Mind Stretcher - Friday <ul><li>What are the two types of prokaryotic cells?  </li></ul><ul><li>Which is larger: prokaryot...
Discovering the Cell Standard S7L2b:   Relate cells structures (cell membranes, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, mitochon...
Did You Know? <ul><li>We are made up of microscopic living things called:  CELLS </li></ul><ul><li>There are Approximately...
The Parts <ul><li>Cells are made up of Different Parts!  </li></ul><ul><li>Each Part has a Specific Function! </li></ul><u...
Cell Membrane <ul><li>A protective barrier that encloses a cell.  </li></ul><ul><li>Separates the cells contents from the ...
Cytoplasm <ul><li>Gel-like fluid found all throughout the cell.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like  Jell-O </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
The Nucleus <ul><li>DNA (our genes) Found here! </li></ul><ul><li>Acts like  the Brain ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directs all...
Nucleolus <ul><li>Found  INSIDE  the  Nucleus !  </li></ul>
Mitochondria <ul><li>Powerplant  of the Cell </li></ul><ul><li>Break down  Sugar  to Produce all  Energy ! </li></ul><ul><...
Where is Mitochondria??
Ribosomes <ul><li>Makes protein out of amino acid. All cells need protein to function.  </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosomes are li...
Where are Ribosomes?
Endoplasmic Reticulum <ul><li>Carry Proteins and other cell materials from one part of cell to another!  </li></ul><ul><li...
Where is the: <ul><li>Rough E.R.?  </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth E.R? </li></ul>
Golgi Bodies : <ul><li>A.K.A  Golgi Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Recieves  Proteins (mail) from the E.R.  </li></ul><ul><li...
Where are Golgi Bodies???
Vacuoles <ul><li>Stores food and water </li></ul><ul><li>Large Vacuoles are found in  Plant cells.  </li></ul><ul><li>Like...
Where is the Vacuole?  Some Animal Cells have Vacuoles while Others Don’t!!
Lysosomes <ul><li>Break down  old cell parts!  </li></ul><ul><li>Release them for  recycling   </li></ul><ul><li>Like the ...
Recap: <ul><li>Plant and Animal Cells are Made of Parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Each Part has a Function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Chloroplast <ul><li>Plant Cell  Only !! </li></ul><ul><li>Makes food for the cell.  </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll  traps t...
Cell Wall <ul><li>Plant Cell  Only! </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid, cellulose  structure that gives  support  to a cell. </li></u...
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Animal/Plant cell

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Animal/Plant cell

  1. 1. Mind Stretcher - Friday <ul><li>What are the two types of prokaryotic cells? </li></ul><ul><li>Which is larger: prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells? </li></ul><ul><li>Which type of cell has membrane bound organelles? </li></ul><ul><li>What type of cells make up the human body? </li></ul>Archea and Bacteria Eukaryotic Eukaryotic
  2. 2. Discovering the Cell Standard S7L2b: Relate cells structures (cell membranes, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, mitochondria) to basic cell functions
  3. 3. Did You Know? <ul><li>We are made up of microscopic living things called: CELLS </li></ul><ul><li>There are Approximately 100 TRILLION cells in the Human Body. </li></ul>100 Trillion
  4. 4. The Parts <ul><li>Cells are made up of Different Parts! </li></ul><ul><li>Each Part has a Specific Function! </li></ul><ul><li>The Parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitochondria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cytoplasm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endoplasmic Reticulum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ribosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Golgi Bodies (Apparatus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vacuoles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lysosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell Membrane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell Wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chloroplast </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Cell Membrane <ul><li>A protective barrier that encloses a cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Separates the cells contents from the cells environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Membrane is like a Fence . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cytoplasm <ul><li>Gel-like fluid found all throughout the cell. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Like Jell-O </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constantly Moving (Swishing around) </li></ul><ul><li>All Other Parts are Suspended in Cytoplasm! </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Nucleus <ul><li>DNA (our genes) Found here! </li></ul><ul><li>Acts like the Brain ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directs all of the cell’s activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. tells all the other parts what to do! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Houses Nucleolus </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nucleolus <ul><li>Found INSIDE the Nucleus ! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mitochondria <ul><li>Powerplant of the Cell </li></ul><ul><li>Break down Sugar to Produce all Energy ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the form of ATP </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Where is Mitochondria??
  11. 11. Ribosomes <ul><li>Makes protein out of amino acid. All cells need protein to function. </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosomes are like a Protein Factory ! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Where are Ribosomes?
  13. 13. Endoplasmic Reticulum <ul><li>Carry Proteins and other cell materials from one part of cell to another! </li></ul><ul><li>Two Types: Smooth and Rough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough E.R. has Ribosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth E.R. does NOT have Ribosomes! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Like Roadways ! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Where is the: <ul><li>Rough E.R.? </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth E.R? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Golgi Bodies : <ul><li>A.K.A Golgi Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Recieves Proteins (mail) from the E.R. </li></ul><ul><li>Packages them (puts it in envelope) </li></ul><ul><li>Distributes them to other parts of cell (Mailman) </li></ul><ul><li>Like Postoffice </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where are Golgi Bodies???
  17. 17. Vacuoles <ul><li>Stores food and water </li></ul><ul><li>Large Vacuoles are found in Plant cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Like a Storage Container </li></ul>
  18. 18. Where is the Vacuole? Some Animal Cells have Vacuoles while Others Don’t!!
  19. 19. Lysosomes <ul><li>Break down old cell parts! </li></ul><ul><li>Release them for recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Like the Janitors of the Cell </li></ul>
  20. 20. Recap: <ul><li>Plant and Animal Cells are Made of Parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Each Part has a Function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cytoplasm? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surrounds and Constantly Moves Organelles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nucleus? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitochondria? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Powerplant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endoplasmic Reticulum? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roadways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ribosomes? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protein Factories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Golgi Bodies? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post Office </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vacuoles? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food Storage Containers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lysosomes? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Janitors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Chloroplast <ul><li>Plant Cell Only !! </li></ul><ul><li>Makes food for the cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll traps the sunlight needed to perform photosynthesis and gives plants their green color. </li></ul><ul><li>Like a Restaurant! </li></ul>
  22. 22. Cell Wall <ul><li>Plant Cell Only! </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid, cellulose structure that gives support to a cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Although made of different materials algae, fungi, bacteria , and archaea also have cell walls. </li></ul><ul><li>Like a wall! </li></ul>

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