w o r d . a n d tthe w o r d w a s : l 1&14 r n h e beginning w a s h e Word. and h e Word was with God. and the Word was God .... 14 And the Word becameflesh andwith God. and the word was God....t And the word becameflesh anddwelt amongus, full of graceand truth:" (RSV).dwelt among us, full of grace and truth:" (RSV).
  • 45. The Purpose ofCreation of Creation When these and other similar emotionsare directed more When theseand emotions are directed morestrongly to the creation, they causehuman beingsto disobeystrongly the creation, cause human beings disobeyGod in an effort to please other humans. However, only AllahGod an pleaseother humans.However,deserves a complete human emotional commitment, for it isdeserves a completehumanemotionalcommitment,He alone who should be loved and feared over all creation.He alone should be loved and fearedover creation.Anas ibn narratedthat the Prophet(~) said, " WhoeverAnas ibn Maalik narrated that the Prophet (*) said, "Whoeverpossesses {the followingJ three characteristics has tasted the fthe1ao.esesse.r following] three character,lsficslrlers thesweetness offaith: he who loves Allah and Hk Messengersweetness offaith: loves Allah and Hisabove all else; he who loves another human beingfor Allahsafuve aII else;lw wln lovesanother lrumnt beingfor Allahssake alone; and he who hates to return to disbeliefafter Allahsalre alone; md he wln lntes rettnn disbelief afre, Allahhas rescued him as he hates to be thrown into a fire. ,,41 hasrescued as he hates be into afire.Al love other humans All the reasons for which humans love other humans or the reasons which humanslove other created beings are reasons to love God more thanlove other createdbeingsare reasons love God more than creation.Humanslove and success, dislike death andHis creation. Humans love life and success, and dislike death is the ultimate sourceofand failure. Since Allah is the ultimate source of life andand failure. Since andsuccess, deserves He the-fullloveanddevotionof humankind.success, He deserves the full love and devotion of humankind.Humans also love thosewho benefitthem and help themHumans also love those who benefit them and help themwhen they are in need.Sinceall benefit(7:188)and helpwhen they are in need. Since all benefit (7: 188) and help(3:126)comefrom God, He shouldbe lovedaboveall else.(3:126) come from God, He should be loved above all else. {6}bti r i uu. iril6bri} {lA~ ~.11 ~, iJ~ ~1J} , , *If Allahs blessings will "If you try to count Allahs blessings, you will try [p." not be able to add them up." be eble add Quran,l4:34 Quran, 14:3441" Sahth Muslim, vol. l, p. 30, no. 67. Sahih Muslim. vol. 1, p. 30, no. 67.
  • 46. fnr nrp"t",il9rt"tt The Purpose ofCreation m -_ However,the supreme love which humans However, the supreme love which humans should fee) for shouldfeel for God mustnot be reduced the comrnondenominator their God must not be reduced to the common denominator oftheir to of emotional love for creation.Just as the love humansfeel for emotional love for creation. Just as the love humans feel for animals shouldnot be the sameas what they feel for other animals should not be the same as what they feel for other humans,a2 love ofAllah should transcend the love humans the humans,42 the loveofAllah should transcend love humans the feel towards each other. Human love of God shouldbe, feel towards each other. Human love of God should be, fundamentally,a love manifestin completeobedience the fundamentally, a love manifest in complete obedience to the to laws God, as statedin Chapter fmraan, laws of God, as stated in Chapter Aal Imraan, "If you Jove "ff love Allah, then follow me [the Prophet] and Allah will love me [the Prophetl and will love you./3 This is not an abstract yoU.,,43 This is not an abstract concept, because human love concept,because humanlove other humans also impliesobedience, of other humans also implies obedience. That is, if a loved That is, if a loved one requests that something done,humans be one requests that something be done, humans will strive tostrive do according the level their love to do it according to the level of their love for thatperson. that person. The love of God shouldalso be expressed the love of The love of God should also be expressed in the love of thosewhom God loves.Itis inconceivable one those whom God loves. Ris inconceivable that one who loves that loves Allah could hatethose Allah couldhate those whomAllah loves and love thosewhom whom Allah lovesand lovethose whom He hates. The Prophet (~)-was quotedby Aboo Umaamahas hates. The Prophet(*€).was quoted Aboo Umaamah as saying, "He who lovesfor Allah and hatesfor Allah, gives saying, loves for Allah hates for givesfor Allah and withholdsfor Allah, hasperfectedhisJaith.,Alfor Allah withholds for has perfected his faith. ,,44 consequently,thosewhosefaith is properwill loveall those Consequently, those whose faith is proper love those who loveGod.In chapterMaryam,Allah indicates He puts love God. Chapter Maryam. indicates that puts that love in the hearts the believers thosewho are righteous. love the hearts of the believers for those of are righteous.12 The huge42 huge sumsof money currentlv being spentprotectingendangered sums of money currently being spent protecting endangeredspeciesof animals while humansare leli to starveand die of diseasespecies of animals while humans are left to starve and die of disease is isamongthe major crimesof the 20th century.among the major crimes of the 20th century.aJ Quran, 3:31.43 Quran, 3:3Laa collected44 Collected by Almad, at-Tirmithee and Aboo Daawood (stman Abu by Ahmad, at-Tirmi!hee and Aboo Daawood (Sunan AbuDawud, vol. 3. p. 1312. no.3664.and authenticated S-a!lee!l SunanDawud, vol. 3. p. 1312, no. 3664. and authenticated inSaheehsunan inAbeeDaawood,vol.3, p. 3915).Abee Daawood, vol. 3, p. 886. no. 3915).
  • 47. The Purpose ofCreation TheParyoseof Creation {,;~ ~:,J ~ ~ ~~~, i#J i~~ ~~l ~~} ti*lt##h" lq{"rr ifuji-*[ irir i.r1] "Surely, Allah will bestow love [in the hearts of "Sunely, Allah will bestow [in of the believens forl those who believe and do believers for] those believe righteous deeds." deeds." Quran 19:96 Quran l9:96 Messenger (#) Aboo Hurayrah also relatedthat Allahs Messenger Aboo Hurayrahalsorelated that (~) *If Allah lovesa servantHesaid the following this regard, "Ifsaid the following in this regard, loves servantinforms angel Gabriel that He loves So-and-soand tells himinforms angel lovesSo-and-soto love him, so Gabriel loves him. Then Gabriel calls outto love him, so Gabriel loves him. Then calls Allah loves So-and-so,to the inhabitants ofthe heavens: Allah loves So-and-so,to the inhabitants of the heavens:therefore love him. So the inhabitants ofthe heavenslovetherefore love hint ,Sothe inhabitants of the heavens lovehim. Then he is granted the love ofthe people ofthe eqrth. ,,45him. Thenhe is granted the loveof thepeople of the eqrth."a5PrayersPrayers Prayersshouldonly be directed God alone, Prayers should only be directed to God alone, for onlyHe can answerprayers. is accessible long as He is He asHe can answer prayers. He is accessible as long as He iscalled upon sincerely.calledupon sincerely. {iJ~; rilurritriVi ~f ~) J~ JS- -$~4- ~L ;lJ} {irrai;1 ~:UI i;.; *i -ti rfy,io +tV iA sr.} "When My sertants ask "When My servants askyou [6 Mu!!ammad] abOut you [O Mulammadl about am near answer Me, [tell them] that I am near, I answer the prayer [tell them] of everyone w~o calls on Me." evelyone wo calls Qurann2 :1866 Q u r a 2: 1 8 nsSahilrAl-Bukhari, vol.4. p.291. no.43l.45 Sahih AI-Bukhari, vol. 4. p. 291. no. 431. andSahihMuslim,vol.4. p. and Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. p.1385.5no. .6373.3 .138 . o 637 n
  • 48. The Purposeorcrearion The Purpose ofCreation [F| _l this point, saying,,,If you The Prophet (~) emphasized this point, saying, "Ifyou The Prophet(S) emphasized ask in prayer, ask only Allah, and if you seek help, seek itask in prayer, ask-onlyAllah, and if you seekhelp, seek it only from Allah.46 Thus, prayerto humanbeingsor throughonly from Allah.,,46 Thus, prayer to human beings or through human* beings,deador living, is a form of shirk.The one tohuman- beings, dead or living, is a form of shirk. The one towhom prayersare directedbecomes object of worship.whom prayers are directed becomes an object of worship. anAn-Numaan ibn Basheer repoftedthat the prophet(*) said,An-Numaan ibn Basheer reported that the Prophet (~) said," supplication is worship."a1"Supplication is worship. ,,47 {~i:.f;4- ~, ~J~ ~ ~;Jj ~~I ~!} "Surely, those whom you calion in prayer besides Allah are servants like yourself." Quran 7: 194 Quran7:194 Thus, the catholic christian practice praying to saints Thus, the Catholic Christian practiceof prayingte saintsis shirk. If something lost, Saint Anthony of Thebesisis shirk. If something is lost. saint Anthony of Thebes is is 48prayed to in orderto help find it.a8 JudeThaddaeus theprayed order help find it. st. Jude Thaddaeus is the St.patron saintofthe impossible is prayed for intercessionpatron saint impossible and is prayed to and intercessionin incurable incurable illnesses, unlikely marriages or the like. 49 And illnesses, unlikelymarriages the like.aeit usedto be that when someoneset out on a journey, Saintit used when someone set journey, Saintchristdpher, the patron saint of travelers,was the object ofChristdpher, the patron saint of travelers, was the ofprayersfor protection.However, in 1969st. christopher wasprayers for protection. However, in 1969 St. Christopher wasa6 Abbaas 46 Reponed by Ibn Abbaas and coilectedby at-Tirmitheeand authenticated Reported by Ibn and collected by at-Tinnithee and authenticatedn Sabee sunanat-Tirmifute. vol. 2, pp. 308-9. no. 2043. see an-Nawawis in Saf1ee!1 Sunan at-Tirmi~ee. vol. 2, pp. 308-9. no. 2043. See an-N awi,s h aw*r,y Hadith, p. 68, no. l9 andlvlishkatA!-Masabih, vol.2 ,, p. 1099. Forty Hadith, p. 68. no. 19 and Mishkat AI-Masabih, vol. 2 p. 1099.n 47 sunan AbuDnvud, vol. l, p. 387. no. 1474and authenticared Sa!!l SunanAbu Dawud, vol. I. p. 387. no. 1474 and authenticated in saheeh inSunanAbeeDaawood,voI. I, p.277. no. 1312. Sunan Abee Daawood, voL I, p. 277. no. 1312.u "The lllorld Book Enc.vclopeita,vol. l. p. 509. The World Book Encyclopedia, vol. 1. p. 509.t" 49 tbid..vol. I1L p. 146. tbid.. vol. l. p. 146.
  • 49. tl-- The Purpose of Creation of- ThePurp-lse Creation I Iunceremoniously sffuckoffthe list of saintsby papaldecree,unceremoniously struck off the of saints papal decree,after was confinned that he was fictitious. 50 Prayers Mary,after it was confirmedthat hewas fictitious.50 Prayers to 51the mothc;r of Jesus, to the angels, on Michaelmasslthe mothgrof Jesus, and the angels, as on Michaelmas and as •are also shirk. Even Christians who shun saint worshipare also shirk. Even Christians shun saint worshipcommit whenever they direct prayersto ProphetJesus,commit shirk whenever they direct prayers Prophet Jesus,through him or in his name.Likewise,anyMuslim who praysthroughhim his name. Likewise, any Muslim prays ProphetMuhammad(~) commits shirk.Consequently,to Prophet Muhammad (#) commits shirk. Consequently,God commanded Prophet(~) inform his followers asGod commanded the Prophet (H) to inform his followers as thefollows in Chapter al-A raaffollows Chapteral-Araaf. ~i c..5 YJ ~ Sou. L. ~~ I~ ~J W,j ~ cUi f ;0) F-Jti c-s JIJ lrr rll rr 1! rr"a I:lr.iiu.,.tlJ ~i ~ Ji} {So.,..J ~ {oF #br L. J ~, t,.:;*-f ;*Jt ~ ..:;.; j5.:-~ =*Jt ~ I "Say [0 Muhammad): I have no power to bring power bring "Say [O Muhammadl: good or avert harm even from myself, except if harm even from if Allah wills. If I had knowledge of the unse~n, I Allah If knowledge of unseen, would surely have accumulated only good and no would surely accumulated only evil would have befallen me." would me." Qurann 7::1888 Qura 7 18s The World Book Encyclopedia. vol. 3. p. 417.50 The World Book Encyclopedia. vol. 3. p. 417tt The Christian feast of St. Michael the Archangel. celebrated in the51 The Christian teastof St. Michael the Archangel. celebrated the inwestern churcheson September and in the Eastern 29 (Orthodox)Churchwestern churches on September 29 and in the Eastern (Orthodox) Church November 8. In the Roman CatholicChurch,it istheFeastof SS.on November 8. In the Roman Catholic Church, it is the Feast of S5.onMichael. Gabriel. and Raphael. archangels: the AnglicanChurch,its inMichael, Gabriel, and Raphael, archangels: in the Anglican Church, itsproper name is the Feast of St. Michael and All Angels (The Newproper name is the Feast of 51. Michael and All Angels (The NewEncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. 8. p. 95)Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 8. p. 95).
