MUNTAKHAB    - -  AHADITHASelection of Ahiidith Relating to the Six Qualities              of Da wat and Tabligh IKALIMAH ...
IMPORTANTAllah Subhanahu Wa Ta 31a has blessed Muhammad ~ with~words of wisdom which are concise but comprehensive in mean...
CONTENTSPHONETICS                                                             vPREFACE                                    ...
IKRA.M-UL-MUSLIMGENEROUSLY FULFILLING THE RIGHTS OF A MUSLIMThe Dignity of a Muslim..                               ... 39...
PHONETICSArabic Names of Transli- PronunciationLetters Letters    teration         Alif      a          a, i, u,   aty    ...
J      qaf      q      A strongly articulated                         semi guttaral k. .:l     kaf      k      As in Engli...
PREFACE                                                                    PREFACE                                 PREFACE...
PREFACE                                                  PREFACEHowever, the Tabllghf effort (as far as the knowledge ando...
PREFACE                                                   PREFACEmovement from becoming a political, material organization...
INTRODUCTION                                           INTRODUCTION                    INTRODUCTIONAllah Sub1)anahii wa Ta...
INTRODUCTION                                                                INTRODUCTIONThis verse clearly implies that th...
INTRODUCTION                                     INTRODUCTIONIn recent times, Allah Sub!:Janahu wa Ta ala placed in the he...
INTRODUCTION                                      INTRODUC110NTo revive the ways of RasfllulHih ~allalIahu alaihi wasallam...
INTRODUCTION                                      INTRODUCTIONgrasp. For the clarification of the meanings of certain aJad...
INTRODUCTION                                                                                                 INTRODUCTIONa...
INTRODUCTION                                        INTRODUCTION  another what did your Rabb say? They reply that whatever...
INTRODUCTION                                                                                                              ...
INTRODUCTION                                      INTRODUCTION  All praises be to Allah Sub1)anahl1 wa Ta ala, Who created...
INTRODUCTION                                     INTRODUCTION  May Allah Sub1)anahu wa Ta ala be pleased with theSa1)abah ...
KALlMAH TAYYIBAH                         I                                  fmml        KALIMAH TAYYIBAH                • ...
KALlMAH TAITlBAH                      2                                                  imiinAllah Sub!)anahii wa Ta ala ...
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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH                                                                  5                                       ...
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KALlMAlI TAYYIBAH                                    7                                               Imiill               ...
KALlMAH fAIT/BAH                                                                   8                                      ...
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KAUMAHTAYYIBAII                                         16                                                                ...
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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH                      18                                            [mallJ~ 9iJi~~Ji ~~I ~~)y~1 j~ :J~~.ii...
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KALlMAH TAYYIBAH                         22                                   [mananything (written) here? Have My scribes...
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Muntakhab ahadith

  1. 1. MUNTAKHAB - - AHADITHASelection of Ahiidith Relating to the Six Qualities of Da wat and Tabligh IKALIMAH TAYYIBAH II ~ALAH I ILM AND DHIKR II IKRAM-UL-MUSLIM I I IKHLAS !IDAWAT AND TABLIGH[ Compiled by: Hadrat MauHina Muhammad Yousuf Kandhlavi (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) The sole authorized translation done under the personal supervision of Maulana Muhammad Saad Kandhlavi ANNAYYAR KARACHI - PAKISTAN
  2. 2. IMPORTANTAllah Subhanahu Wa Ta 31a has blessed Muhammad ~ with~words of wisdom which are concise but comprehensive in meaning.No language including English has the capacity to adequatelytranslate this all embracing wisdumUnder my personal supervision about 10 Ulema, Scholars andtheir assistants with a good background of Arabic and Englisb havecontributed to this English translation of"Muntakhab Ahadith"These men who have a prolonged association with the work ofTabligh and have a deep insight as to the nature of the work havediligently worked together to bring out a translation which I hope isclose to the meaning of the words of HadithThe worldwide scope of the work ofTabligh makes it essential that inevery place only one translation be read. It is therefore requested thatno further attempts be made to translate this book into EnglishHowever, if at any place it is felt that the translation is not consistentwith the meaning of the Arabic text, kindly inform me. Inshallah Iwill be pleased to try to make the necessary amendments (Maulana) Muhammad Saad Kandhlavi ANNAYYAR 152 Block - 3, B.y.J.e.H.S., Bahadurabad Karachi - Pakistan Ph. & Fax: ++92-21-4938006, E-mail: nayyar40@hotmail.com
  3. 3. CONTENTSPHONETICS vPREFACE viiINTRODUCTION x KALIMAH TAYYIBAH~fu 1Belief in the Unseen 30Belief in the Hereafter 67Success in Compliance with Allahs Commandments 101 I;lALA.T PRAYERSFard - Obligatory Prayers 121Salat in Congregation. . ... ..... . ........ . ... 143Sunnah and Nafilah - Non Obligatory Prayers 173Khushuand KhuQu - Fear aud Devotion in Prayers 213Virtues ofWuQu - Ablution 225The Aamal and FaQijil of the Masjid -Deeds and Virtues ofMasjid 235 ILM AND DHIKR KNOWLEDGE AND REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH SUBijANAHO WA TAALAIlm - Knowledge 241Inspiration by Qur an and ijadith 265DHIKR (Remembrance of Allah Taala)Virtues of AI-Quran 268Virtues of Remembering Allah Ta ala 299Du a -Supplication and Dhikr-Remembrancesas narrated from Raswullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam 354 111
  4. 4. IKRA.M-UL-MUSLIMGENEROUSLY FULFILLING THE RIGHTS OF A MUSLIMThe Dignity of a Muslim.. ... 395Excellence of Conduct . 410The Rights of Muslims .424Strengthening the Bonds of Kinship . .480Warning against Harming Muslims 488Reconciling differences amongst Muslims 512Helping Muslims 518 IKHLAS SINCERITY OF INTENTIONSincerity of Intention 527Belief in Promises of Allah and Hope of Rewards 540Condemnation of Riya - Deeds with Intention of Being Seen 544 DAWAT AND TABLIGH INVITING TOWARDS ALLAH TA ALA AND CONVEYING HIS MESSAGEDawat and its Virtues 557Virtues of Going Out in the Path of Allah 592The Etiquettes and Deeds ofthe Path ofAllah 614 A VOIDING THE IRRELEVANTAvoiding the Irrelevant 655BIBLIOGRAPHY 673 tV
  5. 5. PHONETICSArabic Names of Transli- PronunciationLetters Letters teration Alif a a, i, u, aty ba b As in English...;:" ta A soft dental, like the Italian t...;;., tM th Very near to the sound of th as in thing. jim j As in English.: I)a I) A strong aspirate, as in hnl!.C.t kha kh Guttatal, like the Scotch ch in loch.:, dal d A soft dental.~ dhaI dh A sound between dh and z.J ra r Same as in English.j za z Same as in English...r sin s Same as in English.J> shin sh Same as in English.d ~ad ~ A strongly articulated sw.JP <;Ia<;l <;I A strongly articulated thoj" la I A strongly articulated palatal t.j; ?a ~ A strongly articulated z.t. ayn A guttatal an, the pronunciation must be learnt from an Arabic teacher.t ghain gh A strong guttatal gh.J ill f As in English. v
  6. 6. J qaf q A strongly articulated semi guttaral k. .:l kaf k As in English. J Jam I As in English. ~ mlm m As in English. U niin n As in English. C ha h As in English. J waw w As in English. ~ Hamzah Pronounced as a, i, u, preceded by a very slight aspiration. ~ ya y As in English.Short Vowels - Fathah a As in English. - ~ Kasrah Oammahu As in English. As in English.~ Harnzah Pronounced as a, i, u, preceded by a very slight aspiration.J5 Shaddah Kalla Pronounced with a sustained emphasis on that letter.Long Vowels.;,. " a Long vowels. .,Yo U~ I Vt
  7. 7. PREFACE PREFACE PREFACE All praises to the Sustainer of the worlds, and grace,honour and salutations on the Chief of Apostles and Seal ofProphets, Mul;arnrnad, his family, companions and those whofollowed him in an excellent fashion and invited mankindtowards Allah, till the Day of Resurrection. This is a reality which can be stated without any ambiguityand exaggeration, that in the Islamic world of today the mostvigorous and effective, useful and all-encompassing effort, isthe struggle of the Tabl"ighl lama at whose center is situated atthe Tablfghf Markaz Nizamuddin, Delhi (Indiap). The scope ofthis effort and its impact is not restricted to the Indiansubcontinent, or Asia, but extends to many continents and to ahost of Islamic and Non-Islamic states. The history of such campaigns and revolutionary orreformative movements shows that, after passage of a period oftime, or when the scope of the effort enlarges greatly (speciallywhen, by means of it, the attainment of certain advantages andleadership becomes apparent) then such weaknesses, unwantedobjectives and neglect of the original goals set in, which reduceor even totally wipe out the true influence of the work.(I) In this assertion and testimony, there is no negation of the importance of all those useful efforts and movements which cater to the reality and needs of the present times. and which also create the ability to counter the prevailing trials and tribulations. Here, the objective is only to acknowledge and highlight the effectiveness and vastness of the efforts being made from the Tablfghi Dawat and its Movement, in a positive manner. VB
