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    Bukhari Shareef English Bukhari Shareef English Document Transcript

    • Hadith Table of ContentsHadith .......................................................1Volume 1 .....................................................2 Bk. 1: Revelation.......................................2 Bk. 2: Belief...........................................9 Bk. 3: Knowledge.......................................22 Bk. 4: Ablutions (Wudu)...............................45 Bk. 5: Bathing (Ghusl).................................68 Bk. 6: Menstrual Periods...............................77 Bk. 7: Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum).....85 Bk. 8: Prayers (Salat).................................91 Bk. 9: Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla).............................................122 Bk. 10: Times of the Prayers..........................128 Bk. 11: Call to Prayers (Adhaan)......................145 Bk. 12: Characteristics of Prayer.....................172Volume 2 ...................................................203 Bk. 13: Friday Prayer.................................203 Bk. 14: Fear Prayer...................................216 Bk. 15: The Two Festivals (Eids)......................217 Bk. 16: Witr Prayer...................................227 Bk. 17: Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa)............230 Bk. 18: Eclipses......................................239 Bk. 19: Prostration During Recital of Quran..........247 Bk. 20: Shortening the Prayers (At−Taqseer)...........249 Bk. 21: Prayer at Night (Tahajjud)....................255 Bk. 22: Actions while Praying.........................271 Bk. 23: Funerals (Al−Janaaiz)........................282 Bk. 24: Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat)................321 Bk. 25: Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan (Zakat ul Fitr)......................................347 Bk. 26: Pilgrimmage (Hajj)............................348
    • Hadith Table of ContentsVolume 3 ...................................................405 Bk. 27: Minor Pilgrammage (Umra)......................405 Bk. 28: Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimmage..........................................414 Bk. 29: Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimmage.......417 Bk. 30: Virtues of Madinah............................428 Bk. 31: Fasting.......................................433 Bk. 32: Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh).......457 Bk. 33: Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (Itikaf)......................................461 Bk. 34: Sales and Trade...............................466 Bk. 35: Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later (As−Salam)........................504 Bk. 36: Hiring........................................508 Bk. 37: Transferance of a Debt from One Person to Another (Al−Hawaala).................................515 Bk. 38: Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy................................................520 Bk. 39: Agriculture...................................527 Bk. 40: Distribution of Water.........................535 Bk. 41: Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of Property, Bankruptcy.................................542 Bk. 42: Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqaata)....552 Bk. 43: Oppressions...................................556 Bk. 44: Partnership...................................568 Bk. 45: Mortgaging....................................575 Bk. 46: Manumission of Slaves.........................577 Bk. 47: Gifts.........................................587 Bk. 48: Witnesses.....................................603 Bk. 49: Peacemaking...................................621 Bk. 50: Conditions....................................628Volume 4 ...................................................643 Bk. 51: Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa)...............643 Bk. 52: Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad)......653
    • Hadith Table of Contents Bk. 53: One−fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus).............................................728 Bk. 54: Beginning of Creation.........................762 Bk. 55: Prophets......................................790 Bk. 56: Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions...................................829Volume 5 ...................................................882 Bk. 57: Companions of the Prophet.....................882 Bk. 58: Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar).....918 Bk. 59: Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al−Maghaazi).................................973Volume 6 ..................................................1137 Bk. 60: Prophetic Commentary on the Quran (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)).....................1137 Bk. 61: Virtues of the Quran........................1298Volume 7 ..................................................1320 Bk. 62: Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)...................1320 Bk. 63: Divorce......................................1368 Bk. 64: Supporting the Family........................1392 Bk. 65: Food, Meals..................................1399 Bk. 66: Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (`Aqiqa)......1419 Bk. 67: Hunting, Slaughtering........................1421 Bk. 68: Al−Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)..........1436 Bk. 69: Drinks.......................................1443 Bk. 70: Patients.....................................1455 Bk. 71: Medicine.....................................1464 Bk. 72: Dress........................................1485Volume 8 ..................................................1521 Bk. 73: Good Manners and Form (Al−Adab)..............1521 Bk. 74: Asking Permission............................1581 Bk. 75: Invocations..................................1600
    • Hadith Table of Contents Bk. 76: To make the Heart Tender (Ar−Riqaq)..........1625 Bk. 77: Divine Will (Al−Qadar).......................1668 Bk. 78: Oaths and Vows...............................1675 Bk. 79: Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths..............1694 Bk. 80: Laws of Inheritance (Al−Faraaid)............1699 Bk. 81: Limits and Punishments set by Allah (Hudood)............................................1710 Bk. 82: Punishment of Disbelievers at War with Allah and His Apostle...............................1716Volume 9 ..................................................1735 Bk. 83: Blood Money (Ad−Diyat).......................1735 Bk. 84: Dealing with Apostates.......................1749 Bk. 85: Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)...1755 Bk. 86: Tricks.......................................1758 Bk. 87: Interpretation of Dreams.....................1767 Bk. 88: Afflictions and the End of the World.........1785 Bk. 89: Judgments (Ahkaam)...........................1804 Bk. 90: Wishes.......................................1827 Bk. 91: Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person..............................................1832 Bk. 92: Holding Fast to the Quran and Sunnah........1837 Bk. 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED).......1865
    • HadithConverted to PDF formatbyBill McLeanhttp://www.mclean.faithweb.combill@mclean.faithweb.com
    • Volume 1Bk. 1: Revelation1.1:Narrated `Umar bin Al−Khattab: I heard Allahs Apostle saying,"Deeds (their correctness and rewards) depend upon intentions,and every person gets but what he has intended. So whoeveremigrated for worldly benefits, or for a woman to marry, hisemigration is for what he emigrated for."1.2:Narrated `Aisha:(the mother of the faithful believers) Al−Harithbin Hisham asked Allahs Apostle "O Allahs Apostle! How isthe Divine Inspiration revealed to you?" Allahs Apostlereplied, "Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of abell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and thenthis state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired.Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to meand I grasp what he says." `Aisha added: Verily I saw theProphet being inspired Divinely on a very cold day and noticedthe sweat dropping from his forehead (as the Inspiration wasover).1.3:Narrated `Aisha:(the mother of the faithful believers) The commencement of theDivine Inspiration to Allahs Apostle was in the form of gooddreams which came true like bright day light, and then thelove of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go inseclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allahalone) continuously for many days before his desire to see hisfamily. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay
    • and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his foodlikewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon himwhile he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him andasked him to read. The Prophet replied, "I do not know how toread. The Prophet added, "The angel caught me (forcefully) andpressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He thenreleased me and again asked me to read and I replied, I donot know how to read. Thereupon he caught me again andpressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. Hethen released me and again asked me to read but again Ireplied, I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, andthen released me and said, Read in the name of your Lord, whohas created (all that exists) has created man from a clot.Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous." (96.1, 96.2, 96.3)Then Allahs Apostle returned with the Inspiration and withhis heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bintKhuwailid and said, "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered himtill his fear was over and after that he told her everythingthat had happened and said, "I fear that something may happento me." Khadija replied, "Never! By Allah, Allah will neverdisgrace you. You keep good relations with your Kith and kin,help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generouslyand assist the deserving calamity−afflicted ones." Khadijathen accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad[??] bin `Abdul `Uzza, who, during the pre Islamic Periodbecame a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrewletters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much asAllah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost hiseyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, "Listen to the story of yournephew, O my cousin!" Waraqa asked, "O my nephew! What haveyou seen?" Allahs Apostle described whatever he had seen.Waraqa said, "This is the same one who keeps the secrets(angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I wereyoung and could live up to the time when your people wouldturn you out." Allahs Apostle asked, "Will they drive meout?" Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone(man) who came with something similar to what you have brought
    • was treated with hostility; and if I should remain Alive tillthe day when you will be turned out then I would support youstrongly." But after a few days Waraqa died and the DivineInspiration was also paused for a while. Narrated Jabir bin`Abdullah Al−Ansari while talking about the period of pause inrevelation reporting the speech of the Prophet "While I waswalking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. Ilooked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at thecave of Hira sitting on a chair between the sky and theearth. I got afraid of him and came back home and said, Wrapme (in blankets). And then Allah revealed the following HolyVerses (of Quran): O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up ingarments! Arise and warn (the people against AllahsPunishment),... up to and desert the idols. (74.1−5) Afterthis the revelation started coming strongly, frequently andregularly."1.4:Narrated Sa`id bin Jubair: Ibn `Abbas in the explanation ofthe Statement of Allah Move not your tongue concerning (theQuran) to make haste therewith (75.16) said "Allahs Apostleused to bear the revelation with great trouble and used tomove his lips (quickly) with the Inspiration." Ibn `Abbasmoved his lips saying, "I am moving my lips in front of you asAllahs Apostle used to move his." Sa`id moved his lipssaying: "I am moving my lips, as I saw Ibn `Abbas moving his."Ibn `Abbas added, "So Allah revealed Move not your tongueconcerning (the Quran) to make haste therewith. It is for usto collect it and to give you (O Muhammad) the ability torecite it (the Quran) (75.16−17) which means that Allah willmake him (the Prophet ) remember the portion of the Quranwhich was revealed at that time by heart and recite it. TheStatement of Allah: And When we have recited it to you (OMuhammad through Gabriel) then you follow its (Quran)recital (75.18) means listen to it and be silent. Then itis for Us (Allah) to make It clear to you (75.19) means Thenit is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning willbe clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, AllahsApostle used to listen to Gabriel whenever he came and after
    • his departure he used to recite it as Gabriel had recited it."1.5:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Allahs Apostle was the most generous ofall the people, and he used to reach the peak in generosity inthe month of Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used tomeet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Quran.Allahs Apostle was the most generous person, even moregenerous than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness andhaste to do charitable deeds).1.6:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas: Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed methat Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had beenaccompanying a caravan from Quraish. They were merchants doingbusiness in Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan), atthe time when Allahs Apostle had truce with Abu Sufyan andQuraish infidels. So Abu Sufyan and his companions went toHeraclius at Ilya (Jerusalem). Heraclius called them in thecourt and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him.He called for his translator who, translating Heracliusquestion said to them, "Who amongst you is closely related tothat man who claims to be a Prophet?" Abu Sufyan replied, "Iam the nearest relative to him (amongst the group). Heracliussaid, "Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make hiscompanions stand behind him." Abu Sufyan added, Heraclius toldhis translator to tell my companions that he wanted to putsome questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and thatif I told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me."Abu Sufyan added, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid of mycompanions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken thetruth about the Prophet. The first question he asked me abouthim was: What is his family status amongst you? I replied,He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us. Heracliusfurther asked, Has anybody amongst you ever claimed the same(i.e. to be a Prophet) before him? I replied, No.He said, Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king? Ireplied, No.Heraclius asked, Do the nobles or the poor follow him? Ireplied, It is the poor who follow him. He said, Are his
    • followers increasing decreasing (day by day)? I replied,They are increasing. He then asked, Does anybody amongstthose who embrace his religion become displeased and renouncethe religion afterwards? I replied, No.Heraclius said, Have you ever accused him of telling liesbefore his claim (to be a Prophet)? I replied, No. Heraclius said, Does he break his promises? I replied, No.We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do init. I could not find opportunity to say anything against himexcept that. Heraclius asked, Have you ever had a war withhim? I replied, Yes.Then he said, What was the outcome of the battles? Ireplied, Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we.Heraclius said, What does he order you to do? I said, Hetells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worshipanything along with Him, and to renounce all that ourancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak the truth,to be chaste and to keep good relations with our Kith andkin. Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me thefollowing, I asked you about his family and your reply wasthat he belonged to a very noble family. In fact all theApostles come from noble families amongst their respectivepeoples. I questioned you whether anybody else amongst youclaimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. If theanswer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought thatthis man was following the previous mans statement. Then Iasked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. Yourreply was in the negative, and if it had been in theaffirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to takeback his ancestral kingdom. I further asked whether he wasever accused of telling lies before he said what he said, andyour reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person whodoes not tell a lie about others could ever tell a lie aboutAllah. I, then asked you whether the rich people followed himor the poor. You replied that it was the poor who followedhim. And in fact all the Apostle have been followed by thisvery class of people. Then I asked you whether his followerswere increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were
    • increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till itis complete in all respects. I further asked you whether therewas anybody, who, after embracing his religion, becamedispleased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in thenegative, and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, whenits delight enters the hearts and mixes with them completely.I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in thenegative and likewise the Apostles never betray. Then I askedyou what he ordered you to do. You replied that he ordered youto worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship any thingalong with Him and forbade you to worship idols and orderedyou to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. If what youhave said is true, he will very soon occupy this placeunderneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that hewas going to appear but I did not know that he would be fromyou, and if I could reach him definitely, I would goimmediately to meet him and if I were with him, I wouldcertainly wash his feet. Heraclius then asked for the letteraddressed by Allahs Apostle which was delivered by Dihya tothe Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read.The contents of the letter were as follows: "In the name ofAllah the Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) fromMuhammad the slave of Allah and His Apostle to Heraclius theruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the rightpath. Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become aMuslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward,and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will becommitting a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants). (AndI recite to you Allahs Statement:) O people of thescripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worshipnone but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship withHim, and that none of us shall take others as Lords besideAllah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we areMuslims (those who have surrendered to Allah). (3:64). AbuSufyan then added, "When Heraclius had finished his speech andhad read the letter, there was a great hue and cry in theRoyal Court. So we were turned out of the court. I told mycompanions that the question of Ibn−Abi−Kabsha (the Prophet
    • Muhammad) has become so prominent that even the King of BaniAl−Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid of him. Then I started tobecome sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror inthe near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me toit). The sub narrator adds, "Ibn An−Natur was the Governor ofIlya (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christiansof Sham. Ibn An−Natur narrates that once while Heraclius wasvisiting Ilya (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with asad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was in thatmood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. Hereplied, At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that theleader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (becomethe conqueror). Who are they who practice circumcision? Thepeople replied, Except the Jews nobody practicescircumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews).Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king ofGhassan to convey the news of Allahs Apostle to Heraclius wasbrought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered thepeople to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan wascircumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius thathe was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs.The messenger replied, Arabs also practice circumcision.(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty ofthe Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a letter to hisfriend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge.Heraclius then left for Homs. (a town in Syrian and stayedthere till he received the reply of his letter from his friendwho agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of theProphet and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that Heracliusinvited all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in hispalace at Homs. When they assembled, he ordered that all thedoors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, OByzantines! If success is your desire and if you seek rightguidance and want your empire to remain then give a pledge ofallegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam). (On hearingthe views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates ofthe palace like onagers [??] but found the doors closed.
    • Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lostthe hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they shouldbe brought back in audience. (When they returned) he said,What already said was just to test the strength of yourconviction and I have seen it. The people prostrated beforehim and became pleased with him, and this was the end ofHeraclius story (in connection with his faith).Bk. 2: Belief1.7:Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allahs Apostle said: Islam is based on(the following) five (principles): −1. To testify that thereis no deity (owing the right to be worshipped) but Allah andthat Muhammad is Allahs Messenger. −2. To offer the(compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.−3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) . −4. To performHajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca) −5. To observe fast duringthe month of Ramadan.1.8:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Faith (Belief)consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya(This word "Haya" covers a large number of concepts which areto be taken together; amongst them are self respect, modesty,bashfulness, and scruple, etc. Its predominant meaning is:pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions) is apart of faith."1.9:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: The Prophet said, "A Muslim isthe one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands.And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons)all what Allah has forbidden."1.10:Narrated Abu Musa: Some people asked Allahs Apostle, "WhoseIslam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim)?" Hereplied, "One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue
    • and hands."1.11:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: A man asked the Prophet , "Whatsort of deeds or (what qualities of) Islam are good?" TheProphet replied, To feed (the poor) and greet those whom youknow and those whom you do not Know (See Hadith No. 27).1.12:Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "None of you will have faith till he wishesfor his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself."1.13:Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allahs Apostle said, "By Him in WhoseHands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves memore than his father and his children."1.14:Narrated Anas:The Prophet said "None of you will have faith till he loves memore than his father, his children and all mankind."1.15:Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "Whoever possesses the following threequalities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: − 1. Theone to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anythingelse. −2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allahssake. −3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as hehates to be thrown into the fire."1.16:Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith andhatred for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy."1.17:Narrated Ubada bin As−Samit: who took part in the battle ofBadr and was a Naqib (a person heading a group of sixpersons), on the night of Al−`Aqaba pledge: Allahs Apostlesaid while a group of his companions were around him, "Swearallegiance to me for: − 1. Not to join anything in worshipalong with Allah. −2. Not to steal. −3. Not to commit illegalsexual intercourse. −4. Not to kill your children. −5. Not to
    • accuse an innocent person (to spread such an accusation amongpeople). −6. Not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do gooddeed." The Prophet added: "Whoever among you fulfills hispledge will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in anyone of them (except the ascription of partners to Allah) andgets the punishment in this world, that punishment will be anexpiation for that sin. And if one indulges in any of them,and Allah conceals his sin, it is up to Him to forgive orpunish him (in the Hereafter)." Ubada bin As−Samit added: "Sowe swore allegiance for these." (points to Allahs Apostle)1.18:Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: Allahs Apostle said, "A timewill come that the best property of a Muslim will be sheepwhich he will take on the top of mountains and the places ofrainfall (valleys) so as to flee with his religion fromafflictions."1.19:Narrated `Aisha:Whenever Allahs Apostle ordered the Muslims to do something,he used to order them deeds which were easy for them to do,(according to their strength endurance). They said, "O AllahsApostle! We are not like you. Allah has forgiven your past andfuture sins." So Allahs Apostle became angry and it wasapparent on his face. He said, "I am the most Allah fearing,and know Allah better than all of you do."1.20:Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "Whoever possesses the following threequalities will taste the sweetness of faith: −1. The one towhom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else.−2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allahs sake.−3. Who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah hasbrought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown infire."1.21:Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: The Prophet said, "When thepeople of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hellwill go to Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith
    • equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken outfrom Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they willbe blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river ofHaya (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as towhich is the right term), and they will revive like a grainthat grows near the bank of a flood channel. Dont you seethat it comes out yellow and twisted"1.22:Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: Allahs Apostle said, "While Iwas sleeping I saw (in a dream) some people wearing shirts ofwhich some were reaching up to the breasts only while otherswere even shorter than that. `Umar bin Al−Khattab was shownwearing a shirt that he was dragging." The people asked, "Howdid you interpret it? (What is its interpretation) O AllahsApostle?" He (the Prophet ) replied, "It is the Religion."1.23:Narrated `Abdullah (bin `Umar): Once Allahs Apostle passed byan Ansari (man) who was admonishing to his brother regardingHaya (pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions).On that Allahs Apostle said, "Leave him as Haya is a part offaith." (See Hadith No. 8)1.24:Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allahs Apostle said: "I have been ordered(by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify thatnone has the right to be worshipped but Allah and thatMuhammad is Allahs Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectlyand give the obligatory charity, so if they perform a that,then they save their lives an property from me except forIslamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be doneby Allah."1.25:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle was asked, "What is thebest deed?" He replied, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle(Muhammad). The questioner then asked, "What is the next (ingoodness)? He replied, "To participate in Jihad (religiousfighting) in Allahs Cause." The questioner again asked, "Whatis the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To perform Hajj(Pilgrim age to Mecca) Mabrur" (i.e. accepted by Allah,
    • performed with the intention of seeking Allahs pleasure onlyand not to show off, without committing a sin and inaccordance with the traditions of the Prophet).1.26:Narrated Sa`d:Allahs Apostle distributed (Zakat) amongst (a group of)people while I was sitting there but Allahs Apostle left aman whom I thought the best of the lot. I asked, "O AllahsApostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah I regard himas a faithful believer." The Prophet commented: "Or merely aMuslim." I remained quiet for a while, but could not helprepeating my question because of what I knew about him. Andthen asked Allahs Apostle, "Why have you left so and so? ByAllah! He is a faithful believer." The Prophet again said, "Ormerely a Muslim." And I could not help repeating my questionbecause of what I knew about him. Then the Prophet said, "OSa`d! I give to a person while another is dearer to me, forfear that he might be thrown on his face in the Fire byAllah."1.27:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: A person asked Allahs Apostle ."What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam aregood?" He replied, "To feed (the poor) and greet those whomyou know and those whom you dont know."1.28:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet said: "I was shown theHell−fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women whowere ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?"(or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, "They areungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favorsand the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you havealways been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she seessomething in you (not of her liking), she will say, I havenever received any good from you."1.29:Narrated Al−Ma`rur: At Ar−Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who waswearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similarone. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, "I abused a
    • person by calling his mother with bad names." The Prophet saidto me, O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his motherwith bad names You still have some characteristics ofignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has putthem under your command. So whoever has a brother under hiscommand should feed him of what he eats and dress him of whathe wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond theircapacity (power) and if you do so, then help them. "1.30:Narrated Al−Ahnaf bin Qais: While I was going to help this man(`Ali Ibn Abi Talib), Abu Bakra met me and asked, "Where areyou going?" I replied, "I am going to help that person." Hesaid, "Go back for I have heard Allahs Apostle saying, Whentwo Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, boththe murderer as well as the murdered will go to theHell−fire. I said, O Allahs Apostle! It is all right forthe murderer but what about the murdered one? Allahs Apostlereplied, "He surely had the intention to kill his companion."1.31:Narrated `Abdullah: When the following Verse was revealed: "Itis those who believe and confuse not their belief with wrong(worshipping others besides Allah.)" (6:83), the companions ofAllahs Apostle asked, "Who is amongst us who had not doneinjustice (wrong)?" Allah revealed: "No doubt, joining othersin worship with Allah is a great injustice (wrong) indeed."(31.13)1.32:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The signs of ahypocrite are three: −1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.−2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise ).−3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keepsomething as a trust with him, he will not return it.)"1.33:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: The Prophet said, "Whoever hasthe following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocriteand whoever has one of the following four characteristics willhave one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he givesit up. −1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays. −2. Whenever
    • he speaks, he tells a lie. −3. Whenever he makes a covenant,he proves treacherous. −4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves ina very imprudent, evil and insulting manner."1.34:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "Whoeverestablishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincerefaith and hoping to attain Allahs rewards (not to show off)then all his past sins will be forgiven."1.35:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The person whoparticipates in (Holy battles) in Allahs cause and nothingcompels him to do so except belief in Allah and His Apostles,will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty(if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he iskilled in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found itdifficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind anysariya (military unit) going for Jihad and I would have lovedto be martyred in Allahs cause and then made Alive, and thenmartyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in Hiscause."1.36:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said: "Whoeverestablishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfullyout of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allahs rewards (notfor showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven."1.37:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "Whoever observesfasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, andhoping to attain Allahs rewards, then all his past sins willbe forgiven."1.38:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Religion is very easyand whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not beable to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists,but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidingsthat you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping inthe mornings, the nights." (See Fath−ul−Bari, Page 102, Vol.1).