  • 50. The Purpose creotion of _The Purpose ofCreation |E| - Aboo Hurayrah reported that when the verse ..Warn Aboo Hurayrah reported that when the verse "Warn your nearest relativesr"s2 was revealedto the prophet,heyour nearest relatives,"S2 was revealed to the Prophet, he said the following to his relatives:,,Opeople ofsaid the following to his relatives: "0 people ofQuraysh, eurrysh, secure deliverancefrom AIIah [by doing good deedsJ,forsecure deliveranc~ from Allah [by doing good deeds], for II cannot avail you st all againstAllah...o Faatimah, daughtercannot avail you at all against A/lah. .. O Faatimah, daughter of Mufiammad, ask me whateveryou wish [in this lifeJ, butof Mullammad, ask me whatever you wish [in this life], but have nothing which can qvailII have nothing which can avail you against Allah. ,,53 against Allah.,,53sr 52 Soorahash-Shooraa Soorah ash-Shooraa (ZG):214. (26) sahih 53 SahihAl-Bukhari, vol. 4. pp 47g-9. nos. 727 &.7zg. and Sahih Muslim, A/-Bukhari, vol. 4. pp. 478-9. nos. 727 & 728. andsahih Muslim,vvol. l l. p . 1 3 6 .n o . 4 0 2 . o l . . p. 136. no. 402.
  • 51. ThePurposeol Creation The Purpose of Creation God Create Why Did God Create on Earth? Mankind on Earth? HE QLJESTIONCONCERNINC PURPOSE mankinds HE QUESTION CONCERNING THE PURPOSE OF mankinds THE OFT creation may be expanded includethe creation may be expanded to include the world in which they live. The question in which they live. The question would then be, "Why did would then be,God createhumanbeingsin this world?" Again, the answerGod create human beings in this world?" Again, the answer did this questioncan easily be found the final revelation,to this question can easily be found in the final revelation,Chapters al-Mulk and al-Kahf,Chapters a/-Mu/k and a/-Kahf: .J--AJ ~ ~i ~to!.i.~~ i5rJr J ~"J JU- ,=,JJI} pl )t-..r iJ-?i Fi,f*; j".J1 J.)J*lt .lt gilrl tJ,,;,.!1 {.r.rtoJrr_-fl "fIt is He] who created death and life to testwhich "[It IIel created test which of you is best in conduct; and He is the Mighty, the is best conduct; is Mighty, Forgiving." Forgiving." Quran 67:2 Quran 67:2 {}.w ~i ~i ~# ~ 40tj JPi~ Js- ~ ~ Ul} {y* g,..ri a+-iert+l SJ"r; .r.r!r sle b t l" u!} "surely I5o havecreated thirt is on earth ss its "Surely .54 have created all that is on earth as its ornaments mev testwhich them is best ornaments that I may test which of them is best in conduct." in Qu r a n 18:7 Quran l 8 : 73r r1y*" in the originat Arabic is the majesticwe, refening to God.54 "We" the original Arabic majestic we, referring God.
  • 52. fhe P"rpose Crrtlly The Purpose ofCreation "f Isol __r Thus, the purposefor the creationof humanbeingsin Thus, the purpose for the creation of human beings inthis world is to test their conduct. 55 This world of life andthis world is to testtheir Thir world of life anddeath, wealth and poveny, sicknessand health,was createddeath, wealth and poverty, sickness and health, was createdto sift out the righteoussoulsfrom the evil souls.Humanto sift out the righteous souls from the evil souls. Humanconductin this world is the measure faith.conduct in this world is the measure of faith. lt shouldbenoted,however, that the tests conductare It should be noted, however, that the tests of conduct arenot to inform God abouthumankind, He knew everythingnot to inform God about humankind, for He knew everything forthere was to know aboutthem beforeHe createdthere was to know about them before He created them. The them.Thetests serve to confirm on the Day Judgmentthat thosetests serve to confirm on the Day of Judgment that thosegoing to hell deserve andthosegoing to paradisegoing to hell deserve it and those going to paradise only got only gotthere by Gods grace. With regard to human beings in thisthere by Gods grace.With regard humanbeingsin thislife, thetestof conduct;erves basicpurposes: twolife, the test ofconduct,serves two basic purposes: one, human one,humanspiritualgrowth, and the other,punishment reward.spiritual growth, and the other, punishment or reward.Spiritual Growth The testsof this The tests of this world are primarily for the spiritual are the spiritualgrowth of humanbeings.Just as an intensefire separatesgrowth of human beings. Just as an intense separatespure gold from the rough ore to which it is bound in nature,pure gold from the rough ore which is bound in nature,testspurifo the moral character the believers.tests purify the moral character of the believers. They force of They forcethe believers choosetheir higherspiritualqualitiesthe believers to choose their higher spiritual qualities over overtheir lower desires.their lower desires. Although not everytest is passed, Although not every test is passed, even evenin failurethe believergrows by learning failure the believer grows learning spirituallessons spiritual lessons tohelp him or her in him her future See55 See alsoChapterHood (l l):7 also Chapter Hood (11):7.
  • 53. The Purpose ofCreation of CreationGenerosity and ContentmentGenerosity Contentment For example, in all human societiesthe qualities of example, human societies the qualities ofgenerosity and contentment are considered among the mostgenerosity and contentmentare consideredamong mostnoble characteristics. However, neither of thesetraits cannoble characteristics.However, neither of these candev.elop ifeveryone has the same amount ofwealth. Generositydevelop ifeveryonehasthe sameamountof wealth.Generositycan 0!1ly be acqui~ed when the- human soul-aware thatcan o$y be acquired when thehumansoul-aware thatsharing with the needy is good-struggles againstits desiresharing the needy is against desireto hoard its possessions. On the other hand,contentmentis hoard its possessions. the other hand, contentmentproduced when the soul defeats the evils of enry and greed.produced when the soul defeats evils of envy and greed. theThe Creator wisely sets the stage for these spiritual strugglesThe Creatorwisely setsthe stage thesespiritual strugglesby unequallydistributingwealth in this world. ln Chapterby unequally distributing wealth in this world. In Chapteran-Nab.l of the final revelation, Allah says:an-Nahl the final revelation, says: {Jj) J ~ .;s- ~ }., .i»IJ} {O;rld *dr rfut j...Gi ilr} *Allah has some of you "Allah has favored some of you over others in sustenance." Qurann16:711 Qura l6:7 Greed and stinginess are corrupt forms the natural Greed -and stinginess are corrupt forms of the naturalhuman desire to possess.The believersare informedhuman desire to possess. The bel ievers are informed byrevelation that wealth is a trust given to humankind by God.revelation that wealth is a tnlst given humankind God. before humansare born andPossessions exist in the world before humans are born andPossessionsexist theremain there after they die. If wealth is usedaccordingremain there after they die. If wealth is used according to benefitsthosewho have in bothdivine instructions, it benefits those who have it in bothdivine instructions, is usedselfishly, becomes curse this aworlds. But if it is used selfishly, it becomes a curse in thisworlds. But life and a causefor punishment the next. In Chaptera/- inlife and a cause for punishment in the next. In Chapter al-Anfaal of the final revelation, God warns the believers toAnfaal the final revelation.God warns the believers beware the dangers wealth and children:beware of the dangers of wealth and children:
  • 54. TheePurpose ofCreation n Th Purpose f Creatio o fsTt .. {4.o:oi ~.:l:iJiJ ~,.,.i wi ~J} {es frf:ir r.(lryi rytrrl} (Know that your wealth and children are a test." "Know end sre I Quran 8:28 Quran 8:28 God further warns the believers in Chapter.a/- God further warns the believers in Chapter al-Munaafiqoon no{ let their desireMUlJaafiqoon not to let their desire for wealth and children wealth and childrendivert them from obedience to Him, for this is the test ofdivert them from obedience this is the test ofpossessions.possessions. {.i» .;r~ ~ ~.:l:iJi :iJ ~,.,.i ~ ~ .f"I~ loft.ill ~i~} {lrr fi if fsIli fr rr(Jrr.iFftb f rj:,h;*.rlr qirr} "O believers! yourwealth "0 believers! Do not allow your wealth and children divert to divert you from the remembrance of Allah." of Allah." Quran 63:9 Quran63:9 {~I.i~ l.J~~ ~~~.:l~ Jj~~)J} {fuu t sr f*J .rra:: p otg(r" Cl:} 6He raised some of "He raised some of you over others in rank to test rank granted you with what He granted you." with Q u r a n6 :1655 Quran 6: 1 6 The desire accumulate wealth cannot be satisfied The desire to accumulatewealth cannotbe satisfiedinthis life. The more human beings have, the more they want.this life. The more humanbeingshave,the morethey want.The Prophet (S) stated,"If a man had a valley of gald, he Prophet (~) stated, "If man ofgald. hewould desire another,for nothing u,ill fill his mouth but the desire another, for willfill hisdirt [of his graveJ. And Allah forgives whoever sincerelydirt [of his grave]. And Allah forgives sincerelyrepents."56This negativedesirecan only be overcomebyrepents.,,56 negative desire can be overcome# SahihAl-Bukhari, vol. pp.56 Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 8, pp. 297-8. no. 447. 297-8. no. 447.
  • 55. ThePurposeof Creation The Purpose of Creation of ones wealth charitably.Thus,giving of ones wealth charitably. Thus, Allah commanded commandedthe prophets collect charitythe prophets to collect charity from the more wealthy among the more wealthy among distribution amongthe poor.their followers for distribution among the poor. followers {If.t ~il J ~~ 4j..L..P ~Jo"i ~ ~} {g F.{5- ercl,r $.r.p dr.f i/ it} j1 "Take charity their purify "Take charity from their wealth to purify them grow." and make them grow." mrke Qurann9::1033 Qura 9 10 Charity was institutionalized in Islam from its inception Charity was institutionalizedin Islamfrom its inceptionunder the Arabic name, Zakaah 57 (compulsory charity). Everyunder the name,Zalcsahsi (compulsorycharity). Every surpluswealth is obliged give a set portionbeliever with surplus wealth is obliged to give a set portionbeliever the needyannuallyas an act of worship.of it to the needy annually as an act of worship. To withholdofZakaah is considered a major sin. Giving this charity helpsZakaah is considered major sin. Giving this charity helps a wealth is notthe believers to realize that their wealth is not their own tothe believers realizethatdo as they please. teachesdo with as they please. It teaches them that they are only them that they aretemporary custodians this wealth mustgive a portiontemporary custodians of this wealth who must give a portion ofof it to those who are destitute. Consequently, God describesof thosewho are destitute. Consequently, God describestrue believers thosewho recognize right of the needytrue believers as those who recognize the right of the needy as theto a portion their wealth.toa portion of their wealth. {~J~J JiiJJ ~ ~yi JJ} {t.rrt J1 jJW o *ltr.i *tr} "And in their wealth the beggars and needy have "And their heggars needy have a right." a right." Quran n l : 1 9 Q u r a 51:19 557 Literally zakaah means purification and growth.57 Literally zakaahmeanspurification andgrowth
  • 56. The The Purpose ofCreation of Creotion However, giving in charity shouldbe donesincerely However, giving in charity should be done sincerely forthe pleasure God, and notthe pleasure of God, and not for show or control of others. show or control others.The rewardfor charity is completelylost when is doneThe reward for charity is completely lost when it is done forworldly gains. Allah addressesthis reality in Chaptera/-worldly gains. Allah addresses this reality in Chapter al-Baqarah as follows:Baqarah as follows: {,",~~IJ ~4 ~iJ...p I~ ~ Ip,. ~.lh .tt~} {.rrlrj Cr.tUn*UJ.r l}le+i 1 l.;rb ,}riJl Qlr-} "O believers, "0 believers, do not destroy your acts of charity your acts of charity generosity and by reminders of your generosity and by injury." injury." Quran 2:264 Quran2:254 Craving wealth is further enhanced Craving for wealth is further enhanced by envy. envy.Consequently, God also instructed not desirewhat HeConsequently, God also instructed us not to desire what He ushas given others.God addresseshas given others. God addresses this issue in Chapter an- this issue ChaptetNisaaof the final revelation follows:Nisaa of the final revelation as follows: as {~js- ~ 4~ j..:Ai l.a I~ ~J} {p. Jt p.fu4 or.irrJtai r" r9r.sI;} "Do not wish for that by which Allah has favored "Do for that Allah has some of you over others." some of Quran 4:32 Quran4:32 The Prophet (~) reiterated divine pieceof advice, The Prophet(4E) reiterated this divine piece of advice, thissaying, "Look to those less fortunate than you, and do notsaying, those lessfortunate than you,look to thoseaboveyou; it is betterfor you, in order that you those above you,do deny what has blessed you vith."58do not denywhatAllah has blessed When human vou with. ,,58 When humant r S a h i h A l - B u k h a r v,o l . 8 , p . 3 2 8 . i58 Sahih Al-Bukhari. vol. 8. p. 328. n o . 497. .anddSahih h u s l i m ,vol.. 4.. p . Muslim. v o l 4 p. no. 4 9 7 a n S a h i MI 7070. 1530. no. 7070.
