Muhammad (SAW) The Messenger  of Allah
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Muhammad (SAW) The Messenger  of Allah Muhammad (SAW) The Messenger of Allah Document Transcript

  • ,61+*^J ~J.rv~ Muhammad MuhammadThe Mesenger AIIahTheMessenger of Allah May Allah Exalt his Mention Mau his Mention Written by: Abdurrahman al-Sheha al-Sheha Translated by: Translated by: Abdurrahmaan Murad Abdurrahmaan Murad • ~~fI J+;aJ-lil:t.i:ic/-&p" ~ 4a;. 4.r-c:- I ....._~ .,).J.JI~I~;;.:lla..JIJ~~ .H,t~~~t 141 t~~ .j-5t.tJl I islJl3 ..; e lidl! rtc dl t1l l9?i.;.:i~~~iJ~J~~Ij1JI41AllI~aj/4 g*h F44,4iJ if.lslrj l;dtr[r ty art.rjl.:
  • ©O Abdulrahman Abdulkarim Bin Al.Sheha,2005 Abdulrahman Bin Abdulkarim AI-Sheha, 2005Kkg Fold Notioul tribrary Cuologng-td-Palltcotion DataKing FaIttI Nflfiollllllilmuy Cflfflloging-in-PIIOlicfltiOIl OflfflAl-Sheha,AbdulrahmanBin AbdulkarimAI-Sheha, Abdulrahman Bin Abdulkarim Muhammad The Messenger Allah/ Abdulrahman Bin Muhammad : The Messenger of Allah/ Abdulrahman BinAbdulkarimAl-Sheha- Riyadh.2005Abdulkarim AI-Sheha- Riyadh. 2005 96p12x17cm 96pl2xl7em ISBN: 9960-47-364-3 ISBN: 9960-47-364-3 l- Prophet Muhammad 1- Prophet Muhammad Life I- 1- Title239 dc239 de 14261626 1426/626 Legal Deposit no. 14261626 Legal Deposit no. 1426/6261 [ ISBN 9960-47-364-3 ISBN:: 9960-47-364-3 J Say, "0 People of the Book, come to a word that is Say, "O People of the Book, come to word thatequitable between and you - that we will notequitable between us and you - that we will notworship except Allah and not associate anythingworship except Allah and not associate anythingwith Him and not take one another as lords insteadwith Him and not take one another as lords instead (t)of Allah, (I) But if they turn away, then say, "Bear witness thatof Allah, if away, then say, witnesswe are Muslims [Submitting to Him]." [Submitting Him]." (Quran 3:64) (Quran 3:64)(I) By obeying another in disobedience to Allah.(l) By obeying another disobedience Allah. AI-Homaidhi PlPre.. Tel. 4581000 Al-Homridhi P/Pr.t! Tcl. 45tl00O
  • Muhammad, the Messen~er of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & used Terminology used in this Book Common (Taken from Sheik Mahmoud Murads book Common mistakes in (raken Sheik Mahmoud};;:; o""a mistakes Translation) Rubb1. Rubb: Some prefer to translate the term Rubb intol. Rubb: Some translateLord. Beside the fact that the latter is a Biblical termLord. Beside factreferring to the alleged lordship of the slave of Allah,referring lordship Allatu lord which is limited toProphet Jesus, the word lord which Jesus, word limitedmaster, chief, proprietor, ruler,master, chief, proprietor, or ruler, can never convey Rubb.the conclusive signification of the term Rubb. Among Among Rubb means, the Creator,other signification, the term Rubb means, Creator,the Fashioner, the Provider, the One upon Whom all Fashioner, upon Whomcreatures depend for their means of subsistence, and thecreatures means subsistence,One Who gives life and causes death, causesdeath. Deen,2. Deen: The word translated as religion is Deen, which2. Deen: word translated as whichin Arabic commonly refers to a way of life, which is both commonly refers whichprivate and public. It is an inclusive term meaning: acts actsof worship, political practice, and a detailed code of practice, codeconduct, including hygiene or etiquette matters. including matters.3.1#l Sallallaahu aIaihi ws sallam. Some translate it peaceas be upon him. This translation is incorrect; the maycorrect translation is, Allah exalt his mention, andrender him and his household safe and secure fromevery derogatory thing. 5
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 of All praise is due to Allah, the Rubb of the worlds, and may All praise the Rubb the Allah exalt the mention of His Prophet, and render him and exalt the mention Prophet, and render and his household safe and secure from all derogatory things. household safeand secure derogatory things. When talking about Prophet Muhammad • one should about Prophet 6 one should keep he about the greatest individual keep in mind that he is talking about the greatest individual in history. This is not a baseless claim; for the one who reads history. is a baseless claim; the one reads his biography, and learns of his mannerisms and ethics, while biography, and leams his mannerismsand ethics, keeping aside all preconceived notions would certainly reach keeping aside all preconceived notions certainly reach Somefair and just non-Muslimshave reached this conclusion. Some fair and just non-Muslims have reached this conclusion. this conclusion as well. this conclusionas well. Professor Hasan Ali, may Allah have mercy on him, said in Professor Hasan may Allah have mercy on him, said Noorhis magazine Noor aI-Islam that a Brahmin! colleague of hishis magazine al-Islamthat a Brahminl colleague his him: I recognizeand believethat the Messengeronce told him: I recognize and believe that the Messenger ofonceIslam is the greatest and most mature man in history.Islam is the greatest and most mature man history.Professor Hasan Ali, may Allah have mercy on him, askedProfessorHasan may have merry on him, askedhim: Whyhim: Why do you consider him as the greatest and most consider as the greatest and most No manmature man? He answered: No man possessed themafure man? answered: possessed thecharacteristics, mannerisms and ethics that he possessed atcharacteristics, mannerismsand ethics that he possessed atone time. He was a king under whom the entire peninsulaone time. was a under the entire peninsulawas unified; yet he was humble. He believed that thewas unified; yet he was humble. believed that thedominion belonged to his God alone.dominion belongedto his God alone. Great riches would come to him, and yet he lived in a state Great riches come to him, and yet he lived a state poverty; fire his house for many daysof poverty; fire would not be lit in his house for many days not beand he would stay hungry. He was a great leader; he ledand he stay hungry. He was a great leader; he ledsmall numbers into battle against thousands, and yet hesmall numbers into battle against thousands, and yet he loved peaceagreements,would decisively defeat them. He loved peace agreements, decisively defeat them.and would agree to them with a firm heart; even though heand agreeto them a heart; even though hehad thousands of his brave and courageous Companions byhad thousands his brave and courageous CompanionsII Brahmin: member of the highest of the four Hindu castes: the priestly caste. Brahmini member of highest of four Hindu castes: priestly caste 6
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of f3Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6his Companion was very brave and could confronthis side. Each Companion was very brave and could confront thousand while not feeling thea thousand enemies alone, while not feeling the least bit bitintimidated. Prophet was kind-hearted, merciful, andintimidated. Yet, the Prophet was kind-hearted, merciful, anddid not want drop of He was deeplydid not want to shed a drop of blood. He was deeplyconcerned about affairs of Arabian Peninsula, yetconcemed about the affairs of the Arabian Peninsula, yet hedid not neglect affairs of family, household, ordid not neglect the affairs of his family, household, or thepoorpoor and needy. He was keen to disseminate Islam amongst who had In wasthose who had gone astray. In general, he was a man manconcerned with betterment wellbeing of mankind, yetconcemed with the betterment and wellbeing of mankind, yet did not indulge in worldlyhe did not indulge in amassing worldly fortune. He busiedhimself with worship Allahhimself with the worship of Allah and loved doings deedswhich pleased Allah. He never avenged himself on account ofwhich Allah. himselfpersonal reasons. He even prayed for his enemies wellbeing, reasons. enemiesand would warn them of the punishment of Allah. would wam punishment Allah. He was an ascetic regarding worldly affairs and would ascetic worldly wouldworship Allah throughout the night. He was the brave andworship Allah throughoutcourageous who with sword -courageous soldier who fought with the sword - and the -infallible Prophet - the conqueror who conquered nations andinfalliblecountries. He slept on a mat of hay, and a pillow filled withcountries. pillow withcoarse fibers. People crowned him as the Sultan over Arabs,coarse fibers. People him asor King of the Arabian Peninsula, yet his family lived a Arabian Peninsula, familysimple life, even after they received great fortunes; the riches after received fortunes; richeswere piled in the Masjid. Fatima complained to him about the himstrenuous work she did, the grinding stone and water jug work she the grinding stone anC iugwhich she to -which "he used to carry - how they had left marks on herbody. The Messenger at that time was dividing the female Messenger at dividing femaleand male slaves amongst the Muslims. He did not give her aand slaves amongst the give aportion of that wealth; instead, the Prophet taught her a few of instead, the a fewwords and supplications. His Companion, Umar came to his and supplications. Companion, came to hishouse and looked in his room, and saw nothing but a hay mathouse and looked in his room, and saw a hay matwhich the Prophet was sitting on, which had left marks on his the Prophet was sitting on, had left marks on his 7
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ..Muhammail,theMessengerof Allah Wbody. Thebody. The only provisions in the house were half a Saa provisions the house were half. a Saa(measure weight) barley a container, and a(measure of weight) of barley in a container, and a water skinthat - this is all the Messengerthat hung on the wall - this is all the Messenger of Allah theowned at a time his control. Whenowned at a time half the Arabs were under his control. When the Arabs wereUmar saw this, he could not control himself and wept. The saw this, he could control and wept. TheMessenger Allah 6 said: Why are weeping O Umar?Messenger of Allah" said: Why are you weeping 0 Umar? replied: Why weep - Khosrau and CaesarHe replied: Why shouldnt I weep - Khosrau and Caesarenjoy themselves in this world and the Messenger of Allah ..enjoy themselves and the Messenger 6 responded: O Umar, wouldntonly owns what I see! He responded: 0 Umar, wouldnt it see!pleaseplease you that this is the share of Khosrau and Caesar in this is the share Khosrau and Caesarlife, and the Hereafterlife, and in the Hereafter this pleasure would be for us alone? pleasure be us alone? When the Prophet examined his troops When the Prophet examined his troops prior to the theoccupationoccupation of Makkah, Abu Sufyan stood beside al-Abbas, Makkah, Sufyan stood beside al-Abbas,the uncle the Prophet 6 and they looked the bannersthe uncle of the Prophet" and they looked at the banners ofthethe Muslim army. Abu Sufyan at that time was not a Muslim. army. Sufyan at that was a was amazedHe was amazed by the vast number of Muslims; they the vast Muslims; theyadvanced towards Makkah like a torrent of water. No oneadvanced towards Makkah like a torrent water. one stopcould stop them and nothing stood in their way. Abu Sufyan and stood Sufyanthen said al-Abbas:O Abbas,then said to al-Abbas: 0 Abbas, your nephew has become a nephew has becomea Abbas responded saying: This isgrand King! Abbas responded saying: This is not kingship,rather prophethood,and the Message Islam.rather prophethood, and the Message of Islam. Adee at-Taeg the son Adee at-Taee, the son of Hatim at-Taee who is the Hatim at-Taee is theparadigm generosity,paradigm of generosity, attended the assembly of the Prophet attendedthe assembly the Prophet.. while he was stin a Christian. When he saw how the6 he was still a Christian. When he saw theCompanionsaggrandizedand respected Prophet,he wasCompanions aggrandized and respected the Prophet, he was theconfused- was he a Prophet a king? asked himself, isconfused - was he a Prophet or a king? He asked himself, isthis a king or a Messenger the Messengers Allah? Whilethis Messenger of the Messengers of Allah? Whilehe was pondering over this, a destitute woman came to thehe was pondering over this, destitute woman came thePropheti: and said: l wish to tell you a secret. He said to her:Prophet * and said: r tell secret. said her:whichwhich road in Madinah do you want me to meet you in?The road Madinah you me meet in? TheProphet .. left with the destitutemaid, and took care of herProphet 6 the destitute maid, and took care 8
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. the ofMuhammad, Messenger Allahtl&needs. When Adee saw the humbleness of the Prophet, heneeds. When Adee saw the humbleness of the Prophet, herealized the truth and the crosses that he wasrealized the truth and discarded the crosses that he waswearing and became Muslim.wearing and became a Muslim. We will mention some statements of the Orientalists We will mention some statements of the Orientalistsconceming Muhammad 6. We as Muslims believe in theconcerning Muhammad •. Muslims inProphet • and Message. We mentioning theseProphet 6 and his Message. We are mentioning thesestatements for following two reasons:statements for the following two reasons: as reminder admonitiona. To serve as a reminder and admonition for name-sakeMuslims who their they wouldMuslims who abandoned their Prophet, so that they wouldheed and retum to their Deen. and return their Deen.b. So that non-Muslims would know who the Prophet is fromb. that non-Muslims would know who Prophet fromthe statements of their own people, so that they would be their own people, wouldguided to Islam.guided I ask these people to not hold any preconceived notions these Preconceivedwhen searching for the truth, when reading this or any otherwhen whenIslamic material. I ask Allah to open their hearts and chests to ask Allah oPen hearts chestsaccept the truth, and to show them the right path and inspireacceptthem to follow it. follow Abdurrahmaan Abdul-Kareem Abdurrahmaan b. Abdul-Kareem al-Sheha b. al-Sheha Riyadh,11535 Riyadh, 11535 P.O.Box59565 P.O. Box 59565 Email: alsheha@yahoo.com Email:alsheha@yahoo.com http://www .islamland.org http://www.islamland. 9
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah 13Muhammad,theMessenger Allah i&Who is the Messenger, Muhammad 13?Who is the Messenger, Muhammad s?His Lineage:His Lineage: He is Abul-Qasim (father of Al-Qasim) Muhammad, son of He is Abul-Qasim Al-Qasim) Muhammad,Abdullah, son of Abdul-Mutalib. His lineage traces back toAbdullah, son Abdul-Mutalib. tracesthe tribe of Adnan, son of Ismael [the Prophet of Allah, thethe tribe of son Ismael [theson of Ibraheem, the one whom Allah chose for His love] mayson whom Allah chose mayAllah exalt their mention. His mother is Aminah, daughter ofAllah Aminah, daughter ofWahb.Wahb.The Prophet ~ said: Prophet 6 said: Indeed Indeed Allah chose the tribe of Kinanah over other Allah chose Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Ismail; He chose the Quraish children Ismail; chose Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim Kinanah; chose Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me families Quraish; Hashim. (Muslimf2276) from Banu Hashim. (Muslim #2276) ftom Thus, the Prophet ~ has the noblest lineage on earth. His 6 Hisenemies attested to this fact; Abu 5ufyan, who was the arch Abu Sufyan, whoenemy of Islam before he became Muslim, attested to this fact became Muslim,in front of Heraclius, the Ruler of Rome. Rome. AbduIIah b. Abbas, with whom Allah is pleased, reported Abdullah with whom Allah pleased,that the Messenger of Allah ~ wrote to Caesar and invited Messenger Allah 6 wrote Caesar invitedhim to Islam and sent him a letter with Dihya Al-Kalbi, whohim him with Dihya Al-Kalbi, whohanded it to the Governor of Busra who then forwarded it to Govemor who forwarded itCaesar.Caesar. Caesar as a sign of gratitude to Allah, had walked from Caesar as gratitude Allah, walked from Hims llya (i.e. Jerusalem) when Allah Hims to Ilya (i.e. Jerusalem) when Allah had granted Him Him victory victory over the Persian forces. So, when the letter of the forces. So, when of Messenger of Allah reached Caesar, he said after reading Allah reached Caesar, reading it, "Seek it, "Seek for me anyone of his people, (Arabs of Quraish Quraish l0 10
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah Jii, ofMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W tribe) if present here, in order to ask him about the tribe) if present here, in order to ask him about the Messenger of Allahl" At that time Abu Sufyan bin Harb Messenger of Allah!" At that time Abu Sufyan bin Harb was in with men from Quraish who had was in Sham with some men from Quraish who had come (to Sham) merchants during truce that had been (to Sham) as merchants during the truce that had been concluded between the Messenger of Allah; and concluded between the Messenger of Allah; and the Caesars messenger infidels of Quraish. Abu Sufyan infidels of Quraish. Abu Sufyan said, Caesars messenger found somewhere in took me and my found us somewhere in Sham so he took me and my companions Ilya and we were admitted into Caesars companions to llya and we were admitted into Caesars presence to find him sitting in his royal court wearing a find him sitting in his royal court wearing crown and surrounded by the senior Byzantine crown and surrounded by senior Byzantine dignitaries. He his "Ask them whom dignitaries. He said to his translator. "Ask them whom amongst them relation man who claims amongst them is a close relation to the man who claims prophet." to be a prophet." I replied: Abu Sufyan added, I replied: "I am the nearest relative relative Abu to him." He asked, "What degree of relationship do you him." "What degree of relationship you have with him?" I replied, "He is my cousin," and there with him?" replied, my was none of Bani Abd Mana! in the caravan except Abd Manaf myself. Caesar said, "Let him come nearer." He then myself. Caesar him ordered that my companions stand behind me near my ordered my companions behind my shoulder "Tell shoulder and said to his translator, "Tell his companions companions that I am going to ask this man about the man who going who claims to be a prophet. If he tells a lie, they should a If a should contradict him immediately. contradict him immediately." By Abu Sufyan added, By Allah! Had it not been for it been for Sufyan added, shame that my companions brand me a liar, I would not shame companions a liar, would have spoken the truth about him when he asked me. But have spoken the about he asked me. I considered it shameful to be called a liar by my I considered it shameful to be called a liar by my companions, so I told the truth: companions, so I told the truth. He then said to his translator, "Ask him what kind of He then said to his translator, "Ask him what kind of family he belongs to." replied, "He belongs to a noble family he belongs to." II replied, "He belongs to a noble u 11
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah Jilt, of family amongst us." He said, "Has anybody else amongst family amongst us." He said, "Has anybody else amongst you ever claimed the samebefore him?" replied, "No." you ever claimed the same before him?" II replied, "No." He said, "Have you ever blamed him for telling lies He said, "Have you ever blamed him for telling lies before he claimed what he claimed?"I replied, "No." He before he claimed what he claimed?" I replied, "No." He said, "Was anybody amongst his ancestorsa king?" I said, "Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?" I replied, "No." He said, "Do the noble or the poor follow replied, "No." He said, "Do the noble or the poor follow him?" replied, It is the poor him?" I replied, It is the poor who follow him." He said, follow him." He said, "Are they increasing or decreasing(daily)?" replied, "Are they increasing or decreasing (daily)?" I replied, "They are increasing."He said, "Does anybody amongst "They are increasing." He said, "Does anybody amongst those those who embrace his Deen become displeased and embrace his Deen become displeased and then discard his Deen?" replied, "No." He said, Does he then discard his Deen?" I replied, "No." He said, Does he break his promises?" replied, "No, break his promises?" I replied, "No, but we are now at we are at truce and we are afraid that he may betray us." truce with him and we are afraid that he may betray us." Sufyan added, Other than the last sentence, Abu Sufyan added, Other than the last sentence, I could say anything againsthim. could not say anything against him: Caesar then asked, "Have you ever had a war with Caesar then asked, "Have you ever had a him?" replied, "Yes." said, "What was the outcome him?" I replied, "Yes." He said, "What was the outcome battles him?" replied, "Sometimeshe was of your battles with him?" I replied, "Sometimes he was victorious and sometimeswe." said, "What does he victorious and sometimes we." He said, "What does he do?" said, "He tells us order you to do?" I said, "He tells us to worship Allah alone,and not to worship othersalong with Him, and to alone, and not worship others along and to leave all that our fore-fathersused to worship. He orders leave fore-fathers used worship. orders us to pray, give in charity, be chaste,keep promises and us pray, charity, chaste, keep promises return what is entrustedto us. " entrusted us. " When I had said that, Caesar said When said that, Caesarsaid to his translator, translator, "Say to him: I asked you about his lineage and your "Say asked about lineage and reply was that he belonged to a noble family. In fact, all belonged fact, the Messengers the Messengers came from the noblest lineage of their came from the noblest lineage nations. Then I questionedyou whether anybody else nations. Then I questioned whether anybody else amongst you had claimed such a thing, and your reply amongst claimed such your t2 12
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 was in the negative. If the answer had been in the in negative. If answer in affirmative, II would have thought that this man was would have following a claim that had been said before him. When II following been before asked you whether he was ever blamed for telling lies, asked ever lies, your reply was in the negative, so I took it for granted your reply in negative, I took it for that a person who did not tell a lie to people could never person did people tell a lie about Allah. Then I asked you whether any of asked his ancestorswas a king. Your reply was in the nigative, ancestors was was negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have if it been affirmative, have thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral wanted take ancestral kingdom. When I askedyou whether the rich or the poor asked whether the people followed him, you replied that it was the poor people replied it was who followed him. In fact, such are the followers of the fact, such are the followers the whether Messengers. Then I asked you whether his followers Messengers.Then asked followers decreasing.You replied that they were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing the result true were increasing. In fact, this is the result of true faith till were increasing. fact, till complete (in all respects). asked whether there it is complete (in all respects). I asked you whether there was anybody who, after embracing his Deen, became was anybody who, after embracing Deen, became displeasedand discarde his Deen; was the displeased and discarded his Deen; your reply was in the d. true faith, negative. In fact, this is the sign of true faith, for when negative. fact, the sign when the hearts completely; its pleasure enters and mixes in the hearts completely; its pleasure enters and mixes it. asked you whether nobody will be displeased with it. I asked you whether nobody will be displeased he had ever broken his promise. You replied he had ever broken his promise. You replied in the the such are the Messengers; they never break negative. And such are the Messengers; they never break negative. promises. When asked you whether you fought their promises. When I asked you whether you fought you, you replied that he with him and he fought with you, you replied that he and he fought that sometimes he was victorious and did and that sometimes he was victorious and did and sometimes you. Indeed, such are the Messengers;they sometimes you. Indeed, such are the Messengers; they are put to trials and the final victory is always theirs are put to trials and the final victory is always theirs. Then I asked you what he ordered you. You replied that Then I asked you what he ordered you. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah alone and not to he ordered you to worship Allah alone and not to l3 13
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah # of worship others along with Him, to leave all that your worship others along with Him, to leave all that your fore-fathers used to worship, to offer prayers, to speak fore-fathers used to worship, to offer prayers, to speak the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises, and to return the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises, and to return what is entrustedto you. Theseare really the qualities what is entrusted to you. These are really the qualities of a prophet who, knew (from the previous Scriptures) a prophet who, II knew (from the previous Scriptures) would appear,but did not know that he would appear, but II did not know that he would be from be from amongst you. If what you say is true, he will very soon amongst you. If what you say is true, he will very soon occupy the earth under occupy the earth under my feet, and if I knew that I feet, and if that would reach him definitely, would reach him definitely, I would go immediately to go immediately to meet him; and were I meet him; and were I with him, then I would certainly him, then certainlv wash his feet. " wash his feet. " Abu Sufyan added, Caesarthen asked Abu Sufyan added, Caesar then asked for the letter of the letter the Messenger the Messenger of Allah and it was read. Its contents and was read. Its contents were: were: "I begin with the name "I begin with the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the the Beneficent,the most Merciful (Thisletteris)from Muhammad,the slaoe most Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad, the slave of and His Messenger, Heraclius, the Ruler of the Allah, and His Messenger, to Heraclius, the Ruler of the Byzantine. Peace be upon the followers Byzantine. Peace be upon the follouers of guidance. I guidance. inaite you Islam (i.e.surrender Allah). Accept Islam invite you to Islam (i.e. surrender to AIIaD. Accept Islam to and you will be safe; accept Islam anil AIIah utill bestoto and you wiII be safe;acceptIslam and Allah will bestow on you double reward. on you a double reward. But if you reject this inaitation if you reject invitation of Islam, you shall be responsiblefor misguiding the Islam, you be responsible for misguiding the peasants (i.e. your nation). a people o.f the Sciptures! peasants (i.e. your nation). O people of the Scriptures! Come to a uord commofl betweenyou and us, that we Come word common between and us, worship Allah, and that zaeassociatenothing in utorship worship and we associate nothing worship with Him; and that none of us shall take others as Gods utith and none of us take others as Gods besidesAllah. Then if they tufti auay, say: Bear uitness besides Then if they turn away, say: Bear witness that zaeare they who haaesunendered we are they have surrendered funtoHim)" 13.641 (unto Him)" [3.64] When Heraclius had finished Abu Sufyan added, When Heraclius Sufyan added, his his speech, there was a great hue and cry caused by the speech, there great caused by the t4 14
