Narrative

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Narrative

  1. 1. Narrative<br />and the construction of meaning<br />Critical Perspectives<br />
  2. 2. Every medias text has a<br />NARRATIVESTRUCTURE<br />
  3. 3. This is how the<br />STORY IS TOLD<br />
  4. 4. As consumers (audience)we have come to expectcertain rules (conventions)in our stories.<br />
  5. 5. As consumers (audience)we have come to expectcertain rules (conventions)in our stories.<br />
  6. 6. We are socialised in our media culture toexpect a certain relationshipbetween a media text andthe way it is “packaged”. <br />
  7. 7. We are socialised in our media culture toexpect a certain relationshipbetween a media text andthe way it is “packaged”. <br />
  8. 8. We are socialised in our media culture toexpect a certain relationshipbetween a media text andthe way it is “packaged”. <br />
  9. 9. This means we havecertain expectations.<br />
  10. 10. This means we havecertain expectations…<br />which have developedthrough exposure to media texts.<br />
  11. 11. A coherent, expected,and therefore acceptablenarrative is necessary fora text to be successful<br />
  12. 12. A coherent, expected,and therefore acceptablenarrative is necessary fora text to be successful.<br />
  13. 13. NARRATIVE is creating<br />MEANING<br />
  14. 14. This is often done through<br />ANCHORAGE<br />
  15. 15. In a moving image text,<br />film or TV, the narrative<br />Is shaped by many <br />elements but especially…<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>mise en scene</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>mise en scene
  17. 17. editing</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>mise en scene
  18. 18. editing
  19. 19. music and sounds</li></li></ul><li>This is the way that the<br />story is told…<br />Narration is storytelling<br />
  20. 20. Just as a writer uses paperand words, an artist usescanvas and ink, a sculptoruses clay….<br />
  21. 21. So you have used, mise enscene, sound and music,<br />and editing to shape yournarrative.<br />
  22. 22. You need to be ready to write in detailabout…<br />
  23. 23. You need to be ready to write in detailabout…<br />Howyou have used themto confirm the genre of your<br />text?<br />
  24. 24. Generic conventions arethe shorthand of narrative.<br />
  25. 25. Genericconventions arethe shorthand of narrative.<br />They simplify the storytellingprocess<br />
  26. 26. Generic conventions arethe shorthand of narrative.<br />They simplify the storytellingprocess<br />
  27. 27. Stereotypes are anothervery useful narrative tool.<br />
  28. 28. Stereotypesare anothervery useful narrative tool.<br />Have you used any in your text?<br />
  29. 29. As human beings weare preconditionedto make a narrative out of what we see.<br />(see John Berger’s book “Ways of Seeing”)<br />
  30. 30. We always want to find outwhy, what, when, where?<br />
  31. 31. We always want to find outwhy, what, when, where?<br />We need to make sense of the world. <br />
  32. 32. We always want to find outwhy, what, when, where?We need to make sense of the world.<br />We don't like chaos.<br />
  33. 33. Some things that give meaning…<br />
  34. 34. Some things that give meaning… close ups, <br />
  35. 35. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, <br />
  36. 36. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, <br />
  37. 37. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, <br />
  38. 38. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, <br />
  39. 39. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, <br />
  40. 40. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, costumes, <br />
  41. 41. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, costumes, dialogue, <br />
  42. 42. Some things that give meaning… close ups, establishing shots, juxtaposition of shots, music, sound effects, colours, costumes, dialogue, etc. <br />
  43. 43. THE END<br />

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