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 HAJJ AND  UMRAH  GUIDE
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 HAJJ AND  UMRAH  GUIDE
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 HAJJ AND  UMRAH  GUIDE
 HAJJ AND  UMRAH  GUIDE
 HAJJ AND  UMRAH  GUIDE
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HAJJ AND UMRAH GUIDE

  1. 1. 11,....... 1, £ ........ ~ ;:e;t t h .:d Ci. J h,li ~ ~ ~
  2. 2. -: .. r. • • • • ," Q l ,....7HAJI AND UMRAH GUIDEHAJJ ANDUMRAH GUIDE Compiled and Prepared by Compll€d and Prepared by Talalbin Ahmad al-Aqeel Tala! bin Ahmad al-Aqeel
  3. 3. e At-Tahqeeq~ At-Tahqeeq wal-Eedhah wal-Eedhah by Shaykh Abdul-Azjz bin Abdullah bin Baz by ShaykhAbdul-Aziz Abdullah Baz bin bin*.. Sifatul- Hajjwal-Umrah Silatul- Hajj wal-Umrah by Shaykh l/uhammad Salihbin Uthaymeen by Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih bin Uthaymeen bing.. AhkamTakhtass biFMuminal Ahkam Takhtass bil-Muminat by Dr. Salih bin Fawzan al-Fawzan bv Dr. Salihbin Fawzan al-Fawzan*.. Hisnul-Muslim Hisnul-Muslim by Shaykh Saeed bin Wahl al-Qahtani by ShaykhSaeedbin WahfaFoahtani*.. Fatawa al-Lijnah ad-Daimah from the Permanent Comminee for Religious Research·. R~adh, SA Fatawaal-Lijnah ad-Daimahlrom Permanent lhe CommltteelorReli0ious Besearch Rivadh,. SA .... tn·;~I.......,.,~Jw.. j tyt. !l+-:i!t ..ls,.* JU © O ; 3 ; ~1~~1~""~...!l.1..4J1~A.....~ r+$r )d.|jjt-4-jlot )ai ~·t~J).Ug,~, sliJ>{b,JJbl . o~ -.~I,(GoJI~~ ;+ .^:-aJt, e Hr J+r ~V~,,·,~I. elY,r;.& 111. t t1t 1: &lJ "". t -U-: -....lA.J) J!}dl | ;;~IT 6Jdl Y ~..:o..A~I Ub ell ltr/"W l/lr v l"Q,.0-i;:~ ot,o Jlr n· l r l v, t-,:,;i ",,"J Y r /Y"~v : e l - l y l t e s J 111. ! -{1t-{: JJ:r,.; "~,,·-t -"t-4,; ~~J .....;.u :u.,....e"IoI a...- JjdtlIJbCsr&b .••u,., JJ1.M""A,... """LIl i,rlll lU.· !WlJ1.A ...1141.t tFtlAlf..4!i[ ?l ^. Ub l"I"i~Al"..,.".". lll.rJ? lAl..9.€ ~""","""UWI arrFrr zrrtlll agdl
  4. 4. 6iJ,i(.".Si"iUP,*"*t€li;t;tii*ivs+dirtalt3*.1;1;^1{ipliiiVrtitilijed$j>ifri ^54JLt4e4t;,ii@ #iaiu:;Eitrsysps;;i. jli j+srgAi;: 4ir-46t tL"l6g.lji*aP13?3tKt;>,itli U5 btr.rJ1"/@ 1$4aiC@U)3lrt6i 6 iti F ;3,itAii,AAi,/ 1?9 i:6tJ ;L ;6vUl*.lie.iYSCiaio.6);G,jJ;4(i:{96y;Gj J}{-J,-ir; @,*@,3t4,:si;4?5i 45rz :@vuL;brfit,6,2+-.;4JVi ,6{i7. %_is
  5. 5. ii;r: Praise be to Allah who made Hajj to His Sacred House an obligation Praise be Allah made Hajj HisSacred Housean obligation upon every able Muslim, and made the accepted Hajj an expiation upon everyable Muslim,and made the acceptedHajj an expiation sins and transgressions. blessings And and peacebe upon His for sins and transgressions. And blessings and peace be upon His the most excellent those who has performed chosen Prophet, the most excellent of those who has performed chosen Prophet, tawaf and sai and the most noble those who has praisedAllah tawaf and sai and the most noble of those who has praised Allah and supplicated, and upon his family, his companions and all those and supplicated, upon his family,his companions and and all those who havefollowedhis patternand example. who have followed his pattern and example. welcomeyou, noble pilgrim, this securecity and ask Allah I welcome you, noble pilgrim, to this secure city and I ask Allah to enable you enable you to complete the rites of Hajj and Umrah in the way complete the rites Hajj and Umrah in the way pleasing Him, done purely pleasing to Him, done purely for His acceptance and correctly His acceptanceand cotrectly according to the Sunnah of His Prophet ~ . May He accept it and according the Sunnah His Prophet# .May He accept and place in the balance your good deeds. place it in the balance of your good deeds. My brother pilgrim, as there is for every group leader and My brother pilgrim, as there is for every group a leader and for every journey guide, Hajj group is Prophet every journey a guide, the leader of the Hajj group is Prophet leader Muhammad ~ and their guide is his example and Sunnah, for he Muhammadffi and their guide is his exampleand Sunnah, he for from me your rites Hajj."Therefore,is incumbent has said, "Take from me your rites of Hajj."Therefore, it is incumbent hassaid,Take on everyone who approaches the House of Allah for Hajj or Umrah on everyone approaches House Allahfor Hajj Umrah the to learn the way it was performed by the Prophet ~ through learn way was performed by Prophet ffi through accurate guidebooks and by asking scholars about any accurate guidebooks and by asking scholars about any uncertainties one may have.. uncertainties may have.. one This book before you, noble pilgrim, is written This book now before you, noble pilgrim, is written in clear clear languageand has new format which presents language and has a new format which presents and simplifies for and simplifies for you the rulingspertaining Hajjand Umrahwhich hope you will you the rulings pertaining to Hajj and Umrah which I hope you will makeuseofas your guide. make use of as your guide.4
  6. 6. lf you shouldhaveany doubtsor questions, Ministry lslamic theIf you should have any doubts or questions, the Ministry of IslamicAffairsof the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will be at your service toAffairs Kingdom Saudi Arabia will be at your serviceclarify whatever you needclarify whateveryou need to know. You will find in its tents and know.You will find in its tents andcabins scholars who can guideand directyou.as Allah, Exaltedcabins scholars who can guide and direct you, as Allah, the Exalted thehassaid, "Soaskthe people the message youhas said, "So ask the people of the message (i.e.scholarsjif you do {i.e.scholarslifnot know".not know". . s.., 1,t/ 7.-. .7 .r_rA;lr:5.r]) +lt -t- t would like express deep thanks my brother,Shaikh binI would like to express deep thanks to my brother,shaikh Talal bin TalalAhmadal-Aqeel the compilation this guidebook.askAllah forAhmad al-Aqeel for the compilation of this guidebook. I ask Allah toplace and all his effortsin this field in the balance his goodplace it and all his efforts in this field in the balance of his gooddeeds, and increase rewardand that his colleagues the hisdeeds, and to increase his reward and that of his colleagues in the inCommittee Distribution Religious forCommittee for Distribution of Religious Publications to Pilgrims in Publications Pilgrims inJeddahfor their blessedJeddah for their blessed work. work.lf may adviseyou,dear guest Allah, would remindyou andIf I may advise you, dear guest of Allah, I would remind you andmyself usethis preciousmyself to use this precious time to earn the approval of Him whose time earnthe approval Him whoseguest you have become within the sanctuary His noble Houseguest you have become within the sanctuary of His noble Houseand avoid anythingthat angersHim,for Allah has said,"Andand to avoid anything that angers Him, for Allah has said, "Andwhoever intendstherein [a deed] deviationor wrongdoing - Wewhoever intends therein [a deed) of deviation or wrongdoing - Wewill makehim taste painfulpunishment".will make him taste of a painful punishment". r i .1 . • , . j <~ ~L ,-s 1 - . . 1i t , - - i , ~ / / . J. J. ... J. ..-l y~~.u+/ ~f.- .... ~~~~..:.r-J)/ /1 __ r? t ce 4 * * ia y,g .• .. , / ))--,.,"N askAllah acceptyour Hajjand forgiveyour sin,and AllahknowsI ask Allah to accept your Hajj and forgive your sin, and Allah knowsbest. Blessings and peace upon His servant and messenger,best. Blessings and peace upon His servant and messenger, our ourbeloved imam and example, Muhammad, and upon his famil,beloved imam and example, Muhammad, and upon his family,companions and followers. Was- salamu alaikumwa rahmatullahicompanions and followers. Was - salamu alaikum wa rahmatullahiwa barakatuh.wa barakatuh. g,?tlij;i55Tllit?yf.T::.-^*:l1ll Minister of Islamic Affairs, Waqf, Dawah and Irshad 6ll% Salih bin Abdul - Aziz bin Muhammad Aal ash-Shaikh %r,S
