T and H: Topic: Masculine and Feminine Sports Hypothesis: There is a higher chance of women athletes who play "masculine" sports because it is less frowned upon than a male playing a "feminine" sport.
Important Terms: Masculinity: Masculinity is conveyed as a sport that has physical contact, running, and is more physically demanding towards the athletes. Femininity: Feminine sports are conveyed as non-contact sports, and sports that include more “showier” attires. These sports usually derive from masculine sports or revolve around the male sport. Examples of Masculine Sports: Football, baseball, basketball Examples of Feminine Sports: Cheerleading, volleyball, softball
Related Research Findings& Background:
Billings, Angelini, and Duke 2010
More media time was given to male Olympic athletes than female Olympic athletes.
US female and male athletes received the same amounts of medals..
Alley and Hicks 2005
The more aggressive the sport is, the more masculine it is seen to adolescents.
There are stereotypes for masculine and feminine sports.
Females who play masculine sports are more masculine than females who play feminine sports. Same with males.
Title IX has helped females with monetary equality in school sports.
Survey: Convenient Sampling SurveyMonkey.com Gender: Male: 8 (50%) Female: 8 (50%) Age: 18-22 years old: 13 (81%) 23-27 years old: 1 (6.3%) 28-32 years old: 0 (0%) 33-37 years old: 0 (0%) 38+ years old: 2 (12.5%)
Results: This graph shows: 10 people believe culture has an influence on what classifies a feminine and masculine sport. 6 disagree there is any relation between culture and influence.
Confounding Variables: Not enough feedback from surveys. Generations may have an impact on acceptance of evolution within sports and genders. Culture and nationality differs between what is feminine and masculine.
Comparison to Related Studies Participants in my study agree that male sports receive more attention. There is a difference between male and female sports. Feminine sports are less harmful, while masculine sports are more physically inclined.
Conclusion Hypothesis was accepted. Stereotypes in sports do exist. More women play masculine sports than men play feminine sports. Both men and women don’t accept evolution with females and males participating in all sports.
Bibliography Billings, A., Angelini, J., & Duke, A. (2010). “Gendered Profiles of Olympic History: Sportscaster Dialogue in the 2008 Beijing Olympics.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media. Alley, T., Hicks, C. (2005). “Peer Attitudes Towards Adolescent Participants In Male- And Female-Oriented Sports.” Adolescence.
Kimmel, Michael. 2008. The Gendered Society, Third Edition. New York, New York. Oxford. PICTURES