Social psychology assignment

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Social psychology assignment

  1. 1. Interpersonal Attraction SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING AND DESIGN FOUNDATION IN NATURAL AND BUILT ENVIRONMENTS GROUP MEMBERS: KIMBERLEY EE SZE ANN (0315319), KAWTHAR RASHID JEEWA (0314832) LEE YAUE SHEN (0315381), YUAN KHAI SHIEN (0314818), KELVIN NG (0315381), AYUNI NORDIN. SOCIAL PSYCOLOGY (PSYC0103) LECTURER: PANG CHIA YEE SUBMISSION DATE: 22ND JANUARY 2014
  2. 2. Interpersonal Attraction Running head: Interpersonal Attraction Interpersonal Attraction: Types of attraction (social attraction, physical attraction and task attraction) that influence a person when choosing a life partner. KIMBERLEY EE SZE ANN (0315319), KAWTHAR JEEWA (0314832) LEE YAUE SHEN (0315381), YUAN KHAI SHIEN (0314818), KELVIN NG (0315381). Group Research Assignment
  3. 3. Interpersonal Attraction Acknowledgement Firstly, we would like to express our sincere gratitude to our lecturer, Miss Chia Yee Pang for giving us the opportunity to carry out this assignment on the conduction of psychological research. We are grateful for all the support and guidance that you gave us in carrying out our research and investigation. Furthermore, we must give thanks to Taylor’s University for allowing us to conduct our research on campus premises. Lastly, we would like to thank all the participants involved in this study for their time and willingness to coorporate with us in completing our research assignment.
  4. 4. Interpersonal Attraction Table of Contents Acknowledgement……………………………………………………………………..…ii Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………iii ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………………2 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………...3 METHOD………………………………………………………………………………..4 Participants……………………………………………………………………….20 Materials /Apparatus……………………………………………………………..20 Procedure………………………………………………………………………...23 RESULTS………………………………………………………………………………..25 DISCUSSION………………………………………………………………………..30 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………………..55 APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………………...62 Appendix A: Questionnaire………………………………..……….62 Appendix B : Tabulated Scores of Participants………………………………..……….
  5. 5. Interpersonal Attraction Abstract This study examined the types of attraction (social attraction, physical attraction and task attraction) that influence a person when choosing a life partner. One hundred participants were given survey forms based on the Interpersonal Attraction Scale by McCroskey and McCain (1974) and asked to fill in the questions with respect to either a commited partner, a new/casual partner or an ideal partner. The purpose of the survey was to identify how the types of attraction (social attraction, physical attraction and task attraction) influence a person when choosing a life partner. The main hypotheses was that the majority of people would be greater influenced by physical attraction when choosing a life partner as proven by McCroskey and McCain (1974).
  6. 6. Interpersonal Attraction Interpersonal Attraction: Types of attraction (social attraction, physical attraction and task attraction) that influence a person when choosing a life partner.
  7. 7. Interpersonal Attraction Method Participants 100 university students participated in this study. The participants ranged from 13 to 17 years old to 33 years old and above. 57 of the participants were male while 43 were female. Following is a graph showing age and sex of participants involved in the survey: Graph Showing Age and Sex of Participants No. of Participants 60 50 40 30 Male 20 Female 10 0 13-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33 and above Age Materials / Apparatus Questionnaires were used to collect data from participants. The questionnaires were used to identify the participants general demographics (sex and age). Participants were then asked questions relating to the Interpersonal Attraction Scale by McCroskey and McCain (1974). They were asked to identify the type of individual they would be anwering the survey about (a commited partner, a new/casual partner, or an ideal partner).
  8. 8. Interpersonal Attraction Procedure Participants were informed that the study was to investigate the types of attraction (social attraction, physical attraction and task attraction) that influence a person when choosing a life partner. The purpose of the survey was clearly printed on the questionnaire while participants were verbally informed that they had the right to withdraw from the survey at any time. The participants were each handed a questionnaire and given some time to fill in the answers. The questionnaires were collected once participants were ready to hand them in.
