Louie Destacamento Master in Arts in Urban and Regional Planning Estate Planning (specialization) Sociology (undergraduate course) International Federation of Social Science Organizations Czech Republic, Australia, India, Bangladesh, Hungary, South Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, and Philippines Publications Director International Conference Organizer UP Plano (Planners Organization) School of Urban and Regional Planning - UP Diliman graduate school organization of professionals from the fields of engineering, economics, architecture, social science, public administration, Founding Chairperson, Over-all Project Director Philippine League of Sociology StudentsPRESENTOR Alliance of sociology students’ organizations from Ateneo, UST, PUP, UP Diliman and UP Los Baños Chief Founder, Over-all Project Director
Louie Destacamento Master in Arts in Urban and Regional Planning Estate Planning (specialization) Sociology (undergraduate course)PRESENTOR
Philippine League of Sociology StudentsAlliance of sociology students’ organizationsfrom Ateneo, UST, PUP, UP Diliman and UP Los BañosChief Founder, Over-all Project DirectorPRESENTOR
UP Plano (Planners Organization) School of Urban and Regional Planning - UP Diliman graduate school organization of professionals from the fields of engineering, economics, architecture, social science, public administration, Founding Chairperson, Over-all Project DirectorPRESENTOR
International Federation of Social Science Organizations Czech Republic, Australia, India, Bangladesh, Hungary, South Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, and Philippines Publications Director International Conference OrganizerPRESENTOR
International Federation of Social Science OrganizationsPRESENTOR
Pilipinas Natin Presidential Communications Operations Office Team Leader Balangay DakilaPRESENTOR
Mendiola Consortium, Social Science CommitteeSan Beda College, La Consolacion College,St. Jude Catholic School, College of the Holy Spiritand Centro Escolar UniversityChairman SY 2012-2013PRESENTOR
College of the Holy Spirit Manila International Studies, Sociology and Anthropology with Family Planning, NSTP, Politics and Governance with Philippine Constitution Instructor 1st Sem AY 2012-2013PRESENTOR
The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn. - Alvin Toffler
SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONSOCIAL, ECONOMICAND CULTURALCAPITAL
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION• A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy based on their access to scarce resources.
SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONBases for socialstratification •Social class •Race and ethnicity •Sex and age •Space and place
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Three Basic Principles• It is universal but variable.• It is a characteristic of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences.• It persists over generations.
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Status: Position in society• Ascribed born into or comes without effort e.g., kinship, race, gender• Achieved must work to get
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System• Meritocratic System• Class System
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa • Brahmin scholars and priests • Kshatriya political leaders and warriors • Vaishaya merchants • Shudras menial workers, artisans • Untouchable
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa • Basis is kinship • Associated occupation • Clearly separated, self-regulating groups • No individual mobility in one lifetime • No intercaste marriage • Religious interpretation ranked by purity
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa• Meritocratic System- social stratification based on achieved status.• Class System- social stratification based on ascribed and achieved status.
Pierre Bourdieu’s “Capital” • Idea championed by French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu in a book called Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction (1973). • In this work, he attempted to explain differences in education outcomes in France during the 1960s.
Pierre Bourdieu’s “Capital” According to Bourdieu capital is… • Currency for social mobility • Accumulated labour in a materialised, embodied (‘incorporated’) or immanent form • Inherited from the past and continuously created
3 Types of Capital: »Economic »Social »Cultural
quality of life• People in more equal societies live longer andtheir self-rated health is better.• People in more equal societies are far lesslikely to experience mental illness.• Children do better at school in more equalsocieties. Measures of child well-being are alsobetter in more equal societies.• Unequal societies have a higher proportion ofincarcerated individuals. STATISTICAL• Measures of obesity, drug abuse, and violenceare higher in more unequal societies. FINDINGS
US War STATISTICAL2010: 462 soldiers died in combat, while 468 committed suicide. One U.S. veteran attempts suicide every 80 minutes FINDINGS
The US Defense Departments $680 billion budget pays for over 3.1 million employees, both military and civilian. Another 3 million people are employed by the defense industry both directly, making things like weapons, and indirectly.The Department of Defense itself is the single largestemployer in the United States. STATISTICAL FINDINGS
U.S. weapons sales for 2001 accounted for 45.8% ofall registered international arms deliveries.This was roughly than 2.5 times the value of exports by theSTATISTICAL FINDINGSsecond (United Kingdom) and third (Russia) largest exporters,9.7 times the level of exports registered by France,and 19 times the level of exports registered by China.