  • 57. The Purpose of Creationbeings focus their attentionon thosewho have more wealthbeings focus attention those have more wealththan they do, envy beginsto develop.They usually feel andthan do, begins develop. usually feel andexpress that God has been unfair to them. Ultimately, theyexpress has been them. theymay commit many sins to fulfill their desirefor what othersmay commit many sins fulfill desire othershave. Instead, Islam advises them to considerthose lesshave. Instead, Islam advises them consider those lessfortunate than themselves. No matter how difficultfortunate than themselves. matter difficultcircumsta;nces may be, there are always others in morecircumstances may be, there are always others moredifficult situations. Consequently, reflecting on others lessdiffrcult sinrations.Consequently, reflecting others lessfo.rtunatereminds beings of the m~ny bountiesfortunate remindshuman beingsof the many bountieswithwhich God has blessed them. It is in this spiritual strugglewhich God has blessed them. is this spiritualstruggleof avoiding envy that the higher quality of contentmentof avoiding envy that the higher quality of contentmentdevelops. Furthermore, according the teachingsof thedevelops. Furthermore, according to the teachings of theprophets,materialpossessions constitutethe real wealthprophets, material possessions do not constitute the real wealth doof this world. Aboo Hurayrah quoted the last Messenger (~)of this world. Aboo Hurayrahquotedthe last Messenger (d*)as saying, "Wealth is not [measured] in property, but inas saying, "F[/ealth [measuredJ property,contentment. ,,59contentment."59 doesnpt meanthat-human beingsshould Being content does npt mean that human beings should Being contentacceet whatever circumstance they find themselves, in ~nd notaccepJ whatevercircumstance they themselvesin 4nd nott y to betterthemselves. meansthat, after strivingto do onestry to better themseJves. It means that, after striving io do ones best achievea good standard living, one shouldacceptbest to achieve a good standard of living, one should accept destineswith a clearconscience. is only bywhat Allah destines with a clear conscience. It is only bywhat ofGod, aftermakinganeffo4leaving ones affairs in the hands ofGod, after making an effort, leavingonesaffairsin thehands rest from the desires the pleasuresthat the hearts find rest from the desires for the pleasuresthat the heartsof this world. In this regard, God states in Chapter ar-Rad this world. In this regard,God statesin Chapterof the final revelation: the final revelation:59 Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 8. p. 304, no. 453,
  • 58. fhe P"rprt" rf Crttttu Tht Purpose of Creation [s6f _t {y.#JI ~ ~I ~~ ~f} {+ptt ,jr"l" Arf* ft} "Indeed, it is in the remembrance of Allah that "Indeed, it is in the remem brance of Allah that heefts find rest." hearts find rest." Quran n13:288 Qura l3:2CalamitiesCalamities Tests this life alsocomein the form .misfortune Tests of this life also come in the fonn of misfortune"and calamitieswhich contributeto the spiritualgrowth theand calamities which contribute to the spiritual growth of thetrue believers and purify them of sin. Conversely, lifes teststrue believers furiff them sin.conversely,lifes tests and misfortunereminderrantbelievers return the correctof misfortune remind errant believers to return to the correct topath,and they punish disbelievers in this life before the next.path, and they punishdisbelievers this in beforethe next.PatiencePatience calamities are the foundation on which the higher Calamities are the foundatio on which the higher spiritual qualityof patience developed. consequently,it is spiritualquality of patience is developed. is Consequently, is not surprisingto find that the righteo-us subjectto many surprising that the righteous are subject many are trage~ies and-difficulties In tbeir lives~ Sad reported.that he tragediesanddifficultiesin their lives.sad reponedthatheaskedtheProphet(*) whoamongmankindhadthe mosttrials, asked the Prophet (:~) who among mankind had the mosttrials,and he replied, "The prophets, Ihen those most like them and he replied, prophets, then those most themand then those most like then. Man is testedaccording to then those them. tested level ofhis faith. If faith firm.the level of his faith. If his faith is firm, his trials increase trials severity, and ifin severity, and if there is weaknessin hisfaith, he u,ill be weakness his faith, willtried accordingly."ootried accordingly. ,,60 True patienceis the productof completetrust in God at True patience is the product of complete trust in God atthe time of calamity.Trust in onesLord is an importantaspectthe time of calamity. Trust in ones Lord is an important aspecto Collected by at~Tirmi!hee and Ibn M~jah and authenticated in (iaheeb.60 cof lectedby at-Tirmitheeand Ibn Maaiah and authenticatedin saheehSunanat-Tirmilhee.vol. 2. p. 286. no. 1956.Sunan at- Tirmi! vol. 2. p. 286. no. 1956.
  • 59. The Purpose ofCreation The Parpose of Creationof worship and the naturalconsequence real faith. Sinceof worship and the natural consequence of real faith. Since meansacceptingthat nothing takesplaceinbelief in Allah means accepting that nothing takes place inthe universe withoutHis permission, only Allah deserves thenthe universe without His permission, then only Allah deserveshumankinds complete trust.For. is only Godspromise thathumankinds complete trust. For, it is only Gods promise thatis neverbroken. matterhow righteousa humanbeing mayis never broken. No matter how righteous a human being may she is capable error.Humans always letbe, he or she is capable of error. Humans will always letbe, heeach other down due their erring nature.Consequently,each other down due to their erring nature. Consequently,Allalr quotesProphet Jacobin ChapterYoosuf saying:Allah quotes Prophet Jacob in Chapter Yoosufas saying: as I {4Jys~ JS ~~).;$ y ~ ~ "ll ~ 4Jl} +J*r .:5j 4r ii} )l r}G.Jrtl} {o_rtEr"l, J51,a)o "The decision rests only with Allah. I put my trust decisionrests in Him alone, and all who trust should trust only alone,and should in Him." Quran ]2:67 Quran 12:67 Allah furtherassures humankind that if they put their Allah further assures humankind that if they put theircompletetrustin Him, He be sufficient them in their forcomplete trust in Him, He will be sufficient for them in theirmosttrying times.most trying times. {~ ~ ~ Js- JS" ~~ J} {..,.--r# * ,F ,F nrl1} "Whoever trusts in Allah, then He will suffice him." "ilhoeyer trusts Allah. then will suffice Quranu65:33 Qura 65: Trust in God is embodied the firm beliefthatAllah in Trust in God is embodied in the firm belief that Allahaloneknowsrvhatis bestfor hurnankind; firm beliefthat whatalone knows what is best for humankind; firm belief that whathumans may perceive beinggoodfor them may not, in ashumans may perceive as being good for them may not, inthe long run, be goodfor them.As Allah saidin Chapterthe long run, be good for them. As Allah said in Chapteral-Baqarah:al-Baqarah.
  • 60. lrnl fn" Prrp"tt Crr"tb, The Purpose of Creation "f u JAJ ~,~ 0i ~J ~ ~ JAJ ~ lJAP 0i ~J} JsJ U=$l1,.rr,i rtS F ,- pf l.:rr lJ^F .li .r.-s;] r)i {oJ ~ ~ ~iJ ~ ~J ~ ~ {liyllr; X d*,6,-, $J ,- "Perhaps you may dislike something and is good "Perhaps you may dislike something and it is good you, and you may like something and is bad for you, and you may like something and it is bad you. for you. Allah knows and you do not." knows and you do Quran 2:216 Quran2:216 The trials by which Allah tests human beingsare The trials by which Allah tests human beings arespecifically tailored to their own individual needs andspecifically tailored to their own individual needsandcircumstances. God creates trials eachpersonaccordingcircumstances. God creates trials for each person according their abilities in orderto bring out the bestin their abilities in order to bring out the best in them. Ittowould be unfair and unjust humanbeingsto be triedwould be unfair and unjust for human beings10 be triedbeyond theircapacities thenbepunished their failures. andbeyond their capacities and then be punished for their failures. forConsequently, God emphasizes manyverses the final inConsequently, God emphasizes in many verses of the finalrevelation that He is not unfair anyone.For example,Herevelation that He is not unfair to anyone. For example, Hesaysin Chapter al-Kahf:says Chapteral-Kahf: {t.r-i ~) ~ lJ} {.i:l-i eLtrdl{ T.,} "And your Lord does oppress "And your Lord does not oppress anyone." Quran I 8:49 Quran 18:49 If Allah is truly just, it means If is means thatthe trials humanbeings that the trials human beingsface in this life arenot beyondface this are beyond their ability to handle:In order handle: orderto reassure reassure humankind, humankind, Allah statesthis fact repeatedly states this fact repeatedly inthe Quran. An example His reassurance be found inthe example ofof reassurance may be found maythe secondchapter,entitled al-Baqarah:the second chapter, entitledal-Baqarah:
  • 61. The Purpose ofCreation htrpose of Creotion {~J~!~~~~} {td.-,r 1! L*ii ilr .,,,il5if} *Allah does not burden a soul beyond its capacity." "Allah does a beyond capacity. Quran 2:286 Quran 2:286 Furthermore,the promisesthat the Furthermore, the Almighty promises that the difficultsituationswhich humans face insituations which humans face in life will not be without not be withoutintervals rest.If trials werecontinuous theywould certainlyintervals of rest. If trials were continuous they would certainlybecome unbearable. Consequently" everytest is followed by abecome unbearable. Consequently. every test is followed by aperid relief,asAllah emphatically twice in Chapterperiod of relief, as Allah emphatically states twice in Chapter statesal-Inshiraah:al-Inshiraaft: {,)"""! .,,-all ~ iJ! I)"""! .,,-al ~ iJ 5} {r-,- -rjt g. 0! rr-r- ,..-rjt g. ilp} *For "For surely with difficulty comes [a period of] with difficulty comes [a ofl ense. with ease. Surely with the difficulty comes [another difficulty comes [another period of] ease." o{f ease." Quran 94:5-6 Quran 94:5-6DespairDespair It is due to this reality that suicide is explicitly prohibited is due thisrealitythatsuicideis explicitly prohibitedin Islam. Allah says in Chapter an-Nisaa :in Islam. says Chapteran-Nisaa: {~) ~ iJlS"~, iJ! ~i # ~J} {r.*.r,5 irE.rr Ol.lfuti lrLa It} yourselves, surely "Do not kill yourselves, for surely Allah is merciful with you." Quran 4:29 Quran 4:29
  • 62. Tn, P"rprt, Crr*i The Purpose ofCreation "f l?ol . t I tt I lr Those who commit suicideare basicallysayingthat Those who commit suicide are basically saying that God has burdened them beyondtheir capacity.They falselyGod has burdened them beyond their capacity. They falsely accuse the creator of treatingthem unfairly andtherebyfallaccuse the Creator of treating them unfairly and thereby fall into a corruptstateof disbelief.into a corrupt state of disbelief. Due to their rejection of faith, Dueto theirrejection faith, oftheir thoughts aboutGod becometheir thoughts about God become evil and they fall into utter evil andthey fall into ufferdespair. "Life," as they often say,,.is so unfair that it isdespair. "Life," as they often say, "is so unfair that it ispointless go on living." topointless to go on living." {lJ J)lS:J 1 ~jill ~1 ~ C)J .:r J~ ~ ~t} {ir1j$r fl4lt T! rlr 3;.r d/ -,,,! 1 4j!} only a disbelieving people despair "Surely only a disbelieving people despair of mercy." Allahs mercy." Quran 12:87 7 Quran 12:8 Consequently, God has informedhumankind Consequently, God has informed humankind that the that thepunishment thosewho harborevi I thoughtsabout Him ispunishment for those who harbor evil thoughts about isthe eternal tormentof hell. In Chapter al-Fat-hAttah says:the eternaltonnent of hell. In chapteral-Fat-lJ. Allah says: ~~ ~15"."..wJ a{rijr1 ;pU--bJt .rtfriJr; ~ ;oWlJ .ttriu.Jr; i^rrt;*Jtt;j--f } ~~L:..JJ ~L:..JI Y~J} Fts-lt)G eirr~J ,~r-l i;Tl ,r6J* ,J-Jt Ob Irr, ~J ,e k --ar-l pJr o;T~ ~ ~r-l ~ k4 {~~LJ~~~iJ {.0*, *:tL; F-fi .r4J.r*i-1 "That He may punish the hypocrites,men and "That He may punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the idolaters, men and women, who women, and the idolaters, men and women, who harbor evil thoughts about Allah. An evil torment harbor evil thoughts about Allah. An evil torment will encompassthem, forAllah is angry with them will encompass them, for Allah is angry with them and curses them. And He has prepared hell for and curses them. And He has prepared hell for them; an evil end." them; an evil end." Quran 48:6 Quran 48:6