    • 1.39:Narrated Al−Bara (bin `Azib): When the Prophet came toMedina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternaluncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul−Maqdis(Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wishedthat he could pray facing the Ka`ba (at Mecca). The firstprayer which he offered facing the Ka`ba was the `Asr prayerin the company of some people. Then one of those who hadoffered that prayer with him came out and passed by somepeople in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers(facing Jerusalem). He said addressing them, "By Allah, Itestify that I have prayed with Allahs Apostle facing Mecca(Ka`ba). Hearing that, those people changed their directiontowards the Ka`ba immediately. Jews and the people of thescriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facingJerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towardsthe Ka`ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it.Al−Bara added, "Before we changed our direction towards theKa`ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had beenkilled and we did not know what to say about them (regardingtheir prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would nevermake your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers ofthose Muslims were valid). " (2:143).1.40:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "If any one of youimprove (follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his gooddeeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times foreach good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is."1.41:Narrated `Aisha:Once the Prophet came while a woman was sitting with me. Hesaid, "Who is she?" I replied, "She is so and so," and toldhim about her (excessive) praying. He said disapprovingly, "Do(good) deeds which is within your capacity (without overtaxingyourself) as Allah does not get tired (of giving rewards) but(surely) you will get tired; the best deed (act of Worship) inthe sight of Allah is that which is done regularly."1.42:
    • Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "Whoever said "None has the right to beworshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equalto the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. Andwhoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allahand has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of awheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said, "Nonehas the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heartgood (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken outof Hell."1.43:Narrated `Umar bin Al−Khattab: Once a Jew said to me, "O thechief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Whichis read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed tous, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed asa day of celebration." `Umar bin Al−Khattab asked, "Which isthat verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected yourreligion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosenfor you Islam as your religion." (5:3) `Umar replied, "Nodoubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to theProphet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at `Arafat(i.e. the Day of Hajj)"1.44:Narrated Talha bin Ubaidullah: A man from Najd with unkempthair came to Allahs Apostle and we heard his loud voice butcould not understand what he was saying, till he came near andthen we came to know that he was asking about Islam. AllahsApostle said, "You have to offer prayers perfectly five timesin a day and night (24 hours)." The man asked, "Is there anymore (praying)?" Allahs Apostle replied, "No, but if you wantto offer the Nawafil prayers (you can)." Allahs Apostlefurther said to him: "You have to observe fasts during themonth of Ramadan." The man asked, "Is there any more fasting?"Allahs Apostle replied, "No, but if you want to observe theNawafil fasts (you can.)" Then Allahs Apostle further said tohim, "You have to pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)." The manasked, "Is there any thing other than the Zakat for me topay?" Allahs Apostle replied, "No, unless you want to give
    • alms of your own." And then that man retreated saying, "ByAllah! I will neither do less nor more than this." AllahsApostle said, "If what he said is true, then he will besuccessful (i.e. he will be granted Paradise).1.45:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "(A believer) whoaccompanies the funeral procession of a Muslim out of sincerefaith and hoping to attain Allahs reward and remains with ittill the funeral prayer is offered and the burial ceremoniesare over, he will return with a reward of two Qirats. EachQirat is like the size of the (Mount) Uhud. He who offers thefuneral prayer only and returns before the burial, will returnwith the reward of one Qirat only."1.46:Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Abusing a Muslim isFusuq (an evil doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief)."Narrated Ubada bin As−Samit: "Allahs Apostle went out toinform the people about the (date of the) night of decree(Al−Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men.The Prophet said, "I came out to inform you about (the dateof) the night of Al−Qadr, but as so and so and so and soquarreled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) andmaybe it was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th, the9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month ofRamadan).1.47:Narrated Abu Huraira: One day while the Prophet was sitting inthe company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came andasked, "What is faith?" Allahs Apostle replied, Faith is tobelieve in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, HisApostles, and to believe in Resurrection." Then he furtherasked, "What is Islam?" Allahs Apostle replied, "To worshipAllah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to paythe compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during themonth of Ramadan." Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan(perfection)?" Allahs Apostle replied, "To worship Allah asif you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state ofdevotion then you must consider that He is looking at you."
    • Then he further asked, "When will the Hour be established?"Allahs Apostle replied, "The answerer has no better knowledgethan the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents.−1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master. −2. Whenthe shepherds of black camels start boasting and competingwith others in the construction of higher buildings. And theHour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.The Prophet then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone) is theknowledge of the Hour−−." (31. 34) Then that man (Gabriel)left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back,but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, "That wasGabriel who came to teach the people their religion." Abu`Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a partof faith.1.48:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas: I was informed by Abu Sufyanthat Heraclius said to him, "I asked you whether they(followers of Muhammad) were increasing or decreasing. Youreplied that they were increasing. And in fact, this is theway of true Faith till it is complete in all respects. Ifurther asked you whether there was anybody, who, afterembracing his (the Prophets) religion (Islam) becamedispleased and discarded it. You replied in the negative, andin fact, this is (a sign of) true faith. When its delightenters the heart and mixes with them completely, nobody can bedispleased with it."1.49:Narrated An−Nu`man bin Bashir: I heard Allahs Apostle saying,Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between themthere are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the peoplehave no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself fromthese suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. Andwhoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherdwho grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) ofsomeone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (Opeople!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allahon the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! Thereis a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed)
    • the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the wholebody gets spoilt and that is the heart.1.50:Narrated Abu Jamra: I used to sit with Ibn `Abbas and he mademe sit on his sitting place. He requested me to stay with himin order that he might give me a share from his property. So Istayed with him for two months. Once he told (me) that whenthe delegation of the tribe of `Abdul Qais came to theProphet, the Prophet asked them, "Who are the people (i.e.you)? (Or) who are the delegate?" They replied, "We are fromthe tribe of Rabi`a." Then the Prophet said to them, "Welcome!O people (or O delegation of `Abdul Qais)! Neither will youhave disgrace nor will you regret." They said, "O AllahsApostle! We cannot come to you except in the sacred month andthere is the infidel tribe of Mudar intervening between youand us. So please order us to do something good (religiousdeeds) so that we may inform our people whom we have leftbehind (at home), and that we may enter Paradise (by acting onthem)." Then they asked about drinks (what is legal and whatis illegal). The Prophet ordered them to do four things andforbade them from four things. He ordered them to believe inAllah Alone and asked them, "Do you know what is meant bybelieving in Allah Alone?" They replied, "Allah and HisApostle know better." Thereupon the Prophet said, "It means:−1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped butAllah and Muhammad is Allahs Apostle. −2. To offer prayersperfectly −3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) −4. Toobserve fast during the month of Ramadan. −5. And to payAl−Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in AllahsCause). Then he forbade them four things, namely Hantam,Dubba, Naqir−Muzaffat or (Naqir) Muqaiyar (names of pots inwhich Alcoholic drinks were prepared, the Prophet used thenames of the pots to designate the prohibited drinks usuallybrewed in them). The Prophet further said (to them): "Memorizethem (these instructions) and convey them to the people whomyou have left behind."1.51:Narrated `Umar bin Al−Khattab: Allahs Apostle said, "The
    • reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every personwill get the reward according to what he has intended. Sowhoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle, then hisemigration was for Allah and His Apostle. And whoeveremigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, hisemigration was for what he emigrated for."1.52:Narrated Abu Mas`ud: The Prophet said, "If a man spends on hisfamily (with the intention of having a reward from Allah)sincerely for Allahs sake then it is a (kind of) alms−givingin reward for him.1.53:Narrated Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas: Allahs Apostle said, "You willbe rewarded for whatever you spend for Allahs sake even if itwere a morsel which you put in your wifes mouth."1.54:Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah: I gave the pledge of allegianceto Allahs Apostle for the following: −1. offer prayersperfectly −2. pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) −3. and besincere and true to every Muslim.1.55:Narrated Ziyad bin `Ilaqa [??] : I heard Jarir bin `Abdullah(Praising Allah). On the day when Al−Mughira bin Shu`ba died,he (Jarir) got up (on the pulpit) and thanked and praisedAllah and said, "Be afraid of Allah alone Who has none alongwith Him to be worshipped. (You should) be calm and quiet tillthe (new) chief comes to you and he will come to you soon. AskAllahs forgiveness for your (late) chief because he himselfloved to forgive others." Jarir added, "Amma ba`du (now then),I went to the Prophet and said, I give my pledge ofallegiance to you for Islam." The Prophet conditioned (mypledge) for me to be sincere and true to every Muslim so Igave my pledge to him for this. By the Lord of this mosque! Iam sincere and true to you (Muslims). Then Jarir asked forAllahs forgiveness and came down (from the pulpit).
    • Bk. 3: Knowledge1.56:Narrated Abu Huraira: While the Prophet was saying somethingin a gathering, a Bedouin came and asked him, "When would theHour (Doomsday) take place?" Allahs Apostle continued histalk, so some people said that Allahs Apostle had heard thequestion, but did not like what that Bedouin had asked. Someof them said that Allahs Apostle had not heard it. When theProphet finished his speech, he said, "Where is thequestioner, who inquired about the Hour (Doomsday)?" TheBedouin said, "I am here, O Allahs Apostle ." Then theProphet said, "When honesty is lost, then wait for the Hour(Doomsday)." The Bedouin said, "How will that be lost?" TheProphet said, "When the power or authority comes in the handsof unfit persons, then wait for the Hour (Doomsday.)"1.57:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: Once the Prophet remained behindus in a journey. He joined us while we were performingablution for the prayer which was over−due. We were justpassing wet hands over our feet (and not washing themproperly) so the Prophet addressed us in a loud voice and saidtwice or thrice: "Save your heels from the fire."1.58:Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allahs Apostle said, "Amongst the trees,there is a tree, the leaves of which do not fall and is like aMuslim. Tell me the name of that tree." Everybody startedthinking about the trees of the desert areas. And I thought ofthe date−palm tree but felt shy to answer the others thenasked, "What is that tree, O Allahs Apostle ?" He replied,"It is the date−palm true."1.59:Narrated Ibn `Umar: The Prophet said, "Amongst the trees,there is a tree, the leaves of which do not fall and is like aMuslim. Tell me the name of that tree." Everybody startedthinking about the trees of the desert areas. And I thought of
    • the date−palm tree. The others then asked, "Please inform uswhat is that tree, O Allahs Apostle?" He replied, "It is thedate−palm tree."1.60:Narrated Ibn `Umar: same as above Hadith 59.1.61:Narrated Ibn `Umar: same as above Hadith 59.1.62:Narrated Ibn `Umar: same as above Hadith 59.1.63:Narrated Anas bin Malik: While we were sitting with theProphet in the mosque, a man came riding on a camel. He madehis camel kneel down in the mosque, tied its foreleg and thensaid: "Who amongst you is Muhammad?" At that time the Prophetwas sitting amongst us (his companions) leaning on his arm. Wereplied, "This white man reclining on his arm." The an thenaddressed him, "O Son of `Abdul Muttalib." The Prophet said,"I am here to answer your questions." The man said to theProphet, "I want to ask you something and will be hard inquestioning. So do not get angry." The Prophet said, "Askwhatever you want." The man said, "I ask you by your Lord, andthe Lord of those who were before you, has Allah sent you asan Apostle to all the mankind?" The Prophet replied, "ByAllah, yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. HasAllah ordered you to offer five prayers in a day and night (24hours).? He replied, "By Allah, Yes." The man further said, "Iask you by Allah! Has Allah ordered you to observe fastsduring this month of the year (i.e. Ramadan)?" He replied, "ByAllah, Yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. HasAllah ordered you to take Zakat (obligatory charity) from ourrich people and distribute it amongst our poor people?" TheProphet replied, "By Allah, yes." Thereupon that man said, "Ihave believed in all that with which you have been sent, and Ihave been sent by my people as a messenger, and I am Dimam binTha`laba from the brothers of Bani Sa`d bin Bakr."1.64:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas: Once Allahs Apostle gave aletter to a person and ordered him to go and deliver it to the
    • Governor of Bahrain. (He did so) and the Governor of Bahrainsent it to Chousroes, who read that letter and then tore it topieces. (The sub−narrator (Ibn Shihab) thinks that IbnAl−Musaiyab said that Allahs Apostle invoked Allah againstthem (saying), "May Allah tear them into pieces, and dispersethem all totally.)"1.65:Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once the Prophet wrote a letter orhad an idea of writing a letter. The Prophet was told thatthey (rulers) would not read letters unless they were sealed.So the Prophet got a silver ring made with "Muhammad AllahsApostle" engraved on it. As if I were just observing its whiteglitter in the hand of the Prophet.1.66:Narrated Abu Waqid Al−Laithi: While Allahs Apostle wassitting in the mosque with some people, three men came. Two ofthem came in front of Allahs Apostle and the third one wentaway. The two persons kept on standing before Allahs Apostlefor a while and then one of them found a place in the circleand sat there while the other sat behind the gathering, andthe third one went away. When Allahs Apostle finished hispreaching, he said, "Shall I tell you about these threepersons? One of them betook himself to Allah, so Allah tookhim into His grace and mercy and accommodated him, the secondfelt shy from Allah, so Allah sheltered Him in His mercy (anddid not punish him), while the third turned his face fromAllah and went away, so Allah turned His face from himlikewise. "1.67:Narrated `Abdur−Rahman bin Abi Bakras father: Once theProphet was riding his camel and a man was holding its rein.The Prophet asked, "What is the day today?" We kept quiet,thinking that he might give that day another name. He said,"Isnt it the day of Nahr (slaughtering of the animals ofsacrifice)" We replied, "Yes." He further asked, "Which monthis this?" We again kept quiet, thinking that he might give itanother name. Then he said, "Isnt it the month ofDhul−Hijja?" We replied, "Yes." He said, "Verily! Your blood,
    • property and honor are sacred to one another (i.e. Muslims)like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yoursand in this city of yours. It is incumbent upon those who arepresent to inform those who are absent because those who areabsent might comprehend (what I have said) better than thepresent audience."1.68:Narrated Ibn Mas`ud: The Prophet used to take care of us inpreaching by selecting a suitable time, so that we might notget bored. (He abstained from pestering us with sermons andknowledge all the time).1.69:Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Facilitate thingsto people (concerning religious matters), and do not make ithard for them and give them good tidings and do not make themrun away (from Islam).1.70:Narrated Abu Wail: `Abdullah used to give a religious talk tothe people on every Thursday. Once a man said, "O Aba`Abdur−Rahman! (By Allah) I wish if you could preach usdaily." He replied, "The only thing which prevents me fromdoing so, is that I hate to bore you, and no doubt I take careof you in preaching by selecting a suitable time just as theProphet used to do with us, for fear of making us bored."1.71:Narrated Muawiya:I heard Allahs Apostle saying, "If Allah wants to do good toa person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just adistributor, but the grant is from Allah. (And remember) thatthis nation (true Muslims) will keep on following Allahsteachings strictly and they will not be harmed by any onegoing on a different path till Allahs order (Day of Judgment)is established."1.72:Narrated Ibn `Umar: We were with the Prophet and fresh datesof a palm tree were brought to him. On that he said, "Amongstthe trees, there is a tree which resembles a Muslim." I wantedto say that it was the date−palm tree but as I was the
    • youngest of all (of them) I kept quiet. And then the Prophetsaid, "It is the date−palm tree."1.73:Narrated `Abdullah bin Mas`ud: The Prophet said, "Do not wishto be like anyone except in two cases. (The first is) Aperson, whom Allah has given wealth and he spends itrighteously; (the second is) the one whom Allah has givenwisdom (the Holy Quran) and he acts according to it andteaches it to others." (Fath−al−Bari page 177 Vol. 1)1.74:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: That he differed with Hur bin Qais binHisn Al−Fazari regarding the companion of (the Prophet) Moses.Ibn `Abbas said that he was Al Khadir. Meanwhile, Ubai binKa`b passed by them and Ibn `Abbas called him, saying "Myfriend (Hur) and I have differed regarding Moses companion,whom Moses asked the way to meet. Have you heard the Prophetmentioning something about him? He said, "Yes. I heard AllahsApostle saying, "While Moses was sitting in the company ofsome Israelites, a man came and asked him. "Do you know anyonewho is more learned than you? Moses replied: "No." So Allahsent the Divine Inspiration to Moses: Yes, Our slave Khadir(is more learned than you.) Moses asked (Allah) how to meethim (Khadir). So Allah made the fish as a sign for him and hewas told that when the fish was lost, he should return (to theplace where he had lost it) and there he would meet him(Al−Khadir). So Moses went on looking for the sign of the fishin the sea. The servant−boy of Moses said to him: Do youremember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgotthe fish, none but Satan made me forget to remember it. Onthat Moses said: That is what we have been seeking? (18.64)So they went back retracing their footsteps, and found Khadir.(And) what happened further to them is narrated in the HolyQuran by Allah. (18.54 up to 18.82)1.75:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Once the Prophet embraced me and said, "OAllah! Bestow on him the knowledge of the Book (Quran).1.76:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Once I came riding a she−ass and had
    • (just) attained the age of puberty. Allahs Apostle wasoffering the prayer at Mina. There was no wall in front of himand I passed in front of some of the row while they wereoffering their prayers. There I let the she−ass loose to grazeand entered the row, and nobody objected to it.1.77:Narrated Mahmud bin Rabi`a: When I was a boy of five, Iremember, the Prophet took water from a bucket (used fargetting water out of a well) with his mouth and threw it on myface.1.78:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: that he differed with Hur bin Qais binHisn Al−Fazari regarding the companion of the Prophet Moses.Meanwhile, Ubai bin Ka`b passed by them and Ibn `Abbas calledhim saying, "My friend (Hur) and I have differed regardingMoses companion whom Moses asked the way to meet. Have youheard Allahs Apostle mentioning something about him? Ubai binKa`b said: "Yes, I heard the Prophet mentioning somethingabout him (saying) while Moses was sitting in the company ofsome Israelites, a man came and asked him: "Do you know anyonewho is more learned than you? Moses replied: "No." So Allahsent the Divine Inspiration to Moses: −−Yes, Our slave Khadiris more learned than you. Moses asked Allah how to meet him(Al−Khadir). So Allah made the fish a sign for him and he wastold when the fish was lost, he should return (to the placewhere he had lost it) and there he would meet him (Al−Khadir).So Moses went on looking for the sign of the fish in the sea.The servant−boy of Moses said: Do you remember when we betookourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish, none butSatan made me forget to remember it. On that Moses said, Thatis what we have been seeking. So they went back retracingtheir footsteps, and found Khadir. (and) what happened furtherabout them is narrated in the Holy Quran by Allah." (18.54 upto 18.82)1.79:Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "The example of guidanceand knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundantrain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that
    • absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass inabundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held therain water and Allah benefited the people with it and theyutilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from itand for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) aportion of it was barren which could neither hold the waternor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits).The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allahsreligion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah hasrevealed through me (the Prophets and learns and then teachesothers. The last example is that of a person who does not carefor it and does not take Allahs guidance revealed through me(He is like that barren land.)"1.80:Narrated Anas:Allahs Apostle said, "From among the portents of the Hour are(the following): −1. Religious knowledge will be taken away(by the death of Religious learned men). −2. (Religious)ignorance will prevail. −3. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (willbe very common). −4. There will be prevalence of open illegalsexual intercourse.1.81:Narrated Anas:I will narrate to you a Hadith and none other than I will tellyou about after it. I heard Allahs Apostle saying: From amongthe portents of the Hour are (the following): −1. Religiousknowledge will decrease (by the death of religious learnedmen). −2. Religious ignorance will prevail. −3. There will beprevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse. −4. Women willincrease in number and men will decrease in number so much sothat fifty women will be looked after by one man.1.82:Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allahs Apostle said, "While I wassleeping, I saw that a cup full of milk was brought to me andI drank my fill till I noticed (the milk) its wetness comingout of my nails. Then I gave the remaining milk to `Umar IbnAl−Khattab" The companions of the Prophet asked, "What haveyou interpreted (about this dream)? "O Allahs Apostle ,!" he
    • replied, "(It is religious) knowledge."1.83:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al `Aas: Allahs Apostlestopped (for a while near the Jimar) at Mina during his lastHajj for the people and they were asking him questions. A mancame and said, "I forgot and got my head shaved beforeslaughtering the Hadi (sacrificing animal)." The Prophet said,"There is no harm, go and do the slaughtering now." Thenanother person came and said, "I forgot and slaughtered (thecamel) before Rami (throwing of the pebbles) at the Jamra."The Prophet said, "Do the Rami now and there is no harm." Thenarrator added: So on that day, when the Prophet was askedabout anything (as regards the ceremonies of Hajj) performedbefore or after its due time, his reply was: "Do it (now) andthere is no harm."1.84:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Somebody said to the Prophet (during hislast Hajj), "I did the slaughtering before doing the Rami.The Prophet beckoned with his hand and said, "There is no harmin that." Then another person said. "I got my head shavedbefore offering the sacrifice." The Prophet beckoned with hishand saying, "There is no harm in that."1.85:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "(Religious) knowledgewill be taken away (by the death of religious scholars)ignorance (in religion) and afflictions will appear; and Harjwill increase." It was asked, "What is Harj, O AllahsApostle?" He replied by beckoning with his hand indicating"killing." (Fath−al−Bari Page 192, Vol. 1)1.86:Narrated Asma:I came to `Aisha while she was praying, and said to her, "Whathas happened to the people?" She pointed out towards the sky.(I looked towards the mosque), and saw the people offering theprayer. Aisha said, "Subhan Allah." I said to her, "Is there asign?" She nodded with her head meaning, "Yes." I, too, thenstood (for the prayer of eclipse) till I became (nearly)unconscious and later on I poured water on my head. After the
    • prayer, the Prophet praised and glorified Allah and then said,"Just now at this place I have seen what I have never seenbefore, including Paradise and Hell. No doubt it has beeninspired to me that you will be put to trials in your gravesand these trials will be like the trials of Masih−ad−Dajjal ornearly like it (the sub narrator is not sure which expressionAsma used). You will be asked, What do you know about thisman (the Prophet Muhammad)? Then the faithful believer (orAsma said a similar word) will reply, He is Muhammad AllahsApostle who had come to us with clear evidences and guidanceand so we accepted his teachings and followed him. And he isMuhammad. And he will repeat it thrice. Then the angels willsay to him, Sleep in peace as we have come to know that youwere a faithful believer. On the other hand, a hypocrite or adoubtful person will reply, I do not know, but I heard thepeople saying something and so I said it. (the same). "1.87:Narrated Abu Jamra: I was an interpreter between the peopleand Ibn `Abbas. Once Ibn `Abbas said that a delegation of thetribe of `Abdul Qais came to the Prophet who asked them, "Whoare the people (i.e. you)? (Or) who are the delegates?" Theyreplied, "We are from the tribe of Rabi`a." Then the Prophetsaid to them, "Welcome, O people (or said, "O delegation (of`Abdul Qais).") Neither will you have disgrace nor will youregret." They said, "We have come to you from a distant placeand there is the tribe of the infidels of Mudar interveningbetween you and us and we cannot come to you except in thesacred month. So please order us to do something good(religious deeds) and that we may also inform our people whomwe have left behind (at home) and that we may enter Paradise(by acting on them.)" The Prophet ordered them to do fourthings, and forbade them from four things. He ordered them tobelieve in Allah Alone, the Honorable the Majestic and said tothem, "Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?"They replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better." Thereuponthe Prophet said, "(That means to testify that none has theright to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is HisApostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat, to observe
    • fasts during the month of Ramadan, (and) to pay Al−Khumus (onefifth of the booty to be given in Allahs cause)." Then heforbade them four things, namely Ad−Dubba. Hantam, Muzaffat(and) An−Naqir or Muqaiyar (These were the names of pots inwhich alcoholic drinks used to be prepared). The Prophetfurther said, "Memorize them (these instructions) and tellthem to the people whom you have left behind."1.88:Narrated `Abdullah bin Abi Mulaika: `Uqba bin Al−Harith saidthat he had married the daughter of Abi Ihab bin `Aziz. Lateron a woman came to him and said, "I have suckled (nursed)`Uqba and the woman whom he married (his wife) at my breast."`Uqba said to her, "Neither I knew that you have suckled(nursed) me nor did you tell me." Then he rode over to seeAllahs Apostle at Medina, and asked him about it. AllahsApostle said, "How can you keep her as a wife when it has beensaid (that she is your foster−sister)?" Then `Uqba divorcedher, and she married another man.1.89:Narrated `Umar:My Ansari neighbor from Bani Umaiya bin Zaid who used to liveat `Awali Al−Medina and used to visit the Prophet by turns. Heused to go one day and I another day. When I went I used tobring the news of that day regarding the Divine Inspirationand other things, and when he went, he used to do the same forme. Once my Ansari friend, in his turn (on returning from theProphet), knocked violently at my door and asked if I wasthere." I became horrified and came out to him. He said,"Today a great thing has happened." I then went to Hafsa andsaw her weeping. I asked her, "Did Allahs Apostle divorce youall?" She replied, "I do not know." Then, I entered upon theProphet and said while standing, "Have you divorced yourwives?" The Prophet replied in the negative. On what I said,"Allahu−Akbar (Allah is Greater)." (See Hadith No. 119, Vol. 3for details)1.90:Narrated Abu Mas`ud Al−Ansari: Once a man said to AllahsApostle "O Allahs Apostle! I may not attend the (compulsory
    • congregational) prayer because so and so (the Imam) prolongsthe prayer when he leads us for it. The narrator added: "Inever saw the Prophet more furious in giving advice than hewas on that day. The Prophet said, "O people! Some of you makeothers dislike good deeds (the prayers). So whoever leads thepeople in prayer should shorten it because among them thereare the sick the weak and the needy (having some jobs to do).1.91:Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al−Juhani: A man asked the Prophetabout the picking up of a "Luqata" (fallen lost thing). TheProphet replied, "Recognize and remember its tying materialand its container, and make public announcement (about it) forone year, then utilize it but give it to its owner if hecomes." Then the person asked about the lost camel. On that,the Prophet got angry and his cheeks or his Face became redand he said, "You have no concern with it as it has its watercontainer, and its feet and it will reach water, and eat (theleaves) of trees till its owner finds it." The man then askedabout the lost sheep. The Prophet replied, "It is either foryou, for your brother (another person) or for the wolf."1.92:Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet was asked about things which hedid not like, but when the questioners insisted, the Prophetgot angry. He then said to the people, "Ask me anything youlike." A man asked, "Who is my father?" The Prophet replied,"Your father is Hudhafa." Then another man got up and said,"Who is my father, O Allahs Apostle ?" He replied, "Yourfather is Salim, Maula (the freed slave) of Shaiba." So when`Umar saw that (the anger) on the face of the Prophet he said,"O Allahs Apostle! We repent to Allah (Our offending you).1.93:Narrated Anas bin Malik: One day Allahs Apostle came out(before the people) and `Abdullah bin Hudhafa stood up andasked (him) "Who is my father?" The Prophet replied, "Yourfather is Hudhafa." The Prophet told them repeatedly (inanger) to ask him anything they liked. `Umar knelt down beforethe Prophet and said thrice, "We accept Allah as (our) Lordand Islam as (our) religion and Muhammad as (our) Prophet."
