Unit 1 – people and relationships (2)


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  • Unit 1 – people and relationships (2)

    1. 1. Unit 1 – People and relationships
    2. 2. Describe appearance He is tall. He is very tall. He is short. He is normal height. He is quite short. He is relatively normal height
    3. 3. Describe appearance She is skinny. (negative) She is fat. (negative) She is underweight. (negative) She is overweight. (negative) She is thin. (negative) She is plump. (neutral) She is slim. (positive) She is stocky. (neutral) She is slender. (positive) She is bonny. (positive) if a man is fat (especially round the waist) we often say he has a beer belly
    4. 4. Describe appearance She has long, straight, black hair. She has short, straight, black hair. She has She has -He is medium medium bald length, length, (he has straight, wavy, no hair) blonde red hair. hair. She has short, curly, blonde hair.
    5. 5. Describe appearance Type of complexion He is asian. He has lightbrown skin. She is black. She has dark skin. He is white. He has fair skin. She is white. She has lightly tanned skin. She is white. She has very pale skin.
    6. 6. Describe appearance  Hair colours Black, brown, red, fair, dark, dyed, mousey  Hair styles Long, short, curly, wavy, straight, with plaits, in a bun, in ponytail, bald  Face Thin, long, round, oval, square, heart-shaped, high forehead, high cheek-bones, full lips, thin lips, long nose, straight nose, broken nose, turned-up nose, double chin, cleft chin, pointed chin  Eyes Double eyelid, bushy eyebrows, thin eyebrows, long eyelashes, thick eyelashes  Distinguishing features Beard, moustache, side-burns, a scar, beauty spot, a mole, with freckles, with wrinkles, with dimples, with glasses, birthmark, tattoo
    7. 7. Describing characteristics  Thoughtful  stubborn  Vain  sensitive  Absent –minded  self-confident  Outgoing  decisive  Easygoing  respectful  Strict  tolerant  Cheerful  humorous  Modest  brave  loyal  moody
    8. 8. Describing characteristics  Tactful / polite  childish  Rude  shy  Kind (kind – hearted)  big – headed  Optimistic  helpful  Pessimistic  selfish  Sympathetic honest  Enthusiastic  pleasant
    9. 9. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 1. You shouldn’t believe a word he says. He is a terrible ______
    10. 10. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 2. Maria’s a terrible _______. She is always talking about everybody else in the office.
    11. 11. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 3. Bob’s quite an ______, isn’t he? He’s got hundreds of friends!
    12. 12. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 4. Martin’s such a _____. He never stops telling people how wonderful he is.
    13. 13. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 5. You can’t keep running away from your responsibilities. You are such a _______
    14. 14. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 6. Just because Dave didn’t go to university Doesn’t mean he is any less intelligent than You. Don’t be such a _______
    15. 15. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 7. Emma’s husband is such a _____. He just sits Around all day watching TV.
    16. 16. Describing characteristics Types of people A gossip a big - head An extrovert a laugh A couch potato a snob A coward a liar 8. Billy knows hundreds of jokes. He is such a ______.
    17. 17. Useful vocabulary - Relationships Nouns:  companion  company  acquaintance  buddy (US)  mate (UK)  shared interests =  sibling  family connection  extended family  nuclear family  conflict  family reunion similar hobbies
    18. 18. Useful vocabulary - Relationships               •   Verbs: get together hang out with socialize get acquainted with befriend enjoy the company of sb( like spending time with sb) gather get to know make friends with Adjectives: intimate distant lifelong (frienship/relationship) Collocations build / develop / establish / form a relationship with sb / between two people a close / long-standing / successful relationship
    19. 19. Useful vocabulary - Relationships Idioms own flesh and blood (= family, relative) Eg: Obviously, my siblings are my own flesh and blood so I love them so much  soul mate (= best friend) Eg: I usually hang out with my soul mate  a sounding board (= a good person to talk to) Eg: I can use my best mate as a sounding board when I have problems  It’s in the blood (it’s a natural part of one’s character) Eg: All my family are really fond of reading – I guess it’s in the blood  Run in the family (= be a shared family characteristic) Eg: My brothers and I have big ears – it runs in the family 
    20. 20. Useful vocabulary - Relationships More idiomatic expressions to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests  to get to know: to begin to know someone  to have a lot in common: to share similar interests  to keep in touch with: to be in contact with  to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer  to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject  Bear a striking resemblance to sb: look very similar to sb 
    21. 21. Part 1 - sample questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. How much time do you spend with your friends? Do you see friends so often? What do you usually do with your friends? Do you prefer spending time with your family or with your friends? Is friendship important to you? Tell me about your family What kinds of things do you and your family often do together? Who are most similar to you in your family?