  9. 9. Interpersonal Attraction Results Types of Attraction Desired by Females in a Committed Partner No of Participants Graph of Types of Attraction Desired by Females in a Committed Partner 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 Physical Attraction Social Attraction Task Attraction 13-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33 and above Age Nine female participants answered the questionnaire based on a committed partner. One female participant was aged 13-17 years old, six female participants were aged 18-22 years old, one female participant was aged 28-32 years old and one female participant was aged 33 and above. No participants from age group 23-27 answered the questionnaire based on a committed partner. One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 13-17 scored a committed partner highest in physical attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 13-17 would choose a committed partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction. Two out of six (33%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored a committed partner highest in physical attraction and four out of six (67%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored a committed partner highest in social attraction. This means that 33% of female participants aged 18-22 would choose a committed partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction and 67% of female participants aged 18-22 would choose a committed partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 28-32 scored a committed partner highest in social attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 28-32 would choose a committed partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction.
  10. 10. Interpersonal Attraction One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 33 and above scored a committed partner highest in physical attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 33 and above would choose a committed partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction. The highest type of attraction desired by female participants aged 13-17 and 33 and above in a committed partner was physical attraction while the highest type of attraction desired by female participants aged 18-22 and 28-32 was social attraction.
  11. 11. Interpersonal Attraction Types of Attraction Desired by Females in an Ideal Partner Graph of Types of Attraction Desired by Females in an Ideal Partner No of Participants 14 12 10 8 6 Physical Attraction 4 Social Attraction 2 Task Attraction 0 13-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33 and above Age 22 female participants answered the questionnaire based on an ideal partner. One female participant was aged 13-17 years old, 18 female participants were aged 18-22 years old, two female participants were aged 23-27 years old and one female participant was aged 33 and above. No participants from age group 28-32 answered the questionnaire based on an ideal partner. One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 13-17 scored an ideal partner highest in physical attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 13-17 would choose an ideal partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction. Three out of 18 (17%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored an ideal partner highest in physical attraction, 13 out of 18 (72%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored an ideal partner highest in social attraction and two out of 18 (11%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored an ideal partner highest in task attraction. This means that 17% of female participants aged 18-22 would choose an ideal partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction, 72% of female participants aged 18-22 would choose an ideal partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction and 11% of participants ages 18-22 would choose an ideal partner based on task attraction rather than physical or social attraction.
  12. 12. Interpersonal Attraction Two out of two (100%) of female participants aged 23-27 scored an ideal partner highest in social attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 23-27 would choose an ideal partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 33 and above scored an ideal partner highest in social attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 33 and above would choose an ideal partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. The highest type of attraction desired by female participants aged 13-17 in an ideal partner was physical attraction while the highest type of attraction desired by female participants aged 18-22, 23-27 and 33 and above in an ideal partner was social attraction.
  13. 13. Interpersonal Attraction Types of Attraction Desired by Females in a New/Casual Partner Graph of Types of Attraction Desired by Females in A New/Casual Partner No. of Participation 7 6 5 4 3 Physical Attraction 2 Social Attraction 1 Task Attraction 0 13-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33 and above Age 12 female participants answered the questionnaire based on a new/casual partner. One female participant was aged 13-17 years old, eight female participants were aged 18-22 years old, two female participants were aged 23-27 years old and one female participant was aged 33 and above. No participants from age group 28-32 answered the questionnaire based on a new/casual partner. One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 13-17 scored a new/casual partner highest in social attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 13-17 would choose a new/casual partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. Two out of eight (25%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored a new/casual partner highest in physical attraction and six out of eight (75%) of female participants aged 18-22 scored a new/casual partner highest in social attraction. This means that 25% of female participants aged 18-22 would choose a new/casual partner based on physical rather than social or task attraction and 75% of female participants would choose a new/casual partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. Two out of two (100%) of female participants aged 23-27 scored a new/casual partner highest in social attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 23-27 would choose a new/casual partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction.
  14. 14. Interpersonal Attraction One out of one (100%) of female participants aged 33 and above scored a new/casual partner highest in social attraction. This means that 100% of female participants aged 33 and above would choose a new/casual partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. The highest type of attraction desired by female participants aged 13-17, 18-22, 23-27 and 33 and above in a new/casual partner was social attraction.