    • After that the Prophet became silent.1.94:Narrated Anas:Whenever the Prophet asked permission to enter, he knocked thedoor thrice with greeting and whenever he spoke a sentence(said a thing) he used to repeat it thrice. (See Hadith No.261, Vol. 8).1.95:Narrated Anas:Whenever the Prophet spoke a sentence (said a thing), he usedto repeat it thrice so that the people could understand itproperly from him and whenever he asked permission to enter,(he knocked the door) thrice with greeting.1.96:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: Once Allahs Apostle remainedbehind us in a journey. He joined us while we were performingablution for the `Asr prayer which was over−due. We were justpassing wet hands over our feet (not washing them properly) sothe Prophet addressed us in a loud voice and said twice orthrice, "Save your heels from the fire."1.97.1:Narrated Abu Burdas father: Allahs Apostle said "Threepersons will have a double reward: −1. A Person from thepeople of the scriptures who believed in his prophet (Jesus orMoses) and then believed in the Prophet Muhammad (i.e. hasembraced Islam). −2. A slave who discharges his duties toAllah and his master. −3. A master of a woman−slave whoteaches her good manners and educates her in the best possibleway (the religion) and manumits her and then marries her."1.97.2:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Once Allahs Apostle came out while Bilalwas accompanying him. He went towards the women thinking thatthey had not heard him (i.e. his sermon). So he preached themand ordered them to pay alms. (Hearing that) the women startedgiving alms; some donated their earrings, some gave theirrings and Bilal was collecting them in the corner of hisgarment.1.98:
    • Narrated Abu Huraira: I said: "O Allahs Apostle! Who will bethe luckiest person, who will gain your intercession on theDay of Resurrection?" Allahs Apostle said: O Abu Huraira! "Ihave thought that none will ask me about it before you as Iknow your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths. The luckiestperson who will have my intercession on the Day ofResurrection will be the one who said sincerely from thebottom of his heart "None has the right to be worshipped butAllah." And `Umar bin `Abdul `Aziz wrote to Abu Bakr bin Hazm,"Look for the knowledge of Hadith and get it written, as I amafraid that religious knowledge will vanish and the religiouslearned men will pass away (die). Do not accept anything savethe Hadiths of the Prophet. Circulate knowledge and teach theignorant, for knowledge does not vanish except when it is keptsecretly (to oneself).1.99:Narrated `Abdullah Ibn Dinar: also narrates the same (abovementioned statement) as has been narrated by `Umar bin `Abdul`Aziz up to "The religious scholar (learned men) will passaway (die).1.100:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al−`As: I heard AllahsApostle saying, "Allah does not take away the knowledge, bytaking it away from (the hearts of) the people, but takes itaway by the death of the religious learned men till when noneof the (religious learned men) remains, people will take astheir leaders ignorant persons who when consulted will givetheir verdict without knowledge. So they will go astray andwill lead the people astray."1.101:Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: Some women requested the Prophetto fix a day for them as the men were taking all his time. Onthat he promised them one day for religious lessons andcommandments. Once during such a lesson the Prophet said, "Awoman whose three children die will be shielded by them fromthe Hell fire." On that a woman asked, "If only two die?" Hereplied, "Even two (will shield her from the Hell−fire).1.102:
    • Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: as above (the sub narrators aredifferent). Abu Huraira qualified the three children referredto in the above mentioned Hadith as not having reached the ageof committing sins (i.e. age of puberty) .1.103:Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika: Whenever `Aisha (the wife of theProphet) heard anything which she did not understand, she usedto ask again till she understood it completely. Aisha said:"Once the Prophet said, "Whoever will be called to account(about his deeds on the Day of Resurrection) will surely bepunished." I said, "Doesnt Allah say: "He surely will receivean easy reckoning." (84.8) The Prophet replied, "This meansonly the presentation of the accounts but whoever will beargued about his account, will certainly be ruined."1.104:Narrated Sa`id:Abu Shuraih said, "When `Amr bin Sa`id was sending the troopsto Mecca (to fight `Abdullah bin Az−Zubair) I said to him, Ochief! Allow me to tell you what the Prophet said on the dayfollowing the conquests of Mecca. My ears heard and my heartcomprehended, and I saw him with my own eyes, when he said it.He glorified and praised Allah and then said, "Allah and notthe people has made Mecca a sanctuary. So anybody who hasbelief in Allah and the Last Day (i.e. a Muslim) shouldneither shed blood in it nor cut down its trees. If anybodyargues that fighting is allowed in Mecca as Allahs Apostledid fight (in Mecca), tell him that Allah gave permission toHis Apostle, but He did not give it to you. The Prophet added:Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of theconquest) and today (now) its sanctity is the same (valid) asit was before. So it is incumbent upon those who are presentto convey it (this information) to those who are absent." Abu−Shuraih was asked, "What did `Amr reply?" He said `Amr said,"O Abu Shuraih! I know better than you (in this respect).Mecca does not give protection to one who disobeys (Allah) orruns after committing murder, or theft (and takes refuge inMecca).1.105:
    • Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet said. No doubt your blood,property, the sub−narrator Muhammad thought that Abu Bakra hadalso mentioned and your honor (chastity), are sacred to oneanother as is the sanctity of this day of yours in this monthof yours. It is incumbent on those who are present to informthose who are absent." (Muhammad the Sub−narrator used to say,"Allahs Apostle told the truth.") The Prophet repeated twice:"No doubt! Havent I conveyed Allahs message to you.1.106:Narrated `Ali:The Prophet said, "Do not tell a lie against me for whoevertells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surelyenter the Hell−fire."1.107:Narrated `Abdullah bin Az−Zubair: I said to my father, I donot hear from you any narration (Hadith) of Allah s Apostle asI hear (his narration) from so and so?" Az−Zubair replied. lwas always with him (the Prophet) and I heard him saying"Whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then (surely)let him occupy, his seat in Hell−fire.1.108:Narrated Anas:The fact which stops me from narrating a great number ofHadiths to you is that the Prophet said: "Whoever tells a lieagainst me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy hisseat in Hell−fire."1.109:Narrated Salama:I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever (intentionally) ascribesto me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy hisseat in Hell−fire."1.110:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Name yourselves withmy name (use my name) but do not name yourselves with my Kunyaname (i.e. Abul Qasim). And whoever sees me in a dream thensurely he has seen me for Satan cannot impersonate me. Andwhoever tells a lie against me (intentionally), then (surely)let him occupy his seat in Hell−fire."
    • 1.111:Narrated Ash−Shu`bi: Abu Juhaifa said, "I asked `Ali, Haveyou got any book (which has been revealed to the Prophet apartfrom the Quran)? `Ali replied, No, except Allahs Book orthe power of understanding which has been bestowed (by Allah)upon a Muslim or what is (written) in this sheet of paper(with me). Abu Juhaifa said, "I asked, What is (written) inthis sheet of paper? `Ali replied, it deals with The Diyya(compensation (blood money) paid by the killer to therelatives of the victim), the ransom for the releasing of thecaptives from the hands of the enemies, and the law that noMuslim should be killed in Qisas (equality in punishment) forthe killing of (a disbeliever).1.112:Narrated Abu Huraira: In the year of the Conquest of Mecca,the tribe of Khuza`a killed a man from the tribe of Bani Laithin revenge for a killed person, belonging to them. Theyinformed the Prophet about it. So he rode his Rahila(she−camel for riding) and addressed the people saying, "Allahheld back the killing from Mecca. (The sub−narrator is indoubt whether the Prophet said "elephant or killing," as theArabic words standing for these words have great similarity inshape), but He (Allah) let His Apostle and the believers overpower the infidels of Mecca. Beware! (Mecca is a sanctuary)Verily! Fighting in Mecca was not permitted for anyone beforeme nor will it be permitted for anyone after me. It (war) init was made legal for me for few hours or so on that day. Nodoubt it is at this moment a sanctuary, it is not allowed touproot its thorny shrubs or to uproot its trees or to pick upits Luqat (fallen things) except by a person who will look forits owner (announce it publicly). And if somebody is killed,then his closest relative has the right to choose one of thetwo−− the blood money (Diyya) or retaliation having the killerkilled. In the meantime a man from Yemen came and said, "OAllahs Apostle! Get that written for me." The Prophet orderedhis companions to write that for him. Then a man from Quraishsaid, "Except Al−Idhkhir (a type of grass that has good smell)O Allahs Apostle, as we use it in our houses and graves." The
    • Prophet said, "Except Al−Idhkhir i.e. Al−Idhkhir is allowed tobe plucked."1.113:Narrated Abu Huraira: There is none among the companions ofthe Prophet who has narrated more Hadiths than I except`Abdullah bin `Amr (bin Al−`As) who used to write them and Inever did the same.1.114:Narrated Ubaidullah bin `Abdullah: Ibn `Abbas said, "When theailment of the Prophet became worse, he said, Bring for me(writing) paper and I will write for you a statement afterwhich you will not go astray. But `Umar said, The Prophet isseriously ill, and we have got Allahs Book with us and thatis sufficient for us. But the companions of the Prophetdiffered about this and there was a hue and cry. On that theProphet said to them, Go away (and leave me alone). It is notright that you should quarrel in front of me." Ibn `Abbas cameout saying, "It was most unfortunate (a great disaster) thatAllahs Apostle was prevented from writing that statement forthem because of their disagreement and noise. (Note: It isapparent from this Hadith that Ibn `Abbas had witnessed theevent and came out saying this statement. The truth is not so,for Ibn `Abbas used to say this statement on narrating theHadith and he had not witnessed the event personally. See FathAl−Bari Vol. 1, p.220 footnote.) (See Hadith No. 228, Vol. 4).1.115:Narrated Um Salama: One night Allahs Apostle got up and said,"Subhan Allah! How many afflictions have been descendedtonight and how many treasures have been disclosed! Go andwake the sleeping lady occupants of these dwellings (hiswives) up (for prayers). A well−dressed (soul) in this worldmay be naked in the Hereafter. "1.116:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: Once the Prophet led us in the`Isha prayer during the last days of his life and afterfinishing it (the prayer) (with Taslim) he said: "Do yourealize (the importance of) this night?" Nobody present on thesurface of the earth tonight will be living after the
    • completion of one hundred years from this night."1.117:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: I stayed overnight in the house of myaunt Maimuna bint Al−Harith (the wife of the Prophet ) whilethe Prophet was there with her during her night turn. TheProphet offered the `Isha prayer (in the mosque), returnedhome and after having prayed four rak`at, he slept. Later onhe got up at night and then asked whether the boy (or he useda similar word) had slept? Then he got up for the prayer and Istood up by his left side but he made me stand to his rightand offered five rak`at followed by two more rak`at. Then heslept and I heard him snoring and then (after a while) he leftfor the (Fajr) prayer.1.118:Narrated Abu Huraira: People say that I have narrated manyHadiths (The Prophets narration). Had it not been for twoverses in the Quran, I would not have narrated a singleHadith, and the verses are: "Verily those who conceal theclear sign and the guidance which We have sent down . . . (upto) Most Merciful." (2:159−160). And no doubt our Muhajir(emigrant) brothers used to be busy in the market with theirbusiness (bargains) and our Ansari brothers used to be busywith their property (agriculture). But I (Abu Huraira) used tostick to Allahs Apostle contented with what will fill mystomach and I used to attend that which they used not toattend and I used to memorize that which they used not tomemorize.1.119:Narrated Abu Huraira: I said to Allahs Apostle "I hear manynarrations (Hadiths) from you but I forget them." AllahsApostle said, "Spread your Rida (garment)." I did accordinglyand then he moved his hands as if filling them with something(and emptied them in my Rida) and then said, "Take and wrapthis sheet over your body." I did it and after that I neverforgot any thing.1.120:Narrated Ibrahim bin Al−Mundhir: Ibn Abi Fudaik narrated thesame as above (Hadith...119) but added that the Prophet had
