It is one thing to ASSUME that it is true,      another to KNOW that it is true and   quite another to KNOW WHY it is true...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONSOCIAL, ECONOMIC ANDCULTURAL CAPITAL                     Louie                 Destacamento          ...
PRESENTORSOCIAL                 REPORTSTRATIFICATION                 OUTLINECAPITALSSTATISTICALFINDINGSCONCLUSIONS
Louie Destacamento        Master in Arts in Urban and Regional Planning        Estate Planning (specialization)        Soc...
Louie Destacamento Master in Arts in Urban and Regional Planning Estate Planning (specialization) Sociology (undergraduate...
Philippine League of Sociology StudentsAlliance of sociology students’ organizationsfrom Ateneo, UST, PUP, UP Diliman and ...
UP Plano (Planners Organization)  School of Urban and Regional Planning - UP Diliman  graduate school organization of prof...
UP Plano (Planners Organization)PRESENTOR
International Federation of Social Science Organizations Czech Republic, Australia, India, Bangladesh, Hungary, South Kore...
International Federation of Social Science OrganizationsPRESENTOR
Pilipinas Natin  Presidential Communications Operations Office  Team Leader  Balangay DakilaPRESENTOR
Pilipinas NatinPRESENTOR
Mendiola Consortium, Social Science CommitteeSan Beda College, La Consolacion College,St. Jude Catholic School, College of...
College of the Holy Spirit Manila   International Studies,   Sociology and Anthropology with Family    Planning, NSTP, Pol...
Centro Escolar UniversityPRESENTOR
It is one thing to ASSUME that it is true,      another to KNOW that it is true and   quite another to KNOW WHY it is true...
Common sense?
Largest Pyramid
Largest amount of Lycopene
Humpty Dumpty
SO WHAT ?
The illiterate of the  21st century will not be those who  cannot read and  write, but those who cannot learn,        unle...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONSOCIAL, ECONOMICAND CULTURALCAPITAL
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION• A system by which a society  ranks categories of people in  a hierarchy based on their  access to s...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONBases for socialstratification  •Social class  •Race and ethnicity  •Sex and age  •Space and place
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION        Three Basic Principles• It is universal but variable.• It is a characteristic of society,  no...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION  Status: Position in society• Ascribed  born into or comes without effort  e.g., kinship, race, gend...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION   Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System• Meritocratic System• Class System
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION        Types of Stratification Systems•   Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed    s...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION        Types of Stratification Systems•   Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed    s...
SOCIAL STRATIFICATION    Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status.  I...
Pierre Bourdieu’s “Capital”       • Idea championed by French         sociologist Pierre Bourdieu in a book         called...
Pierre Bourdieu’s “Capital”         According to Bourdieu              capital is…       • Currency for social mobility   ...
3 Types of Capital:      »Economic      »Social      »Cultural
ECONOMIC Capital:   – command over     economic resources     (cash, assets,     properties,     investments, earnings,   ...
SOCIAL Capital:  – resources based on    group membership,    relationships,    networks of    influence and    support.
CULTURAL Capital:   – forms of knowledge;     skill; education; any     advantages a person     has which give them a     ...
quality of life                  STATISTICAL                     FINDINGS
quality of life• People in more equal societies live longer andtheir self-rated health is better.• People in more equal so...
US War                                                           STATISTICAL2010: 462 soldiers died in combat, while 468 c...
The US Defense Departments $680 billion  budget pays for over 3.1 million employees,  both military and civilian. Another ...
U.S. weapons sales for 2001 accounted for 45.8% ofall registered international arms deliveries.This was roughly than 2.5 t...
2,000 people are involved in landmine accidents                                                  STATISTICALevery month or...
STATISTICAL   FINDINGS
Malnourished children                        STATISTICAL                           FINDINGS
Malnourished children                          Every 3.6 seconds,                          someone dies of hunger.75% of t...
STATISTICAL   FINDINGS
2010 percentage of women experiencing sexualviolence at least once in their lifetime    4% in Azerbaijan    5% in France  ...
RAPE cases in the Philippines (2010)Among girls, the majority of thevictims belong to the age groups10 to below 1414 to be...
Filipino TV audienceThe ratings game is all about the D-E class. Thisclass comprises 74 percent              of the entire...
Overseas Filipino WorkersStatistics point out that 55% ofOFWs came from the lowest Dand E social classes,highlighting the ...
Overseas Filipino Workers    17 a day cases of missing,imprisoned, raped  and maltreated                            STATIS...
