Gift to the distressed

186 views
147 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
186
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Gift to the distressed

  1. 1. ‫ﺑﺴﻢ اﷲ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ اﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬‫ﺗﺤﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﻜﺮوب‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻼم ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ورﺣﻤﺔ اﷲ ﻛﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫وﺑﺮ‬ All praises are due to Allâh Ta`âlâ alone, The Creator, Sustainer, Owner and Controller of the universe, the All- A GIFT TO THE Knowledgeable and All-Wise. May His choicest blessings be showered upon the Leader of all the Messengers, DISTRESSED Muĥammad ^. By: Everything in the world happens in accordance with aAbu Usamah Ayub Ibn Moulana Muĥammad divine system. This system will see no change until the day of Judgement1. Much of the secrets of this system are altogether hidden from man. However, whatever of the system is imperative for man’s success and salvation has been clearly outlined by Allâh Ta`âlâ in the Noble Qurân, and further explained by His Messenger ^. At times, due to his ignorance about this system of Allâh, man finds it hard to fathom occurrences around him. This causes him to start questioning the doings of Allâh Ta`âlâ. When this happens, shaiţân takes advantage of the Miftahuddīn Islamic Institute opportunity and instils such thoughts in his mind that creates severe confusion and perplexity, followed by frustration and despondency. Consequently, he begins to utter statements that remove him from the precincts of 1 As stated by Allâh in the following verse: ‫ﻓﻠﻦ ﺗﺠﺪ ﻟﺴﻨﺔ اﷲ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻼ ، وﻟﻦ ﺗﺠﺪ ﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫اﷲ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻼ‬ 1
  2. 2. Īmân without him being aware, and in Allâh’s records he ‫ﻴﻢﹺ‬‫ﺟﹺ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻴﻄﺎﻥ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻮﺫﹸ ﺑﹺﺎﷲِ ﻣ‬‫ﺃﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ may even be entered among the disbelievers. ‫ﻴﻢﹺ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻦﹺ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺑﹺﺴﻢﹺ ﺍﷲِ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ٰ ﺮ‬‫ﺮ‬ In this booklet, such Qurânic verses and Aĥâdīth have Allâh Ta`âlâ addresses His Beloved Messengerbeen gathered, that are relevant to people undergoing Muĥammad ^ in the Qurân with the following words:difficulty, in the form of financial straits, illness, death of aclose one and the like. These verses and Aĥâdīth are beingpresented to the reader for the purpose of pondering. By ‫ْﻴﻞ إِذا ﺳﺠﻰ }٢{ ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺤﻰ }١{ واﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﺑِﺴﻢ ِ اﻟﺮﲪﻦ اﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ واﻟ‬ َ ََ َ ِ َ ِ َ ‫ ِ َ ﻀ‬ ِ ْ  ‫ْ ِ اﷲ‬ َ ْ َ ِ َ ٌ َ َِ ْ َcarefully pondering over them he will find answers to hisproblems, and will be able to derive lessons from its {٤} ‫ﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻷُوﱃ‬‫ﻚ وﻣﺎ ﻗَـﻠَﻰ }٣{وﻟَﻶﺧﺮةُ ﺧْﻴـﺮ ﻟ‬‫ودﻋﻚ رﺑ‬ ََ َ َ َ َ َwarnings and admonitions. Simultaneously he will receive {٦} ‫ﻚ ﻓَـﺘَـ ْﺮﺿﻰ }٥{ أَﱂْ ﳚﺪك ﻳَﺘِﻴﻤﺎ ﻓَﺂوى‬‫وﻟَﺴﻮف ﻳـُﻌﻄﻴﻚ رﺑ‬ َ ً َْ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ ْ َ َْ َimmense solace and comfort. ‫ووﺟﺪك ﺿﺎﻻ ﻓَـﻬﺪى }٧{ ووﺟﺪك ﻋﺎﺋِﻼ ﻓَﺄَﻏﲎ }٨{ ﻓَﺄَﻣﺎ اﻟْﻴَﺘِﻴﻢ ﻓَﻼ‬ َ َ  َ ْ ً َ َ َ َ ََ َ َ  َ َ َ َ ََ ‫ث‬ ‫ﻚ ﻓَﺤ‬‫ﺗَـﻘﻬ ْﺮ }٩{ وأَﻣﺎ اﻟﺴﺎﺋِﻞ ﻓَﻼ ﺗَـْﻨـﻬ ْﺮ }٠١{ وأَﻣﺎ ﺑِﻨِﻌﻤﺔ رﺑ‬ ْ ‫ ْ َ ِ َ َ َﺪ‬ َ(It is advised that the Arabic text be recited first then theEnglish translation. Whilst reading, visualize that Allâh is َ َ َ  َ َْspeaking to you, and this is His and His Rasûl’s message [‫}١١{]ﺳﻮرة اﻟﻀﺤﻰ‬for you). 1- By the Morning hours, -2- And by the Night when it is still, -3- Thy Creator/Sustainer has not forsaken thee, nor does He dislike [thee]. -4- And verily the Hereafter will be better for thee than the present. -5- And soon will thy Creator/Sustainer give thee (that wherewith) thou shall be well pleased. -6- Did He not find thee an orphan and give thee shelter (and care)? -7- And He found thee wandering, and He gave thee guidance. -8- And He found thee in need, and made thee self-sufficient/independent. -9- Therefore, treat not the orphan overpoweringly, -10- Nor drive away the begger; -11- So, tell [others] about the bounty of thy Lord! 2 3
  3. 3. Allâh Ta`âlâ says: {٩} ‫ﻪُ ﻟَﻴَﺌُﻮس ﻛﻔﻮر‬‫ ﻧَﺰﻋﻨَﺎﻫﺎ ﻣْﻨﻪُ إِﻧ‬ُ ً‫ﺎ رﲪَﺔ‬‫وﻟَﺌِﻦ أَذﻗْـﻨَﺎ اﻹﻧْﺴﺎن ﻣﻨ‬ ٌ َُ ٌ ِ ْ‫َ ِ َ ِ ْ ﰒ ـ‬ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ِ ‫ـ‬  َ ُ  َ َ َ  ُ  َ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ َِْ ُ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺌَﺎت ﻋﲏ إِﻧ‬‫وﻟَﺌﻦ أَذﻗْـﻨَﺎﻩُ ﻧَـﻌﻤﺎءَ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﺿﺮاءَ ﻣﺴْﺘﻪُ ﻟَﻴَـﻘﻮﻟَﻦ ذﻫﺐ اﻟﺴﻴ‬‫ﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ اﺳﺘَﻌِﻴﻨُﻮاْ ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﱪ واﻟﺼﻼَِ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺼﺎﺑِﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻬﺎ اﻟ‬‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳ‬َ ِ  ََ  ‫ ة‬ َ ِْ  ْ َ َ َ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﺻﺒَـﺮواْ وﻋﻤﻠُﻮاْ اﻟﺼﺎﳊَﺎت أُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﳍُﻢ‬‫ اﻟ‬‫ﻟَﻔ ِح ﻓَﺨﻮر }٠١{ إِﻻ‬ ِ ََ ُ َ َ ٌ ُ ٌ ‫َﺮ‬‫}٣٥١{ وﻻَ ﺗَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮاْ ﻟِﻤﻦ ﻳـُﻘﺘَﻞ ِﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ أَﻣﻮات ﺑَﻞ أَﺣﻴَﺎءٌ وﻟَﻜﻦ‬ ِ َ ْ ْ ٌ َْ ِ ِ َ ُ ْ َْ ُ َ ‫ ْ ِ َة َ ْ ٌ َ ﺒﲑ‬ [‫ﻣﻐﻔﺮٌ وأَﺟﺮ ﻛِ ٌ }١١{]ﺳﻮرة ﻫﻮد‬ ٍ‫ﻜﻢ ﺑِﺸﻲء ﻣﻦ اﳋَﻮف واﳉُﻮع وﻧَﻘﺺ ﻣﻦ‬‫ ﺗَﺸﻌُﺮون }٤٥١{ وﻟَﻨَْﺒـﻠُﻮﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬َ  ٍ ْ‫ َ ْ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ـ‬ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ُ ْ َ َِ ِ‫ﺬﻳﻦ إِذا‬‫ﻤﺮات وﺑَﺸﺮ اﻟﺼﺎﺑِﺮﻳﻦ }٥٥١{ اﻟ‬‫اﻷَﻣﻮال واﻷﻧﻔﺲ واﻟﺜ‬ َ ِ  ِ  َ ََ َ ِ ُ َ ََ ِ -9- If we give man a taste of mercy from ourselves, and then withdraw it from him, then indeed he (becomes)‫ـﺎ إِﻟَﻴﻪ راﺟﻌﻮن }٦٥١{ أُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ‬‫ﺎ ﻟِﻠّﻪ وإِﻧ‬‫أَﺻﺎﺑَـْﺘـﻬﻢ ﻣﺼﻴﺒَ ٌ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ إِﻧ‬ َ َ ِ َ ِْ َ ِ ‫ِ ﺔ‬ ُ َ very despondent and extremely ungrateful. -10- And if we give him a taste of (our) favours after adversity has‫ِﻢ ورﲪَ ٌ وأُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻤﻬﺘَﺪون‬‫ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﺻﻠَﻮات ﻣﻦ ر‬َ ُ ْ ُ ُ ُ َ َ ‫ ْ َ َ ْ ﺔ‬  ٌ َ َ ْ ِ َ touched him, he is sure to say (in pride): “all evil has left [‫}٧٥١{]ﺳﻮرة اﻟﺒﻘﺮة‬ from me”. He surely becomes one who takes bounties for granted and boastful. -11- Besides those who show patience and constancy, and do good deeds. For them is-153- O you who believe! seek help with patient forgiveness (of sins) and a great reward.perseverance and Ŝalâh, for Allah is with those whopatiently persevere. 