    • moved his hands as if filling them with something and then heemptied them in the Rida of Abu Huraira.1.121:Narrated Abu Huraira: I have memorized two kinds of knowledgefrom Allahs Apostle . I have propagated one of them to youand if I propagated the second, then my pharynx (throat) wouldbe cut (i.e. killed).1.122:Narrated Jarir:The Prophet said to me during Hajjat−al−Wida`: Let the peoplekeep quiet and listen. Then he said (addressing the people),"Do not (become infidels) revert to disbelief after me bystriking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another(killing each other).1.123:Narrated Sa`id bin Jubair: I said to Ibn `Abbas,"Nauf−Al−Bakali claims that Moses (the companion of Khadir)was not the Moses of Bani Israel but he was another Moses."Ibn `Abbas remarked that the enemy of Allah (Nauf) was a liar.1.124:Narrated Ubai bin Ka`b: The Prophet said, "Once the ProphetMoses stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked, "Whois the most learned man amongst the people. He said, "I am themost learned." Allah admonished Moses as he did not attributeabsolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So Allah inspired to him"At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst myslaves who is more learned than you." Moses said, "O my Lord!How can I meet him?" Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket(and proceed) and you will find him at the place where youwill lose the fish. So Moses set out along with his (servant)boy, Yusha` bin Noon and carried a fish in a large basket tillthey reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i.e. laydown) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it tookits way into the sea as in a tunnel. So it was an amazingthing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded forthe rest of that night and the following day. When the daybroke, Moses said to his (servant) boy: "Bring us our earlymeal. No doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this
    • journey." Moses did not get tired till he passed the placeabout which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Moses,"Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, Iindeed forgot the fish." Moses remarked, "That is what we havebeen seeking. So they went back retracing their footsteps,till they reached the rock. There they saw a man covered witha garment (or covering himself with his own garment). Mosesgreeted him. Al−Khadir replied saying, "How do people greeteach other in your land?" Moses said, "I am Moses." He asked,"The Moses of Bani Israel?" Moses replied in the affirmativeand added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of thatknowledge which you have been taught." Al−Khadir replied,"Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, OMoses! I have some of the knowledge of Allah which He hastaught me and which you do not know, while you have someknowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know."Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient and Iwill disobey no order of yours. So both of them set outwalking along the seashore, as they did not have a boat. Inthe meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the crewof the boat to take them on board. The crew recognizedAl−Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrowcame and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beakonce or twice in the sea. Al−Khadir said: "O Moses! Myknowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allahsknowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased thewater of the sea with its beak." Al−Khadir went to one of theplanks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said, "Thesepeople gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat andscuttled it so as to drown its people." Al−Khadir replied,"Didnt I tell you that you will not be able to remain patientwith me." Moses said, "Call me not to account for what Iforgot." The first (excuse) of Moses was that he hadforgotten. Then they proceeded further and found a boy playingwith other boys. Al−Khadir took hold of the boys head fromthe top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him).Moses said, "Have you killed an innocent soul who has killednone." Al−Khadir replied, "Did I not tell you that you cannot
    • remain patient with me?" Then they both proceeded till whenthey came to the people of a town, they asked them for food,but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there awall on the point of collapsing. Al−Khadir repaired it withhis own hands. Moses said, "If you had wished, surely youcould have taken wages for it." Al−Khadir replied, "This isthe parting between you and me." The Prophet added, "May Allahbe Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been morepatient to learn more about his story with Al−Khadir. "1.125:Narrated Abu Musa: A man came to the Prophet and asked, "OAllahs Apostle! What kind of fighting is in Allahs cause? (Iask this), for some of us fight because of being enraged andangry and some for the sake of his pride and haughtiness." TheProphet raised his head (as the questioner was standing) andsaid, "He who fights so that Allahs Word (Islam) should besuperior, then he fights in Allahs cause."1.126:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Ammar: I saw the Prophet near theJamra and the people were asking him questions (aboutreligious problems). A man asked, "O Allahs Apostle! I haveslaughtered the Hadi (animal) before doing the Rami." TheProphet replied, "Do the Rami (now) and there is no harm."Another person asked, "O Allahs Apostle! I got my head shavedbefore slaughtering the animal." The Prophet replied, "Do theslaughtering (now) and there is no harm." So on that day, whenthe Prophet was asked about anything as regards the ceremoniesof Hajj performed before or after its due time his reply was,"Do it (now) and there is no harm."1.127:Narrated `Abdullah: While I was going with the Prophet throughthe ruins of Medina and he was reclining on a date−palm leafstalk, some Jews passed by. Some of them said to the others:Ask him (the Prophet) about the spirit. Some of them said thatthey should not ask him that question as he might give a replywhich would displease them. But some of them insisted onasking, and so one of them stood up and asked, "O Abul−Qasim !What is the spirit?" The Prophet remained quiet. I thought he
    • was being inspired Divinely. So I stayed till that state ofthe Prophet (while being inspired) was over. The Prophet thensaid, "And they ask you (O Muhammad) concerning the spirit−−Say: The spirit −− its knowledge is with my Lord. And ofknowledge you (mankind) have been given only a little)."(17.85)1.128:Narrated Aswad:Ibn Az−Zubair said to me, "Aisha used to tell you secretly anumber of things. What did she tell you about the Ka`ba?" Ireplied, "She told me that once the Prophet said, O `Aisha!Had not your people been still close to the pre−Islamic periodof ignorance (infidelity)! I would have dismantled the Ka`baand would have made two doors in it; one for entrance and theother for exit." Later on Ibn Az−Zubair did the same.1.129:Narrated Abu at−Tufail: The above mentioned Statement of `Ali.1.130:Narrated Anas bin Malik: "Once Mu`adh was along with AllahsApostle as a companion rider. Allahs Apostle said, "O Mu`adhbin Jabal." Mu`adh replied, "Labbaik and Sa`daik. O AllahsApostle!" Again the Prophet said, "O Mu`adh!" Mu`adh saidthrice, "Labbaik and Sa`daik, O Allahs Apostle!" AllahsApostle said, "There is none who testifies sincerely that nonehas the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is hisApostle, except that Allah, will save him from the Hell−fire."Mu`adh said, "O Allahs Apostle ! Should I not inform thepeople about it so that they may have glad tidings?" Hereplied, "When the people hear about it, they will solelydepend on it." Then Mu`adh narrated the above−mentioned Hadithjust before his death, being afraid of committing sin (by nottelling the knowledge).1.131:Narrated Anas:I was informed that the Prophet had said to Mu`adh, "Whosoeverwill meet Allah without associating anything in worship withHim will go to Paradise." Mu`adh asked the Prophet, "Should Inot inform the people of this good news?" The Prophet replied,
    • "No, I am afraid, lest they should depend upon it(absolutely).1.132:Narrated Um Salama: Um−Sulaim came to Allahs Apostle andsaid, "Verily, Allah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. Isit necessary for a woman to take a bath after she has a wetdream (nocturnal sexual discharge?) The Prophet replied, "Yes,if she notices a discharge." Um Salama, then covered her faceand asked, "O Allahs Apostle! Does a woman get a discharge?"He replied, "Yes, let your right hand be in dust (An Arabicexpression you say to a person when you contradict hisstatement meaning "you will not achieve goodness"), and thatis why the son resembles his mother."1.133:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: Once Allahs Apostle said,"Amongst the trees there is a tree, the leaves of which do notfall and is like a Muslim, tell me the name of that tree."Everybody started thinking about the trees of the desert areasand I thought of the date−palm tree but felt shy (to answer).The others asked, "O Allahs Apostle! inform us of it." Hereplied, "it is the date−palm tree." I told my father what hadcome to my mind and on that he said, "Had you said it I wouldhave preferred it to such and such a thing that I mightpossess."1.134:Narrated `Ali:I used to get the menstrual urethral discharge frequently so Irequested Al−Miqdad to ask the Prophet about it. Al−Miqdadasked him and he replied, "One has to perform ablution (afterit)." (See Hadith No. 269).1.135:Narrated Nafi`:`Abdullah bin `Umar said: "A man got up in the mosque andsaid: O Allahs Apostle At which place you order us that weshould assume the Ihram? Allahs Apostle replied, Theresidents of Medina should assure the Ihram from Dhil−Hulaifa,the people of Syria from Al−Juhfa and the people of Najd fromQarn." Ibn `Umar further said, "The people consider that
    • Allahs Apostle had also said, The residents of Yemen shouldassume Ihram from Yalamlam. " Ibn `Umar used to say, "I donot: remember whether Allahs Apostle had said the laststatement or not?"1.136:Narrated Ibn `Umar: A man asked the Prophet : "What (kinds ofclothes) should a Muhrim (a Muslim intending to perform `Umraor Hajj) wear? He replied, "He should not wear a shirt, aturban, trousers, a head cloak or garment scented with saffronor Wars (kinds of perfumes). And if he has no slippers, thenhe can use Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or leather)but the socks should be cut short so as to make the anklesbare." (See Hadith No. 615, Vol. 2).Bk. 4: Ablutions (Wudu)1.137:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "The prayer of aperson who does Hadath (passes urine, stool or wind) is notaccepted till he performs the ablution." A person fromHadaramout asked Abu Huraira, "What is Hadath?" Abu Hurairareplied, " Hadath means the passing of wind."1.138:Narrated Nu`am Al−Mujmir: Once I went up the roof of themosque, along with Abu Huraira. He perform ablution and said,"I heard the Prophet saying, "On the Day of Resurrection, myfollowers will be called "Al−Ghurr−ul−Muhajjalun" from thetrace of ablution and whoever can increase the area of hisradiance should do so (i.e. by performing ablutionregularly). "1.139:Narrated `Abbas bin Tamim: My uncle asked Allahs Apostleabout a person who imagined to have passed wind during theprayer. Allah Apostle replied: "He should not leave hisprayers unless he hears sound or smells something."1.140:
