What is a resolution?• A written statement expressing an opinion about an issue.• A way to outline a solution for a problem.• Solution first, resolution second
Why would you write a resolution?• To give a position and give recommendations• A way to express an opinion• Criticize or put pressure on specific groups (government bodies, nations)• Recommend that action be taken
Who writes a resolution• A specific organization or group of policymakers• A single country• A group of countriesthat share the same ideas on an issue
Format• One long sentence sparated by commas (,) and semi-colons );)• A period (.) only appears at the very END of the WHOLE RESOLUTION• 3 main parts:• Heading• Preamble• Operative clauses
The heading• A way to identify the resolution• Contains 3 things:• Where the resolution will be submitted• What the topic is• Who the author is• Format: On separate lines at the top left hand corner of the document.
Example Heading• Committee: General Assembly• Topic: Raising health standards throughout the world• Sponsor: Brazil
The Preamble• Describes why your resolution is important.• We can include:• U.N. Charter• Other resolutions• What the UN has said about issue• Other groups working on problem• Do research! This information comes from your Foreign Policy Report• Format: eAch phrase followed by a comma (,); Last clause followed by a colon (:)
Example of a preamble:• Taking into account that many people are living n poverty,• Noting with approval the steps taken by the General Assembly in dealing with this problem• Alarmed by the standard of living in many countries,• Seeking to increase health standards throughout the world:
Example of words for the preamble:• Acknowledging, alarmed by, appreciating, aware, concerned, keeping in mind, recognizing, taking nto consideration
Operative Clauses• Describe what action should be taken• They are reasonable solutions that the government can enforce• Format:• Begin each phrase with• End each with a semi-colon (;) and the last with a period• Number each phrase• Underline the operative
Examples of Operative Clauses• Calls upon member states to increase economic aid to countries with poor health standards;• Trusts that he Economic and Social council will address this issue accordingly• Invites the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to work on this problem;• Encourages the use of non-governmental organizations in solving this problem
Examples of words in operative clauses• Decides• Declares• Directs• Encourages• Recommends• Reminds• Requests• Suggests• Supports
Sample Resolution• The General Assembly,• Recognizing that China s a permanent member of the security council,• Taking into account that China has threatened war with Tawan• Urges the Nations of the world to consider sanctions against China;• Condems China usng live ammunition in its military exercises
How to Write a ResolutionDOS AND DON’TS OF RESOLUTIONWRITING
DO:• Write the correct names of the country and committee that you are in• Use many different sources to support your point• Looka tht he problem from different ponts of view• Present realistic solutions in your resolution• Represent your country and its actual foreign policy
DON’T• Use inappropriate abbreviations• Don’t use I when referring to yourself; say “we” or “the department of _”• Don’t make a resolution very long, but be specific when giving solutions
What is Diplomacy?• Conduct by government officials of negotiations and other relations between nations• The art or science of conducting such negotiations• Skill in managing negotiations, handling people etc., so that there is little or no ill will; tact: seating one’s dinner guest often calls for considerable diplomacy.
Why is Diplomacy Important?• It is important because: demonstrating courtesy is essential• Resolutions often address sensitive topics• Diplomacy can help you achiee what you want.