154- And say not about those who areslain in the way of Allah: "They are dead." Nay, they are ‫إِن اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﺧﻠِﻖ ﻫﻠُﻮﻋﺎ }٩١{ إِذا ﻣﺴﻪُ اﻟﺸﺮ ﺟﺰوﻋﺎ }٠٢{ وإِ َا‬ ‫َذ‬ ً ُ َ   َ َ ً َ َ ُ َ َ ِْ living, though you perceive (it) not. ِ ‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻠَﻰ‬‫ﲔ }٢٢{ اﻟ‬‫ﻣﺴﻪُ اﳋَْﻴـﺮ ﻣﻨُﻮﻋﺎ }١٢{ إِﻻ اﻟْﻤﺼﻠ‬-155 And we shall most certainly test you with something َ ُْ َ َ َ ُ  ً َ ُ ْ َof fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits ‫ﻠﺴﺎﺋِﻞ‬‫ﺬﻳﻦ ِﰲ أَﻣﻮ ِِﻢ ﺣﻖ ﻣﻌﻠُﻮم }٤٢{ ﻟ‬‫ﺻﻼ ِِﻢ داﺋِﻤﻮن }٣٢{ واﻟ‬ ِ  ٌ ْ   َ ْ ‫َ َ ْ َاﳍ‬ ِ َ ُ َ ْ  ََ(of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patientlypersevere, -156- who say, when afflicted with calamity: ‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻳﻦ }٦٢{ واﻟ‬ ‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﻳُﺼﺪﻗُﻮن ﺑِﻴَـﻮِم اﻟ‬‫واﻟْﻤﺤﺮوم }٥٢{ واﻟ‬ ْ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ‫ َ ْ ﺪ‬َ َ ِ َ ِ ُْ َ َ َ ُ ِ ْ  َ ِ َ َ {٢٨} ‫ِﻢ ﻏْﻴـﺮ ﻣﺄْﻣﻮن‬‫ِﻢ ﻣﺸﻔﻘﻮن }٧٢{ إِن ﻋﺬاب ر‬‫ﻋﺬاب ر‬ ٍ"To Allah we belong, and to Him is our return" -157-They are those in whom (descend) blessings from their ُ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ َ َ Lord and mercy, and they are the ones that receive ‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻟِﻔﺮوﺟﻬﻢ ﺣﺎﻓِﻈُﻮن }٩٢{ إِﻻ ﻋﻠَﻰ أَزواﺟﻬﻢ أَو ﻣﺎ ﻣﻠَﻜﺖ‬‫واﻟ‬ ْ َ َ َ ْ ْ ِ َْ َ  ِ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ُُ ْ ُ َ ِ َguidance. ‫ﻬﻢ ﻏْﻴـﺮ ﻣﻠُﻮﻣﲔ }٠٣{ ﻓَﻤﻦ اﺑْـﺘَـﻐﻰ وراءَ ذﻟِﻚ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ‬‫أَﳝَﺎﻧـُﻬﻢ ﻓَﺈﻧـ‬ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ٰ ََ ٰ ِ َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ُْ ِ ُْ ْ 4 5
  4. 4. ‫ﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻷَﻣﺎﻧَ ِِﻢ وﻋﻬﺪﻫﻢ راﻋُﻮن }٢٣{ واﻟ‬‫اﻟْﻌﺎدون }١٣{ واﻟ‬ َِ َ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ْ ‫َ ِ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ﺎ‬ َ َُ ‫}٠١{ ﻓَﻼ اﻗْـﺘَﺤﻢ اﻟْﻌﻘﺒَﺔَ }١١{ وﻣﺎ أَدراك ﻣﺎ اﻟْﻌﻘﺒَﺔُ }٢١{ ﻓَﻚ‬  ََ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ََ َ َ َ‫ﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺻﻼ ِِﻢ ﳛَﺎﻓِﻈُﻮن‬‫ﻫﻢ ﺑِﺸﻬﺎد ِِﻢ ﻗَﺎﺋِﻤﻮن }٣٣{ واﻟ‬َ ُ ْ  ََ َ ْ ُ َ ِ َ َ ُ ْ ‫ُ َ َ َا‬ ‫رﻗَـﺒَﺔ }٣١{ أَو إِﻃْﻌﺎم ِﰲ ﻳَـﻮٍم ذي ﻣﺴﻐَﺒَﺔ }٤١{ ﻳَﺘِﻴﻤﺎ ذا ﻣﻘﺮﺑَﺔ‬ ٍ ْ َ ََ ً ٍ َْ ِ ْ ٌَ ْ ٍ َ َ ُ َ‫ﻜ‬ ٍ ‫ْ ﻟﺌ َ ِ َ ﻨ‬ [‫ﺎت ﻣ ْﺮﻣﻮن }٥٣{]ﺳﻮرة ج‬‫}٤٣{ أُوَِﻚ ﰲ ﺟ‬ ِ ِ ٍ َ ِ ‫ﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا وﺗَـﻮاﺻﻮا‬‫ ﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟ‬ُ {١٦} ‫}٥١{ أَوِ ﻣﺴﻜﻴﻨًﺎ ذا ﻣْﺘـﺮﺑَﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﺎر‬ َْ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ‫ﰒ‬ ََ ْ ْ {١٨} ‫ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﱪ وﺗَـﻮاﺻﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤ ْﺮﲪَﺔ }٧١{ أُوﻟَﺌِﻚ أَﺻﺤﺎب اﻟْﻤْﻴﻤﻨَﺔ‬ ِ ََ ُ َْ َ ْ َِ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ ِ-19- Truly man was created very impatient, -20- restlesswhen touched by trouble, -21- and stingy when good [‫]ﺳﻮرة اﻟﺒﻠﺪ‬reaches him; -22- except those devoted to Ŝalâh, -23- andremain steadfast to their Ŝalâh, -24- and in whose wealth -4- Verily We have created man in hardship. -5- Does heis a stipulated share -25- for the (needy) who asks and him think that none has power over him? -6- He sayswho is deprived (due to abstaining from asking); -26- and (boastfully): Wealth have I squandered in abundance! -7-(those) who firmly believe in the Day of Judgment, -27- Does he think that none saw him? -8- Have We not madeand fear the chastisement of their Lord, -28- for there is no for him a pair of eyes? -9- and a tongue, and a pair of lips?guarantee of safety from their Lords chastisement, -29- -10- and shown him the two highways [of truth andand those who guard their chastity -30- except with their falsehood]? -11- But he has made no haste on the path thatwives and the (captives) whom their right hands possess is steep. -12- And what will explain to thee what is the(i.e. slaves), for (then) they are not to be blamed, -31- but path that is steep? -13- (It is:) freeing the slave; -14- or thethose who trespass beyond this are transgressors; -32- and giving of food in a day of privation-15- to the orphan withthose who respect their trusts and covenants, -33- and links of kinship [i.e. a relative orphan], -16- or to thestand firm in their testimonies, -34- and guard (the destitute (down) in the dust. -17- Then will he be of thosesacredness) of their Ŝalâh. -35- These will be the honoured who believe, and enjoin patience (constancy, and selfones in the Gardens (of Bliss). restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion. - 18- These are the Companions of the Right Hand [on theٌ َ ِ َ َِ ْ ٍ َ َ ِْ ْ ْ َ day of Judgement who will enter into paradise].‫ﻦ ﻳَـﻘﺪر ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ أَﺣﺪ‬‫ﻟَﻘﺪ ﺧﻠَﻘﻨَﺎ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ِﰲ ﻛﺒَﺪ }٤{ أَﳛﺴﺐ أَن ﻟ‬ ُ َ َْ َ َ{٧} ‫ﺒَﺪا }٦{ أَﳛﺴﺐ أَن ﱂْ ﻳَـﺮﻩُ أَﺣﺪ‬‫}٥{ ﻳَـﻘﻮل أَﻫﻠَ ْﺖ ﻣﺎﻻ ﻟ‬ ٌَ َ  ُ َ َْ ً ًَ ُ ‫ُ ُ ْﻜ‬ ِ ِ ِْ ِ ِِْ  ٍ ِ  ِ ُ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻪ ﻳَـﻬﺪ ﻗَـ ْﻠﺒَﻪُ واﻟﻠ‬‫ﻪ وﻣﻦ ﻳـُﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‬‫ﻣﺎ أَﺻﺎب ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﻴﺒَﺔ إِﻻ ﺑِﺈذن اﻟﻠ‬ َ ْ ََ َ َ َ‫ﺠﺪﻳْﻦ‬‫ﻪُ ﻋْﻴـﻨَـﲔ }٨{ وﻟِﺴﺎﻧًﺎ وﺷﻔﺘَـﲔ }٩{ وﻫﺪﻳْـﻨَﺎﻩُ اﻟﻨ‬‫أَﱂْ ﳒﻌﻞ ﻟ‬ِ َْ َ ََ ِْ ََ ِْ َ َ َْ َ ٍ َ َ َ ‫ْﻴﺘُﻢ ﻓَﺈﳕَﺎ‬‫ﻪَ وأَﻃﻴﻌُﻮا اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﻓَﺈن ﺗَـﻮﻟ‬‫ﺑِﻜﻞ ﺷﻲء ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ }١١{ وأَﻃﻴﻌُﻮا اﻟﻠ‬ ِ ْ َ ِ َ  ُ ِ َ ِ َ ٌ َ َْ ُ 6 7