  7. 7. All praise peaceAll praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and blessings and peace Allah, Lord worlds, and blessings upon Prophet upon his followers and companionsbe upon our Prophet and upon his followers and companionsThe honored Ka bah is called "the AncIent House", honored Ka called "the Ancrenl House"It rs focus Mushm hearts in every corner the globe Toward itIt IS the focus of Muslim hearts in every corner of the globe Toward itare directed their faces and hearts, humbly reverent in prayerare directed their faces and hearts, humbly reverent in prayer to Allah Allahalone, five times a day.alone, five times dayMuslims have traveled to lhe Ancient House from every part the earthMuslims have traveled to the Ancient House from every part of the earthto perform therr religious rrtes and perform tawal around the Kabahto perform the" religious ntes and perform lawaf around the Kabah bullt by Prophet lbrahim (peace upon him) tosince the time it was built by Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) to besince the time itthe Jirs house fo the worshi o Alla - where Allah would bethe first t house forr the worshipp ofl Allahh - where Allah would beworshipped according to guidance and true vision with pure belieftreeworshipped according to guidance and true vision with a pure belief freefrom superstition and erroneous conceptsfrom supersiitionand erroneous conceptsAllah, the Exalted, said:Allah, the Exalted, said:" Indeed, the first house [of worship] established for mankind was that at lndeed, the frrst house fof worship] establishedfor mankind thatB a k k a [ i . e M a k k a h - b l e s s e a n d g u i d a n c f o t h e worlds I n i a r eBakkahh[i,e.,, Makkah],] ,- blessed dand a guidance eforr the w o r l d s In itt areclear signs [as] Maqam Ibrahim And whoever enters it shall be safeclear signs {asl Maqam lbrahim And whoever enters it shall safeAnd [due] to Allah lrom the people is pilgrimage(Hajj) the House -And [due] to Allah from the people Is a pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House·for whoever is able to find thereto a way But whoever disbelieves [byfor whoever is able to find therelo But whoever disbelieves lbyrelusall - then indeed, Allah is free lrom need the worlds "refusal] - then indeed, Allah is tree from need of the worlds" -fi(,4,,.S7 f qYlr t t?t : 2 J_rt I [$ -. r{l ri ,. o )t/-art/"/lt./,. . A. 4,ii ^/tz r2rrr1"1. f-cid+.cJ-l"di |>.././*/.-./ L!/ i4rlr)etr^J 6jF +. /(./r(/ z 2.7 / a6l*6e-aYt, -t 4 z z.i /;t z )l-^-,+J!r[tl-1",. - -> --rL-(3:96-97)(3:96·97)
  8. 8. Dear L4uslimlDear Muslim;It has been confirmed from the Prophet if! in hadiths of al-Bukhari and MuslimIt has been contirmedtrom the Prophetg in hadiths of al-Bukhariand [,4uslim I I I that tIslam is builtl tu p o nfive: : t h a l s l a mi s b u i upon f i v e r-" --" _ - _____._-__--___: "..; that,~Thus, , itt is clear r to us that tHailj j is amongg the pillars sofl Islam and t h a t : - - - . . _ - _Thus i is clea to us tha Ha is amon the pillar o lslamand I t.~whenever person has the abilrty,hIS ISam rs not comptete unrit he,"es Imony " I, ,. Sno l I I t Iwh enever a person has th e ab"ty, his tstam IS not camp e e untl he i1lfili;but Alfon and Ihal god i" -Muhamperforms s H a l j .p e r J o r m Hajj, i Muhammoo Is ttlllHowever. Hajj is nol required except once in a lifetime AfterAllah had:i Messenger of AllahHowever,Hajjis not requiredexcept once in lifetime After Allah had M€ssengerofAilahmadeHajj an obligation, man asked the Prophetg , "ls it every year, Imade Hajj an Obligation, a man asked the Prophet if! "Is it every year, : ia Messenger of Allah?" He M> replied,O Messenger Allah?" He g replied, Establishment prayer i Establishment of prayer " Haij "Han is once, and for one who does more it is voluntary, voluntary." : (salah) (Na(ated Ahmad, Abu Dawud an-NasaiSaheeh) - (Narraled by AhmadAbuDawud and an-Nasa; - Saheeh) l by and !The Hajj must be purely for AIIah alone, and not for shOWing off or lIThe Hajj must purely lor Allah alone, and nol for showing offgarning reputation Allah, the Exaltedsard In hadrthqudsi:gaining a reputation Allah. the Exalted said In a hadlth qudsJ: I Giving zakah Giving zakah "l the most self-sutficient partners,needing , partnership lf one 1 "I am the most self-su ff IClen! of partners, needing no partners hIp, lone;l , fdoes a deed for Me and for another [simullaneously], I abandon him anddoes deed tor and for another lsimultaneously], abandon hrm and :his partnership" hispartne.ship : (Muslim lbnMajah) (Muslim and Ibn Maiah)l and i Fasting Fasting Ramadhan RamadhanIn addirion theHajj should be pertormedaccording lo the way laught byIn addllion the Hajj should performed accordrng10 the taughtAllahs lvlessengerAllahs Messenger g l6Therefore,we advise our brothersand sislers who intend to perlormHajjTherefore, advise brothers and sisters who intend to performHaj] the Prophet is did it,nol to travel until they have learned how the Prophet*! did it, so theynot to travel until they have learned they Hajj to the Hajj (pilgrimage) to thecan comply with the order of Allahs Messenger:. [ "Take from me your devotionalrites " "Take from your devotional rites" ...c a n c o m p l y w i l h t h e o r d e r o l A l l a h sM e s s e n g e r : . . . : , i . sacred House of Allah sacred House ol Allah ,,s1% (lruslim) (Muslim) %[s
  9. 9. 1. The pilgrimshouldintendhiyherHajj and Umrahtor the approval ol 1. The pilgrim should intend hisJher Hajj and Umrah for the approval of Allah, seekingnearness Him, and nol for worldly reasons,pride Allah, seeking nearness to Him, and not for worldly reasons, pride or position, obtaining titleor reputation. position, or obtaining a title or reputation. or 2. lt is desirablefor the lraveler to lirst write his will and state what he 2. It is desirable for the traveler to first write his will and slate what he owes and what is owed to him He should return any trusts in his owes and what is owed to him. He should return any trusts in his possessionlo their owners else obtain their permissionto retain possession to their owners or else obtain their permission to retain them,for our livesare in the Handof Allah. them, for our lives are in the Hand of Allah. 3, One should repentlrom sins and disobedience Allah, regretting to 3. One should repent from sins and disobedience to Allah, regretting what was past and determiningnot to returnto such sins again what was past and determining not to return to such sins again. 