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Pgcc passives
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Pgcc passives

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Transcript

  • 1. Using Passive Voice
  • 2. Forming the Passive 1
    • In an active sentence, the subject of the verb “does” the action of the verb, and the direct object “receives” the action.
      • Bob Marley wrote Africa Unite.
  • 3. Forming the Passive 2
    • The direct object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. That is, the “receiver” of the action becomes the subject.
    • Africa Unite was written by Bob Marley.
        • Note that the subject of the active sentence appears in an adverbial phrase in the passive sentence. This is called the “by-phrase”.
        • The “by-phrase” is not required and should be used only if it provides important information.
  • 4. Forming the Passive 3
    • Only verbs which have a direct object can be made passive.
    • Intransitive verbs cannot be made passive.
      • The accident happened last night.
      • X The accident was happened last night.
  • 5. Forming the Passive 4
    • The verb of the passive sentence is some form of be + past participle
    • All tenses which occur in active sentences also occur in passive sentences.
  • 6. Practice Sentences
    • Write two practice sentences using either simple present or simple past tense.
    • Write one sentence using active voice and one sentence using passive voice.
    • Write about a favorite musician or an author and one of their books or songs.
  • 7. Using the Passive
    • Use the passive to emphasize the direct object of the sentence, as when:
      • The “doer” of the action is unknown.
        • Rice has been cultivated for thousands of years.
      • The “doer” of the action is not important.
        • The experiment was conducted in the laboratory.
      • The “doer” of the action is hidden.
        • Mistakes were made.
    • Passive sentences occur often in technical writing, research writing, and journalism.
  • 8. Using the Passive
    • Use active voice if the “doer” of the action is important.
    • American readers consider too many passives in a text dull and uninteresting. Use passive sentences sparingly.
  • 9. Problems with passives
    • Using passive when active is more appropriate.
    • Using too many passive sentences in a text.
  • 10. Problems with Passives
    • Trying to make an intransitive verb passive.
      • X The incident was occurred at 6:05 yesterday morning.
  • 11. Problems with Passives
    • Forming the passive incorrectly.
      • X Corn is feed to livestock in the U.S.
  • 12. Problems with Passives
    • Using an incorrect preposition with a stative passive.
      • X Alexander is devoted with his work.

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