My research presentation is about Cell Phones in education. Presently, smart phones are not used as educational technology in the K-12 setting very much at all, and are generally prohibited throughout Alabama. However, post secondary institutions are increasingly depending on smart phone technology to enhance learning and communication with the student body, as well as staff, as this PPT shows., in K-12 education, the use of smart phone technology is viewed as a foreign and unusual concept, to say the least. The purpose of this PPT is to: 1. Inform school staff, students and other interested stakeholders on the use of smart phones in education. However 2. Make the case that smart phones can be used as effective educational technology. Because smart phones are prohibited from use in k-12 schools, my PPT will show how smart phones are already being used elsewhere, such as universities in America, and in Australia, for example; and how they CAN be used in both instruction and learning. Many people tend to find educational technology intimidating or foreign. Therefore, I tried to use many colorful graphics. I attempted to use humor to maintain interest and dispel anxiety that many teachers have when confronted with new technology. I used “Mayberry” characters periodically throughout the PPT to reflect the humor that those unfamiliar with this idea may initially view the concept, and to relax “technology anxiety” experienced by teachers. I also attempted to use graphics which show the contrast and irony between our “nostalgic” approach to curriculum and the mindset of the digital natives we teach. I love their facial expressions: Shocked, suspicious, and confused. That is the initial reaction of many to the idea of handheld computing devices, especially smart phones, in the school setting.
Most adults are less technologically literate than the students we teach, and this affects our choices of teaching methods. This cartton uses humor to highlight our unfamiliarity with the capabilities of smart phones.
A smart phone is often more powerful than our outdated computers.
Notice the contrast between the technology in the picture and the type used by the digital natives we teach. However, many of our instructional approaches are the same ones that Hellen Crump used.
This fact, shared with me by our instructor, is amazing.
Digital natives think and process information differently than previous generations.
Today’s students are comfortable using technology to locate and share information. It just may not be appropriately used.
This is my favorite slide because it emphasizes the cost effective aspect of smart phone use. It also illustrates that smart phones can augment or even replace existing computers in school often at no cost to school systems.
These cartoon characters are suspicious and amused. That’s how many educators feel about this topic: they don’t realize that it is already implemented.
Some people feel outraged as such an idea.
Teachers associate smart phones with the only uses they see kids demonstrate- recreation, leisure, etc. etc.
Although using cell phones to accomplish work-related tasks is a foreign idea in K-12 schools, smart phones are staple equipment in the business world.
Teachers experience a great deal of frustration with students wasting valuable instructional time using cell phones inappropriately. Maybe they are using them inappropriately because they are not taught or allowed to use them to complete tasks, the way they are used in the workplace.
Note the timeliness. This is from the news today.
This is from NPR today 4/20/2010.
We can replace inappropriate behaviors with appropriate behaviors, increase productivity and save the school money at the same time. We need to teach uses appropriate and beneficial for the academic environment, not MySpace.
Now, not everyone may be initially receptive to this idea.
The following slides show some uses that students will have for smart phones in the academic setting.
No more excuses for not having notes, losing notes, or makeup notes.
Students can research academic data bases just like we can, right from their phone. Just think, you can log into Academic Search Premiere or Ebscohost from your IPhone. So can they.
The following slides will show uses that teachers have for smart phones in instruction. Keep in mind, as far fetched as these ideas may sound, they are already being implemented in classrooms.
Many initially have reservations about the idea of having a cell phone in school. Period. The uses for it may be even more, well, modern.
This is my second favorite slide.
Here are examples of colleges and universities already doing this in the United States…..
More examples of colleges and universities implementing smart phone technology in a practical manner,,,,,,,,,,
Smart phone technology is also used at universities in Australia with great success…..
Maybe it will be okay after all.
I have some great references, including our instructor.
Smart Phones in Education
Cell Phones in Education Kim Wesson ED 598 Final Project Spring 2010
Do you know what today’s smart phones can really do? Kim Wesson
Today’s smart phones are actually small, handheld computing devices. <ul><li>One of these is really……. one of these. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
This doesn’t work now, either. <ul><li>“You’re kidding.” </li></ul>Kim Wesson “ Sarah won’t patch us through?”