4 He must return any property taken unjuslly if he had done so, and 4. He must return any property taken unjustly if he had done so, and peoplelor wrongsdone to them lf unable,he mustask compensate people for wrongs done to them. If unable, he must ask compensate them for their forgiveness. themtor theirforgiveness 5. For Hajj or Umrah one must use halal wealth becauseAllah is pure 5. For Hajj or Umrah one must use halal wealth because Allah is pure and acceptsonly what is pure and accepls only what is pure. 6. One should avoid all kinds of wrongdoing He should not harm 6. One should avoid all kinds of wrongdoing. He should not harm anyone by his tongue or his hand. He should not push and crowd anyone by his tongue or his hand. He should not push and crowd other pilgrims in way that will harm them. He should neither other pilgrims in a way that will harm them. He should neither backbite others nor spread gossip; nor should h€ argue with his backbite others nor spread gossip; nor should he argue with his companions olhersexceptin goodway. He shouldnol lie or say companions or others except in a good way. He should not lie or say or thingsaboutAllahof whichhe has no knowledge things about Allah of which he has no knowledge,rr,s[.?,eEh-%rN
  10. 10. 7. The pilgrimshouldlearnand understand rulings the pertaining Haii7. The pilgrim should learn and understand the rulings pertaining to Hajj to and Umrah. and Umrah.8. The travelershouldbe attentiveto all his duties,the greatestot which8. The traveler should be attentive to all his duties, the greatest of which is prayer al its proper time in congregation He should increase nts is prayer at its proper time in congregation He should increase his good deeds such as reciiing the Ouran, remembering and good deeds such as reciting the Quran, remembering and mentioning mentioning Allah,supplication, kindness to people through word and Allah, supplication, kindness peoplethroughword and to deed, helpinglhose in need, giving sadaqahlo the poo( ordering deed, helping those in need, giving sadaqah to the poor, ordering whatis rightand forbidding whatis wrong. what is right and forbidding what is wrong_9. lt is recommended that the travelerdo his best to choose righteous9. It is recommended that the traveler do his best to choose righteous compantons. companions.10. The travelershould have good moralsand mannerswith people,10. The traveler should have good morals and manners with people, including patience and forgiveness, gentleness and kinoness, including patience and forgiveness,gentleness and kindness, forbearance, forbearance, modesty,generosity, modesty, generosity, iustice, mercy, trustworthiness, justice, mercy, trustworthiness, trulhtulness.loyalty,piety,etc. truthfulness, loyalty, piety, etc.1l lt is desirablethat the traveleradvise his family to be consciousol11 It desirable that the traveler advise his family conscious of Allah, for that is what Allah has inslructedthe former and later Allah, for that is what Allah has instructed the former and later peoples peoples.12 lt ist 2. It is desirablethat the travelerrecitesregularlythe supplications desirable that the traveler recites regularly supplications and and words taught Prophet ilis among them words taught by the Prophet49 , amongthem the supplications supplications when when settingoul and when boardingthe meansol transport setting out and when boarding the means of transport. (See p.75) ro$[7r G9- %rN
  11. 11. .. lhram the frrst o{ the rites Hajj and Umrah Ihram is the first of the rites of HaJJ and Umrah It means the intention (niyyah) to enter the state of consecration for HaJJ It intention (niyyah) enter the state consecration HaJi or Umrah. The lrme for performance of Umrah is any time throughout Umrah time performance Umrah time throughout lorHajj during theHali months, which are: the year The time for Hajj is during the Hajj months, which are: the i--_-*- I Shawwai. Dhul-Qadah and the first ten days of Dhul- Hijjah. I Snawwat, Dhul-Oadah first DhulHiijah. "Labbayk for "Labbayklor l :,:_:"::*_:::*:*_ ___ ---- -,J Umrah". if he Umrah",it he intends only intends only The duties Hajj and Umrah begin with ihram at meeqat (a potnt The duties of Hajj and Umrah begin with ihram at the meeqat (a pOint pilgnm may not pass some distance from Makkah beyond which a pilgrim may not pass some distance trom Makkah beyond which Um h without ihram - Reler to Page 10) without ihram - Refer to page 10) When someone intendingHaji or Umrah reaches lhe meeqat When someone intending Hajj or Umrah reaches the meeqat on land byland other lransport, he should make ghusl (a complete bath) car or other transport, he should make ghusl (a complete bath) and use car easy lor hrm, but there is no stn upon him il does nol scent if it is easy for him, but there is no Sin upon him if he does not scent if il - bathe Then he wears two clean white ihram garments - one wrap~d Labbayk Umrah"Labbayk for Umrah for bathe Then he wears two clean while ihram garments one with release until with releaseuntil olher his shoulders There is around his waist and the other over his shoulders There is no particular around his waist and whatever dress for a woman in ihram. but she wears whatever clothing in ihram, bul she Hajj", if he intends Hajj",if he intends adequately covers her body of any color, as long as it is not adequalely covers body oI color, long ls Hajj al· Tamahu Hajj alTamatlu conspicuouSly decorative. conspicuouslydecorative intention ihramtor Umrahor Hajj,saying:l of Then, he/she makes the intention of ihram for Umrah or Hajj. saying: . See page 15 for an explanationof these terms ( " See page 15 for an e.planation of these terms.)) "Labbayk for "Labbayk lor Umrah and HaJJ", UmrahandHall", if he intends il he intends With lhese words he has begun the talbiyah. announcing that he is With these words he has begun the talbiyah. announcing that he is Hajj al·Qiran Hajial-Qiran in the state of ihram. in the state ot ihram When the pilgrim comes by sea or by air, it has become customary When the pilgrim comes by sea or by air, it has become customary fo crew member to announce approach to the meeqal the captain or a crew member to announce approach to the meeqat the caotain that lhe pilgrims among the passengers can prepare themselves that the pilgrims among the passengers can prepare themselves f ihram Then when they reach the meeqat, they begin the talbiyah ihram Then when they reach the meeqat, they begin the talbiyah fa l.8bbl1yl< fOt Hall Hajj or Umrah Hajj Umrah It h<llntends Hajj It is allowable for the pilgrim to put on his ihram garments at home in hi It is allowable for the pilgrim to put on his ihram garments at home in hi 010< ( I·Uradl own country and begin the rites Hail or Umrah in the ship or own country and begin the rites of Hajj or Umrah in the ship or pia with pronunciationof the talbiyah upon reaching the meeqat with pronunciation of the talbiyah upon reaching the meeqat I Men recite the lalbiyah In a loud voice. and women Quietly to themselves. I