    22. 22. Part 1- sample answer Sample answer 1 Examiner: Do you see your friends very often? Louisa: Yes … we meet up most weekends … we all get on really well and have a lot in common so we’re always happy doing the same things and going to the same places
    23. 23. Part 2- sample topic cards 1. Describe a close friend  Who the friend is  How you got to know each other  What activities you do together And explain why you feel close to him/her 2. Describe a family member  How this person is related to you  What this person looks like  What kind of person he/she is And explain why you like this person
    24. 24. Part 2- sample answer Topic card 1: Well, one of my soul mates is Jenny who is 2 years older than me and now is studying Computer Science at university. She gives the impression of being pretty simple, but she’s really smart and always does very well at school. We met through a mutual friend who introduced us to each other. This friend is my classmate and also Jenny’s cousin. One time when I was at my friend’s home, Jenny came to visit her, so she introduced me to her. Jenny and I both like going to the park and just walk around. We talk quite a lot about everything and enjoy the peaceful environment of the park. I think that’s what we like to do most. Another thing we often do together is going shopping together because we have similar tastes. I really like Jenny because she’s so easy to be around. She’s not demanding and pushy, like some people I know. She tells me about what she’s going through and I confine mine in her. Our joys are doubles and our sorrows are halved when we can share everything with each other . I guess the best thing in our friendship is unselfishness. We both want the very best for each other andI hope our friendship will last forever
    25. 25. Part 2- sample answer Topic card 2: The person in my family I really like and also love is my mother. She is a very special person and I cannot imagine what I would be without her. Physically, my mother is petite. She is only about 5 feet tall, and weighs about 110 pounds. She has fine, black hair and a fair complexion. One thing people often notice is that my mother always takes pride in her appearance. Even now, at the age of 80, my mother is a well dressed, well-groomed and elegant woman, with her fine choice of clothes and matching accessories, jewelry and shoes.  My mother always loves learning. Even after her busy day, she won't go to bed without reading the newspaper. She also has many creative and cultural interests such as literature, music and dance. Through her own enjoyment, she passed on this love of culture to all her children, including me. Emotionally, my mother has a heart of gold. All her life, she has been ready, willing and able to help anyone who needs anything, with a smile on her face.  In fact, my mother has always been a kind soul and people of all ages love her as soon as they meet her. I think this is because she is good-hearted from her core, and her authenticity is what everyone relates to. She has taught me the meaning of being compassionate, loving, kind, helpful, supportive and so much more. Deep inside my heart, thanks to the unconditional love of both my wonderful parents, I  feel I've been truly blessed in this lifetime.
    26. 26. Part 3- sample questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What are the qualities of a good friend? Why is friendship so important? What are the possible reasons which cause friends break up? Are friends more important than family? Do you agree with the statement “a friend in need is a friend indeed”? In what ways have families in your country changed in recent years? Can you imagine what families will be like in the future?
    27. 27. Part 3- sample answer 1. Examiner: What do you think are the most important qualities for friends to have? Nam: Maybe the most important things are that friends need to share common interests and be honest with each other. (why?) Friends are people we spend a lot of time with, so it definitely helps if they enjoy doing the same activities or talking about the same topics as we do, and of course we need to be able to trust our friends, so honesty is vital for a good friendship. (alternatives / example?) I think I would struggle to become friends with someone who didn’t have anything in common with me, or who wasn’t reliable or trustworthy. 2. Examiner: Why do you think friendship is important? Ngoc: I think friendship is important for all sorts of reasons. (why?) We need friends to share experiences with, to talk to, and for support. (example?) In my case, I like to meet up with friends at the weekend to do something enjoyable, like see a film or go out for dinner. I like chatting with my friends about what we've been doing during the week, or about what's happening in the world. (alternatives?) Without friends to talk to, life would be dull and boring; we would only have our families to talk to.