  • 63. fn, P"rprt" rt Cr"ftt The Purpose ofCreation tg!HopeHope On the otherhand,the divine promises On the other hand, the divine promises ofjustice and ofjustice and mercy fill the believerswith the confidencenecessarymercy fill the believers with the confidence necessary to topatientlyfacethe difficultiesof this Iife. Consequently,patiently face the difficulties of this life. Consequently, hope hope in the mercyof God is an essential part of faith. Thosewhoin the mercy of God is an essential part of faith. Those whobelieve in Allah and patientlystriveto do what is right havebelieve in Allah and patiently strive to do what is right havethe right to hopefor His mercy,for He haspromisedto helpthe right to hope for His mercy, for He has promised to helpand supportthosewho are palient:and support those who ate patient: {~!~ t- ~I~! ~~IJ?~ Jo~-!;. " ;-~ ~~I ~"G} {+-r,riolgil athsl ,Jarjgaiti#;d,*+rr ft{ U} "O believers, seek help patience and "0 believers, seek help in patience and prayer. is those Truly, Allah is with those who are patient." are Quran 2: 153 Quran 2:153 cLfri ~~f ~, ~ ;rt"+:itr6 ~~J l;-~ ~~ ~!} 1 J"-. J IJJA~J IJf-Le ,t_liiro ++rr Lt} {?r"rP ~J~ i*;1 o;t;- {~~ ~~ hirlr ~~ ~~~ "Surely those who believed, emigrated and strove "Surely those believed, for the sake of Allah, hopefor Allah,s mercy, for for sake of Allah, hope for Allahs mercy, Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most-Merciful." Most-Merciful." Quran 2:218 Quran 2:218 Of course, paradiseis the reward for patiencebased Of course, paradise reward p~tience basedon sincere sincere beliefin God.God informsthe believers their God. God informs the believers of their ofrewardas follows:reward as foHows: 4yL-ir11a U! ijd "^;=";#.*,iii1 ~-y:~1 ll ~! U!J ~ 11 ~:_~a~ ~~l H! ;;jJr,s+..6t l)~ ~~I ?-iJ} {~~~ {o*..(,
  • 64. The Purpose ofCreation " announce glad tidings [of paradise] to those " announce [of paradise] those those afflicted with who are patient; those who, when afllicted with say: Truly belong Allah calamity, say: Truly we belong to Allah and to Him we will return." Him will return." Quran 2::155-6 6 Quan 2 155- Patience also based on the on that whateverbefalls Patience is also based the belief that whatever befallsmankind is fundamentally a consequence of their own evilmankind is fundamentallya consequence ofdeeds. 61 God reminds humankind of this reality in Chapterdeeds.6rGod remindshumankind this reality Chapter of reveiation,saying:ash-Shooraa of the final revelation, saying:ash-Shooraaofthe {~ ~ iiJ"tJ~, ~ -~ .. ~., .~ (.~f {-g,r rtr6{i z# W ~". r <-:w,f :I} ~ . V # ~ "-i;;ai u-ry : ,.~, a J t .esult of what your "Whatever befalls you is a result of what your "Whatever hands have earned. And He pardons much." hands have earned. Quran 42:30 Quran 42:30 humans much their The fact is, God has excused humans for much of their The fact is, God hasexcusedevil. WereHeto punishthemstrictlyaccording their deeds,evil. Were He to punish them strictly according to their deeds,they and all on earthwould be destroyed. God addresses thisthey and all on earth would be destroyed. God addresses thisissue in Chapter Faa[ir as follows:issuein Chapter Faagiras follows: {4ii;.. A.Jr~ ~r:: ~ i~.tJ !}l 1» 1o.,.J ·x } t{,t ~ 6}h &IG li.r 6iF ~u,,t itt ju;t3i-ijl " U .~i4 .J,(- t .Jt.JJ "And if Allah were to punish -people for what "And if Allih people they earned, He would not leave a living creature elrned, leave a on the face of the earth." on face the earth.t Quran 35:45 Quran 35:456r In fact. all of the corruption on earth is a product of human misdeeds.61 fact. all the corruption on earth is a product human misdeeds.Allah states that in Chapter ar-Room (30):41. quoted later in this booklet.Allah states that in Chapterar-Room(30):41.quotedlater in this booklet.
  • 65. l r r l TheeP u r p o sof Creationo n T h Purpose o f C r e a t i e ,. Consequently, both the trials of good and the tests of Consequently, both the trials of good and the tests of evil benefit the believer. The lives of the true believersare evil benefit the believer. The lives of the true believers are balanced betweenthe extremesof human behavior.They balanced between the extremes of human behavior. They neither become happywith lifes successes they forget so neither become so happy with lifes successes that they forget that God, nor do they becomeso depressed with lifes difficulties God, nor do they become so depressed with lifes difficulties and failures that they lose hope in God. Instead,they and failures that they lose hope in God. Instead, they remember theirLord andBenefactor, trust in His decisions. remember their Lord and Benefactor, and trust in His decisions. and ~uhayb ibn Sinaan related that the Messenger of Allah (~) Suhayb ibn Sinaanrelated that the Messenger Allah (*) said, "The of the believer is amazing! The whole of his said, "The affair ofthe believer is amazing! The whole ofhis is beneficial, is the case of the believer. life is beneficial, and that is only in the case ofthe believer. When times come him, he is thanffil When good times come to him, he is thankful and it is good isfor him, when times him, he isfor him, and when bad times befall him, he is patient and it is is godfor him.,,62 This is the state of one who has accepted also goodfor him.$2This is the stateof onewho hasaccepted also Gods destiny.Consequently, in both the goodand the Gods destiny. Consequently, belief in both the good and the apparentevil of what hasbeen destinedis the sixth apparent evil of what has beendestined is the sixth pillar of faith in Islam. faith in Islam. On the other hand,if the believers On the other hand, if the believers experience life experience a devoid of any problems,it should be taken as a sign that devoid of any problems, should be taken as sign that something is wrong. Under suchcircumstances, true something is wrong. Under such circumstances, the true the believermusttaketime out andreflecton the realities his or believer must take time and reflect on the realities of his ofher life. Either the testsare not obviousand they are unaware her life. Either the tests are not obvious and they are unawareof them or they havedeviatedfrom the right path.Allah of them they have deviated from the right path. informs the believersin Chapterat-Tawbahthat the apparent informs the believers Chapter at-Tawbah that the apparent enjoyment which the disbelievers takefrom their great wealthenjoymentwhich thedisbelievers from theirgreatwealth takeandchildrenis only a prelude theirpunishment.and children is only prelude to their punishment.t Sahih62 Sahih M u s l i m ,vol.. 4 . p . 1 5 4 1 . o . 7 1 3 8 Muslim, v o l 4. p. 1541. n 7138. no.
  • 66. r.......:L The Purpose of Creation of _ fl . ~.·J~~f1»,~*!-: ~ J (WT Y .~. r;l JW"J;~r ~l~f~~~} .,r-1 q H.i * bfiir+l.6lF!rJi;J Lilrf crhri J ~ ~ ("+! {~/)~ ;.A~ ~f JAj~ ~iJ {a#;? F; il$i 4,nyrg!.,sr "I)o be awed their their children. "Do not be awed by their wealth or their children. Allah only wishes to punish them with these things Allah wishes with these their souls in this life and allow their souls to die while they are in a state of disbelief." state of Quran 9:85 Quran 9:85 This is not say that the believers shouldyearn This is not to say that the believersshould yearn forproblems and calamitiesin their lives, Allah hastaughtproblems and calamities in their lives, for Allah has taughtthem pray:"Our us a hurdenthem to pray: "Our Lord, do not put on us a burden likewhat you placed on those before US.,,63 Instead, they should placedon those before us.t-tInstead, they should whatevertrialsHe hasspared them.However,thank Allah for whatever trials He has spared them. However,thank Allahin times ease they mustremainvigilant and not becomein times of ease they must remain vigilant and not becomeoblivious tests, and happiness success often blindoblivious to tests, for success and happiness often blindpeople the trials life.people to the trials of life.ReminderReminder serveas a punishingreminder those Tests sometimes serve as a punishing reminder to those Tests sometimes goneastrayand an encouragement themwho have gone astray and an encouragement for them towho havereturn to the correctpath. When peopledeviate,they seldomreturn to the correct path. When people deviate, they seldomlisten the advice thosearoundthem. However.when alisten to the advice of those around them. However, when acalamity strikes them or those near and dear to them, it joltscalamity strikes them thosenearand dear them,thosewho still havesomefaith into recognizing their effor.those who still have some faith into recognizing their error. {ai.||^iilrl,rlt ,-,r;;it ;rlr ,-,rjiir ill ;16r Soorah aJ-Baqarah (2):286.6J Soorahal-Baqarah(2):286
  • 67. The Purpose ofCreation s164 "164 will make them taste a lesser punishment will make them taste a lesser punishment before the greater punishment that perhaps they before the greater punishment that perhaps they may return [to the right pathl." may return [to the right path]." Quran 32:21 Quran 32:21 The testof calamities which remindhumankind their The test of calamities which remind humankind of their ofdeviationmay come in the form of mans inhumanityto hisdeviation may come in the form of mans inhumanity to hisfellow man, as in the caseof the unspeakablefellow man, as in the case of the unspeakable atrocities atrocitiesunleashed the Serbs against the Bosnian Muslims who hadunleashed bybythe serbsagainst Bosnian the Muslimswho hadstrayed far away from Islam,or saddamsbrutal invasionstrayed far away from Islam, or Saddam s brutal invasion Kuwait andAmericassubsequent indiscriminateof Kuwait and Americas subsequent indiscriminate bombing bombingof civilian targets in Iraq. Allah points out that whatever civilian targets in Iraq. Allah pointsout that whateverhumans suffer at the hands other humans,humans suffer at the hands of other humans, they brought they broughtupon themselves. However,the sufferingis a reminderupon themselves. However, the suffering is a reJ!linder totoreturnto the path of righteousness.return to the path of righteousness . &-a+J.-rr 1r ~ ~ .} :..u L....JI ~,-. ~.~Jft -,;;UI f r ~I Ill :.i:.} ~--,~ sr:il#;" FJ; ..r~. i*lj, ;gl , {~ P.r..- ~;I ~~_ ~- -.- . .i_c. .is, -.. lt+t-il$ ir,rt +rnt ,-i*. 6Corrufiion has appeared "Corruption has appeared on the land and in the sea becauseof what mans hands have earned,in sea because of hands have earned, in order that [Allahf may make them taste a part of order that [Allah] taste part of what they have done, and in order that thev mav what they have done, and in order that they may return Ito the right path]." return [to the right path]." Quran 30:41 Q u r a n3 0 : 4 164 *1tr;r.rin64 "We" in the originalArabic is the majesticwe.referring God. the original Arabic is the majestic ·we. referring to God. to
  • 68. The Purpose ofCreation The of CreatianHypocrisy Calamitiesalso exposethosewho falsely Calamities also expose those who falsely claim faith, as faith, as as show thosewho disbelievethat they choosehellwell as stmw those who disbelieve that they choose hell bytheir own free There have beenmany cases peopletheir own free will. There have been many cases of peopleconverting Islam the wrong reasons,converting to Islam for the wrong reasons, and after finding and aftermore difficulties in their lives than prior to their conversion,more difficulties in their livesthan prior to their conversion,they revert their former beliefs. God statesin Chapterthey revert to their former beliefs. God states in Chapter al- Ankaboor the final Ankaboot of the final revelation: revelation: ti st ri;lt-r ..AJ €t;i jii uiirrioi,"or L.-;(l ~~J ~~ ~ jp; ~~ ij~ ~f ij;; ~f ~!JI ~f} {c*,i63rinrffilij*c*. br;.ju1r1g5 {~~Sjl ~I ~:.jJ i)J.:p ~~I ~I :;.iA;ij ~ ~!:i ~ ~~I neit, "Do people "Do people imagine that they will be left alone will be alone and not tested with affliction because they say, tested with aflliction because say, We ~5 We believe? Indeed, 1 have tested thos~ before tt have tested those • you. Allah will know those who are truthful and Allah will those truthful those who lie." those Quran 29:2 Qwan 29:2PunishnentPunishptent Those transgressthe Those who transgress the limits set by God expose set God exposethemselves to punishment this life and the next. Throughoutthemselves punishment in this in andthe next.ThFoughoutthe Quran, describes pastthe Quran, Allah describes numerous past nations who rejected numerous nations who rejecteddivine guidance and were subsequentlydivine guidance and were subsequently destroyed. These destroyed. Thesestories serve as warningsto humanityof the consequencesstories serve as warniJlgs humanity of the consequencesof rebellionagainst commandments God. In Chapterof rebellion against the commandments of God. Chapter the ofan-Noor, Allah gives a generalwarning as follows:an-Noor, gives general warning as follows:55 "yy.r65 "We" in the original Arabic is the majestic we, referring to Cod- the original the majestic we, referring God.