  5. 5. ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻪُ ﻻ إِﻟَﻪَ إِﻻ ﻫﻮ وﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻠ‬‫ﻋﻠَﻰ رﺳﻮﻟِﻨَﺎ اﻟْﺒَﻼغُ اﻟْﻤﺒِﲔ }٢١{ اﻟﻠ‬ ِ َ َ َُ  َ ُ ُ َ َُ َ Your riches and your children are but a trial, but by Allah is a GREAT REWARD4. -16- So fear Allah as much as you ِ ِ ِ ‫ـ‬ َ ِ ْ ُ ِ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا إِن ﻣﻦ أَزواﺟﻜﻢ‬‫ﻬﺎ اﻟ‬‫ﻓَـ ْﻠﻴَﺘَـ َﻛﻞ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨُﻮن }٣١{ ﻳَﺎ أَﻳ‬ ْ ُ َْ ْ  َ َ َ can; listen and obey; and spend in charity for the benefit of your own souls. And those saved from the stinginess and  ِ ُ ِ ْ َ ُ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ ْ ُ  ُ َ ْ ُ ِ َْ َ َ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻜﻢ ﻓَﺎﺣﺬروﻫﻢ وإِن ﺗَـﻌﻔﻮا وﺗَﺼﻔﺤﻮا وﺗَـﻐﻔﺮوا ﻓَﺈن اﻟﻠ‬‫وأَوﻻدﻛﻢ ﻋﺪوا ﻟ‬ greed of their own souls, they are the ones that achieve ‫ﻪُ ﻋﻨﺪﻩُ أَﺟﺮ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬‫ﻏﻔﻮر رﺣﻴﻢ }٤١{ إِﳕَﺎ أَﻣﻮاﻟُﻜﻢ وأَوﻻدﻛﻢ ﻓِْﺘـﻨَ ٌ واﻟﻠ‬ ِ ٌ َ ٌْ َ ِ َ ‫ ْ َ ُ ْ َ َْ ُ ُ ْ ﺔ‬ ِ ٌ  ٌ َُ prosperity. -17- If you loan to Allah a beautiful loan, He will multiply it to your (credit), and He will grant you ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻪَ ﻣﺎ اﺳﺘَﻄَﻌﺘُﻢ واﲰَﻌُﻮا وأَﻃﻴﻌُﻮا وأَﻧﻔﻘﻮا ﺧْﻴـﺮا ﻷَﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ‬‫ـﻘﻮا اﻟﻠ‬‫}٥١{ ﻓَﺎﺗ‬ ُْ ُ  ً َ ُ َ َ َْْْ ْ َ ُ forgiveness, for Allah is most Ready to appreciate َ ُ ِْ ُ ُ ُ َ ِ ْ ِ ِ ْ  ُ َ ََ (service), Most Forbearing, -18- Knower of what is hidden َ‫ﻪ‬‫وﻣﻦ ﻳُﻮق ﺷﺢ ﻧَـﻔﺴﻪ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻤﻔﻠﺤﻮن }٦١{ ﺇِﻥ ﺗُـﻘﺮﺿﻮا اﻟﻠ‬ ُ ِْ and what is open, Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom. ِ ِ ِ ُِ‫ﻪُ ﺷﻜﻮر ﺣﻠﻴﻢ }٧١{ ﻋﺎﱂ‬‫ﻗَـ ْﺮﺿﺎ ﺣﺴﻨًﺎ ﻳُﻀﺎﻋﻔﻪُ ﻟَﻜﻢ وﻳَـﻐﻔ ْﺮ ﻟَﻜﻢ واﻟﻠ‬ َ ٌ َ ٌ ُ َ َ ُْ ْ َ ُْ ْ َ َ َ ً {١٨} ‫ﻬﺎد ِ اﻟْﻌﺰﻳﺰ اﳊَﻜﻴﻢ‬ ‫اﻟْﻐَْﻴﺐ واﻟ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫ْﻴﻞ وﻗُـ ْﺮآن اﻟْﻔﺠﺮ إِن ﻗُـ ْﺮآن‬‫ﻤﺲ إِﱃ ﻏﺴﻖ اﻟﻠ‬ ‫أَﻗِﻢ اﻟﺼﻼَة ﻟِﺪﻟُﻮك اﻟ‬ َ  ِْ َ َ َ ِ َِ َ َ ِ ْ‫ َ ُ ِ ﺸ‬ ِ [‫]ﺳﻮرة اﻟﺘﻐﺎﺑﻦ‬ ُ ْ ُ َ ‫َ ﺸ َ َة‬ ‫ﻚ ﻋﺴﻰ أَن‬‫ْﻴﻞ ﻓَـﺘَـﻬﺠﺪ ﺑِﻪ ﻧَﺎﻓِﻠَﺔً ﻟ‬‫اﻟْﻔﺠﺮ ﻛﺎن ﻣﺸﻬﻮدا }٨٧{ وﻣﻦ اﻟﻠ‬ ََ َ ِ ْ َ ِ َ َ ِ ً ُْ َ َ َ ِْ َ-11- No kind of calamity can occur, except by the ٍِْ َ ْ ِْ   ‫ﻚ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎ ﳏﻤﻮدا }٩٧{ وﻗُﻞ رب أَدﺧﻠْﻨِﻲ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﺻﺪق‬‫ﻳَـْﺒـﻌﺜَﻚ رﺑ‬permission of Allâh. And the one who places his faith in َ ُ َ ً ُ ْ ً َ َ َ َ َ َAllah, (Allah) guides his heart (aright), for Allah knows ً ُْ َ ُ ِ ‫ﺼﻴﺮا‬‫ﺪﻧﻚ ﺳﻠﻄَﺎﻧًﺎ ﻧ‬‫ﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻟ‬‫وأَﺧﺮﺟﻨِﻲ ﻣﺨﺮج ﺻﺪق واﺟﻌﻞ ﻟ‬ ِ ٍ ِ ْ َْ َ ْ َ َْ ُ ِْ ْ َall things. -12- So obey Allah, and obey His Messenger, ِ  ِ {٨١} ‫}٠٨{ وﻗُﻞ ﺟﺎء اﳊَﻖ وزﻫﻖ اﻟْﺒَﺎﻃﻞ إِن اﻟْﺒَﺎﻃﻞ ﻛﺎن زﻫﻮﻗًﺎ‬but if you turn back, the duty of Our Messenger is but to َُ َ َ َ ُ َ َََ  ْ َ ْ َproclaim (the Message) clearly and openly. -13- ALLAH!There is none worthy of worship but He. And on ALLAH, ‫ﺎﻟِﻤﲔ إَﻻ‬‫ْﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ وﻻَ ﻳَﺰﻳْﺪ اﻟﻈ‬‫وﻧـُﻨَـﺰل ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻘ ْﺮآن ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺷﻔﺎءٌ ورﲪٌَ ﻟ‬ َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ْ ُ ‫َ ْ ﺔ‬ َ ِ َ ُ َ ِ ُ َ ِ ُ  َtherefore, let the Believers put their trust.-14- O you who ‫ﺧﺴﺎرا }٢٨{ وإِذا أَﻧْـﻌﻤﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن أَﻋﺮض وﻧَﺎٰى ﲜَﺎﻧِﺒِﻪ وإِذا‬ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َْ ِ َ ِ َ ْ َ َ َ ًََbelieve! Truly, among your wives and your children are(some that are) enemies to yourselves2, so beware of them! ‫ﻜﻢ‬‫ ﻳَـﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺷﺎﻛِﻠَﺘِﻪ ﻓَـﺮﺑ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻪُ اﻟﺸﺮ ﻛﺎن ﻳَـﺆوﺳﺎ }٣٨{ ﻗُﻞ ﻛ‬ ُْ َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ْ ‫ْ ُﻞ‬ ً ُ َ َ   َBut if you forgive and overlook3, and cover up (theirfaults), verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. -15- ‫ْﻠ ُ ِ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ﺒ ﻼ‬ [‫أَﻋَﻢ ﲟَﻦ ﻫﻮ أَﻫﺪى ﺳِﻴ ً }٤٨{]ﺳﻮرة اﻹﺳﺮاء‬2 As they become a cause of you disobeying Allâh, and lagging behind indrawing closer to Him.3 By not becoming upset with them over that, but merely do not allow them to 4 Thus do not lose out by becoming preoccupied with your wealth andbe a barrier between you and Allâh. families. 8 9
  6. 6. -78- Establish Ŝalâh- at the suns decline till the darkness of -30- Whatever misfortune happens to you, is because ofthe night, and the recitation of Fajr, for verily the recitation what [wrongs] your [own] hands have earned5, and Heof Fajr is witnessed [by the angels of the day and night]. - overlooks much [of man’s doings].79- And perform tahajjud with it [i.e. with the Qurân] -31- You are not able to render [Allâh] powerless [byduring the night, as an additional prayer (or spiritual escaping] through the earth; nor have you besides Allahprofit) for yourself. [O Muĥammad!] Soon will thy Creator any one to protect or to help [you].raise thee to a station of praise! -80- And say: O myCreator let my entry be by the gate of truth and honour,and likewise my exit by the gate of truth and honour; and ٌ ٌ ُ     َ ِْ ْ َ ُ ِ ُ َ ِْ ُ ْ َ {٤٩}‫ﻻ ﻳَﺴﺄَم اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﻣﻦ دﻋﺎء اﳋَﲑ وإِن ﻣﺴﻪُ اﻟﺸﺮ ﻓَـﻴَـﺆوس ﻗَـﻨُﻮط‬grant me from thy presence an authority to aid (me). -81-And say: truth has (now) arrived, and falsehood perished:  َ َ َ َ  ُ  َ َ ِ ْ ِ  ْ َ َ ْ َ ‫ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﺿﺮاء ﻣﺴْﺘﻪُ ﻟَﻴَـﻘﻮﻟَﻦ ﻫﺬا ِﱄ وﻣﺎ أَﻇُﻦ‬‫وﻟَﺌِﻦ أَذﻗْـﻨَﺎﻩُ رﲪَﺔً ﻣﻨ‬ ِ ِ ‫ﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﺌَﻦ اﻟ‬‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔَ ﻗَﺎﺋِﻤﺔً وﻟَﺌِﻦ رﺟﻌﺖ إِﱃ رﰊ إِن ِﱄ ﻋﻨﺪﻩُ ﻟَْﻠﺤﺴﲎ ﻓَـﻠَﻨُـﻨَﺒ‬ ِ   َfor falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish. -82- We َ  َْ ُ َ َ ُ ْ  َ َ َ send down (stage by stage) in the Quran that which is ahealing and a mercy to those who believe: to the unjust it ‫ﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺬاب ﻏﻠِﻴﻆ }٠٥{ وإِ َا أَﻧْـﻌﻤﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠَﻰ‬‫ﻛﻔﺮوا ِﲟَﺎ ﻋﻤﻠُﻮا وﻟَﻨُﺬﻳﻘﻨ‬ َ َْ ‫َ ذ‬ ٍ َ ٍ َ  ‫َِـ‬ َ ْ ُ َ َ ِ َُ َincreases nothing but loss [after loss]. -83- [Yet] when we ِ َ َ ُ ُ ‫ ﻓ‬  ‫ ﻪ‬ َ َ ‫ِْ ِ ْ َ َ ﲜ ﺒ ِ َ إ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎن أَﻋﺮض وﻧَﺄى ِ َﺎﻧِِﻪ وِذا ﻣﺴ ُ اﻟﺸﺮ َﺬو دﻋﺎء ﻋﺮﻳﺾٍ ]ﺳﻮرة‬bestow our favours on man, he turns away and becomes َ َremote on his side [instead of coming to us], and when [‫ﺣﻢ اﻟﺴﺠﺪة‬hardship seizes him he gives himself up to despair! -84-Say: everyone acts according to his own way, but your -49- Man does not weary of asking for good (things), but ifLord knows best who it is that is best guided on the way. ill touches him, he gives up all hope (and) is lost in despair. -50- When We give him a taste of some mercy from Ourselves, after some adversity has touched him, he‫وﻳَـﻌﻔﻮ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺜِﲑ‬ٍْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ِ ‫أَﻳْﺪﻳﻜﻢ‬ ٍ ِ  ُ ‫وﻣﺎ أَﺻﺎﺑَﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﻴﺒَﺔ ﻓَﺒِﻤﺎ ﻛﺴﺒَﺖ‬ َ ُْ ْ ََ َ َ ََ is sure to say, This is due to my (merit): I think not that the ِَ ِِ ِ ُ ‫}٠٣{ وﻣﺎ أَﻧﺘُﻢ ِﲟُﻌﺠﺰﻳﻦ ِﰲ اﻷَرض وﻣﺎ‬ Hour (of Judgment) will (ever) be established; but if I am‫ﻪ ﻣﻦ وِﱄ‬‫دون اﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ‬  ُ ََ ِ ْ ْ َ ِ ْ ْ ََ brought back to my Lord, I have (much) good (stored) by ٍِ َ [‫وﻻ ﻧَﺼﲑ }١٣{ ]ﺳﻮرة اﻟﺸﻮرى‬ Him! But we will inform the unbelievers the truth of all َ 5 Says ‘Allamah Suyuti ‫ رﲪﻪ اﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬beneath this âyah: “As for those who do not sin, their afflictions in the worldly life is for the sake raising their stages in the hereafter”. 10 11
  7. 7. that they did, and We shall give them the taste of a severe Allâh Ta`âlâ relates to us in Sūrah Ibrâhīm that Mūsâpunishment. -51- When We bestow favours on man, he said to his people:turns away, and gets himself remote on his side (instead ofcoming to Us); and when difficulty seizes him, (hebecomes) one of prolonged prayer! ٌ ِ َ ِ َ َ  ُْ َ َ َ ْ ُ َ ِ ُْ َ َ ‫ﻜﻢ وﻟَﺌِﻦ ﻛﻔ ْﺮﰎ إِن ﻋﺬاﰊ ﻟَﺸﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ﻜﻢ ﻟَﺌِﻦ ﺷﻜ ْﺮﰎ ﻷَزﻳﺪﻧ‬‫ن رﺑ‬ َ‫وإِذ ﺗَﺄ‬ ُْ َ َ‫َ ْ ذ‬ ِ  ِ ً َِ ِ ْ ‫}٧{ وﻗَﺎل ﻣﻮﺳﻰ إِن ﺗَﻜﻔﺮواْ أَﻧﺘُﻢ وﻣﻦ ِﰲ اﻷَرض ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﻓَﺈن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻟَﻐَﲏ‬ َ َ ْ ُُ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ  َ َ ْ ِ ِ َ‫ﺎ إِذا‬‫ﻓَﺈن أَﻋﺮﺿﻮا ﻓَﻤﺎ أَرﺳ ْﻠﻨَﺎك ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﺣﻔﻴﻈًﺎ إِن ﻋﻠَْﻴﻚ إِﻻ اﻟْﺒَﻼغُ وإِﻧ‬ ِ ٌ َِ [‫ﲪﻴﺪ }٨{]ﺳﻮرة إﺑﺮاﻫﻴﻢ‬ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ُ َْ ْ ِ ِ ْ َ‫ِ ُ َ ﺔ ﺪ‬ ِ ِ‫ﻣﺖ أَﻳْﺪﻳﻬﻢ‬ َ‫ﺌَ ٌ ِﲟَﺎ ﻗ‬‫َﺎ وإِن ﺗُﺼْﺒـﻬﻢ ﺳﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ رﲪَﺔً ﻓَ ِح‬‫أَ َﻗْـﻨَﺎ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﻣﻨ‬ ْ ْ َ َ ‫ذ ِْ َ َ َ ْ ﺮ‬ -7- And remember when your Lord proclaimed: "If you are‫ﻪ ﻣ ْﻠﻚ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات واﻷَرض ﳜْﻠُﻖ ﻣﺎ ﻳَﺸﺎء‬‫ﻓَﺈن اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﻛﻔﻮر }٨٤{ ﻟِﻠ‬ َ َ ُ َ ِ ْ َْ ِ َ َ ُ ُ ِ ٌ ُ َ َ َ ِْ  ِ grateful, I will increase (my favours) unto you; but if you show ingratitude, truly My punishment is severe." -8- And‫ﻳَـﻬﺐ ﻟِﻤﻦ ﻳَﺸﺎء إِﻧَﺎﺛًﺎ وﻳَـﻬﺐ ﻟِﻤﻦ ﻳَﺸﺎء اﻟﺬﻛﻮر}٩٤{ أَو ﻳـُﺰوﺟﻬﻢ‬ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َُ  َ َ ُ ََ َ َْ ُ َ Mūsâ [ ] said: "If you and all those on earth together‫ذﻛﺮاﻧًﺎ وِﻧَﺎﺛًﺎ وﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳَﺸﺎء ﻋﻘﻴﻤﺎ ِﻧ ُ ﻋِﻴﻢ َﺪﻳﺮ }٠٥{]ﺳﻮرة‬ ِ ِ ٌ ‫ﻪ َﻠ ٌ ﻗ‬ ‫ُ ْ َ َ إ َ َْ َ ُ َ َ َ ً إ‬ show ingratitude, [then remember that] lo! Allah Free of all wants, Worthy of all praise”. [‫اﻟﺸﻮرى‬-48- If then they turn away, We have not sent thee as a ‫ـﺮواْ ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺣﱴ ﻳـُﻐَﻴ‬ َ ُ َ ‫ﻌﻤﺔً أَﻧْـﻌﻤﻬﺎ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻗَـﻮٍم‬‫ـﺮا ﻧ‬‫ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﱂْ ﻳَﻚ ﻣﻐَﻴ‬ ْ َ َ َ َ َ ْ‫َ ُ ُ ً ـ‬  َ َguard over them. Thy duty is but to convey (the Message). [‫ﺑِﺄَﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ وأَن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﲰﻴﻊ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ }٣٥{]ﺳﻮرة اﻷﻧﻔﺎل‬ ٌ َ ٌ َ ِ  َ ُِِْAnd truly, when We give man a taste of a Mercy fromourselves, he becomes haughty with it, but when some illhappens to him, on account of the deeds which his hands 53- … That was because Allah will never change thehave sent forth, truly then is man ungrateful! -49- To Allah bounty which he has bestowed on a people until theybelongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. He change what is within themselves [of deeds andcreates what He wills (and plans). He bestows (children) conditions], and verily Allah is the All-Hearing, the All-male or female according to His Will (and Plan), -50- Or Knowing.He bestows both males and females, and He leaves barrenwhom He will for He is full of knowledge an power. ‫ـﺮواْ ﻣﺎ ﺑِﺄَﻧْـﻔﺴﻬﻢ وإِذا أَراد اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺑِﻘﻮٍم‬‫ـﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺑِﻘﻮٍم ﺣﱴ ﻳـُﻐَﻴ‬‫إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻻَ ﻳـُﻐَﻴ‬ َْ ِ َ َ َ َ ْ ِ ُ َ ُ  َ َْ َ ُ  [‫ﺳﻮءًا ﻓَﻼَ ﻣﺮد ﻟَﻪُ وﻣﺎ ﳍُﻢ ﻣﻦ دوﻧِﻪ ﻣﻦ وال }١١{]ﺳﻮرة اﻟﺮﻋﺪ‬ ٍ ِِ ُ  َ َ َ َ ََ ُ 12 13
  8. 8. AĤÂDÎTH-11-Verily Allah does not change the condition of a peopleuntil they change what is within themselves. But when ‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﻨﻮوي ﰲ اﻷذﻛﺎر: روﻳﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎب اﺑﻦ اﻟﺴﲏ، ﻋﻦ أﻧﺲ رﺿﻲ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ؛‬(once) Allah wills a peoples punishment, there can be norepelling of it. And they will have none besides him to ،ً‫ ﻣﺎ ﺟﻌْﻠﺘَﻪُ ﺳﻬﻼ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﻻ ﺳﻬﻞ إِﻻ‬‫أن رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل: "اﻟﻠ‬ َْ ََ َ َْ ُ ِ َ َ ‫وأﻧْﺖ ﲡﻌﻞ اﳊَﺰن إذا ﺷْﺌﺖ ﺳﻬﻼً" ﻗﻠﺖ: اﳊَﺰن ﺑﻔﺘﺢ اﳊﺎء اﳌﻬﻤﻠﺔ وإﺳﻜﺎن‬protect [them]. ْ ُ َْ َ ْ ُ َ َْ َ .