2,000 people are involved in landmine accidents STATISTICALevery month orone victim every 20 minutes FINDINGS
Malnourished children Every 3.6 seconds, someone dies of hunger.75% of these deathsare children under 5. 12 million children die every year -- thats 23 boys and girls every minute STATISTICAL FINDINGS
2010 percentage of women experiencing sexualviolence at least once in their lifetime 4% in Azerbaijan 5% in France 6% in the Philippines 25% Switzerland 28% Denmark 34% Australia 35% the Czech Republic STATISTICAL 41% Costa Rica FINDINGS 44% Mexico
RAPE cases in the Philippines (2010)Among girls, the majority of thevictims belong to the age groups10 to below 1414 to below 18among boys, the most number ofvictims belong to age groups STATISTICAL1 to below 55 to below 10 FINDINGS
Filipino TV audienceThe ratings game is all about the D-E class. Thisclass comprises 74 percent of the entirePhilippine population,3 and is the bulk of the audience offree TV programs. It may be the low-income group, butit’s a prize-market for advertisers. Apparently, itconstitutes the biggest chunk of the market for shampoo, soap,toothpaste, laundry detergent, medicines, coffee, milk,beer, cigarettes, pre-paid telecommunications, and STATISTICALlaundry detergent. FINDINGS
Overseas Filipino WorkersStatistics point out that 55% ofOFWs came from the lowest Dand E social classes,highlighting the socialdisparities and economicdifficulties that fuel migration. STATISTICAL FINDINGS Source: ADB
Overseas Filipino Workers 17 a day cases of missing,imprisoned, raped and maltreated STATISTICAL OFWs. FINDINGS Source:DFA
Human traffickingapproximately 80% of trafficking involves sexual exploitation19% involves labor exploitation STATISTICALIt is estimated that there are approximately 27 million slavesaround the world. FINDINGS
Human traffickingThe majority of trafficking victims are STATISTICAL between 18 and 24 years of ages• An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each years FINDINGS• 95% of victims experienced physical or sexual violence
Human traffickingThe World Health Organization estimates that STATISTICALas many as 7,000 kidneys are illegally obtainedby traffickers every year FINDINGS
SOCIAL Capital: – resources based on group membership, relationships, networks of influence and support.
CULTURAL Capital: – forms of knowledge; skill; education; any advantages a person has which give them a higher status in society
non-monetary forms of exchange and power are equally significant • individuals can ‘choose’ but within existing social conventions, values and sanctions • Individuals do not create the world anew • behaviour is socially constrained • our social interactions are already influencedCONCLUSION by social predispositions, conventions, rules etc.
maistream policies concerned tomitigate the effects of socialexclusion PPAs projects, efficient and effective -subsidy programs and activities -scholarship that will protect, -sponsorship advance their rights -assistance -rights -policy marginalized/ minority -action plans groups
marginalized/ minority groups studentswomen single mothersyouth consumerurban poor farmersindigenous people lgbthandicappedimmigrants senior citizens religious minorities
ACCESS to opportunities are determined by yourto rest capitalsto rechargeto hold on or let go to realize your fullto forgive and forget potentialstake chances to consider alternativesto win to maximize options to uphold standard
ACCESS to opportunities are determined by yourto be relevant capitalsto be influentialto be important to persevereto commit to sustainto aspire to waitto choose
ACCESS to opportunities are determined by your capitals the level of compromise the degree of attempts,the number of efforts
ACCESS to opportunities are determined by your capitalsbegcompromisesettle entitled to calculated risks afford to explorebargain afford the costly mistakessellout effectively communicate
PreambleWe, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aidof Almighty God, in order to build a just andhumane society and establish a Government thatshall embody our ideals and aspirations, promotethe common good, conserve and develop ourpatrimony, and secure to ourselves and ourposterity the blessings of independence anddemocracy under the rule of law and a regime oftruth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, doordain and promulgate this Constitution.
Iniibig ko ang Pilipinas, aking lupang sinilanganTahanan ng aking lahi, kinukupkop ako at tinutulungangUpang maging malakas, masipag at marangalDahil mahal ko ang Pilipinas,Diringgin ko ang payo ng aking mga magulang,Susundin ko ang tuntunin ng paaralan,Tutuparin ko ang tungkulin ng isang mamamayangmakabayan,Naglilingkod, nag-aaral at nagdarasal nang buong katapatan.Iaalay ko ang aking buhay, pangarap, pagsisikapSa bansang Pilipinas.