Overseas Filipino Workers2 cases/monthmysterious deaths ofoverseas Filipinoworkers (OFWs)     STATISTICAL                 ...
Human traffickingapproximately 80% of trafficking involves sexual exploitation19% involves labor exploitation             ...
Human traffickingThe majority of trafficking victims are                         STATISTICAL          between 18 and 24 ye...
Human traffickingThe World Health Organization estimates that      STATISTICALas many as 7,000 kidneys are illegally obtai...
ECONOMIC Capital:   – command over economic resources     (cash, assets, properties, investments,     earnings, income,sav...
SOCIAL Capital:  – resources based on group membership,    relationships, networks of influence and    support.
CULTURAL Capital:   – forms of knowledge; skill; education;     any advantages a person has which give     them a higher s...
non-monetary forms of exchange             and power are equally significant             • individuals can ‘choose’ but wi...
maistream policies concerned tomitigate the effects of socialexclusion            PPAs projects, efficient and effective -...
marginalized/ minority groups                        studentswomen                   single mothersyouth                  ...
ACCESS to opportunities                   are determined by yourto rest                    capitalsto rechargeto hold on o...
ACCESS to opportunities                     are determined by yourto be relevant               capitalsto be influentialto...
ACCESS to opportunities          are determined by your                  capitals     the level of    compromise    the de...
ACCESS to opportunities               are determined by your                       capitalsbegcompromisesettle     entitle...
PreambleWe, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aidof Almighty God, in order to build a just andhumane society an...
PANATANG MAKABAYAN
Iniibig ko ang Pilipinas, aking lupang sinilanganTahanan ng aking lahi, kinukupkop ako at tinutulungangUpang maging malaka...
THANK YOU!
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Capitals

  1. 1. It is one thing to ASSUME that it is true, another to KNOW that it is true and quite another to KNOW WHY it is true. Gary Hunt
  2. 2. SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONSOCIAL, ECONOMIC ANDCULTURAL CAPITAL Louie Destacamento 14 November 2012 College of the Holy Spirit Manila Mendiola Street, Malacañang Palace Complex, Manila, Metro Manila
  3. 3. PRESENTORSOCIAL REPORTSTRATIFICATION OUTLINECAPITALSSTATISTICALFINDINGSCONCLUSIONS
  4. 4. Louie Destacamento Master in Arts in Urban and Regional Planning Estate Planning (specialization) Sociology (undergraduate course) International Federation of Social Science Organizations Czech Republic, Australia, India, Bangladesh, Hungary, South Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, and Philippines Publications Director International Conference Organizer UP Plano (Planners Organization) School of Urban and Regional Planning - UP Diliman graduate school organization of professionals from the fields of engineering, economics, architecture, social science, public administration, Founding Chairperson, Over-all Project Director Philippine League of Sociology StudentsPRESENTOR Alliance of sociology students’ organizations from Ateneo, UST, PUP, UP Diliman and UP Los Baños Chief Founder, Over-all Project Director
  5. 5. Louie Destacamento Master in Arts in Urban and Regional Planning Estate Planning (specialization) Sociology (undergraduate course)PRESENTOR
  6. 6. Philippine League of Sociology StudentsAlliance of sociology students’ organizationsfrom Ateneo, UST, PUP, UP Diliman and UP Los BañosChief Founder, Over-all Project DirectorPRESENTOR
  7. 7. UP Plano (Planners Organization) School of Urban and Regional Planning - UP Diliman graduate school organization of professionals from the fields of engineering, economics, architecture, social science, public administration, Founding Chairperson, Over-all Project DirectorPRESENTOR
  8. 8. UP Plano (Planners Organization)PRESENTOR
  9. 9. International Federation of Social Science Organizations Czech Republic, Australia, India, Bangladesh, Hungary, South Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, and Philippines Publications Director International Conference OrganizerPRESENTOR
  10. 10. International Federation of Social Science OrganizationsPRESENTOR
  11. 11. Pilipinas Natin Presidential Communications Operations Office Team Leader Balangay DakilaPRESENTOR
  12. 12. Pilipinas NatinPRESENTOR
  13. 13. Mendiola Consortium, Social Science CommitteeSan Beda College, La Consolacion College,St. Jude Catholic School, College of the Holy Spiritand Centro Escolar UniversityChairman SY 2012-2013PRESENTOR
  14. 14. College of the Holy Spirit Manila International Studies, Sociology and Anthropology with Family Planning, NSTP, Politics and Governance with Philippine Constitution Instructor 1st Sem AY 2012-2013PRESENTOR
  15. 15. Centro Escolar UniversityPRESENTOR
  16. 16. It is one thing to ASSUME that it is true, another to KNOW that it is true and quite another to KNOW WHY it is true. Gary Hunt
  17. 17. Common sense?