    • Narrated Kuraib:Ibn `Abbas said, "The Prophet slept till he snored and thenprayed (or probably lay till his breath sounds were heard andthen got up and prayed)." Ibn `Abbas added: "I stayedovernight in the house of my aunt, Maimuna, the Prophet sleptfor a part of the night, (See Fath−al−Bari page 249, Vol. 1),and late in the night, he got up and performed ablution from ahanging water skin, a light (perfect) ablution and stood upfor the prayer. I, too, performed a similar ablution, then Iwent and stood on his left. He drew me to his right and prayedas much as Allah wished, and again lay and slept till hisbreath sounds were heard. Later on the Muadh−dhin (call makerfor the prayer) came to him and informed him that it was timefor Prayer. The Prophet went with him for the prayer withoutperforming a new ablution." (Sufyan said to `Amr that somepeople said, "The eyes of Allahs Apostle sleep but his heartdoes not sleep." `Amr replied, "I heard `Ubaid bin `Umarsaying that the dreams of Prophets were Divine Inspiration,and then he recited the verse: I (Abraham) see in a dream, (Omy son) that I offer you in sacrifice (to Allah)." (37.102)(See Hadith No. 183)1.141:Narrated Usama bin Zaid: Allahs Apostle proceeded from`Arafat till when he reached the mountain pass, he dismounted,urinated and then performed ablution but not a perfect one. Isaid to him, ("Is it the time for) the prayer, O AllahsApostle?" He said, "The (place of) prayer is ahead of you." Herode till when he reached Al−Muzdalifa, he dismounted andperformed ablution and a perfect one, The (call for) Iqama waspronounced and he led the Maghrib prayer. Then everybody madehis camel kneel down at its place. Then the Iqama waspronounced for the `Isha prayer which the Prophet led and noprayer was offered in between the two . prayers (`Isha andMaghrib).1.142:Narrated `Ata bin Yasar: Ibn `Abbas performed ablution andwashed his face (in the following way): He ladled out ahandful of water, rinsed his mouth and washed his nose with it
    • by putting in water and then blowing it out. He then, tookanother handful (of water) and did like this (gesturing)joining both hands, and washed his face, took another handfulof water and washed his right forearm. He again took anotherhandful of water and washed his left forearm, and passed wethands over his head and took another handful of water andpoured it over his right foot (up to his ankles) and washed itthoroughly and similarly took another handful of water andwashed thoroughly his left foot (up to the ankles) and said,"I saw Allahs Apostle performing ablution in this way."1.143:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet said, "If anyone of you onhaving sexual relations with his wife said (and he must say itbefore starting) In the name of Allah. O Allah! Protect usfrom Satan and also protect what you bestow upon us (i.e. thecoming offspring) from Satan, and if it is destined that theyshould have a child then, Satan will never be able to harmthat offspring."1.144:Narrated Anas:Whenever the Prophet went to answer the call of nature, heused to say, "Allah−umma inni a`udhu bika minal khubuthi walkhabaith i.e. O Allah, I seek Refuge with You from alloffensive and wicked things (evil deeds and evil spirits).1.145:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Once the Prophet entered a lavatory and Iplaced water for his ablution. He asked, "Who placed it?" Hewas informed accordingly and so he said, "O Allah! Make him(Ibn `Abbas) a learned scholar in religion (Islam).1.146:Narrated Abu Aiyub Al−Ansari: Allahs Apostle said, "If anyoneof you goes to an open space for answering the call of naturehe should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qibla; heshould either face the east or the west."1.147:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: People say, "Whenever you sitfor answering the call of nature, you should not face theQibla or Baitul−Maqdis (Jerusalem)." I told them. "Once I went
    • up the roof of our house and I saw Allahs Apostle answeringthe call of nature while sitting on two bricks facingBaitul−Maqdis (Jerusalem) (but there was a screen coveringhim. (Fath−al−Bari, Page 258, Vol. 1).1.148:Narrated `Aisha:The wives of the Prophet used to go to Al−Manasi, a vast openplace (near Baqi` at Medina) to answer the call of nature atnight. `Umar used to say to the Prophet "Let your wives beveiled," but Allahs Apostle did not do so. One night Saudabint Zam`a the wife of the Prophet went out at `Isha time andshe was a tall lady. `Umar addressed her and said, "I haverecognized you, O Sauda." He said so, as he desired eagerlythat the verses of Al−Hijab (the observing of veils by theMuslim women) may be revealed. So Allah revealed the verses of"Al−Hijab" (A complete body cover excluding the eyes).1.149:Narrated `Aisha:The Prophet said to his wives, "You are allowed to go out toanswer the call of nature. "1.150:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: I went up to the roof of Hafsashouse for some job and I saw Allahs Apostle answering thecall of nature facing Sham (Syria, Jordan, Palestine andLebanon regarded as one country) with his back towards theQibla. (See Hadith No. 147).1.151:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: Once I went up the roof of ourhouse and saw Allahs Apostle answering the call of naturewhile sitting over two bricks facing Baitul−Maqdis(Jerusalem). (See Hadith No. 147).1.152:Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever Allahs Apostle went toanswer the call of nature, I along with another boy used toaccompany him with a tumbler full of water. (Hisham commented,"So that he might wash his private parts with it.)"1.153:Narrated Anas:
    • Whenever Allahs Apostle went to answer the call of nature, Ialong with another boy from us used to go behind him with atumbler full of water.1.154:Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever Allahs Apostle went toanswer the call of nature, I along with another boy used tocarry a tumbler full of water (for cleaning the private parts)and a short spear (or stick).1.155:Narrated Abu Qatada: Allahs Apostle said, "Whenever anyone ofyou drinks water, he should not breathe in the drinkingutensil, and whenever anyone of you goes to a lavatory, heshould neither touch his penis nor clean his private partswith his right hand."1.156:Narrated Abu Qatada: The Prophet said, "Whenever anyone of youmakes water he should not hold his penis or clean his privateparts with his right hand. (And while drinking) one should notbreathe in the drinking utensil ."1.157:Narrated Abu Huraira: I followed the Prophet while he wasgoing out to answer the call of nature. He used not to lookthis way or that. So, when I approached near him he said tome, "Fetch for me some stones for cleaning the privatesparts (or said something similar), and do not bring a bone ora piece of dung." So I brought the stones in the corner of mygarment and placed them by his side and I then went away fromhim. When he finished (from answering the call of nature) heused, them .1.158:Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet went out to answer the call ofnature and asked me to bring three stones. I found two stonesand searched for the third but could not find it. So took adried piece of dung and brought it to him. He took the twostones and threw away the dung and said, "This is a filthything."1.159:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet performed ablution by washing
    • the body parts only once.1.160:Narrated `Abdullah bin Zaid: The Prophet performed ablution bywashing the body parts twice.1.161:Narrated Humran:(the slave of `Uthman) I saw `Uthman bin `Affan asking for atumbler of water (and when it was brought) he poured waterover his hands and washed them thrice and then put his righthand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed hisnose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. then hewashed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice, passedhis wet hands over his head and washed his feet up to theankles thrice. Then he said, "Allahs Apostle said If anyonePerforms ablution like that of mine and offers a two−rak`atprayer during which he does not think of anything else (notrelated to the present prayer) then his past sins will beforgiven. " After performing the ablution `Uthman said, "I amgoing to tell you a Hadith which I would not have told you,had I not been compelled by a certain Holy Verse (the subnarrator `Urwa said: This verse is: "Verily, those who concealthe clear signs and the guidance which we have sent down...)"(2:159). I heard the Prophet saying, If a man performsablution perfectly and then offers the compulsorycongregational prayer, Allah will forgive his sins committedbetween that (prayer) and the (next) prayer till he offers it.1.162:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever performsablution should clean his nose with water by putting the waterin it and then blowing it out, and whoever cleans his privateparts with stones should do it with odd number of stones."1.163:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "If anyone of youperforms ablution he should put water in his nose and thenblow it out and whoever cleans his private parts with stonesshould do so with odd numbers. And whoever wakes up from hissleep should wash his hands before putting them in the waterfor ablution, because nobody knows where his hands were during
    • sleep."1.164:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: The Prophet remained behind us ona journey. He joined us while we were performing ablution forthe `Asr prayer which was overdue and we were just passing wethands over our feet (not washing them thoroughly) so headdressed us in a loud voice saying twice , "Save your heelsfrom the fire."1.165:Narrated Humran:(the freed slave of `Uthman bin `Affan) I saw `Uthman bin`Affan asking (for a tumbler of water) to perform ablution(and when it was brought) he poured water from it over hishands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand inthe water container and rinsed his mouth and washed his noseby putting water in it and then blowing it out. Then he washedhis face thrice and (then) forearms up to the elbows thrice,then passed his wet hands over his head and then washed eachfoot thrice. After that `Uthman said, "I saw the Prophetperforming ablution like this of mine, and he said, If anyoneperforms ablution like that of mine and offers a two−rak`atprayer during which he does not think of anything else (notrelated to the present prayer) then his past sins will beforgiven. 1.166:Narrated Muhammad Ibn Ziyad: I heard Abu Huraira saying as hepassed by us while the people were performing ablution from autensil containing water, "Perform ablution perfectly andthoroughly for Abul−Qasim (the Prophet) said, Save your heelsfrom the Hell−fire. "1.167:Narrated `Ubaid Ibn Juraij: I asked `Abdullah bin `Umar, "OAbu `Abdur−Rahman! I saw you doing four things which I neversaw being done by anyone of you companions?" `Abdullah bin`Umar said, "What are those, O Ibn Juraij?" I said, "I neversaw you touching any corner of the Ka`ba except these (two)facing south (Yemen) and I saw you wearing shoes made oftanned leather and dyeing your hair with Hinna (a kind of red
    • dye). I also noticed that whenever you were in Mecca, thepeople assume Ihram on seeing the new moon crescent (1st ofDhul−Hijja) while you did not assume the Ihlal (Ihram) −(Ihramis also called Ihlal which means Loud calling because aMuhrim has to recite Talbiya aloud when assuming the state ofIhram) − till the 8th of Dhul−Hijja (Day of Tarwiya).`Abdullah replied, "Regarding the corners of Ka`ba, I neversaw Allahs Apostle touching except those facing south (Yemen)and regarding the tanned leather shoes, no doubt I saw AllahsApostle wearing non−hairy shoes and he used to performablution while wearing the shoes (i.e. wash his feet and thenput on the shoes). So I love to wear similar shoes. And aboutthe dyeing of hair with Hinna; no doubt I saw Allahs Apostledyeing his hair with it and that is why I like to dye (my hairwith it). Regarding Ihlal, I did not see Allahs Apostleassuming Ihlal till he set out for Hajj (on the 8th ofDhul−Hijja).1.168:Narrated Um−`Atiya: That the Prophet at the time of washinghis deceased daughter had said to them, "Start from the rightside beginning with those parts which are washed in ablution."1.169:Narrated `Aisha:The Prophet used to like to start from the right side onwearing shoes, combing his hair and cleaning or washinghimself and on doing anything else.1.170:Narrated Anas bin Malik: saw Allahs Apostle when the `Asrprayer was due and the people searched for water to performablution but they could not find it. Later on (a pot full of)water for ablution was brought to Allahs Apostle . He put hishand in that pot and ordered the people to perform ablutionfrom it. I saw the water springing out from underneath hisfingers till all of them performed the ablution (it was one ofthe miracles of the Prophet).1.171:Narrated Ibn Seereen: I said to `Abida, "I have some of thehair of the Prophet which I got from Anas or from his family."