  15. 15. Interpersonal Attraction Types of Attraction Desired by Males in a Committed Partner Graph of Types of Attraction Desired by Males in a Committed Partner No. of Participants 14 12 10 8 6 Physical Attraction 4 Social Attraction 2 Task Attraction 0 13-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33 and above Age 21 male participants answered the questionnaire based on a committed partner. One male participant was aged 13-17 years old, 19 male participants were aged 18-22 years old and two male participants were aged 28-32 years old. No participants from age groups 23-27 and 33 and above answered the questionnaire based on a committed partner. One out of one (100%) of male participants aged 13-17 scored a committed partner highest in physical attraction. This means that these participants would choose a committed partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction. 12 out of 19 (63%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored a committed partner highest in physical attraction. 6 out of 19 (32%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored a committed partner highest in social attraction. 1 out of 19 (5%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored a committed partner highest in task attraction. This means that 63% of male participants aged 1822 would choose a committed partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction, 32% of male participants aged 18-22 would choose a committed partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction and 5% of male participants aged 28-32 would choose a committed partner based on task attraction rather than physical or social attraction.
  16. 16. Interpersonal Attraction One out of one male (100%) participants aged 28-32 scored a committed partner highest in social attraction. This means that these participants would choose a committed partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. The highest type of attraction desired by male participants aged 13-17 in a committed partner was physical attraction while the highest type of attraction desired by male participants aged 1822 in their ideal partner was also physical attraction. The highest type of attraction desired by males aged 28-32 was social attraction.
  17. 17. Interpersonal Attraction Types of Attraction Desired by Males in an Ideal Partner Graph of Types of Attraction Desired by Males an Ideal Partner No. of participants 14 12 10 8 6 Physical Attraction 4 Social Attraction 2 Task Attraction 0 13-17 18-22 23-27 28-32 33 and above Age 27 male participants answered the questionnaire based on their ideal partner. One male participant was aged 13-17 years old while 26 male participants were aged 18-22 years old. No participants from age groups 23-27, 28-32 and 33 and above answered the questionnaire based on an ideal partner. One out of one (100%) of male participants aged 13-17 scored their ideal partner highest in social attraction. This means that these participants would choose an ideal partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. 11 out of 26 (42%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored their ideal partner highest in physical attraction. 13 out of 26 (50%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored their ideal partner highest in social attraction. Two out of 26 (8%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored their ideal partner highest in task attraction. This means that 42% of male participants aged 18-22 would choose an ideal partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction, 50% of participants aged 18-22 would choose an ideal partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction and 8% of participants aged 18-22 would choose an ideal partner based on task attraction rather than physical or social attraction.
  18. 18. Interpersonal Attraction The highest type of attraction desired by male participants aged 13-17 in their ideal partner was social attraction while the highest type of attraction desired by male participants aged 18-22 in their ideal partner was also social attraction.
  19. 19. Interpersonal Attraction Types of Attraction Desired by Males in a New/Casual Partner Graph of Types of Attraction Desired by Males in a New/Casual Partner No. of participants 3.5 3 2.5 2 Physical Attraction 1.5 Social Attraction 1 Task Attraction 0.5 0 13-17 18-22 23-27 Age 28-32 33 and above Nine male participants answered the questionnaire based on a new/casual partner. Six male participants were aged 18-22 years old, two male participants were aged 23-27 years old and one male participant was aged 28-32 years old. No participants from age groups 13-17 and 33 and above answered the questionnaire based on a new/casual partner. Three out of six (50%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored a new/casual partner highest in physical attraction and three out of six (50%) of male participants aged 18-22 scored a new/casual partner highest in social attraction. This means that 50% of male participants aged 18-22 would choose a new/casual partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction and another 50% of male participants aged 18-22 would choose a new/casual partner based on social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. Two out of two (100%) of male participants aged 23-27 scored a new/casual partner highest in physical attraction. This means that 100% of male participants aged 23-27 would choose a new/casual partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction. One out of one (100%) of male participants aged 28-32 scored a new/casual partner highest in physical attraction. This means that 100% of male participants aged 28-32 would choose a new/casual partner based on physical attraction rather than social or task attraction.