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~ the ojMuhammad, Messenger Allahi# Byzantine dignitaries sunounding him, and there was so Byzantine dignitaries surrounding him, there much noise that II did not understandwhat they said So, did understand said. So, we were ordered out of the court. out of When I went out with my companions and we were When I with companions alone, I said to them, "Verily,lbn Abi Kabshas(i.e. the alone, I them, "Verily, Ibn Abi Kabshas (Le. Prophets) affair has gained Power. This is the King of Prophets) has gained power. King AI-Asfar fearing him." Bani Al-Asfar fearing him." Sufyan added: By Abu Sufyan added: By Allah, I becamesuret and surer I became surer surer that his Deen would be victorious till I ended up Deen victorious till I ended acceptingIslam. (Bukhari accepting Islam. (Bukhari f2782) #2782) 15 l5
  • Muhammad, the Messenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. ofPlaceof Birth and childhood:Place of Birth and childhood: The Prophet iB was bom in the year 571 (according to the The Prophet. was born in the year 571 (according to theGregorian calendar) in the tribe of Quraish [which was heldGregorian calendar) in the tribe of Quraish [which was heldnoble by all Arabsl in Makkah [which was considered thenoble by all Arabs] in Makkah [which was considered thereligious capital of the Arabian Peninsulal.religious capital of the Arabian Peninsula]. The would The Arabs would perform Hajj in Makkah, and andcircumambulate the Kabahcircumambulate the Kabah which was built by Prophet was Prophet and his son Prophet Ismael, mayIbrahim and his son Prophet Ismael, may Allah exalt their exalt theirmention.mention. The Prophet & was an orphan. The Prophet • was an orphan. His father passed away father passed awaybefor,ehe was bom, and his mother diedbefore he was born, and his mother died when he was six he was sixyears grandfather,years old. His grandfather, Abdul-Mutalib, took care of him, careand he died,and when he died, his uncle, Abu Talib, took care of him. His uncle, Talib, care and the other tribes worshippedtribe and the other tribes worshipped idols made from stone, made stone, and even gold. Some thesewood and even gold. Some of these idols were placed around were placed Kabah. People believedthe Kabah. People believed that these idols could ward-off these ward-off extend benefit.harm or extend benefit. The Prophet iF was a The Prophet • was a trustworthy and honest person. He and honest person.never behaved treacherously,nor did he lie or chea! he was behaved treacherously, cheat; was Al-Ameen,known amongst his people as AI-Ameen, or Theknown amongst people as TheTrustworthy. People would entrust him with their valuablesTrustworthy. People would with valuableswhen they wanted to travel. He was also known as As-Sadiq wanted travel. was also asAs-Sadiqor The Truthful for he never told a lie. He was well- The Truthful he never lie. wasmarLnered,mannered, well-spoken, and he loved to help people. His well-spoken, and he loved people.people loved and revered him and he had beautiful manners. revered him manners.Allah, the Exalted,says: Exalted, says: (Indeed you are of a great moral character.) [68:41 (Indeed are great character.) [68:4] Thomas Carlyle said in his book: Heroes,Hero-Worship Carlyle in Heroes, Hero-Worshipand the Heroic in History: Heroic in Historv t6 16
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenguof Allah& But, from an early age,he had been remarked as a But, from an early age, he had been remarked as a thoughtful man. His companions named him "AI thoughtful man. His companions named him Amin,The Faithtul." A man of truth and fidelity; true Amin, The Faithful." A man of truth and fidelity; true in what he did, in what he spoke and thought. They in what he did, in what he spoke and thought. They noted that he always meant something. A man rather something. A tacitum in speech;silent when there was nothing to taciturn in speech; nothing be said; but pertinent, wise, sincere, when he did but pertinent, wise, sincere, did speak; always throwing light on the matter. This is speak; throwing light matter. the only sort of speechworth speaking! Through life speech worth speaking! we find him to have been regarded as an altogether been regarded as altogether solid, brotherly, genuine man. A serious, sincere genuine man. A serious, sincere character; yet amiable, cordial, companionable, character; amiable, cordial, companionable, jocose even - a good laugh in him withal: there are jocose even there are men whose laugh is as untrue as anything about whose as as them; cannot laugh. sPontaneous, passionate, them; who cannot laugh. A spontaneous, passionate, faculty, fire yet just, true-meaning man! Full of wild faculty, fire yet just, true-meaningman! and light; of wild worth, all uncultured; working out and light; worth, all uncultured; his life takes the depth the Desertthere. his life - takes in the depth of the Desert there. The Prophet S seclude the cave Hira The Prophet ~ liked to seclude himself in the cave of Hirabefore he was commissionedas a ProPhet.Hebefore he was commissioned as a prophet. He would stay staythere many nights at a time.theremany nightsat a time. He S did not practice falsehood;he did not drink any He ~ did not practice falsehood; he did not drink anyintoxicants,nor did he bow to a stafueor idol, or take an oathintoxicants, nor did he bow to a statue or idol, or take an oathby them or offer to them an offering.He was a shepherdoverby them or offer to them an offering. He was a shepherd overa flock of sheepwhich belongedto his people.The Prophet 6a flock of sheep which belonged to his people. The Prophet.said:said: Every prophet commissioned by Allah was a Every prophet commissioned by Allah was a shepherd over a flock of sheep. His companions shepherd over a flock of sheep. His companions Even you, O Messenger Allah? He of asked him: Even you, 0 Messenger of Allah? He askedhim: t1 17
  • Muhammail,theMessenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. of said: Yes, would take care of a flock of sheep for said: Yes, II would take care of a flock of sheep for the people of Makkah. @uhhari the people of Makkah. (Bukhari 2143) 2143) When Prophet Muhammad When Prophet Muhammad •S turned forty, he received tumed forty, he received divine revelation; he was at the cave of Hira. The Mother ofdivine revelation; he was at the cave of Hira. The Mother of the believers,Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased,said:the believers, Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: The first thing that Allahs MessengerS received, The first thing that Allahs Messenger. received, while in the Cave of Hira in Makkah, were good while in the Cave of Hira in Makkah, were good visions [dreams], Every time he had a dream, visions [dreams]. Every time he had a dream, it would come true and clear, would come true and clear, like the split of the dawn. the the dawn. Later on, Messenger,6 began to Later on, Allahs Messenger. began to love being being alone in meditation. He spent lengthy periods alone in meditation. He spent lengthy periods for days and nights to this purpose days and nights to fulfil this purpose in the Cave the Cave before retuming back his before returning back to his family. He would take a take a food his supply of food for his trip. When he came back to his When he cameback Khadeejah, wife Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, he pleased, get a fresh food would get a fresh supply of food and go back to the back same Cave continue meditation. same Cave to continue his meditation: The came The Truth came to him while he was in the Cave of Cave Hira. Tlte Jibreel riF came Hira. The Angel Jibreel iti!l came to Muhammad 6 • and commanded and commanded him to read. Muhammad 6 read. Muhammad • replied: "I replied: "I cannot read!" Jibreel r*ig embraced Jibreel ~ embraced Muhammad 6 until he could not breathe, and then $ until breathe, let him go saying: "O Muhammad! Read!" Again, saying: "0 Muhammad! Read!" Again, Muhammad {F replied: "I cannot read!" }ibreel *;9 Muhammad • replied: "I cannot Jibreel ~ embraced Muhammad 6 for the second time. He embraced • second time. He then ordered him to read for the third time, when he him read third time, when he did not he embracedhim tightly until he could not embraced until he could not breathe,and then let him go saying:"O Muhammad! breathe, then him go saying: "0 Muhammad! r8 18
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah !toMuhammad,theMessenger Allah & (Recite with the Name of Your Rubb! Who created, with Name Rzbb! created, Created man, a (mere) Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed congealed blood: Proclaim! And your Rubb is Most Proclaim! vour Rubb Bountiful.) [96:1-3] Bountitul.) [96:1-31 The Messenger of Allah !to returned home trembling. He The Messenger 6 retumed home entered his home and told Khadeejah: "Cover me up, entered home and Khadee;ah: cover me up!" Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, cover Khadeejah, pleased, covered Muhammad !to until he felt better. He then covered 6 he better. then about happened the Cave informed her about what happened to him in the Cave of Hira. He said, "1 was concerned about myself and my Hira. said, "I was concerned well-being." Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, well-being." Khadeejah, pleased, assured Muhammad !to saying: "By Allah! You dont have assured liF saying: Allah! have humiliate to worry! Allah, the Exalted, will never humiliate you! Exalted, will You are good to and You You are good to your kith and kin. You help the poorthe and needy. You are generous and hospitable and needy. You are generous and hospitable to your guests. people are need." Khadeejah, guests. You help people who are in need." Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, took her husband pleased, husband Muhammad !to to a cousin of hers named Waraqah bin Muhammad 6 a cousin hers named Waraqah Uzza. This man became a Nawfal bin Asad bin Abdul Uzza. This man became a Asad Christian the Era Ignorance.He was a scribe, Christian during the Era of Ignorance. He was a scribe, wrote the Scripture Hebrew. He was an who wrote the Scripture in Hebrew. He was an old man man at the latter part his life. Khadeejah, who became blind at the latter part of his life. Khadeejah, became with whom Allah is pleased, said to her cousin, "0 Allah is pleased, said to her cousin, "O cousin, listen to what your nephew [i.e. Muhammad !to] cousin, nephew [i.e. S) about Waraqahsaid: have is about to tell you!" Waraqah said: "What is it you have seen, dear nephew?" The Messenger of Allah !to informed seen,dear nephew?" The Messenger 6 informed him of what he had seen in the Cave of Hira. Upon he had seen the Cave Hira. hearing his report, Waraqah said, "By Allah! This is the hearing his report, Waraqahsaid, the jibreel y4t Angel Jibreel ~ who came to Prophet Musa ~. 1 wish came to Prophet Musa *4i. I I would be alive when your people will drive you out of be alive people will Makkah!" The Messenger of Allah ~ wondered: "Are The Messenser Allah $t wondered: t9 19
  • Muhammad, the Messenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. of they going to drive me out of Makkah?!" Waraqah they going to drive me out of Makkah?!" Waraqah positively saying, "Never has a tnan conveyed a affirmed positively saying, "Never has a man conveyed a Message similar to have been charged Message similar to what you have been charged with, except people waged againet - if am to except that his people waged war against him - if I am to will support Waraqah witness this, I will support you." Waraqah lived only a a short after this incident and passed away. short period after this incident and passed away. Revelation also stopped f3) Revelation also stopped for a while. (Bukhari #3) a @ukhari The chapter the Quran quoted The chapter of the Quran quoted in the hadeeth above the hadeeth abovemarks the beginning when he was commissioned as amarks the beginning when he was commissioned as aProphet. the Exalted,then revealedProphet. Allah, the Exalted, then revealed to him: (O (Muhammad 6) enveloped gannents) (0 you (Muhammad.) enveloped (in garments); Arise And and warn! And your Rubb (Allah) magnify !And your Rabb magnify lAnd garments purify!) tzl,r<) garments purify!) (74:1-4) This chapter the Quran marks the This chapter of the Quran marks the beginning when he hewas commissioned as a Messenger.was commissioned as a Messenger. revelation With the revelation of this chapter of the Quran the Prophet chapter ProphetiiF began people openly.• began calling his people to Islam openly. He began with his began with people. Some refused adamantlyown people. Some of them refused adamantly to listen to himbecausehe wasbecause he was calling them to a matter which they had not awitnessed before.witnessed before. The Deen of Islam is a complete way of life, which deals The Deen complete dealswith religious, political, economical and social affairs.with religious, economical social affairs.Furthermore, the Deen of Islam did not only call them toFurthermore, the Deen Islamworship Allah alone, and to forsake all idols and things they Allah alone, forsakeworshipped; rather, it prohibited them from things they rather,considered pleasurable, such as consuming interest andconsidered pleasurable, such as consuming interestintoxicants, fomication, and gambling. It also called people tointoxicants, fornication, gambling. It alsobe just and fair with one another, and to know that there was with another,no difference between them except through piety. How could difference between except Howthe Quraish [the noblest tribe amongst Arabs] stand to be noblest amongst 20 20
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ..Muhammad,theMessenger AUah&treated equally with the slaves!! They did not only adamantlytreated with the slaves!!They adamantlyrefuse accept Islam; rather,refuse to accept Islam; rather, they harmed him and blamed harmed and blamed sayinghim, saying that he was a crazy person, a sorcerer and a liar. he was a crazy person, a sorcererand a liar.They blamedThey blamed him with things they would not dare to have with things they dare haveblamed him with before the advent of Islam. They incited theblamed before the advent Islam. They theignorant masses against him, and harmed him and tortured massesagainst and harmed andhis companions. Abdullah b. Masood, with whom Allah is companions. b. Masood,pleased, said:pleased, said: While Prophet [F was While the Prophet" was standing up and praying near near the Kabah, a group of Quraish were sitting in their the Kabah, a group Quraish were place, one them said: Do sitting place, one of them said: Do you see this man? see man? Would someone bring filth Would someone bring the dirt and filth and bloody bloody intestines from the camels of so and so, and wait till he camels so so, till he prostrates,and then place between prostrates, and then place it between his shoulders? The shoulders?The most wtetched amongst them volunteered most wretched amongst them volunteered to do it, and and the Prophet 6 prostrated,he when the Prophet" prostrated, he put the filth between the between shoulders/ so the Prophet 6 stayed his shoulders, so the Prophet .. stayed in prostration. prostration. They laughed so hard that they were about to fall on They laughed so hard that they were about each other. Someone went to Fatimah, with whom Allah each other. Someone to Fatimah, pleased, was a young is pleased, who was a young girl, and informed her of and her what had happened. She hurriedly came towards the had happened. She came towards the Prophet .. and removed the filth from his back, and Prophet 6 and removed the back, and then she turned around and she cursed the Quraishites she furned she cursed the that sitting. (Bukhari 1498) who were sitting in that sitting. (Bukhari #498) were I saw the Messenger of Allah in the Muneeb al-Azdi said: I saw the Messenger Muneeb al-Azdi said: theEra Ignorancesayingto people:Era of Ignorance saying to people: Say there being worshipped except Say there is no god worthy of being worshipped except god Allah if you would be successful. There were those who if There were those be successful. spat face,and those face,and spat in his face, and those who threw soil in his face, and those swore at midday. Whenever a those who swore at him until midday. Whenever a 21 21
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & of wate4 certain young girl came with a big container of water, girl came with big and he would wash his face and hands and say: 0 would face say: O will humiliated daughter do not fear that your father will be humiliated or struck by poverty. (Mujam poverty: (Mujam al-Kabeer al-Kabeer #805) # 805) Urwah b. az-Zubair said, I asked Abdullah b. Amr al-Aas az-Zubair said, I asked Abdullah Amr al-Aasto tell me of the worst thing the pagans did to the Prophet 6 the pagans Prophet.and he said:and he said: Uqbah Uqbah b. Muait approached the Prophet. while he Muait approached Prophet e while was praying Kabah, gannent was praying near the Kabah, and he twisted his garment around his neck. Abu Bakr, with whom Allah is pleased, neck. with Allah pleased, approached and grabbed Uqbahs shoulder hurriedly approached and grabbed Uqbahs shoulder Do and pushed him away saying: Do you kill a man kill a him away saying: because he proclaims Allah as his Rubb, and clear signs because Allah as Rzbb, clear have come to you from your Rubb?" (Bukhari 3643) have come RubbT (Bukhari 3643) stop the Prophet i6 These incidents did not stop the Prophet • from giving These incidentsDawah. He called the many tribes that came to Makkah forDawah. called the many tribes that came Islam. believed the people YathribHajj to Islam. A few believed from the people of Yathrib,which is known today as Madinah, and they pledged to is today as Madinah, and they pledged he chose go with themsupport him and help him if he chose to go with them to andMadinah. He sent with them Musab b. Umair, with whomMadinah. sent them Musab b.Allah is pleased, who taught them Islam. After all the pleased, taught them Islam. thehardships that the Muslims of Makkah faced from their ownhardships the facedpeople, Allah allowed them to migrate from their city topeople, allowed them migrateMadinah. The people Madinah greeted them and receivedMadinah. The people of Madinah greeted them and receivedthem in a most extraordinary manner. Madinah became thethem a most extraordinary manner. became theCapital of the Islamic state, and the point from which theCapital the Islamic state, and the theDawah was spread.Dawah was spread. The Prophet • settled there and taught people Quranic The Prophet iF settled there and taught people Quranicrecitation and Islamic Jurisprudence. The inhabitants ofrecitation and Islamic Jurisprudence. The inhabitantsMadinah were greatly moved and touched by the ProphetsMadinah were greatly moved and touched the Prophets 22 22
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah lj,Muhammad, Messenger Allah 6 the moremanners. They loved him more than they loved their ownmanners. They loved serve and spendselves; they would rush to serve him, and spend all they hadselves; had path. The society was strong and people werein his path. The society was strong and its people were rich interms Iman (Faith) and they were extremely happy. Peopleterms of [man (Faith) and they were extremely happy. Peopleloved each other, and brotherhood was apparentloved each other, and true brotherhood was apparentamongstits people. peoplewere equal;the rich, noble andamongst its people. All people were equal; the rich, noble and and and -poor, black and white, Arab and non-Arab - they were allpoor, wereconsidered as equals in the Deen of Allah, no distinction wasconsidered as equals the Deen wasmade among them exceptmade among them except through piety. After the Quraish piety. the the ProphetsDawah and that had spread, theylearnt of the Prophets Dawah and that it had spread, theyleamt with the Prophet 6 the battle Islam, thefought with the Prophet lj, in the first battle in Islam, theBattle Badr. This battle took place betweenBattle of Badr. This battle took place between two groupsgroups were unequal preparations and weapons. Thewhich were unequal in preparations and weapons. TheMuslims were 314; whereas,the pagans were 1000 strong.Muslims were 314; whereas, the pagans were 1000 strong. gave the Prophet lfi and the Companions.Allah gave victory to the Prophet lj, and the Companions. battle, battles took place between theAfter this battle, many battles took place between theMuslims and the pagans. After eight years the Prophet ~ wasMuslims and the pagans.After eight yearsthe Prophet6 wasable prepare an army L0,000 strong.They headed towardsable to prepare an army 10,000 strong. They headed towardsMakkah and conquered it, andMakkah and conquered it, and with this he defeated his this he defeated hispeople, had harmed and tortured his Companionspeople, who had harmed him and tortured his Companions every way. They had even been forced to leave theirin every way. They had even been forced to leave theirproperty and wealth behind and flee for their lives.property and wealth behind and flee for their lives. Hedecisivelydefeatedthem, and this year was called The Yeardecisively defeated them, and this year was called The Year the Conquest.Allah,the Exalted,says:of the Conquest. Allah, the Exalted, says: (When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest, the victory has come and the conquest, and you see the people entering into the Deen of Allah and see the people entering the Deen Allah multitudes, then exalt praise in multitudes, then exalt him with praise of your Rubb Rubb and ask forgiveness and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Indeed, ever accepting of repentance.) [110:1-3] acceptingofrepentance.)[110:1-3] He then gatheredthe people Makkah and said to them: He then gathered the people of Makkah and said to them: 23 L3
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. of What do you think What do you think I will do to you? They answered: I will do to you? They answered: You will do something favorable; You will only do something favorable; you are a kind are a kind and generous brother, and a and generous and generous brother, and a kind and generous nephew!The Prophet S said: Go - nephew! The Prophet. said: Go - you are free to do as are free do as you wish. (Baihaqi #18055) (Baihaqi #18055) This was one the reasons This was one of the main reasons why many of them many themaccepted Islam. The Prophet # then retumedaccepted Islam. The Prophet • then returned to Madinah. Madinah. a period time, the Prophet 6 meantAfter a period of time, the Prophet. meant to perform Hajj, Hajj,so he headed towards Makkahso he headed towards Makkah with 114,000 Companions and 114000 Companions andperformed Hajj. This Hajj is known asHajjatul-Wadaaperformed Hajj. This Hajj is known as Hajjatul-Wadaa or Farewellthe Pilgrimage sincethe Farewell Pilgrimage since the Prophet .. never Prophet Sperformedperformed another Hajj, and died shortly after he shortlyperformed it. The Prophet i& died Madinah the L2th The Prophet. died in Madinah on the 12th day of Rabi ath- Rabi ath- the llth yearthani in the 11 th year of Hijrah. The Prophet. was buried in The Prophet & was as The were shockedMadinah as well. The Muslims were shocked when theyleamt his death; some Companionslearnt of his death; some Companions did not believe it! believeUmar, with is pleased,said: Whoever saysVmar, with whom Allah is pleased, said: Whoever says thatMuhammad is dead, behead him!Muhammad is dead, I will behead him! Abu Bakr, with Bakr,whom Allah is pleased, then gave a speech, and read the pleased, then gave speech, readwords of Allah:words Allah: (Muhammad (Muhammad is not but a Messenger.Other messengers Messenger. messengers have passedaway before him. So if he was to die or be have passed away before So if was be killed, would you furn back on your heels to unbelief? tum back heels unbelief? And He who turns back on his heels will never harm And heels will Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful.) [3:144] Allah will reward [3:144] When Umar, with whom Allah is pleased,heard this verse When Vmar, pleased, heard this versehe stopped saying what he was saying, since he was veryhe stopped saying was saying, since was 24 24
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 ofkeen applying Prophet lfikeen on applying the rules of Allah. The Prophet" was 63 53years old when he died.yeats died. He stayed in Makkah for forty years, before being Makkah years,commissioned as a prophet. After being commissioned as acommissioned as a prophet. being commissioned as aProphet; he lived there for another 13 years in which he calledProphet; there another 13 years calledpeople Tawheed (true monotheism).people to Tawheed (true monotheism). He then migrated toMadinah, and· stayed there for ten years. He continuously and stayed there ten years.received the revelation there, until the Quran and the Deen of there, until Deen of.Islam were complete.Islam complete. George Bernard Shaw said: GeorgeBernard Shaw said: I have always I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high the estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only estimation because the appears assimilating religion which appears to possess that assimilating possess the changing phases existence capability to the changing phases of existence which make make appeal every age - have prophesized itself appeal to every age - I have prophesized about the the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable tomorrow be acceptable as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today. as be acceptable the Europe today. Medieval ecclesiastics, either through ignorance or ecclesiastics, either ignorance bigotry, painted Muhammadanism in the darkest colours. Muhammadanism the darkest colours. They were, in fact, trained to hate both the man were, fact, trained hate the Muhammad and his religion. To them, Muhammad was and religion. them, was an anti-Christ. I have studied him, the wonderful man, an anti-Christ. have studied the man, far being an anti-Christ, he and in my opinion, far from being an anti-Christ, he must and be called the Saviour humanity z be called the Saviour of humanity - 22Encyclopedia of Seerah, for Afzalur Rahman.2 Encvclopediaof Seerah, for Rahman 25 25
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & ProphetThe Description of the Prophet 6: *: Hind the daughter of Abu Haalah at-Tamimi, with whom Hind the daughter Haalah at-Tamimi, with pleased, described the Prophet Allah 6 with theAllah is pleased, described the Prophet of Allah. with thefollowing description: description: The Messenger of Allah. was a sensational man, Messenger Allah 6 was a sensational man, who was honored by all who saw him. His face was face like was glowed like the full moon. He was of moderate full moon. moderate height, not too tall and not too short. He had a short. a large head and his hair was wavy. He would part large head was would if his hair if it got long, otherwise, his hair did not otherwise, exceed the lobes of his ears under normal exceed lobes ears circumstances. He was a healthy pink. His circumstances. was a pink. forehead was forehead was wide. His eyebrows were naturally eyebrows rvere nafurally ioined. There was a groomed, and were not joined. There was a vein groomed, and were between his eyebrows that swelled in case of eyebrows case anger. His nose was straight and had a special anger. nose was a special glow. The bridge of his nose was slightly high. He nose was slightly • had a thick beard with soft cheeks. His mouth 6 a beard with cheeks. was slightly large. He had moustaches. His teeth was large. had moustaches. teeth had gaps in between. His neck was [pretty] like had gaps between. neck was [prettyl that of a doll, and it was silvery white. He • was a and was silvery white. 6 was moderately built and very strong. His belly and moderately and very strong. and chest were on the same level. His chest and chest were the same level. chest and shoulders were wide. His body joints were big. shoulders were wide. were His skin was white. He had hair from the end of was white. had the end navel. There was his breastbone to his navel. There was no hair on breastbone his breasts, but his arms and shoulders were hairy. breasts, arms and shoulderswere hairy. palms were wide. His forearms were large and his palms were wide. forearmswere large and Both his hands and feet were short, and his fingers Both hands and feet were short, and fingers were moderate length. were of moderate length. His feet were flat and feet were and 26 26