Do you know her? <ul><li>These days are gone. </li></ul>
Basically, anything you can do with a computer, you can do with a phone….and then some. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
Today’s cell phones are more powerful than the computers used to send the first astronauts to the moon. <ul><li>This …………is more powerful than this. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Digital natives, students who have always lived with technology, know all about smart phones. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
And today’s digital natives use them continually, everywhere except school. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Smart phones have many uses beside talking….outside of school, that is. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Using a computer to go online is now as simple as picking up a smart phone <ul><li>How do your students use the internet? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Cell phones are portable, take-anywhere computers. <ul><li>They have an ever-expanding number of applications and uses. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
The average worker uses this technology daily. In education, it’s discouraged. <ul><li>Smart phones are just another tool in the workplace, except for the classroom. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
We keep making rules against cell phones in school. <ul><li>However, the use of cell phones among students continues to increase, not decrease; projected sales of smart phones in the year 2012 is expected to be 70.3 million, and that figure would not include those already on the market. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
These rules against cell phone use in school do not appear to be working. Kim Wesson
Aren’t we really reinforcing the message that this is to be used as a form of recreation? <ul><li>Is this preparation for the real world? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
“ The use of cell phones, particularly smart phones, continues to explode, yet the incorporation of these phones into the school curriculum is generally discouraged.” Kim Wesson
Students are already on the informational technology highway. <ul><li>But are they in the correct lane? Are they headed in the right direction? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
How many students have cell phones with smart phone technology stashed in their backpacks? Kim Wesson
That’s really more like an unused, privately funded computer lab contained in backpacks . <ul><li>How many computer labs does your school have? What does one cost? How many would you like? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
In the real world, technology is not packed away. It’s everywhere. <ul><li>You can’t get away from it. It’s all over. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Studies show that the greatest obstacle to incorporating the use of smart phones into classroom use despite well-researched educational implications for cell phones, is simply teacher resistance to change. (“Cell phones make headway in education,” 2008). <ul><li>Things have changed . </li></ul>Kim Wesson
“ The curriculum in U.S. schools today traces its roots to the 19th century. In 1892, at Harvard College the Committee of Ten promulgated a curriculum that American schools needed to enact in order to prepare students to attend Harvard College. You don’t need 21st century computing technologies to teach a 19th century curriculum.” (Norris et al., 2009 ). Kim Wesson
The problem with this pedagogical philosophy is that it does not prepare 21st century learners; it prepares 19th century learners Kim Wesson
We are preparing students to work in the future, not the past. <ul><li>Things that worked then do not work now. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Why not use smart phones in schools in acceptable ways? <ul><li>“As cell phones have become more sophisticated and equipped with an ever-growing number of applications, their usefulness for all purposes has increased, including seldom –utilized educational purposes.” </li></ul>Kim Wesson Kim Wesson
Did you just say IN SCHOOLS??? It sounded like you said something about cell phones-But I know I didn’t hear THAT!!! Kim Wesson
DID YOU SAY CELL PHONES IN A SCHOOL?? <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
They need to learn to function here….. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
by using this. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
The business world rushed to integrate technology into corporate life to increase productivity. <ul><li>Smart phones are just one more tool used to share data and use information to remain competitive. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
The business world could not function without the use of cell phones and smart phone technology on a daily basis. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson Kim Wesson Kim Wesson