  12. 12. ·.1Before ihram it is recommended to do the following:: Before ihram it is recommended to do th€ following: l 1 Trim the nails and mustache, remove underarm and Dubic hair 1 Trim the nails and mustache, remove underarm and pubic hair Wash the entire body when it can be done easilv But there is no 2 Wash the entire body when it can be done easily But there is no blame if one does not bathe blame if one does not bathe.I The aforementioned is from the Sunnah and applies to both men and women.r The aforementioned from the Sunnah and aDpliesto both men and woren is 3 The man removes all of his regular (stitched)clothing and puts on the 3, The man removes all of his regular (stitched) clothing and puts on the ihram garments ihram garments_ The.. no The woman removes her fitted face mask 4 The woman removes her fitted face mask or niqab She can cover niqab She can cover palllC. r JW her face from non-mahram men by letting down part her face from non-mahram men by letting down a part of her headcover her headcover Sl*1Iled in (khrmar)over it, and there is no problem if the cloth touches her face (khlmar) over it, and there is no problem il the ctoth touches face ~"nlh fc 5 After bathing, the man perfumes his body, but not his ihram garments After bathing, the man perfumes his body, but not his ihram garments assuming ihram. , assuming ihram. i i The woman uses only a faint scent that will not be noticeable 6, Upon completion ot ihat menttoned above, 6. Upon completion of that mentioned above, the pilgrim makes the pilgrim makes the intention to complete intention to complete the Hajj or Umrah, and by doing so he/she has Hajj Umrah, and doing he/she entered the state ol ihram, even without having pronounced anything entered the state of ihram, even without having pronounced anything out loud lf intends ihram immedratelyafter oulloud. If one intends ihram immediately after an obligatory prayer it is obligatoryprayer it good- good. Or he can pray two rakahs as the Sunnah after wudhu tvvorakahs Sunnah after lf one is performingHajj or Umrah on behalf of someone else, he makes If is performing Hajj Umrah behalf 01 someone else. makes thal intentionat the time of ihram, and may say, "Labbaykfor so-and-so , thai intention at the time ihram, and say, "Labbayk for so-and·so .. " The Words ol Talbiyah of Talbiyah ................+ + "Labbayk-Allahummalabbayk Labbayka ta shareeka laka tabbayk "Labbayk-Allahumma labbayk Labbayka la shareeka labbayk lnnal-hamdawan-ni mata laka wal-mulk La shareeka lak , Innal-hamda wan-ni wal-mulk shareeka " You, a(l respond lin obedience] to You, O Allah, I respond I respond - no(I respond [in obedience] Allah, respond respond -partner is there to You I respondpartner there You respondAll praise and lavor is Yours, and sovereignty There rs no partner to you )All and favor Yours, and sovereignty There IS to You)When to Recite the TalbiyahWhen to Recite the Tg]bilah - . __ _ - , --- . __ . : i- 3 Durfng Umrah. (rom Ihe moment 01 ihram un 1Ih beginning of tawaf. DUTlr19 Ha~ trom the momenl 01 Ihram Imlll the stoning the large pilarI(jamra.n) on the mom ns 01 Eld ,,,S17, %lulS
  13. 13. The Prophet IIi specified five points for entering ihram for those The Prophet g specifiedfive points for enteringihram lorthose r·"··,.. intending Hail or Umrah. These are: intending Haii Umrah. These are: • Y the meeqatfor lhose comingfrom Madinah Todayit is called"AbyarAli" the meeqat for those coming from Madinah. Today it is called "Abyar Ali", lrom Makkahal-Mukarramah. and is 450 kilometers from Makkah al-Mukarramah. and is 45Okilometers the meeqatfor those coming lrom or throughSyria, Jordan,northern the meeqat for those coming from or through Syria, Jordan, northernAI-Juhtah Hijaz, North Africa and Egypt.!t Is near the lawn of Rablgh. 183 k1lomelers from Makkah, from which people nowadays enter Ihram. the meeqat thosecomingfrom or throughNajd (eastern Arabia). is lt the meeqat for those coming from or through Najd (eastern Arabia). It is tor now called "as-Saylal-Kabeer" now called "as-Sayl al-Kabeer" and lies 75 kilometarsfrom Makkah. and lies 75 kilometers from Makkah.Yalamlam the meeqat for those coming lrom Yemen and farther south Today the meeqat for those coming from Yemen and farther south Today, peopteassumeihramfromas-Sadiyah, people assume ihram from as-Sadiyah, which is 92 kilomotersfrom Makkah. which is 92 kilometers from Makkah.Dhatu Irq the meeqatlor those coming from the directionof lraq the meeqat for those coming from the direction of Iraq, which is 94 kilometersfrom Makkah al-Mukarramah which is 94 kilometers from Makkah al-Mukarramah. It is obligatorylor everyone intendingHaij or Umrah 10 assume ihram It is obligatory for everyone intending Hajj or Umrah to assume ihram betore enteringthe area beyond these points.Any who knowinglypass before entering the area beyond these points. Any who knowingly pass throughwithoutihram must retum to the me€qattor ihram through without ihram must return to the meeqat for ihram, otherwisethe violation requiresthe slaughterof a sh€op in Makkah tor otherwise the violation requires the slaughter of a sheep in Makkah for diskibutionto the ooor distribution to the poor
  14. 14. l;.rt.,l :;r:: COtI~:l/IJ111! 11· r • - tit .4.:: 1::,4a -"They are lor those who come from them <.Ix! ,those from beyond . a t - themlwho intood, Hajj <lIld. ,Um.ah." i:. Z 2.: ,:. (AI·Bukhan and MuslIm) D rL llL f,!iail 1,<C k a na:crs DhaLJ rq 9i f,lomeiers the NOM 183 k onreters | Oerla lula.?-7 I 2rz V iaiSnl arf Cr !-:tl irajt tfl:t(;tfr ..ja iResidents of Msl<l<ai essurne !I,ram iar Kllij irom Me.!<kah itsG-li, neS Cj-.itt:t atf l,1J({a,.1- aSSLtfrC lIa I iltl fc tJnlilfr i tar l .s lr li at .tfoi LrLlst ! :|! irt rlrr J t: t ra .lril lbut lorf Urnr"It, !lle!! mvsli go l tor anr :areal olJtslde lhe Oord"r;; 0, the rheramlsQnC1lJGJf), ~ : l ee nt1Hrestl . f whIch Is al-Taneern. saialrir, r l r e J . e s of , r l i a f s a l l i i i e e f rTh()s;~ I,.vl10 live inslc..ee the meeqa! a ire clr, fo, eXCl:1ipl€, fn ,Je{jdr·dl.T.osi. rf o ,.e ns al lire rteeqdi : l?: it exa:|l) rt .leiiclfMasIUfG1J Sadri B~lrlr~ih. tJmn) Sala.m 0.[f as~I--Sn~rCjl.lrl assu,flle HlrarT1llvlast.t.an 3ac Bair.;tir J r,- Sa i]- o a.-:f SlaTa f,<sr:,re nT:lrfrom U.fSlrI hom~s. i {lm tirc r itnre.s itFor them. their. p!acs: ofl res1d9nc~ l~t jtr:ef rneeq~!.i FiI lhfft | : a . . t i , 1 1 - . ,i ; : 1 1 r ir rr Frit!u
  15. 15. Onc€ the pilgrim has entered the state ihram the meeqat, the Once the pilgrim has entered the state of ihram at the meeqat, the following prohibited him: following is prohibited to him: : ·c/ r·~·:·:~~~~~·:~:;·:;::~::·:~·~:" W~ f...r.tt r . . . . t . dl Removinghair or cuttingthe nails (H_o, ,f some hoi, talls Of ,is (However, rf hair j," or pulled d outt unintentionally l lorr jff the hair r orr nailss are cutt due to pulle ou uninientiona o i the hai o nail are cu due to y forgetfulness ignorance of the rUling, it is excused.)) forgetfulness or ignorance the ruling, is excused or of itE~ $ " using perfumeor scent on the body or clothing (What remainson the Using perfume or scent on the body or clothing. (What remains on the body lrom before ihram is excused, but scent in clothing must be body from before ihram is excused, but scent in clothing must be washedout ) washed out.)W " $ Huntingland animalsor cooperating that by chasingor pointingout in Hunting land animals or cooperating in that by chasing or pointing out~ game withinlhe boundaries the HaramThis appliesto all N4uslims, of game within the boundaries of the Haram. This applies to all Muslims, maleand female,whetherin ihramor not male and female, whether in ihram or not.t! S Cutting or uprooting any lrees or green plants within the Haram " Cutting or uprooting any trees or green plants within the Haram boundaries which were not planted by man This also appliesto all boundaries which were not planted by man. This also applies to all Muslims. irresDective ihram- of Muslims, irrespective of ihram.~ l {f Pickingup anythingdropped or lost in Makkah by anyone unless to Picking up anything dropped or lost in Makkah by anyone unless to assistin finding owner Again,the rulingapplies all,with or without the to assist in finding the owner. Again, the ruling applies to all, with or without ihram. , ihram