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah lilJMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W smooth; due to the smoothness of his feet water smooth; smoothness feet would not settle on them. He walked in strides settle them. strides and a graceful manneq he and in a graceful manner; he would lift his feet, lift feet, and not drag them. Whenever he lilJ turned he and drag them. Whenever he 6 he would turn with his entire body [as opposed to entire [as opposed to neck and head onlyl. turning his neck and head only]. He lowered his lowered gaze gaze at all times. He looked down to earth more times. earth often than he looked often than he looked up to the heaven. He often to the heaven. often glimpsed at things [as opposed glimpsed at things [as opposed to staring at staring at offered the greetings to others before things]. He offered the greetings to others before thingsl. they offered it to him. they offered Describe Someone asked: Describe his manner of speech. Someone asked: manner speech. The Prophet lilJ appeared sad most of Hind said: The Prophet 6 appeared sad most Hind said: the time, and the time, and would be in deep thought. He would be deep thought. never rest completely,and he never rest completely, and he did not speak unless speak unless he needed to. Whenever he spoke he would start he needed to. Whenever he spoke he start and complete his statements with the name of and complete statements the name Allah. He spoke clearly and uttered meaningful, spoke clearly and uttered meaningful, precise and accurate statements only. His precise and accurate statements statements were very decisive; no one could distort statements decisive; one words. was extremely his words. He was extremely kind and caring. He and caring. never insulted others. never insulted others. He was grateful for every was grateful every blessing Allah bestowed on him, no matter how blessing bestowed matter minute it seemed; he never belittled anything. He seemed;he never anything. did not criticize any food he tasted, nor did he criticize any food he tasted, he praise praise it. He was never upset for worldly affairs. If was never upset affairs. If a person was wronged he a person was wronged he would become verybecome very angry. His anger would not subside until the angry. anger subside the persons was given to persons right was given to him. He would not become angry if he was wronged, become angry if he was wronged, nor would he he avenge himself. When he pointed, he pointed with avengehimself.When he pointed,he pointed 27 27
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah JillMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W of would his entire hand; when he was surprised he would he was flip his hand. When the Prophet Jill talked he flip 6 would tap his right palm using his left thumb. would right left When he was angry he would tum his face away, .rngFyhe would hrrn face away, and when he was pleased and happy he would pleased would lower gaze. lower his gaze. Most of his laughter was done by was smiling. Whenever he smiled, his teeth appeared smiling. Whenever he smile4 teeth appeared like pearls of hail. pearls hail. Al-Hasan ,6 said: I infonn al-Husain AI-Hasan .:iJi, said: 1 did not inform ai-Husain about this (description of the Prophet) for a period Prophet) a of time, but he had already asked his father (Ali already asked (Ali .s) these details. Al-Husain ,s said: I asked .:iJi,) about these details. AI-Husain .:iJi, said: I asked my father about how the Prophet Jill entered upon the 6 entered his family, and left them and about his manners in manners general.Al-Htr.sain.{s said: I asked general. AI-Hu,sain .:iJi, said: 1 asked my father how father the Prophet :i spent his time in his house, and f spent house, time.He replied: He how he divided his time. He replied: He divided he his time into three portions; one portion for the three one sake of Allah, the other for his family, and the sake third he divided between himself and people. He he between and people. did conceal advice guidance did not conceal any advice or guidance from any of them. He would spend the portion he allotted then. spend the he allofted for his Ummah by attending to the needs of Ummah aftending the needs religious status and people according to their religious status and people according to needs. busy these people needs. He would busy these people by teaching teaching them that which would benefit them and their them that them and Ummah, and by informing them of what they Ummah, and them needed. say to them: Let those needed. He would say to them: Let those who are are present convey (what they have learned) those present convey (what they have learned) to those who are absent, and inform me of the needs of are absent, and me the needs those cannot attend sitting for: Whoever those who cannot attend our sittin& for: Whoever 28 28
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & of informs the ruler of a persons plight, Allah would infonns a persons plight, Allah would affirm him on the bridge on the Day of affinn Resurrection. Resunection. Al-Husain .+ AI-Husain .. further said, 1 asked my father about said,I asked father about the manners of the Prophet • while he was manners Prophet 6 while was outside his home? He said, He safeguarded his outside home? said,He safeguarded tongue [from idle talk] and gave sinceregave sincere counseling and talked with beneficial speech by counseling and talked beneficial speech be able to gather and which he would be able to gather and unite he people. He honored the generous, kind and noble people. honored the generous, and noble person amongst each people, and he would charge person amongst eachpeople,and he charge them the affairs people. them with the affairs of their people. He warned wamed people against evils and guarded himself against people against evils and guarded against them as well, though he never frowned in the face them as though he never frowned the face of any person. He asked about peoples situation any person. asked about peoples situation and ordered the good and forbade evil. and ordered with the good and forbade evil. He • S was moderate in all his affairs. He never wasted an was moderate affairs. never wasted an companions and give opportunity to remind his companions and give remind them sincere counseling. He • was prepared for them sincere counseling. iS was prepared every case, and would uphold the truth and was every case,and the and was not heedless. The people who sat nearest to him heedless.The people sat nearest were the best among people. The best Companion were the best among people.The best Companion was him who offered the best advice. The was offered the best advice. The Companion highest in rank was the one who Companion highest was the one supported and helped him in the best manner. supported and helped the best manner. Al-Husain & said: I asked AI-Husain • said: I asked my father how the father the Prophet ~ behaved in his sittings, and he said, Prophet 6 behaved his sittings, and he said, The Messenger Allah 6 never got The Messenger of Allah ~ never got up or sat sat down without mentioning the name of Allah. He down without mentioning the name Allah. He forbade designating a certain spot to a person so forbade designating a certain spot to a person so consider as his own. He sat that he would consider it as his own. He sat that he 29 29
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 oJ wherever he a spot. also ordered others wherever he found a spot. He also ordered others the same, they entered a sitting. to do the same, when they entered a sitting. He equally and among divided his time equally and justly among his The one Companions who sat with him. The one who sat Companions sat sat with the Prophet ~ would think that he was the with Prophet 6 would think was the most important and beloved individual to him. If most important and beloved If a certain need, he a person came asking him for a certain need, he a person came asking rather he would not rush him, rather he would allow the rush the person to complete his request and leave at his person to complete his request and leave at his own accord. The Prophet ~ would not return one accord. Prophet i6 would one asked empty-handed;he even say nice who asked empty-handed; he would even say nice words to if he was able to fulfill his words to him if he was not able to fulfill his had an open heart and an open request. He had an open heart and an open mind. request. a and caring father He was considered like a kind and caring father to was considered people were to everyone; all people were to him equal. His everyone; equal. knowledge, perseverance/ sittings were sittings of knowledge, perseverance, sittings were sittings patience,modesty, and trust. one patience, modesty, and trust. No one would raise raise voice the presence the Messenger his voice in the presence of the Messenger of Allah Jt.. No one talked evil about another in his d8. one talked about another his the treated each presence either. Those in the sitting treated each presenceeither. Those other a manner, and they respectedthe other in a humble manner, and they respected the and were merciful to the young and they elderly and were merciful to the young and they respected stranger. the respected the stranger: I Al-Husain .s said: asked AI-Husain ~ said: I asked my father about the father about the people meetingsand Prophets attitude with people in his meetings and Prophetsattitude The Messenger sittings, and he said to me: sittings, and he said to me: The Messenger of Allah ~ was constantly cheerful. He was S was constantly cheerful. was extremely and caring. was never rough. extremely kind and caring. He was never rough. never raised his voice used He never raised his voice in public or used foul language. He never talked ill of anyone or language. never talked ill anyone gossiped. He never adulated anyone, gossiped. He never adulated anyone. He never never 30 30
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~ theMuhammad, Messenger Allah 6 disappointed anyone. He avoided three things; anyone. three argumentation, talking too much and interfering talking interfering in what is of no importance to him. He also importance also avoided three other things; he never talked ill avoided three other things; he never talked ill of anyone, he never mocked anyone and he never anyone, he never mocked anyone and he never spoke of anyones fault in front of others, nor did spoke anyones others, he criticize anyone. He spoke only about things he criticize anyone. spoke about things that he hoped to be rewarded for. Whenever he he hoped to be rewarded for. Whenever he spoke his Companions looked at the ground [out spoke Companions looked at the [out of respect and attention] it was as if birds landed respectand attentionl was as if landed on their heads. When the Messenger of Allah ~ heads. When the Messenger 6 stopped talking, his Companions talked. They stopped talking Companions talked. They never differed in front of him. Whenever one of never Whenever one his Companions talked, the rest would attentively Companions talked, the rest attentively listen he completed listen until he completed his statement. Only statement. leading Companions talked in the presence of the leading Companions talked the presence the Messenger of Allah ~. Messenger 6. The Messenger of Allah ~ demonstrated extreme The Messenger S demonstratedextreme patience he listened to a stranger patience when he listened to a stranger with a a difficult accent difficult accent or dialect. He would not ask the dialect. ask the speaker any question speaker any question until he completed his he completed his statement. In fact, the Messenger of Allah $ statement. fact, the Messenger {i directed his Companions to assist the person who directed Companions to assist the person sought help. sought his help. He never interrupted a speaker never intermpted a speaker the speaker completed until the speaker completed his statement and statement and stopped at stopped at his own accord or if the person got up accord the person to leave. (Baihaqi) i ) to leave. (Baihaq 31l 3
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah i# ofSome of the Prophets Manners & Characteristics:Some of the Prophets Manners & Characteristics:1. Sound Intellect: The Messenger • had an excellent,1.. Sound Intellect: 6complete and sound intellect. No man has ever had ancomplete soundintellect as complete and perfect as his. Qadhi Iyaadh, mayintellect as complete as Qadhi Iyaadh,Allah have mercy on him, said:Allah mercy him, This This becomes clear to an individual when the researcher individual when reads the Prophets biography and understands his state reads biography state of affairs, and his meaningful and inclusive utterances and affairs, meaningful utterances traditions, his good manners, ethics and moral character, manners, ethics character, his knowledge of the Torah and Gospel and other Divine knowledge Divine Scriptures, and his knowledge of statements of the wise, Scriptures, knowledge statements and knowledge of bygone nations, and ability to strike knowledge nations, ability examples and implement policies and correct emotional implement emotional manners. He was an example and paradigm to which his paradigm which people related to in all branches of knowledge; acts of branches knowledge; acts worship, medicine, laws of inheritance, lineage, and other worship, inheritance, lineage, matters as well. He knew and learned all of this without as knew leamed without reading or examining the Scriptures of those before us, examining those us, nor did he sit with their scholars. The Prophet had no did with scholars. formal schooling, and was without knowledge of the formal without knowledge above before being commissioned as a Prophet, nor could as he read or write. The Prophet $ was wise to the fullest 6 extent of his mental capacity. Allah, the Exalted, informed capacity. informed him of some of what had taken place (in the past) and of him what that which would take place in the future. This is a sign which would that the Dominion belongs to Allah, and that He is capable Dominion Allah, things. 3 over all things.3: qadhi Eiyadh, Al-Shifa bitareefi Hoquooqil-Mostafa3 Qadhi Al-Shifa bitareefi Hoquooqil-Mostafa, 32 32
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammail,theMessenger Allah & of2. Doing2. Doing Things for the Sake of Allah: The Prophet&) would Sake The Prophet 6always do deeds through which he would seek the pleasurealways deeds whidr he seek the pleasure was harmed and abused heof Allah. He was harmed and abused when he invited and andcalled people to Islam; yet he was patient and endured all ofcalled people Islam; he was and enduredthis, and hoped for the reward of Allah. Abdullah b. Masood,this, and hoped the b. Masood,with whom Allah is pleased, said:with is pleased,said: It It is as though I am looking at the Prophet. talking as am looking Prophet e taking was people. about a Prophet who was hurt by his people. He wiped a wiped said: O the blood from his face and said: 0 Allah! Forgive my face know (Bukhari people, for they know not! (Bukhari #3290) f3290) pleased, said Jundub b. Sufyaan, with whom Allah is pleased, said that ]undub b. Sufyaan,the Messengersfinger bledthe Messengers finger bled during one of the battles, and he one the battles, and hesaid:said: You are You are but a finger which has bled; which suffers in a finger has bled; suffers the path (Bukhari 12648) the path of Allah. (Bukhari #2648)3. The Prophet iiF was sincere and honest3. Sincerity: The Prophet. was sincere and honest in all his hismatters, as Allah had ordered him. Allah, the Exalted, said:matters,as had orderedhim. Allah, the Exalted.said: (Say, Indeed, prayer, (Say, Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living rites sacrifice, living and my dying are for Allah, Rubb of the worlds. No and are Rubb the worlds. partner has He. And this I have been commanded, and I partner has He. have been commanded, and am the (amongyou) the am the first (among you) of the Muslims.) [6:162-163] 1o,toz-te:;4. Good Morals, Ethics and Companionship: The narrator4. Good Morals, Ethics and Companionship: The narratorsaid,said, "I asked Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, to inform asked Aishah, is pleased,to His me of the Prophets manners, and she said: His manners me the Prophetsmanners,and she said: manners were the Quran" were the Quran"This means that the Prophet • abided by its laws andThis means that the Prophet S abided its laws andcommands and abstainedfrom its prohibitions.commands and abstained from its prohibitions. He would 33 JJ
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammail,theMessenger Allah 86observe the deeds mentionedobserve the virtuous deeds mentioned in it. The Prophet • it. The Prophet 6said:said: Allah has sent me perfect good manners and Allah has sent me to perfect good manners and to do do good deeds. (Bukhad Ahmed) good deeds. (Bukhari & Ahmed) & the Exalted, describedthe Prophet 6 saying: Allah, the Exalted, described the Prophet. saying: (And indee4 are a great (And indeed, you are of a great moral character) [68:4) character) [oa:l]Anas b. Malik, with whom Allah is pleased, who was theAnas b. pleased, was theservant the Prophet iFservant of the Prophet • for ten years; day in and day out, ten years; day and out the Prophets travels andduring the Prophets travels and when he was a resident in he was a residentMadinah. this periodMadinah. Throughout this period of time, he knew of the time, he theProphetsmanners.Prophets manners. He said: said: The The Prophet • did not swear at anyone, nor was he S swear anyone, was he rude, he curse anyone.When he blamed anyone rude, nor did he curse anyone. When he blamed anyone he he would say: What is wrong with him, may dust be cast say:What may dust be cast face. (Bukhari in his face. (Bukhari #5684) $5684)5. Politenessand Good Manners: Sahl b. Sad,5. Politeness and Good Manners: Sahi b. Sad, with whom is pleased, reported:Allah is pleased, reported: drink was "A drink was brought to the Prophet. and he drank from the Prophet 6 and he it. On his right side there was a young boy and on his left side there was a and side were elderly men. side were elderly men. He asked the young boy: Do you askedthe youngboy:Do give the said: O mind if I give the drink to them? The young boy said: 0 them?The young Prophet Prophet of Allah! By Allah! I would not prefer anyone to prefer anyone the place drink from the place you drank. This is my fair share drank. share [due sitting right]. The Messenger Allah 6 [due to sitting to your right]: The Messenger of Allah. handed the boy the drink." (Bukhari handed the the drink." (Bukhari #2319) f2319)5. Love for Reformation and Reconciliation: SahI b. Sad,6. Love Reformation and Reconciliation: Sahl b. Sad.with whom Allah is pleased,said that the people of Qubaa is pleased, said that the people Qubaafought amongst themselvesand threw rocks at each other.fought amongst themselves and threw rocks each other.The Prophet6 said:The Prophet. said: 34 34
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah"Muhammad, the Messenger Allah & of Let ue go resolve the make peace Let us go to resolve the situation and make peace between them. (Bukhari #2547) them. lBukhait254n7. Ordering with good and forbidding7. Ordering with the good and forbidding evil: Abdullah b. b.Abbas, with is pleased,said:Abbas, with whom Allah is pleased, said: The Messenger Allah S saw a man The Messenger of Allah" saw a man wearing a gold ring, a so he reached removed and so he reached for it, removed it and threw it. He then said: said: Would one of you seek a burning charcoal and place it Would one seek a burning charcoal place on his hand?! hand?! The was later after the Prophet 6 left Take The man was later told, after the Prophet" left: Take good use your ring! Make good use of it [by selling it]. The man selling The said: No, said: No, by Allah! 1 will never take it after the Messenger I will never take after the Messenger Allah 6 away. (Muslim #2090) of Allah" threw it away. (Muslim #2090)8. Love of Purification: Muhaajir b. Qunfudth, with whom8. b. with is pleased, reportedAllah is pleased, reported that he passed by the Prophet" he passed the Prophet 6 he waswhile he was urinating; he greeted him with Salaam, but the he greeted with Salaam, theProphet 8 did not return the greeting until he made wudhuProphet 6 retum the greeting until he made wudhuand apologizedsaying:and apologized saying: I 1 disliked that I should mention Allahs name while I that name a state purity. (lbnKhuzaimah am not in a state of purity. (Ibn Khuzaimah #206) #206)9. Safeguarding and Minding Ones Language:9. Safeguarding and Minding Ones Language: Abdullah b. b. Ofaa,Abi Ofaa, with whom Allah is pleased, said that the is pleased, said that theMessengerMessenger of Allah • would busy himself with the 6 with theremembrance Allah; heremembrance of Allah; he would not talk in vain. He would vain.lengthen his prayers and shorten the speech,and helengthen his prayers and shorten the speech, and he wouldnot hesitate to help and take care of the needs of a needy, hesitate help and take care the needs needy,poor or widow. (lbnHibbanPoor (Ibn Hibban #6423) #6423)10. Excelling in Acts of Worship: Aishah, with whom Allah10. Excelling Acts Worship: Aishah,is pleased, said that the Prophet of Allah • used to prayis pleased, said that the Prophet S used prayduring the night until his feet would swell. the his feet swell. 35 35
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & Aishah, said: Why Aishah, said: Why do you do this, 0 Messenger of Allah, this, O Messenger Allatu has forgiven past and sins? The and Allah has forgiven your past and future sins? The Prophet 6 said: Shall slave? (Bukhari Prophet. said: Shall I not be a grateful slave? (Bukhari be a #4557) t4557) Hurairah,11. Forbearance and Kindness: Abu Hurairah, with whom11. Forbearanceand Kindness:Allah is pleased, said At-Tufail b. Amr ad-Dawsi and his is pleased, said At-Tufail b. ad-Dawsi and hiscompanions came to meet the Prophet •.companions came meet the Prophet 6. They said: O Messenger They said: 0 Messenger of Allah, the tribe of Daws, has the Daws, has refused to accept Islam, so supplicate Allah against them. refused acceptIslam, so supplicate against them. was said: the tribe Dawsis doomed and destroyed! It was said: the tribe of Daws is doomed and destroyed! The Prophet 6 raisedhis hands and said: O The Prophet. raised his hands and said: 0 Allah guide guide the tribe of Daws and bring them! the Daus and them!12. Good Appearance: Al-Baraa b. Aazib, with whom AllahL2. Good Appearance:Al-Baraab. Aazib,is pleased, said:is pleased, said: The Prophet • was a person of average height. His The 6 was a person average shoulders were wide. His hair reached his earlobes. shoulders were wide. reached earlobes. adorned a red garmen! never saw Once I saw him adorned in a red garment; I never saw Once saw more (Bukhari anything more beautiful than him. (Bukhari #2358) than #2358)13. Asceticism in Worldly Affairs: Abdullah b. Masood, with13. Asceticism Affairs: Abdullah b. Masood, is pleased,whom Allah is pleased, said: said: The Messenger The Messenger of Allah • went to sleep on a mat. He to sleep 6 a mat. and he had marks got up and he had marks on his side due to the mat that side due the he had slept on. We said: O Messenger he had slept on. We said: 0 Messenger of Allah, shall shall make you? said: What we not make bedding for youT He said: What do I have have to do with this world? I am only like a wayfarer who to with world? am a wayfarer rides a beast that stopped to take shadeand rest rides a beast that stopped to take shade and rest under a a tree, and then leaves it behind and continues on the tree, and then leaves behind and continues on the journey. (Tirmidthi #2377) journey. (Tirmidthi #2377) 36 36
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah If;Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & of Arm b. al-Haarith, with whom Allah is pleased, said the Amrb. al-Haarith, with pleased, said the Messenger of Allah If; did not leave a Dirham or Dinar, or Messenger 6 leave a Dirham Dinar, slave, male or female, after his death. He only left behind slave, male female, after death. mule, weapons and a piece his white mule, his weapons and a piece of land which he he declared as Sadaqah (charity). (Bukhari declared as Sadaqah (charity). (Bukhari #2588) f2588)14. Altruism: Sahl b. Sad, with whom Allah is pleased, said:14. Altruism: Sahl b. Sad, pleased,said: A woman gave the Messenger of Allah If; a Burdah A gave Messenger Allah & a Bwilah Companions: Do (gown). The Prophet If; asked his Companions: Do you 6 asked know a Burilah is? Yes, O know what a Burdah is? They replied, Yes, 0 Prophet of Allah! It is a piece of woven cloth [similar to a shawl]. a piece woven cloth lsimilar a shawl]. O Prophet The woman said: 0 Prophet of Allah! I have woven this said: Allah! have shawl with my own hands, for you to wear. The with hands, wear. Messenger of Allah If; took it while he direly needed it. Messenger 6 he needed Messenger Allah iiF came After a while, the Messenger of Allah If; came out of his After a while, home wearing it, and a Companion said to the a O Prophet Messenger of Allah If;: 0 Prophet of Allah! Grant me Messenger 6: me this shawl to wear! The Messenger of Allah If; said: wear! The Messenger 6 said: Yes. Yes. He thereafter sat for awhile, and headed back thereafter sat awhile, and headed back home, and gave home, folded it and gave it to the person who asked for the person asked it. The Companions, with whom Allah is pleased, Companions, pleased, It scolded him saying: It was not appropriate for you to scolded saying: was appropriate to ask for his shawl; especially since you know he would ask shawl; especiallysince he not turn anyone down, or send them away empty- anyone down, send them away empty- handed! The man said: By handed! The man said: By Allah! I only asked him to asked to give it to me because I want to be shrouded in this give me because to be shrouded this shawl when I die. Sahl, the narrator of the Hadeeth, shawl die. Sahl, the narrator the Hadeeth, pleased,said: The shawl was used with whom Allah is pleased, said: The shawl was used as a shroud for that man when he died. (Bukhari r1987) as a shroud for that man when he died. (Bukhari #1987) Bakr,15. Strong Faith and Dependence on Allah: Abu Sakr, with15. Strong Faith and Dependenceonwhom Allah is pleased,whom Allah is pleased, said: said: 37 31
