You NEED TO KNOW Fiction Non Fiction Protagonist Antagonist PLOT CONFLICT POINT OF VIEW SETTING CLIMAX RESOLUTION What these words mean. ERA CONTEMPORARY GENRE MORAL THEME MOTIVE Cause Effect Synonym Antonym
FIRST you should know that writing can be put into two categories based on what they have in common…
“Factual” or composed of real information. Is written about people, places, or events that take place in real life. Can be used for practical purposes. “Make Believe” or made-up stories. It did not really happen. Usually used for entertainment. Here are the categories. FICTION is writing that is.. NONFICTION is writing that is…
Novels and other books that are fun are FICTIONAL,Newspapers, which give information about the real world are NONFICTIONAL.Can you think of other examples?
Now then, literature in these two categories can be divided in to GENRES Genres are categories based on things that different writing has in common. Here are some examples: Novels Short Stories Fantasy Science Fiction Historical Mystery Thriller Crime
Genres are determined by how similar one PLOT might be to another…
Remember these PLOT Components?? Climax: the turning point, the most intense moment—either mentally or in action Rising Action: the series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax Falling Action: all of the action which follows the climax Exposition: the start of the story, the situation before the action starts Resolution: the conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads
The time and place of the story is the setting
Setting If you could talk about the where and when of a story, what you’re really talking about is the story’s setting. Understanding a story’s setting can help explain the rest of the plot.
The point of view is the perspective of the story. “I was framed! I just wanted to borrow a cup of sugar!” “That rotten wolf tried to eat us!!!!”
The people in the story are characters. Every story needs characters People Animals Or Creatures
The protagonist is the “good guy” or positive force.
The antagonist is the “bad guy” or negative force that gets in the good guy’s way.
Protagonists and antagonists have different MOTIVES for their actions. These differences CAUSE tension between characters. The EFFECT of this tension is a CONFLICT. Just like real people, characters have reasons for doing what they do.
Plot: Conflict Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.
Great stories have great conflicts. Man vs. Man Man vs. Nature Man vs. Society Man vs. Machine Man vs. Himself
The climax is the most exciting part! It is the turning point of the story.
After you read… Hopefully you will have learned something. What you learned is called a THEME. You will need to guess what the theme is from the title, point of view, setting, characters, and plot events. Stories often have many themes. A few stories have one specific theme called a MORAL.
Like in the Tortoise and the Hare: “Slow and steady wins the race.”