‫اﻟﺰاي: وﻫﻮ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ اﻷرض وﺧﺸﻨﻬﺎ اه‬Allâh Ta`âlâ addresses Rasûlullâh ^ with the followingwords: Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: ِ‫ﺬي أَﻧﻘﺾ‬‫أَﱂْ ﻧَﺸَح ﻟَﻚ ﺻﺪرك }١{ ووﺿﻌﻨَﺎ ﻋﻨﻚ وزرك }٢{ اﻟ‬ َ َ ِْ َ َ ْ َ َ َ ََ ْ َ َ ْ‫َ ْﺮ‬ َِ َ ً‫ ﻣﺎ ﺟﻌْﻠﺘَﻪُ ﺳﻬﻼً، وأﻧْﺖ ﲡﻌﻞ اﳊَﺰن إذا ﺷْﺌﺖ ﺳﻬﻼ‬‫ﻬﻢ ﻻ ﺳﻬﻞ إِﻻ‬‫اﻟﻠ‬ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ ُ َ َْ َ َْ ََ َ َْ ُ ً ْ ِْ ََ  َ َ ْ ِ َ ْ ََ‫ﻇَﻬﺮك }٣{ ورﻓَـﻌﻨَﺎ ﻟَﻚ ذﻛﺮك }٤{ ﻓَﺈن ﻣﻊ اﻟْﻌُﺴﺮ ﻳُﺴﺮا }٥{ إِن‬ ِ ََْ “O Allâh! There is no ease besides that which You make easy;‫ﻚ ﻓَﺎرﻏﺐ‬‫ﻣﻊ اﻟْﻌﺴﺮ ﻳُﺴﺮا }٦{ ﻓَﺈذا ﻓَـﺮﻏﺖ ﻓَﺎﻧﺼﺐ }٧{ وإِﱃ رﺑ‬ ْ َْ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ َْ َ ِ ِ ًْ ْ ُ َ َ and You are the one who turns hard ground into a soft plain”. [‫}٨{]ﺳﻮرة اﻻﻧﺸﺮاح‬  ِ َ ُ ِْ ‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﻨﻮوي ﰲ اﻷذﻛﺎر: ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ:" اﳌﺆﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﻮي‬ ُ1- Have We not expanded for thee thy chest? -2- and ‫ﻌِﻴﻒ، وﰲ ﻛﻞ ﺧْﻴـﺮ، اﺣﺮص ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻪ ﺗَﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻦ اﳌﺆﻣﻦ اﻟ‬‫ﺧْﻴـﺮ وأﺣﺐ إﱃ اﻟﻠ‬ ْ ِْ ٌ َ  ُ ِ ‫ِ ِْ ِ ﻀ‬ َ ِ  َ ٌََremoved from thee thy burden -3- which weight thy back? ُ ِ ٢٠٥٢/٤ ‫ﻪ وﻻ ﺗَـﻌﺠﺰن )ﻛﺬا ﺑﺎﻷﺻﻞ وﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬‫ﻳـَْﻨـﻔﻌُﻚ، واﺳﺘَﻌِﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻠ‬ َ ْ ِ ْ ْ َ َ-4- and raised high the esteem of thy mention? -5- So,verily, with every difficulty, there is ease: -6- Verily, with ،‫"وﻻ ﺗﻌﺠﺰ"( ، وإن أﺻﺎﺑَﻚ ﺷﻲءٌ ﻓَﻼَ ﺗَـﻘﻞ: ﻟَﻮ أَﱐ ﻓَـﻌْﻠﺖ ﻛﺬا ﻛﺎن ﻛﺬا َﻛﺬا‬ َ َ‫َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ و‬ ْ ُْ َْ َ ْ ْevery difficulty there is ease. -7- Therefore, when thou art ِ ‫ﺸ‬ ِ ."‫ﻴﻄﺎن‬ ‫ﻪُ وﻣﺎ ﺷﺎء ﻓَـﻌﻞ، ﻓﺈن "ﻟَﻮ" ﺗَـﻔﺘَﺢ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟ‬‫ر اﻟﻠ‬ َ‫و ﻟَﻜﻦ ﻗُﻞ ﻗ‬free (from thine immediate task, still) labour hard, -8- And ْ َ ََ ُ ْ ْ  َ َ َ َ‫َ ْ ْ ﺪ‬to thy Lord turn (all) thy attention. Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “A [physically] strong believer is better than a [physically] weak believer. [However, in everyone there is some goodness, therefore hasten to that which is beneficial for you. And seek 14 15
  9. 9. assistance from Allâh and never become helpless. Then ifanything befalls you never say: “Only if I had done likethis then it would have happened such…”. Instead say: ‫ﻬﻢ اﻛﻔﲏ ﲝَﻼﻟِﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺮاﻣﻚ، وأﻏﻨِﲏ ﺑِﻔﻀﻠِﻚ ﻋﻤﻦ ﺳﻮاك‬‫اﻟﻠ‬ َ َ ِ ْ  َ َ ْ َ ِْ ْ َ َ ِ ََ ْ َ َ ِ ِِْ ْ  ُ‫ر اﷲُ وﻣﺎ ﺷﺎءَ ﻓَـﻌﻞ‬ َ‫“ ﻗ‬Allâh had destined, and He did as Heَ َ َ ََ َ‫ﺪ‬ “O Allâh! Suffice me with Your ĥalâl [sustenance] from whatpleased”. [Do not make the former statement as] the word You have forbidden, and make me self-sufficient from everyone“if” opens the [road for] the deed of shaiţân”. besides You by your grace”. ‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﻨﻮوي ﰲ اﻷذﻛﺎر: روﻳﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺎب اﻟﱰﻣﺬي ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ رﺿﻲ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ أن‬ ّ ‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﻨﻮوي ﰲ اﻷذﻛﺎر: وروﻳﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺳﻨﻦ أﰊ داود ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ اﳋﺪري رﺿﻲ‬ ٍ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﺗﺒﺎً ﺟﺎءﻩ ﻓﻘﺎل: إﱐ ﻋﺠﺰت ﻋﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﱵ ﻓﺄﻋﲏ، ﻗﺎل: أﻻ أُﻋﻠّﻤﻚ ﻛﻠﻤﺎت‬ ّ ُ ُ ‫ﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ذات ﻳﻮم اﳌﺴﺠﺪ ﻓﺈذا ﻫﻮ‬‫اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﺎل: دﺧﻞ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠ‬ ُ َ ٍْ ِ ًَ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻨﻴﻬﻦ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ، ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎن ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺟﺒﻞ ﺻﲑ دﻳﻨﺎ‬ ُ ً‫ﺑﺮﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻧﺼﺎر ﻳُﻘﺎل ﻟﻪ أﺑﻮ أﻣﺎﻣﺔ، ﻓﻘﺎل: "ﻳﺎ أﺑﺎ أُﻣﺎﻣﺔَ! ﻣﺎ ﱄ أراك ﺟﺎﻟِﺴﺎ‬ ََ َ ‫ﻬﻢ اﻛﻔﲏ ﲝَﻼﻟِﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺮاﻣﻚ، وأﻏﻨِﲏ ﺑِﻔﻀﻠِﻚ ﻋﻤﻦ‬‫أداﻩ ﻋﻨﻚ؟ ﻗﻞ: "اﻟﻠ‬ ْ  َ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ ََ ْ َ َ ِ ِ ِْ  ُ ّ ِ َِ ِِ :‫ﰲ اﳌﺴﺠﺪ ِﰲ ﻏﲑ وﻗْﺖ ﺻﻼةٍ؟" ﻗﺎل: ﳘﻮم ﻟﺰﻣﺘﲏ ودﻳﻮن ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ! ﻗﺎل‬ َ َ ْ َْ َ ِ ‫ﺳﻮاك" ﻗﺎل اﻟﱰﻣﺬي: ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ. وﻗﺪ ﻗﺪﻣﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺑﺎب ﻣﺎ ﻳُﻘﺎل ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺼﺒﺎح واﳌﺴﺎء‬ ّ ‫ﻚ وﻗﻀﻰ ﻋْﻨﻚ دﻳْـﻨَﻚ؟" ﻗﻠﺖ: ﺑﻠﻰ‬‫ﻪُ ﳘ‬‫ﻤﻚ ﻛﻼﻣﺎً إذَا ﻗُْﻠﺘَﻪُ أذﻫﺐ اﻟﻠ‬‫"أﻓَﻼ أُﻋﻠ‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َْ ‫ـ‬ َ َ َُ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ أﰊ داود )اﻧﻈﺮ اﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺮﻗﻢ ١٢/٠٩١( ، ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ اﳋﺪري ﰲ ﻗﺼﺔ اﻟﺮﺟﻞ‬ ِ ‫ﻬﻢ إِﱐ أﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ! ﻗﺎل:"ﻗُﻞ إذَا أﺻﺒَﺤﺖ وإذَا أﻣﺴْﻴﺖ: اﻟﻠ‬ ُ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ ْ:‫اﻟﺼﺤﺎﰊ اﻟﺬي ﻳُﻘﺎل ﻟﻪ أﺑﻮ أﻣﺎﻣﺔ، وﻗﻮﻟﻪ "ﳘﻮم ﻟﺰﻣﺘﲏ ودﻳﻮن." وﻗﺎل اﳊﺎﻓﻆ ﺑﻌﺪ ﲣﺮﳚﻪ‬ َ َ ْ ِ َِ َ ِْ َ َ ِ َ ،‫اﳍَﻢ واﳊُﺰن، وأﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺠﺰ واﻟﻜﺴﻞ، وأﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ اﳉُﱭ واﻟﺒُﺨﻞ‬ ِ ِْ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ أﺧﺮﺟﻪ اﻟﱰﻣﺬي واﳊﺎﻛﻢ. و"ﺻﲑ" اﺳﻢ ﺟﺒﻞ، وﰲ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﻟﻠﱰﻣﺬي‬ َ َ ّ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳْﻦ وﻗَـﻬﺮ اﻟﺮﺟﺎل". ﻗﺎل: ﻓﻔﻌﻠﺖ ذﻟﻚ، ﻓﺄذﻫﺐ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ ‫وأﻋﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻠَﺒَﺔ اﻟ‬ "‫"ﺛﺒﲑ‬ َ ُ ّ ِْ َ ِ ‫َ ْ َ ﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳘّﻲ وﻏﻤﻲ وﻗﻀﻰ ﻋﲏ دﻳﲏ‬ َ ٰ ّA mukâtab slave6 came to `Ali and said: “I have becomeunable to pay my sum of kitâbah7”. Ali replied: “May I Once Rasûlullâh ^ entered the masjid, and found aninform you of words which were taught to me by anŝâri by the name of Abū Umâmah there. Rasûlullâh ^Rasûlullâh ^ that are such, that if you have a debt equal to asked him: “O Abū Umâmah! How is it that I see youthat of the Mount Ŝīr, Allâh will assist you to pay it? Say: sitting in the masjid in a time of no Ŝalâh?” He replied: “[Due to] worries and debts that have obliged me O6 A mukaatab slave is one who has been granted a choice to buy his freedom, Rasûlullâh!” Rasûlullâh ^ said: “Should I not teach you aby paying a set sum of money.7 The sum due upon the mukaatab to buy his freedom. statement, when you would say it, Allâh will remove your 16 17