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah # I feet the pagans while I looked at the feet of the pagans while we were in the cave [of Thawr]. I said, "0 Prophet of Allah! If anyone cave Thawrl. said, "O Allah! If anyone of them looks down at his feet he would see us! The dovm would see Messenger Allah 6 said: O Messenger of Allah ~ said: 0 Abu Bakr! What do you think of two with whom Allah, the Exalted, is their think with Exalted, Third? (Muslim f1854) Third? (Muslim #1854)1.5.Kindness and Compassion:16. Kindness and Compassion: Abu Qatadah, with whom Qatadah,Allah is pleased, said: pleased,said: The Messenger Salah (prayerl The Messenger of Allah ~ performed Salah (prayer) Allah 6 while while he was carrying a young girl named Umaamah, was a girl named Umaamah, daughter of Abul-Aas. When he bowed, he put her on he the ground, and when he stood up, he would carry her ground he stood he would again. (Bukhari f5650) again. (Bukhari #5650)17. and Ease: Anas,17. Simplification and Ease: Anas, with whom Allah is ispleased, said that the Messenger of Allah ~ said:pleased, said that the Messenger S said: I start the prayer I start the prayer with the intention of lengthening it, the lengthening but when I hear a child crying, I shorten the prayer as I a crying shorten as know the mother of that child would suffer from his the mother that screams! (Bukhari screams! (Bukhari #677) f577)18. Fearing Allah, being Mindful to not trespass His Limits1.8.Fearing being Mindful trespassand Devotion: is pleased,and Devotion: Abu Hurairah, with whom Allah is pleased, HurairalLsaid that the Messenger of Allah ~ said:said that the Messenger Allah 6 said: Sometimes, Sometimes, when I return to my family, I would find a return a date-fruit the bed. eat i! date-fruit on the bed. I would pick it up to eat it; but I would fear that it was from the charity, and thus, throw fear that was from the charity, and thus, back [on the ground]. (Bukhari d2300) it back [on the ground]. (Bukhari #2300)19. Expending Generously: Anas bin Malik, with whom19. Expending Generously: Anas Malik,Allah is pleased, said: is pleased, said: 38 38
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allahi!6 of The Messenger The Messenger of Allah • was never asked for Allah 6 was asked something when someone accepted Islam, except that he someone accepted except granted that person granted that person what he asked. A man came to the he asked. man came the Prophet .8 and he gave him a herd of sheep that was Prophet 6 and he gave a herd sheep was grazing between two mountains. The man returned to grazing between mountains. people and said: O -y people accept Islam! his people and said: 0 my people accept Islam! Muhammad 8 gives out generously like one who does 6 gives generously one does fear poverty. (Muslim not fear poverty. (Muslim #2312) #2312)20. Cooperation: Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, was20. Cooperation: Aishah, is pleased,wasonce asked about how the Prophet ~ behaved with hisonce asked about the Prophet 6 behaved hisfamily. She said:family. Shesaid: He helped He helped and assisted his family members with their and assistedhis family members their chores; but when the call to prayer was heard, he would chores; when the call to prayer was heard, he leave to attend the prayers. leave attend the prayers. Al-Baraa binAzib, with whom Allah is pleased, said: Al-Baraa is pleased, said: I saw the Messenger of Allah ~ on the Day of the 1 saw the Messenger S on the the Trench carrying dirt [that was dug from the trench] until Trench carrying lthat was the trench] the dirt covered his chest. He was quite hairy. I heard the covered chest. was hairy. heard him saying a few lines of Abdullah b. Rawaahahs saying a few lines Abdullah b. Rawaahahs poetry: O poetry: 0 Allah! Had it not been for You, We would been You, We have never been guided, have never been guided, nor offered prayers or give in offered prayers give charity. 0 Allah! Let tranquility descend upon us, and charity. O descend us, and make us meet make us firm when we meet our enemies. Verily they enemies. they have transgressedagainst us! have transgressed against us! And if they wish for an if they an affliction we reject and refuse it! He ~ raised his voice affliction we rejectand refuse He 6 raised his voice sayingtheselines poetry. (Bukhari while saying these lines of poetry. (Bukhari #2780) s2280)21. Truthfulness: Aishah,21. Truthfulness: Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: is pleased,said: The The trait and characteristic which the Prophet ~ hated trait and characteristic which the Prophet 6 hated most was lying. man would tell a lie in the presence most was lying. A man would tell a lie in the presence of 39 39
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah ffi the Prophet ~ and he would hold it against him, until he the Prophet 6 and he against he knew that he repented. (Tirmidthi 1973) he repented.(Tirmidthi 1973) Even his enemies attested to his truthfulness. Abu Jahl, who Even enemiesattested truthfulness. Jahl, the harshest enemies,said: Owas one of the harshest enemies, said: 0 Muhammad! I dowas one say I deny andnot say that you are a liar! 1 only deny what you brought and are awhat you call people to. Allah, the Exalted, says:what call peopleto. Allah, the Exalted,says: (We know indeed that what they say certainly grieves know say grieves you, but surely they do not call you a liar; but the unjust you, surely they call a the deny the verses of Allah.) [6:33] deny the verses Altah.) [6:33]22. Aggrandizing the limits and boundaries of Allah:21. Aggrandizing the and boundariesAishah, with whom Allah is pleased, said:Aishah, is pleased, said: The Prophet ~ was not given a choice between two The 6 was a choice matters, except that he chose the easier of the two, as matters, except that he chose the easier the as as was a act. If that act was a long as it was not a sinful act. If that act was a sinful act, act, he would be the farthest from it. By Allah! He never he be the farthest never avenged himself. He only became angry when people avenged himself. became angry people transgressed the limits and boundaries of Allah; in that transgressed the and boundaries casehe avenged. (Bukhari 15404) case he avenged. (Bukhari #6404)23. PleasantFacial Expression:Abdullah23. Pleasant Facial Expression: Abdullah bin al-Harith, with al-Harith,whom Allah is pleased, said: said: is pleased, I have never seen a man I have never seen a man who smiled as much as the smiled as much as the Messenger tF. (Tirmidthi Messenger of Allah $. (Tirmidthi #2641) f2641)24.Honesty and Loyalty: The ProphetiS was well-known for24. Honesty and Loyalty: The Prophet $ was well-known forhis honesty.The pagans Makkah -who were openly hostilehis honesty. The pagans of Makkah -who were openly hostiletowardstowards him- would leave their trust-items with him. His leave their trust-items him.honesty and loyalty was testedwhen the pagans Makkahhonesty and loyalty was tested when the pagans of Makkahabused and tortured his companionsand drove themabused him and tortured his companions and drove them out their homes.He orderedhis nephew, b.of their homes. He ordered his nephew, Ali b. Abi Talib, with Talib. 40 40
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah # oJ threewhom Allah is pleased, to postpone his migration for three pleased, postponedays to return to people their trust-items. 4days retum people trust-items.a Another example of his honesty and loyalty is example honesty anddemonstrated in the Truce of Hudaibiyah, wherein he agreeddemonstrated the Truce Hudaibiyah, he agreedto the article in the treaty which stated that any man who left the article the treaty stated anythe Prophet 13 would not be returned to him, and any manthe Prophet 6 be retumed and anywho left Makkah would be returned to them. Before the be retumed them. Before thetreaty was concluded a named Jandal b. Amr hadtreaty was concluded a man named Abu Jandal b. Amr hadmanaged to escape from the pagans of Makkah and rushed tomanaged escape the pagans and rushedjoin Muhammad 13. The pagans asked Muhammad to honor ffi. The pagans askedhis pledge and return the escapee. The Messenger of Allah ~ pledge and retum the escapee. The Messenger iiFsaid:said: O 0 Abu Jandal! Be patient and ask Allah to grant yougrant Jandal! Be patient and ask patience. Allah will surely help you and those who are patience. will surely and those are persecuted and make it easy for you. We have signed an persecutedand make easy you. We have sigped an agreement with them, and we certainly do not betray or agreement them, and certainly do betray t18611) act treacherously. (Baihaquee #18611) act treacherously, 1aainaquee25. Bravery and courage: Ali, with whom Allah is pleased,25. Bravery and courage: is pleased,said:said: You Badr! We You should have seen me on the Day of Badr! We have seen me the sought refuge the Messenger e. was sought refuge with the Messenger of Allah •. He was that Day, the the closest among us to the enemy. On that Day, the the closest among us to the enemy. Messenger Allah ID was the strongestone among us. Messenger of Allah. was the strongest one among us. (Ahmed f654) (Ahmed #654) As for his courage and bravery under normal circumstances normal circumstances b. with whom pleased,said:- Anas b. Malik, with whom Allah is pleased, said:aIbn Hishams Biography, Vol. 1, p.493 [Arabic Edition].4Ibn HishamsBiography, Vol. 1, p.493[ArabicEditionl 41 41
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allahtifi of The Messenger The Messenger of Allah • was the best of people and 6 was the best and the most courageous. One night, the people of Madinah the courageous.One the people were and headed were frightened and headed towards the sounds they the sounds heard during the heard during the night. The Messenger of Allah. met The Messenger Allah 6 while the place them while coming back from the place of the sound, back sound, he made sure after he made sure that there was no trouble. He was there was was riding a horse riding a horse that belonged to Abu Talhah, with whom belonged with pleased, Allah is pleased, without any saddle, and he had his any saddle, and he had with was assuring sword with him. He was assuring the people, saying: people, saying: Do be frightened! Do not be frightened! Do not be frightened! be frightened! Anas, with whom Allah is pleased, further said: Verily, Anas, is pleased,further said:Verily, the Messenger Allah S we found the Messenger of Allah. to be like an ocean. be an ocean. (Bukhari #2751) (Bukhari #2751) with people He met up with people riding a horse with no saddle, and a horse saddle, andhe carriedhe carried his sword, for there might be a reason or need to sword, there be a reason needuseuse it. He did not wait for others to check out the source of others check the sourcetrouble; as done thesesituations.trouble; as is done in these situations. the Battle In the Battle of Uhud, the Messenger of Allah. consulted the Messenger Allah 6 consultedhis Companions. They advised him to fight, while he himself Companions. They advised he see the needdid not see the need to fight. However, he took their advice. However, he advice.The Companions,The Companions, upon learning the Prophets feelings leaming the Prophets feelingsregretted they had done. The Ansaris saidregretted what they had done. The Ansaris said to him, 0 OProphet Allah!Prophet of Allah! Do as you please. But, he replied: as please.But he replied: It does not befit a Prophet who has worn his war attire It does befit a Prophet has remove until he (Ahmed to remove it until he fights. (Ahmed #14829) f14829)26.Generosityand Hospitality: Ibn Abbas,with whom Allah26. Generosity and Hospitality: Abbas,is pleased, said:is pleased, said: The Prophet • was the most generous The Prophet 6 was the most generous of people. He people. was most generous during Ramadhan when he met was generous Ramadhan he 42 42
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah !& Jibreel 6; he would meet night during Jibreel ft.; he would meet him every night during Ramadhan to practice and review the Quran with him. Ramadhan practice with The Messenger of Allah ~ was so Messenger Allah iS was so generous, that he was generous, was regard. (Bukhari 15) faster than the swiftest wind in this regard. (Bukhari #6) faster wind pleased,said: Abu Dharr, with whom Allah is pleased, said: with I I was walking with the Prophet ft. in the Harrah walking with the Prophet 6 (volcanicregion) faced the (volcanic region) of Madinah and we faced the mount of and Uhud; the Prophet ~ said: 0 Abu Dharr! 1 said: Here 1 Uhud; the ProphetBFsaid:O Dharr!I said:Here I It please am 0 Messenger of Allah! He said: It would not please am O Messenger said: me to have an amount of gold equal to the weight of me have an amount equal the Mount Uhud, until 1 expend and give out (in the sake of Mount I expend and give the sake within three nights. I Allah) within a night or within three nights. 1 would within a those are debt. (Bukhari keep a Dinar of it to help those who are in debt. (Bukhari keep a #2312 #2312) is pleased, said: Jabir b. Abdullah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: iabir b. Abdullah, The Prophet ~ did not refuse to give anything which he The Prophet 6 refuse give he had, someoneif he asked it. lruurarit5687 had, to someone if he asked for it. (Bukhari #5687) Saeedal-Khudri,27. Bashfulness and Modesty: Abu Saeed al-Khudri, with27. Bashfulness and Modesty: is pleased,said:whom Allah is pleased, said: The Prophet The Prophet ~ was more modest and bashful than a than a S was more modest and virgin who hides in the womens quarter of the tent. If hides the womens quarter the tent. If he hated or disliked something, we could sense it from he hated something could sense facial expressions, (Bukhari 15751) his facial expressions. (Bukhari #5751)28. Humbleness: The Messenger of Allah I#. was the most28. Humbleness: The Messenger # was the mosthumble person.He was so humble that a stranger were tohumble person. He was so humble that if a stranger were toenter the Masjid and approachthe Prophetssitting place andenter the Masjid and approach the Prophets sitting place and his Companionsone not be able tohe was sitting with his Companions one would not be able tohe was sitting from his Companions.distinguish him from his Companions.distinguishAnas Malik, whom Allah is pleased,Anas bin Malik, with whom Allah is pleased, said: said: 43 43
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. of Once, while we Once, while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah were sitting with the Messengerof Allah dfi the Masiid, a man on his camel came in, after he tied • in the Masjid, a man on his camel came in, after he tied a rope, he asked:Who of you is Muhammad?The it with a rope, he asked: Who of you is Muhammad? The Messengerof Allah 6 was sitting on the ground Messenger of Allah. was sitting on the ground while he he was leaning, his Companions. We directed the was leaning, with his Companions. We directed the Bedouin, saying: This Bedouin, saying: This white man, who is leaning on the man, is leaning on the ground. The Prophet 6 ground. The Prophet • did not differ nor distinguish himself from his Companions. himself from his Companions. The Prophet ~ would not hesitate to help the poor, needy The Prophet 6 hesitate help the poor, needyand their needs.Anas b. lvlalik,and widows in their needs. Anas b. Malik, with whom Allahis pleased, said:is pleased, said: A woman the people A woman from the people of Madinah who was was insane said the Prophet iF: I have ask partially insane said to the Prophet .: I have to ask you about something. helped about something. He helped her and took care of her and care needs. (Bukhari f670) needs. (Bukhari #670)29. and Compassion:29. Mercy and Compassion: Abu Masood ai-Ansari, with Masood al-Ansari, is pleased,whom Allah is pleased, said: said: A man came the Prophet6 and said: "O Messenger A man came to the Prophet. and said: "0 Messenger of Allah! Allah! I pray Fajr prayer because and Allah! By Allah! 1 do not pray Fajr prayer because so and so so lengthensthe prayer." He said: I have never seen the so lengthens the prayer." He said: I have never seen the Messenger ~ deliver Messengerof Allah S deliver a speech in such an angry speech such an angry state. He said: state. said: O 0 People! Verily there are among you those who chase People! there are among those chase people away! If you lead people in prayer, shorten the people away! If lead people prayer, shorten the prayer. There are old and weak people and those with prayer. There are and weak people and those with specialneedsbehind you in prayer. (Bukhari special needs prayer. (Bukhari f570) #670) OsamabinZaid, with whom Allah is pleased, Osama bin Zaid, pleased, said: said: We were sitting with the Messenger We were with ~. Messenger of Allah dF.One of his daughterssent a personcalling him to visit her and daughters sent person calling and 44
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. ofMuhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 see her son, who was on his deathbed. The Messenger of see her son, who was on his deathbed. The Messenger of Allah • told the person to tell her: Truly to Allah Allah S totd the person to tell her: Truly to Allah belongs what He took, and He has given everything a belongs what He took, and He has given everything a set time. Command her to be patient and to seek the set time. Command her to be and to seek the reward of Allah, the Exalted. His daughter, with whom reward of Allah, Exalted. His with whom Allah is pleased, sent the same person back again Allah pleased, sent same person again O saying: 0 Prophet of Allah! Your daughter took an oath of Allah! took that you should come. The Messengerof Allah 6 got come. Messenger Allah ~ up, and Sad bin Ubaadah and Muadth bin fabal Sad bin Ubaadah bin Jabal accompaniedhim. The Messengerof Allah 6 sat with accompanied Messenger Allah • sat with the child while he was on his deathbed.The childs eyes was deathbed. eyes froze in their places like stones. Upon seeing that, the froze places stones. seeing that, What Messengerof Allah 6 wept. Sad said to him, What is Messenger Allah. wept. Sad said O Prophetof Allah?He said: This is a mercy that this 0 Prophet this Allah? He said:This mercy that the hearts slaves. Allah, the Exalted, places in the hearts of His slaves. the Exalted, places are Truly, Allah is merciful to those who are merciful those towards others: (Bukhari #6942) towards others. (Bukhari #6942)30. Perseveranceand Forgiveness:Anas Malik,30. Perseverance and Forgiveness: Anas bin Malik, withwhom Allah is pleased, said: is pleased,said: Once, was Once, I was walking with the Messenger of Allah ~ the Messenger 6 a collar while he was wearing a Yemeni cloak with a collar with he was wearing a Yemeni cloak strongly. looked rough edges. A Bedouin grabbed him strongly. I looked rough edges. Bedouin grabbed at the side of his neck and saw that the edge of the cloak at the side of his neck and saw that the edge of the cloak O left a mark on his neck The Bedouin said, left a mark on his neck. The Bedouin said, 0 Muhammad! Give me [somel of the wealth of Allah that Muhammad! Give me [some] of the wealth of Allah that you have. The Messenger of Allah 6 turned to the you have. The Messenger of Allah ~ turned to the Bedouin, laughed and ordered that he be given [some Bedouin, laughed and ordered that he be given [some money], (Bukhari #2980) moneYl. (Bukharif298o) 45 45
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. of Another example of his perseveranceis the story of the Another example of his perseverance is the story of theJewish Rabbi,Jewish Rabbi, Zaid bin Sanah. Zaid loaned the Messenger of Sanah. loaned the MessengerAllah 6 something.Allah. something. Zaid said: said: Two Two or three days prior to the return of the debt, the three days to the the debt, the Messenger Messenger of Allah • was attending the funeral of a 6 was the a man the Ansar. man from the Ansar. Abu Bakr and Vmar, Vthman and and Umar, Uthman and some Companions, some other Companions, with whom Allah is pleased, Allah pleased, were with the Prophet (F. were with the Prophet •. After he prayed the ]inazah he prayed the Jinazah (funeral prayer) he sat (funeral prayer) he sat down close to a wall, and I came close a and came grabbed towards him, grabbed him by the edges of his cloak and the edges and looked at a harsh way, and said:O Muhammad! looked at him in a harsh way, and said: 0 Muhammad! Will Will you not pay me back my loan? I have not known me loan? have known family Abdul-Mutalib the family of Abdul-Mutalib to delay in repaying debts! debts! I looked at Vmar b. al-Khattaab, with whom Allah is Umar al-Khattaab, with Allah pleased - eyes were pleased - his eyes were swollen with anger! He looked at with anger! me and said: O Enemy me and said: 0 Enemy of Allah, do you talk to the do the Messenger Allah Messenger of Allah and behave towards him in this behave him manner?! manner?! By the One who sent him with the truth, had it sent with been fear miesing (Jannah) would have not been for the fear of missing it (Jannah) I would have beheaded with beheaded you with my sword! The Prophet • was 6 was looking Umar peaceful manner/ looking at Vmar in a calm and peaceful manner, and he a calm he said: O Vmar, said: 0 Umar, you should have given us sincere sincere counseling rather than to do what you did! O Umar, go counseling, rather than 0 Vmar, go and repay him his loan, and give him twenty Saa and repay loan, and give Saa (measurement weight) extrabecause (measurement of weight) extra because you scared him! scared Zaid said: Umar went with me, and repaid me the debt, said: Vmar with me, and repaid the debt, and gave me over it twenfy Saa of dates.I asked him: gave it twenty Sa a dates. I asked What is this? He What this? said: The Messenger of Altah 6 said: The Messenger Allah • ordered me to give it, becauseI frightened you. Zaid ordered because I frightened you. then asked Umar: O Umar, do you know who I am? asked Vmar: 0 Vmar, know I am? 46 46
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah fr No, I dont who I Ulrar said: No, I dont - who are you? Zaid said: I am Vmar you? Zaid b. Sanah. Umar inquired: The Sanah. Vmar inquired: The Rabbi? Zaid Zaid Zaid, answered: Yes, asked him: What answered: Yes, the Rabbi. Umar then asked him: What Vmar made you say what you said to the Prophet 6 and do what • answered: O Vmar, I what you did to him? Zaid answered: 0 Umar, I have what you did seen all the sigrrs of prophethood in the face of the seen all signs of in face of Messenger of Allah • except two - (the first) his Messenger Allah 6 except - patience and perseveranceprecedehis igrrorance and the perseverance precede ignorance second, the more harsher you are towards him, the second are him, kinder and more patient he becomes, and I am now kinder becomes, now satisfied. O Umar, I hold you as a witness that I testify 0 Vmar, hold as testify and am satisfied that there is no true god worthy of there worthy being worshipped except Allah alone, and my Deen is except Allah alone, Deen Islam and Muhammad. is my Prophet. I also hold you Muhammad 6 Prophet. also as a half - as a witness that half of my wealth - and I am among the wealthiest people in Madinah - - I give for the sake of sake Allah to the entire Vmmah. Vmar, with whom Allah is Allah Uurmah. Umar, with Allah you will pleased, said: you will not be able to distribute your be able distribute pleased, said: wealth to the whole Vmmah (nation), so say, I will I will Ummah so say, distribute it to some of the Vmmah of Muhammad •. to some the Ummah 6. I said: said, then will distribute (the apportioned) Zaid said: I said, then I will distribute (the apportioned) wealth to some of the Vmmah. Both Zaid and Vmar, wealth some the Ummah. Both and Unar, with whom Allah is pleased, returned to the Messenger is pleased,refurned to the Messenger I of Allah •. Zaid said to him: I bear witness that there is Allah b. said to bear there no true god worthy of being worshipped except Allah no true god being worshipped except alone, and that Muhammad. is the slave of Allah and alone, and that Muhammad 6 is the slave and His Messenger, He believed in him, and witnessed Messenget. He believed and witnessed many battles and then died in the Battle of Tabuk while many battles and then died the Battle he was encountering the enemy - may Allah have mercy he was encounteringthe enemy may have mercy on Zaid. (Ibn Hibban #288) on Zaid. (Ibn Hibban 1288) 47 47
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & of A great example of his forgiveness and perseverance is A great example of his forgiveness and perseverance isapparent when he pardoned the people of Makkah after itsapparent when he pardoned the people of Makkah after itsconquest. When the Messenger of Allah ~ gathered theconquest. When the Messenger of Allah iiF gathered thepeople; who had abused, harmed and tortured him and hispeople; who had abused, harmed and tortured him and hiscompanions, and had driven them out of the city of Makkah,companions, and had driven them out of the city of Makkah,he said:he said: What do you What do you think I should do to you? They said: You should do to you?They said:You are a generousbrother and nephew! He said: Go - are a kind, generous brother and nephew! He said: Go· are free! lBaihaqit1805S) you are free! (Baihaqi #18055)31..Patience:The Messenger31. Patience: The Messenger of Allah ~ was a paradigm of 6 was a paradigmpatience. was patient his people before calling thempatience. He was patient with his people before calling themto Islam; for they worship idols and do sinful acts.Heto Islam; for they would worship idols and do sinful acts. Hewas patient and tolerantwas patient and tolerant with the abuse and harm the pagans the abuseand harm the pagansof Makkah inflicted on him and his Companions and sought and his Companions and soughtthe reward Allah. He alsowas patient and tolerantthe reward of Allah. He also was patient and tolerant with thetheabuse the hypocrites Madinah.abuse of the hypocrites in Madinah. was a paradigm patience He was a paradigm of patience when he lost his loved ones; when he lost his loved ones;his Khadeejah, died his life.his wife Khadeejah, died during his life. All his children died his children died his life, except for Fatimah,during his life, except for Fatimah, with whom Allah is ispleased.His uncle al-Abbas,with whom Allah is pleased,pleased. uncle al-Abbas, pleased,passedaway as well. The Prophet r{Fwas patient and soughtpassed away as well. The Prophet$ was patient and soughtthe reward Allah.the reward of Allah. Anas b. Malik, with whom Allah is pleased, Anas pleased, said: said: We entered We entered the house of Abu Saif - the blacksmith - house with the Prophet li. Abu Saifs wife was the wet-nurse with Prophet $. Saifs wife was wet-nurse of his son, lbraheem. The Messengerof Allah 6 lifted of son, Ibraheem. Messenger of Allah $ lifted his son Ibraheem, and smelled and kissed him. After a Ibraheem, smelled kissed After while he went and saw his son again - he was dying. while son again The Prophet 6 started to cry. Abdurrahmaan b. Auf, Prophet ~ started cry. Abdurrahmaan Auf, with whom Allah is pleased,said: O prophet of Allah, with whom Allah pleased, said: 0 Prophet of Allah, 48 48
  • Muhammad, theMessenger of Allah ~Muhammad, MessengerAllahW the of cry! The Messenger. said: O Ibn Auf, you too cry!The Messenger6 said: 0 Ibn Auf, this is a The mercy - the Prophet 6 shed more tears and said: The 8 tears eyes shed tears, the heart is saddened, and we only say eyes tears, saddened, only what pleases our Rubb, and we are saddened by your what pleases o:ur Rubb, saddened by your death, O lbtaheem! (Bukhari 0 Ibraheem! (Bukhari f1241) #1241)32. |ustice and Fairness:The Messenger Allah S was just32. Justice Fairness: The Messenger of 8 wasand fair in every aspect of his life, and in the application of aspectShariah (Islamic Jurisprudential Law).Shariah(IslamicJurisprudential Law). Aishah, the mother of Believers,with whom Allah is Aishah, the mother Believers, withpleased, said:pleased, said: The people of Quraish were extremelyconcernedabout The people Quraish were extremely concerned about the Makhzoomi woman (i.e. the woman from the tribe (Le. a of Bani Makhzoom) who committed a theft. They Who can conversed among themselves and said, conversed among themselves and said, Who can the Messenger 6? intercede on her behalf with the Messenger of Allah 8? intercede Who dares to speak to the Messenger They finally said: Who dares speak to the Messenger said: matter except Usamah b. Zaid, the of Allah 8 in this matter except Usamah b. Zaid, the 6 most beloved young man to the Messenger of Allah 8: most beloved man the Messenger 6. is pleased, spoke So Usamah, with whom Allah is pleased, spoke to the So Usamah, the 6 regarding the woman. The Messenger of Allah 8 regarding the woman. The Messenger Messenger of Allah ~ said: Messenger 6 said: O Usamah! you intercede (on 0 Usamah! Do you intercede (on their behalf to behalf to and punishments! disregard) one of Allahs castigations and punishments! disregard)one of Allahs castigations 6 got up and delivered a The Messenger of Allah ~ got up and delivered a The Messenger of speech, saying: speech,saying: People before you were destroyed because when the People before you were destroyed because when the noble among them stole, they would let him go; and if noble among them stole, they would let him go; and if the poor and weak stole they would punish him. By the poor and weak stole they would punish him. By 49 49