  • 69. l / - - fn" nrp"t" rI?r""t*" The Purpose ofCreation I rlt U I ., , , . t, :: ,.. " !.., t, oAo;;ifr . t, . , " .~I~ ~ : i, ~} "e ._,41 J ~ ~ lJ Of .:r lJ~1li""! iJ.":!J) _,qii1 "{~r~,Js 1ii -;rl; 53L€t those "Let those who contradict his command beware a his commtnd beware a trial a ltevere trial or a severe punishment." Quran 24:63 Quran 24:63 The punishment may come a variety different ways. The punishment may come in a variety of different ways.Perhapsthe most obvious punishment afflicting humankindPerhaps the most obvious punishment humankindin all counffiestoday is the disease AIDS,66in all countries today is the disease AIDS,66 which appeared which appeared the first time in medicalhistory in the beginning thefor the first time in medical history in the beginning of the80s.6?The vast majority thosewho are affectedby80S.67 The vast majority of those who are affected by itaround the globeare the promiscuous. Initially homosexualsaround the globe arethe promiscuous. Initially homosexualswerethemainvictims,thenbisexuals, followedby promiscuouswere the main victims, then bisexuals, followed by promiscuousheterosexuals intravenous and drug users. ofthesegroupsheterosexuals and intravenous drug users. All ofthese groupswere in open rebellion against the divine laws that restrictwere in openrebellionagainstthe divine lawsthat restrictsexual relations malesand femaleswithin the bounds ofsexual relations to males and females within the boundsofmarriage and those laws that prohibit the use of intoxicants.marriage andthoselaws that the use of intoxicants.Some may point out that AIDS was also spreadto chasteSome may out that was also spread chasteindividuals throughblood transfusions to childrenbyindividuals through blood transfusions and children by andtheir parents.their parents. However,medicalstatistics However, medical statistics show that such show that suchcasesarerelativelyfew in comparison the othercategories.cases are relatively comparison to the other categories.In any case,Allah has warned in Chapteral-Anfaal of the any case, has warned Chapter al-Anfaal of thetr66 Acquiredimmunedeficiencysyndrome (AIDS) is a conditiontransmined Acquired immune deficiency syndrome condition transmittedby a virus which anacksttrebodys syst€mof defenceagainst disease. attacks the system of defence agains disease. leaving leavingthe sufferer extremely vulnerable diseasethe sufferer extremely vulnerable to disease and likely to die eventuallyfiom and eventually tromany one that he or she catches.(Chambers PocketDictionary, p t9 )anyone that he or she catches. (Chambers Pocket Dictionary, p. 19.)6? It tras67 It was first identified in 1981.(The New EncvclopaediaBritannica, first identified in 1981. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica,v o f. 1 0 ,p . 6 7 6 . )vol. 10, p. 676.)
  • 70. fn, nrprt" tf Cr"tt*" The Purpose ofCreation Ufinal revelationthat when His punishmentcomesit is notfinal revelation that when His punishment comes it is not limited to the evil, but affectsthe societyas a to the evil, but affects the society as a whole. ~ ~f i~(, ~~ ~ i~ ~~ ~:_;o1 ~ ~ i.,i1IJ} lnrlf r-,[bt zbvJq.r{ib ,y-$r T i4 i-,iir} i# {y~I~~ {+qlr fu+s "Beware of a trial "Beware of a trial which will not amict only the afflidt only the among you, and sinful among you, and know that Allah is severe is severe punishment." in punishment." Quran 8:25 Quran 8:25 One thousand hundredyearsagohophet Muhammad One thousand four hundred years ago Prophet Muhammad(*)(~) prophesied coming sucha trial. Ibn Umar quoted the prophesied the coming of such a trial. Ibn Vmar quoted as saying, "Fl4teneverhim as saying," Whenever promiscuity is openly practiced openly practicedamong a people, a plagae and anguish will spread amongamong people, plague ang;uishwill amongthem whichwas unknownthem which was unknown to their predecessors."ut predecessors.,,68 However, Ho*ever,AIDS is only one in a series of diseases. Before AIDS, a is only ~ne in a series diseases. of Before AIDS, awarning came in the form of another disease called herpes,warning camein the form of anotherdisease calledherpes,which becamewhich became widespread widespread amongthe sexuallypromiscuous among the sexually promiscuousbeginningin the 1960s and 70s.It was declared epidemicbeginning the 1960s and 70s. was declared an epidemic anin America in the mid-seventies, thereis no known cure America the mid-seventies, and there and known curefor it until today.Peoplesattentionswitchedfrom it by the today. Peoples attention switched theend of the 70s because was not fatal,6eend of the 70s because it was fatal,69 while AIDS was. was.6t Collected by M~iah and authenticated in s.ab.eeb. Sunan lbn Maajah," coflectedby Ibn Maajahand authenticated gafueefisunan Maajah, Ibnvol. 2. p. 370, no. 3246. vol. 2, p. 370, no. when69 When symptoms symptoms occur,fever and malaiseare followed by burningpain in occur, fever and malaise are followed by burning pain inthe genitalareaand enlargement ttre lymph nodesin the groin. Blistersand the genital area and enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin. Blisters and ofsmall ulcers are usually found in the areaof infection. and there is severesmall ulcers are usually found in the area of infection. and there is severepain and burning upon urination. (?"heNew EncyclopaediaBritannica,pain and burning upon urination. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica,v o l .2 1 ,p . 5 3 6 . )vol. 21. p. 536.)
  • 71. The Purpose of Creation Purpose of Creationilhy Did God Create the World?Why Create PURPOSE, RELATIVE HUMANKIND. which RELATIVE TO HUMANKIND, lORwhichfTtHEHE PURPOSE, TO FORT I the world and its contents -the world and its contents werecreatedis specifically were created is specifically I defined in the final revelation. defined the final revelation. Allah saysin ChaptersIbraaheerrand al-Anaam:#Ibraaheem and a/-An aam:# says Chapters (.~U rt ~WI cr Jtit J ./}~J r]l;Lr-lt 6lt .riJr drr| CF.J ~L.. "I.-Jt iJ JJi ; sltl ~)U ~ ~..u, .i»1} J oy! .,r.Jr g;ts cllilr ~ ,*, ts u;, c;rr.:ltgr t 0...... 4 ~ ,/ ,-?~~, F ~J ~ ij) ~."..:J;r 4.! ~) ~h ~) ~ ~ ~). .ltgr1r r*: Jutg-;Tr r*.Jrl r..lJr F -pS. JI+i~ F ~) ~ {rreJ; ~ {J~J ##J j.:J "Allah is the one Who created the heavens and the "Allah is the one created the heevens earth and sent the and earth and sent down rain from the sky and with it brought out fruit for your provision. He has put fruit has ships in service, sailing through the sea ships in your service, sailing through the sea by His command; and likewise He has put the rivers in command; and likewise He has the rivers the sun and moon your service. He has also put the sun and moon in your service.He has also to you; and He made their orbits to be of service to you; and He made their orbits to be of senice the night and day in your setryice." the night and day in your service." Quran 14:32-33 Quran 14:32-33 ~~ ,;4-- ~J ~J ~ ~ ~J r.~~ JIj} eJ-Ji ut,-.r -jrrl.p;Jr, u(,.plr ]ql3lr)t du) ~ ~ J~ ~~ ~ ~ I$jJ Jib) .~ jtjAl;..J.Aj ..# ra r;-ua:l f3z"Jl F jtt giiit rrr nlrlt -iiFt ./-$i {iJ~ ~~ ~4~ W,.aj J,j ~J.r.3 ~~ {O-r"t--pyJ .:u-lt Ll-4, .ri ,r,Jt, ,Jt +t Ib
  • 72. The Purpose ofCreation "[It is Hel who causesthe daybreak, made the night "[It is He] who causes the daybreak, made the night for rcst, and the sun and moon for calcu}rting [timel. for rest, and the sun and moon for calculating [time]. That is the determination of the Al-Mighty, the That is the determination of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. It is He who has made the stsns for All-Knowing. It is He who has made the stars for your guidance in the darkness on land and at sea. your guidance in the darkness on land and at sea. I hsve explained in detail these signs I have explained in detail these signs for people people who know." who Quran 6:96-7 Quran 6:96-7 The contentsof this world were created the service The contents of this world were created for the service humankind. whether theyareproducts mans invention,of humankind. Whether they are products of mans invention,like ships, they are natureitself, all have beengrantedlike ships, or they are nature itself, all have been granted byGod for the benefit ofkuman beings. However, such gifts areGod the benefitof humanbeings.However, such arenot without responsibility. Humansare required recognizenot without responsibility. Humans are required to recognize bountiesand merciesand give thanksAllahs bounties and mercies and give thanksto Him and andgloriff example, taughtglorify him. For example, He taught the believersin Chapter believers Chapteraz-Zukhrufto pray as follows wheneverthey ride an animalaz-zukhrufto pray as whenever they animalor vehicle: vehicle: {.-L/, F+JL-dl t5l ~J i*rj lJJSii ~ o-l-f+li ~ ~J""--"I 1~1 F-l ~ IJ.?.lJ d 0JJf1 isle t1..rdj} ..P J~} -U!,f ~1 U1J -f.r. dJ15 [r1 ljl Ul ,r.- .g;jJrrtUr=. ,: IIi jiJJ s-JI ~~ .y LoS" lotJ l,la l;l .~ ~.lJI IJ~ j1ol {IJ~I~U {o11;;*l r{, "For you to mount the backs [of animalsl then "For to mount the backs [of animals] then remember your Lords blessing,saying: Glory be remember your Lords blessing, saying: Glory be to He who made this subseruient to us, and we to He who made this subsenrient to us, and we could not have done so ouruelves.And indeed our could not have done so ourselves. And indeed our return is to our Lord." return is to our Lord." Quran 43: 13 Quran 43:l3
  • 73. The Purpose ofCreation Human beingsalso carry the responsibilityto governthe Human beingsalso carry the responsibility to govern thecreation accordingto the laws of God.This is mans purposecreation according to the laws of God. This is mans purposerelative to the restof cteation.They arecommanded utilizerelative to the. rest of creation. They are commandedto utilize tothe contentsofthisworld accordingto the laws of God.Aboothe contents ofthis world according to the laws of God. Aboo Sa"eed al-Khudree quoted Allahs Messenger (#E)as saying,saeed al-Khudree quotedAllahs Messenger(~) as saying,,The world is beautiful and green, and Allalr-be Heexalted HThe world green. and Allah-be He exalted-has madeyou governors over it to seehowyou will act."10 -has made governors it see you will act. ,,70Human beingsare not free to do with the world asthey please. Human beings are free with as please.Consequently, the negativeattitude of secularmaterialistConsequently, the negative attitude of secular materialist society towards natureis contraryto divine revelation. societytowards nature contrary revelation. as an enemyto be Materialist society regardsnatureas an enemy be Materialist society regards nature conquered. It is not enough to appreciate the bbautyof mount conquered. is not enough appreciate beauty of mount the Everest,instead,lives have be lost everyyear conquering Everest, instead, lives have to be lost every year in conquering by climbing to its summit. is not sufficient maruelat the it by climbing to its summit. It is not ~ufficient to marvel at the exotic animals of the world, instead, during the safaris of exotic animals the world, instead, during the safaris animalswere lruntedinto the past century, many of these animals were hunted into the pastcentury,many of these extinction to provide trophiesfor Westernliving rooms extinction to provide trophies for Western living rooms. Although safarishavenow beenstopped, reduced the Although safaris have now been stopped, the reduced numbersnumbers continue be threatened to of animals like the rhinoceros continue to be threatened with of animalslike the rhinoceros with extinctionduetothe imporfance their horns of extinction due to the importance of their horns as an ingredient asan ingredient medicines aphrodisiacs andfor Far Eastern traditional medicines and aphrodisiacs. for Far Eastern traditionalAnimalsAnimals According to the final revelation, killing animalsfor According to the final revelation, killing animals for Abbaas sport is forbiddenand sinful in the sight of God. Ibnsport is forbidden and sinful in the sight of God. Ibn "Abbaas o p. 432, no. 6606.70 Sahih Muslim. vol. 4,p 6606. Sohih Muslim,vol. 4.
