ADP L2 Writing Good Paragraphs
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ADP L2 Writing Good Paragraphs

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Presentation about writing an academic paper for second language learners. Includes basics for writing a paragraph.

Presentation about writing an academic paper for second language learners. Includes basics for writing a paragraph.

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  • Today we will talk about how to write an experimental report. This is a report that you will write after you have done some research.
  • You are telling a story in a standardized format. There are two main parts – the abstract and the body. The abstract is written after writing the body of your report. It consists of the introduction, where you give an overview of your topic, the methods you used to carry out your research, the research results, a discussion of the results and a conclusion.Results: The shoes got soaking wet, the leather cracked as it dried, and the soles separated from the tops.Conclusions: These shoes were not waterproof and not meant to be worn when walking in water. In addition, the high price of the shoes is not closely linked with durability.Recommendations: In the future, the wearer of this type of shoe should watch out for puddles, not just treetops. When buying shoes, the wearer should determine the extent of the shoes’ waterproofing and/or any warranties on durability.
  • This study shows that students in Japan are increasingly using Facebook and Twitter in higher education.
  • Flickr photo:


  • 1. ADP Lesson 2
    Writing an Academic Paper
  • 2. Writing Styles
    There are many types of writing styles.
    Informal styles
    Chat or chat message
    Diary or journal
    Formal styles
    Academic papers
    Letters when applying for jobs
    Business reports
  • 3. Academic Writing
    Has a target audience with knowledge about the topic
    Based on research or literature review
    Provides information, data, analysis
    Usually for presentation or publication
    Uses paragraph form
    Is written in complete sentences
  • 4. Writing Paragraphs
    A paragraph is an organized group of sentences about a single topic or idea.
    A paragraph contains three main parts
    Topic sentence
    Supporting sentences
    Concluding sentence
    Begin a new paragraph when writing about a new idea
  • 5. Topic sentence
    The topic sentence explains the main idea or thesis of the paragraph.
    The topic sentence is usually the first sentence or near the beginning of a paragraph.
    The reader should be able to understand what the paragraph is about by reading the topic sentence.
  • 6. Topic Sentence Examples
    My hometown, Honolulu, Hawaii is famous for amazing natural features that attract tourists all year.
    Currently, more universities are using Facebook for educational purposes.
    Kansai University students are motivated to learn English to improve their writing and presentation skills.
  • 7. Supporting Sentences
    Supporting sentences provides details or information that support the topic sentence.
    Sometimes uses transition words or phrases,
    In particular
    On the other hand
    In contrast
    First, second, third
    In addition
    As a result
  • 8. Supporting Sentences Example
    Topic Sentence
    My hometown, Honolulu, Hawaii is famous for amazing natural features that attract tourists all year.
    Supporting Sentences
    Many people from around the world visit Waikiki Beach, a beautiful stretch of white sand and blue ocean, where they swim and surf. Beside beaches, Honolulu has a well-known volcano, Diamond Head, that has a popular hiking trail. Many Japanese tourists also like to visit Moanalua Garden, where there is a huge monkey pod tree that is popular on a television show sponsored by a company called Hitachi.
  • 9. Types of Supporting Sentences
    Cite data (For example, facts, statistics, evidence, details)
    Use examples and illustrations
    Give quotes or evidence of what experts say
    Evaluate causes and reasons
    Compare and contrast
    Examine effects and consequences
  • 10. Concluding Sentence
    The concluding sentence summarizes the idea of the paragraph.
    The concluding sentence is similar but not the same as the topic sentence.
    Words or phrases that can be used in a concluding sentence
    In conclusion
    In summary
    In the final analysis
    As a result
  • 11. Concluding Sentence Examples
    Therefore, many tourists like Hawaii because they can go swimming, surfing, hiking and sightseeing in nature.
    In conclusion, Facebook is no longer only used for social purposes, but is growing in use in universities.
    As a result, Kansai University students are using English in speaking, reading and writing.
  • 12. Group Discussion Activity
    Write a paragraph that describes your group members.
    Be sure to have
    A topic sentence
    Supporting sentences
    A concluding sentence
    When you are finished, post your paragraph on the ADP Facebook Group page.
  • 13. Writing an Experimental Report
    Kansai University, Spring 2011
  • 14. Overview
  • 16. Introduction
    Opening Statement (General)
    Introduce the problem
    Use simple English
    Literature Review
    What previous studies have shown
    Only related to your work
    What your work shows that others do not
    Study Overview
    State your hypothesis clearly
    Methods used in your research
  • 17. Sample Introduction
    Introduce the topic
    Recently, mobile phone use has increased in Japan and America. Newer models of mobile phones have features that allow users access the Internet, take videos and post comments to online sites.
  • 18. Sample Introduction
    Give background information
    Facebook has become a popular Social Networking System (SNS) all over the world. According to Yamamoto and Kubota (2010), Facebook is used by ______ people in _____ countries.
    • Note: When you use abbreviations (for example, SNS), always the words first with the abbreviation in parenthesis. After that you can use the abbreviation.
  • Sample Introduction
    Explain the purpose of the research
    The purpose of this study is to compare the use of mobile phones in Hawaii and Japan.
    The purpose of this paper is to find the SNS used most often in Hawaii and Japan.
  • 19. Discussion
    Explain to the class your topic of interest or about the research that you want to do as a graduate student.
    Ask each other questions to clarify ideas.
  • 20. Homework
    Before the next class,
    Write a general paragraph (first part of introduction) about your research topic or area of interest.
    Introduce the problem
    • What is the main topic?
    • 21. What is the purpose?
    • 22. Why was this topic selected?
    • 23. What are important relevant facts?
    • 24. What are problems or issues?
    • 25. Introduce the problem
    Post your paragraph in Google Docs
  • 26. Success!