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ADP L10 Citations & References

ADP L10 Citations & References



Part 10 of a series of lessons on writing an academic paper. Presented in English to graduate students at Kansai University, Osaka, Japan.

Part 10 of a series of lessons on writing an academic paper. Presented in English to graduate students at Kansai University, Osaka, Japan.



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  • June 13,2011 presentation

ADP L10 Citations & References ADP L10 Citations & References Presentation Transcript

  • Lesson 10 Academic PaperCitations & References
    Kansai University 2011
  • Body of Academic Paper (1)
    Introductory Paragraph
    Literature Review
    Concluding Paragraph or Study Overview
    Introductory Paragraph
    Step-by-step Description of Procedure
    Explanation of How Data was Analyzed
    Concluding Paragraph
  • Body of Academic Paper (2)
    Results & Discussion
    Introductory Paragraph
    Present your data
    Information about your data
    Tables and Figures
    Explain your data
    Concluding Paragraph
    Needed for each citation
  • Purdue UniversityOnline Writing Lab (OWL)
    In-Text Citations (APA)
    Reference List (APA)
  • In-Text Citation Basics
    Use signal words (and phrases)
    Use past tense
    Kimura (2011) found that ...
    According to Kubota (2009), ...
    ... (Author, date) stated that ...
    ... (Author, date) explained that ...
    ... (Author, date) theorized that ...
  • Author Citation (1)
    One or two authors
    Kubota and Kubota (2005) found that ...
    Three to five authors
    Kubota, Kubota, Kimura, and Ho (2001) stated that ...
    Six or more authors
    Use “et. al.” after first author’s name
    Kimura, et. al. (2000) indicated that ...
  • Author Citation (2)
    Organization as author
    The Ministry of Education (1999) stated ...
    Two or more works in same citation
    Add a semicolon ( ; )
    (Brown, 1985; Kemmitt, 1982; Kubota, 2002)
    Use same order in reference list (alphabetical)
  • Practice: In-Text Citations
    Find citation errors and correct them
  • Citations: Corrected
    (Oblinger & Oblinger, 2005)
    (“Oops pow surprise,” 2010) [this is correct]
    (“Statistics,” 2010)
    (“New data,” 2010)
    (Kahn, 2006)
  • Reference List Basics
    Listed after the conclusion
    Lines after the first line indented 1.25 cm “hanging indent”
    Last name of author first
    Kimura, M. E. O.
    List in alphabetical order
  • Reference List:Authors
    One or two authors
    Kimura, B. Y. & Kimura, M. E. O. (2001). Happy days are here again. Journal of Information Communications Technologies, 10(2),15-19.
    NOTE: Title and volume in italics
  • Reference List:Organization
    Publication by Organization
    EDCAUSE. (2011, June 7). 7 things you should know about organizing files in the cloud. Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7073.pdf
  • Reference ListNo Author or Date
    No author or date given on web page
    Teamwork in the classroom. (n.d.). NDT resource center. Retrieved from: http://www.ndt-ed.org/TeachingResources/ClassroomTips/Teamwork.htm
    (n.d.). = no date
    In reference list, use “sentence case” for capitalization of title.
  • Reference List:DOI
    Digital Object Identifier
    Can be found, even if moved
    Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(11/12), 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161
  • Reference List:Electronic Sources
    OWL (APA 6th Edition)
    Online journals
    Conference proceedings
    Online video
    Electronic book (E-book)
  • Internet Sources:Web site (Homepage)
    Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from http://Web address
    Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
  • Internet SourcesBlog
    Posted article in blog
    O’Dell, J. (2011, June 11). How online education is changing the way we learn [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2011/06/11/online-education-infographic/
  • Internet Sources:Online Video
    YouTube video
    Wesch, M. (2007, January 31). Web 2.0 ... the machine is us/ing us [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gmP4nk0EOE
  • Internet Sources:Online Journal
    Same as for printed Journals
    Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url
    Abe, Y. (2011). The effects of computer-mediated communication on Japanese EFL learners' English proficiency. TCC 2011 Worldwide Online Conference Refereed Proceedings, 2011(1), 169-185. Retrieved from http://etec.hawaii.edu/proceedings/2011/Abe.pdf
  • Internet Sources:E-book
    Only available on the Internet
    Siemens, G. & Tittenberger. (2009). Handbook of emerging technologies and learning. Retrieved from http://umanitoba.ca/learning_technologies/cetl/HETL.pdf
  • Practice: Reference List
    Find errors in a given reference list
    Hint: Five items need correction.
  • Practice: Corrected
    4,000,000,000. (2009, October 12). Flickr blog [web log]. Retrieved from http://blog.flickr.net/en/2009/1012/4000000000/
    Bray, E. (2010, February). Using videomail (vmail) effectively in online intercultural exchanges. CALL-EJ Online, 11(2). Retrieved from http://www.tell.is.ritsumei.ac.jp/callejonline/journal/11-2/bray.html
    Levine, A. (n.d.). 50+ web 2.0 ways to tell a story. Retrieved from the wiki http://cogdogroo.wikispaces.com/50+Ways
    New Media Lab. (2010, January 19). 2008 social media statistics. Retrieved from http://nmlab.com/download/1/
    Wesch, M. (2007, January 31).Web 2.0 ... the machine is us/ing us [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gmP4nk0EOE
  • Homework
    Add citations and references to Google Doc.
    Include at least three (3) citations and references.
    List a reference for each citation at the end of the document.
    Finish your paper.
    Complete all sections of your paper in Google Docs.
    Write your reflection about today's class in Facebook.
    Post reflection in Facebook ADP Group.
  • Question and Answers
    Kansai University
    Spring 2011