  • 74. -:,z1 The .Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creatiln .reported the Messenger ofAllah (~) as saying, "Do not take asreportedthe MessengerofAllah (49)as saying, take asa target any living thing. ,,71 Taking the life of any living animal tqrgetany livingthing."Tr Takingthe any animalis prohibitedunless is protection humanlife,is prohibited unless it is for food, for protection of human life, food, clothing.Killing fun and enjoymentis fundamentallyor for clothing. Killing for fun and enjoyment is fundamentallyevil. And, evenwhen theevil. And, even when the life of a human is taken for crimes of a humanis taken crimesagainst society, theagainst society, or the life of an animal is taken for food, it an animal is taken food,must be done as painlessly as possible. Shaddaad ibn Awsmrist be doneaSpainlessly possible. as Shaddaad ibnrecounted things which he remembered Messengerrecounted two things which he remembered the Messenger theof Allah (~) saying, "Surely Allah has enjoined goodness for (*) saying,"Surely has enjoinedgoodnessforeverything;sowhenlnu execule someone, sodo god wryeverything; so when you execute someone. do so in a good wayand when you slaughter an animal, do so in a good way. Let when an animal,do so god wuy.every one of you sharpen his /entre ami al{ow the slaughteredevery one of shrpen hislorife wtd all.owthe slaughteredanimal to die comfortab~v.,,72 AIthough some ~animal loversanimal to die comfortablv."lT Although some an imal loversin Western countries haveopposed Islamicmethodof thein Western countries have opposed the Islamic method of animals,the Westepralternative stunningtheslaughtering animals, the Western alternative of stunning theslaughteringanimalsby electricshock crushingblows the headareanimals by electric shock or crushing blows to the head arefar more painful the animals.When the neck isfar more painful to the animals. When the neck is cut by an anextremelysharpknife, the animal doesnot feel and quicklyextremely sharp knife, the animal does not feel it and quicklyloses consciousness the heartpumpsits blood out theloses consciousness as the heart pumps its blood out of the ascarotid arteries.carotid arteries." Sahihi hM u s l i mvol. . 3.. p.. 1079. . o . 4813. .71S o h Muslim, v o l 3 p 1 0 7 9 no. 4 8 1 3 , n Hishaam ibn Zayd reponed that when he and his grandfather:Anas ibn Hishaam Zayd rcported that when he and his,erandfather.Anas ibnMaalik. visited the home of Hakam ibn Ayyoob, [they saw] some peopleMaalik. visited the home ofHakam ibn Ayyoob. [they saw] some peopleusing a hen as a target fOT their arrows. Anas related that Allahs Messengerusing a hen as a targetfor their arrows.Anas relatedthat Messengerhad forbidden the tying of animals [as targets]. Sahih Muslim, vol. 3. p.had forbidden the of animals [as targets].Sahih Muslim, vol. 3. 4182.1078. no. 4182.1 Sohih Muslim, vol. 3, p. Sahih Muslim, vol. 3, p. 1078. no. 4810.
  • 75. ThePurposeofcrearion The Purpo...e of Creation f Caringfor animalsis enshrined the divine law, even Caring for animals is enshrined in the divine law, even inin the caseof dogs,which are generallybarred from Muslim the case of dogs, which are generally barredfrom Muslim Hurayrah quoted the Prophet (~) as saying,homes. 73 Aboo Hurayrahquotedthe Prophet(fr) as saying,"A man becamelhirsty while walking, so he climbed down man became thirsty walking, so he climbed downa well and drankfrom it. On coming out he saw a thirsty dog drankfrom sclw dog Thispanting and eating mud. The man said [to himseffi, Thispanting mud. The [to himselfl,animal is as thirsty as I wss. So he climbed down the well as as I was. So he downandfilled his shoewith water. He then held his shoe between filled his shoe water. then shoe betweenhis teeth, climbed out and gave lhe dog water. AIIah thankedhis teeth, gave the water. Allah thankedhim andforgave him [and put him in paradisr|-"o The peoplehim andforgave him [and him paradisej.,,74 The peopleasked, "0 Messenger of Allah! Do we get a rewardforasked, "O Messenger Allah! Do we get rewardserving animals?" He replied, "In [the serviceofl everylivingserving animals?" replied,"ln [the service oj) every Hebeing there is a reward. ,,75 Aboo Hurayrah also narrated thatheing there is reward."75 Aboo Hurayrahalso narrated thatAllahs Messenger(H) said,"Allahforgave aprostituteAllahs Messenger (~) said, "Allahforgave a prostitute[among the Israelites/6 who tied her shoe to her scarfand[among the IsraelitesJ16 who tied her shoeto scarf anddra,v out somewater [fro* wellJfor dog that-s^he dying sawdrew out some water [from a well] for a dog that she saw dying of that, Allahforgave her-"" Conversely,of thirst. Because ofthat, Allah forgave her." 77 Conversely, of thirst.Because 73 from keepingdogs as pets.However,guard73 Muslims are discouraged from keeping dogs as pets. However, guard Muslims are discouraged dogsandhuntingdogsarepermined. Ibn Umar quotedAllahsdogs, sheep dogs and hunting dogs are permitted. Ibn Umar quoted Allahs dogs.sheepMessenger (~) as saying, ., Whoever keeps a dog for other than watching Messe nger (*) as saying,"lvhoeverkeepsa dogfor other than vatching the herd or hunting, wi[l lose the weight of two mountdinsfront his[scalethe herd or hunting, will lose the weight oftwo mountains from his [scale daity^(SahihMuslimvol.3- p. 826. no 38l5)ofgood] deeds daily.· (Sahih Muslim. vol. 3. p. 826, no, 3815.) of goodJdeeds n74 Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 1. p. 120. no, 174. vol. l. p. 174. SohihAl-Bukhari, ,t SohihAl-Bttkhari. vol. 3, pp. 551.and Sahihlvfuslint. vol. 4.75 Sahih Al-Bukhan, vol. 3, pp. 322-3. no, 551. and Sahih Muslim. vol. 4.pp. .1215-6. .no. .5577.7 . pp l2l5-6 no 557 "76 Al-Bukhari,vol. 4. pp.448-9-no. 673. Sahih A/-Bukhari. vol. 4. pp. 448-9. no. 673. Snlrih ,, Sohih Al-Bukhari, vol. vot. 4. pp. 538. and Sahih lvluslim.77 Sahih A/-Bukhari. vol. 4. pp. 338-9. no, 538. and Sahih Muslim. vol.4. .p. .1216. 6n o 5579, 9 4 p 1 2 1 no. . 5 5 7 .
  • 76. rn" nrpgts yf Cr:ttW The Purpose ofCreation lT4| _ harming animals is a major sin according Islamiclaw.harming animals is a major sin according to Islamic law. to Abdullaah ibn Umar relatedthat the Messenger Allah Abdullaah ibn Umar related that the Messenger of Allah of said, oAwomwt wasptmished andplaced in helt becauseofsaid, "A woman was punished and placed in hell because of a cat which she imprisoned until il died. She neither gave ita cat which she imprisoned until it died She neither gave it nor water, nor did she set itfree to eatfrom the rodentsfood nor water, nor did she set itfree to eatfrom the rodentsofthe earth." 78 of the earth."18 There are circumstances There are circumstances where it is necessary to inflict where is necessary to pain on animals,suchas hitting animalsto get them to move pain on animals, such as hitting animals to get them to move and brandingthem identification. However, even in theseand branding them for identification. However, even in these situations, God gave instructions protectthem. Jaabirsituations, God gave instructions to protect them. Jaabir reported that the Prophet (#) prohibitedreported that the Prophet (j:$) prohibited striking animals in animals theirfacestheir faces or branding them on their faces. 79 them on theirfaces.leVegetationVegetation Humankindsresponsibility looking after this world Humankinds responsibility of lookingafter this world ofdoesdoes not stop at serving animals. The vegetable stop servinganimals.The vegetable kingdom iskingdom isalso highly regarded divine law.Somuchso,that Muslimsalso highly regarded in divine law. So much so, that Muslimsengagedin war areforbiddento destroy fruit trees,toand evenengaged are forbidden destroy trees,80 and eventhe planting of trees is consideredan act of charity. Jaabirthe planting of trees considered an act of charity. Jaabirquoted Allahs Messenger as saying,"Any Muslim whoquoted (~) Messenger (#) as saying, Muslim whoplants a tree gains the reward of giving in charity. What is reward ofgiving Whateatenfrom il is chmity, wlmt is stolenfrom it, wlnt the animalseaten from it charity, what it, what" Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4, p., vol. 4. p.78 Sahih A/-Bukhari, vol. 4, p. 456. no. 689. and Sahih Muslim,vol. 4. p. vol.1 2 1 5no. .5573. 3 . 1215. n. o 5 5 71eSahihMuslim. vol.3. p t1163, no. 5281.79 Sahih Muslim. vol. 3, p. MuwattaImamMalik p. 200,no.958. and authenticated byal-Albaanee80 Muwatta Imam Malik, p. 200, no. 958. andauthenticated al-Albaanee byin lrwaaal-Ghaleel, 5. p. I190. in Irwaa al-Ghaleel, vol. 5. p. 13-4. no. 1190. vol.