  10. 10. worry and fulfill your debt?” The man said: “Certainly ORasûl of Allâh!” Rasûlullâh ^ told him: “Say in the Ummu Salamah says: “I heard Rasûlullâh ^ saying:morning and evening: “Any slave [of Allâh] who is afflicted by some difficulty and says: ِ َ َ ِ ْ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِ ْ ْ َ  ْ َ ِ َ ْ ْ  ُ‫ﻬﻢ إِﱐ أﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ اﳍَﻢ واﳊُﺰن، وأﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻌﺠﺰ واﻟﻜﺴﻞ، وأﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ‬‫اﻟﻠ‬َ ْ ‫ﻬﻢ اْﺟﺮِﱐ ِﰲ ﻣﺼْﻴﺒَﱵ واَﺧﻠِﻒ ِﱄ ﺧﲑاً ﻣْﻨـﻬﺎ‬‫ﺎ إِﻟَْﻴﻪ راﺟﻌُﻮن؛ اﻟﻠ‬‫إﻧّﺎ ﻟِﻠّﻪ وإﻧ‬ ِ ِ َ ْ َ ْ ْ ْ َ ِْ ُ ْ ْ ُْ  ُ َ ْ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ْ ِْ َ ِ ‫ﻳْﻦ وﻗَـﻬﺮ اﻟﺮﺟﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ اﳉُﱭ واﻟﺒُﺨﻞ، وأﻋُﻮذُ ﺑِﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻠَﺒَﺔ اﻟ‬ َّ ِْ َ ِ ‫ْ َ ْ َ ﺪ‬ “Verily to Allâh do we belong, and to Him is our return, O“O Allâh! I seek your refuge from worries and grief; I seek your Allâh! Reward me during my difficulty and create a better refuge from helplessness and laziness; I seek your refuge from substitute for me” cowardice and niggardliness, and I seek your refuge from overpowering debts and force of men”. will certainly be rewarded by Allâh Ta`âlâ during his difficulty, and He will create a better substitute for him”.Abū Umâmah says: “I did so, so Allâh took away all my Ummu Salamah says: “[My husband] Abu Salamah worries, grief, and fulfilled my debts for me”. passed away, so I recited [the dua] as Rasûlullâh instructed me, so Allâh substituted me with someone better than him: Rasûlullâh ”. [i.e. she became the wife of:‫ﻗﺎل اﻟﻨﻮوي ﰲ اﻷذﻛﺎر: روﻳﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ، ﻋﻦ أُم ﺳﻠﻤﺔ رﺿﻲ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ‬ ّ ُ Rasûlullâh ^]. ُ ُ ‫ُِ ﺔ‬ ٍ ِ‫ﲰﻌﺖ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻳﻘﻮل: "ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋْﺒﺪ ﺗُﺼﻴﺒُﻪُ ﻣﺼﻴﺒَ ٌ ﻓَـﻴَـﻘﻮل: إﻧّﺎ‬ َ ُ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِِ ِ ‫ج اﻹﻣﺎم اﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ ﻋﻤﺮو ﺑْﻦ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ﺑْﻦ أَﰊ ﺣﺴﲔ »أَن ﻋﻤﺮو ﺑْﻦ ﺷﻌْﻴﺐ‬ُ‫ أَﺟﺮﻩ‬‫ﻬﻢ أْﺟﺮِﱐ ِﰲ ﻣﺼﻴﺒَﱵ وأﺧﻠﻒ ﱄ ﺧﲑاً ﻣْﻨﻬﺎ إﻻ‬‫ﺎ إِﻟَْﻴﻪ راﺟﻌُﻮن؛ اﻟﻠ‬‫ﻪ وإﻧ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ََ َْ ْ ْ ُ ُْ  ُ َ َ ٍ َُ َ ََْ ّ َْ ُ ِ ِ ٍ َ ِ َْ ‫أﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻪُ ﺗَﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻣﺼﻴﺒَﺘِﻪ وأﺧﻠَﻒ ﻟَﻪُ ﺧﲑاً ﻣْﻨﻬﺎ"، ﻗﺎﻟﺖ: ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﰲ أﺑﻮ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﻗﻠﺖ‬‫اﻟﻠ‬ ِ َْ َ ْ ِ ِ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ٍ َّ ْ َ ُ ِ ٍ ِ ِ ّْ ِ َ ِ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ ‫ﻛﺘَﺐ إﱃ ﻋْﺒﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺑْﻦ ﻋْﺒﺪ اﻟﺮﲪَﻦ ﺑْﻦ أَﺑِــﻲ ﺣﺴﲔ ﻳـُﻌﺰﻳﻪ ﺑِﺎﺑْﻦ ﻟَﻪُ ﻫﻠَﻚ وذَﻛﺮ ِﰲ‬:‫ﻛﻤﺎ أﻣﺮﱐ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ، ﻓﺄﺧﻠﻒ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﱄ ﺧﲑاً ﻣﻨﻪ‬ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ َْ ِ ِ ِ َ ِّ َ ْ َ ُ ّ ُ ‫ﻛِﺘَﺎﺑِﻪ أَﻧّﻪُ ﲰﻊ أَﺑَﺎﻩُ ﳛَﺪث ﻋﻦ ﺟﺪﻩ ﻋْﺒﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺑْﻦ ﻋﻤﺮو ﺑْﻦ اﻟْﻌﺎص ﻗَﺎل: »ﻗَﺎل‬ ََ ِ ِ .‫رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‬ َ ‫رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ: إن اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻻَ ﻳـَﺮﺿﻰ ﻟِﻌْﺒﺪﻩِ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻦ، إذا ذﻫﺐ‬ َ ََ َ ِ ُْ ِ ِ َ َْ َ ّ ِ ُ َُ ِْ َ ٍ ِ ِ َ ِِِ .«‫ﺑِﺼﻔﻴّﻪ ﻣﻦ أَﻫﻞ اﻷَرض ﻓَﺼﺒَـﺮ واﺣﺘَﺴﺐ وﻗَﺎل ﻣﺎ أُﻣﺮ ﺑِﻪ ﺑِﺜَـﻮاب، دون اﳉَﻨّﺔ‬ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ َ ِ ْ ِْ ْ َ 18 19
  11. 11. Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Certainly Allâh salâm, and saying: “Verily, to Allâh alone belongs all thatTa`âlâ is not pleased [to grant] any reward besides Jannah He takes, and to Him alone belongs all that He gives.to that believing slave of His, who exercises patience upon Everything has an appointed time by Him. Therefore, shethe demise of his beloved from the people of the earth, should exercise patience and hope [for Allâh’s rewards].then hopes [for reward from Allâh] and says only what he She then sent for him, begging him on Allâh’s name thatwas instructed to say8.” he should come to her. So Rasûlullâh ^ stood up, and with him was Sa`d ibn `Ubâdah, Mu`âth ibn Jabal, Ubayy ibn ِ ِ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻪُ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ وﺳﻠ‬‫ﻰ اﻟﻠ‬‫ﻪ ﺻﻠ‬‫وﻋﻦ أﰊ زﻳﺪ أﺳﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﻦ زﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺎرﺛﺔ ﻣﻮﱃ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠ‬ Ka`b, Zaid ibn Thâbit and others . The child was raised ََ َ َ َُ َْ to Rasûlullâh ^. He placed it in his lap, whilst the child’s ِ ِ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻪُ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ وﺳﻠ‬‫ﻰ اﻟﻠ‬‫ﻪُ ﻋْﻨـﻬﻤﺎ ﻗﺎل: أرﺳﻠﺖ ﺑﻨﺖ اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠ‬‫وﺣﺒﻪ واﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﻪ رﺿﻲ اﻟﻠ‬ ََ َ َ  ُ ْ َُ َ َ breath was making a sound. Rasûlullâh’s ^ eyes began to ِ ْ َ ْ َِ ،‫إن اﺑْﲏ ﻗﺪ اﺣﺘُﻀﺮ ﻓﺎﺷﻬﺪﻧﺎ. ﻓﺄرﺳﻞ ﻳُﻘﺮئ اﻟﺴﻼم وﻳﻘﻮل: "إن ﷲ ﻣﺎ أﺧﺬ‬ َ َ  tear. Sa`d enquired: “O Rasûlullâh! [Tell us] about this!” ‫وﻟﻪ ﻣﺎ أﻋﻄﻰ، ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲء ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺄﺟﻞ ﻣﺴﻤﻰ، ﻓﻠﺘﺼﱪ وﻟﺘﺤﺘﺴﺐ" ﻓﺄرﺳﻠﺖ‬ ‫و‬ Rasûlullâh replied: “This is mercy that Allâh has placed in the hearts of His slaves… And Allâh only shows mercy َ ٍ ُ ِ ‫ﻬﺎ، ﻓﻘﺎم وﻣﻌﻪ ﺳﻌﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎدة وﻣﻌﺎذُ ﺑﻦ ﺟﺒﻞ وأُﰊ اﺑﻦ‬‫إﻟﻴﻪ ﺗُﻘﺴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﻴﺄﺗﻴﻨ‬ َ ُ ُ upon those who show mercy”. ِ ِ ُِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻰ اﻟﻠ‬‫ﻪ ﺻﻠ‬‫ﻪُ ﻋْﻨـﻬﻢ، ﻓﺮﻓﻊ إِﱃ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠ‬‫ﻛﻌﺐ وزﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ورﺟﺎل رﺿﻲ اﻟﻠ‬ َ َُ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ٌ :‫ﻢ اﻟﺼﱯ، ﻓﺄﻗﻌﺪﻩ ﰲ ﺣﺠﺮﻩ وﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺗﻘﻌﻘﻊ ﻓﻔﺎﺿﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻩ. ﻓﻘﺎل ﺳﻌﺪ‬‫ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ وﺳﻠ‬ ِ :‫ﻋﻦ أَﰊ ﻫﺮﻳْـﺮةَ رﻓَـﻌﻪُ إِﱃ اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل: "ﻳﻘﻮل اﷲ ﻋﺰ وﺟﻞ‬  ََ َ ّ َ َ َّ ّ َ َ َ َ َُ ِ ‫ﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬا؟ ﻓﻘﺎل: "ﻫﺬﻩ رﲪ ٌ ﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ اﷲُ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮب ﻋﺒﺎدﻩ. وﰲ‬‫ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠ‬ ِ‫َ ْ ﻨ‬ ِ ‫ﻣﻦ أَذﻫﺒﺖ ﺣِ ََـﻴﻪ ﻓَﺼَـﺮ واﺣَﺴﺐ ﱂْ أَرض ﻟَ ُ ﺛَﻮاﺑﺎً دون اﳉَّﺔ ." ﻗﺎل أﺑﻮ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ َُ ُ َ ‫َ ْ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ﺒﻴﺒﺘ ْ َﺒ َ َ ْ ﺘ َ َ َ ْ َ ﻪ ـ‬ ِ ِ ‫ـﻔﻖ‬‫رواﻳﺔ: ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮب ﻣﻦ ﺷﺎء ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎدﻩ، وإﳕﺎ ﻳﺮﺣﻢ اﷲُ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎدﻩ اﻟﺮﲪَﺎءَ" ﻣﺘ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺴﻰ اﻟﱰﻣﺬي: ﻫﺬا ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ٌ ٌّ ُ َ ْ َُ ْ ٌ ٌ ِ .‫ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ‬ َ Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Allâh `Azza wa Jall says: “That person whose two beloved [eyes] haveOnce, the daughter of Rasûlullâh ^ sent for him saying: been taken away by me, and he exercises patience and“Verily, my son is experiencing the throes of death, so hopes for reward, I am pleased with no reward for himcome to us”. Rasûlullâh ^ sent [the messenger] conveying but Jannah”.8 ‫ﺎ إﻟَﻴْﻪ‬‫ﺎ ﷲ واِﻧ‬‫( اِﻧ‬verily, to Allâh alone do we belong, and to ِ َ ُْ ِ َ i.e. he says: ‫راﺟﻌﻮن‬ َ ِHim alone shall be our return) and ‫ر ُ وﻣﺎ ﺷﺎء َـﻌﻞ‬ َ (Allâh destined it (such), َ َ ‫ﻗﺪ َ اﷲ َ َ َ َ ﻓ‬and He did as He willed). 20 21
  12. 12. ‫وﰲ ﳎﻤﻊ اﻟﺰواﺋﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌﺎوﻳﺔ ﻗﺎل: ﲰﻌﺖ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‬ ‫وﰲ ﳎﻤﻊ اﻟﺰواﺋﺪ: ﳏﻤﻮد ﺑﻦ ﻟﺒﻴﺪ أن رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل ":إذا‬ ‫َ َ َِ ِِ ﻔ‬ ِ ٍ َ ِ".‫ﺮ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﺗِﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮل: "ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء ﻳُﺼﻴﺐ اﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﰲ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﻳُﺆذﻳﻪ إﻻ ﻛ‬ ِ ‫أﺣﺐ اﷲ ﻗﻮﻣﺎً اﺑﺘﻼﻫﻢ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺻﱪ ﻓﻠﻪ اﻟﺼﱪ وﻣﻦ ﺟ ع ﻓﻠﻪ اﳉﺰ ُ."ﻗﺎل اﳍﻴﺜﻤﻲ‬ ‫َع‬ ‫ﺰ‬ ِ ُ َ ْ‫رواﻩ أﲪﺪ واﻟﻄﱪاﱐ ﰲ اﻟﻜﺒﲑ واﻷوﺳﻂ وﻓﻴﻪ ﻗﺼﺔ،ورﺟﺎل أﲪﺪ رﺟﺎل اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ. ﻗﺎل‬ .‫رواﻩ أﲪﺪ ورﺟﺎﻟﻪ ﺛﻘﺎت‬ .‫اﳌﻨﺎوي: ﻗﺎل اﳊﺎﻛﻢ: ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻃﻬﻤﺎ وأﻗﺮﻩ اﻟﺬﻫﱯ‬ Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “When Allâh loves aRasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Any believing people He tests them. The one who exercises patience, forslave who is afflicted by any difficulty in his body, and he him will be [the reward] of his patience. And the one whoexercises patience and hopes for reward, Allâh expiates is unhappy, for him will be his anguish.”some of his sins through that.” ‫ﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ: أﺗﻴﻨﺎ‬‫وﰲ ﳎﻤﻊ اﻟﺰواﺋﺪ ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﻋﺒﻴﺪة ﺑﻦ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺘﻪ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ أ‬ ‫ﺎ ﳌﻢ إﱃ اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ‬ ‫وﰲ ﳎﻤﻊ اﻟﺰواﺋﺪ ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮة ﻗﺎل: ﺟﺎءت اﻣﺮأة‬ ‫رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻧﻌﻮدﻩ ﰲ ﻧﺴﺎء ﻓﺈذا ﺳﻘﺎء ﻣﻌﻠﻖ ﳓﻮﻩ ﻳﻘﻄﺮ ﻣﺎؤﻩ‬ َِ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ: ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ادع ﱄ. ﻓﻘﺎل: "إن ﺷﺌﺖ دﻋﻮت اﷲ‬ ُ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﳑﺎ ﳚﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮ اﳊُﻤﻰ ﻓﻘﻠﻨﺎ: ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﻟﻮ دﻋﻮت اﷲ ﻓﺸﻔﺎك؟ ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ّ ّ ‫ﻓﺸﻔﺎك،وإن ﺷﺌﺖ ﺻﱪت وﻻ ﺣﺴﺎب ﻋﻠﻴﻚ؟"،ﻗﺎﻟﺖ: ﺑﻠﻰ أﺻﱪُ وﻻ ﺣﺴﺎب‬ َ َ ِ ِ  ‫رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ: "إن ﻣﻦ أﺷﺪ اﻟﻨﺎس ﺑﻼءً اﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎءَ ﰒ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ .‫ﻋﻠﻲ.ﻗﺎل اﳍﻴﺜﻤﻲ: رواﻩ اﻟﺒﺰار وإﺳﻨﺎدﻩ ﺣﺴﻦ‬  ‫ﻢ." رواﻩ أﲪﺪ واﻟﻄﱪاﱐ ﰲ‬‫ﻢ ﰒ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻠﻮ‬‫ﻢ ﰒ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻠﻮ‬‫ﻢ ﰒ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻠﻮ‬‫ﻳﻠﻮ‬A woman who was afflicted by a slight mental ‫اﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﺑﻨﺤﻮﻩ،وﻗﺎل ﻓﻴﻪ: "إﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﺷﺮ اﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎء ﻳُﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ اﻟﺒﻼءُ". وإﺳﻨﺎد أﲪﺪ‬ َderangement came to Rasûlullâh ^ and said: “O Rasûl of .‫ﺣﺴﻦ‬Allâh! Pray to Allâh for me” Rasûlullâh ^ said: “If youwish I would pray to Allâh and He would cure you. And if Once Rasûlullâh ^ was visited during his ailment byyou wish, you may [rather] be patient, and there would be group of people. They found that above him was a waterno reckoning [on the day of judgement] for you”. She bag from which water dripped onto him. It was placedreplied: “Instead I [prefer to] exercise patience and there there to cool the heat of his fever. They asked him: “Owould be no reckoning for me”. Rasûl of Allâh! Just if you may make du’â to Allâh to grant you shifâ (cure)! Rasûlullâh ^ replied: “Verily those who are tested most severely are the ambiyâ’ [prophets], then 22 23