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah W ofMuhammad, the Messenger of Allah. Allah! If Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad stole, 1 Allah! If Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad stole, I would cut her hand off. @uknari would cut her hand off. (Bukhari #3288) #3288) The Messenger of AIIah was just and fair and allowed The Messenger of Allah •6 was just and fair and allowedothers to avenge themselves if he harmed them. Usaid b.others to avenge themselves if he harmed them. Usaid b.Hudhair, with whom Allah is pleased,said:Hudhair, with whom Allah is pleased, said: A man from the Ansar, was cracking iokes with people A man from the Ansar, was cracking jokes with people and them laugh, and the Prophet (F passed and making them laugh, and the Prophet • passed by and at him, and poked him at his side lightly with a branch of side lightly with a branch of a tree he was carrying. The man exclaimed: O a tree that he was carrying. The man exclaimed: 0 Prophet Allow me Prophet of Allah! Allow me to avenge myself! The avenge Prophet 6 said: Go Ahead! The man said: O Prophet • said: Go Ahead! The man said: 0 Messenger are Messenger of Allah, you are wearing a garment, and 1 a garment, and I was not, when poked me!The Messenger was not, when you poked me! The Messenger of Allah 6 lifted garment, and • lifted his upper garment, and the Ansari kissed his saying: I meant body saying: I only meant to do this, 0 Messenger of do this, O Messenger Allah! (AbuDawood t5224) Allah! (Abu Dawood #5224)33. Allah,33. Fearing Allah, and Being Mindful of Him: The Mindful TheMessenger 6 was the most mindful personMessenger of Allah • was the most mindful person of Allah. Masoud, withAbdullah bin Masoud, with whom Allah is pleased, said: pleased,said: [Oncel the Messenger Allah [Once] Messenger of Allah. said to me: ,Reciteto 6 said me: Recite me from the Quran!Abdullah b. Masood, with whom Quran! Abdullah b. Masood, with Allah is pleased,said: Shall 1 recite it to you, and it is Allah pleased, said: Shall I recite it it revealed to you! The Prophet 6 said: Yes. He said: I revealed Prophet. said: Yes. said: I started to recite Surat an-Nisaa, until I reached the verse: recite an-Nisaa, until 1 reached verse: (How then if We brought from each nation a witness, (How if brought each and We brought you as a witness against these people!) as witness against these (4:41) (4:41) Upon hearing this verse,the Messengerof Allah iiF said: verse, Messenger Allah. said: That is That enough!Abdullah b. Masood,with whom Allah enough! Abdullah Masood, with Allah 50 50
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 of is pleased, said, I turned around and saw the Messenger pleased, said, hrrned saw Meseenger Allah 6 @ukharif4753) of Allah. crying. (Bukhari #4763) Aishah, the Mother of the Believers, with whom Allah is Aishah, the the Believers, withpleased, said:pleased,said: If the Messenger AUah n saw clouds the sky; If the Messenger of Allah. saw dark clouds in the sky; he would pace forwards and backwards and would exit he would pace and backwards would his house and enter it. As soon as it rained, the Prophet. house enter soon as rained, the Prophet 6 pleased, asked would relax. Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, asked would relax. Aishah, with he said: I him about it, and he said: I do not know, it may be as it as people said: some people said: some (Then, when they saw the (penalty in the shape of) a saw shape o0 a cloud traversing the sky, coming to meet their valleys, meet their This they said: This cloud will give us rain! Nay, it is the will it said: (calamity) you were asking to be hastened! A wind were hagtened! wind wherein is a Grievous Penalty!)5 (46:24) a Penalty!)s 1no:za134. Satisfaction and Richness of the Heart: Umar b. al-34. Richness Heart: b. al-Khattab, with whom Allah is pleased, said:Khattab, with pleased,said: I I him sitting I entered the Messengers house and 1 found him sitting Messengershouse on a mat. He had a leather pillow stuffed with fibers. He a a pillow with had a pot of water by his feet, and there was some had a water feet, and there was some clothes hung on the wall. His side had marks due to the clothes side mat that he lay on. Umar, with whom Allah is pleased, on. with Allah pleased, wept when he saw this, and the Messenger {3 asked he saw this, and the Messenger 6 asked Why do O him: Why do you weep? Umar said: 0 Prophet of weep? said: Prophet Allah! Khosrau and Caesar enjoy the best of this world, Khosrau and Caesarenjoy the best poverty?! said: Arent and you are suffering in poverty?! He said: Arent you and are suffering pleased that they enjoy this world, and we will enjoy pleased they enioy and will enioy the Hereafter? (sukhari r+ezg) the Hereafter? (Bukhari #4629)s5 Bukhari f3034. #3034. 51l 5
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah6 of35. Hoping for Goodness Even for his Enemies: Aishatr, the35. Hoping for Goodness Even for his Enemies: Aishah, themother the Believers,mother of the Believers, with whom Allah is pleased, said: is pleased,said: I asked the Messenger of Allah ~: "Did you face a day I asked the Messenger 6: "Did face a day and more intense than the Battle harder and more intense than the Battle of Uhud?" He He I suffered a from replied: I suffered a lot from your people! The worst I people! The suffered was on the suffered was on the Day of al-Aqabah when I spoke to al;Aqabah spoke to Ali b. Yaleel b. Ali b. Abd Yaleel b. Abd Kilaal (in order to support me) order to support me) he disappointed me and but he disappointed me and left me. I left the area while me. the area was and - I was quite worried, and walked - when I reached an reached an area called Qarn ath-Thaalib, raised area called Qarn ath-Thaalib, I raised my head to the head to the sky and noticed a cloud that shaded me. Jibreel ~ called and noticed a cloud that shadedme. Jibreel 6 called said: O me and said: 0 Muhammad! Allah, the Exalted, has Allah, Exalted, has heard what your people have said to you - and has sent heard people have said and has sent the Angel in charge of the mountains, so you can the charge the mountains, so can command to do please.The Prophet 6 command him to do what you please. The Prophet 13 said: The said: The Angel in charge of the mountains called me charge the mountains called me saying: May saying: May Allah exalt your mention and render you exalt and render safe derogatory safe from every derogatory thing! 0 Muhammad, I will O will do whatever you command me to do. If you like I can whatever command me do. If can bring the Akhshabain mountains together and crush the Akhshabain mountains together and crush them The Messenger It them all. The Messenger of Allah ~ said: It may be that 6 said: be Allah raises from among them a progeny who worship raises among them progeny Allah alone and associate no partners with Him. alone and associate partners with (Bukhari #3059) (Bukhari #3059) Abdullah b. Umar, with whom Allah is pleased, b. Umar, pleased, said: said: When When Abdullah b. Ubai b. Salool died, his son Abdullah Abdullah b. Salool Abdullah came the Prophet ~ and asked b. Abdullah cameto the Prophet6 and askedhim for his b. garment,so that they could shroud their father with it. He garment, so they could shroud father asked Prophet ~ then asked the Prophet S to pray the linazah (funeral the Jinazah prayer) on him, and he got up to do so, but Umar, with prayer) and he got so, Umar, 52 52
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 whom Allah is pleased,grabbed the outer garment of the whom Allah pleased, grabbed Prophet 6 and said: O Messengerof Allah! Will you pray Prophet. said: 0 Messenger Will on him, and Allah has forbidden you to do so! The Allah has so! The ~ said: Allah has Messengerof Allah 6 said: Allah has given me the Messenger choice, says: choice,for He says: (Ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for (Ask forgiveness forgiveness even if ask forgiveness seventy them; even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them; this is because they Allah will because disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger,and Allah does disbelieve and Messenger, does transgressing people.) [9:80] not guide the transgressing people.) [9:801 And I will ask for forgiveness for him more than And will ask forgiveness more than is pleased,then seventy times. Vmar, with whom Allah is pleased, then seventy times. Umar, He a hypocrite! The Prophet, said: He is a hypocrite! The Prophet, performed the said: the prayer, and Allah revealed: prayer,and revealed: (And never (And never offer prayer for anyone of them who dies prayer any one dies and do stand grave;surely they disbelieve and do not stand by his grave; surely they disbelieve in Messenger, and they shall die Allah and His Messenger, and they shall die in and transgression.) [9:84] (Bukhari12400) transgression.) [9:84] (Bukhari #2400) 53 53
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah •Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &Some of the Prophets Ethical Manners:Some the ProphetsEthical Manners:1. The Prophets close relations with his Companions: This 1. The Prophets close relations with Companions:is well-known due to the fact that we have detailed reportsis well-known due the fact have detailed reportsabout the Prophets biography. The Prophet. is the exampleabout the Prophets biography. The Prophet 6 is the examplewhich we should emulate in all our matters. Jareer b.which we should emulate matters. Jareer b. pleased,said: The Prophet 6Abdullah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: The Prophet.Abdullah,did not prevent me from sitting with him, since I accepted prevent me with since acceptedIslam. He always smiled when he looked at me. I onceIslam. always smiled he looked me. oncecomplained to him, that I could not ride a horse and he hit mecomplained could a horse hein my chest and supplicated Allah, saying: chest and supplicated Allatu saying: O 0 Allah! Steady him, and make him a person who Steady and him a others a source guidance. (Bukhari guides others and a source of guidance. (Bukhari #5739) f5739)2. Prophet 6 would2. The Prophet. would entertain his Companions and ioke jokewith them: Anas b.with them: Anas b. Malik, with whom Allah is pleased, said pleased, saidthe Messenger S was thethe Messenger of Allah • was the most well manneredmanneredperson. I had a young brother whose name was Abu Umair -person. had a whose name washe with a small called An-Nughair.he would play with a small bird called An-Nughair. TheProphet iF saidProphet. said to him: O Umair, the 0 Abu Umair, what did the Nughair do?! while he was do?!while was playing $rith (Muslimf2150) playing with it. (Muslim #2150) The Prophet • did not only entertain and joke with his The Prophet 6 entertain and withcompanions rather,companions by word of mouth; rather, he sported and sportedamused them as Anas b.amused them as well. Anas b. Malik, with whom Allah is with Allahpleased, said:pleased, said: A Bedouin named A Bedouin named Zahir b. Haram would give gifts to the Prophet • and he would prepare things for him as well. & and prepare him as The Prophet 6 said: Zahir The Prophet. said: Zahir is our desert, and we are his desert, are city. 54 54
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah !toMuhammail,theMessenger Allah& The Prophet !to approached him while he was selling his The Prophet 6 approached he was goods, and the Prophet !to hugged him from behind, and goods, the Prophet 6 hugged and he could seehim. then said: Let me golWhen he he could not see him. He then said: Let me go! When he knew that it was the Prophet !to who was hugging him, he was the Prophet iB was he back towards the Messengers chest! The pressed his back towards the Messengers chest! The pressed Who Messenger of Allah li1 then said: Who will buy this slave Messenger 6 then said: will slave O Messenger of Allah, I am from me? Zahir said: 0 Messenger from me? Zahir said: Allah, am worthless! The Messenger of Allah li1 said: worthless!TheMessenger S said: You You are not considered worthless by Allah! or he said: are consideredworthless said: You are valuable and precious to Allah. (Ibn Hibban #5790) You are precious (IbnHibban15790)3. He would consult his Companions: The Prophet li1 would3. consult Companions:The Prophet iiFconsult his Companions, and take their opinions and pointsconsult Companions, and take opinions andof view into consideration in issues and matters which no consideration issues and matterstextual proofs were revealed. Abu Hurairah, with whomtextual proofs were revealed. Hurairah,Allah is pleased, said: is pleased,said: I have I have not seen a person more keen for the sincere seen a person more keen the sincere advice of his companions than the Messenger of Allah advice companions than the Messenger li1. (Tirrnidthi #1714) 6. oirmiatu ltzt+) 4. Visiting the sick, whether he was 4. Visiting the sick, whether he was Muslim or non- non- The Prophet i& was concemed about hisMuslim: The Prophet ij. was concerned about hisCompanions and would make sure that they were well. If heCompanionsand make sure that they were well. hewaswas told about a Companion who was sick, he would rush to about a Companion was sick, he rush tovisit him with the Companions that were present with him. the Companionsthat were present him. wouldntHe wouldnt only visit the Muslims who were sick; rather, he the were sick; rather, hewould visit even non-Muslims. Anas b. Malik, with whom even non-Muslims. Anas b. Malik,Allah is pleased, said: is pleased,said: A serve the Prophet e and he A Jewish boy would serve the Prophet" and he fell Jewish sick, so the Prophet e said: Let us go and sick, so the Prophet .. said: Let us go and visit him. to They went to visit him, and found his father sitting by and father head, and the Messenger Allah !l said: proclaim his head, and the Messenger of Allah" said: proclaim 555 5
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah W of that there is no true god worthy of being worshipped that there god worthy worshipped except Allah alone and I will intercede on your behalf except alone and will intercede on account of it on the Day of Resurrection. The boy on account on Resurrection. looked at father, and the Obey Abul- looked at his father, and the father said: Obey Abul- said: There is no true god worthy Qasim! so the boy uttered: There Qasim! so the uttered: worthy of being worshipped except Allah alone, and of except Allah alone, Muhammad. is the last Messenger. The Messenger of Muhammad C Messenger. Messenger A[ah e said: All praise Allah. said: All praise is due to Allah, Who saved him Allah, saved him from the Fire of Hell. (Ibn Hibban #2960) Fire 1run mbban f2960)5.5. He was grateful for peoples goodness towards him, and was peoples goodnesswould reward that generously: Abdullah b. Umar, withwould generously: b. with is pleased, saidwhom Allah is pleased, said that the Messenger of Allah • the Messenger i&said:said: Whoever seeksrefuge with Allah against your Whoever seeks refuge with Allah against your evil, then do Whoever asks do not harm him. Whoever asks you by Allah, then give Allah, Whoever him. Whoever invites you, then accept his invitation. accept invitation. does a Whoever does a favor for you or an act of kindness, then act repay a manner; repay him in a similar manner; but if you do not find if find which can with, that which you can reward him with, then supplicate Allah Allah for him continuously, until you think you have until think repaid (Ahmed f5105) repaid him. (Ahmed #6106) Aishah, is pleased, Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: said: The Messenger Allah ID would accept The Messenger of Allah • would accept gifts, and generously account (Bukhari reward generously on account of that. (Bukhari #21145) #2445)6. The Messengerslove everything6. The Messengers love for everything which is beautifuland good: Anas,and good: Anas, with whom Allah is pleased, pleased, said: said: The hand The of the Messenger of Allah e was softer than the Messenger Allah. any that any silk that I had ever touched, and his scent was ever touched, scent sweeterthan any perfume that I had ever smelt. (Bukhari sweeter than any perfume ever smelt. (Bukhari f3368) #3368) 56 56
  • Muhammad, the Messenger af Allah. a!Muhammad,theMessenger Allah W7. The Messenger of Allah 6 loved to help others by7. Messenger of Allah • help byinterceding on their behalf:interceding behalf: Abdullah b. Abbas, with whom Allah is pleased,said: Abdullah Abbas, with Allah pleased, said: The husband of Bareerah,with whom Allah is pleased, The Bareerah, with whom Allah pleased, was a slave whose name was Mugheeth - I saw him - 1 him walking behind her in the streets of Madinah crying, walking behind in streets Madinah and his tears were falling off his beard. The Messenger tears falling off beard. Messenger Allah. said AI-Abbas: Doesnt amaze of Allah e said to Al-Abbas: Doesnt it amazeyou, how much Mugheeth loves Bareerah, and how much she Mugheeth loves Bareerah, and she hates Mugheeth! hatesMugheeth! The Prophet. said to Bareerah: Why dont you go back Prophet lil Bareerah:Why to him? She said to him: Are you commanding me to do him? She said him:Are commanding No, so? He said: No, but 1 am interceding on his behalf. I am so? said: I (Bukhari4875) r She said: I have no need for him. (Bukhari # 4875) She said: have need8. The Messenger of Allah ~ would serve himself: Aishah,8. Messenger S serve himself: Aishah,with whom Allah is pleased, said: is pleased,said: I was asked how the Messenger of Allah. behaved in I was asked the Messenger Allah e behaved house. She said: He was any man; he washed his house. She said: He was like any man; he washed sheep,and servedhimself. his clothes, milked his sheep, and served himself. clothes, (Ahmed 24998) 24998) The Prophetsexcellentmanners,not only made The Prophets excellent manners, not only made him serve serve serve others as well. Aishah,himself; rather, he would serve others as well. Aishah, withhimself; rather, hewhom Allah is pleased, said:whom Allah is pleased, said: I was asked how the Messenger of Allah. behaved in I was asked the Messenger Allah C behaved He would help out the house his house. She said: He would help out in the house his house. She said: chores,and when he heard the Adthan he with the daily chores, and when he heard the Adthan he the would leavefor the Masiid. (Bukhari would leave for the Masjid. (Bukhari 5048) 5048) ~~ 1~~ 1~~ - N 1~ :1l~~ .. li":, 51 57
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah WMuhammad, the Messenger of Allah. ofStatementsof justice and Equity:Statements of Justice and Equity:1. The German Poet, Goethe, saidl I looked into history for a1. The German Poet, Goethe, said: I looked into history for ahuman paradigm and found it to be in Muhammad 6.human paradigm and found it to be in Muhammad !8.2. Professor Keith Moore, said in his book "The Developing2. Professor Keith Moore, said in his book: "The DevelopingHuman": It is clear to me that these statements must haveHuman": It is dear to me that these statements must havecome to Muhammad from God, Allah, becausemost thiscome to Muhammad from God, or Allah, because most of thisknowledge wasknowledge was not discovered until many centuries later. discovered many centuries later.This proves to me that Muhammad must have been aThis proves to me that Muhammad must have been amessenger God, Allah. He further said: I have nomessenger of God, or Allah. He further said: I have nodifficulty reconciling that this is adifficulty in my mind reconciling that this is a divine revelation, leadinspiration or revelation, which lead him to these statements. thesestatements. 3. Dr. Maurice Bucaille, said his book: "The Quran, and3. Dr. Maurice Bucaille, said in his book: "The Quran, and Science":AModem Science": A totally objective examination of it [the objective examination [the theQuran] in the light of modem knowledge, leads us to knowledge, leads us rccognize the agreement between the fwq as has beenrecognize the agreement between the two, as has beenalready noted repeated occasions. makes us deemalready noted on repeated occasions. It makes us deem it a manquite unthinkable for a man of Muhammads time to have Muhammads havebeen such statements, accountbeen the author of such statements, on account of the state ofstate day. Such considerationsareknowledge in his day. Such considerations are part of whatgives the Quranic Revelation its unique place, and forces thegives Revelation place, forces theimpartial scientist to admit his inability to provide an scientist inabilityexplanation which calls solely upon materialistic reasoning.explanation calls solely materialistic reasoning: The4. Annie Besant in The Life and Teachings of Mohammad,4. Besant Teachingssaid: It is impossible for anyone who studies the life andsaid: It impossible anyone studies the andcharacter of the great Prophet of Arabia, who knew how hecharacter Prophet Arabia, howtaught and how he lived, to feel anything but reverencefortaught lived, feel anything reverencethe mighty Prophet, one of the great messengers of the mighty Prophet, messengersSupreme.And although in what I put to you I shall say manySupreme. although I 1 shall saythings which may be familiar to many, yet I myself feel,things be familiar many, I myself feel, 58 58
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah AMuhammad, the Messenger Allah &whenever I reread them, a new way of admiration, a newwhenever reread them, a a teacher.sense of reverence for that mighty Arabian teacher.sense reverence History the Islamic Peoples said:5. Dr. Gustav Weil in History of the Islamic Peoples said:5. GustavMuhammad was a shining example to his people. HisMuhammad was a example people. house, dress,character was pure and stainless. His house, his dress, hischaracter was stainless.food -they were characterized a rarefood -they were characterized by a rare simplicity. So Sounpretentious was he he receiveunpretentious was he that he would receive from hiscompanions special reverence,companions no special mark of reverence, nor would he he slave heaccept any service from his slave which he could do foraccept service was accessible all at all times. to visited thehimself. He was accessible to all at all times. He visited thehimself.sick and was sympathy for all. Unlimited was hissick and was full of sympathy for all. Unlimited was his generosity as also was anxious carebenevolence and generosity as also was his anxious care forbenevolencethe welfare of the community.the the Muhammad was6. Maurice Gaudefroysaid:6. Maurice Gaudefroy said: Muhammad was a prophet, not a a prophet, atheologian, a fact so one loath state Thetheologian, a fact so evident that one is loath to state it. The surrounded and constitutedthe influential elitemen who surrounded him and constituted the influential elitemen community, contented themselvesof the primate Muslim community, contented themselves the primate that he had proclaimed the namewith obeying the law that he had proclaimed in the name of obeying the following his teachingand example.6Allah and with following his teaching and example.6 and7. Washington lrving, said: His triumphs awakened7. Washington Irving, said: His military triumphs awakened pride vain glory as they have done had theyno pride nor vain glory as they would have done had theybeen effected selfish purposes. the time his greatestbeen effected by selfish purposes. In the time of his greatestpower he maintained the same simplicity manner andpower he maintained the same simplicity of manner andappearanceas the days of his adversity. So far fromappearance as in the days of his adversity. So far fromaffectingregal state,he was displeased on enteringa room, if,affecting regal state, he was displeased if, on entering a room, was shown to him.any unusual testimonial of respect was shown to him.any unusual testimonial respect Dufferin said: It is to Mussulman science,to8. Marquis of Dufferin said: It is to Mussulman science, to8. MarquisMussulman art, and to Mussulmanliterafure that Europe hasMussulman art, and to Mussulman literature that Europe has6Encyclopedia of Seerah, for Afzalur-Rahman6 Encyclopedia Seerah, Afzalur-Rahman 59 59
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah .If;Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & ofbeen in a great measure indebted for its extrication from thebeen a gteat measure indebted extrication thedarkness of the Middle Ages.7darkness the Ages.z?ibid.7 ibid. 60 60
  • Muhammad, the Messengerof Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger of If; Prophet ll:The Wives of the Prophet6: After the death of his first wife, Khadeejah, with whom After first wife, Khadeejah, with whomAllah is pleased, the Prophet 6 married eleven women; allAllah pleased, If; elevenwere divorcees, except for Aishah, with whom Allah is divorcees, except Aishah, with whom Allahpleased. Six of his wives were from the tribe of Qurais[ andpleased. Quraish,five were from different Arabian tribes, and one was from the tribes, oneCoptic Christians in Egypt. She was the mother of Ibraheem. Christians Egypt. She was Ibraheem.The Prophet If; said: 6 said: If If you own a Coptic Christian, treat them kindly for own kindly between us is a pledge and relationship. (Abdurrazaaq (Abdurrazaaq ir932s) #19325) The Prophet If; married these women for a number of The Prophet 6 these areasons:reasons:1. Religious and legislative purpose:The ProphetiF married1. Religious and legislative purpose: The Prophet If; married is pleased. TheZainab b. Jahsh, with whom Allah is pleased. The Arabs inZainab b. Jahsh, with a man thethe Era of Ignorance would prohibit a man from marrying thethe Era Ignorance the adopted sonwife of his adopted son; they believed that the adopted son adopted son; they believedwas a mans actual son aspects.The Prophet 6was like a mans actual son in all aspects. The Prophet If;married her, although she was previously themarried her, although she was previously the wife of his his is pleased.adopted son, Zaid b. Harithah, with whom Allah is pleased.adopted son, Zaid b. Harithah, 6 married her to abolish this belief.The Messenger of Allah If; married her to abolish this belief.The MessengerAllah, the Exalted, says:Allah, the Exalted,says: (And had shown (And when you said to him to whom Allah had shown you said to to you had shown a favor: keep favor and to whom you had shown a favor: keep your favor and to (your to) Allah; wife to yourself and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; to yourself and be careful concealed your soul what and you concealed in your soul what Allah would bring and to and you feared men, and had a greater to light, and you feared men, and Allah had a greater that you should fear Him. But when Zaid had right that you should fear Him. But when Zaid had her, We gave have her to you accomplished his want of her, We gave have her to you accomplishedhis want there should be no for the as a wife, so that there should be no difficulty for the as a so that 61l 6