  • 77. The Purpose o[ Creation Putpose of Creatlon fl eat and what the birds eat, is all charity. Anyone or anything frd wlnt the eat, all or that takes from it earns for the planter the reward of [giving tlnt takesfrom earnsfor the planter the reward of[giving in] charity. ,,8] Islam encourages that no effort should be spared ,nJ clrorty.*l Islamencouragesttrat shouldbe spared in planting, even if it becomes the last thing that the believer planting, even if becomesthe last that the believer can do in this life. Anas related that the Prophet(48)said,"If can do Anas relatedthat the Prophet (~) said, "ffthe-the [signs oj} the beginning ofthe Day ofResurrection appesr fsigts ofl ttrc beginning the of of Resurrectionappear and one ofyou has a seedling in his hand, he should plant one of you has seedling hand, he plant it if he is able to do so before the resurrection begins."82 ,f he is so before the resurre.ctionbegins. ,,82 Consequently, human beings have a responsibilityto look Consequently,human beingshave responsibility after all aspects ofthe environment in which they were created after aspects environment which they were created as a sacred duty to God. This requires an active opposition as a sacredduty God. requiresan active opposition the massivepollution and destructionof natural habitats to the massive pollution and destruction of natural habitats caused by todays materialistic, consumer societies the world caused todays materialistic, consumer societies the over. According to revela.tion, negligence of this duty is over. According revel4tion,negligenceof this considered a sin while fulfillment of it is an act of worship. considereda sin is an act of worship." Sahih Muslim, vol. 3, p. 818, no. 3764.II SahihMuslim, vol. 3, p. 818, no. 3764.12Collected by Ahmad in al-Musnad. vol. 3. pp. 183, ]84 and 191, and11 Collected byA[mad inal-Musnad.vol.3.pp. 183, 184and l9l, and al-Adab al-Mufrad, no. 479. and authenticated al-al-Bukhaaree in al-Adab al-Mufrad. no. 479. and authenticated by al-al-BukhaareeAlbaaneein Silsilahal-Ahaadeeth ag-$afteeftah. vol. l, p. I l. no. 9.Albaanee in Silsilah al-A!J.aadeeth a§.-s.a!1ee!J.ah. vol. I, p. ] 1, no. 9.
  • 78. The ~rpose ofCreation Conclusion Conclusion ITHOUTKNOWLEDGE THEPURPOSE cTeation, ITHOUT KNOWLEDGE OF THE PURPOSE OF creation, oF oFW human beingswander aimlesslythrough life, like human beings wander aimlessly through life, like shipsat seawithout rudders. Their goalsare either ships at sea without rudders. Their goals are either wrong due to incorrect religious teachings, materialisticwrong due to incorrect religious teachings, or materialisticand thu~ confined to this world. It is, therefore, essential for and thus confined to this world. is, therefore,essential their own well-being that theytheir own well-being that they know why God created them. whyGod createdthem. Fundamentally; Allah createdin order manifest Fundamentally~ AJIah created in order to manifest His attributes.consequently,creation is the consequenceattributes. Consequently, creation is the consequence of His of being the creator, paradise manifests being the Creator, paradise manifests His Mercy and Grace, and Grace, hell His Justice, humankinds errorshell His Justice, humankinds errors His Forgiveness, living Forgiveness, and beingsand non-living beings His Generosity, etc. The significance Generosity,etc. The significance of knowing that creation is ~ mean,s by which Allah manifests knowingthatcreationis a means which manifests atfibutes isthathuman beings can then correctly recognizeHis attributes is that human beingscan then correctly recognizeGod and acceptHis decreeandtheir destiny.However, it is ofGod and accept decree and destiny. However, of~ven greater importance that hpman belngsknow the p.urposeeJen greaterimportancethht h-uman beings purposefor which they werecreated. they were created. The finalRevelationtbachesthat The final Revelation teaches thatit is to worshipGod because worship because humankindmust worship Him in humankind must worshiporder to attain righteousness the spiritual stafusnecessary attain righteousness and status necessary enter enter paradise. The significanceof this knowledgeis that significance of knowledge is thathuman beingsunderstand worship is as mucha necessityhuman beings understand that worship is as much a necessity thatas eatingand breathingandthat it is not a favor they are doingas eating breathing and that it is not a favor they are doingfor God.for God. It is alsoessential It is also essential that humanbeingsgraspthe importance that human beings grasp the importanceof this worlds bountiesand trials. Without knowledgeof theof this worlds bounties and trials. Without knowledge of thepurpose behind their creation,humanstend to look at thispurpose behind their creation, humans tend to look at this
  • 79. The Purpose of Creation of Creationworld as being hostile to them. However,God createdit as being hostile them. However, God createdprimarily for their benefit. The testsof good and evil are benefit. The tests of good and aredesigned to bring out the higher spiritual qualitiesof thedesigned the higher spiritual qualities of thehuman being.However,humansare not ableto benefitfromhuman being. However, humans are not able benefitthe tests unless they put completetrust in God and havethe tests unless they complete trust God and havepatience in what He has destinedfor them. For those whopatience what has destined them. thosereject God, the trials of this world becomea punishmentreject God, the trials of this become punishment forthem in this life prior to the eternal punishmentin the nextthem this the eternalpunishment the Knowledge the purpose the world also makesthe Knowledge of the purpose of the world also makes thebeliever environmentally conscious. Humankind is responsiblebeliever environmentally conscious. Humankindis respons ibleto utilize the bounties this of justly. The creatures of theto utilize the bounties of this life justly. The creatures the of and the atmosphere have beenearth and seas, the vegetation and the atmosphere have beenearth and seas, vegetation the humansshouldtake great careput in his care. Consequently, humans should take great careput his care.Consequently, and the living creatures withinto preserve the environment and the living creatures within preserve environment theit as a means of giving thanks to God. as a means givingthanksto God. consciousness purpose, With such a comprehensive consciousness of purpose, With sucha comprehensivehuman beings become whole. They are transformed intohuman beings become whole. They are transformed into showingthe way righteousness.guides for humankind, showing the way to righteousness.guides for humankind,Consequently, Allah describes themasthe best mankindConsequently, Allah describes them as the best of mankindin the final revelation:in the final revelation: ~ IJ Jt---iJ J J~4 IJ Jr G...r WJ ~.ri 4..i ;?"- ~} JF-e rJ.f-sf si.l.f*lr+ Jytb;UJ r-;ri i.i ,.- ft.5l {~4 0~jiJ ~ {aUuril f,*tt best people chosen "You are the best people chosen for mankind "You are the mankind because you command righteousness, forbid evil because you command righteousness evil and believe in Allah." and believein Quran 3: I l0 QUfan 3: 110
  • 80. fA nrprt" Cr"tt*"The Purpose of Creation "f l-?sI _tIndex of HadeethsIndex of Hadeeths* [Allah createdJmercywith one htmdredparts...., I g"[Allah created} mercy with one hundred parts...." 18*AIIah a"Allah forgave a prostitute [among the Israelites} 73 [among the IsraelitesJ 7jwho tied her shoe... "who tied her shoe..."*Allah, the Almighty, has said: O son of Adam, as Zz"Allah, the Almighty, has said: 0 son ofAdam, ds 22 aslong as you call on Me: .." on Me..." man became"A man became thirsty while walking, so he 73 walking, so he 73climbed downclimbed down a well and drankfrom it....""Any Muslim who plants a tree gains the reward 74 plants reward 74of giving in charity."ofgiving charity. ""A woman was punished and placed in hell 74 woman was placed hellbecauseof a cat."because ofa if"Be aware that if the whole of mankind gathered ofmankind 17 17together..."together... ""Do not take as a target any living thing.""Do not take as a target any living thing. " 72 72"Dont you htow that Allah createdparadise and lg"Dont you know that Allah created paradise and 19hell..."hell..."
  • 81. lrat ItlrrThehrpose of Creati?nThe Purpose of Creation . ."He who innovates something in this matter of 38 innovates something of 38ours that is not of it will have it rejected. "ows of will have rejected." who loves hatesfor Allah... ""He who loves for Allah and hates for Allah... .. for 43 43*If Allahloves seruant"IfAllah loves a servant He informs angel Gabriel informs angel 45 45that He loves So-and-so... "that He lovesSo-and-so...""If a"If o man of gold, he man had a valley ofgold, he would desire 52 desire 52another...."another....""If the {signs ofl the beginning of the Day of 75"If the [signs ofl the of the of 75Resurrection appear... ,-Resurrectionappear...""Ifyou ask in proyer, ask only Allah. .. ""If ask prayer, ask Allah..." 46 46"If you"If did not commit sins and turn to Allah commit sins l8 18seeking His forgiveness...seeking Hisforgiveness ... ""Look to those less fortunate than you, and do not those lessfortunate than you, do 54 54look to those above you..."look to thoseabovevou...""O"0 Allah, thanks is due to You,jor it is You who 37 thanla due You,for You 37has clothed me it. "has clothed me with it. ""0 people of Quraysh, secure deliverance from"O people of Quraysh, secure deliverancefrom 48 48Allah. .. "Allah...
  • 82. The Purpose ofCreation"...prohibited striking animals in their faces or 74"...prohibited striking animals in their faces or 74branding them in theirfaces."branding them in their faces. ""Retlect on the creation of Allah but do not reflect Zs"Reflect on the creation ofAllah but do not reflect 25on Allah."on Allah.""Satsn come to everyoneof you and ask: Who 25"Satan will come to everyone ofyou and ask: Who 25 that?*created this and that?" is worship.""Supplication is worship. " 46 46"Surely Allah Allah has has enjoined goodness -fo, goodness for 72 72everything..."everything. ., ""The affair ofthe believer is amazing. .. ""The afair of the believeris amazing..." 63 63"The prophets,Ihen thosemostlike themand those 56 prophets, then those most them thosernostlike them..."most like them... ""The world is beautiful and green, and AIIah has world beautiful green, Allah 71 7lmadeyou governors over it..."made you governors it... ""To give Allah a partner even though He created 39"To give Allah a partner even though He created 39v1rt."you. ""Try your bestto do right...""Try your best to do right... " 23 23
  • 83. The Purpose of CreationThe Purpose ofCreation Wealth is"Wealth is not [measured] in property, but in 55 [measuredJ in property, but 55contentment."contentment. ""Wen AIIah created the universe. He made an"When Allah created the universe, He made an 18 l8obligation on Himself..."obligation on Himself.."When created Adam, He took from him a 27When Allah created Adam, He took from him a 27covenant a placecalledNamaan... atcovenant at a place called Namaan..."Wlteneverpromiscuity is openlypracticed among 68"Whenever promiscuity is openly prflcticed among 68a people, a plague and anguish will spread among people, willthem..."them...""Whoever po.ese^rses[the followingJ three 43"Pfhoever possesses fthe following] three 43characteristics has tastedthe sweetnesscharacteristics has tasted the sweetness offaith. .. " offaitlt...
  • 84. The Purpose 0/ CreationIndexIndex of Quranic Verses Verses"Abraham was"Abraham was neither a Jew nor a a Jew a 3:67 3:67 35 35Christitn...ttChristian...""Allah created"Allah created all things and He is the is 39:62 39:62 16 16agent...""Allah does not burden a soul beyond"Allah does a soul beyond 2:286 2:286 59 59its capacity." capacity.""Allah has favored some of you over"Allah has favored some youover 16: 7] 51 16:71 5l sustenance.ttothers in sustenance.""Allah is"Allah is the one Who created the one lVho created 14:32-3 69 14:32-3heavensand the earth.•."heavens earth..."*And Allah created"And Alleh created you all and whatever 37:96 37:96 16 16you do.""And if Allah were to punish peoplefor"And if punish people 35:45 35:45 62 62what they earned...ttwhat earned•.•"*And in their wealth the beggarsand"And their beggars 51:19 5l : 19 53 53needy...ttneedy•.."