  8. 8. PREFACE PREFACEHowever, the Tabllghf effort (as far as the knowledge andobservations of the writer go) has, to a large extent been savedfrom these tribulations up to now. It is quite evident that the nature of this movement is basedon giving others priority over oneself (despite ones direneeds), a passion for sacrifice, a quest for the pleasure of Allah,a desire for reaping rewards in the Hereafter, respect andhonour of Islam and Muslims, humility and submissiveness toAllah, the proper fulfillment of religious obligations, with adesire for further advancement, a preoccupation with theremembrance of Allah, refraining as far as humanly possiblefrom unprofitable and unnecessary preoccupations andundertaking protracted journeys, while enduring all sorts ofhardships for the pleasure of Allah Sub:1anahil wa Ta ala, havebecome a regular practice. These special characteristics and distinctions of this workare attributable to the sincerity of its first preacher (SheikhMuhammad Ilyas Rahmatullahi aIaihi), his preoccupation withAllah, his prayers, struggle, sacrifice and, above all, theacceptance of this work by Allah the Exalted. Beside this, it isalso a consequence of those principles and preconditions whichwere declared essential by its first preacher, from its veryinception, and which he always insisted on and propagated. Tothink about the meanings and responsibilities inherent in theKalimah, to acquire knowledge of the virtues of fulfilling allforms of obligatory worship, a consciousness of the virtues ofknowledge and the remembrance of Allah aIong with apreoccupation with the remembrance of Allah, respect forMuslims with an appreciation and fulfillment of their rights, tocorrect the motives behind every action, so that it is donesincerely and solely for the pleasure of Allah; to refrain fromall that is irrelevant, and an enthusiasm and consciousness ofthe virtues of travelling in the Path of Allah. These are thoseelements and characteristics which have protected this viii
  9. 9. PREFACE PREFACEmovement from becoming a political, material organization,geared for obtaining material benefits, fame and authority, andso it has remained a purely religious movement aimed atattaining the pleasure of Allah. These principles and elements, which have beenconsidered essential for this movement, have been derivedfrom the Quran and Sunnah. They serve as its guardians toobtain the pleasure of Allah and protect Deen (religion); andtheir sources are the Qur an and Prophetic practices andtraditions. There was thus a need that all the relevant Qur anic versesand AhadIth (Prophetic practices and sayings) be compiled in abook. Praise be to Allah that the second preacher of thismovement of inviting towards righteousness, SheikhMul)ammad Yusuf (son of the first preacher, Sheikh IlyasRahmatullahi alaihi) who had a very profound andcomprehensive knowledge of books of Al)adIth, has collectedall the relevant principles, rules and precautions from theiroriginal sources in the form of a book. He has been socomprehensive and thorough that this book is not merely acompilation of these principles, rules and instructions, butperhaps an encyclopedia, in which, without being selective orbrief, all of these have been mentioned with their relativeimportance. It is perhaps the will of Providence that thewriters fortunate and worthy grandson Sheikh Saad (MayAllah prolong his life and bless him with further works of thisnature), has assumed the responsibility of publishing this bookfor general benefit. May Allah Ta ala grant acceptance to thiseffort and service, and make it most beneficial. And this is nothard for Allah. f-i<}11~~~~:; Abul Ifasan Ali Nadavi Diiirah Shah Alllmulliih Riii Haraily V.P. 10 Dhi Qadah 1418 H ix
  10. 10. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTIONAllah Sub1)anahii wa TaaIa says: Indeed Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad 1;)allalliihu alaihi wasalIam) from amongst themselves (being human, people can easily benefit from his distinguished qualities), reciting unto them His verses (by means of these Quriinic verses, inviting them and advising them) and purifying them (of sins and correcting their conduct) and teacheing them the Book (Quriin) and AI-l,Iikmah (his Sunnah), before which they were in manifest error. Ale-lmmn 3: 164In the context of the above verse, Sheikh Sayyad SulaimanNadavi RaQmatullahi alaihi writes (in the preface of a bookabout Sheikh MUQammad I1yas RaQmatullahi alaihi and hisreligious movement) that Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam was given the following Divine obligations ofprophethood: Invite towards Allah by reciting the verses of theQuran; to purify peoples undesirable traits; and to teach themthe Book and Wisdom (Sunnah),It has been substantiated by the Quran and AJ;adfthe- SaMJ;a(confirmed traditions) that the Ummah (followers) of the Lastof the Prophets, Sallallahu aJaihi wasallam, was Divinelydeputed for the guidance of all peoples (nations) of the world,Allah SubQanahil wa Taala says: ...... os "" .....J Jif:" Jj, ~ij J)~ 4 w~u ...,...G.u ~~r...:;,r ~ I;~" :JW JIl... . " ... " ... ~ , ,- .... [ . :i.>r< Ji] ~I (0 Mnslims) You are the best of the peoples, you have been seut towards mankind, to enjoin good and forbid evil. Ale-lmr.n 3:1 IO x
  11. 11. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTIONThis verse clearly implies that the Muslim Ummah is thedeputy to the Prophet, in his ordained obligations of invitingtowards righteousness, enjoining good, and forbidding evil.Hence, the obligations entrusted to Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam - invitation through recitation of the Quran,purifying people of undesirable qualities, and teaching theBook and Wisdom - became the prime responsibilities of theMuslim Ummah as well.Therefore, Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam taught hisUmmah to spend their life and wealth in inviting towardsAllah, learning and teaching Divine knowledge, rememberingand worshipping Allah. The Saoabah gave preference to theabove deeds over all worldly preoccupations. They weretrained to practice these A mal (actions) under allcircumstances with complete dedication, patience, andforbearance, withstanding all forms of difficulties andhardships. And they were taught to benefit others bysacrificing physically and materially.In compliance with the command: 1:.. " Ii " :.~ ~). " " ~ .~lp.-J>- Alli J J~J " .. " " " ... And strive hard in Allahs cause, as you ought to strive, AI-/:Iajj 22: 78the Saoabah strove in the manner of prophets with piety,austerity, discipline, self-sacrifice, and giving preference toothers. Thus, an environment was created in which emergedmodels of excellence, who became the elite of the Ummah.The era in which the deeds of RasUlullah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam were collectively practiced by the Ummah wasdeclared to be the Khair-ul-Quriin (best of all the times, or thebest period of the Ummah).Then in successive periods, the religious elite of the Ummahspent their full effort and energy in fulfilling these Propheticobligations. The luminance of these self-sacrificing efforts isstill illuminating the world of Islam. Xl
  12. 12. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTIONIn recent times, Allah Sub!:Janahu wa Ta ala placed in the heartof Sheikh Mu!:Jammad Ilyas Ra!:Jmatullahi alaihi a restlessnessand anxiety over the erosion in Islam and a burning desire tocorrect this state of the Ummah. In the view of the religiouselite of his times he was unique in this respect. He used toremain restless and concerned for the revival of all that wasrevealed to RasUlullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, by AllahSub!:Janahu wa Ta ala, in the whole world. He advocated, withresolute determination, that any effort for the revival of Deencan only be effective and acceptable when it is done in themanner of RasUlullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam.Therefore, such Dois (those who invite towards Islam) need tobe developed, whose desires should be consistent with theknowledge, action, thought, perception, passion andcompassion of the Prophets. Not only should they posses astrong Iman and virtuous deeds, but their inner aspirations andtheir manner of invitation to Islam should be like those ofprophets. They should cherish a fervent love of Allah and Hisfear, and a state of intimacy with Him.In character and habits, they should adhere to the Sunnah of theProphet Sallallahu alaihi wasallam. Their love or hatredshould be for the sake of Allah. The motivating factor behindtheir inviting to Islam should be a deep compassion and mercyfor Muslims, and kindness for all the creation of Allah. Theoft-repeated Divine principle for prophets, "Our reward issolely with Allah," should be their hallmark. They should haveno other objective except the pleasure of Allah.They should have such a passionate desire for the revival ofDeen in the world that it keeps driving them, away of theirroutines, in the Path of Allah; while their lives and wealthbecome mere instruments in attaining this objective. Thereshould be no notion of personal authority, status, wealth,property, honour and fame; not even a desire for personal restand comfort. Whether sitting, standing, speaking, or walking;every act or move should be geared in this direction. Xll