The “real world” requires employees to know how to use hand-held smart phones to increase productivity. <ul><li>Today’s work environment utilizes technology on every level to conduct daily business. Shouldn’t our schools prepare students to do this? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Today’s hand-held technology allows us to multi-task. <ul><li>In almost every other environment except education, this is capitalized upon to increase productivity. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
It doesn’t have to be like this. <ul><li>Unless that’s all they know to do. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
This was posted to National Public Radio today 4/20/2010: <ul><li>Kristin Murphy/Deseret News via AP </li></ul><ul><li>Teen Texting Soars; Will Social Skills Suffer? </li></ul><ul><li>() The number of teenagers who say they text-message daily has shot up to 54 percent from 38 percent in just the past 18 months, a new report finds. The typical American teenager sends 50 texts a day. Teachers worry the texting trend will hurt their students' interpersonal communication skills </li></ul>
How many in this photo from today’s news are smart phones? <ul><li>This was NPR, 4/20/2010 </li></ul>
Why don’t we try teaching- <ul><li>Less of this……….….and more of this? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Smart phones and hand held computing devices are used to increase productivity in most fields of endeavor. <ul><li>Why do we avoid capitalizing on this asset in the educational environment? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
You mean like MAKE US USE THEM?? IN SCHOOL???? Kim Wesson
BRING MY CELL PHONE TO CLASS? <ul><li>YOU MEAN TO DO MY WORK? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Just let me load this here SIDEARM. <ul><li>NOW DID YOU SAY CELL PHONES? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
* Students can use them .. To stay organized; remember assignments, test dates and homework; <ul><li>Cell phones can be used as a day planner by using the calendar and voice recording features to replace the day planner that many special education teachers provide to students at taxpayer expense to use .(Nebraska State Department of Education, 2010). </li></ul>Kim Wesson
to replace regular and graphing calculators; Kim Wesson
To use Microsoft Word; <ul><li>To create, edit, transport or share Microsoft Word Documents; </li></ul>Kim Wesson
For discussion forums……. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
To make, play or share educational games……. <ul><li>Games AND cell phones, in the same sentence? They really get excited about this. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
To create or show Power Points; <ul><li>Students can create and display Power Points using smart phones equipped with Microsoft software; </li></ul>Kim Wesson
* to conduct research; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
* to send and receive emails; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Consult with experts in topics of study from other geographic areas; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
“ You mean talk about school stuff instead of texting my buddies and making crank calls? That sounds like work.” <ul><li>“And store documents? How will we have enough storage memory to store those pictures of that yard we rolled?” </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Listen to teacher or student created podcasts; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Teachers underutilize their own smart phones for educational purposes. <ul><li>Which one do you need to be to prepare tomorrow’s workforce? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
You can make podcasts…. <ul><li>Make announcements…..reminders….test notes……easily outside of school. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Use phones To create a call in, talk radio program…… <ul><li>BlogTalkRadio: http:// www.blogtalkradio.com / Using an ordinary telephone and computer, hosts can create free, live, call-in talk shows with unlimited participants that are automatically archived. You can also use a simplified version of this tool to create a simple podcast and audio file with RSS feed, use http:// cinch.blogtalkradio.com / Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Have students listen to educational podcasts with a cell phone….at home or school <ul><li>Podlinez: http:// podlinez.com / Podlinez allows you to listen to podcasts via cell phone or landline. Students and parents can create and listen to podcasts (no need for Internet access). You can just type in an RSS feed for a podcast and get an instant phone number. Ex: http://www.podlinez.net/details.php?number=8013493832 ( Museum of Modern Art) If your classroom creates a space for regular podcasts, you can then create a feed and number so that your students, parents, or school community can listen to your broadcasts through their phones. Kim Wesson </li></ul>
“ MY teachers never did that stuff, and I turned out ok.” Kim Wesson
My teacher never did that and I learnt just fine. <ul><li>Will this be your former student in a few years? </li></ul>