  20. 20. Interpersonal Attraction Participants aged 13-17 had an equal desire of physical and social attraction in a new/casual partner. The highest type of attraction desired by male participants aged 23-27 in a new/casual partner was physical attraction while the highest type of attraction desired by male participants aged 28-32 in a new/casual was also physical attraction.
  21. 21. Interpersonal Attraction Disscussion Analysis of Female Participants In the case of new/casual partners, females of all age groups involved in the study seemed more inclined to feel an attraction to partners that were socially compatible to themselves. Indeed, 83.3% of all females in the study were drawn to social attraction. Similarly, in ideal partner’s of females, it was recorded that a vast majority of the females in the study (a startling 72.7%) preferred their ideal partner to posses some degree of social attraction rather than physical or task attraction. Finally, in the case of committed relationships, females seemed to weigh physical attraction of some value as well, as 44.4% were recorded to find it the most important draw to their respective partner. However, more females still felt that social attraction was the most important type of attraction. In closing, females mostly seem to value social attraction above all else and while physical attraction is seen to be of some importance, it seems that task attraction is an almost negligible factor. Analysis of Male Participants In the case of new/casual partners, the participants of younger age groups seemed to come to a standstill as they viewed both physical and social attraction equally important in respective partners. However, among all the males involved in the study (especially participants from older age groups), the majority found that physical attraction was the most important of the types of attractions considered. In the case of ideal partners, males seemed to value social attraction above all else evident by the fact that more than half the male participants (51.9%) were attracted to partners socially on parr with them.
  22. 22. Interpersonal Attraction Lastly, the findings revealed that in committed partners, most males valued physical attraction more (62%) although the older age group seemed torn between physical and social attraction. In closing, it is found that males are more inclined to be attracted to a partner they find physically attractive (63.6%) and that social attraction plays second fiddle in the case of male participants. Again task attraction is an almost negligible factor. Overall Analysis for Male and Female participants In conclusion, we can observe that females are shown to place more value in social attraction (67.4%) while males tended to value physical attraction more (51%). Final Conclusion As for participants in general the highest valued attraction was social attraction (55.5%), followed by physical attraction (51%) and task attraction (5%). The hypotheses that the majority of people would be greater influenced by physical attraction when choosing a life partner as proven by McCroskey and McCain (1974) is not supppported. The reason for this is because the original surveys carried out by McCroskey and McCain (1974) were carried out in Western countries. This survey was however carried out in Malaysia and thus yielded different results. Some of the reasons for this are that that Asian people have different views then Westerners. For example, Asians emphasize the group as a primary whereas Westerners put the individual ahead of the group (Psychologytoday.com, 2014). Therefore it could be that Asians prefer social partners that would be more suitable for group interaction and to them this is may be much more important than physical features. Furthermore, when compared to Asians, Westerners tend to focus on central objects more than on their surroundings (Goldberg, 2014), this could very well be the reason why Westerners find physical attraction to be more important than social attraction as they are more concerned with the imeadiate characteristics (physical appearance) than the long term characteristics (sociability).
  23. 23. Interpersonal Attraction References 1. Goldberg, C. (2014). Differences between east and west discovered in people’s brain activity the tech. [online] Retrieved from: http://tech.mit.edu/V128/N9/culture.html [Accessed: 21 Jan 2014]. 2. Jamescmccroskey.com. (2014). Feelings about communicating with others. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.jamescmccroskey.com/measures/attraction_interpersonal.htm [Accessed: 21 Jan 2014]. 3. Jamescmccroskey.com. (2014). [online] Retrieved from: http://www.jamescmccroskey.com/publications/057.pdf [Accessed: 21 Jan 2014]. 4. Midss.org. (2014). Measures of interpersonal attraction | measurement instrument database for the social sciences. [online] Retrieved from: http://www.midss.org/content/measuresinterpersonal-attraction [Accessed: 21 Jan 2014]. 5. Psychologytoday.com. (2014). Is there a difference between psyches east and west? [online] Retrieved from: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/am-i-right/201304/is-theredifference-between-psyches-east-and-west [Accessed: 21 Jan 2014].