  13. 13. INTRODUCTION INTRODUC110NTo revive the ways of RasfllulHih ~allalIahu alaihi wasallam inthis effort and bring all facets of life according to theCommandments of Allah Subl)anahii wa Taala and the Sunnahof RasUlullah ~allalHihu alaihi wasallam, and to equip thosestruggling in this path with the above mentioned qualities, theSix Points (of Tabl"igh) were prescribed. All the contemporaryscholars and religious elite supported and commended these sixqualities.Sheikh Yiisuf Ral)matullahi alaihi, son of Sheikh IlyasRal)matulIahi alaihi, dedicated his whole life, strivingrelentlessly with a zeal directed to promote the work in thisdirection and raise a group of workers equipped with thesequalities. These qualities have been derived from reputablebooks of Al)adIth, biography, and history. He compiled athree-volume book "l:layiit-u~-Sahiibah" which gives arepresentative glimpse of the life of RasiilulHih ~allallahualaihi wasallam and his companions RaQiyalIahu anhum. Bythe Grace of Allah, this book was published during his lifetime.The Sheikh had compiled another book of l)adIth, MuntakhabAhad"ith, in respect of these six qualities (six points). However,prior to the final compilation of this book, he left for hisheavenly abode. ;:,AI) ~l Gr; ~t G!Sheikh Mul)ammad Yiisuf Ral)matullahi alaihi spoke tonumerous close friends and colleagues about this collection ofal)adlth. He used to thank Allah, in gratitude, and was wellpleased with this collection. Allah alone knows whataspirations were in his heart and how he wanted to present thecollection, to make it illuminating and effective. However thisis how it was destined by AlIah.By the Grace of Allah, the Urdu rendering of MuntakhabAhad"ith has already been presented (Jamadul-Awwal 1421 i.e.September 2000). Now this collection of al:Jadlth with itsEnglish translation is being presented. In translating this book,it has been tried that the language remains simple and easy to Xlll
  14. 14. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTIONgrasp. For the clarification of the meanings of certain aJadIth,some sentences have been added in brackets. Besides this,some explanatory notes have also been added.Since the Sheikh could not review the draft of the book,considerable effort had to be made to correct the text ofaJadIth, and to make a critical analysis of the transmitters, andto classify the al)adTth as Sa!zl!;, lfasan, or Daif (technicalterms used in the classification of JadIth) and an explanation ofthe difficult words of l)adIth. All the sources consulted havebeen referred to at the end of the book.All precautions were taken in accomplishing this task and agroup of scholars have substantially shared the burden. MayAllah Subl)anahil wa Ta ala bless all those associated with thisventure with an excellent recompense. However, human erroris always there. It is an earnest request to the scholars of Deenthat they may kindly inform us of any amendments that may beneeded. This collection was compiled by Sheikh YilsufRal)matullahi alaihi for a specific objective, the importance ofwhich has been adequately explained by Sheikh Sayyad AbulHasan Ali Nadavi Ral)matullahi alaihi. It is, therefore,important to save this collection from any amendments orbrevity.Allah SubJanahil wa Taala appointed Prophets AlaihimusSalam to disseminate His word and knowledge for the eternalsuccess of mankind. To benefit fully from these branches ofsublime knowledge, it is essential that fervent belief be builtaccording to this knowledge. While reading or listening to thewords of Allah or Rasillullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, oneshould consider oneself completely ignorant. That is, belief inhuman experiences and research should be replaced by thebelief in the unseen, and the heart should affirm that everyword, read or heard is the absolute truth.Among the etiquettes of reciting or listening to the Quran isthat one should imagine that Allah SubJanahil wa Ta ala is XlV
  15. 15. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTIONaddressing him; similarly when one sits to read or listen to!)adlth, one should think that RasiiluIHih SallalUihu alaihiwasallam is directly addressing him. While reading orlistening, the effect of the words will be proportionate to thegreatness and respect that one has for Allah and his Prophet andhow attentive one is. :;I ....J .... ... " .J I> " " ..ul---: "~~:6·:c1..:: . ..s~J;"1 JI J)[;; 1;....:.1~jJw J~~ --.-... . ... ... ... ... " . . ....,. " I-~ u.:I { II ~ I <:.LQ ti.:1; 8,) 0)~ 0J1 ~ i;>; ~ [A r :;.JUI]Allah Subi)anahii wa Taala says: When they listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger (Mul;l3mmad i;lallallahu alaihi wasallam), you see their eyes overflowing with tears becanse of the truth they have recoguised. They say: Our Rabb! We believe; so write us dowu among the wituesses. AI-Maidah 5: 83.... ... J [. "• I TI"1 n "~J ""->- u~ u,r- u,r" I , n., ", ,II , ,."j ;j:i ....... do"" ~ ,11 .. ....... I - ~~ ~: W ... n. J . J l " .... ....... ": " , [lA-IV:".)!] ~; ,;it~li)jfr-:..~l{ijj;.tI~:u.u.~1Allah Sub!)anahil wa Taala says (at another place): (0 Mul,lammad) announce the good uews to My slaves. Those who listen to the Word and follow the best thereof (i.e. worship Allah alone and repent to Him and avoid Taghiit etc), those are (the ones) whom Allah has guided and those are the men of understanding. (Az-Zumar 39: 17·18)It is reported in Bukllarl:~;. ~~.};~I.lJ1 ~ ,; :J~ ~cJl ,f~.lJ1 ~)i).;;;ri--¥Jll :; U~ I;~ 91~ .ft i, ."- tIS ~~ uw ~kJ~1 (.sp..,lI,)))~~1;JJ;j1 :I)~~~)J~I;~:I)~ Abu Hurairah Ra<,liyallahu anhu narrates that Rasiilullah i;lallallahu alaihi wasallam said: When Allah decrees a matter in heaven, the angels strike their wings in fear and submission to His word. The decree of their Rabb sounds to them like (the chimiug of) a chain ou a smooth rock. When their hearts are relieved from fear, they ask one xv
  16. 16. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION another what did your Rabb say? They reply that whatever He said is tbe Truth, aud He is the Most Higb and the Greatest. (BukharI)In another n31Tation from Bukhiirl.i i~; J;- ~Sli J,)~j J~)$:i 1; ~IS;] ~ ~.;. ~.illl ~) .".3i:; (i.S)~1~J) Anas Rat;liyalliihu anhu narrates that whenever Nab! ;>allalliihu alaihi wasallam would say something (important) he wonld repeat his words three times, so that they are understood.Therefore, il will be proper to read a i)adHh lhree times. Oneshould be engaged in this knowledge with discipline,suppressing ones personal desires. Practice to read and hearattentively, lovingly and respectfully. Conversations inbetween should be avoided. An attempt should be made to sitwith Wut;lu (ablution), in the position of Tashahhud, withoutreclining. The objective is that the Quran and words of i)adHhaffect the heart. Such a fervent belief be built on the promisesof Allah and His Prophet that it creates an earnest longing forDeen - the force which makes us perform every actionaccording to the Sunnah of Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam, and to consult the scholars of Deen, for a systematicguidance iil performing our deeds (actions) correctly.I begin this book with an excerpt from the Preface of the book,Amani! AI1biir Shar/l Ma ani! Athar by Sheikh Mui)ammadYiisuf Rai;lmatulUihi alaih. This book is a commentary onImam Tai)awi Rai)matullahi alaihs famous book of i)adHhMaani! Athiir, on the life and sayings of Rasiilullah Sallallahualaihi wasallam and his companions. MulJammad Sa ad Kiindhlavi Madrassah Kashiful Uloom Basti Nizamuddin Aulia New Dehli, India xvi
  17. 17. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Quotation from the Preface ofbook Amaniyal Al}bar SharI} Maaniyal Athar by Sheikh Mol}ammad Yousuf Rahmatullahi Alaihi .".... ;;:; ........ " ....;;; .. "0.... ;;; J " 1 ~I ~I}- ~ ,?lAJI jj; ~::;1 1 ~I ~I ~ ZJa:g~! IJW~I ~ ~~I ;»,,4;JI ~ :l:g: 1~L:.JlJ~~1 Jj~ ~I;JI ~ t;jrJ ,~lA1~, ~H ~J li:~ 6 oE:; ~~~I ~ ~ ~i:JIJ ~~IJ .,?~ ~; J ~01 ~ 4-~ j~J ~] -I}- JwJ :~niilll 0~1J ,. ,I~II ~"I . ). ~ )iJ";)J~ , ~~ .ii, . I / J .~ ~~, L.~t ->, ~ri, +. J ~J li:~ ~ o~ lA dA ol.$:-IJ ~J cjlll jJ;. J;i ~L.}lJ §;t;.:JlJ~ .... .... .... ............ ~J ,~r ~ ~ ~ lA ~ ~I ~11 ~ ~J ~~J:W ~ ~ ~I}­ ~~ o<~ ,. /1.." ~~~ ~~:, ~ ~ ~r 1>I;..~,j,.1 iL:L;J, 4j~ ) . ) crJ v-f" ~ J . jA-4 ~ , - ("" I£ -, " , "f~1 J;. Jw ~I Jt ;~ y~ ~~I -?I;:;: .~I ~ ,?LJ~I ~ t~jt lA ~I);::i J ,?LJ~I ~ jJ.:.:J ~I ~~~ ~:JJ, ~jeJ ~J.:TJ 09; ~yt J ~~:~: 1Jilll ~)J ,;:Iy.:.;JIJ ;:lA~ lA~~J .:I.)I:U ~ j~ J~ ~ ,~TJ J?: JS , , ~)~ ~I ~~I ~ ~j~1 fi1.~ ~ ;j J~r :;~I ~I~ ~~I ;j J;:-J~ ... . ... .... ..... .... J" J....... ........ " .. .;.... <) .... J ... J I" ~~I J~U )~~ )d ;~J )~~I ~)jl ~ }sl J?: JS J ~~ §~ ~ .... ........ ~ , ....::..i( :; ~ II " ~ ~I, I ",~I -.i , ~- lA L,::... lA ,: I :I~ lA L r" J.;-- .J. l$:" ~J, , J-fy rY ~J )&j!~ J. r ~ ~ J~~ Joj;:j "?~~J -?~~IJ ,,?I;~J ;~IJ g~:u, ~ IJ~J "t~ ~ak...1 -Ju ~. t::ir -<,;. ~lJ~~J""""J~t ~.;t ,~.@i ,~La.~.Juci; (""~,/J~~~q--J~ ~ .i~i I -(T-, " ;.,c·r 1... .... J <) J .... J;;;; .... .... Q J <) J J , <) J~~I .I~" . 0 .!;.,;::... 0 " lA ..r ~J Iyo 1,,1":,-, ·1C:-1·.. I~ Ij I: a..:.......LQJI ". I;:" I :-- , J~J"""" ~ ~J)&J It:"~~ J~ .1.11 I; r:--) .tAi, )L,d ~ .:;t. A~i, iiG-JJ J~~ ii~~I ~r- ~ .tAi, ("" ,.r-- ., ~II J ,.,.J , :I~ilJ ("" > ~ ~ IJ . ? " .~~IJ §;~ )~J ~I~IJ )~I ~ ~LJ~IJ ~t~l~jJ , , xvii