  16. 16. I;JiJJiJITII]iJ$9!~0 Marrying,sending proposalor arranging marriagefor oneseltor Marrying. sending a proposal or arranging a marriage for oneself or and anythingthat stimulates another. as well as marital intercourse and anything that stimulates another,as well as marital intercourse desire. The Prophet said, desire. The Prophet iji; said. #i --l r ;One;~ ihram must not m~r;Y~be .~.;~dd;;~~-P;~;;~··-I i ;O"" " ihram must not marry be weddedo1_p,ilp*." am .••. ~.~ • _ , • ._ • i "~.ww. _ • (Muslim) ) (Muslim{l woman during ihram is not permitted wear glovesor niqab or~ A woman during ihram is not permitted to wear gloves or a niqab or to burqa (a tightly fitted lace mask) When there are unrelated men burqa (a tightly fitted face mask). When there are unrelated men nearbyshe covers her face with part of her headcover. nearby she covers her face with part of her headcover.4it{f man in ihram is not permittedlo cover his head with lhe ihram A man in ihram is not permitted to cover his head with the ihram garmentor any headgear such as cap, cloth headcover turban lt or garment or any headgear such as a cap. cloth headcover or turban. If he shoulddo so havingforgotten out of ignorance the ruling,he or of he should do so having forgotten or out of ignorance of the ruling. he shouldremoveit as soonas he is awareof it and no ransomis required should remove it as soon as he is aware of it and no ransom is required from him. fromhim, ffij~ The man is also not allowed to wear garments stitched to fit the body or$ The man is also not allowedto wear garments stitched fit the body or to part of it, such as a gown or robe,a shirt,pants,undemearor shoes part of it. such as a gown or robe. a shirt. pants. underwear or shoes One who cannot obtain a waist wrapperfor ihram may wear loose pants One who cannot obtain a waist wrapper for ihram may wear loose pants and one who cannol find sandalsmay wear slipperswith no ransom and one who cannot find sandals may wear slippers with no ransom required required lslFae %i,$
  17. 17. ,nA .,$ ~ While in Ihram, one is allowed to do the following: {* Whilein lhram,one is allowed do the following toWt&, !h eH?ii"i::"Iili;i#i,i,l?Jfil"lsea Wear a wristwatch, ring, eyeglasses, earphones,6) belt and sandals below the ankles.8tr ~ Shadeoneselfunderan umbrella ceiling, *t Shade oneself under an umbrella or ceiling, including including that of a car or bus. that of car bus -+ W Carry baggage. mattresses, , on his head $ Carrybaggage, fg Bandage wound " Bandage a wound mattresses, etc etc., his head. (i Changeonesgarments, well as ~ Change ones garments, as well cleaning or washing them. cleaning washingthem Wash hislher head and body. II hair tl Washhis/herhead and body lt any hair should come unintentionally shouldcome out unintentionally it is excused- is excused. Additionally,if a man covers his head with a cap or cloth out of Additionally, il a man covers his head with a cap or cloth out 01 forgetfulness ignorancehe musl removeit as soon as he remembers forgetfulness or ignorance he must remove it as soon as he remembers or or knows.and therewill be no ransomdue from him or knows, and there will be no ransom due lrom him.
  18. 18. Those intendingHajj chooseone of the three kinds: o r.... ·...... ···················.. ······· . ·· . ·· . ····· 1 One assumes ihram for Umrah during the Hajj months (which are Hajj (which I Shawwal, Dhul-Qadah and the first ten nights of Dhul- Hijjah), saying, Shawal, Dhul-Oadah first nights ot Dhul- Hujah), saying, "Labbayk for Umrah with release unlil Hajj". After completing the tawaf "Labbayk until Halj", completing tawaf and sa i of Umrah and cutting the hair, he/she is released from ihram sai cutting hair, he/she released lrom and all its restrictions Then on the 8th of Dhul- Hijjah he assumes ihram reslrictions Hijjah assumes I, again for Hajj from his place of residence and sets out to complete the Hajj complele : Hajj rites. He is required to offer a sacrifice of a sheep or goat, or seven I Hajj rites lo ofter iI people may share in the sacrifice of a camel or cow If he cannot do so, lf IwhiCh requires thewhrch requr.es lheacriflco of an animalacrilico ol anrmal I then he must fast three days during Hajj and seven days when he l i i returns home. returns home. last three during Hajj seven when I pilgrim intends The pilgrim intends one ihram for both Umrah and Hajj, saying, "Labbayk ihram both Umrah Hajj, saying, "Labbayk Umrah HajJ" reaching Makkah, performs tawat al- for Umrah and Hajj" Upon reaching Makkah, he performs tawaf al- qudim qudum and sa i, which serves as the sa i for both Umrah and Hajj. He sai, which seryes the sai for both Hajj- does not cut hislher hair and remains in ihram until the 8th of Dhul- Hijjah not his/her hair and remains in ihram until the 8th ot Dhul- Hiijah when the Hajj rites begin Then he completes the Hajj, except that he Hajj completes Hajj, excepl need perform need not perform sai a second time He, also, is required to sacrifice a second He, also, required to sacrifice goat sheep or goat or share in a camel or cow as one of seven. in camel seven One intends ihramforHalJ only,saying, "Labbayk torHajl" In Makkah he One intends ihram for Hajj only, saying, "Labbayk for Hajj" In Makkah he performs tawaf al-qudum and sai for Hajj, remaining ihram untilthe in performs lawaf al-qudum and sai for Hajj, remaining in ihram until the ritesare completed. is not required sacrifice animalsincehe He to an rifes are completed. He is not required to sacrifice an animal since he did not performboth Umrahand Hajj did not perform both Umrah and Hajj Tamattuis preferable those pilgrimswho do not bring sacrificial for Tamattu is preferable for those pilgrims who do not bring sacrificial animalsalongwith them,and this is what the Prophet instructed g his animals along with them, and this is what the Prophet 7j;; instructed his nWe companions(Thosewho bring sacrificial animalswith them do Oiran companions (Those who bring sacrificial animals with them do Oiran. .rllll and the residenls Makkah lfradonly) of and the residents of Makkah. Urad only.) lrtr