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah i3Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons, believers respect the sons, when they have accomplished their want of them; and when have accomplished Allahs command shall be fulfilled..) (33:37) Allahs command be fulfilled..) (ss:sz)2. Political reasons and for the sake of Vawah, and to invite 2. Political reasonsand the sake Dawah, invitepeople to Islam, and to gain the favor of the Arab tribes: The people to Islam, and to the fiavor the tribes: TheMessenger of Allah i3 married women from the largest and Messengerof S married the largest andstrongest Arab tribes. The Prophet i3 ordered his strongest tribes. The Prophet 6 orderedCompanions, with whom Allah is pleased, to do this as well. Companions, is pleased, asThe Prophet i3 said to Abdurrahmaan b. Auf, with whom The Prophet 6 said Abdurrahmaan b. withAllah is pleased: Allah is pleased: If (i.e. accept Islam) they obey If they obey you (Le. accept Islam) then marry the daughter the head the tribe. daughter of the head of the tribe. Some Dr. Cahan said: Dr. Cahan said: Some of the aspects of his life may seem the aspects his life seemconfusing us due to presentconfusing to us due to present day mentality. The Messenger mentality. The Messengeris criticized due to his obsession attainingis criticized due to his obsession of attaining worldly desires desiresand his nine wives, he married after the deathand his nine wives, whom he married after the death of hiswife Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased.It has beenwife Khadeejah, pleased. has beenconfirmed mostconfirmed that most of these marriages were for political these marriages werereasons, were aimed to gain loyaltyreasons, which were aimed to gain loyalty of some nobles, some nobles,and tribes.and tribes.3. Social reasons: The Prophet i3 married some of his3. Social reasons: The Prophet 6 married someCompanions wives had died, JihadCompanions wives who had died, in Jihad or while givingDawah. He married them even though they were older thanDawah. He married them even though they were older thanhim, and hehim, and he did so to honor them and their husbands. so to honor them and their husbands. Veccia Vaglieri her book In Defense Veccia Vaglieri in her book In Defense of Islam said: Islam said:Throughout the yearsThroughout the years of his youttr, Muhammad 6 only his youth, Muhammad ~married one woman, even though the sexualityof man is atmarried one woman, even though the sexualityits peak during this period. Although he lived in the societyits peak this period. Although he the societyhe lived in, wherein plural marriage was considered thehe lived in, wherein plural marriage was considered thegeneral rule, and divorce was very easy- he only married onegeneralrule, and divorce was very easy - he married one 62 62
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &woman, she was than was awoman, although she was older than him. He was a faithfulhusband to her for twenty-five years, and did not marryh.usband years, andanother woman, except after her death. He at that time wasanother except after her death. was thereafterfifty years old. He married each of his wives thereafter for a years each a hesocial, or political purpose; such that he wanted to honor thesocial, purpose; such the women, the certain tribes sopious women, or wanted the loyalty of certain tribes so thatIslam would spread amongst them. All the wivesIslam spread amongst them. the wivesMuhammad A married were not virgin, nor were they young iF were wereor beautiful; except for Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased. beautiful; exceptfor Aishah, is pleased.So how can anyone claim that he was a lustful man? He was aSo can anyoneclaim that he was a lustful man? was aman a god. have a son may have also leadman not a god. His wish to have a son may have also leadhim to marry; for the children that he had from Khadeejah all the he had Khadeejahdied. Moreover, who undertook the financial responsibilitiesdied. Moreover, undertook the financial responsibilitiesof his large family, without having large resources. He was his large family, having large resources. wasjust and fair towards them all and did not differentiatejust and fair towards them all and differentiatebetween them at all. He followed the practice of previousbetween them at all. followed the practice previous one objectedto their pluralProphets such as Musa, whom no one objected to their pluralProphetssuch as Musa,marriage. Is the reason why people object to the pluralmarriage. Is the reason people object to the pluralmarriage of Muhammad A the fact that we know the minutemarriage Muhammad S the fact that the minutedetails of his life, and know so little of the details of the livesdetails his life, and so little the details the livesof the Prophets before him? the Prophetsbeforehim? Mahomet Thomas Carlyle said: Mahomet himself, after all that can be ThomasCarlyle said: himself,after ali that can besaid about him, was not a sensual man. We shall err widely ifsaid about him, was not a sensualman. We shall err considerthis man as a common voluptuary, intent mainlywe consider this man as a common voluptuary, intent mainlyon base enjoyments,--nay on enjoyments of any kind.8on baseenjoyments,--nay enjoyments any kind.8 on8 Heroes, Hero-Worship8Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History and the Heroic in History 63 63
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ,.Muhammail, Messenger Allah& the ofTextual Proofs which support the Prophethood ofTextual Proofs which support the ProphethoodMuhammad.:Muhammad 6:Proofsfrom the Quran:Proofs from the Quran:1. Allah, the Exalted, says:1. Allatu the Exalted, says: (Muhammad is not the father of any of (Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but men, (he is) the Messenger of (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the last of the and the the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.) Prophets: and Allah has full (33:40) (33:40)2. Eesa6 gave the glad2. Eesa • gave the glad tidings of Prophet Muhammad in the ProphetGospel. the Exalted, says:Gospel. Allah, the Exalted, says: (And remember, Jesus, the son (And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "0said: "O Israel! am the Messenger (sent) Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah (sent) to confirming you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and came) giving Tidings giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, a Messenger come me, whose name shall be Ahmad." whose name shall be Ahmad." But when he came to came with This them with Clear Signs they said, This is evident Signs evident sorcery!) 1ot:s; sorcery!) (61:6)Proofs from Sunnah:Proofs from the Sunnah:The Prophet 6 said:The Prophet" said: My example My example and the exampleof the Ptophetsbefore me example Prophets like is like a man who built a house, which he built and built house, built perfected except for the space of one block; people perfected except space one people would go round the house and stare in awe at its house stare in perfection and say, had it not been for this space!The perfection say, had it been space! Prophet 6 said: I am that brick, I am the last of Prophet • said: I I of Prophets. (Bukhari s3342) Prophets. (Bukhari #3342) 64 64
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah AMuhammad,theMessenger Allah #Previous Scriptures:Previous Scriptures: I Ataa b. Yasaar, with whom Allah is pleased, said: I met Yasaar, with whom Allah pleased,Abdullah b. Amr b. al-Aas, with whom Allah is pleased, and 1Abdullah Amr al-Aas, with whom Allah pleased, Iasked him: him: Tell Tell me about the description of the Messenger of Allah Allah about description Messenger He A in the Torah. He said: He is described in the Torah 6 said: described We with some of what he is described in the Quran; We have with what Quran; indeed sent you as a witness (over mankind) and one who as mankind) who gives glad-tidings, and warns others, and one who wams others, who protects and safeguards the commoners. You are My slave safeguards are My slave and Messenger; 1 called you Mutawakkil (The Trusted I Mutawaktil Trusted One). You are neither ill-mannered nor rude, nor do you are ill-mannered nor raise your voice. You do not pay evil with evil; rather, you your voice. with you forgive and pardon. 1 will not collect his soul until 1 guide I will until I There the nations, and until they say, There is no true god until say, worthy of being worshipped except Allah alone and until worthy being worshipped AIIah until they clearly see the Truth. see Ata, with whom Allah is pleased, said: 1 met Kab, the with whom Allah pleased, said: I Rabbi, and asked him about this narration, and he did not asked him did differ with Abdullah b. Amr b. Al-Aas, with whom Allah differ with Abdullah b. Amr with whom Allah is pleased, except for a minor difference in the wording of pleased, except minor wording the narration. (Baihaqi #13079) (Baihaqi #13079) but Abdul-Ahad Dawud, said: but 1 have tried to base my Abdul-Ahad Dawud, said: I base myarguments on portions of the Bible which hardly allow of any portions which hardly allowlinguistic dispute. I would not go to Latin, Greek, or Aramaic,linguistic would Greek,for that would be useless: 1 just give the following quotation would useless: I following quotationin the very words of the Revised Version as published by the words Revised asBritish and Foreign Bible Society.British Society. We read the following words in the Book of Deuteronomy following words Deuteronomychapter xviii. verse 18: "I will raise them up a prophet from verse 18: will raise prophet 65 65
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah&)Muhammad, the Messenger Allah & ofamong their brethren, like unto thee; and I will put my wordsamong their brethrery thee; and willin his mouth." If these words do not apply to Prophetin his mouth." If these words do ProphetMuhammad, they still remain unfulfilled. Prophet JesusMuhammad, they remain Prophet Jesushimself never claimed to be the Prophet alluded to. Even hishimself never claimed to be the Prophet to. Evendisciples were of the same opinion: they looked to the seconddisciples were the same opinion: looked the secondcoming of Jesus for the fulfillment of the prophecy. So far it iscoming of Jesusfor the the prophecy. Soundisputed that the first coming of Jesus was not the adventundisputed the coming Jesuswas the the "prophetof the "prophet like unto thee," and his second advent can thee," and second canhardly fulfill the words. Jesus, as is believed by his Church, fulfill the words. Jesus,as is believed Church,will appear as a Judge and not as a law-giver; but the appear as a Judge and as apromised one has to comepromised one has to come with a "fiery law" in "his right ahand."hand." ascertaining the personality the promised In ascertaining the personality of the promised prophet theother prophecy of Moses is, however, very helpful where it other prophery Moses is, however, speaks the shiningspeaks of the shining forth of God from Paran, the mountain God Paran, the Mecca. Theof Mecca. The words in the Book of Deuteronomy, chapter the Book Deuteronomy, chapter verse 2, as follows: "Thexxxiii. verse 2, run as follows: "The Lord came from Sinai, and came Sinai, rose Seir them; he shinedrose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came ten thousandsParan, and he came with ten thousands of saints; from his saints; hand a them."right hand went a fiery law for them." these the has been compared with In these words the Lord has been compared with the sun. sun. comes Sinai, he risesHe comes from Sinai, he rises from Seir, but he shines in his Seir, shines Paran, where hefull glory from Paran, where he had to appear with ten appear withthousands saints with athousands of saints with a fiery law in his right hand. None of hand.the Israelites, Iesus,hadthe Israelites, including Jesus, had anything to do with Paran. with Paran.Hagar, her son Ishmael,wandered the wildernessHagar, with her son Ishmael, wandered in the wildemess ofBeersheba, afterwardsBeersheba, who afterwards dwelt in the wildemess of Paran the wilderness Paran(Gen. xxi. 21).(Gen. xxi. 21). He married an Egyptian woman, and through an Egyptianhis first-bom, Kedar, gave descenthis first-born, Kedar, gave descent to the Arabs who from that who till are the dwellers the wilderness Paran. Andtime till now are the dwellers of the wildemess of Paran. And Prophet Muhammad admittedlyif Prophet Muhammad admittedly on all hands traces his hands traces 66 66
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah WMuhammad, the Messenger of Allah. ofdescent to Ishmael through Kedar and he appeared as adescent to Ishmael through Kedar and he appeared as aprophet in the wilderness of Paran and reentered Mecca withprophet in wildemess of and withten thousand saints and gave a fiery law to his people, is not thousand saints and gave a fiery law isthe prophecy above-mentioned fulfilled to its very letter? prophecy above-mentioned fulfilled its letter? The words of the prophecy in Habakkuk are especially The words of prophery in Habakkuk are especiallynoteworthy. (the Holy One fromnoteworthy. His (the Holy One from Paran) glory covered the glory coveredheavens and the earth was full of his praise. The word full word"praise" is very significant, as the very name Muhammad very significant, as very Muhammadliterally means "the praised one." Besides the Arabs, theliterally one." Besidesinhabitants of the wilderness of Paran had also been wildemess Paran also beenpromised a Revelation: "Let the wilderness and the citiespromised a Revelation: citiesthereof liftthereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: their villages that Kedar doth inhabit:let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the inhabitants shout fromtop of the mountains. Let them give glory unto the Lord, and mountains. them glory unto Lord,declare His praise in the islands. The Lord shall go forth as a islands. Lord asmighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war, hemightyshall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies" yea, prevail enemies"(Isaiah).(Isaiah). In connection with it there are two other prophecies worthy connection with two other prophecies worthy where referencesof note where references have been made to Kedar. The oneruns thus in chapter Ix. of Isaiah: "Arise, shine for thy light is 1x. Isaiah: thy lightcome, and the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee ... Thecome, glory Lord upon ...multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries ofmultitude thee, dromedariesMidian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come.. All theMidian Sheba come.. Allflocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams Kedar unto thee,of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up withof Nebaioth minister unto thee: up withacceptance mine I will glorifyacceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my of myglory" Q-7). The other prophecy is again in Isaiah "The (1-7). prophecy inburden upon Arabiaburden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O 0ye travelling companies of Dedanim. The inhabitants of the companies inhabitants ofland of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, theyland of brought water him thirsty, they 67 67
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &prevented with their bread him that fled. For they fled fromprevented with their him fromthe swords and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness swords from from grievousnessof war. For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, Lord unto Within a year,according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory ofaccording hireling, gloryKedar shall fail: And the residue of the number of archers, theKedar And number archergmighty of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished" Readmighty children diminished"these prophecies in Isaiah in the light of one in Deuteronomythese prophecies light Deuteronomywhich speaks of the shining forth of God from Paran.which shining forth from If Ishmael inhabited the wilderness of Paran, where he gave If Ishmael inhabited wildemess wherebirth to Kedar, who is the ancestor of the Arabs; and if thebirth who Arabs;sons of Kedar had to receive revelation from God; if the flocks Kedar revelation fromof Kedar had to corne up with acceptance to a Divine altar to come with acceptance Divineglorify "the house of my glory" where the darkness had toglorify my glory" where darknesscover the earth for some centuries, and then that very land earth that very landhad to receive light from God; and if all the glory of Kedar receive light gloryhad to fail and the number of archers, the mighty men of the number mighty menchildren of Kedar, had to diminish within a year after the onechildren of Kedar, diminish within year after swords from bent bows -fled from the swords and from the bent bows - the Holy One from Holy Onefrom Paran (Habakkuk iii 3 ) is no one else than Prophetfrom (Habakkuk ) elseMuhammad. Prophet Muhammad is the holy offspring ofMuhammad. Muhammad holy offspringIshmael through Kedar, who settled in the wilderness of through who wildemessParan. Muhammad is the only Prophet through whom theParan. Muhammad through whomArabs received revelation at the time when the darkness hadArabs received revelation time when darknesscovered the earth.covered Through him God shone from Paran, and Mecca is the only Through him from onlyplace where the House of God is glorified and the flocks of where glorifiedKedar corne with acceptance altar. Prophet MuhammadKedar come with acceptance on its altar. Prophet Muhammad Mecca.was persecuted by his people and had to leave Mecca. He wasthirsty and fled from the drawn sword and the bent bow, andthirsty from drawn sword bow,within flight descendants Kedarwithin a year after his flight the descendants of Kedar meethimhim at Badr, the place of the first battle between the Meccans 68 68
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah ofMuhammad, the Messenger of Allah &* and the Prophet the children of Kedar and their number ofand the Prophet, the children of Kedar and their number of archers and all the glory of Kedar fails. If thearchers diminish and all the glory of Kedar fails. If the Holy Prophet is to be accepted as the fulfillment of all theseProphet is not to be accepted as the fulfillment of all these prophecies they still remain "The house ofprophecies they will still remain unfulfilled. "The house of my referred to Isaiah lX is the house of Godglory" referred to in Isaiah IX is the house of God in Mecca Mecca and the Churchand not the Church of Christ as thought by Christian Christ as thought Christian commentators. The flocks Kedar, as mentioned verse 7,commentators. The flocks of Kedar, as mentioned in verse 7, have never come to the Church Christ; and is a fact thathave never come to the Church of Christ; and it is a fact that the villages Kedar and inhabitants are thethe villages of Kedar and their inhabitants are the only people people the have remained impenetrable anyin the whole world who have remained impenetrable to any influence the Church Christ.influence of the Church of Christ. the 10,000saints Deuteronomy Again, the mention of 10,000 saints in Deuteronomy xxx 3 is is significant. (God) shinedvery significant. He (God) shined forth from Paran, and he Parao and hecame with 10,000 saints. Read thecame with 10,000 of saints. Read the whole history of the thewildemess Paran andwilderness of Paran and you will find no other event but will other event Mecca was conqueredwhen Mecca was conquered by the Prophet. He comes with the Prophet. comes with10,000 and re-enters"the house10,000 followers from Medina and re-enters "the house of my gives theglory." He gives the fiery law to the world, which reduced to reducedashes laws. Theashes all other laws. The Comforter - the Spirit of Truth - thespoken Prophet Jesus wasspoken of by Prophet Jesus was no other than Prophet Prophet himself. cannot be taken as theMuhammad himself. It cannot be taken as the Holy Ghost, asGhos! asthe Church theology says. "It is expedient for you that I go theology says. expedientaway,"saysJesus, "for if I go not away the Comforter will notaway," says Jesus, away the Comforter willcomeunto you, but if I departI will send him unto you."come you, depart send you." The words clearly show that the Comforter had to come The clearly show that the Comforter had comeafter the departure of Jesus,after the departure Jesus, and was not with him when he and was when heuttered these words. Are we to presume that Jesus wasuttered these words. presume that Jesus wasdevoid of the Holy Chost if his coming was conditionalon thedevoid the Ghost coming was conditional thegoing of Jesus:going Jesus: besides,the way in which Jesusdescribes besides, the Jesus describes himmakeshim a human being,not a ghost."He shall not speakofmakes human being, ghost. shall speakhimself, but whatsoeverhe shall hear that he shall speak."himself, whatsoever he shall hear that he shall speak." 69
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. ofMuhammad,the Messenger Allah 6Should we presume that the Holy Ghost and God are twoShould we presume that the Holy Ghost and God are twodistinct entities and that the Holy Ghost speaks of himselfdistinct entities and that the Holy Ghost speaks of himselfand also what he hears from God? The words of fesus clearlyand also what he hears from God? The words of Jesus clearlyrefer to some messengerfrom God. He calls him the Spirit ofrefer to some messenger from God. He calls him the Spirit ofTruth, and so the Koran speaksof Prophet Muhammad, "Nq speaks of "No,indee4 he has brought the truth, and confinned theindeed, brought truth, confirmedMessengers." Ch.37:37 e "Messengers. Ch.37237 9From the Gospel:From the Gospel: Jesus ~ said: God fesus &H said: God shall take me uP from the earth, and take up earth,shall change the appearanceof the traitor so that every one change appearance oneshall believe him to be me; neverthelesswhen he dieth an evilshall believe be me; neverthelessdeattu I shall abide in that dishonor for a long time in thedeath, abide dishonor Mohammed shall come, the sacredworld. But when Mohammed shall come, the sacred shall be taken away. (Themessenger of God, that infamy shall be taken away. (Themessenger God,Gospel of Barnabas, Chapter 112)Gospel Barnabas, 112) Adam, sPrung uP uPon feet saw He further said: Adam, having sprung up upon his feet saw said: There the a writing shone said:in the air a writing that shone like the sun, which said: There the sun, one God, and Mohammed is the messenger God.is only one God, and Mohammed is the messenger of God.isThen with fatherly affection the first man kissed those words,Then with fatherly affection the first man kissed those words,and rubbed his eyes and said: "Blessedbe that when thouand rubbed his eyes and said: "Blessed be that day when thou to the world." (TheGospel Barnabas, Chapter39)shalt come to the world." (The Gospel of Barnabas, Chapter 39)shalt come of9e Muhammad Muhammad in the Bible, Abdul-Ahad Dawud. in the Bible, Abdul-Ahad Dawud. 70 70
  • Muhammail, MesxngerofAllah &Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. theIntellectual proofs which support the ProphethoodIntellectual proofs which support the Prophethoodof the Messenger of Allahof the Messenger1. The Prophet. was unlettered. He did not know how to1. The Prophet S was unlettered. .!read or write. He lived among a people who were unletteredread or write. He lived among a people unletteredas well. Therefore one cannot claim that the Quran wasas well. Therefore one cannot the Quran wasauthored by Muhammad l$! Allah, the Exalted, says:authored Muhamrnad says: (,lnd (And you did not recite any Book before it, nor did recite you write one with your right hand; in that case the you one with hand case liars would have doubted.) (61:6) liars would have (oro)2. The Arabs were challenged to bring forth something2. The were challenged bringsinilarsimilar to the Quran, and they were unable to do so! The and so! Thebeauty, structure and deep meaningsbeauty, structure and deep meanings of the Quran amazed amazedthe Arabs. fhsthe Arabs. The Quran is the everlasting miracle of is the everlasting jD. The Messenger Allah 6 said:Muhammad •. The Messenger of Allah. said: The Prophets (before Muhammad C) The miracles of the Prophets (before Muharnmad .) were confined to their times. The miracle I have been tiures. niracle given is the Quran, which is everlasting; therefore, I everlasting hope to have the most followers. (Bukhari 4598) @ukhari 4598) Even people were eloquent Even though his people were eloquent and well known for known awesome poetry,their awesome poetry, Allah challenged them to produce challengedsimilar to the Quran, but they couldnt. Allah then challenged couldnt. Allah challengedthem to produce chaptersimilarthem to produce a chapter similar to it, and they couldnt. and they couldnt. says: Allah says: (And if (And if you are in doubt as to what We have sent are in as what down to Our slave, then produce a chapter like it, slave, produce chapter like and call upon your helpers beside Allah, if you are helpers beside if are truthful.) (z:z:) truthful.) (2:23) 71 71
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah !illMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W Allah challenges mankind at large to bring forth similar to challenges at largethe Quran. Allah says:the Quran. says: (Say, if mankind (Say, if mankind and the Jinn gathered together to the Jinn gathered produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce like the like thereof, even though they should help one like thereof, even (tz8s) another.) (17:88)3. The Prophet !ill continued preaching and calling people to3. 6 preachingIslam, even though he faced many hardships and was even faced was people, were plotting kill Yetconfronted by his people, who were plotting to kill him. Yetthe Prophet !ill continued preaching, and was patient. If hethe Prophet liF continued preaching and was patient. he imposter - he stop preaching and would havewas an imposter - he would stop preaching and would havewasfeared for his life.feared life. His readiness W. Montgomery Watt said: His readiness to undergo said:persecution for his beliefs, the high moral character of thepersecution beliefs, the character themen who believed in him and looked up to him as a leader,men believed and looked as a leader,and the greatness of his ultimate achievement - all argue hisand the greatness achievement arguefundamental integrity. To suppose Muhammad an impostorfundamental supposeraises more problems that it solves. Moreover, none of theraises more problems solves. Moreover, none thegreat figures of history is so poorly appreciated in the West asgreat figures so appreciated the West asMuhammad.... Thus, not merely must we credit MuhammadMuhammad....Thus, merely must credit Muhammadwith essential honesty and integrity of purpose, if we are towith essentialhonesty and purpose, areunderstand him at all; if we are to correct the errors we haveunderstand all; are correct the errors haveinherited from the past, we must not forget the conclusive the past, must forget the conclusive is aproof is a much stricter requirement than a show of stricter requirement than aplausibility, andplausibility, and in a matter such as this only to be attained a matter such as this to be attainedwith difficulty. difficulty.4. Every person loves the ornaments and beauties4. Every person loves the ornaments and beauties of thislife, and would be swayed by these things. Allah, and be swayed these things. Allah,Exalted, says:Exalted,says: 12 72