  18. 18. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION All praises be to Allah Sub1)anahl1 wa Ta ala, Who createdman, so that He may lavishly spend His bounties on him.Bounties which do not exhaust with the passage of time. Theyare from such treasures that never deplete by spending and thatare beyond human comprehension. In human beings, Allah hashidden such jewels of inherent capabilities that, if found andapplied, will entitle him to benefit from the treasures ofAr-Ral).man (The Most Beneficent). And by means of which hecan attain such success as to dwell eternally in Paradise. Allahs salutations be upon Mu1)ammad Sallallahu alaihiwasallam, the Chief of all Prophets and Apostles, the onebestowed with the distinction of interceding for the sinful, andthe one sent as a mercy and blessing to mankind. AllahTabaraka wa Taala had chosen him, to lead all Prophets and toconvey His message to mankind before creating the Pen andthe Preserved Tablet. He was selected to describe His bountiesand boundless treasures which can neither be counted norreckoned. Allah disclosed to Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam thosebranches of knowledge, relating to His Magnificent Self, whichwere never unfolded to anyone. Allah revealed to him those ofHis glorious and illustrious attributes, which were not disclosedto anyone before; neither a close angel nor an Apostle. His(The Prophets) heart was opened and he was empowered withthe capability to comprehend all the hidden qualities placed inmen-qualities by means of which men can achieve a proximityto Allah Taala, and seek guidance in the affairs of this worldand the Hereafter. Allah Sub1)anahl1 wa Taala taught RasUlullah Sallallahualaihi wasallam the ways of correcting the deeds of humanbeings. Deeds which are continuously coming out from themwith every passing moment. The correction of deeds forms thebasis of success in this world and the Hereafter, and wrongdeeds result in deprivation and failure in both the worlds. xviii
  19. 19. INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION May Allah Sub1)anahu wa Ta ala be pleased with theSa1)abah Ra<;liyallahu anhum. They acquired from NabiSallallahu alaihi wasallam that most honourable and virtuousknowledge which came out from the blessed niche ofprophecy. Knowledge which is so vast that it surpasses thenumbers of the leaves of trees and the drops of rain. Then theycommitted it to their memory, and preserved it in the mostbefitting manner. They accompanied the Prophet on journeyand at home, and participated in all his pre-occupations:Da wah (preaching), Jihad (striving in the cause), Ibadah(worship), and social affairs. Then they learned to practicethese deeds according to the Sunnah of RasUlullah Sallallahualaihi wasallam in his company. Blessed are the Sa1)abah, who acquired knowledge and itsapplication directly from RasUlullah SallalUihu alaihiwasallam, without any intermediaries. Furthermore, they didnot restrict these branches of knowledge to themselves; ratherthey conveyed this knowledge and wisdom to others - thus,illuminating the universe with Divine knowledge and spiritualprophetic deeds. As a result of their endeavours, the wholeworld became a cradle of learning and scholarship. Menbecame fountains of light and guidance; and they became thestandard bearers for establishing worship and Khilafat (the ruleof Allah on the earth). XIX
  20. 20. KALlMAH TAYYIBAH I fmml KALIMAH TAYYIBAH • ,.-Vl .......... :;; ..... _ " ..:i.l J~J ~-:& ~.ul ~ "j. J ~ / 0 •• / / NONE IS WORTHY OF WORSHIP BUT ALLAH; MUijAMMAD IS THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH. IMAN The literal meaning of [man is to believe in someones words relying solely on his authority. In religious terms, it implies belief in the Unseen relying solely on the authority of the Messenger of Allah Sub1}anahu wa Taala. VERSES OF QURANAllah Sub!)anahu wa Taala said toHis Prophet:And We sent no Messenger beforeyou except that We revealed tohim: There is none worthy ofworship except Me, so worshipMe. Al~Anbiya 21:25
  21. 21. KALlMAH TAITlBAH 2 imiinAllah Sub!)anahii wa Ta ala says:The believers are only those whosehearts tremble with fear wheneverAllah is mentioned. And when Hisverses are recited to them, theseincrease their faith; and in theirRabb (Sustainer) they vest theirtrust. AI-Anla! 8:2Allah Sub!)anahil wa TaiUa says: :JW J~) ~ -"//,,,,1/ .:;, • -:" ~f~And so, as for those who believe in ~ G;.u It iy.. • ..:..:J.:!J I L. j j." .... ,........Allah and hold fast to Him, He willcause them to enter iuto a Mercyfrom Him and (bestow on them) aBounty; and He will guide them toHim along a straight path. An-Nisa 4:175Allah Sub!)fmahil wa Taii.la says:Indeed! We do help OurMessengers and those who believein the life of this world and on theDay (of Resurrection) when thewitnesses will stand up. AI-Mumin 40:51Allah Sub!)anahil wa Taala says: :JW Ju)It is those who believe (in the 1; D~ 3~ i;.:: I: &JlOneness of Allah and worshipnone but Him Alone) and do notmix their belief with Zulm (bywronging themselves, that is, byworshipping others besides Allah),for them (only) there is peacefulsecurity and they are the rightlyguided. AI-Anam 6:82
  22. 22. KAUMAHTAYYIBAH 3 lmlinAllah SubQanahu wa Ta ala says:And those who believe are intensein their love for Allah. AI-Baqarah 2: 165Allah SubQanahu wa Taala said to :JW J~JHis Prophet:Say! Verily, my Salat and mysacrifice (of animals) and myliving and my dying are for Allah,Rabb (Sustainer) of the Worlds. AI-Anam 6:162 AIJADITH,i:~ ~~)~, ~~~I :~ ~ :Jj.:..) J~ :J~ ~.iiI~) i;; ~J:;-"~)) .9~~ ~ Y" .";;,k,, ,..;;).JI; cS:;~1 ii,C;1 Ati~jj ,iill ~1-- ~1" o§:JJ ii ai~ , ~ ,,~~ ~ :~) .iJlo..!~I~:..JS.~l:::!Y"!,~1. Abu Hurairah Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that RasUlullahsallallahu alaihi wasallam said: lman (faith) has more than seventybranches; the snperior most is the saying of La ilaha illal/ah (Thereis none worthy of worship except Allah); and the inferior most is theremoval of an obstacle from the way; and lfaya is a branch of lman.(Muslim)Note: The essence of lfaya is that it restrains a man from evil andprevents a man from neglecting the obligations that he owes toothers. (Riya<)-us-~alihln)::.::,,;. JI ~I ~ ~;; :~ ~I :Jj.:..) J~ :J~ ~:ii.I~) ~:):;-~ , /1 .....1,) .i~:J~~A~)~J;2. Abu Bakr Ra4iyalliihu anhu nanates thai RasUlullah sallallahualaihi wasallam said: He who accepts from me the Kalimah, which Ipresented to my uncle (Abu Talib at the time of his death) and herejected it, this (acceptance) will be a means for his salvation.(Musnad Ahmad)
  23. 23. KALIMAH TAYYlBAH 4 lmiinJj:.J ~ :J.;l ,tJ:;~t IJ~l;,. :~ ~ Jj:.:; J~ :J~ :.:s.:il>I~:; i;:"; ~:;-I" ,c....J.,;.r.h!IJ ......I.JJ .:il>1 ~! J! ~ J} ~ IJJS1 :J~ !G~! ~W ;,;:jJ !~......1 ~ / ~ / ~ t/Y~.rll.~3. Abu Hurairah RaQiyaWihu anhu narrates that RasiilulliihSallalHihu alaihi wasallam said: Renew your Imiin! It was asked: aRasulalliih! How do we renew our Imiin? He said: frequently SayLa ilaha illallah. (Musnad A~mad, Tabaranj, Targhjb)jlJi~1 :J~~~IJ:":":;~ :J~$.i.~J~4J~G:-:;-t;Y~.Ji~.:!-~Y4~}-~~~~1.u :Jl.iJ.s.Lrl~j) .~~J.:.;Jl ~1.$.:Ul ~t;k, 4~ Jt ~ n"~:~J~""-~4. Jiibir ibne-Abdulliih RaQiyallahu anhumii narrates: I heardRasiilalliih Sallalliihu alaihi wasallam saying: The best Ohikr(remembrance of Allah) is La ilaha illallah, and the best Ou a(supplication) is Al!wmdulillah (All praises be to Allah). (Tirmidhj)Note: This Kalimah is the basis of the entire Oeen. Without thebelief in Kalimah, neither Iman (faith) nor Aamal (deeds) areacceptable. All,iamdulillah (All praises be to Allah) is said to be thebest Oua because praising the One who is the most generous,amounts to asking him for his help or favours. (Ma;oahir !:Iaque)~~.i.1 ~tJt~ :i.;;.J~ ~ :~~I J:":":;J~ :J~:.:s.:il>1 ~:;~;,:";~J:; -0I.e. :JtiN".r!I"J J .;I;S:iI, :;~I ~ 0:,.;)1 Jt,:,,;aij? ~~I ylJ,:J:J ~ ~l Yo~. :~)d...~~l~)4J-,rf~~,)y~~~..f~~J.:>­5. Abu Hurairah RaQiyallahu anhu narrates that RasiilullahSallalliihu alaihi wasallam said: Whenever a slave (of Allah) saysVi ilaha illallah sincerely, the doors of the skies are opened (for it toascend) until it reaches the Arsh (Throne of Allah, and is readilyaccepted) provided he abstains from major sins. (Tirmidhj)Note: To say sincerely means that it is free from pretence andhypocrisy. Abstaining from major sins ensures its rapid acceptance,and even if it is recited without abstaining from the major sins, it isstill beneficial and rewarding. (Mirqat-ul-MaIat~)