  19. 19. ilrr ( IFRAD II l[--j;- QIRAN I ::L---T:: ] TAMATTU I I Ihram from the meeoatt I o r alli I h r a m f r o m i h e m e e q a for a l II:::::::::~mTow.; "~,,"m IL .w.1 .I-,m I[ ,.~II~ Ummh J Sai for Hajjand Umrah Sa; for Hajj and Umrah II Sai for Umrah Sal for Umrah I L_ I I i-:::-::il:ll"t* Cutting or shaving hairii Remaining ihramand observingits restrictions I lRemainin g in ihram and j Remaining In Ihram and in I observing its restrictions I observing its restrlcllons I Complete release from lhram IIi untilthe Day of Sacrifice until the Day of Sacrifice I until the Day of Sacrifice!::, ( 1 0D h u H i j j a h (10 Dhul·l - ijjah) ) H III . (10 Dhul- HWah) I Assumes ihram once again for Hail on 8 Dhul-Hljjah Ii. ··FGJ I | 1i Forifrad, tawafal-qudum a sunnah andthereis no problem it is omitted. is act if For ifrad, lawaf al-qudum is a sunnah act and there is no problem if it is omitted. .f2l Tll ll aFqudim Mina, If one performs tawaf al-qudum and then goes dIrectly to Mina, he shoo perform L:;,J the sai for Hall after tawaf al-ifadhah. L-.1 sai Haij atter al-ifadhah. The small boy below the age of ;;:ffi;.di.g b.y b"k * th" ,gr h*ti"*"iircn"o garments understanding has his stitched garments removed removed i*-ih" "-"tl by his guardian, who recites "f talbiyah for him. Thus, he is in the state of ihram I by his guardian, who recites the talbiyah for him. Thus, he is in the state of ihram and is be prevented from I and is to be prevented from all that is prohibited to an adult In ihram. The intention that is orohibited adult In ihram. The intention ! is made for the small girl also by her guardian, who recites the talbiyah for her, is made lor the small girl also by her guardian, who recites the talbiyah lor her, I puning her into the state of ihram. she iss also to be prevented from all that is puning her into the state ihram. she iss also be prevented lrom that is prohibited adult. The body and clothing small child must be pure during I prohibited to an adult. The body and clothing of a small child must be pure during j tawal because it ;s like salah, which requires taharah. When the boy or girl is old tawaf because it is like salah, which requires taharah. When boy is old enough to understand. he/she assumes ihram with the guardians permission i enough to understand. he/she assumes ihram with the guardians permission and and I does everything the adults do. does eveMhing lhe adults
  20. 20. When personintenaing Umrant"u"nu. U"txun,When a person intending Umrah reaches Makkah, ii tt"" g" srragntio alMasjid alIt is desirable to bathe immediately and then go straight to al-Masjid ai-n is JesiraOieio oame immeoiaierv ""0Haram,in which is situated AncientHouse(the Kabah),for the ritesHaram, in which is situated the Ancient House (the Kabah), for the rites the also,it he does not bathe.of Umrah And it is acceptable. also, if he does not bathe.of Umrah And it is acceptable,He enters al-MasiidalHaram with his right foot sayingHe enters al-Masjid al-Haram with his right foot, saying, wa bi wajihil-kareemi wa sultanihil-qadeemiAudhu billahil-atheemi wa bi wajihil-kareemi wa sultanihil-qadeemiAudhu billahil-atheemiminash-shaytanir-raieem .-Allahumma aftahlee abwabarahmatikminash-shaytanir-rajeem ..Allahumma aftah lee abwaba rahmatik and in His noblecountenance(I seek refuge in Allah, the Supreme, and in His noble countenance and(l seek refugein Allah,the Supreme, and from Satan,the accursed.O Allah,open for me theHis eternal authority from Satan, the accursed .. 0 Allah, open for me theHrseternalauthoritygates Your mercy.)gates of Your mercy.) [hiS supPii~-;;tion (duaa) is what is said upon entering any masjid. , mi..rppl# d : (NarratedbyAbu Dawud - saheeh) (Narrated by Abu Dawud - saheeh) j i_.--.-----.- -------- He then heads toward the honored-"He then heads toward the honored Kabah to begin •. tawaf. ___ Kabahto begintawaf. Ii It is from the sunnah for man to bare his right shoulderand arm It is from the sunnah for a man to bare his right shoulder and arm (idhtibad). is doneby passing upperihram the wrapper underthe right (idhtibaa). This is done by passing the upper ihram wrapper under the right This armpit and coveringthe left shoulderwith both ends. armpit and covering the left shoulder with both ends.Then he beginsthe tawaf ol seven circuils,Then he begins the tawaf of seven circuits,starting at the Black Stone. lt is sunnah act to kiss the Black Stone ifstarting at the Black Stone. It is a sunnah act to kiss the Black Stone ifone is able to reach it withoutharmingpeopleby crowdingor pushing.one is able to reach it without harming people by crowding or pushing.And it is sinfulto insult,strikeor harm any Muslim. When the area isAnd it is sinful to insult, strike or harm any Muslim. When the area iscrowded, it is sufficient to point to the Black Stone from distancecrowded, it is sufficient to point to the Black Stone from a distance,saying,"Allahuakbar" without stoppingas one passes bysaying, "Allahu akbar" without stopping as one passes by it -------- f-- I lt is not permissibleto push olhers or harm them in any way. I
  21. 21. JE . J.Ai·~~QllJ1lli· ·m The pilgrimcontinues circlethe Kabah,I The pilgrim continues to circle the Kabah, lo rememberingn gand mentioning gA l l a h , askingg His lorgivenesss sand r e m e m b e r i a n d m e n t i o n i n Allah, a s k i n H i s f o r g i v e n e a n d with any duaa he wishesor recitingthe Ouranthroughout supplicating with any du aa he wishes or reciting the Quran throughout supplicating the seven circuits He should not raise his voice reciling particular the seven circuits. He should not raise his voice reciting particular supplications, this disturbs as otherswho are doingtawaf supplications, as this disturbs others who are doing tawal. As one passesar-Rukn (theYemeniCorner),i As one passes ar-Rukn al-Yamani (the Yemeni Corner), al-Yamani he touchesit with his hand if he can do so easily,He should not kiss it he touches it with his hand il he can do so easily. He should not kiss it or wipe his hand over il as some do, contraryto the sunnah ot the or wipe his hand over it as some do, contrary to the sunnah 01 the Propheti4 - When unableto touch jt with his hand, he shouldcontinue Prophet ~ . When unable to touch it with his hand, he should continue in his tawaf withoutpointingto it saying"Allahuakbar" lt is from the in his lawaI without pointing to it or saying "Allahu akbar", It is Irom the sunnah,as one performstawal, to recite betweenthe YemeniCorner sunnah, as one performs tawal, to recite between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone: and the BlackStone: "Rabbanaalina fid-dunyahasanatan liF akhiratihasanalanwa qina wa "Rabbana atina lid-dunya hasanatan wa lil- akhirati hasanatan wa qina adhab an-nar." adhaban-nar" "Our Lord,give us in this worldwhat is good and in the Hereafter what is "Our Lord, give us in this world what is good and in the Hereafter what is good and protectus from the punishment the Fire" good and protect us lrom the punishment of the Fire," of ij.rlliy - (Quran n 2:201) ) (Oura - 2:201, r"tnit *"vln" i;;iir;;t;i;,! In this way the tawal is completed, each circuital the BlackStoneand endingat For men it is beginning each circuit at the Black Stone and ending at it For men it is beginning sunnahto walk brisklywith small steps during the first lhree circuitsof sunnah to walk briskly with small steps during the first three circuits 01 tawal al·qudum only tawafal-qud0m only
  22. 22. Yemeni comer Maqam lbrahl To as-Sala as-Safa -- -----.- --·-;;d e~ds . " iii*atf negins tnuriiuif Sionuino there. ] r - - .- iTawa begins utthe Black Stone a _at . - "nJJtn"i".