  • Muhammad,the Messenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah $ of (Beautified for men is the love of desired things - (Beautified for men is the love of desired things - women and children, and stored-up heaps of gold and women and children, and stored-up heaps of gold and silver, and pastured horses and cattle and crops. That is silver, and horses and cattle and crops. That is the provision of the provision of the present life; but it is Allah with present life; it is Allah with Whom is an excellent abode.) (3:14) Whom is an excellent abode.) 1a:t+; his nature, is keen in acquiring omaments and Man, by his nature, is keen in acquiring ornaments andbeauties of this world. People differ in the method they use tobeauties People useacquire these things. Some would resort to using lawful these Some would lawfulmeans to gain these things, while others would resort to usingmeans these things, while others wouldunlawful means to acquire these things.unlawful these If this is known (you should know that) Quraish tried to If known know Quraishpersuade the Prophet ~ to stop calling people to Islam. They 6told him that they would make him the master of Quraish, him would him Quraish, marry himand marry him to the most beautiful women, and make him the himthe most affluent man amongst them. He responded to these them. thesetempting offers, saying:tempting offers, saying: By By Allah, if they place the sun in my right hand, and the Allah, if in my right moon in my left hand to leave this matter, I would not moon in my left hand would not leave it, until Allah makes it apparent, or I am killed until Allah it killed calling people to it. (Ibn Hisham) calling people ltun Hisham) Prophet ~ impostor would accepted Were the Prophet 49 an impostor he would have accepted withoutthis offer without hesitation. They Thomas Carlyle, said: They called him a prophet, you say? Thomas him you say?Why,44ry, he stood there face to face with them, here, not stood face face with them, notenshrined visibly clouting ownenshrined in any mystery, visibly clouting his own cloak,cobbling own shoes, fighting, ordering incobbling his own shoes, fighting, counseling ordering in themidst of must seen what kind of manmidst of them. They must have seen what kind of a man hewas, him called like. No withwas, let him be called what ye like. No emperor with histiaras obeyed as cloak own clouting.tiaras was obeyed as this man in a cloak of his own clouting. 73 73
  • Muhammad, theMessenger of the ofAllah ..Muhammad, Messenger AllahWDuring three and twenty ears of rough, actual trial, I findDuring twenty ears of rough, trial, I findsomething of a veritable hero necessary that of itself.lo veritable necessary for itself. 105. It is well known that subiects and wealth of a kingdom5. It well known subjects of kingdomare subjected to the will of the king and his service. As forare will king, service.Muhammad {F he knew that this life was a transitory stage.Muhammad" stage.Ibraheem b. Alqamah, with whom Allah is pleased,said thatIbraheem with Allah pleased,Abdullah said: The Prophet 6Abdullah said: The Prophet .. lay down on a straw mat side, so said: O Messengerwhich had marked his side, so I said: 0 Messengerof Allah!I ransom you with my mother and father! Allow us to put ransom with father! Allow putbedding on this mat that you lay on, so your side would not on, so wouldbe affectedand marked.TheProphet6 said:be affected and marked. The Prophet" said: My example rest My example in this life is like a rider who took rest life like a under the shade of a tree then continued on his shade a tree (lbnMajah f4109) journey. (Ibn Majah #4109) iourney. pleased, said: An-Numan b. Basheer, with whom Allah is pleased, said: An-Numan b. Basheer,withI saw yout Prophet eI saw your Prophet. (during a time) when he was not aable to even find low quality dates to fill his stomach.able even find quality dates fill stomach. (Muslim f2977) (Muslim #2977) The Abu Hurairah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: The Hurairah, whom is pleased, said: Allah (F never filled threeMessenger of Allah .. never filled his stomach for threeMessenger stomach death. (Bukhari 15059)consecutive days until his death. (Bukhari #5059)consecutive days until the Arabian Peninsula was his control, Even though the Arabian Peninsula was under his control, Even goodness for its people, theand he was the source of goodness for its people, theand he was the sourceProphet S at some times food sufficeProphet" would at some times not find food to suffice him.His wife, Aishah, whom Allah is pleased, said that theHis wife, Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, said that theProphet 6 bought some food from a Jew (and agreedto payProphet" bought some food from a Jew (and agreed to pay at a later time) and he gavehim his armor as collateral.him at a later time) and he gave him his armor as collateral. (Bukhari f208E) (Bukhari #2088) r0Heroes,10Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History 74 74
  • Muhammad,theMessengaof Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. This does not mean that he could not obtain what he This does not mean that he could not obtain what hewanted; for the moneys and wealth be placed frontwanted; for the moneys and wealth would be placed in frontof his Masjid, and heof him in his Masjid, and he would not move from his spot, move from his spot, he distributed amongst the poor and needy.until he distributed it amongst the poor and needy. Amonghis Companions were those were and affluent -his Companions were those who were wealthy and affluent -they rush to serve and givethey would rush to serve him and would give up the most the mostvaluable things The reason the Prophet 6valuable of things for him. The reason the Prophet •renounced the riches thisrenounced the riches of this world, was because he knew the was becausehe the life. He said: The likeness thisreality of this life. He said: The likeness of this world to thetheHereafter, is a person dipped his finger the oceanHereafter, is like a person who dipped his finger in the ocean- let see retum. (Muslim- let him see what would return. (Muslim #2858) #2858) Reverend Bosworth Reverend Bosworth Smith said: said: - If ever a man ruled by a ever a man a was Muhammad, he hadright divine, it was Muhammad, for he had all the powers the powerswithout supports. cared the dressingswithout their supports. He cared not for the dressings ofpower. The simplicity his private life was keepingpower. The simplicity of his private life was in keeping withhis public life.11his public life.ll6. Certain incidents would befall the Prophet of Allah ~6. Certain incidents befall the Prophet 6 need clarification,and hewhich would need clarification, and he would not be able to be able anything because he receiverevelationregardingdo anything because he did not receive revelation regardingit. this period (i.e. between the incident andit. During this period (Le. between the incident andrevelation)he be exhausted.revelation) he would be exhausted. One such incident is the One such incident is theincident of 1f1c1 wherein the Prophetswife Aishah, withincident IVtz wherein the Prophets Aishah,whom Allah is pleased,was accusedof being treacherous. is pleased, was accused being treacherous,The Prophet 6 did not receive revelation conceming thisThe Prophet ~ receive revelation concerning thisincident for one month; during which his enemiestalked illincident one month; which his enemies talkedof him, until revelation was revealedand the innocenceof revelation was revealed and the innocenceAishah was declared, Were the Prophet ~ an imposter heAishah was declared.Were the Prophet s an imposter he1r Muhammad and Muhammadanism11 Muhammad and Muhammadanism12i.e. The incident wherein the hypocrites falsely accused Aishah12 i.e. incident wherein hypocrites Aishah,with w h o m A l l a h iis p l e a s e d , o f b e i n g u n c h a s t e .w r t h whom Allah s pleased, of being unchaste. 15 7S
  • Muhammad, the Messen~er ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenxer AIIah & ofwould have resolved this incident the minute it came about. have resolved incident the came about.Allah says: says: (Nor does (Nor does he speak out of desire.) (53:3) speak desire.) 1ss:s;7. The Prophet. did not ask people to adulate him. On the7. The Prophet 6 ask people adulate the be pleased a personcontrary, the Prophet • would not be pleased if a personcontrary, the Prophet 6adulated him in any way. Anas, with whom Allah isadulated any way. Anas, with said: There was more beloved thepleased, said: There was no individual more beloved to thepleased, said: IfCompanions than the Messenger of Allah. He said: If theyCompanions than the Messengersaw him, they would not stand up for him, because theysaw would stand because disliked that. (Tirmidth1t2754)knew he disliked that. (Tirmidthi #2754) His Washington Irvin~ said: His military triumphs awakened Washington Irving said: awakenedno pride nor vain glory as they would have done had they as they have donebeen effected by selfish purposes. In the time of his greatestbeen effected selfish purposes. the greatestpower he maintained the same simplicity of manner andpower he maintained the same simplicity manner andappearance as in the days of his adversity. So far fromappearance as the days adversity. Soaffecting regal state, he was displeased if, on entering aaffecting regal state, he was displeased entering a unusual testimonial respectwasroom, any unusual testimonial of respect was shown to him.room,8. Some verses from the Quran were revealed in which the8. Some verses the Quran were revealed theProphet • was blamed and admonished, due to someProphet 6 was blamed and admonished, due someincident or happening; such as:incident happening;suchas: a. The words of Allah, the Exalted: a. The words Allah, the Exalted: (O Prophet! (0 Prophet! Why do you forbid (for yourself) that yourself) which Allah has allowed to you, seeking to please your has allowed to you, seeking please wives? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) wives? Oft-Forgiving, (65:1 (66:1) ) The Prophet ~ abstained from eating honey, due to the {i abstainedbehavior of some of his wives. Allah then admonished him Allah admonished himbecause he forbade upon himself what Allah deemed lawful.becausehe forbade deemed b. Allah, the Exalted, says: b. Exalted, says: 76 76
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ..Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 of (May Allah (O (May Allah forgive you (0 Muhammad). Why did you grant them leave (for remaining behind; you should leave have persisted as regards have persisted as regards your order to them to proceed proceed Jihad) until those on Jihad) until those who told the truth were seen by the were seen a clear and you in a clear light, and you had known the liars?) had known the (9:43) (9:43) admonished the Prophet S because he Allah admonished the Prophet • because he quicklyaccepted the false excuses the hypocritesaccepted the false excuses of the hypocrites who lagged laggedbehind in the Battle of Tabuk. He forgave them and accepted the Battle Tabuk. forgave them and acceptedtheir excuses, without verifying them. excuses, without them. c. Allah, the Exalted,says: e. Allah, the Exalted, says: (It a Prophet that he should have prisoners (It is not for a Prophet that he should have prisoners of free war (and free them with ransom) until he had made a with ransom) until he made a great (among great slaughter (among his enemies) in the land. You enemies) the You desire good desire the good of this world, but Allah desires for you Allah desires the Hereafter. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.) Hereafter. Allah All-Mighty, All-Wise.) (8:67) (8:67) d. Allah, the Exalted, says: d. Allah, the Exalted,says: (Not (O Muhammad, (Not for you (0 Muhammad, but for Allah) is the the decision; decision; whether He turns in mercy, to (pardon) them mercy, or punishes them; verily, they are the wrong-doers.) them; are (3:128) (3:128) e. Allah, the Exalted,says: e. Allah, the Exalted, says: (The Prophet frowned and turned away. Because there Prophet frowned and turned away. Becausethere came the blind man. can came to him the blind man. And How can you know that he might become pure from sins? Or he might become sins? receive admonition, and the admonition might profit receive admonition, and the him?) (ao,t-l) (80:1-4) 77 77
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammail,theMessenger Allah W of Abdullah b. Umm Maktoom, who was blind, came to the Abdullah cameProphet • while he was preaching to one or some of theProphet 6 preaching one someQuraish leaders, and the Prophet & frowned and tumedQuraish leaders, the Prophet • turnedaway - and Allah admonished him on accountof that.away admonished account Therefore, were the Prophet & an imposter, these ayat Therefore, Prophet • imposter, thesewould not be found in the Quran.would be Quran. One Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall said: One day when Pickthall said:the Prophet was in conversation with one of the great men ofthe Prophet was conversationwith one greatQureysh, seeking to persuade him of the truth of Al-Islam, aQureysh, seeking persuade the AI-Islam,blind man came and asked him a question concerning the came and asked a question concemingfaith. The Prophet was annoyed at the interruption, frownedfaith. The Prophet was annoyed theand turned away from the blind man. In this Surah he is toldand tumed the man. Surahthat a mans importance is not to be judged from his a mans importance is beappearance or worldly station.13appearance worldly station.r39. One of the sure signs of his Prophethood is found in the9. One the sure signs ProphethoodChapter of.Lahab(chapter 111) the Quran.Chapter of Lahab (chapter 111) in the Quran. In it Allah, the AUab Lahab (the Prophets unde)Exalted, condemned Abu Lahab (the Prophets uncle) to theExalted, condemned This chapter was revealed thetorment of Hell. This chapter was revealed during the earlystages his Dawah (call Islam). Were the Prophet 6stages of his Dawah (call to Islam). Were the Prophet. an issuea this; since uncleimposter he would not issue a ruling like this; since his uncleimposter he acceptIslam afterwards!might accept Islam afterwards! says: For example, the Prophet {F Dr. Gary Miller says: For example, the Prophet. had an Dr. Gary the name Lahab. This man hated Islamuncle by the name of Abu Lahab. This man hated Islam tounclesuch an extent that he used the Prophetsuch an extent that he used to follow the Prophet around inorder to discredit Lahab saw the Prophet 6order to discredit him. If Abu Lahab saw the Prophet •speaking to a stranger, he they parted andspeaking to a stranger, he would wait until they parted and Whatthen would go back to the stranger and askthen would go back to the stranger and ask him, What didhe tell you? he say black? Well, its white. he sayhe tell you? Did he say black? Well, its white. Did he sayt3The Glorious Quran pg. 685J3The Glorious pg. 685 78 78
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & oJMoming? Well,Morning? Well, its night. He faithfully said the exact faithfully said the exactopposite of whatever he heard Muhammad • say.opposite whatever he heard & say.However, about ten years before Abu Lahab died a littleHowever, years a littlechapter in the Quran was revealed to him. It distinctlychapter the was revealedstated he the Fire (i.e.stated that he would go to the Fire (i.e. Hell). In other words, words, never become a Muslim andit affirmed that he would never become a Muslim and hewould therefore be condemned forever. For ten years allwould therefore be condemned forever. ten years IAbu Lahab had to do was say, I heard that it has been Lahab was say, heard has beenrevealed to Muhammad that I will never change - that I willrevealed will never change willnever become a Muslim and will enter the Hellfire. Well Inever become a and will enter the become awant to become a Muslim now. How do you like that? What that?do you think of your divine revelation now? But he never revelation now? he neverdid that. And yet, that is exactly the kind of behavior one that. yet, is exactly the behavior onewould have expected from him since he always sought to have expected shce he always soughtcontradict Islam. In essence, Muhammad • said: You hatecontradict Islam. essence, You 6 said: hatememe and you want to finish me? Here, say these words, and I me? Here, say these andam finished. Come on, say them!am finished. Come on, say them! But Abu Lahab never said Lahab never saidthem. Ten years!them. Ten years! And in all that time he never accepted he never acceptedIslam or even became sympathetic to the Islamic cause. How even becamesympathetic the Islamic cause.Howcould Muhammad possibly have known for sure that Abu possibly have sureLahabLahab would fulfill the Quranic revelation if he (i.e. the Quranic revelation he (i.e.Muhammad) was not truly the Messenger of Allah? HowMuhammad) was the Messenger Allah?could he possibly have been so confident as to give someone he possibly have been so confident as someoneten yearsten years to discredit his claim of Prophethood? The only discredit his claim Prophethood?Theanswer is that he was Allahs Messenger; for in order to putanswer is that he was Allahs Messenger; order to such a challenge,one has beforth such a risky challenge, one has to be entirely convinced convincedthat he has a divine revelation.14that he has a divine revelation.1{10.The Prophet dFis called:Ahmed a verse the Quran10. The Prophet jj, is called: Ahmed in a verse of the Quraninstead Muhammad.Allah, the Exalted,says:instead of Muhammad. Allah, the Exalted, says:r{ The Amazing Qur an14 The Quran 79 79
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad, the Messenger Allah & of (And (And remember when Eesa, son of Maryam said: 0 O Eesa, Maryanr said: Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allah unto Children lsraeM Messenger of Allah you, confirming the Torah which came before me/ and confirming which came before me, giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, grving a Messenger come whose name shall be Ahmed. But when he came to whose name came said: This plain them with clear proofs, they said: This is plain magic.) with clear (61:6) (61:6) Were he an imposter, the name Ahmed would Were he an imposter, the name Ahmed would not have havebeen mentioned in the Quran.been mentioned the Quran.11. The Deen of Islam still exists today and is spreading all11. Deen of. still existsover the Globe. Thousands of people embrace Islam and Globe. Thousands people embraceprefer it over all other religions. This happens even thoughprefer other religions. This happens eventhe callers to Islam are not financially backed as expected;the callers are financially backed as expected;and in spite of the efforts of the enemies of Islam to halt theand spite the efforts the enemies haItspread Islam.spread of Islam. Allah, the Exalted, says: the Exalted,says: (Verily, the Dhikr (i.e. (Verily, We sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and sent cormption.) (rs,s) surely, We will guard it from corruption.) (15:9) We will Thomas said: A false Thomas Carlyle said: A false man found a religion? Why, a religion? a false cannot a housel If he doesa false man cannot build a brick house! If he does not know know and the propertiesand follow truly the properties of mortar, burnt clay and bumt else he is house he makes,what else he works in, it is no house that he makes, but arubbish-heap. It will not stand for twelve centuries, to lodgerubbish-heap. will stand centuries,a and willa hundred and eighty millions; it will fall straightway. A Aman conform Natures laws, _be_man must conform himself to Natures laws, _be_ verily in and the things,communion with Nature and the truth of things, or Nature answer all! Speciositiesare specious--ahwill answer him, No, not at all! Speciosities are specious--ahme!-a Cagliostro, Cagliostros,me!--a Cagliostro, many Cagliostros, prominent world- world-leaders, prosper quackery,leaders, do prosper by their quackery, for a day. It is like a a day.forged bank-note; they get passedforged bank-note; they get it passed out of _their_ worthless _their_ worthlesshands: others, they, have smarthands: others, not they, have to smart for it. Nature burstsbursts 80 80
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,the Messenger Allah& fire-flames; French Revolutions and such like,up in fire-flames; French Revolutions and such like,proclaiming with terrible veracity that forged notes are terrible veracity that forged notes areforged,forged. But of a Great Man especially, of him I will venture a Great especially, will ventureto assert that is incredible he should have been other thanto assert that it is incredible he should have been other thantrue. It seems to me the primary foundation of him, and oftrue. seems me the foundation andall that can lie in him, this.15all that can lie him, this.15 The Prophet ~ preserved the Quran, after Allah had The Prophet 6 preserved the Qurary after hadpreservedpreserved it in the Books, chests of men generation after the Books, chests men generation aftergeneration. Indeed and reciting leaming andgeneration. Indeed memorizing and reciting it, learning andteaching are among the thingsteaching it are among the things Muslims are very keen on are keendoing, for the Prophet fi1J said:doing, the Prophet 6 said: The The best of you are those who learn the Quran and best are those Quran and teach (Bukhari teach it. (Bukhari #4639) f4639) Many have tried to add and omit verses from the Quran, have tried add and versesfrom the Quran, they have never been successful; these mistakes arebut they have never been successful; for these mistakes arediscoveredalmost immediately.discovered almost immediately. As for the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ~ which is the Sunnah the Messenger 6the second source of Shariah in Islam, it has been preservedthe secondsource Shariah Islam, has been preserved trustworthy pious men. They spent their lives gatheringby trustworthy pious men. They spent their lives gatheringthesetraditions, and scrutinizingthem separate weakthese traditions, and scrutinizing them to separate the weak thefrom the authentic; they even clarified which narrationsfrom the authentic; they even clarified which narrationswere fabricated.Whoever looks at the bookswere fabricated. Whoever looks at the books written in the thescience Hadeeth realizethis, and that the narrationsscience of Hadeeth will realize this, and that the narrationsthat are authenticare fact authentic.that are authentic are in fact authentic. Michael Hart says: Michael Muhammad founded says: Muhammad founded and andpromulgated one of the worlds great religionsl6, andpromulgated one the worlds great religions 16, andr5Heroes,Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History15Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic History16We believe that Islam is a Divine revelationfrom Allah, and that16 We believe that Islam Divine revelation Allah, and thatMuhammad~Muhammad S did not found it. not found it. 811 8
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ..Muhammail,the Messenger Allah Wbecame immens€ly political leader.became an immensely effective political leader. Today, stillthirteen centuries after his death, his influence is still death,powerful and pervasive.powerftrl principles12. Veracity and truthfulness of his principles and that they12.are good suitable every and place. The resultsare good and suitable for every time and place. The resultsof the application of Islam are clear and well known, which the application Islam are clear andin tum testify that it is indeed a revelation from Allah. tum testif a Allah.Furthermore, possible ProphetFurthermore, why is it not possible for Prophet Muhammad.. to be a Prophet - many Prophets and Messengers were$s be a Prophet Prophets Messengersweresent before him. If the answer to this query is that there issent prevents - rejectnothing that prevents this - we then ask, why do you reject then ask,whyhis Prophethood, and confirm the Prophethood of the Prophethood, and the Prophethood theProphets before him?Prophetsbefore him?13. Man cannot bring about laws similar to the laws of Islam13. cannot about laws the Islamwhich deal with every aspect of life, such as transactions, deal with every aspect life, such as transactions, and themarriage, social conduct, politics, acts of worship and themarriage, social conduct, politics, actslike. So, how can an unlettered man bring something likelike. So, can an unlettered somethingthis? Isnt this a clear proof and sign of his Prophethood?this? a clear and sign Prophethood?14. The Prophet 6 start people14. The Prophet" did not start calling people to Islam untilhe tumed years old. passed the agehe turned forty years old. His youth had passed and the agein which he should have rest and spend his time leisurely, should have rest and spend leisurely,was the age in which he was commissioned as a Prophet andwas the age he was commissionedas a Prophet andcharged with the dissemination of Islam.charged with the dissemination Islam. It Thomas Carlyle, said: goes greatly against the Thomas Carlyle, said: It goes greatly against the impostortheory, the fact that he lived in this entirely unexceptionable,theory, the fact he unexceptionable,entirely quiet and commonplace way, till the heat of his and commonplace way, the heatyears was done. wasyears was done. He was forty before he talked of any before hemission from Heaven. All his irregularities, real andmission Heaven. irregularitieg real andsupposed, date from after his fiftieth year, when the goodsupposed, date after year, the goodKadijah died. "ambition," seemingly,Kadijah died. All his "ambition," seemingly, had been, been, 82 82
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad, the Messenger Allah &hitherto, to live an honest life; his "fame," the mere goodhitherto, anopinion of neighbors that knew him, had been sufficientopinion been sufficienthitherto. Not till he was already getting old, the prurienthitherto. he was already theheat of his life all burnt out, and _peace_ growing to be theheat bumt out, and -peace- be thechief thing this world could give him, did he start on thedrief could he the"career of ambition;" and, belying all his past character and"career ambition/existence,set as a wretctred charlatan acquireexistence, set up as a wretched empty charlatan to acquirewhat he could now no longer enjoy! For my share, I have no he enjoy! share, havefaith whatever in that.17 that.r7t7Heroes,17 Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History Hero-Worship and the Heroic History 83 83
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & ofMuhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.What the Testimony of FaithThere is no true godWhat the Testimony of Faith /There is no true goduorthy of being worshipped except Allah andworthy of betng worshipped except Allah andMuhammad is the Messenger Allahentails:Muhammad is the Messenger ofAllah entails: of 1. To believe in the Messageof the Prophet 6 and that he1. To believe in the Message of the Prophet. and that hewas sent to mankind at large; thus the Messageof Islam iswas sent to mankind at large; thus the Message of Islam isnot restricted to a certain group of people or a period ofnot restricted to a certain group of people or a period oftime. Allah, the Exalted,says:time. Allah, the Exalted, says: (Blessed is He Who sent down the criterion to His (Blessed is He Who sent down the criterion to His slave he slave that he may be a warner to mankind.) (25:1) be a warner to rnankind.) 1zs:r;2. To believe that the Prophet 6 is2. To believe that the Prophet • is infallible in matters matters the Deen.pertaining to the Deen. Allah, the Exalted, says: the Exalted,says: (Nor does he speak (Nor does he speak of his own desire. It is only a desire. It a revelationrevealed.) 1zz:e-l; revelation revealed.) (27:3-4) worldly affairs, the Prophet S was As for worldly affairs, the Prophet. was only human and and make Iitihaad (i.e. exertwould make Ijtihaad (Le. exert his effort to reach a ruling) in reach a matter.that matter.The Prophet 6 said:The Prophet. said: "You present your cases to me - some of you may be present your cases some more eloquent and persuasive in presenting arguments persuasive than others. So, if I give someones right to another others. So, if I someones right (wrongly) becauseof the latters (tricky) presentation of (wrongly) because of of the case; I am giving him a piece of Fire; so he should case; I giving him of should not take it." (Agreed (Agreed upon;u upon)l8He also said, in another narration: also said,t8 i.e. Both Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim have narrated the18 i.e. Both Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim have narrated theHadeeth in their collections through the same Companion.Hadeeth in their collections through the same Companion. 84 84