  24. 24. KALlMAH TAYYIBAH 5 lmiin;h:;;f!:G- $:iil~)~GoJ,:;i~~j ;1:u,ZsJ:l~ :J@:?I:u,J.~:;-;ti !~I Jj.:.) ~ oj :Gll ;~I JA1 ~~;~ JA :J~ ~ ~I ~ 8- :J@~ Ji-l ~ JS,I.:. L:i*1 ~ ~ F.~" , ;; F I _F } I.ai) iJJlI ~l ;J~ ~:I}Jlj ~* ;Jj :Jlij ,;,;1 ~: J J -; ~ ~ F . _~i,,I.>~ J..I ,;" j:1. wS::J ,J;,;;;; :dl~ ,.;.~ ~I :J@:J.~ ~ ;":". H -:i~.. ~I.>/J ~ ;;"":1.>_ J F~ ;11 ~ . 1",..-. - HJ}.I).jI)"I).c..-i"" .iJ:l js. ~1l>1 ~~ Jr;I oj1J@ ~ ,~.,;;JI,Jb;J i :d1J GI , f/...li))~,U~....Oo6A.1~))6. Yala ibne-Shaddad Raqiyallahu auhu says that my father Shaddadnarrated to me in the presence of Ubadah ibne-Samit Raqiyallahuanhuma who verified the narration. He said: We were present withNab! SallalIahu alaihi wasallann. He inquired: Is there any strangeramongst you, meaning thereby, the people of the Book? We said: No,o Rasiilallah! He then asked us to shut the door and said: Raise yourhands and say La i/aha Wallah. So, we raised our hands for a while(and recited the Kalimah). Afterwards Nab! SallalIahu alaihi wasallamlowered his hand and said: Al!wmdulillah (All praise be to Allah). 0Allah! Verily, You have sent me with this Kalimah and have orderedme to convey it and have promised me Paradise on it, and verily, Youdo not break Your Promise. He then said addressing the Sal)abah: Oh!Do rejoice, for Allah has forgiven you! (Musnad A~mad, TabaranT, Bazzar,Majma-uz-Zawaid)::..u~ ~.:.,,, ~1l>1 ~l~l~ J~ 4 ~ ":~~I J@ :J@~.iill~)); J:;. -v F 0 . ,oJ_ 0 ,. ~-~ • I~o J,JF;;, ~_;~J; "lJ.Jj "lj<.::.Ji ,J; ,,~j.Jj "lj :JIi ~J; "~j.J j "0 :<.::.Ji ,~I J"-; ~~ ~ .~. I, _ • 1_ • _ ~ _ • IF ,0) _ • I~ , ~ ~Zs! <,j;1 f)~ J; "0.Jj ";J :JIi ~J; ";J.J j "[j<.::.Ji ,J; "[j.Jj "[j :JIi ~AIV:~J~ly~IY~l.5)i.i...:Jl~I)) .)~7. Abu Dhar Raqiyallahu anhu narrates that Nab! Sallal1ahu alaihiwasal1am said: Whenever a slave of Allah said La i/aha Wallah anddied believing in it, he surely entered Paradise. I asked: Even if he hadfornicated and even if he had stolen? He replied: Even if he hadfornicated and even if he had stolen. I again asked: Even if he hadfornicated and even if he had stolen? He repeated: Even if he hadfornicated and even if he had stolen. I asked the third time: Even if hehad fornicated and even if he had stolen? He emphasized: Even if hehad fornicated and even if he had stolen, despite your disapproval
  25. 25. KALlMAIf TAYYlBAIf 6 Imiillo Abu Dhar! (Bukharj)Note: Abu Dhar Ra(liyallahu anhu was surprised that despite suchmajor sins, how could a man enter Paradise while justice demandedthat he should be subjected to punishment Hence, Nab! Sallallahualaihi wasallam said emphatically to remove his astonishment thatdespite the disapproval of Abu Dhar, the man will enter Paradise;implying that even though he may have done sins, but because of hisIman he will turn with repentance and get his sins forgiven; or Allahwill, out of His Infinite Mercy, forgive him and send him to Paradisewithout any punishment or after a punishment In any case, He willeventually send him to Paradise, (Muariful I:IadJth):;j ./):.; ~ ~~~I ./):.; :~ ;1 J~) j~ :j~ ~ ;;1 ~) )j;~ :;. -/ ~ ~~ ~ ~, I ,,~~ ,,- ~ ~ • ~, ::<i cs4. )ti :u;l ~ ~ ,;,£ .ft L>.r!j .;.L.; Of) ),j.w, f) ~;f t:. L»~ :I ? ;j:llu<lSTL5;1~Vi";-il.,"-:ir ft!" <" ! 01, -": yo..,4,)" , !") . ) y Jl! F;:" )y.w" ) ";-1;""11 0: ~·I"i. :.-- l.;it. ~I~l;J! ~~~Q :)j;~)j:;lL.j~ .4J):;.:.i;;1 ~!;J!~ ~I~~~y,lill9<- ~:;))j;~ ~ .:p1ti ! ~I : ~j;ij:...;., ~j ~;f t:. ~)):.; ~ ~j ;;1JijJ",WI"Jj ~Ol ~ ~.;::.; lL. ~ :jlil ~&I <i 9<- j;i1:.J)j;i;. ~ ~f ~1 f v~1 hi>,.f<,.J J,.L-o J, .r- ~ ~ "-<"" l.lo8. J:Iudhaifah Ra(liyalliihu anhu narrates that RasiJIullah SallalIahualaihi wasallam said: Islam will gradually fade as the design oncloth fades, until neither Siyam (fasting), nor Zakat (cf,Lfity) norNusuk (religious devotion and sacrifice) will be known. In a certainnight, the Qur an will be lifted from the hearts of men leaving not asingle verse on the earth, and only a few groups of people willremain, of old men and old women, saying: We found our forefathersreciting the Kalimah La iliiha illalliih, so we are reciting it Silahibne-Zufr said to J:Iudhiiifah Ra(liyallahu anhu: How will theirsaying of La iliiha illalliih benefit them when they neither knowSiyam, nor Zakat, nor Nusuk? J:Iudhaifah Ra(liyallahu anhu evadedhim. So he repeated his question thrice, each time J:Iudhiiifah evadedhim. Then, after the third time, he turned and faced him saying: 0Silah! It will indeed save them from the Fire. (Mustadrak I:Iakim)
  26. 26. KALlMAlI TAYYIBAH 7 Imiill t, f/"~jJ ,~ijJ)AJJ)J.I.r.WJIr.JIOIJJ .~~h~ ~b J.;i A~: P!~;;9. Abu Hurairah Ra<;liyaWihu anhu narrates that RasiHulHih,sallalHihu alaihi wasallam said: He who says La ilaha iI/allah, itshall benefit him (be a means for his salvation) though before that hemay be afflicted by what (Punishment) is to befall him. (Bazzar.TabaranT, TarghTb)(j~y"~?Hj:~~Jj:..:J~ :J~$ ;j,1~:~J~14:f -.j :il4i1j ~~ :I:."JI ~l Z;; ~~~ J~ til tj ~Jj ;J~ ,J;)~ ~tii,1;.,:J1 ;~:"Jj i)j;.J ~:i ~J) ~~ ,.,;,1 ~l ~l ~ ~ji.c":."Ji .~:J~j ,~I Ji ~? ~E:; 011 ill;.":";15" )j,~~) ~:i J;oj~lj " / / / /,;:;1 .:r .:l4Jlj i-#Ijj ~ 4-tj ,,;wI i~~ 4J~ ,~~) ~ ,iiJ1 .:>~ / / /.~ ,/ -:,/} / 0,0,/ /;/ 0/ /" / / J;WjJlJ~..LojAJj~l.:~~ :~J).r.JI~J) (C-!"w) .~;j -?~ ~~ ,;~hJ -:Jy.1JI / " / / Y/I • -"IJ)lt-,~IJC,J~c,- )",u10. Abdullah ibne-Umar Ra<;liyallahu auhuma narrates thatRasulullah ,sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: Shall I not inform you ofthe advice of Nul) Alaihis Salam to his son? They said: Indeed doinform us. He said: Nul) Alaihis Salam advised his son saying: 0my son! I advise you to act upon two things and forbid you fromtwo. I advise you to say: Ui iliiha illal/ah; if it were placed in onepan of the scale. and the skies and the earth in the other pan. it wouldoutweigh them. And if these (the skies and the earth) were to forman invincible circle, it (the Kalimah) would break through the circleand would reach Allah Taala. And I advise you to say:Subhanal/ahil Azim Wabihamdihl (Glory be to the Most ExaltedAllah. and Praise be to Him). as it is the worship of the entirecreation, and by it. their sustenance is allotted; and I forbid you fromtwo; Shirk (polytheism) and Kibr (arrogance) because these two evilsseclude one from Allah Taala. (Bazzar. Majma-uz-Zawiiid)y.:, 4Jj.i;~ i;¥~~ ~l :~~I J~ :J~~;j,~:~19Jl;.jJ,:f - .l.A~1 ~ ji Ijj:J ":";l5"j ~~ ~ t).i? ~ J.J 4l;;JJ J..;,j ~l.s).JI~ , v/,..JJIJ)1 ~ ,~I J~ J.u~)) ~y.i ~JJ
  27. 27. KALlMAH fAIT/BAH 8 lmiinII. Tall)a ibne- Ubaidullah Ra<.liyallahu anhu nanates thatRasiilullah ~allallahu alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, I know aKalimah which if recited by a dying man, will be a means of solacefor his departing soul and will be a light for him on the Day ofResunection (this Kalimah is Vi ilaha illallah). (Abu Yala, Majma-uz-Zawaid)i J~;; ;G)I~ty.; :J~ ~~I ~j (Jij. ;";~~)~.i;,1 ~);j ~ - y ~ " ~ ~~ ~ , ;;; _ _ _ - ::: • / J" " _ • 0 _ _ , ;;; ,I.:>t5 ~I il,j i Jtl . WI· ,.., i" .:>- ~ ",-1. A.J.i ~ .:>15 ~ il,jl ) " .:>"~ ~Cf!.I".r-":"!- r~" cs:: ) " ~/",,::: ,J" Pi ~t.J>i:~ i:,i.:>j. ~;-JI ~~ ~ J _I " / - • J Fe 0~.:>j. ~ ~ ~ .:>15"),...1il,jt .I Jtl;; Vf:~).s:~~W :Jw..1Jj-.,J-!IS}~~~JJ(~.w0"~?JAJ) .a~~ ~12. Anas Ra<.liyallahu anhu nanated (in a long nanation) that Nabr~allallahu alaihi wasallam said: Each and every such person will beliberated from Fire, who had said La ilaha illallah, and in his heart,there was goodness (Yman) equal to the weight of a grain of barley.After them, every such person will be liberated from the Fire whohad said: La iliiha illallah, and in his heart, there was goodness(Yman) eqnal to the weight of a grain of wheat. After that, everyonewill be liberated from fhe Fire who had said: La ilaha illal/ail, and inhis heart, there was goodness (Tman) equal to fhe weight of a particleof dust. (BukharI) I I _ J J " J } J J -. _, • JS-;:;i :Jj.ii ~ ,.:ill Jj:..) ~ :Jj.ii~I~) ~;:~IJ ~I...yl ~ - ,..i;,1 ~~~1J,;J1:J1:,1;;" ~- " . ,. ,,- ~*-~l..;¥.i;,,:.l;:.;1~L;J ~J):c, c.,;;Jj~ ~ "",,, th~i"JJ .4J~:;.;~;j+i~~~;,61:~J;:.J~13, Miqdad ibne-Aswad Ra<.liyallahu anhu narrates: I heardRasiilullah ~allallahu alaihi wasallam saying: There shall notremain on the face of the earth a mud-brick house or camels hairtent, (in any city, village or desert) in which Allah will not cause theKalimah of Islam to enter, either with a big honour and love or witha submissive humiliation-either Allah will honour fhem by makingthem from among the people of the Kalimah, or disgrace fhem bymaking them live as subjects of fhe Muslims. (Musnad Ahmad)