  23. 23. Walkinginsidethe Hiirduringtawaf This actuallyinvalidates the tawafWalking inside the Hijr during tawaf, This actually invalidates tawaf the a;.g_f;i,+ [-~cause_th~~1jr~~-~~rt of_i~e~~,b_a~~~~~~~~SiCJe~=-]] [_Ft1ge thglU-,s 9f11e eart 1audt and wipingthe handsover all the cornersot the Kabah or itsTouching and wiping the hands over all the corners of the Kabah or itsTouchingwalls, door,covering, Maqam lbrahim. All of this is not lawtulas it iswalls,door, covering, or Maqam Ibrahim. All of this is not lawful as it isfrom the innovations religion (bidah),which was not done by thefrom the innovations in religion (bidah), which was not done by the in *.Prophet €r.ProDhetThe pushingand crowdingof men and women duringtawaf,especiallyThe pushing and crowding of men and women during tawaf, especiallyat the BlackStoneand Maqamlbrahim. This shouldbe strictly avoided-at the Black Stone and Maqam Ibrahim. This should be strictly avoided, -f@ , Upon completion of tawal one should:11 once again Cover his right shoulder once again Coverhis rightshoulder2. Pray two rakahs behind Maqam lbrahimif it is possiblewith ease;2. Pray two rakahs behind Maqam Ibrahim if it is possible with ease;otherwise any part ot al-Masiid al-Haram.This prayeris a confirmedotherwise in any part of al-Masjid ai- Haram. This prayer is a confirmed insunnahin whichone recites(afteraFFatihah) the first rakah: insunnah in which one recites (after al-Fatihah) in the first rakah: ,,41..t?1li J4) v)26JtUe and in the secondrakah:Surahal-lkhlas Surah ai- Kafirun and in the second rakah: Surah al-Ikhlas. Surahal- Kafirun r)p ~cites other parts of the Ouran it is acceptable. LlEg"rE:il9lElr9lh"l-3119 """qabi l
  24. 24. Ii ~~.er the :_J11p1etiO~ of tawaf, After the complerionot tawaf, i one goes to begin his sai of seven trips at as-Sala, one goes to begin his sai of seven trips at as-Safa, reciting: "Innas-safa recitingt "lnnas,safa wal-marwata min shaair illah,(lndeed, as-SaJa wal-marwata min shaair illah "(Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are and aFMarwah are amongthe symbolsof Allah) among the symbols of Allah) !.,.ii.r< Zia, x rJ.o)4JD-o-ajlr,Jffi and I2:1571,, adding,"t begin with that with whichAilah began,This was {2:157}, and adding, "I begin with that with which Allah began" This was the practace the Prophet *! of the practice of the Prophet ... as narrated in saheeh Muslim narrated in saheeh MuslimIThen he stands on as-Safa facing the Kabah, ,I Then he standson as-safafacingihe Kabah,l, ! praisingand giorifying praising and glorifying Allah and supplicating Him, saying: Allah and supphcating Him, saying: "La ilaha ill-Allahuwahdahu la shareeka lah Lahul-mulku "La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la shareeka lah_ Lahul-mulku wa lahul- lanur. hamdu huwa kulli shayin qadeer_ hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer. La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wadahu wa nasara abdahu wa La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wadahu nasara abdahu hazamal-ahzabawahdah." hazamal-ahzaba wahdah." "There is no god but Allah alone with no partner His is the dominionand "Thereis god Allah alone with partner His is the dominion and His is [all] praise and He is over all things mmpetent. There is no god [allJ praise is all things competent There but Allah alone; He fulfilledHis promiseand supportedHis seruantand but Allah alone; fulfilled His promise and supported His servant and defeatedthe [enemylalliesalone defeated (enemYI allies alone."IHe repeaisthisthreetimes, H~ ;ep~ai~ this ihr~~ times: supplicating in between with anything he wishes, and if he does less supplicating between anything wishes, than that, there is no fault. He raises his hands only when supplicating, than that, there fault raises hands only when supplicating, and does not pointwith them when saying,,Allahu does akba~ point with them when saying, "Allahu akba/ (which is a common mistake among many pilgrims). (which mistake among pilgrims).I: He then descends lrom as-safa then descends trom as-Safatoward al-MaMah and supplicatestoward al-Marwah and supplicates with any duaa that comes to mind tor with any duaa that comes to mind forhimself, his lamily and the Muslims in generai When reaching thehimself, family and the Muslims general When reaching thegreen marKer,green marker,men (but not women) should run until they come to the second marker,men (but not women) should run until they come to the second marker,afier whlch they walk as usual untilthey arrivalat al-MaMahafter which they walk as usual until they arrival at al-Marwah
  25. 25. Upon reaching aFMarwah, Upon reaching al-Marwah,fill one faces the Kabah and supplicates as he did at as-Safa with any$ one faces the Kabah and supplicates he did at as-Safawith any as supplications wishes He continues he walkingto the greenmarker, supplications he wishes He continues walking to the green marker, then then runs betweenthe two (men only) and then walks to as-safa Thus, he runs between the two (men only) and then walks to as-Safa Thus, he has completed two trips - one from as-Safa al-Marwahand another to has completed two trips - one from as-Safa to al·Marwah and another from al-MaMah to as-safa He continues until he f inishesseven trios. from al-Marwah to as-Safa , He continues until he finishes seven trips, endrngat al-Marwah endIng al al·Marwah4iili Thereis no blameupon him/her compteting sai on wheelchair for There is no blame upon him/her for completing the sai on a wheelchair if the if overcome latigueor illness by overcome by fatigue or illness. :/ ; y e*omanwho has menstrual or postpartum bleeding A woman who has menstrual postpartum bleedingfiI$ can completeher sai (but not tawal) becausethe area can complete her sai (but not tawaf) because the area partof al-Masjid of sal is not a part of al-Masjid al-Haram. sai is not al-Haram- 1 ..·..··.. ~ro: Amongthe common errors committed is Among the commonerrorscommitted is i tne running women betweenthe two greenmarkers. the running of womenbetween the two green markers of !fiI Alter the completion of sai, the man shaves shortens his hairta Atterthe completion sai,the man shavesor shorlenshis narr of >i (shavingis preferable)When shortening hair, (shaving is preferable) When shortening the hair, the ~ s o m eo t i t s h o u l db e c u t t r o m e v e r yp a r to f t h e h e a d. . . - . . - . . . . . . . i - some of it should be cut from every part of the head .fiI The woman cuts from the length her hair whatN The womancuts from the lengthof her hairwhat is aboutequalto the widthof a finger is about equai to the width finger . .- - - - - - .... f l-trifrih.iffi ;6;-ifi;;h;-il;c6--l _~~~~~~~ With this the rites of Umrah are complete and one is free from all the restrictionsof ihram free restrictions ihram
  26. 26. -... ....... .... • ., m
  27. 27. &:r $ew - t-.ff ,."-;r-"<-"" {t4*{ - **.i - *i:_ ".* €4
  28. 28. :""""""""! The D~~ Y o t r a r w i,y,a h D a ofTarw~yah l .- - - - - - - - , t n " i i .". Theritesof Haijbegin the8thof DhuFHijiah, on The rites 01 Hail begin on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah.!I B;i~;~ ~.~~;:;--!I which is called the day of Tarwiyah. a"i"r;;g; which called davof rarwiyah is the_, , _, . _ - . , _...J , , 11 , _... , _ , , This day the pilgrimof Tamattu This day the pilgrim of Tamaltu assumes ihram for Hajj in the morning. assumesihramtor Hajj in the morning. Betore doing so, he does what he did before the ihram for Umrah - Before doing so, he does what he did before the ihram for Umrah . bathing, using scent, etc bathing, using scent, etc He makes the intention for ihram from He makes lhe intentionfor ihram trom whereverhe staying residing. wherever he is staying or residing."- - Those of Qiran and Ifrad are already in ihram Those Oiran and lfrad are alreadv in ihram|-"-*-"1 Thuhr,asr,ma~~~b-i j Pilgrims in the state 01 ihram for Tamattu, Qiran and Ifrad all set out forlThuhr,asr,maghribIi" eitgrimsin the stateof ihramlor Tamattu, Qiran and lfrad all set out tor. andisha,pray~I Mina before noon, and there they pray thuhr, asr, maghrib and isha.I andisha,prayers Mina before noon, and there they pray thuhr,as1 maghribandisha.:*-*----*-i - .-- - - - Each prayer done propertime Each oraver is done at its orooer time and not combined. but the tour Each prayer is done at its proper time and not combined, but lhe four combined, tourr---:----.., rakah prayers are shortened two. They spend the eve the gth ot rakah prayers are shortened to two. They spend the eve of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjahin Mina and pray lai( there Anyone staying in Mina before Dhul-Hiilah in Mina and pray fajr there, Anyone staying in Mina before the day of Tarwiyah assumes ihram there on the morningof that day. the TaMiyah assumesihram there the morning that day- The sunnahis to spendthe day of Tarwiyah Mina, The sunnah is spend the day Tarwiyah in Mina, in pray the fajr prayer of the gth and then wait until the sun rises. After pray the lajr prayer 9th and then wait until the sun rises. After"!S""pe-n-d"inCCg:Ct:Lh""e"Cn"ig:Lh71t sunrise lhe pilgrims move on to Arafat, calmly and quietly, praisingisoinaim ttrmiotr, sunrise the pilgrims move Arafat, calmly and quietly, praising. at Mina Allah or reciting the Quran, and especially, repeating the talbiyah often,L-_~="-_-l as well as "La ilahaill-Allah". well as "La ilaha ill-Allah", "Allahuakbar" and "Al-hamdulillah "Allahu akbar" and "AI-hamdulillah ". ".
