Chinese Dynasties 600 1450

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  • Women were homemakers and mothers
    Confined and limited in rights
    Men could “roam” as the please and have relationships
    Footbinding became common
    Eventually, Wang Anshi introduced sweeping reforms in the 11th century to attempt to change how society was functioning
    Introduced Legalist principles
    1085 – dies and reforms are reversed and neo-Confucianism brought back
     
    Eventually, Song dynasty would be conquered by the Mongols
  • Chinese Dynasties 600 1450

    1. 1. Chinese Dynasties of Unit 2 Unit 2: 600CE - 1450CE
    2. 2. Chinese DynastiesChinese Dynasties SuiSui TangTang SongSong
    3. 3. Chinese DynastiesChinese Dynasties From beginning to end…From beginning to end…  Xia Dynasty 1994 BCE - 1766 BCEXia Dynasty 1994 BCE - 1766 BCE  Shang Dynasty 1766 BCE - 1027 BCEShang Dynasty 1766 BCE - 1027 BCE  Zhou Dynasty 1122 BCE -256 BCEZhou Dynasty 1122 BCE -256 BCE  Qin Dynasty 221 BCE - 206 BCEQin Dynasty 221 BCE - 206 BCE  Early Han Dynasty 206 BCE - 9 ADEarly Han Dynasty 206 BCE - 9 AD  Xin Dynasty 9 AD - 24 ADXin Dynasty 9 AD - 24 AD  Later Han Dynasty 25 AD - 220 ADLater Han Dynasty 25 AD - 220 AD  Three Kingdoms - Period of Disunion 220 AD - 280 ADThree Kingdoms - Period of Disunion 220 AD - 280 AD  Sui Dynasty 589 AD - 618 ADSui Dynasty 589 AD - 618 AD  Tang Dynasty 618 AD - 907 ADTang Dynasty 618 AD - 907 AD  Sung Dynasty 969 AD - 1279 ADSung Dynasty 969 AD - 1279 AD  Yuan Dyansty 1279 AD - 1368 ADYuan Dyansty 1279 AD - 1368 AD  Ming Dynasty 1368 AD - 1644 ADMing Dynasty 1368 AD - 1644 AD  Manchu or Qing Dynasty 1644 AD - 1912 ADManchu or Qing Dynasty 1644 AD - 1912 AD
    4. 4. Let’s Sing!Let’s Sing! Shang, Zhou, Qin, HanShang, Zhou, Qin, Han Shang, Zhou, Qin, HanShang, Zhou, Qin, Han Sui, Tang, SongSui, Tang, Song Sui, Tang, SongSui, Tang, Song Yuan, Ming, Qing, RepublicYuan, Ming, Qing, Republic Yuan, Ming, Qing, RepublicYuan, Ming, Qing, Republic Mao Zedong, Mao ZedongMao Zedong, Mao Zedong
    5. 5. Post-Han ChinaPost-Han China  Period of the Six Dynasties (220-589CE)Period of the Six Dynasties (220-589CE) – Bureaucracy collapsedBureaucracy collapsed – Buddhism gained strength, replacingBuddhism gained strength, replacing ConfucianismConfucianism – Non-Chinese nomads rule much ChineseNon-Chinese nomads rule much Chinese territoryterritory
    6. 6. Sui Dynasty (589-618CE)Sui Dynasty (589-618CE)  Established byEstablished by WendiWendi – Lowered taxesLowered taxes – EstablishedEstablished granaries – stable,granaries – stable, cheap food supplycheap food supply http://www.crystalinks.com/chinadynasties.html
    7. 7. Sui Dynasty (589-618CE)Sui Dynasty (589-618CE)  Yangdi replaced his father, WendiYangdi replaced his father, Wendi – Brought scholar-gentry back into theBrought scholar-gentry back into the administrationadministration – Expensive constructionExpensive construction  New capital at LoyangNew capital at Loyang  Canals to link the empireCanals to link the empire – Failed to conquer Korea and then defeatedFailed to conquer Korea and then defeated by Turkic nomads, led to widespreadby Turkic nomads, led to widespread revoltsrevolts – Assassinated in 618CEAssassinated in 618CE
    8. 8. Tang Dynasty (618-907CE)Tang Dynasty (618-907CE)  Li Yuan won controlLi Yuan won control of Chinaof China  Tang armies extendTang armies extend to Afghanistan,to Afghanistan, dominating nomadsdominating nomads on boarderson boarders – Used Turkic nomads inUsed Turkic nomads in military, assimilate intomilitary, assimilate into Chinese cultureChinese culture – Great Wall is repairedGreat Wall is repaired http://www.crystalinks.com/chinadynasties.html
