BASIC ELEMENTS OF DESIGN IN VISUAL ARTS
Several points together can make a line, shape or design.
Pointillism “ Pointillism” is a school of painting that uses small points or dots to create a picture. Georges Seurat- An Afternoon at La Grande Jatte
Who is the artist for this painting? 1. Vincent Van Gogh 2. “Flowering Garden” Question To Ask: How does the artist use “dots” of color to represent objects?
What is being represented?
A Mark that has a Beginning and an End
How has the artist used the various qualities of line? What kinds of lines do you see? Are there implied lines through outlines or edges of color? Are any figures outlined?
What is your overall impression?
Questions To Ask: 1. How has the artist used the various qualities of line? 2. What kinds of lines do you see? 3. Are there implied lines through outlines or edges of color? 4. Are any figures outlined? 5. What is your overall impression? Artist: Piet Mondrian Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921.
Both ends of a line meet to make a shape
Shapes We Recognize
Shapes of everyday objects
1. Georges Braque 2. “Le Jour” translates as “The Day” in French; it also is the English abbreviation of journal or journalist. Who is the artist for this painting? What shapes do you recognize? How does the artist’s use of shape contribute to what the painting means?
What does “Le Jour” mean?
What shapes do you recognize? What shapes does he use to represent the facial features? How does the artist’s use of shape contribute to what the painting means? Artist: Paul Klee “ Head of a Man”
Who is the artist for this painting? 1. Picasso 2. “Mother and Child” How are line and shape combined in this painting? What is the overall effect?
What do you think the title of the painting is?
Shapes We Do Not Recognize(Organic)
A photographic image of the brain!
A Shape that Has Three Dimensions
What form do you see in this work by Escher?
Organic forms are often seen in nature
Texture How the Surface of Something Looks and Feels
Examples-smooth, rough, soft, bumpy
Texture Albrecht Durer “Young Hare” What is the texture of the animal’s fur? How has the artist created this sense of texture?
David Hockney “Lithograph of Pool” What surfaces do you see? How has the artist used line and shape to create texture?
The Defining Area Around an Object
Space can be Positive or Negative
Rembrandt van Rijn “The Man with the Golden Helmet” Questions To Ask How has the artist used space to define the the man in the portrait? What is in the “positive” space? What is the main thing you see?
Questions To Ask How has the artist used space to define the the man in the portrait? What is in the “positive” space? What is the main thing you see? What time of year does it suggest? Koryusai “Autumn”
Space can have perspective
Andrew Wyeth “Christina’s World” Questions To Ask In what ways has the artist created a sense of depth in this painting? How does he show perspective?
How much light or dark is in a design
James Whistler “Portrait of the Artist’s Mother” How has the artist used contrast in value in this famous painting? What do you think his mother was like?
Questions To Ask Where do you think the light source is coming from? Is it natural light or from a man-made source? What time of day is it? Honore Daumier “Print Collector”
Wavelength Determines the Color
Subtractive Color Wheel Subtractive color refers to the mixing of colors of pigment , such as paint or ink
Color Terms HUE=true color (red, yellow, green, etc) TINT=color+white (red+white=pink)
HUE - the true color (or its name)
TINT=add white SHADE = add black
1. Georgia O’Keefe 2. “Jack-in-the-Pulpit” a type of flower Question To Ask How has the artist combined shades, tints and hues to create the effect of this painting?
Who is the artist for this painting?
Warm and Cool Colors
WARM Georgia O’Keefe Red Canna Do you recognize this as another painting by Georgia O’Keefe?
COOL Georgia O’Keefe “Lake George”
Design that uses one hue in varying tints and shades
COLOR MIXING (pigment)
ANY COLOR + ITS COMPLEMENT=
COLOR MIXING (pigment ) GREEN+ORANGE+VIOLET= GRAY Note: sometimes when mixing paints you will get brown instead of gray. This is because most paints (except watercolors) are some combination of a tint or shade.
ANY COLOR + ITS COMPLEMENT= GRAY
Who is the artist of this painting? What was he most noted for? Jackson Pollock “Mural”
What do you see in this painting?
Monet “Water Lilies” What do you see in this painting? What elements does the artist use? What feelings does he evoke?
Pablo Picasso “Portrait of a Woman with a Hat” Make up your own questions and answer them!
Want to Know More? The Artist’s Toolkit http://www.artsconnected.org/toolkit/index.html The Colour Factory http://www.bbc.co.uk/cbbc/art/activities/games/factory.html Color Tutorial http://www.tomjewett.com/colors/
Visual Literacy Project http://www.pomona.edu/Academics/courserelated/classprojects/Visual-lit/intro/intro.html