    • `Abida replied. "No doubt if I had a single hair of that itwould have been dearer to me than the whole world and whateveris in it."1.172:Narrated Anas:When Allahs Apostle got his head shaved, Abu− Talha was thefirst to take some of his hair.1.173:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "If a dog drinksfrom the utensil of anyone of you it is essential to wash itseven times."1.174:Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "A man saw a dogeating mud from (the severity of) thirst. So, that man took ashoe (and filled it) with water and kept on pouring the waterfor the dog till it quenched its thirst. So Allah approved ofhis deed and made him to enter Paradise." And narrated Hamzabin `Abdullah: My father said. "During the lifetime of AllahsApostle, the dogs used to urinate, and pass through themosques (come and go), nevertheless they never used tosprinkle water on it (urine of the dog.)"1.175:Narrated `Adi bin Hatim: I asked the Prophet (about thehunting dogs) and he replied, "If you let loose (with Allahsname) your tamed dog after a game and it hunts it, you may eatit, but if the dog eats of (that game) then do not eat itbecause the dog has hunted it for itself." I further said,"Sometimes I send my dog for hunting and find another dog withit. He said, "Do not eat the game for you have mentionedAllahs name only on sending your dog and not the other dog."1.176:Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, "A person isconsidered in prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayerin the mosque as long as he does not do Hadath." A non−Arabman asked, "O Abu Huraira! What is Hadath?" I replied, "It isthe passing of wind (from the anus) (that is one of the typesof Hadath).1.177:
    • Narrated `Abbas bin Tamim: My uncle said: The Prophet said,"One should not leave his prayer unless he hears sound orsmells something."1.178:Narrated `Ali:I used to get emotional urethral discharges frequently andfelt shy to ask Allahs Apostle about it. So I requestedAl−Miqdad bin Al−Aswad to ask (the Prophet ) about it.Al−Miqdad asked him and he replied, "On has to performablution (after it).1.179:Narrated Zaid bin Khalid: I asked `Uthman bin `Affan about aperson who engaged in intercourse but did no discharge.`Uthman replied, "He should perform ablution like the one foran ordinary prayer but he must wash his penis." `Uthman added,"I heard it from Allahs Apostle." I asked `Ali Az−Zubair,Talha and Ubai bin Ka`b about it and they, too, gave the samereply. (This order was canceled later on and taking a bathbecame necessary for such cases).1.180:Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: Allahs Apostle sent for aAnsari man who came with water dropping from his head. TheProphet said, "Perhaps we have forced you to hurry up, haventwe?" The Ansari replied, "Yes." Allahs Apostle further said,"If you are forced to hurry up (during intercourse) or you donot discharge then ablution is due on you (This order wascanceled later on, i.e. one has to take a bath).1.181:Narrated Usama bin Zaid: "When Allahs Apostle departed from`Arafat, he turned towards a mountain pass where he answeredthe call of nature. (After he had finished) I poured water andhe performed ablution and then I said to him, "O AllahsApostle! Will you offer the prayer?" He replied, "The Musalla(place of the prayer) is ahead of you (in Al−Muzdalifa).1.182:Narrated Al−Mughira bin Shu`ba: I was in the company ofAllahs Apostle on one of the journeys and he went out toanswer the call of nature (and after he finished) I poured
    • water and he performed ablution; he washed his face, forearmsand passed his wet hand over his head and over the two Khuff(socks made from thick fabric or leather).1.183:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas: That he stayed overnight in thehouse of Maimuna the wife of the Prophet, his aunt. He added :I lay on the bed (cushion transversally) while Allahs Apostleand his wife lay in the lengthwise direction of the cushion.Allahs Apostle slept till the middle of the night, either abit before or a bit after it and then woke up, rubbing thetraces of sleep off his face with his hands. He then, recitedthe last ten verses of Sura Al−`Imran, got up and went to ahanging water−skin. He then Performed the ablution from it andit was a perfect ablution, and then stood up to offer theprayer. I, too, got up and did as the Prophet had done. Then Iwent and stood by his side. He placed his right hand on myhead and caught my right ear and twisted it. He prayed tworak`at then two rak`at and two rak`at and then two rak`at andthen two rak`at and then two rak`at (separately six times),and finally one rak`a (the witr). Then he lay down again inthe bed till the Muadh−dhin came to him where upon theProphet got up, offered a two light rak`at prayer and went outand led the Fajr prayer.1.184:Narrated Asma bint Abu Bakr: I came to `Aisha the wife of theProphet during the solar eclipse. The people were standing andoffering the prayer and she was also praying. I asked her,"What is wrong with the people?" She beckoned with her handtowards the sky and said, "Subhan Allah." I asked her, "Isthere a sign?" She pointed out, "Yes." So I, too, stood forthe prayer till I fell unconscious and later on I poured wateron my head. After the prayer, Allahs Apostle praised andglorified Allah and said, "Just now I have seen somethingwhich I never saw before at this place of mine, includingParadise and Hell. I have been inspired (and have understood)that you will be put to trials in your graves and these trialswill be like the trials of Ad−Dajjal, or nearly like it (thesub narrator is not sure of what Asma said). Angels will come
    • to every one of you and ask, What do you know about thisman? A believer will reply, He is Muhammad, Allahs Apostle, and he came to us with self−evident truth and guidance. Sowe accepted his teaching, believed and followed him. Then theangels will say to him to sleep in peace as they have come toknow that he was a believer. On the other hand a hypocrite ora doubtful person will reply, I do not know but heard thepeople saying something and so I said the same. "1.185:Narrated Yahya Al−Mazini: A person asked `Abdullah bin Zaidwho was the grandfather of `Amr bin Yahya, "Can you show mehow Allahs Apostle used to perform ablution?" `Abdullah binZaid replied in the affirmative and asked for water. He pouredit on his hands and washed them twice, then he rinsed hismouth thrice and washed his nose with water thrice by puttingwater in it and blowing it out. He washed his face thrice andafter that he washed his forearms up to the elbows twice andthen passed his wet hands over his head from its front to itsback and vice versa (beginning from the front and taking themto the back of his head up to the nape of the neck and thenbrought them to the front again from where he had started) andwashed his feet (up to the ankles).1.186:Narrated `Amr:My father saw `Amr bin Abi Hasan asking `Abdullah bin Zaidabout the ablution of the Prophet. `Abdullah bin Zaid askedfor earthenware pot containing water and in front of themperformed ablution like that of the Prophet . He poured waterfrom the pot over his hand and washed his hands thrice andthen he put his hands in the pot and rinsed his mouth andwashed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it outwith three handfuls of water. Again he put his hand in thewater and washed his face thrice and washed his forearms up tothe elbows twice; and then put his hands in the water and thenpassed them over his head by bringing them to the front andthen to the rear of the head once, and then he washed his feetup to the ankles.1.187:
    • Narrated Abu Juhaifa: Allahs Apostle came to us at noon andwater for ablution was brought to him. After he had performedablution, the remaining water was taken by the people and theystarted smearing their bodies with it (as a blessed thing).The Prophet offered two rak`at of the Zuhr prayer and then tworak`at of the `Asr prayer while a short spear (or stick) wasthere (as a Sutra) in front of him. Abu Musa said: The Prophetasked for a tumbler containing water and washed both his handsand face in it and then threw a mouthful of water in thetumbler and said to both of us (Abu Musa and Bilal), "Drinkfrom the tumbler and pour some of its water on your faces andchests."1.188:Narrated Ibn Shihab: Mahmud bin Ar−Rabi` who was the person onwhose face the Prophet had ejected a mouthful of water fromhis familys well while he was a boy, and `Urwa (on theauthority of Al−Miswar and others) who testified each other,said, "Whenever the Prophet , performed ablution, hiscompanions were nearly fighting for the remains of the water."1.189:Narrated As−Saib bin Yazid: My aunt took me to the Prophetand said, "O Allahs Apostle! This son of my sister has got adisease in his legs." So he passed his hands on my head andprayed for Allahs blessings for me; then he performedablution and I drank from the remaining water. I stood behindhim and saw the seal of Prophethood between his shoulders, andit was like the "Zir−al−Hijla" (means the button of a smalltent, but some said egg of a partridge. etc.)1.190:Narrated `Amr bin Yahya: (on the authority of his father)`Abdullah bin Zaid poured water on his hands from a utensilcontaining water and washed them and then with one handful ofwater he rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose by puttingwater in it and then blowing it out. He repeated it thrice.He, then, washed his hands and forearms up to the elbows twiceand passed wet hands over his head, both forwards andbackwards, and washed his feet up to the ankles and said,"This is the ablution of Allahs Apostle."
    • 1.191:Narrated `Amr bin Yahya: My father said, "I saw `Amr bin AbiHasan asking `Abdullah bin Zaid about the ablution of theProphet. `Abdullah bin Zaid asked for an earthenware potcontaining water and performed ablution in front of them. Hepoured water over his hands and washed them thrice. Then heput his (right) hand in the pot and rinsed his mouth andwashed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it outthrice with three handfuls of water Again he put his hand inthe water and washed his face thrice. After that he put hishand in the pot and washed his forearms up to the elbows twiceand then again put his hand in the water and passed wet handsover his head by bringing them to the front and then to theback and once more he put his hand in the pot and washed hisfeet (up to the ankles.)"1.192:Narrated Wuhaib:That he (the Prophet in narration 191 above) had passed hiswet hands on the head once only.1.193:Narrated Jabir:Allahs Apostle came to visit me while I was sick andunconscious. He performed ablution and sprinkled the remainingwater on me and I became conscious and said, "O AllahsApostle! To whom will my inheritance go as I have neitherascendants nor descendants?" Then the Divine verses regardingFaraid (inheritance) were revealed.1.194:Narrated Anas:It was the time for prayer, and those whose houses were neargot up and went to their people (to perform ablution), andthere remained some people (sitting). Then a painted stove pot(Mikhdab) containing water was brought to Allahs Apostles Thepot was small, not broad enough for one to spread ones handin; yet all the people performed ablution. (The sub narratorsaid, "We asked Anas, How many persons were you? Anasreplied We were eighty or more"). (It was one of the miraclesof Allahs Apostle).
    • 1.195:Narrated Abu Musa: Once the Prophet asked for a tumblercontaining water. He washed his hands and face in it and alsothrew a mouthful of water in it.1.196:Narrated `Abdullah bin Zaid: Once Allahs Apostle came to usand we brought out water for him in a brass pot. He performedablution thus: He washed his face thrice, and his forearms tothe elbows twice, then passed his wet hands lightly over thehead from front to rear and brought them to front again andwashed his feet (up to the ankles).1.197:Narrated `Aisha:When the ailment of the Prophet became aggravated and hisdisease became severe, he asked his wives to permit him to benursed (treated) in my house. So they gave him the permission.Then the Prophet came (to my house) with the support of twomen, and his legs were dragging on the ground, between `Abbas,and another man." Ubaidullah (the sub narrator) said, "Iinformed `Abdullah bin `Abbas of what `Aisha said. Ibn `Abbassaid: Do you know who was the other man? I replied in thenegative. Ibn `Abbas said, He was `Ali (bin Abi Talib)."`Aisha further said, "When the Prophet came to my house andhis sickness became aggravated he ordered us to pour sevenskins full of water on him, so that he might give some adviceto the people. So he was seated in a Mikhdab (brass tub)belonging to Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet. Then, all of usstarted pouring water on him from the water skins till hebeckoned to us to stop and that we have done (what he wantedus to do). After that he went out to the people."1.198:Narrated `Amr bin Yahya: (on the authority of his father) Myuncle used to perform ablution extravagantly and once he asked`Abdullah bin Zaid to tell him how he had seen the Prophetperforming ablution. He asked for an earthenware potcontaining water, and poured water from it on his hands andwashed them thrice, and then put his hand in the earthenwarepot and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting water
    • in it and then blowing it Out thrice with one handful ofwater; he again put his hand in the water and took a handfulof water and washed his face thrice, then washed his hands upto the elbows twice, and took water with his hand, and passedit over his head from front to back and then from back tofront, and then washed his feet (up to the ankles) and said,"I saw the Prophet performing ablution in that way."1.199:Narrated Thabit:Anas said, "The Prophet asked for water and a tumbler with abroad base and no so deep, containing a small quantity ofwater, was brought to him whereby he put his fingers in it."Anas further said, noticed the water springing out fromamongst his fingers." Anas added, estimated that the peoplewho performed ablution with it numbered between seventy toeighty."1.200:Narrated Anas:The Prophet used to take a bath with one Sa` up to five Mudds(1 Sa` = [??] Mudds) of water and used to perform ablutionwith one Mudd of water.1.201:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas said, "TheProphet passed wet hands over his Khuffs (socks made fromthick fabric or leather)." `Abdullah bin `Umar asked `Umarabout it. `Umar replied in the affirmative and added,"Whenever Sa`d narrates a Hadith from the Prophet, there is noneed to ask anyone else about it."1.202:Narrated Al−Mughira bin Shu`ba: Once Allahs Apostle went outto answer the call of nature and I followed him with a tumblercontaining water, and when he finished, I poured water and heperformed ablution and passed wet hands over his Khuffs (socksmade from thick fabric or leather).1.203:Narrated Ja`far bin `Amr bin Umaiya Ad−Damri: My father said,"I saw the Prophet passing wet hands over his Khuffs (socksmade from thick fabric or leather)."
    • 1.204:Narrated Ja`far bin `Amr: My father said, "I saw the Prophetpassing wet hands over his turban and Khuffs (socks made fromthick fabric or leather).1.205:Narrated `Urwa bin Al−Mughira: My father said, "Once I was inthe company of the Prophet on a journey and I dashed to takeoff his Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or leather). Heordered me to leave them as he had put them after performingablution. So he passed wet hands or them.1.206:Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas: Allahs Apostle ate a piece ofcooked mutton from the shoulder region and prayed withoutrepeating ablution.1.207:Narrated Ja`far bin `Amr bin Umaiya: My father said, "I sawAllahs Apostle taking a piece of (cooked) mutton from theshoulder region and then he was called for prayer. He put hisknife down and prayed without repeating ablution."1.208:Narrated Suwaid bin Al−Nu`man: In the year of the conquest ofKhaibar I went with Allahs Apostle till we reached Sahba, aplace near Khaibar, where Allahs Apostle offered the `Asrprayer and asked for food. Nothing but Sawrq [??] was brought.He ordered it to be moistened with water. He and all of us ateit and the Prophet got up for the evening prayer (Maghribprayer), rinsed his mouth with water and we did the same, andhe then prayed without repeating the ablution.1.209:Narrated Maimuna:The Prophet ate (a piece of) mutton from the shoulder regionand then prayed without repeating the ablution.1.210:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Allahs Apostle drank milk, rinsed hismouth and said, "It has fat."1.211:Narrated `Aisha:Allahs Apostle said, "If anyone of you feels drowsy while
    • praying he should go to bed (sleep) till his slumber is overbecause in praying while drowsy one does not know whether oneis asking for forgiveness or for a bad thing for oneself."1.212:Narrated Anas:The Prophet said, "If anyone of you feels drowsy whilepraying, he should sleep till he understands what he is saying(reciting).1.213:Narrated `Amr bin `Amir: Anas said, "The Prophet used toperform ablution for every prayer." I asked Anas, "What youused to do? Anas replied, "We used to pray with the sameablution until we break it with Hadath."1.214:Narrated Suwaid bin Nu`man: In the year of the conquest ofKhaibar I went with Allahs Apostle till we reached As−Sahbawhere Allahs Apostle led the `Asr prayer and asked for thefood. Nothing but Sawiq [??] was brought and we ate it anddrank (water). The Prophet got up for the (Maghrib) Prayer,rinsed his mouth with water and then led the prayer withoutrepeating the ablution.1.215:Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Once the Prophet, while passing throughone of the graveyards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices oftwo persons who were being tortured in their graves. TheProphet said, "These two persons are being tortured not for amajor sin (to avoid)." The Prophet then