  13. 13. those who are closest to them, then those closest to them… ‫ﻓﻘﺎل: اﻛﺘﺒﻮا ﻟﻌﺒﺪي ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮم وﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﲑ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﰲ‬.” One narrations says that he replied: “We, the ambiyâ,tests are multiplied for us.” :‫وﺛﺎﻗﻲ." رواﻩ أﲪﺪ واﻟﺒﺰار واﻟﻄﱪاﱐ ﰲ اﻟﻜﺒﲑ ورﺟﺎل أﲪﺪ رﺟﺎل اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ. وﻗﺎل اﳌﻨﺎوي‬ .‫ﻗﺎل اﳊﺎﻛﻢ: ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻃﻬﻤﺎ وأﻗﺮﻩ اﻟﺬﻫﱯ‬‫ﻤﻊ: ﻋﻦ أﰊ ﻫﺮﻳﺮة ﻗﺎل: ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻗﺎل اﳍﻴﺜﻤﻲ ﰲ ا‬ Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Any person who is‫وﺳﻠﻢ: "إن اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻟَﻴﻜﻮن ﻟﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ اﷲ اﳌﻨﺰﻟﺔُ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻳﺒﻠُﻐُﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﻤﻠِﻪ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻳَﺰال اﷲُ ﻳﺒﺘﻠﻴﻪ‬ ُ َ ُ َ  put to trial in his body [by a sickness], Allâh Azza wa Jall‫ﲟﺎ ﻳﻜﺮﻩ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺒﻠُﻐَﻬﺎ." رواﻩ أﺑﻮ ﻳﻌﻠﻰ وﰲ رواﻳﺔ ﻟﻪ: "ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ اﷲ اﳌﻨﺰﻟﺔ‬ َ commands the angels who preserve him [i.e. his deeds] thus: “Record for my slave, during every day and night .‫اﻟﺮﻓﻴﻌﺔ"،ورﺟﺎﻟﻪ ﺛﻘﺎت‬ the good deeds he used to do [during his days of health], as long as he is in my shackle [of illness].”Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Certainly,[sometimes] a person has a certain position [in Jannah ‫إن اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻳﺒﺘﻠﻲ اﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ أﻋﻄﺎﻩ ﻓﺈن رﺿﻰ ﲟﺎ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻮرك ﻟﻪ ووﺳﻌﻪ‬prepared for him] by Allâh. However he does not reach itthrough his deeds, so Allâh continues testing him through ‫وإن ﱂ ﻳﺮض ﱂ ﻳﺒﺎرك ﻟﻪ وﱂ ﻳﺰدﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻟﻪ‬adversities until he reaches it.” ‫ﻗﺎل اﳌﻨﺎوي: رواﻩ أﲪﺪ و ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ اﺑﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻊ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺠﻢ اﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ واﻟﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ ﰲ ﺷﻌﺐ‬ ‫اﻹﳝﺎن ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺑﻦ اﻟﺸﺨﲑ ﻋﻦ رﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲏ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﻗﺎل ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪ: ﻻ أﺣﺒﺴﻪ إﻻ‬ ٍ ُْ ِ ِ َ‫ﻤﻊ: وﻋﻦ أَﺳﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻛﺮز أﻧﻪ ﲰﻊ اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‬‫ﻗﺎل اﳍﻴﺜﻤﻲ ﰲ ا‬ ‫ﻢ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﺪل ﻛﻤﺎ ﻣﺮ ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺎم اﻟﺼﺤﺎﰊ ﻏﲑ ﻗﺎدح ﻷ‬‫رأى اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ وإ‬‫ﱪاﱐ ﰲ‬‫ُ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳََﺤﺎت ورق اﻟﺸﺠﺮ." رواﻩ أﲪﺪ واﻟﻄ‬ َ ُ  َ ‫ـﺘ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮل: "اﳌﺮﻳﺾ ﲢَﺎت ﺧﻄﺎﻳﺎﻩ‬  َ ‫اﳍﻴﺜﻤﻲ رﺟﺎﻟﻪ رﺟﺎل اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ .‫اﻟﻜﺒﲑ وإﺳﻨﺎدﻩ ﺣﺴﻦ‬ Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Verily Allâh puts aRasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “An ill person’s sins slave [of His] to trial in that which He gives him. If he is pleased with what Allâh has allotted for him, he is blessedfall away just as leaves fall off a tree.” in it, and [Allâh] expands it for him. And if he is unsatisfied, then barakah is not placed for him in it, and‫وﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮو ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎل: "ﻣﺎ أﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ [Allâh] does not increase it above that which He has written out for him”.‫اﻟﻨﺎس ﻳﺼﺎب ﺑﺒﻼء ﰲ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ إﻻ أﻣﺮ اﷲ ﻋﺰ وﺟﻞ اﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻧﻪ‬ 24 25
  14. 14. Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Verily, a man is [also] deprived of sustenance because of a sin that he‫ج اﻹﻣﺎم ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ أﻧﺲ ﺑﻦ ﺳﲑﻳﻦ رﲪﻬﻢ اﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻗﺎل: ﲰﻌﺖ ﺟﻨﺪب ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ‬‫أﺧﺮ‬ commits”.‫ ﻳﻘﻮل: ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ "ﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﰲ ذﻣﺔ اﷲ‬ ٍ ِ ِ ‫ﻋﻦ أَﲰَﺎءَ ﺑِْﻨﺖ أَﰊ ﺑَﻜﺮ ﻗﺎﻟَﺖ: "ﻗُْﻠﺖ ﻳﺎ رﺳﻮل اﷲ إِﻧّﻪُ ﻟَْﻴﺲ ﱄ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء إِﻻّ ﻣﺎ‬ ُ ‫ر‬ ِ ".‫ﻪ ﰲ ﻧﺎر ﺟﻬﻨﻢ‬‫ﻓﻼ ﻳﻄﻠﺒﻨّﻜﻢ اﷲُ ﻣﻦ ذﻣﺘﻪ ﺑﺸﻲء ﻓﻴُﺪﻛﻪ ﻓﻴَﻜﺒ‬ َ َْ ْ َ َ ُ ‫ِ ٍْ ْ ـ‬ ْ ‫أَدﺧﻞ ﻋﻠَﻲ اﻟﺰﺑـَْﻴـﺮ، أَﻓﺄُﻋﻄﻲ؟ ﻗﺎل ﻧـَﻌﻢ، ﻻ ﺗُﻛِﻲ ﻓَـﻴُ ﻛﻰ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻚ". ﻳـَﻘﻮل ﻻ‬ ُ ُ ِ َ َ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ َْ َ ِْ ُ ّ ّ َ ََْRasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “The one who ِ ‫َﻠ‬ ‫ﲢﺼﻲ ﻓَـﻴُﺤﺼﻰ ﻋَﻴﻚ. ﻗﺎل أﺑﻮ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ: ﻫﺬا ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ٌ ِ ُْperforms Fajr [Ŝalâh] is under the ٌ ٌ ْ َ ْprotection/guarantee/responsibility of Allâh, therefore Rasûlullâh ^ advised Asmâ’ Bint Abu Bakr : “Do notnever let it be that Allâh lays any claim of hisresponsibility/guarantee from you. [For if Allâh does lay a withhold [your wealth from spending in the cause ofclaim against anyone] then he will catch up with him and Allâh] lest it will be withheld from you [by Allâh]”.topple him into the fire of Jahannam”. ٍ ِ ِ َ‫ﻋﻦ أﻧَﺲ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻗﺎل: ﻗﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ "إِن اﻟﺼﺪﻗﺔ‬ ُ ّ ّ ِ ِ‫ِ ﺘ‬ ِ ‫ﻟَﺘُﻄْﻔﻲءُ ﻏﻀﺐ اﻟﺮب وﺗَﺪﻓَﻊ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻴَﺔ اﻟﺴﻮء ." رواﻩ اﻟﱰﻣﺬي وﻗﺎل: ﻫﺬا ﺣﺪﻳﺚ‬‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﺮﻓﻮع: "اﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﲡﻠﺐ اﻟﺮزق واﳋﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﲡﻠﺐ اﻟﻔﻘﺮ". ﻗﺎل اﳌﻨﺎوي: ﻣﺴﻨﺪ‬ ٌ ّ ْ ُ ْ ّّ َ ََ ِ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬا اﻟﻮﺟﻪ‬ .‫اﻟﻔﺮدوس ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪ اﻟﻘﻀﺎﻋﻲ ﰲ اﻟﺸﻬﺎب ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﺈﺳﻨﺎد ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ْ ْ ٌRasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Honesty attracts Rasûlullâh ^ is reported to have said: “Verily ŝadaqahsustenance and dishonesty attracts poverty”. extinguishes the anger of the Creator, and drives away an evil death”.‫ﻋﻦ ﺛـَﻮﺑَﺎن؛ ﻗَﺎل: ﻗَﺎل رﺳﻮل اﷲِ ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ: "وإِن اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻟَﻴُﺤﺮم اﻟﺮزق‬َ ْ َُ ْ َ ُ   َ ُ َُ َ َ َ ْ َْ ATHKAAR ‫ ِ ِ ﻪ‬‫ﺑِﺎﻟﺬﻧْﺐ ﻳُﺼﻴﺒُ ُ". ﻗﺎل اﻟﻌﺮاﻗﻲ ﰲ ﲣﺮﻳﺞ أﺣﺎدﻳﺚ اﻹﺣﻴﺎء: أﺧﺮﺟﻪ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ واﳊﺎﻛﻢ‬ [Excerpts from “Ĥiŝnul Ĥaŝīn” of Imâm Muĥammad ibn AlJazri] ‫وﺻﺤﺢ إﺳﻨﺎدﻩ‬ Imâm ibn Al-Jazri ‫ رﲪﻪ اﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬says: 1. “Du`âs for anxiety, worry, grief and sorrow: 26 27

×