  28. 28. KALlMAH TAYYIBAH 9 [man~I~; J":iJ ~W I.G! iJ J;;;, ,:::.i 1i.J, ....., ~) J" , ~.I:.. ~ ii;, Jo"J.r" . . ". J-!. . <J"""-~ ; II"" Y) "T~!~! ~~ii,~:W~~lt!:J~j~yJ;lUJ~~I~~d»1 J~j :iJ)..;~1 ~ ~ ~ , ~~" J"" " ~":;;", .;..Jl ~W.i ,p. c:5 .Li Csi1 ,;111 J~j ,~ ",ij .lil o ;. "... " 1/ ." I J~ .Gi .G-i ~j ~ij J.iJ F ,-_.:Ju- ~~ r , ,~ .Ii,::";~hi::"2.<;:·,~;)i~h:;H) ,.l. ~ii;IJ:" , ,.Y ,.7"..r. l,,$~. i,,:i-,"1..:.;,,: Iii ~ ~, Q ~ :j ii:.~1 ii;I J.":- ~ ,~81 ~1 ~ .:jj ~~I ,.,," "" " """ ", "" " :J! ,<.; ~ ~1iS! ,, I~:~; "=";ji :cli J! ~)~ Ii: & ~ :J!~,Ii: ~~~ii:.)1 tl)~ Ii:~W :J~:dA~1 :.:Ji~I~~ 1, jlJ :J~j,;:>1~1 , , ,~1;)1$" ~j ~:l;i;)1$" ~ ~~ ~I tlj ~4l;i;)1$" ~ ~~ iH tlj~:l;i ;)1$" ~~~t ~~~ ~1 ~1 ~ ~j ,~~ :jJ.;,1 ~j ~ d»1 ~~j~ Zsl ~1~~I ~ Js. ~ J!j ~ ~ Si..;1 j1 ~ :}~ ,: ii,I ~ ~j ~1 ,: J!j :J I:,)j ~ ull~~ ~:dG- ~ ~~;1 ~ .¢:o1 G;!j ~ ~I ~1 ~;)j$i ~1.=.,y..)~ j~~;.i Jy ,~~ ~ :"1:f!1 ~ ,.p ~].r:i ~~:iu ~j Wu ~ " . , 0", ". ,rl..-"JJ:). j J,:-:i ~;B-ji I~~ .:,Jo.;ij ,~.J-il:.:..i ,f ~ I :j :ij},- P:; 1"1" :~J" ••• oI.4i I.o~~~o;...,~up ~~14. Ibn-e-Shimasa Al Mahri Ral)imahullah narrates that we werepresent with Amr ibnil-A~ Ra<;liyallahu anhuma while he was inthe throes of death. He was weeping continously and turned hisface towards the wall. . At this, his son consoled him saying: a myfather! Has Rasillullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam not given yousuch glad tidings? Has Rasillullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam notgiven you such glad tidings? He then faced us and said: Verily themost excellent thing that we prepare (for ourselves) is the testimonyof La iliiha illalliihu wa anna Muljammad ur Rasiilulliih (There isnone worthy of worship except Allah, and that Mul)ainmad is HisMessenger). Indeed I have passed my life through three phases.The first phase was that there was no one more bitter in hatredtowards Rasillullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam than myself, and noone more desiring to seize an opportunity to kill him than myself!And had I died in that state, I certainly would have been of thepeople of the Fire. Then, Allah placed Islam in my heart, I came toRasillullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam and said: Give me
  29. 29. KALlMAHTAYY/BAH 10 lmiinyour right hand so that I may pledge allegiance to you. He extendedhis right hand, but I withdrew my hand. At this, he asked: Whatstops you 0 Amr? I said: I want to make a condition. He said:Make a condition of what? I said: That I be forgiven! He said: Didyou not know that (the acceptance ot) Islam eradicates the sinscommitted before it and Hijrah (migration) eradicates the sinscommitted before it and that fjajj (pilgrimage) eradicates the sinscommitted before it.And (thereafter) no one was more revered to me than Rasiilullah.)allallahu alaihi wasallam. And I could not bear to fill my eyes(with the sight) of him out of reverence for him. And if I were askedto describe him, I would not be able to do so, as I never looked athim to my fill; and had I died in that state, I would have beenhopefully amongst the people of Paradise. Afterwards, we weregiven responsibilities regarding which I know not how I have fared.(This was the third phase of my life) So when I die (see that) I amnot accompanied by a wailing woman, or a fire. When you haveburied me, mould the mud upon my grave (in the shape ot) a mound,then remain standing around my grave for such time as it would taketo slaughter a camel and distribute its meat, so that I may feel solacefrom you, while I see what reply I give to the messengers (angels) ofmy Rabb. (Muslim)~:Jk&,~<G.:,.Abl !yJ,;,iIJI tt:~~ JU :JU~.iil, ~)~ ~ -1 0 r .l:~J" ••• J#l~.rJJ!Jl;~~,p..l-o"JJ.D~jj1~~1~~IS. Vmar Ra<)iyalliihu anhu narrates Nabi .)allallahu alaihiwasallam said: 0 son of Khanab! Go and announce amongst thepeople that indeed none shall enter Paradise except the Muminun(believers). (Muslim) ~ .~",I;l.llL,A..I.i u~ ~i tt~.J :J.i ~ &fI.:f ~.iill~) J,;l:",f ~ -, j " " I" """".>J uw,s.,...,J1 " "",. :<l,iJ ci""kllOIJ) (~.wI"".>J) .I;l.:.i ,~U !~~.J Yo .h.uJ)t-JJ.liJ16. Abu Lailii Ra<)iyalliihu anhu narrates that Nabi Sallalliihu alaihiwasallam said: Woe to you 0 Abu Sufyiin! Indeed I have come toyou with (the success ot) this world and the Hereafter, so acceptIsliim, and be safe. tTabaranI, Majma- uz-Zawaid)
  30. 30. KALIMAH TAYYIBAH 11 lman,,: ;; ;;";~I ~ji ~l5 1; :j~ ~ ~I ~ :J~:w. ,l,1 ......) ~j:; - V~l5:;; GI ~;j j:#] ~,L~ jl;.:.;i i):,:,;. 0l ~ ~l5:;; GI ~:,j !.:;-)~,: Ii; , ~ 10 <: .: • vo • ~ ;) ••• i.oYil1 y.JW y )II% y~ ,,;)<;.,1, 0)) ,~ir ct,l:Yl ~17, Anas Ra<;liyallahn anhu narrates: I heard Nabj Sallallahu alaihiwasallam saying: When the Day of Resurrection will take place, 1will be allowed intercession, so I will say: 0 my Rabb! Send toParadise whoever had in their hearts a mustard seed of Iman (AllahSubl)anahu wa Taala will accept my intercession), so they will enterParadise. Then, I will say: Send to Paradise whoever had in his heartthe smallest particle (oHman). (BukIJiirT)JAijGI ~~,iI ~j :¥~J~ ~ &?I.f :w.,l,I ......:, &~:WI ):~" ~J:; -, 19~l ~ y::; ~ ~ jib. 0l ~ ~l5 :;; I;.-;j :Jw ,l,1 j~ ~ )81 ~81!"" ~L>-jUI,: "11 <.S: , :i4S~F;ic:;J1 ~ <.S: •• " :j~jl;l"J.r, • ;·I.Ii~~Yo • . ;4 ~. • • "J: , ~ .r YY;),Jw.~j"~J.oiJ.Y Jt.<.,Io)J . ~:ii~ <.I:,.u&.fu 4 )io·H18. Abu Sajd Al KhudrI Ra<;liyallahu anhu reports that NabISallallahu alaihi wasallam in a Hadith Qudsi narrated: When thepeople of Paradise will have entered Paradise, and the people of theFire will have entered the Fire, Allah Ta ala will say: Take out fromit whosoever had in his heart Iman equal to the weight of a mustardseed. Accordingly, they will be taken out from the Fire, havingbeing burnt and blackened. They will be cast into the River of Lifefrom where they shall sprout afresh, as a seed sprouts on the bank ofa torrential stream. Have you not seen how it comes out yellow andcurved? (BukhlirT)~ !~I Jj.:.)~ :J~ J.i,-) :.Jt.:.. ~ ~1 Jj.:.) ~j :w. ~1 ......) a.lAl ~,j :;. - ~ .. ," ,~" "I" ". "1-"",,,,,,-,,),.swoJJ (~.w,) .~j.o -:.;I.i " I.,:, .:.ll<.L:..j ~ .:.lly.:. 1; :JI! ~il4i11 0, """. Y", , t/ ~.uI..wJJ19. Abu Umamah Ra<;liyaIlahu anhu narrates that a man askedRasUiullah SaIlallahu alaihi wasallam: 0 RasUiallah! What is Iman?He replied: When your good deed pleases you and your evil deedgrieves you, then you are a Mumin (believer), (Mustadrak :liikim)
  31. 31. KALlMAH 111 YYlBAH 12 imiln~ :;1; :J~ &J, dbl Jj.:o.J ~ 0 ~,l,1 Zs".J, It; iI 4; <t~I;" -y.","i~J,I.uIY"r1-"JJ~j.:o.J~~) G. , - db~" Zs".J:; .o~~1 , r*~~)~.J , ,o:riJ"" .~)il~~J20. Abbas ibne- Abdul Mugalib Ra<)iyallahu anhu narrates: I heardRasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam saying: He has indeed tastedthe delightful flavour of [man; who is pleased with Allah as Rabb,and with Islam as Deen (religion) and with Mui)ammad Sallallahualaihi wasallam as (Allahs) Messenger. (Muslim)Note: It means that whosoever worships Allah Subi)anahii wa Taalaand leads a life according to Islam with complete obedience toRasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam along with a profound lovefor Allah Subi)anahii wa Taala and RasiiluIIah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam has indeed tasted the sweetness of [man.~1 :~~~! ij~ ~j 9 . J-:; ~ :J~ ~ ~I . Zs".J;I;j -y ;.. ~,l,! , .~ .;; .oi .:,s:; .oij ,,ill. l 0i l <:oJ1 ~ .oij ,~I~ 4,0 9 :;";i AJ j.:o.Jj .:ill .0jS:i 0 . , ::; JJ 0, 0 } , " JI ,, :~J,u~~3Jj.,-4(-»~J) .~8~~J..at~lo~L:S" ~l~21. Anas Ra<)iyallahu anhu narrates Nab! SallaIIahu alaihiwasallam said: Whosoever possesses the following three qualitieswill have tasted the sweetness of [man: The one who loves Allah andHis Rasiil more than anything else; the one who loves a person onlyfor the sake of Allah; and the one who hates to return to Kufr(disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the Fire. (RukharT),db. ~j ,db.:";1 :; :J~ 0 ~ db! "Jj.:o.J ;j ~ ,l, Zs".J i;~1 UJ ;j-Y Y,<lJi..,aiiJ u~) b4j js- J)JJI Y4 .~j~y.i I)J ·~~11 ~I ~ ~,~J ,;u, ~J tA"rl)22. Abu Umamah Ra<)iyallahu anhu narrates that RasiilullahSallallahu alaihi wasallam said: Anyone, who loves for the sake ofAllah alone and hates for the sake of Allah alone; gives for the sakeof Allah alone and withholds for the sake of Allah alone, has indeedperfected his [man. (Abu Diiwud)
  32. 32. KALlMAN TAYYIBAH 13 iman V./Vi)~·)I~J,.j+.,J4J) .~j23. IbneAbbas Rac;liyaIlahu anhuma narrates that Nabi Sallallahualaihi wasaiiam asked Abu Dhar: a Abu Dhar! Which hand-hold oflman is most trustworthy? He replied: Allah Azza wa Jail, and HisRasiil know best. He said: Friendship for the sake of Allah alone,love for the sake of Allah alone and hatred for the sake of Aiiahalone. (Baihagl)Note: It means that from amongst the branches of lman, the mostlasting and invigorating is that, in ones dealings whether be it formaking or breaking ties, for love or hatred, one looks solely to thepleasure of Aiiah and acts according to His Commandments, leavingaside all his personal desires.i~~F)j~:;I:;JJ:£:~ ;111 J;:)J~ :J~~ihl <s-") .;.u~J~j::i -H ••/r....,.i.,j) lj.~ ~C<J:,i~j~:;I:;J J:£j24. Anas ibne-Malik Rac;liyallahu anhu narrates that RasiilullahSallaIIahu alaihi wasallam said: Good tidings to the one who hasbelieved in me and seen me; and good tidings seven times over to theone who has believed in me and has not seen me. (Musnad ADm.d)~ ~ y~ ,illl .lll * * ~ Illb :J~ .1>1 ~) 4;. ,;. .?-:,51 ::i -r 0Y ~ ,,., ;,], ~ <.S, J 01 .: I t:!; illS "" •. I p<-, • )..r-:... "" ~ .l, " ~ J Lii :J ~,~ .!J ,j ~,.1>1 ;~(~c~ :J WI!JjJ 1 lot.:! t~~ ~ ~1 ~1 i" :(/.i:;: ~,. ., <r..r- -Y!Y ~Ii" T I" ; . 0~1 . ~t/·,.,~". ~, 1 1 ~J!. ..T , ,, .•) " • n ,I .,....ilI";I)),,,,-"",.J)~Ij,.r$t.~~.I>-I.i,. :Jli)"sW")) . ::lw,25. Abdul Ra1)man ibne-Yazid Ra1)imahullah narrates that somepeople mentioned the Sa1)abah of Mu1)ammad Saiiaiiahu alaihiwasallam and their Iman before Abdullah Rac;liyallahu anhu. So,Abdullah said: Verily, the prophethood of Mu1)ammad SallallahuaIaihi wasallam was clear and obvious for anyone who had seenhim. And I swear by the One, besides Whom there is no one worthyof worship, no believer has a faith better than the belief in theUnseen. He then recited (from AI-Bagarah 2:1) Ali! Liim Mfm DhiilikalKitiibu Iii rayba fih ...bi! Ghaib "This is the Book (the Quran),