    9. 9. Tang Dynasty (618-907CE)Tang Dynasty (618-907CE)  Rebuilt BureaucracyRebuilt Bureaucracy – Confucian ideology restoredConfucian ideology restored – Political authority shared by imperial familiesPolitical authority shared by imperial families and scholar-gentry bureaucratsand scholar-gentry bureaucrats – Examination SystemExamination System  Training in Confucian classics and ChineseTraining in Confucian classics and Chinese literatureliterature  Some commoners could rise to high levels, but stillSome commoners could rise to high levels, but still dominated by prominent familiesdominated by prominent families
    10. 10. Tang Dynasty (618-907CE)Tang Dynasty (618-907CE)  ReligionReligion – Confucians and Daoists opposed Buddhist growthConfucians and Daoists opposed Buddhist growth  Open persecution – monasteries destroyed, taxationOpen persecution – monasteries destroyed, taxation  Confucianism re-emerged as central Chinese ideologyConfucianism re-emerged as central Chinese ideology  Decline of the TangDecline of the Tang – Weak leadershipWeak leadership – Nomadic frontier peoples and regional governors gainNomadic frontier peoples and regional governors gain influenceinfluence – Worsening economic conditions lead to revoltsWorsening economic conditions lead to revolts
    11. 11. Song Dynasty (969-Song Dynasty (969- 1279CE)1279CE)  Taizu reunited China under the SongTaizu reunited China under the Song – Failed to defeat border nomads – sets legacyFailed to defeat border nomads – sets legacy of weaknessof weakness  PoliticsPolitics – Not as strong politically or militarily as theNot as strong politically or militarily as the TangTang – Strong support of Confucian valuesStrong support of Confucian values  Neo-Confucianism – emphasis on high morality,Neo-Confucianism – emphasis on high morality, hostility to foreign influence, stress on traditionhostility to foreign influence, stress on tradition (stifled innovation), authority of men(stifled innovation), authority of men
    12. 12. Song Dynasty (969-Song Dynasty (969- 1279CE)1279CE)  DeclineDecline – Nomads on the bordersNomads on the borders – Neo-Confucianism weakens the militaryNeo-Confucianism weakens the military – Poor leadershipPoor leadership – Mongols – eventually invade Song ChinaMongols – eventually invade Song China
    13. 13. Legacies – Tang and SongLegacies – Tang and Song  Grand Canal – under Yangdi (Sui) and other canals continueGrand Canal – under Yangdi (Sui) and other canals continue  Commercial Expansion – Silk Road, maritime trade,Commercial Expansion – Silk Road, maritime trade, increased urban centersincreased urban centers  Agricultural Production – continued to increaseAgricultural Production – continued to increase  Family – male-dominated households continue and increaseFamily – male-dominated households continue and increase with Song (note foot-binding), Neo-Confucianism contributedwith Song (note foot-binding), Neo-Confucianism contributed to deterioration of status of womento deterioration of status of women  Technology – tools, weapons, paper money, compass,Technology – tools, weapons, paper money, compass, paper, printingpaper, printing  Art – artwork, poetry (Li Bo) – celebrating the natural worldArt – artwork, poetry (Li Bo) – celebrating the natural world  Bureaucracy was re-establishedBureaucracy was re-established
    14. 14. Women vs. Men:Women vs. Men: Confucianism and Neo-ConfucianismConfucianism and Neo-Confucianism  Roles of women and menRoles of women and men  Foot bindingFoot binding  Wang Anshi’s reforms of the 11Wang Anshi’s reforms of the 11thth CenturyCentury – 1085 – Wang dies1085 – Wang dies – Reforms are reversed in Song DynastyReforms are reversed in Song Dynasty

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