  • 85. l^-hThe Purpose ofCreation of Creation IrrrJ T q"And they denied [the signs) wrongfully"And they denied [the signsf 27:14 27: 14 4l 41and arrogantly..."and arrogantly...""And whoever desires a religion besides"And whoeverdesiresa religion besides 3:85 3:85 36 36 will not...ttIslam will not..." does not oppress 18:49 58"And your Lord does not oppress 18:49 58"Andanyone.""Beware of a trial which will not afflict"Beware a will 8:25 8:25 68 68only the sinful..." the sinful.,."6tButif they returned...""But if they were returned..." 6:28 8 21l 6:2 2"Corruption has appeared on the land"Corruption has appeared on the 30:41 30:41 65 65and in the sea..."and the"Do not be awed by their wealth or"Do be awed 9:85 9:85 64 64 ..."their children ..." kill youruelves,"Do not kill yourselves, for surely Allah"I)o 4:29 4:29 59 59is merciful,.."is merciful...""Do not wish for that by which Allah 4:32 4:32 54 54has favored some..."has favored
  • 86. r-1-fnt Prrp"tt ,f Cr""ttmThe Purpose ofCreation Ld"Do people imagine that they will be"Do people imagine that they will be 29:2 29:2 66 66left alone..."left alone...t"For surely"For surely with every difficulty comes 94:5-6 59 everT comes 94:5-6 59 period o{l ease..."[a period of] ease..."[a you mount the backs [of"For you to mount the backs [of 43: 13 43:l3 70 i0animalsl then remember.,."animals] then remember...""Glorify the praises"Glorify the praises of your Lord." Lord." 110:3 I l0:3 28 Zt seen the one"Have you seen the one who takes his takes his 25:43 25:43 42 42desiresas hisdesires as his god?" cannot be questionedas"He cannot be questioned as to what He 21 :23 ZI.23 25 25does...""He raised some ofyouov€rothersin raised some of you over others in 6: 165 52 6:tGS 52rank...""If only you could see[the timel when"If could see [the time] when 32: 12 3Z:lZ 20 Z0the sinnerswill bow..." sinners will bow..."off you really love Allah, follow me...""If love 3:3 1 22 me..." 3:31 Zz"If you try to count Allahs blessings..." l4:i4"If try blessings..." 14:34 43 43
  • 87. The Purpose of CreationThe Purpose ofCreation*I did not create the"I did not create the jinn and the 51 :56 27 and the 5l:56 27humankind except..."humankind except..."slndeed, it is in the remembrance"Indeed, it is in the remembrance of 13 :28 56 of 13:28 56Allah..."Allah...""Indeed, the creation the heavensand"Indeed, the creation of the heavens and 40: 57 40:57 13 l3the earth is greater..."the earth is greater...""It is causes daybreak, made the"It is He who causes the daybreak, made 6:96-7 70 6:96-7 70the night..."the night...""[It is Hel created death and"[It is He] who created death and life to 67:2 67.2 49 49test which..."test which...""f make them taste"I will make them taste a lesser iZ:Zl lesser 32:21 65 65punishmentbefore..."punishment before...""Know that your wealth and children"Know wealth and children 8:28 8:28 52 Szare a test.""Let thosewho contradict his command"Let those command 24:63 24:63 67beware...""No calamity strikes exceptby Allahs"No strikes except by Allahs 64:l11 64: I 17 17permission.ttpermission."
  • 88. The Purpose ofCreationThe Purpose of Creation"O believers! Do not allow your wealth"0 believers! Do not allow your wealth 63:9 63:9 52 Szand children,.,"and children...""O believers, do not destroy your acts"0 believers, do not destroy your acts 2:264 2:264 54 54of charity..."of charity...""O believers! RememberAllah often.""0 believers! Remember Allah often." 33:41 33:41 32 32"O believers, seekhelp pati€nceand"0 believers, seek help in patience and 2: 153 2:153 61 6lprayer.ttprayer.""O you believe! Fasting has been"0 you who believe! Fasting has been 2: 183 2:l 83 jz 32prescribed you..."prescribed for you...""Perhaps you may dislike something"Perhaps something 2:2 I6 2:216 58 58goodgood for you,.," you...""Satan gotthe betterofthem and caused 5B:19 33"Satangot tbe better oftbem and caused 58: 19 33them... ttthem... ""Satans plan is to incite enmity and"Satans incite 5:91 5:91 33-34 33-34hatred among you...t you...""Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the seek refuge in the Lord of the 13: -2 I] 13:I1-2 I16 6dawn."
  • 89. The Purpose ofCreation"Sry [O Mu!ammad]: f have no power"Say [0 Mu!!amma~]: I have no power 7: 188 7: I 88 47 47to bring good..."to bring good..." Surely my prayer,"Say: Surely my prayer, my sacrifice, 6: 162 366 sacrifice, 6:162 3"Say:my living... " living... "" announce glad tidings [of" announce glad tidings [of 2:155-6 62 2: 155-6 62paradisel those..."paradise] to those..." religion is Islam.""Surely Allahs religion is Islam.""Surely 3: 19 3: l9 355 3 forgive the"Surely Allah will not forgive the 4:48 4:48 40 40 others..."worship of others..." I have created"Surely 1 have created all that is on 18: 7 l8:7 49 49earth as its ornaments..." as ornaments...""Surely only a disbelieving people disbelieving people 12: 87 1287 60 60despair..."despair...""Surely, those who believe and do"Surely, those believe and 98:6 98:6 39 39righteous deeds..."righteous deeds...""Surely those who believed,emigrated"Surely those believed, emigrated 2:218 2:218 6t 61and strove..."
  • 90. The Purpose of CreatiotrThe Purpose of CreationoSurely, those whom you"Surely, those whom you call on in j:lg4 7: 194 46 call on in 46prayer..."prayer...""Take charity from"Take charity from their wealth to their wealth to 9: 103 53 9:103 53 them..."purify them..." He may punish the hypocrites,"That He may punish the hypocrites, 48:6 48:6 60 60men and women...tmen and women..."oThe decision rests only"The decision rests only with Allah. I 12:67 57 AIIah. 12:67 57 trust..."put my trust...""There are among men those who"There are among men those who 2: 165 42 2:165 42worship others..."worship others...""There is nothing like Him and He is is nothing and is 42: 11 4T:ll 15 15hearer and seer of seer of all.""The seven heavens and the earth and seven heavens 17:44 29 17:44 Zgwhatever is in them glorify Him..." glorify"They will only encompass of His will encompass of 2:255 2:255 24knowledgewhat He wishes."knowledge what wishes."
  • 91. The Purpose ofCreationThe Purpose of Creation"Those who, having done something 3: 135"Those who, having done something 3:135 34 34shameful.,.ttshamefuL..""Verilyr am Allah, there is no god"Verily, I am Allah, there is no god 20:14 20:14 32 32beside Me, so worship Me...:beside so Me...l"Warn your nearest relatives.""lVarn nearestrelatives." 26: 214 48 26:214 48"Whatever befalls you is a result ofwhat"Whatever befallsvou is a result ofwhat 42:30 42:30 62 62 hands..."your hands..." servants ask you [O"When My servants ask you (0 2: 186 45 2:186 45Muhammad] about Me..."Mulammadl about Me...""When your Lord extracted from the extracted the 7: 172-3 26 7:172-3 26loins of Adams..."loins Adams...""Whoever brings a good deed, shall"Whoever brings a good deed, shall 6: 160 6:160 23· 23have ten like it..."have ten it...""Whoever trusts in Allah will find Him"Whoever trusts 65:3 65:3 57 57sufficient."sufficient." are the best people chosen fior"You are the best people chosen fur 3: 110 3: I l0 77 77mankind.. ~ "mankind,.."
  • 92. fnt P"rp:tr rf Crtt!*" The Purpose ofCreation t eof _BibliographyBibliographyAlbaanee,Naasirud-Deenal-,IrwaaAlbaane~, Naasirud-Deen al-, Irwaa J al-Ghaleel, Beirut: al- al-Ghaleel Beirut: al- Maktab al-Islamee, ed.. 1979. Maktab al-Islamee, 1st ed., 1979. lst-----------, ~a!J.eeh. Sunan Abee Daawood, Beirut: al-Maktab $afteehSunanAbee Daawood, Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islamee, ed., 1988. Daawood lst al-Islamee, 1st ed., I988. Daowood Safteeh Sunanat-Tirmigfiee,-----------,, Sab.eeb. Sunan at-Tirmithee, Riyadh: Arab Bureau Riyadh:Arab Bureau Education thefor of Education for the Gulf States, 1st ed., 1988. States, st ed.. l9gg. I gafueeh Sunanlbn Maajaft, Beirut: al-Maktab al------------,, Sab.eeb. Sunan Ibn Maajah, Beirut: al-Maktab al- Islamee, ed., 1988. 3rd Islamee, 3rd ed., 1988.-----------,, Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth a~-Sab.eeb.ah, vol. l, Beirut: Silsilah al-Ab.aadeeth a;-gafoeehah, 1, Beirut: vol. al-Maktab al-lslamee, ed., 1985. aJ-Maktab al-IsJamee, 4th ed., J985. 4th-----------,, Silsilahal-Afuaadeeth a~-Saheehah, vol. Riyadh: Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth as_-$afoeefiah, 4, Riyadh: Maktabah Maktabah al-Maaarif,4th ed., l9gg. al-Maaarif, 4th ed., 1988.ChambersPocketDictionary, Edinburgh:W & R Chambers,Chambers Pocket Dictionary, Edinburgh: & Chambers, 1992. 1992.Hasan, Ahmad, Sunan Abu Dawud fEnglish], Lahore: Sh.Hasan, Ahmad, Sunan Abu Dawud [English], Lahore: Sh. MuhammadAshraf Publishers,st ed.. lgB4. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers, I1st ed., 1984.
  • 93. of Creation The Purpose of CreationKhan, Muhammad Muhsin, Sahih Al Bukhari, [Arabic-Khan, Muhammad Muhsin, Sahih Al Bukhari. Englishl, Riyadh:Maktabahar-Riyaadal-Hadeethah, English], Riyadh: Maktabah ar-Riyaad al-Hadeethah, 1981.. 1981Rahimuddin,Muhammad, Muwatta ImamRahimuddin, Muhammad, Muwatta Imam Malik [English], [English], Ashraf, 1980. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf.1980. Lahore:Sh. MuhammadReese, W.L.. Dictionary ofPhilosophy and Religion, lrlewReese, W.L., of Philosophy Religion. New Humanities Press. Jersey: Humanities Jersey: 1980. Press. 1980.Robson,James,Mishkat AI-Masabih, Lahore: Sh.MuhammadRobson, James, Mishkat Al-Masabih,I-ahore:Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1981.. Ashraf, 1981Siddiq. Abdul Hamid. Sahih Muslim [English], Lahore: Sh.Siddiq.Abdul Hamid.SahihMuslim fEnglish],Lahore:Sh. AshrafPublishers. 1987. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers. 1987. Muhammad I/ebsterEncyclopedicDictionary, Chicago: TheThe Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary, Chicago: TheThe Institute America, 1975. English Language Institute of America, 1975. EnglishLanguageThe New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago: EncyclopaediaThe New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago:Encyclopaedia Britannica, al . t h ed.,. .1991.1 . B r i t a n n i c 15th e d 1 9 9 5 Chicago:World Book, 1987.The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book, 1987,.The World Book Encyclopediq,
  • 94. Tableof Contents Table of ContentsIntroduction ..,Introduction 3 -Why Did God Create?Why Did God Create? 13 l3Why Did God CreateMankind?Why Did God Create Mankind? 26 26 God CreateMankind on Earth?Why Did God Create Mankind on Earth? 49 49Why Did God Createthe Wortd? God Create the World? 69 69ConclusionConclusion 76 76Index of HadeethsIndex of Hadeeths 78 78Index of Quranic VersesIndex of Quranic Verses 82 82BibliographyBibliography 90 90
  • 95. erntt5lr$oiqprFflpol ,,r,i,I ...-Sfl jn cl : S;i.*rg Ctgj| L ltq**n*$ F-freri ~tJ&,.Al~",as.JW4~It~,.~~ *ftt rltrsl ps. C f$Ultt+,*h .Ilril p;$ }E 00 ~H~.«saIetJbII *UttS....5ilffit*ffiJtr ll *rl 10:" --- t -.J·vO~ LriJFj ~t .1 ryl,*.**.,*tl ,...,J,J F{t "="~ra-l r;t.+.fl p.-l f I~..AJI..,.Jl.JJ~.,.:aa1 Jt.-t~ .........ifcJft 4t di.-d;f[l dlf.d.E+..dt rrdf l3r*l gt..|irrlr&lrttr O.,.,,·,·,·y·.V It0lrA.!rlrtrrf "WI.:.t..r:.~1 txtnll&L*J#tl 1 1.6~.t"JW!J~I1A~~ 1,.#6, diltrl.tlt l::ngt faLL. #i 0"."...00|.JoOl ~1.:;,L....eJiJ Hi$tlAt.aJaj , i6o,jJl ~a"""" iajfi..5i"*trL,.tr ,,,0"."..."TV 1 1 o 1 r A r. l . A l t Y t iWi.jJl ~JiJ EtfrjJlfd..cJrri , ~l~ .r++iqu-|i r-.nllh, . . . . . ..,.Li- 1io.t.A.1.1ffo61 0...00 - :( ~I~ rlJjr • $t!|r* f.m*il : fulUneh33{4}**rnail.mrn sfri$,qltlllf riqrJi{tv6+sr lt*,.0r E!r1}r?r..T?tltrtl lSBll:9960-864-ll-1 ISBN: 9960·864·11-1 ilil| ililr [l ilililr lllil lllil 1I1111111111111111111111111111 00400 7