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & "I am only hunrani opponents come to me to settle their "I only humall; opponents their problems. It may be that some of you can present his It some of casemore eloquently than the other - and I may consider case eloquently - 1 him to be the rightful pe6on and give a verdict in his him rightful person verdict in So, if 1 right Muslim favor. So, if I give the right of a Muslim to another by by it only portion has mistake, then it is only a portion of Hell-Fire, he has the option to take or Etr" up before the Day of option give Resurrection," (Agreed Resurrection." (Agreed Upon) Upon)3. To believe that the Prophet • was sent as a mercy to3. believe Prophet 6 sent asmankind. AlIah, the Exalted, says:mankind. Allah, the Exalted,says: (And (And We have sent you not but as a mercy for have sent as a (zrroz) mankind.) (21:107) has certainly the (And Allah has certainly told the truth (And who is truer in Allah) the Prophet 6 was a mercystatement than Allah) the Prophet • was a mercy tostatement creatures,andmankind. He delivered man from worshipping creatures, and delivered man creatures. Heguided them to worship the Creator of all creatures. He the Creatordelivered man the and injustices (false anddelivered man from the tyranny and injustices of (false and the justice and faimess Islam.altered) religions to the justice and fairness of Islam. Healtered) religionsdelivered a materialistic adelivered man from living a materialistic life to living a lifewherein he works for the Hereafter. he the Hereafter. believe that the Messenger Allah 6 is the most4. To firmly believe that the Messenger of Allah. is the most4. To as the finalhonorable Prophet and Messenger, as well as the finalhonorable Prophet and Messenger, asProphet and Messenger. Prophet or MessengerProphet and Messenger. No Prophet or Messenger will come comeafter him. Allah, the Exalted, says:after him. Allah, the Exalted,says: (Muhammad is not the father any men, (Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, fte is) the Messenger Allah, and the Last but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Last of has full knowledge the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all the Prophets: and all things.) (33:40) things.) ($,40) 85 85
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ,.Muhammad, the Messenger AUahbThe Prophet 6 said:The Prophet. said: "I have been favored over all Prophets with six things: I have been favored Prophets with have been given lautami al-Kalim,19 fear is instilled in have gpven]awami al-Kalirn,re instilled the hearts of the enemy, booty and spoils of war have hearts enemy, have been made lawful for me, the whole earth is considered been made lawful me, earth considered a place of prayer, and means of purification, and I was a place prayer, means purification, wes sent to mankind at large, and 1 am the final Prophet." sent mankind large, I final Prophet." (Muslim & Tirmidthi) (Muslim Tirmidthi) firmly believe the Prophet 6 conveyed5. To firmly believe that the Prophet" conveyed to us the5. us theDeen of Islam, which is complete in all aspects. One cannotDeen of. Islam, complete aspects.One cannotadd something to the Deen nor can he omit something from it. something the Deennot can he somethingAllah, the Exalted, says:Allatu the Exalted, says: (This day, (This day, I have perfected your Deen for you, have perfected yorlr Deen completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for My favor have chosen Deatl p:ey you Islam as your Deen.) (5:3) as Islam is a complete way of life; it includes the social, Islam a complete includes the social,political, economical and ethical aspects of life. It would lead economical and ethical aspects life. would leadone to live a prosperous life in this world and in theone a worldHereafter.Hereafter. said: The Mahometans regard Thomas Carlyle said: The Mahometans regard their Koran Thomaswith a reverence which few Christians pay even to their Bible.with a reverence Christians even Bible.It is admitted every where as the standard of all law and all every where as the standard andpractice; the thing to be gone upon in speculation and life; thepractice; the be gone speculation and themessage sent direct out of Heaven, which this Earth has tomessage sent Heaven, Earth has toconform to, and walk by; the thing to be read. Their Judgesconform to, and the be read. Judgess lmaami al-Kalim (conciseness of speech) is one of the miracles of19 ]awami al-Kdim (conciseness speech) is one the miraclesthe Prophet •. The Prophet • would say a few words, and they Prophet rl. 6 would say a fewwould have great meanings.would have great meanings. 86 86
  • Muhammail, MessengerNW n the olMuhammad, the Messenger of Allah •decide by it; all Moslem are bound to study it, seek in it for i! are seekthe light of their life. They have mosques where it is aU read light mosques all readdaily; thirty relays ofdaily; thirty priests take it up in succession, get succession,through eadr There, hundred years,through the whole each day. There, for twelve hundred years,has the voice of this Book, at all moments, kept soundinghas Book, soundingthrough the ears and the hearts of so many men. We hear ofthrough ears hearts so men.Mahometan Doctors that had read it seventy thousand readtimes!20times!m5. firmly believe the Messenger Allah 6 conveyed6. To firmly believe that the Messenger of Allah. conveyedthe Message and gave sincere counseling to the Ummahthe Message and gave sincere counseling Ummah(nation). There is no good except that he guided his Ummah(nation). There good exceptto it, and there is no sinful act except that he warned people iL there act except he wamed peoplefrom it. The Prophet. said in the Farewell Pilgrimage: Prophet 6 said the Farewell Pilgrimage: Message Allah you? "Havent I conveyed the Message of Allah to you? They "flavent conveyed Yes O said, Yes (you have). He said: 0 Allah! Bear witness!" sai4 have). said: Allah! Bear (Agreed Upon)7. To believe that the Shariah (Jurisprudential Law) of7. believe tre Shariqh (JurisprudentialMuhammad • is the only acceptable Shariah. Mankind 6 the acceptable Shariah.would be judged in light of this Shariah. Allah SlIt says:would be this Shariah. ,* says: (And (And whoever seeks a Deen other than Islam, it will seeks a Dem it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will accepted will be one of the losers.) (3:85) loserc.) 1e,esy8. To obey the Prophet •. Allah, the Exalted, says:8. obey the Prophet S. the Exalted, says: (And (And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, these are obeys Allah Messenger, these are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favors from with those Allah hasnHeroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History20Heroes, and the 87 87
  • Muhammad, MessengerAllahffi the ofMuhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. among the Prophets and the truthful and the martyrs truthful and the good, and a goodly company they are!) (4:69) goo4 a company 1n,or; obeys One obeys the Prophet • by obeying him and abstaining 6 he prohibits.from what he prohibits. Allatu the Exalted, says: Allah, the Exalted, says: (And (And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it; and Messenger gives i! whatsoever he forbids you abstain from it.) (3:85) he abstain it.) 1a:ss; the Exalted, clarified the Allah, the Exalted, clarified the punishment of him whodoes not refrain from what the Prophet .. prohibited. Hedoes the Prophet 6said:said: (And whosoever disobeys Allah (And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, Messenger, and transgresses His limits, He will cast him into the transgresses limits, will cast him Fire, to abide therein; and he shall have a disgraceful Fire, he have a tonnent.) (e:t+) torment.) (4:14)9. To be content with the judgment of the Messenger of Allah9. To be content with the Messenger• and to not demur what the Prophet .. has legalized and6 the Prophet 6 has legalizedmademade lawful. Allah, the Exalted, says: the Exalted, says: (Nay (Nay by your Rubb, they can have no faith, until they Rubb, can have until make you iudge in all disputes between them, and find judge disputes find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and themselves resistance against decisions, accept with full submission.) (4:65) acceptwith submission.) 1a:es; Furthermore, one Furthermore, one should not give precedence to anything precedenceover the Sharjah. Allah ~ says:over the Shariah. Allah.98says: (Do (Do they then seek the iudgment of the Days of seek the judgment Days Ignorance? And who is better in judgnent than Allah Ignorance? And judgment Allah for a people who have finn faith.) 1s:soy have firm faith.) (5:50)10. To adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet 6. Allah.IS says:10. adhere Sunnah Prophet $. Allah .;l0 says: 88 88
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad, the Messenger Allahl6 (Say, if you redly love Allah, then follow me, Allah if really Allah, follow Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is will sing. And Allah Oft-Forgiving, Merciful.) (3:31) Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.) 1s:st; One should emulate the Prophet • and take him as a emulate Prophet 6 take him assupremeexample. Allah ~ says:supreme example.Allah,* says: (Indeed in (Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good Messenger Allah example to follow for him who hopes for Allah and the follow him hopes Allah Last Day, and remembers Allah much.) (33:21) Last remembers Allah 1$,zr; In order for one to emulate the Prophet. he has to learn one emulate the Prophet 6 he has leamand study the biography of the Prophet •.and Prophet 6. 2ain al-Aabideen, may Allah have mercy on him, said: WeWe Zain al-Aabideery have mercy said: about the battles the Messenger Allah 6 aswere taught about the battles of the Messenger of Allah. aswe were taught a verse from the Quran.21 a verse the Quran.zt11. Prophet 6 esteemand revere11. To hold the Prophet. in high esteem and to revere him.The Prophet. said:The Prophet 6 said: Do Do not over-adulate me for I was a slave of Allah before was a slave Allah over-adulate me ne as a Messenger. (At-Tabrani) He commissioned me as a Messenger. (At-Tabrani)12. ask exalt the mention the Prophet 6.12. To ask Allah to exalt the mention of the Prophet •. Allahsays:says: (Indeed, Allah sends His Salah on the Prophet • and Allah sends Salah 6 also His angels ask Allah to exalt his mention. 0 you also angels ask Allah exalt O who believe! Ask Allah to exalt the mention of the Allah exalt Prophet, and ask Allah to render the Prophet safe and Prophet, ask Allah safe secure from every derogatory thing.) (33;56) secure every derogatory tes:so)zrIbn Katheer, AI-Bidayah and al-Nihayah [The Beginning and the21 lbn Katheer, Al-Bidayah and al-Nihayah [The Beginning and theEnd] lVol. .3, ,p. .2422End VoI 3 p 24 89 89
  • Muhammad, the Messenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah .. of The Prophef may Allah exalt his mention, saidr The Prophet, may Allah exalt his mention, said: The miserly is him who upon hearing my name being The miserly is him who upon hearing my name being mentioned does not aek Allah to exalt my mention. mentioned does not ask Allah to exalt my mention. (Tirmidthi) (Tirmidthi)13. To love the Prophet 6 revere and respect him as he13. To love the Prophet .. revere and respect him as heshould be revered and respected; for humanity wasshould be revered and respected; for humanity was guided to to throughIslam through him. He should be revered and held more should be revered and a person self, for the onebeloved to a person than his own self, for the one who accepts accepts would beIslam would be prosperous in this life and in the Hereafter. and the Exalted, says:Allah, the Exalted, says: if your (Say if your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your sons, your brotherc, your kindred wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, have gained, commerce the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the fear a decline, the dwellings dwellings in which you delight are dearer to you than are dearer Allah Messenger, Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and shiving and fighting cause, wait until Allah fighting in His cause, then wait until Allah brings about decision. And Allah His decision. And Allah guides not the people who are arre Allah.) (g:zl) disobedient to Allah.) (9:24) The Prophet .. clarified the result of loving him; in his S clarified loving him;answer to the man who asked him: When is the Day ofanswer asked WhenResurrection?TheProphet 6 said:Resurrection? The Prophet" said: What have you What prepared for it? The man did not did answer immediately, and then said: O Messenger of immediately, 0 Messenger of Allah, I have not observed numerous (superercgatory) Allah, observed (supererogatory) prayens/ or fasts, or given charitable gifts, but I love prayers, or fasts, but Allah and His Messenger. The Prophet O said: You Allah His Messenger. Prophet. You will be summoned on the Day of Resurection with will of Resurrection with whom you love! (Bukhari Muslim) whom you (Bukhari & Muslim) The Prophet{F said: Prophet ~ said: 90
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 of If If man conceives three things, he will taste the conceives three will taste (faithD (the sweetness and beauty of Iman (faith); (the first thing) sweetriress that Allah and His Messenger are dearer to him than Allah Messenger are dearer hirn anything else, (the second a person anything else, (the second thing) to love a person only sake (the third for the sake of Allah, (the third thing) and to hate tohate Krf (disbelie0 return to Kufr (disbelief) after Allah delivers man from Allah iust as hates Fire. (Muslim) it, just as he hates to be cast into the Fire. (Muslim) cast Reverenceand the Prophet $Frequires Reverence and love of the Prophet • requires that a person a personlove and revere whom he loved; such as his household, his revere he loved; such as household,Companions, withCompanions, with whom Allah is pleased. It also requires pleased. also requiresthat a person abhor whom he abhorred, for the Prophet • a person abhor he abhorred, the Prophet 6loved and hated only for the sake of Allah. hated the sake14. To disseminate and invite people to Islam; and to revive14. disseminate and people Islam; revivethe Deen of Allah, using wisdom and a good method. This isthe Deen and a good method.done by teaching the ignorant and reminding the one who isdone teaching the and the oneunaware, has forgotten.unaware, or has forgotten. Allah, the Exalted, says: the Exalted, says: (Invite mankind (Invite mankind to the way of your Rubb with wisdom Rubb with and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is preaching artue with a (re:rzs) better.) (16:125)The Prophet. said:The Prophet 6 said: Convey Convey from me, even one verse from the Quran. me, even one vense Quran. (Muslim) (Muslim)15.15. To defend the Prophet. and his Sunnah, by refuting all defend the Prophet 6 and Sunnah,fabricated narrations people have forged against him andfabricated narrations people have forged against andclarifying all doubtful and dubious points raised by the and dubious raised theenemies Islam,enemies of Islam, and to spread the pure teachings of Islam to spread the teachings Islamthose who are ignorant of them.those are ignorant them.16. To adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet~. He said:16. adhereto the Sunnah the ProphetS. said: 91 9l
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,the Messenger Allah 6 Adhere Righfly Adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly Sunnah Guided Caliphs after me. Bite onto it with your molars 22, me. it with your molarsz, and stay away from all innovated matters. For every stay matters. every innovated matter (in matters of Deen) is a Bidah, and matters of. Deenl and, every Bidah is a means of misguidance: every Biilah means (Bukhari misguidance. (Bukhari & & Muslim) Muslim)2 This is a parable, to express how keen a person should be in22 a parable, express keen a person beadhering to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ito. Sunnah the Messenger 6. 92
  • Muhammad, the Messen~er ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah W of Conclusion Conclusion We conclude this research with the words of Alphonse de conclude with words AlphonseLaMartaine in Historie de al Turquie:LaMartaine inHistorie Turquie: Never Never has a man set for himself, voluntarily or man for himself, voluntarilyinvoluntarily, a more sublime aim, since this aim wasinvoluntarily, more sublime aimsuperhuman; to subvert superstitions which had beensuperhuman; subvert superstitions whichimposed between man and his Creator, to render God untoimposed between man render God untoman and man unto God; to restore the rational and sacredman man unto rationalidea of divinity amidst the chaos of the material and divinity amidst materialdisfigured gods of idolatry, then existing. Never has a mandisfigured idolatry, existing. Never manundertaken a work so far beyond human power with soundertaken work beyond human power withfeeble means, for he (Muhammad) had in the conception as (Muhammad) conception aswell as in the execution of such a great design, no otherwell as in execution otherinstrument than himself and no other aid except a handful ofinstrument than himself other handfulmen living in a comer of the desert. Finally, never has a man living comer desert.accomplished such a huge and lasting revolution in theaccomplished huge lasting revolutionworld, because in less than two centuries after its appearance,world, less two centuriesIslam, in faith and in arms, reigned over the whole of Arabia, faith reigned over whole Arabia,and conquered, in Gods name, Persia Khorasan, Transoxania, conquered, Khorasary Transoxania,Western India, Syria, Egypt, Abyssinia, all the knownWestem India, Egypt, Abyssinia, knowncontinent of Northern Africa, numerous islands of thecontinent Northem Africa, numerous islandsMediterranean Sea, Spain, and part of Gaul. "If greatness ofMediterranean Sea, Spairy greatnesspurpose, smallness of means, and astonishing results are the means,three criteria of a human genius, who could dare compare human genius, whoany great man in history with Muhammad? The most famous with Muhammad?men created arms, laws, and empires only. They founded, ifanything at all, no more than material powers which oftenanything whichcrumbled away before their eyes. This man moved not onlycrumbled away eyes.armies, legislations, empires, peoples, dynasties, but millionsarmies, peoples, dynasties, but millionsof men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more one-third world;than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the altars, gods, 93 93
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah"Muhammad, the Messenger Allah W, of ideas, ideas, the beliefs and the souls. "On the basis of a Book, every souls. basis a Book, letter which has become law, he created a spiritual nationality letter has become he createda which blends together peoples of every tongue and race. He peoples race.has left the indelible characteristic of this Muslim nationality has the characteristic the hatred of false gods and the passion for the One and the hahed false gods and the passion the One and God.Immaterial God. This avenging patriotism against the avenging against the Heaven formed the virfue profanation of Heaven formed the virtue of the followers of the followersMuhammad; the conquest of one-third the earth to the dogma the conquest one-third the earth the dogma miracle; or rather it was not the miracle of man butwas his miracle; was rather was the miracle reason. "The idea of the unity of God, proclaimedthat of reason. "The idea the God, proclaimed amidst the exhaustion the fabulous theogonies,wasamidst the exhaustion of the fabulous theogonies, was in itselfsuch a miracle that upon its utterance from his lips it such a miracle utterancedestroyed all the ancient temples of idols and set on fire one- destroyed the ancient temples and set one-third of the world. His life, his meditations, his heroic the life, meditations, heroicreveling against the superstitionsreveling against the superstitions of his country, and his country, andboldness in defying the furies of idolatry, his firmness inboldness the furies idolatry, firmness them fifteen yearsenduring them for fifteen years in Mecca, his acceptance of Mecca, acceptancethe role of public scorn and almost of being a victim of histhe scom and almost being afellow countrymen: all these and finally, his flight, his countrymen: these andincessant preaching,incessant preaching, his wars against odds, his faith in his wars against odds,success and his superhuman security in misfortune, hissuccess and superhuman security misfortune,forbearance in victory, his ambition, which was entirelyforbearance ambition, wasdevoted to one idea and in no manner striving for an empire;devoted one idea and manner an empire;his endless prayers, his mystic conversations with God, his endless prayers/ mystic conversations with Go4death and his triumph after death; all these attest not to andeath and triumph after death; these attest an a conviction gaveimposture but to a firm conviction which gave him the powerimposture theto restore a dogma. This dogma was twofold the unity of God restore a dogma. This dogma was the God God: the formerand the immateriality of God: the former telling what God is,and the God is,the latter telling what God is not; the one overthrowing falsethe God is not; the one falsegods with the sword, the other starting an idea with words.gods the sword, the other starting an idea words."Philosopher,"Philosopher, Orator, Apostle, Legislator, Conqueror of Ideas, Orator, Apostle,Legislator, Conqueror ldeas, 94 94
  • Muhammad. the Messenger ofAllah •Muhammad,theMessenger AUah& ofRestorer beliefs....The twenty terrestrialRestorer of Rational beliefs....The founder of twenty terrestrialempires and of one spiritual empire that is Muhammad. Asempires one empireregards all standards by which human greatness may beregards standards greatrtess bemeasured, we may well ask, is there any man greater thanmeasured, ask, there greater thanhe?he? ~t.lJdlJ !JoQ.11 .*olLJlUlcll aoojl plwQ Q!2oD.o l1W~plwQd1II~ plrs6lls ^oq" Ugi-lc Fbrgd$.t-9 alI All Praise is due to Allah alone, the Rubb of the Worlds All Praise Allah alone, Rrbb Worlds And may Allah exalt the mention of His Prophet and his household And rnay Allah eralt mention His Prophet his household and render him safe from every derogatory thing hisr safe thing If would like receive information If you would like to receive more infonnation aboutIslam, do not hesitate to contact us:Islam, hesitate contactus: 1) Email: 1) Email: en@islamland.org en@islamland.org also the sites: 2) You may also visit the following sites: 2) http://www.islamland.org http://www.islamland.org http://www.sultan.org http://www.islamtodalr. com http://www.islamtoday.com www.islam-guide.com www. islam-guide.com http://www.daralmadinah.com http://www.daralmadinah.com www.islamhouse.com ww w. islamhouse.com http://www.islamworld.net http://www.islamworld.net www.islamhouse.tv www.islamhou se.tv 95 95
  • Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah JillMuhammad,theMessenger Allah & of Glossary Glossary1. Aqeedah: Creed.1. Aqeedah: Creed.3. Dinar & Dirham: A type of money.3. Dinar & Dirham: A type of money.4. Fareedhah:An obligatory act of worship.4. Fareedhah: An obligatory act of worship.5. Fitnah: Trial, strife and tribulation.5. Fitnah: Trial, strife and tribulation. 6, Hadeeth: Prophetic Tradition.6. Hadeeth: Prophetic Tradition. 7. The Pool Allah, the Exalted, has granted our7. Hawdh: The Pool which Allah, the Exalted, has granted ourProphet It. on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever drinks fromProphet 6 on the Day of Resurrection.Whoever drinks fromit once, never feel thirsfy again.it once, would never feel thirsty again.8. Castigatory punishments Islam.8. Hudood: Castigatory punishments in Islam.9. Hukum: Ruling.9. Hukum: Ruling.10. Iitihaad: general, is the exertion effort. this book10. Ijtihaad: In general, it is the exertion of effort. In this book refers exertion ones reach ait refers to exertion of ones effort to reach a ruling in an issue. an issue.11.Itikaaf: general, refersto seclusion.11. Itikaaf: In general, it refers to seclusion. Itikaaf is an act of Itikaafisan act whereby the person secludesworship whereby the person secludes himself in the Masjid the Masiidandand worships Allah.12.Iman: Belief.12. Iman: Belief.13.jannah: This is the HeavenlyAbode Heavenly Gardens13. Jannah: This is the Heavenly Abode or Heavenly Gardenswhich Allah grants the pious slaves in the Hereafter. It is grants the slaves Hereafter. Itmistranslated Paradise.mistranslated asParadise. as14,14. Jawami al-Kalim: (conciseness speech) is one of the (conciseness of speech)is one themiracles of the Prophet *. The Prophet itt would say few words,miracles the Prophet{1. The Prophet6 would say a few words.and they would havegreatmeanings.and they have great meanings.1.5.Kufr: Disbelief.15. Kufr: Disbelief.16.Nafl: Supererogatory16. Supererogatory actsof worship. acts worship.17.Shaitan:Satan.17. ShaHan: Satan.18.Shariah:IslamicJurisprudentialLaw.18. Shariah: Islamic Jurisprudential Law.19. Shirk: Associatingpartners with Allah.19. Associating partnerswith20. Sunnah: Has more than one meaning.It may refer to:20. Sunnah: more one meaning. It refer to: 96 96
  • Muhammad,theMessenger Allah (&Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah .. a. Prophetic Traditions. a. Prophetic Traditions. b. Rulings; Le. it would then mean that the act is b. Rulings; i.e. then mean the act endorsed by the Sunnah. endorsed the Sunnah.21. Taqwah: Piety.21. Piety.22. Ummah: Nation.22.Ummah: Nation.23. WaH: The pious, god-fearing, upright Muslim, who is23. Wali: The pious, god-fearing,mindful of Allah, observes acts of worship, and abstains frommindful observesacts and abstainsthe unlawful.the 97 9l
  • Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah •Muhammail, theMes*ngr of Allahfi Table of Contents1. Terminology used in this book1. Terminology 5 52. Introduction2. lntroduction 6 63. Who is the Messenger?3. Messenger? 10 104. His lineage4. l0 105. Place of birth and childhood5. Place birth ddldhood 16 t66. The description of the Prophet.5. description Prophet e 26 267. Some7. Some of the Prophets manners & Characteristics Characteristics 32 328. Some of the Prophets ethical manners8. Some 54 549. Statements of justice and equity9. Statements 58 5810. The wives of the Prophet.10.The the ProphetJil 61 6l11. Textual proofs which support the prophethood11.Textual the prophethood & 6412. Proofs from the Qur an12.Ptoofs the Qulan 64 @13. Proofs from the Sunnah13. 64 &14. Previous Scriptures14. 65 6515. From the Gospel15. the Gospel 70 7016. Intellectual proofs which support the prophethood16. Intellectual which prophethood 71l 717.17. What the Testimony of Faith entails the Testimony Faith entails 84 8418. Conclusion18.Conclusion 93 9319. Glossary1.9.Glossary 96 96 98 98
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