  18. 18. Largest Pyramid
  19. 19. Largest amount of Lycopene
  20. 20. Humpty Dumpty
  21. 21. SO WHAT ?
  22. 22. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn. - Alvin Toffler
  23. 23. SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONSOCIAL, ECONOMICAND CULTURALCAPITAL
  24. 24. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION• A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy based on their access to scarce resources.
  25. 25. SOCIAL STRATIFICATIONBases for socialstratification •Social class •Race and ethnicity •Sex and age •Space and place
  26. 26. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Three Basic Principles• It is universal but variable.• It is a characteristic of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences.• It persists over generations.
  27. 27. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Status: Position in society• Ascribed born into or comes without effort e.g., kinship, race, gender• Achieved must work to get
  28. 28. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System• Meritocratic System• Class System
  29. 29. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa • Brahmin scholars and priests • Kshatriya political leaders and warriors • Vaishaya merchants • Shudras menial workers, artisans • Untouchable
  30. 30. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa • Basis is kinship • Associated occupation • Clearly separated, self-regulating groups • No individual mobility in one lifetime • No intercaste marriage • Religious interpretation ranked by purity
  31. 31. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Types of Stratification Systems• Caste System- social stratification based on ascribed status. India and South Africa• Meritocratic System- social stratification based on achieved status.• Class System- social stratification based on ascribed and achieved status.
  32. 32. Pierre Bourdieu’s “Capital” • Idea championed by French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu in a book called Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction (1973). • In this work, he attempted to explain differences in education outcomes in France during the 1960s.
  33. 33. Pierre Bourdieu’s “Capital” According to Bourdieu capital is… • Currency for social mobility • Accumulated labour in a materialised, embodied (‘incorporated’) or immanent form • Inherited from the past and continuously created
  34. 34. 3 Types of Capital: »Economic »Social »Cultural
  35. 35. ECONOMIC Capital: – command over economic resources (cash, assets, properties, investments, earnings, income,savings).
  36. 36. SOCIAL Capital: – resources based on group membership, relationships, networks of influence and support.
  37. 37. CULTURAL Capital: – forms of knowledge; skill; education; any advantages a person has which give them a higher status in society
  38. 38. quality of life STATISTICAL FINDINGS
  39. 39. quality of life• People in more equal societies live longer andtheir self-rated health is better.• People in more equal societies are far lesslikely to experience mental illness.• Children do better at school in more equalsocieties. Measures of child well-being are alsobetter in more equal societies.• Unequal societies have a higher proportion ofincarcerated individuals. STATISTICAL• Measures of obesity, drug abuse, and violenceare higher in more unequal societies. FINDINGS
  40. 40. US War STATISTICAL2010: 462 soldiers died in combat, while 468 committed suicide. One U.S. veteran attempts suicide every 80 minutes FINDINGS
  41. 41. The US Defense Departments $680 billion budget pays for over 3.1 million employees, both military and civilian. Another 3 million people are employed by the defense industry both directly, making things like weapons, and indirectly.The Department of Defense itself is the single largestemployer in the United States. STATISTICAL FINDINGS
  42. 42. U.S. weapons sales for 2001 accounted for 45.8% ofall registered international arms deliveries.This was roughly than 2.5 times the value of exports by theSTATISTICAL FINDINGSsecond (United Kingdom) and third (Russia) largest exporters,9.7 times the level of exports registered by France,and 19 times the level of exports registered by China.