  29. 29. I!.he D~yotArafahI The DayofArafah I __ j ; t Staying at Aralah is among the pillars Hajj,withoul whichthe Hajj is Staying at Arafah is among the pillars of Hajj, without which the Hajj is • i invalid The Prophet *.i said, invalid The Prophet ;f£i: said, From sunrise e F r o ms u n r i s "The Hall s Arafah.· (Narrated by Abu Dawucf and at·l1rmKlh, . sahooh) ThedayofAra{ahI The day of Aratah J ls mostblessed day Is a most blessed day. Until l sunset t Unti sunse Thereinmultitudes pilgrims Therein multitudes of pilgrims throngto the plain of Arafatwherethe of throng to the plain of Arafat where the Muslims remainuntil attersunsel On thatdayAllahboastsof them r------.... Muslims will remain untilafter sunset On that day Allah boasts of them will to Hisangels to His angels In saheeh In saheeh Muslim, Alshah (mayAllahbe pleased Muslim, Arshah (may Allah be pleased withher)reported with her) reported that that the Propheti+ said, the Prophet ~ said, "Thereis no day on whichAllahfreesas manyol His servants "There is no day on which Allah frees many of His servants fromthe ..... from the ""=-="""...:, Fireas on the day of Arafah Fire on the day Arafah Indeed, drawsnearand thenboasts themto the angelsand says, Indeed, He draws near and then boasts of them to the angels and says, He Whatdo theywant?" What do they want? We askof AllahHisfavorand kindness We ask Allah His favor and kindness •..
  30. 30. .riJE ilJr.ltiJ$F ilill j--j,l:JJ;:il I The day of Arafah th" o"u of Arafah i----------------- ,,,,,. : --,...,.,....,,,,- I I It is sunnahpractice the pilgrimto stop at Namirah noon tor the lor at It is a sunnah practice for the pilgrim to stop at Namirah at noon for the thuhr and asr prayer and to hear the speech (khutbah)if possible thuhr and asr prayer and to hear the speech (khutbah) if possible. v Otherwise, should enter Arafah and be sure that he is inslde its Otherwise. he should enter Arafah and be sure that he is inside its he border There are numerous road signs and posters showing the border There are numerous road signs and posters showing the[-v-:: Aralah localion boundariesThe entireplainofArafah is standing location of boundaries The entire plain of .Arafah is a standing place. of The pilgrimshouldtake care on this greatday to make the best use ol The pilgrim should take care on this great day to make the best use of place his/her rtimee in reciting gthe lalbiyah.h ,seeking gAllahs s forgiveness. s . his/he tim in recitin the talbiya seekin Allah forgivenes confirming unityand praisingHtm. He shoulddirecthimselftoward confirming His unity and praising Him. He should direct himself toward His Allah,the Mightyand Majestic, with humility, exerting utmosteffortin the Allah, the Mighty and Majestic. with humility, exerting the utmost effort in supplication o no r himself,l t hiss spouse eand children nand hiss brother r s u p p l i c a t i for h r m s e , i s p o u s a n d c h i l d r e a n d h i b r o l h e f h Muslims s Muslim At noontime,the imam delivers speech to the people, reminding, At noontime, the imam delivers a speech to the people. reminding. advising and instructing them Then he leadsthe pilgrimsin the thuhr advising and instructing them. Then he leads the pilgrims in the thuhr and asr prayer, joinedand shortened, with one adhanand two iqamahs and asr prayer. joined and shortened. with one ad han and two iqamahsthuhrandasr prayerjoined as the Prophet andshortened as the Prophet , did did. No other prayer is performed before or No other prayer is performed before or afterwards afterwards mustbe caretul thts blessed day to avoidcommitting sin any Pilgrims must be careful on this blessed day to avoid committing any sin Pilgrims on whichcouldcauselhem lo lose some of the qreatrewardol this noble which could cause them to lose some of the great reward of this noble place day and sacred place dav and sacred After sunset y MuzdaJlfah 30
  31. 31. SIItIrlg outside the bordell of Aralah, remillnlog there ~mlIlhe sun sets.and altol thaI leaVIng 01 M~:tdalifah. Whoevtll does thaI has nIltperlomlGd Hal!.leavmg Aralah belofe the seltlrlg of the sun ~ II nol permtSSIbIe as itII <:onlrllry ~ !he praellee al1he ProphetAnyone Who dOeS 50 must retum betore sunset, otherWIse he w* 1IlIo1lto slaughlef 8Il arwna/ .. nmsomCrowding and pusIwlg ... on* ~ dlnC ~ Ih8 lop 01 Utu"II AtaIMl (tt.Mo.nl 01 Men:y), rubl;lr.g ar-.~ IIIfldS on It..., praylng lheIe M his 1$!rom PIOIlQ the innoYalOnS lhel heYe no blIS1S ... !he religionFurthetrnln, it can bI pItyIcaIy harmIUl_Feang!he mounl ounng supplaIlIOlI / The suman I, 10 l.c.lhe Qiblan (ClnCllOIl oIlhe KabAh) linen IUppllCalong
  32. 32. r;it t : {Efter the sun has set on the 9th day of Dhul-HWah, =oJ ... The caravansol pilgrimsbegin movrng,with the blessingof Allah, The caravans of pilgrims begin moving, with the blessing of Allah,AN r tho sunsol towardal-Mashar al-Haram Muzdaljlah pray the maghriband isha in to toward al-Mashar al-Haram in Muzdalifah to pray the maghrib and isha prayers and shortened, wilh one adhanand two iqamahs soon prayers Joined and shortened, with one adhan and two iqamahs as soon Joined as as they atrive. They then spend the nighl there, remembering as they arrive. They then spend the night there, remembering Allah, Allah, praisingand thankingHim for His favor upon them when He enabled praising and thanking Him for His favor upon them when He enabled themto be present Arafah in them to be present in Arafah, Uponreaching Muzdalifah, somepilgrims Upon reaching Muzdalifah, some pilgrims make the following mistakes: makethe following mistakes: TO MumaUtah Hastening pick up pebbleslor sroningbeforepraying to Hastening to pick up pebbles for stoning before praying maghriband ishajoined and shoftened. maghrib and isha joinedand shortened. II> ;= Believing the pebbles that mustbe pickedup onlytrom Muzdatifah Believing that the pebbles must be picked up only from Muzdalifah.In~n" i~" ,/, The sunnahpractice to spend the nightin Muzdalitah r The sunnah practice is to spendthe night in Muzdalifah is and to pray the fajr prayerthere. and pray the fajr prayer there.Pruy"",maghrlboncll.hllOlned It is permissible women,children, weakor ill and theircaretakers permissible for women, children, the weak for the ill and Iheir caretakersand!lhOl1 ~ to leavefor Mrnaaftermrdnight. to leave for Mlna after midnight. !:lPOfllllfl,,1IJICl1ft l~MId,.dll1Jt.h Afterthe pjlgrimperforms fajr prayer, asdesirable him to stand After the pilgrim performs the fajr prayer, it is desirable for him to stand the for at al-l4ashar al-Mashar al-Haram(which a hill in Muzdalifah) any otherpartof al-Haram(which is hill Muzdalifah) or any other part of Muzdalifah, Muzdalifah, face the Oiblah,praiseAllah and supplicate much as face the Qiblah. praise Allah and supplicate as much as possible Then he shouldleavebeforesunrise possible. Then should leave before sunrise. On the way to Mina he/shepicksup sevenpebbles,slightly largerthan On the way to Mina he/she picks up seven pebbles, slighflylarger than a pea,for the rami (stoning) the largestpillar(jamratul-aqabah) a pea, for the rami (stoning) of the largest pillar (jamratulaqabah) The of The restof the pebblesfor rami are takenlrom Mina rest of the pebbles for rami are taken from Mina. To il4ina TO Mina lThe pilsrims :The pilgrims tren coniinueto;;ANiffi-;iiii;;;l;g then continuetoward Mina while reciting ih; talbiyah,l the humble in their remembrance of Allah_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _---.J humble in their remembrance of Allah.

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