  24. 24. Interpersonal Attraction Appendix A Interpersonal Attraction This survey is based on the Interpersonal Attraction Scale by McCroskey and McCain (1974). The purpose of this survey is to identify the type of attraction (social attraction, physical attraction or task attraction) that influences a person when choosing a life partner. Please complete the survey by marking the most suitable answer for each question. 1. What is your gender? a) Female b) Male 2. What is your age? a) 13-17 b) 18-22 c) 23-27 d) 28-32 e) 33 and above
  25. 25. Interpersonal Attraction 3. What type of individual are you completing this test about? a) A committed partner b) A new/casual partner c) Your ideal partner Use the following scale and write one number before each statement to indicate your feelings. Strongly Moderately Slightly agree agree agree 7 6 5 Undecided Moderately Strongly disagree 4 Slightly disagree disagree 3 2 1 ______ 1. He (she) is a typical goof-off when assigned a job to do. ______ 2. It would be difficult to meet and talk with him (her). ______ 3. We could never establish a personal friendship with each other. ______ 4. He (she) is somewhat ugly. ______ 5. I think he (she) could be a friend of mine. ______ 6. I would like to have a friendly chat with him (her). ______ 7. I think he (she) is quite handsome (pretty). ______ 8. He (she) would be a poor problem solver. ______ 9. I find him (her) very attractive physically. ______ 10.I don't like the way he (she) looks. ______ 11.He (she) just wouldn't fit into my circle of friends. ______ 12.He (she) is very sexy looking.
  26. 26. Interpersonal Attraction ______ 13.I have confidence in his (her) ability to get the job done. ______ 14.If I wanted to get things done, I could probably depend on him (her). ______ 15.I couldn't get anything accomplished with him (her). ----END OF SURVEY ---THANK YOU FOR YOUR PARTICIPATION!
  27. 27. Interpersonal Attraction Appendix B Scores of Participants Based on Interpersonal Attraction Scale by McCroskey and McCain (1974) No. Sex 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Type of Individual (Partner) Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual Age Physical Attraction Social Attraction Task Attraction 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 13-17 18-22 23-27 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 23-27 28-32 18-22 18-22 30 29 28 29 24 21 30 21 26 26 29 30 20 20 23 25 27 29 36 28 20 27 25 22 23 27 21 26 18 26 27 25 29 23 26 23 29 27 31 30 32 25 24 24 28 22 35 28 27 30 24 24 23 34 29 35 19 27 23 28 24 29 18 14 24 24 31 21 28 14 29 18 20 17 26 22 22 20 23 19 25 21 18 11 20 25 22 19 19 19 21 23 19 30 19 23 21 31 22 19 18 19 23 23 21 20 25 22
  28. 28. Interpersonal Attraction 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Male Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal Ideal New/Casual 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 13-17 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 28-32 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 23-27 18-22 33 and above 18-22 18-22 18-22 23-27 18-22 13-17 18-22 27 28 29 26 24 26 22 27 26 23 28 28 26 18 24 16 29 29 25 27 16 27 26 19 15 29 21 28 28 29 24 23 21 16 21 26 24 23 27 22 29 31 29 18 21 25 21 26 29 25 22 21 28 27 35 22 25 19 33 25 22 22 24 22 29 35 23 30 27 31 21 34 24 32 16 23 17 17 26 17 20 20 20 20 23 21 23 17 19 19 20 16 12 24 22 19 28 18 19 22 24 17 22 26 18 22 17 18 18 19 16 22 29 29 24 29 31 15 34 31 33 31 15 22 22 18 20 18 21 18 20 20
  29. 29. Interpersonal Attraction 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual New/Casual 92 Female Committed 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Female Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed Committed 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 23-27 23-27 13-17 18-22 33 and above 33 and above 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 18-22 28-32 18-22 13-17 20 20 14 22 23 28 24 17 23 22 20 23 25 23 20 19 29 28 19 26 25 22 19 18 20 17 18 18 14 15 20 24 17 26 23 25 10 21 35 22 23 19 24 29 27 27 34 27 33 28 21 26 17 20 13 19 19 17 20 25

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