SI = "the nation's attic; ” nineteen museums, nine research centers, and zoo. funding comes from the Institution's own endowment, private and corporate contributions, membership dues, government support, and retail, concession and licensing revenues. (wikipedia)Process is complex, expensive. Digitization has been slow due to cost and person-power needed.Didn’t even think of SI as a resource for my SI-printed book due to complications in getting SI images.
Europeana, Europe’s digital library effort launched by the European Commission funded by EU, member countries and cultural institutionsThe Milkmaid’, one of Johannes Vermeer's most famous pieces, depicts a scene of a woman quietly pouring milk into a bowl. During a survey the Rijksmuseum discovered that there were over 10,000 copies of the image on the internet—mostly poor, yellowish reproductions1. As a result of all of these low-quality copies on the web, according to the Rijksmuseum, “people simply didn’t believe the postcards in our museum shop were showing the original painting. This was the trigger for us to put high-resolution images of the original work with open metadata on the web ourselves. Opening up our data is our best defence against the ‘yellow Milkmaid’.” Linux and open source software model: http://bit.ly/u48nmc Cooper Hewitt SI National Design museum. Tombstone data only so far.
NASA images are completely freely available to use – not their logo of course – once the year mark has passed on the propietary data for the PI, or once it has been released through official channels.
Opening the Shell to Find Some Pearls Policies in Materials Access -K.Arcand
Restricted Use• Monetizing resources - practicality (labor and resource intensive); low-margin (small $, small audience)• http://www.sil.si.edu/imagegalaxy/imageGalaxy_UseFees.cfm• http://www.sil.si.edu/imagegalaxy/PDF/ImageUseFeeCurrent.pdf
Open Metadata• Europeana, Cooper Hewitt: "CC-0" (raw data is free to use, re-use, and build upon for any purpose whatsoever, without restrictions or fees; not all images though)• http://pro.europeana.eu/documents/858566/2cbf1f78-e036-4088-af25-94684ff90dc5• http://www.cooperhewitt.org/collections/data
Public Domain• NASA images are public domain (once “released” either by 1year rule or by pub affairs); Flickr Commons showcases public domain efforts of SI, Library of Congress and many other institutions. See also, Wikimedia commons.• http://www.nasa.gov/audience/formedia/features/MP_Photo_Guidelines.html• http://www.flickr.com/commons
• Can open access help content "flow through the Internet, where it can be used and re-used on the sites that people visit every day." http://www.si.edu/commons/prototype/story4/story4.html• Questions: – “Democratization” (too tidy of a term perhaps….) – Questions of Authenticity and Authority – Leadership ("Importance of public institutions in stimulating innovation and knowledge creation") http://smithsonian-webstrategy.wikispaces.com/The+Smithsonian+Commons+--+A+Place+to+Begin – Increased opportunities for learning & research