HAVE STUDENTS MAKE AND TAKE A POLL <ul><li>Poll Everywhere ( http:// www.polleverywhere.com / ) is text message voting application. People vote by sending text messages to options displayed on-screen. Teachers can use this to replace “clicker” activities in the classroom to engage students interactively and Poll Everywhere can be used for polling or brainstorming activities outside of class. Can share your poll as a link or embed it into a blog or website. Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Poll Everywhere, YOU MEAN ASK THEM WHAT THEY THINK about what we have studied? OR VOTE? <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
THAT IS DEFINITELY A DANGEROUS IDEA . <ul><li>You’re not from around these parts now are you? You get out that phone and I’m gonna have to take you in. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Create a Voice Thread <ul><li>VoiceThread ( http:// voicethread.com / ) A VoiceThread is a collaborative, multimedia slide show that holds images, documents, and videos and allows people to navigate pages and leave comments in 5 ways - using voice (with a mic or telephone), text, audio file, or video (via a webcam). . Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Creating voice threads, continued . <ul><li>Voicethread Examples in Education http://voicethread4education.wikispaces.com/Best+Practices This wiki collects examples of Voicethreads used in the classroom and includes a slideshow with a collection of several outstanding examples from a variety of grade levels and subject areas . </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
MAKE A voice WHAT???? <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Cell Phone Cameras <ul><li>Picture on the Fly Challenge http://www.cellphonesinlearning.com/2009/04/picture-on-fly-challenge.html Liz created a Picture on the Fly challenge so her blog readers could experiment with using cell cameras to capture and share images related to a specific prompt. See the results ( http://www.cellphonesinlearning.com/2009/04/picture-on-fly-challenge-results.html ) of her “Progress? or Progress!” prompt which was sent via text message to all users who signed up in advance and images were shared through Flickr Mobile on her blog. She also posted a detailed explanation ( http://www.cellphonesinlearning.com/2009/05/how-to-create-your-own-picture-on-fly.html ) about how she created the challenge in case you would like to replicate this activity with students. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Changing voice to text to send announcements, reminders or notes. <ul><li>Dial-2-Do ( http://www.dial2do.com/ ) Phone service that converts your voice to text and allows you to send emails, text messages, or reminders to individuals or groups simply by dialing the number and talking your phone. This voice-to-text capability can also improve accessibility for students who struggle to express themselves in writing but excel with oral and auditory tasks. Video tutorial. ( http://www.screencast-o-matic.com/watch/cjXZlcnTz ) </li></ul><ul><li>YES, TEXTS. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
SHARING PHOTOS <ul><li>Flickr Mobile ( http:// www.flickr.com /tools/mobile/ ) Creat a Flickr Mobile account and you will receive a unique address to email content directly into your Flickr account from your cameraphone. You can experiment with this option for photo sharing with your students and you can also link a blog account to flickr for sharing pictures to a blog. </li></ul>
With my CELL PHONE? In SCHOOL? <ul><li>I know. It’s just too much. </li></ul>“ I’m going to need my clip board for this!”
Teachers can use them for <ul><li>whiteboard /blackboard archive; notes to self; handheld scanner; photos for student portfolios; instant blogging; podcasts; wiki contributions; web-based organizers for disorganized students; and the arrangement to receive assignment due notices; data collection </li></ul>Kim Wesson
Doesn’t that just sound fun? <ul><li>OK, don’t answer out loud. </li></ul>
Cell phones to file share… <ul><li>Drop.io (Phon.io) ( http:// drop.io /) Use drop.io to privately share your files and collaborate in real time by web, email, phone, mobile, and more. Create each drop in two clicks and share what you want, how you want, with whom you want. Links to itunes and has an RSS feed for participants to subscribe. (created test drop: http:// drop.io/etlooli / ) </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Cell phones can also be used as an alternative for classroom response systems (“clickers and buzzers”) by utilizing polleverywhere.com, “which lets anyone post a poll or multiple-choice questionnaire that others can complete using cell phone texting.” Kim Wesson
“ Well you know, Andy, sometimes change is good. “ <ul><li>“ Those clickers and buzzers cost a whole heap. And those kids already have a bunch of IPhones.” </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
* To increase the number of computers available in a very cost-effective manner; <ul><li>. </li></ul>“ many educators feel that cell and/or smart phones are the only way to provide one-to-one student-to-computer ratio when schools cannot afford laptops for each student”. Kim Wesson
