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Figurative language in song
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  • 1. Figurative Language in SongsMrs McKnightLanguage Arts 9
  • 2. Figurative Language• Literal language is when we say exactly what we mean.• Figurative language is the opposite of literal language. There is more that what is on the surface.
  • 3. Why do we use figurative language?• Sometimes we use it to exaggerate so that we can get our point across. – Example: I have such a terrible headache, it feels like my head is going to explode!• Your head isn’t literally going to explode but your point is that this is a really terrible headache.
  • 4. Writers use Figurative Language• Writers use figurative language to express ideas in a vivid or imaginative way.• You need to figure out what they are trying to communicate.
  • 5. Figurative Language and Poetic Devices• Alliteration• Assonance• Allusions• Imagery• Simile• Metaphor• Hyperbole• Onomatopoeia• Personification• Rhyme• Rhythm• Repetition
  • 6. AlliterationAlliteration refers to the repetition of a particularsound in the first syllables of a series of words orphrases.Can you find the alliteration in this song? My life has been a ship sailing sea to sea My life has been completely set free Moments of ecstasy All I could hope it to be Now with her I’d like to share Show her how much I care
  • 7. Notice the words that all begin with“S” in sequence? That’s alliteration. My life has been a ship sailing sea to sea My life has been completely set free Moments of ecstasy All I could hope it to be Now with her I’d like to share Show her how much I care (Something about Her by Brad Paisley)
  • 8. RhymeA rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhymebetween lines of a poem or song.Can you figure out the rhyme scheme below? You would not believe your eyes If ten million fireflies Lit up the world as I fell asleep Cause theyd fill the open air And leave teardrops everywhere Youd think me rude But I would just stand and stare
  • 9. We usually use letters to indicate whichlines rhyme. In this case, the rhymescheme is: A-A-B-C-C-D-C You would not believe your eyes If ten million fireflies Lit up the world as I fell asleep Cause theyd fill the open air And leave teardrops everywhere Youd think me rude But I would just stand and stare (Fireflies by Owl City)
  • 10. RepetitionRepetition is when the poet repeatssounds, lines, phrases or words. It is usually foremphasis or to help you figure out key ideas.What is the repetition? Keep bleeding Keep, keep bleeding love I keep bleeding I keep, keep bleeding love Keep bleeding Keep, keep bleeding love You cut me open
  • 11. The repetition is pretty obvious in thissong, but it won’t always be so apparent. Keep bleeding Keep, keep bleeding love I keep bleeding I keep, keep bleeding love Keep bleeding Keep, keep bleeding love You cut me open (Bleeding Love by Leona Lewis)
  • 12. AssonanceAssonance is the repetition of vowel sounds.Can you find the vowel sound that is repeated? Moving on the floor now babe youre a bird of paradise. Cherry ice cream smile I suppose its very nice Her name is Rio and she dances on the sand. Just like that river twisting through a dusty land.
  • 13. Notice the short “a” sound—that is assonance. Moving on the floor now babe youre a bird of paradise. Cherry ice cream smile I suppose its very nice Her name is Rio and she dances on the sand. Just like that river twisting through a dusty land. (Rio by Duran Duran)
  • 14. AllusionA reference to a person, place, thing or eventfrom another literary work or real life that theaudience would be familiar with.Can you find the allusion in this song? For some reason I can’t explain I know Saint Peter won’t call my name Never an honest word But that was when I ruled the world
  • 15. The allusion is a reference to Saint Peter, anapostle of Jesus, who holds the keys to heaven.What do these lyrics mean when you are awareof this allusion? For some reason I can’t explain I know Saint Peter won’t call my name Never an honest word But that was when I ruled the world (Viva La Vida by Coldplay)
  • 16. SimileA simile compares two things using the words“like” or “as”.Can you find the similes in this song? You can take everything I have You can break everything I am Like Im made of glass Like Im made of paper Go on and try to tear me down I will be rising from the ground Like a skyscraper!
  • 17. The first two similes are saying she’s fragileby comparing her to glass and paper. Thefinal simile shows that she’s strong and canstand tall. You can take everything I have You can break everything I am Like Im made of glass Like Im made of paper Go on and try to tear me down I will be rising from the ground Like a skyscraper! (Skyscraper by Demi Lovato)
  • 18. MetaphorA metaphor is when you compare two things bysaying one IS the other.Can you find the metaphor? Lifes a dance you learn as you go Sometimes you lead, sometimes you follow Dont worry about what you dont know Lifes a dance you learn as you go
  • 19. The metaphor is right at the beginningof the stanza and the rest of the linesexplain how life is a dance. Lifes a dance you learn as you go Sometimes you lead, sometimes you follow Dont worry about what you dont know Lifes a dance you learn as you go (Life’s a Dance by John Michael Montgomery)
  • 20. HyperboleHyperbole is a big exaggeration.Can you find the hyperbole in the lyrics below? If I could fall Into the sky Do you think time Would pass me by Cause you know Id walk A thousand miles If I could Just see you Tonight
  • 21. It’s an exaggeration to say you’d walk 1000miles just to see someone. If I could fall Into the sky Do you think time Would pass me by Cause you know Id walk A thousand miles If I could Just see you Tonight (A Thousand Miles by Vanessa Carlton)
  • 22. OnomatopoeiaWords that imitate the sound suggested by it.Can you find the example of onomatopoeia? Shootin at the walls of heartache, bang, bang, I am the warrior Well I am the warrior, and heart to heart youll win… if you survive
  • 23. The word “bang” imitates the soundmade by the gun so it is onomatopoeia. Shootin at the walls of heartache, bang, bang, I am the warrior Well I am the warrior, and heart to heart youll win… if you survive (The Warrior by Scandal)
  • 24. PersonificationWhen human traits are given to non-human.Can you find the example of personification?Essential yet appealed, carry all your thoughts acrossAn open field,When flowers gaze at you... theyre not the only ones who cryWhen they see youShe said...You dont know me, you dont even care, oh yeah,She saidYou dont know me, and youont wear my chains... oh yeah
  • 25. Flowers can’t literally see you, so saying that they aregazing at you is personification. Essential yet appealed, carry all your thoughts across An open field, When flowers gaze at you... theyre not the only ones who cry When they see you She said... You dont know me, you dont even care, oh yeah, She said You dont know me, and you (Boston by Augustana)
  • 26. ImageryImagery is when the poet uses language that appeals tothe senses (sight, sound, touch, smell, taste).What imagery do you notice in this song? Picture yourself in a boat on a river With tangerine trees and marmalade skies Somebody calls you, you answer quite slowly A girl with kaleidoscope eyes
  • 27. Notice how a picture is painted inthese words. Picture yourself in a boat on a river With tangerine trees and marmalade skies Somebody calls you, you answer quite slowly A girl with kaleidoscope eyes (Lucy and the Sky of Diamonds by the Beatles)
  • 28. Next time you listen to yourfavorite songs, see if you canpick out some figures ofspeech and poetic devices!