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Introduction to organic farming.

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general aspects of organic agriculture.

general aspects of organic agriculture.

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Introduction to organic farming. Introduction to organic farming. Presentation Transcript

  • KENYA INSTITUTE OF ORGANIC FARMING . Introduction to organic farming. Kimole Stephen, Agronomist. [email_address] 0722 273205.
  • KIOF ACTIVITIES.
    • Dissemination of the organic message through:
    • Students.
    • Farmers training.
    • Consultancy and outreach
    • Demonstration gardens
  • What is organic farming?
    • A production system, which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives. To the maximum extent feasible, organic farming system rely on crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, off- farm organic waste, and aspects of biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and tilth, to supply plant nutrients and to control insects, weeds and other pests.
  • Advantages of organic farming.
    • Sustainability: The soils capability to nature and sustain plant life is enhanced.
    • Efficient use of soil nutrients.
    • Self-reliance in production inputs.
    • Use of pest management methods that do not seriously affect the environment or mankind.
    • Elimination of pesticides related health problems.
    • Improved family nutrition.
  • Cont.
    • Space intensive-ability to produce more food from a small area.
    • Labour intensive rather than capital intensive.
    • Water conservation.
    • Conservation of plant genetic resource.
    • Income generation.
    • Risk free.
    • Economically sound.
  • Organic farming and health
    • Clean water-
    • Respiratory complications-spraying
    • Produce free of chemical residue
    • Nutrition-produce with the right nutritional composition-Facts and figures-increasing fertilizer use with decreasing yields and also decreasing mineral composition.
  •  
  • Principles of organic farming.
    • Diversity-both in animals and plants.
    • Living soil.
    • Cyclic flow
    • Keeping animals according to their needs
  • Cropping systems.
    • Mono cropping
    • Mixed cropping.
  • Mixed cropping ensures balanced diet.
  • THE END .