* To increase portable computing devices available at little to no cost to the school; Kim Wesson
Some colleges are passing them out at registration.Will students know how to adjust? <ul><li>Colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>such as Madonna University in Livonia, Michigan, and the University of Michigan. The University of Maryland is creating a mobile portal which students can use to conduct daily university business and stay connected with university services. (Norris, et.al, 2010 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
Universities increasingly use smart phones and hand-helds to replace huge textbooks in a cost effective manner. Kim Wesson
“ American campuses have joined the classes-via-cell-phone trend, including Louisiana Community & Technical College System and Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. Ball State nursing students began using mobile devices last school year, and downloading course material has literally taken a considerable weight off of students’ shoulders. Brandon Campbell, the nursing school’s lead technology services specialist, said electronic nursing manuals accessed on a mobile device replaced a two-foot stack of reading material that students once lugged around from class to class. Campbell and Kay Hodson-Carlton, coordinator of learning resources and extended education at Ball State’s nursing school, said acceptance of cell phone-based course material was nearly ubiquitous.” (Carter, 2009 ). Kim Wesson
At the Presbyterian Women’s College, Croyden, Australia, international attention was turned to the university when the use of mobile phones for exams was implemented. (Prensky, 2008). Kim Wesson
Universities are using this….. To replace this,,,,,,, Kim Wesson
This group <ul><li>Has to move from technology for play to technology for pay. </li></ul>
The tools we use are changing. When is the last time you wrote one one of these? Kim Wesson
“ Well, phones like this one here don’t work right any more. I feel much happier and more relaxed about all this now.” Kim Wesson
Check it out. <ul><li>Invaluable Resource: Liz Kolb’s Blog and Book: From Toys to Tools: Connecting Student Cell Phones to Education http://www.cellphonesinlearning.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
References <ul><li>Bafile, Cara. (2009). Mobile technology goes to school . Education world. Retrieved </li></ul><ul><li>from www. educationworld .com/a_ tech / tech / tech 248.shtml. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter, Dennis. (2009, July 6). Cell phones used to deliver course content. eSchool </li></ul><ul><li>news . Retrieved from www.eschoolnews.com/2009/07/06/cell-phones-used-to-deliver-course- content . </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Van drimmelen, Jeff. (2007, June 6). Eight was to use camera phones in </li></ul><ul><li>education. Edutechie.com. Retrieved from http://ed utechie.com/2007/06/8-ways-to-u se-camera-phones-in-education. </li></ul><ul><li>Kharif. Cell phones make headway in education. (2008, August 28). </li></ul><ul><li>BusinessWeek special reports . Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/aug2008/tc20080827_832352_page_2 ... </li></ul><ul><li>Nebraska Department of Education. (2010). Technology integration: educational </li></ul><ul><li>use of cell phones. Retrieved from http://www.nde.state.ne.us/techcen/EducationalusesforCellPhones.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>Norris, cathy, and solowa, elliott. (2009). Get cell phones into schools. Businessweek. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>www. businessweek .com/technology/content/jan2009/tc20090114_741903. </li></ul><ul><li>Prensky, Marc. (2008). Using cell phones for exams. Op-ed submission </li></ul><ul><li>for the Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from www.Marcpresky.com/writing/Presky -using CellPhonesfor Exams- OpEd-Australia.pdf.Australia.pdf . </li></ul><ul><li>Prensky, Marc. (October 2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Vol.9 No.5, pp.1-6. Retrieved from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology: teen einsteins? (10/1/2007). Junior scholastic.Vol.110, Issues 3, p 5. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http:// web.ebscohost.com . Lib-proxy.jsu.edu/ehost/delivery?vid=13&hid=6&sid=43de0085. </li></ul><ul><li>Trotter, Andrew. Students turn their cellphones on for classroom lessons: </li></ul><ul><li>new academic uses challenge restrictions. (Jan. 2009). Edweek.org, Vol.28, </li></ul><ul><li>Issue 16, pages 10-11 . Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2009/01/07/16cellphone.h28.html. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of cell phones in education. (2010). Classroom2.O . Accessed </li></ul><ul><li>from http://wiki.classroom20.com/Cell+Phones . </li></ul><ul><li>Kathy Mitchell </li></ul><ul><li>Education Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Public Television </li></ul><ul><li>800-239-5233 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] Kim Wesson </li></ul>