  33. 33. KALlMAH TAYYlBAH 14 lmlillwhereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqiin:pious and righteous persons - who believe in the unseen!" (MustadrakHakim),~I;l ,: :il JI ;;~jtilf, ~ :J.P) ~~ :~~ ~~I~) +l!~; q-i:; -y, ::, I "-: ~, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~,,~~ ~::,i,u, ~;l;»Jj ~:~i ~I :~L! ~~;l:;;.r;J jltilf, &;2 :"~i J.i.i ~L! •• /......1.,)) ;JJi~j~: I~T26. Anas ibne-Malik Ra<)iyalliihu anhu natTates that RasiilulliihSallallahu alaihi wasallam said: I wish that I could meet mybrothers. The Sa!)abah of NabT Sallalliihu alaihi wasallam asked:Are we not your brothers? He replied: You are my compauions, butmy brothers are those who will believe in me without having seenme. (Musnad A~mad)~ tilf, ~I ~.P) ~:;.; G;i~~ ~.&,~)~, ~~4 ~J:; -YV~l u~ :~~ eJ..;;;", JI>; J 11~ ,,1,;11? ,:>";"..:cJ..; ~~~ :~~ ~T) ~ ~L;S"I)~:":"j ~~"Q ~T):;.j} !~I ~.P) ~ :~~ !~ ~ ~ ~~ ,~t;;l ~~ ~ ~, "!~: ~1? ;~I J;iI ~ ,.J:":;;~!~ J:s. ~ ~~ ,;j,J.j. :~~~;j 11~ ~;:;lj";j IS-r.J ~ ~/ .1~ ".t f.!") ::1;-;, ~:..:.,):.:r.:r ~H !.&, J)",J- :J ~;;I::I .) :"t,.T. - J , "l>" ,--, ,.y /t .....I •,)) ..J:":;;~ !~J:s. ~ ~~ ,;j ,J.j.~;j,J.j.27. Abu Abdur Ra!)man Al Juhaul Ra<)iyalliihu auhu uarrated thatwe were sitting with Rasiilulliih Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, whentwo riders appeared. When he saw them, he said: These two menseem to be from the tribe of Kindah, Madh!)ij! When they reachedhim, it became evident that they were, in fact, from Madh!)ij. One ofthem came close to him to pledge allegiance. Upon taking the handof Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, he said: 0 Rasiilallah!What will be the reward for the one who has seen you and believesin you and verifies (that which) you (have been sent with) andfollows you? Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam replied: Goodtidings for him. So he passed his hand over the Prophets haud andleft, having made his pledge. Then the other came forward and tookthe Prophets hand to pledge allegiance. He said: 0 Rasiilallah! Theone who believes in you, and verifies you and follows you, although
  34. 34. KALlMAHTAYY/BAH 15 [manhe had not seen you, what will he get? He replied: Good tidings tohim, again good tidings to him, and again good tidings to him. So hepassed his hand over the Prophets hand and left, having made hispledge. (Musnad A~mad).f1 ~;y,.) ::>1-;.-1 ~ ihij:~;1>1 J~) J~ :J~ ~..1.I~) ~y:sJ;j -H,<..;JI; J>-j JW;1>1 J>- <.>;llitllp, ~Ij,~ ~:;Ij *,,:;1 ",G>:ll ~i;~j? 4-~:!:; :;..;-~ 4-;Oj 4;i~G:;";-~ 4-i;~ i;1.~ :";15 ;y,.)jill 4-:-";l 1 ~ V:~ ) ,.w.i j bij.:o.- )l~y~ ,~)l:>..,l¢J) .r;>1}:-128. Abu Musa Rac)iyallahu anhu narrates that Rasiilullah sallallahualaihi wasallam said: There are three types of people, who will havea double reward: A man from among the people of the Book (Jew orChristian), who believed in his Prophet and (also) believed inMui)ammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam; a slave when he fulfils hisduties to Allah as well as the duties to his master; and a master of awoman-slave who brought her up in an excellent manner andeducated her with the best of knowledge and then set her free andmarried her, for him is also a double reward. (BukhiirT)Note: The objective of this padIth is to explain that a double rewardwill be recorded in respect of each and everyone of their deeds,compared with those of others. For example, if anyone offers saIat,he will receive a tenfold reward and when anyone from these threepersons does the same action, his reward will be twenty-fold. (Ma?iihirl:Iaque)~Li.; ~;l>IJ~)~~ :JIil~..1.~)fji1~ :J~..1.I~)i:.)I;j -y~~1.;,j;~i;i~ :J~ )ji~~I-..1.1 I).;, :.f;ji1 JIil ,.f;yl j:..j ~"~I~~ I~ " , m.4>-i"JJ .!~~,~j;<;l~,~~I~,~j.j29. Awsal Rai)imahullah narrated that Abu Bakr Rac)iyallahu anhuaddressed us saying: A year ago RasiHullah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam stood at this very place where I am standing. Andthereafter, Abu Bakr began to weep. Then Abu Bakr Rac)iyallahuanhu said: Ask Allah for Afiyah (well being) as no one has beengiven anything better than Afiyah after Yaqln (certainty in faith).(Musnad A~mad)
  35. 35. KAUMAHTAYYIBAII 16 imlind,;;" Jjl :J~ f@> ~I ~j $~I~) ~i;,. i.f~] i.f", :~ J J~ Y -r". , •• / ~_/~ , ,J. I t YV/V"4~~JJ+d"J) . .f"JljJ>4~ lA~WJJij~)lj~4~"JI~,L> - / / ~ ~30. Abdullah ibne-Amr Ra<;liyallahu anhuma narrates that indeedNabT Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: The beginning of thereformation of this Ummah was due to firm belief and abstainingfrom worldly pleasures, and the beginning of the decline of thisUmmah will be due to miserliness and long hopes. (BaihaqT)~)S-Ji~~ ~ of@> #J<J:"::! J~J~ ~..1lI~:! rJ,;J J, ~ Y -r" , --JliJ-.L.rlJ) .U!k"t:y,ij t:,,~ j:ill.:.;WI ~j) L;$ ~~j ~Ji J;. ,i»1-ft HI t <") ,JiIJJsylljy, ,~.;,-->~....31. Umar ibnil-Kha(lab Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that RasiilullahSallalHihu alaihi wasallam said: Indeed, if you put your faithcompletely in Allah, as it ought to be, then surely you will beprovided sustenance as birds are provided for. They leave in themorning with their stomachs empty and return in the evening dulyfilled. (TirmidhT) ~~~ ~, / J:% ~ J ~ loW.r.:: "", J" H:: (eJ:..ui . i ,: ;·:O.lill . .lil ~ !!-. - -n . I; "" .lill ,J", " .r .;?.....- 15f), " . l>- .. <.ilfi, ,i»1 Jj.:..) J;! I~~I ;.5 ,Ij ;j lln.iil ~):,~ I~ ~ i1If, ,i»1 Jj.:..:! ~~j I;;;;:, ~ ~j !;...::. ~ i1If, #JI :Jj.:..) J;! ,;.i!4 ~J6: ; d b ;;)j / / F ~ "" /. ~ / / I;;; ~~, ~ / /. J ,~ ,I~U uij:b- ~..b~ll..,,)t :JLil I~;i.41~lj U~.J.i i1If, ;ill Jj.:..) I~~;;;;y..:,j;,. j ~~ ~j ~SIi ...ill!I :,: i; ~:.,:. ,. I;::;:; :J~ I 8.:.. ~:Ii;j J,j ,: ~i:: .t! I~ .;~), •••• ~4~~;,roY:(l.S)GWI~IJ)32. Jabir ibne- Abdulliih Ra<;liyallahu anhuma nanated that heaccompanied Rasiilullah Sallallahu a1aihi wasallam in an expeditiontowards Najd; and when Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam wasreturning from this expedition, he was with him. At noon, theyreached a valley, full of thorny trees. Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihiwasallam dismounted and the people dispersed amongst the trees,seeking shade. Rasiilullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam rested under atree and hung his sword on it. We slept for a while when RasiilullahSallallahu alaihi wasallam suddenly called us, and there was a
  36. 36. KALIMAH TAYYIBAH 17 [mullBeduin disbeliever with him. He said: This (Beduin) drew my swordat me while I was asleep: So I woke up, while the naked sword wasin his hand and he said to me: Who can save you from me? I said tohim three times: Allah! Rasiilullah .)allalliihu alaihi wasallam didnot punish him and sat down. (BukharT) +uc;J;:)WJJ~ ~~,~j.1I~)~~jJ#:J)~,h;J~;j -11:J~ .~;j.:J~~~~j.::J~,;IJ::)~~~:J~!+uc;J.i,)~~-:Jlc; ~ .~. ~F ~F,~ v~ij ,i,;J.u1 ~ ~ c:.J; :Ji.l ~~; Ii:; W ,u;.a;.- ~ Js:J L>~ F F .F " , F F I , , ; ,~I ~ Jl:,61 jrs-j ,~~~ ~ J) .fj J:,6j jlS-j ,<s~4i .slJ;lj-iJlj).wo,,)) .4i )Y~j.:~ ~I J~ ,~8IJAhl; ~1 jlS-j,~ ~j)jl;; ,r~/ r)l..,)I).:,H....~~ly~,~33. .)alii) ibne-Mismar and Jafar ibne-Burqan Rai)imahumallahnarrate that Nah! .)allalliihu alaihi wasallam asked Harith ibne-Malik: How are you, 0 Harith ibne-Malik? He replied: A Mumin, 0Rasiilallah! He asked: A true Mumin! He replied: A true Mu min.Nab! .)allallahu alaihi wasallam said: For every fact, there is areality. So what is the reality of your Iman? He replied: I haveturned myself away from the world, and pass my nights awake (inworship) and pass my days in thirst (fasting). And as if I am seeingthe Arsh (Throne) of my Rabb when it shall be brought, and as if Iam seeing the people of Paradise visiting one another therein, and asif [ am hearing the howling of the people of the Fire! At that,Rasiilullah .)allalliihu alaihi wasallam said: (Harith is) A Muminwhose heart has been enlightened. (Mufannaf Abdur Razzaq);u, ~t,;.;l :J~ (~l.,Jw~I:l?:Jj ~ tsfil; ~.11~) f:c;;j -1t"J) . 4-); J ~I tl6::;; ~ ~I Jiw J oi; ,i:; ~~ ~ ,~I ~ "~j _ F F _ flY It.I_i34. Maiz Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that Nab! .)allalliihu alaihiwasallam was asked which of the deeds are most virtuous? He said:Iman on Allah the One, then Jihad, and then an accepted Bajj. Thesesurpass all other deeds (in excellence), as the distance between therising of the sun and its setting in the west. (Musnad Ai)mad)