  43. 43. 2,000 people are involved in landmine accidents STATISTICALevery month orone victim every 20 minutes FINDINGS
  44. 44. STATISTICAL FINDINGS
  45. 45. Malnourished children STATISTICAL FINDINGS
  46. 46. Malnourished children Every 3.6 seconds, someone dies of hunger.75% of these deathsare children under 5. 12 million children die every year -- thats 23 boys and girls every minute STATISTICAL FINDINGS
  47. 47. STATISTICAL FINDINGS
  48. 48. 2010 percentage of women experiencing sexualviolence at least once in their lifetime 4% in Azerbaijan 5% in France 6% in the Philippines 25% Switzerland 28% Denmark 34% Australia 35% the Czech Republic STATISTICAL 41% Costa Rica FINDINGS 44% Mexico
  49. 49. RAPE cases in the Philippines (2010)Among girls, the majority of thevictims belong to the age groups10 to below 1414 to below 18among boys, the most number ofvictims belong to age groups STATISTICAL1 to below 55 to below 10 FINDINGS
  50. 50. Filipino TV audienceThe ratings game is all about the D-E class. Thisclass comprises 74 percent of the entirePhilippine population,3 and is the bulk of the audience offree TV programs. It may be the low-income group, butit’s a prize-market for advertisers. Apparently, itconstitutes the biggest chunk of the market for shampoo, soap,toothpaste, laundry detergent, medicines, coffee, milk,beer, cigarettes, pre-paid telecommunications, and STATISTICALlaundry detergent. FINDINGS
  51. 51. Overseas Filipino WorkersStatistics point out that 55% ofOFWs came from the lowest Dand E social classes,highlighting the socialdisparities and economicdifficulties that fuel migration. STATISTICAL FINDINGS Source: ADB
  52. 52. Overseas Filipino Workers 17 a day cases of missing,imprisoned, raped and maltreated STATISTICAL OFWs. FINDINGS Source:DFA
  53. 53. Overseas Filipino Workers2 cases/monthmysterious deaths ofoverseas Filipinoworkers (OFWs) STATISTICAL FINDINGS Source:Migrante
  54. 54. Human traffickingapproximately 80% of trafficking involves sexual exploitation19% involves labor exploitation STATISTICALIt is estimated that there are approximately 27 million slavesaround the world. FINDINGS
  55. 55. Human traffickingThe majority of trafficking victims are STATISTICAL between 18 and 24 years of ages• An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each years FINDINGS• 95% of victims experienced physical or sexual violence
  56. 56. Human traffickingThe World Health Organization estimates that STATISTICALas many as 7,000 kidneys are illegally obtainedby traffickers every year FINDINGS
  57. 57. ECONOMIC Capital: – command over economic resources (cash, assets, properties, investments, earnings, income,savings).
  58. 58. SOCIAL Capital: – resources based on group membership, relationships, networks of influence and support.
  59. 59. CULTURAL Capital: – forms of knowledge; skill; education; any advantages a person has which give them a higher status in society
  60. 60. non-monetary forms of exchange and power are equally significant • individuals can ‘choose’ but within existing social conventions, values and sanctions • Individuals do not create the world anew • behaviour is socially constrained • our social interactions are already influencedCONCLUSION by social predispositions, conventions, rules etc.
  61. 61. maistream policies concerned tomitigate the effects of socialexclusion PPAs projects, efficient and effective -subsidy programs and activities -scholarship that will protect, -sponsorship advance their rights -assistance -rights -policy marginalized/ minority -action plans groups
  62. 62. marginalized/ minority groups studentswomen single mothersyouth consumerurban poor farmersindigenous people lgbthandicappedimmigrants senior citizens religious minorities
  63. 63. ACCESS to opportunities are determined by yourto rest capitalsto rechargeto hold on or let go to realize your fullto forgive and forget potentialstake chances to consider alternativesto win to maximize options to uphold standard
  64. 64. ACCESS to opportunities are determined by yourto be relevant capitalsto be influentialto be important to persevereto commit to sustainto aspire to waitto choose
  65. 65. ACCESS to opportunities are determined by your capitals the level of compromise the degree of attempts,the number of efforts
  66. 66. ACCESS to opportunities are determined by your capitalsbegcompromisesettle entitled to calculated risks afford to explorebargain afford the costly mistakessellout effectively communicate
  67. 67. PreambleWe, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aidof Almighty God, in order to build a just andhumane society and establish a Government thatshall embody our ideals and aspirations, promotethe common good, conserve and develop ourpatrimony, and secure to ourselves and ourposterity the blessings of independence anddemocracy under the rule of law and a regime oftruth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, doordain and promulgate this Constitution.
  68. 68. PANATANG MAKABAYAN
  69. 69. Iniibig ko ang Pilipinas, aking lupang sinilanganTahanan ng aking lahi, kinukupkop ako at tinutulungangUpang maging malakas, masipag at marangalDahil mahal ko ang Pilipinas,Diringgin ko ang payo ng aking mga magulang,Susundin ko ang tuntunin ng paaralan,Tutuparin ko ang tungkulin ng isang mamamayangmakabayan,Naglilingkod, nag-aaral at nagdarasal nang buong katapatan.Iaalay ko ang aking buhay, pangarap, pagsisikapSa bansang Pilipinas.
  70. 70. THANK YOU!

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