INFORMATION LITERACYThe Big 6 – a six stage model to help anyone solveproblems or make decisions using informationliteracy.
WHAT IS THE BIG 6? Developed by Michael Eisenberg and David Berkowitz in 2000, Big6 is a six-stage model to help anyone solve problems or make decisions by using available information. Using the Big6 process, you will identify your problems or research goals, seek, use, and put together relevant, authoritative information, then reflect and evaluate whether the final product is effective and was my process efficient.
TASK DEFINITION Define the problem Identify the information needed Where do I find the information? What is my task? What am I supposed to do?
INFORMATION SEEKING STRATEGIES Determine all possible sources Select the best sources What are all the possible sources? What is the best source in this particular situation? What is the best source in this particular context?
LOCATION & ACCESS Locate sources Find information within sources Locating the information source Accessing the information within the source
USE OF INFORMATION Engage (read, hear, view) Extract relevant information Using and engaging the information Pulling out what’s relevant from the information
SYNTHESIS Organise information from multiple sources Present information How are we going to organise the present the information?
EVALUATION Judge the result (effectiveness) Judge the process (efficiency) Evaluating the product Evaluating the process