  37. 37. KALlMAH TAYYIBAH 18 [mallJ~ 9iJi~~Ji ~~I ~~)y~1 j~ :J~~.iill <:.2)~~t ~J~ -10:~9Q~,~i~,i;l,~)9Q~,~i~,i;l,~!~~~~h.>j;; ~ ~ ~ ;~I:~~<J~) ~ t, :ri ),~Ij)~,J".r-5 .:f~I..,..,~ ,~jt~y.i"Jj .~35. Abu Umamah Ra<)iyallahu anhu uarrates that one day theSal)abah of Rasillullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam mentioned aboutthe (luxuries of the) world in his presence. So, Rasiilulliih Sallalliihualaihi wasallam (drawing the attention of the Sal)ahah to emphasizestrongly the importance of the topic) said: Behold! Will you notlisten? Behold! Will you not listen? Verily, a simple, humble hardylife emanates from Iman. Verily, a simple, humble hardy lifeemanates from Iman. Meaning thereby, a hardy life with simpleclothes and giving up luxuries of life to such an extent that a personsskin becomes dry. (Abu Dawiid)Note: This does not mean that Iman is limited to a hardy life butIman encompasses within itself numerous distinguished qualities.W:J~ ,i~, :J~ ~~ 9Q~1 .:.~ :J~ ~ .iill <:.2) ;, :" J J;:" ~ -1" ~ ~ ~ F H/f~[o))(~..wl~JAJ) ~~1~ :J~~~~l36. Amr ibne- Abasah Ra<)iyallahu anhu asked: Which [man is thebest? Nab! Sallalliihu alaihi wasallam replied: Hijra (generally itmeans migration). And then asked: What is Hijra? Nab! Sallalliihualaihi wasallam replied: To forsake evil. (Masnad AI)mad)*,~I}JJl !~IJ~)~.:.li :J~~.iilI<:.2)~I~4J~~~ -lV.j. f I~ ~~ ":":TJl :J~ ,j~ :~d ....);;~,}j ,j~ 1:-;.1 ~ :.Jl:,H ~ji , " ~:~ ) r,>,-)I ...h."" J t"~ y~ ,~oJ)37. Sufyan ibne- Abdullah Aththaqafi Ra<)iyallahu anhu narratedthat I asked: 0 Rasillalliih! Tell me something most important aboutIslam, so that I will have no further need to ask about this fromanyone after you. He said: Say, I believe in Alliih, and be steadfasttherein. (Muslim)Note: First, to believe in Alliih and in all of His attributes, thencomply with His Commandments and those of His Messenger. This[man and compliance thereof ought not to be transitional but shouldbe held steadfastly to. (Maeahir ~Iaque)
  38. 38. KALlMAH TAYYIBAH 19 [man~~~I t;:~jill J;::; J~J~ $illl~:; ..,.,WI J. " " "" Jrs- J. jill 4:;-(/ " (J:.) .j ~~~I ;W 01 -.illl I~U ~I y.:JJ1 ~ w- ~~1.,; Y ~ J1;.,;i....ail)) ,~I J~ ~1..l.iJ ,..:;..+~ JY-.rA"6J1J)J~1 Jtf<.t~~..l? ..lA ;JiJ ~~ ¢IJ) I j "",.ill38. Abdullah ibne-Amr ibnil-A~ Ra<;liyallahu anhuma narratesthat RasUlullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: Verily, the Iman inyour hearts becomes worn, just as clothes become worn out andtaltered. So, keep on asking Allah to renew the Iman in your hearts.(Mustadrak Bakim):":;:j 1.0 ~i:;. Jjjc;.J-.ill, t!:~ ~I J~ :J~ ~.illl ~):;.;~:;. -,.~ loli:~jP" .jjl.:AlJJI..:--JJk;J-:-~>J~OJj ,~j~(tl ~1A)j:w,~:.39. Abu Hurairah Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahualaihi wasallam said: Verily, Allah has forgiven my Ummah the evilpromptings or desires of their hearts, as long as they do not act uponthem or speak of them. (BukhiirT)~~J! :.jw ~~I,;,~jY.fU<t>:- :J~~.illI~):;.;~J:; -I.t:!? ~1 :J~.;.Ai :I)~ ~rJ~j ~ j :J~ .~,;.k;i 01 U.l;.;.1~ 1.0 ( _,n rt :P-!)". .J~)}L.r")J~":-~~OJ)~~140. Abu Hurairah Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that some of theSal)abah Ra<;liyallahu anhum came to Nabi Sallallahu alaihiwasallam and asked him: We find that, in our hearts, arise suchthoughts that we would be ashamed to talk of them. He said: Well,do you indeed feel like that? We said: Yes. He replied: That is pureIman. (Muslim)Note: This means that when these thoughts instigate you and, farfrom believing in them, you do not even want to ulter them, thenindeed this is the sign of perfect Iman. (NawawT).illl 4~ ~~ ~ 01 ~;~ Y IJJ:S1:~ Jbl J;::; J~ :J~ ~.illl~:; i:;; ~J:; -I , I "j, """.rI""j""""""J-<.. i"JJ .~j~J~0J;i41. Abu Hurairah Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that RasUlullah
  39. 39. KALIMAHTAITIBAH 20 lmiinSallalHihu alaihi wasallam said: Testify frequently La ilaha illal/ah(None is worthy of worship except Allah) before a barrier (death orillness) comes between you and it. (Musnad Abu YaIii, Targhib)illl ~ ~ i;Ji ~ ~j 2JlA ;;:~ ;"1 J~) J~ :J~ ~ .lil ~)~,z ;j - t Y r:r!J • .:.J,o.:roi,)i~JJJ.J-:"~~~JJ .G:;;:;42, Uthman ibne- Afran Ra<;liyallahu anhu narrates that RasiilullahSallallahu alaihi wasallam said: He, who died knowing (andbelieving) that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, willenter Paradise. (Muslim):il>1 ~i ~ ~J 2JlA ;;:~;"I J~) J~ :J~ ~.lil~) ~~.;~,z;j -t r ,~q,j~J.o..-..,~~J:i¢IJ) .i;Jr~~ J;.43. Uthman ibne-Afran Radiyallahu anhu narrates that RasiilullahSallallahll alaihi wasallam said: He, who died knowing that Allah isTrue and He exists, will enter Paradise. (Musnad Abu YaIa) ~..,; ;:. "I -:" ~~ " I ~, ," ., , ~ ,~ , F, o~ , 0 ~;; ~ I i) "1 i:iill ~ :;1 :JW.iil1 J~:~:.,.:JI ~ ,~ , J~ :JI.i ~ .iill ~) (#;f -t t,~c...""J"J,",jI.r-JI"JJ .~I~~) ~~; ;;j~~;~)u~) - - H"/Y.r--I1tc,J144. All Ra<;liyallahll anhu narrates that Nab! Sallallahll alaihiwasallam said in a f.ladTth Quds! that Allah Ta ala says: Indeed I amAlJah, there is none worthy of worship except Me; he whoacknowledges My Oneness enters My fortress, and he who entersMy fortress is safe from My Punishment. (Shirazj, Jami-u,-saghjr)(:<. .ft Y;l?-.J.i:,:L!;,;, J,f ~ ,~ :J~ ~~ .lil~: y~;j - t c,: ; .i ~ ,~;:~;~sit.:!,~!i;,,; ~j i;,l?- t ~~j ~j).t. Y:-:, !;"I J~) Ii :J~Iii ~J~ ?~li:~ ~I J~ ?~ji ~;j J# ,(.@:i;:,~ if;~ q.>i ~ ;:;:b;-.li, ~~:~ ~I J~ ,<i~)j,~ I~ ~lj;j~). ~ ,.i.;.j.lil~)~).- i ~1 ¥~ , ~ " ,, ", ,- " " " " , , . . .. "I ~ Ii :JLi! i"~ ~~ J;Yj <!.J!.lS a ",J ,," "?~.J"..lj ~I)~j !;ill J~: lA..;lJ Jl~ "t ,I" ft5 ",~~I .J4ij,;.;S:;~}IJ) ,~I~j.!..ln:,.t.j :Jill
  40. 40. KALlMAN TAYYlBAN 21 lmlill45. Makl)iil Ral)imahuWih narrated that a very old man, witheyebrows drooping over his eyes, came and said: 0 Rasiilallah Aman who had betrayed, fornicated, and not left any wish or aslightest desire (whether permitted or forbidden) but fulfilled it; if hissins were distributed amongst the entire population of the world, theywould be destroyed thereby. Can his turning with repentance beaccepted? Rasiilul1ah SallaWihu alaihi wasallam asked: Have youembraced Islam? He replied: As for me, I bear witness that there isnone worthy of worship except Allah, Alone, without partner, andthat Mu1]ammad is His slave and Messenger.NabT Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: Then, indeed Allah will keepforgiving you and replacing your evil deeds with righteous ones aslong as you are faithful to the words of this Kalimah. At this, the oldman exclaimed: 0 Rasiilallah! And my betrayals and myfornication? NabT Sallallahu alaihi wasallam replied: And yourbetrayals and your fornication. The old man then turned and leftsaying (out of sheer joy): Allallli Akbar, La ilaha il/al/ah. (Talsir ibnKathir):J~ w. ;<Jj:.) ~J~~.);,I~) .,...,IAII J. Jr-<- J.;1.1 4 ~ -t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - , / ~ , , I ~~ ~ ~ / ,;;. .~J ~ & .., J :;i ;C;uJI" r.f. qJJJ cs- l.i: -" )IJ. " , ..:l>1 .:JI, , " r "~I ,, I~ ·T· . J .,h:.::., j!.~0··L;~I <:" 2J;Ji,1 no;:; I~ V"/ c:; 1:Ji;:J ~ 1~ v-; I.,.. l5,~ .r-: ~ .~ ~ ..T" . ,:1 I:" .r~-: I,.i , /i:,;. G~::.u 0t ,J; :J~ !~) ~,~ :J~ ~)J.; ~1 :J~ 12» ~,~ :J~,~ I~ 01 ¥1) .);,1 ~t Jt ~ ~j ¥14;i ill!." c;..;l ,~j;JI : 1:1~;.J.i; ~ <i~ / ~/;; 1 J/ / 0 I ) ~ / ~ _ ~ J!,:Jl<i ~..::J¥I ~+> ~ ;;,Jlh.fl ~+> ~ !~) ~ :Jj4 ,.!.1Y:";;"1 :Jj4 ,Alj:.»): iii) -S¥I ~t1J~~illh,Jl)~ ~ ,>}.",.:.)I~:,.;l :J~ .~ ~ d~:rJ ~~ Lo Y4 ~~.f-.;.-~.Jwo- 1..i.k. :Jl!J.s~ yJ ~IJ) .~~ ~1 ~ ~ ~ ~) ,Jj~1 YI"~;~)"" • .;,;~46. Abdullah ibne- Amr ibni] As Ra<;liyallahu anhuma narrates: Iheard RasiilulJah Sallallahu alaihi wasaJlam saying: Indeed Allahwill summon a man from my Ummah in the presence of the entirecreation on the Day of Resurrection and ninety-nine scrolls (of evildeeds) wil1 be unrolIed in front of him, while each scroll (length)being as far as the eye can see. He (Allah) wil1 ask: Do you deny
  41. 41. KALlMAH TAYYIBAH 22 [mananything (written) here? Have My scribes done any injustice to you?He will say: No, my Rabb. Allah will say: Have you got any excusefor it? He will reply: No, my Rabb. Allah will say: We have with usa good deed of yours, and verily, today no injustice will be done toyou. Then a piece of paper will be brought forth written therein willbe these words: 4i.:?))O~ 1~~¥fJ~~1I ~~41~i§~t ¥t I hear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and I hear witness that MOJ;mmmad is His slave and Messenger.Then Allah will say: Go and have it weighed. He will say: 0 myRabb, what is (the weight of) this paper as compared to all of thesescrolls? Allah will say: Indeed there will be no injustice to you. Thescrolls will then be placed in one pan (of the scale) and the piece ofpaper in the other pan. Thereupon, compared to the weight of thepiece of paper, the pan of scrolls will begin to fly. And nothing canoutweigh the name of Allah. (TirmidhT):} ),.!i>I~!;,l) i ~ ~:~ ~<J~ :~~ ~iil <$") .:s}.:.oi~1 i;.<. ~:; -t V -- " "" "·.!i>1 j.Js, i :~rJ~,jj ,~~I ~Y. i1J,,f ~ ~t4--,~j.: :";<".!i>1 j.Js, i ~I Jj:.» _,1-,0 oJ:; 0,0~")J.h...,J~IJ~IJ"I.r.bIiJ"-i"J)·9 wS ~ ~;G,JI J.;:-,i it ~~I ~y~i~, ,,,o/.lJJ)~..:.Jw47. Abu Amrah Al AnsarI Racjiyallahu anhu narrates that NabISallallahu alaihi wasallam said: I bear witness that there is noneworthy of worship except Allah, and that I am His Messenger. Anyslave (of Allah) who meets Allah with this belief, this Kalimah willkeep him away from Fire on the Day of Resurrection. In anothernarration: Anyone who meets Allah on the day of Judgementtestifying these two, (Oneness of Allah and Prophethood ofMuljammad Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) shall enter Paradise, despiteall his sins. (Musnad Af:lrnad, TubaranL Majma-uz-Zawaid)Note: Commentators in the light of this and similar a1)adIth state thatsuch a person will enter into Paradise either his sins being forgivenby the Mercy of Allah or after he has withstood punishment.(Mu ariful J:ladTth)

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