Crowd-sourcing datato track and surveyactivities and developmentof nature protection areas.
Done so far Meeting with my partner in Berlin Expert interviews about monitoring & caretaker networks Reﬁned & narrowed down project focus Figured out main stakeholders Preliminary framework & blueprint of the service Contacted interview partners Tons of reading...
National Parks - 0,54 % Natural reserves - 3,6 % Protected landscapes - 28,5 % All data refers to terrestrial sites only. Source: Federal Agency for Nature ConservationI want to start with a quick wrap-up of my project, to give you some basic insights what i am doing this for...There are different protection area programmes in GermanyThey cover the land to different extents - In general one can say, the stronger the protection, the less area isprotected. For instance, in a national park, at least 75% needs to be left untouched by humans, where in aprotected landscape, construction is allowed to a certain degree...As you can see, real protection does only exist for a very small part in Germany...That situation is similar in manyother european countries: Sweden, which was the ﬁrst European Country that designated National Parks in 1909,today has 29 National Parks, that cover 1,64 % of the country. Together with the swedish natural reserves, around12% are protected, at least...
Important Bird Areas (IBA) - 22,2 % Special Protection Areas (SPA) - 16,8 % Areas of Special Community Interest (SCI) - 15,3 % All data refers to terrestrial sites only. Source: European Commission, BirdLife InternationalDuring the last decades, the European commission created a network of protected areas in all over Europe (calledNatura 2000), that covers way more land in Germany and is established in European law (The so called „Birds-Directive“ and „Habitats Directive“ . So, the network consists of two different kinds of areas, sites based on bird-protection, and sites based on the protection of other animals and plants.
Important Bird Areas (IBA) - 22,2 % Special Protection Areas (SPA) - 16,8 % Areas of Special Community Interest (SCI) - 15,3 % All data refers to terrestrial sites only. Source: European Commission, BirdLife InternationalEven before that, international Non-government organizations like BirdLife already established protection areaprograms, like the IBA program.And as those NGO programs already provided very detailed data, the protection critera served as a template forthe Natura 2000 programs.
STATE Quantity and Quality PRESSURE RESPONSE Threats ActionsTo successfully protect the sites, there is a need to monitor three different things:1. The status of the sites. Thats basically counting the specimen of all protected species in the site, mostimportantly the ones who are responsible for the area to be protected.2. The factors that could threaten the site, for example construction, farming, logging or pollution...3. The actions taken to protect the site, for example the removal of a drainage...
STATE Quantity and Quality PRESSURE RESPONSE Threats ActionsAs a matter of law, the government (In Germany thats the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation) is responsibleto collect the data about the STATE of a site.The problem is: That‘s all.They don‘t really care about changes. If they count 5 pairs of a certain bird this year, that‘s ﬁne for them, nomatter if there were 50 pairs two years earlier.That‘s why NGO‘s need to take care of that. They collect data on threats (PRESSURE) and on what is done to avertthem (RESPONSE)
79.096,14 km² 40 211.44 km² 540 IBA 33 402.66 km² 737 SPA 4 605 SCI All data refers to terrestrial sites only. Source: European Commission, BirdLife InternationalThis is how the natural protection areas overlap in Germany. As a reminder, SPA and SCI are areas protected byEU law.As you see, the IBA network covers the biggest area, but is less scattered, as it‘s number of sites is lower.
65% of all IBA‘s are also designated as SPA‘s, thus they are protected by EU law. 65%65% of all IBA‘s are also designated as SPA‘s, thus they are protected by EU law.The priority for my project is on those areas. The aim is, to apply my projects outcome on those sites ﬁrst, andlater extend it to other protection area programmes.
In 2014, NABU will have a network of caretakers that collect data on threats (PRESSURE) and taken actions (RESPONSE) in those sites. Source: GIS data from NABU, SPA and IBA sites in GermanyUntil 2014 BirdLife, and it‘s national partner, NABU, will establish a network of caretakers to get a clear pictureabout what is going on in the protected areas.Those caretakers are in the ﬁeld regularly and collect data about pressure and response...
The caretakers provide annual reports to the federal NABU oﬃce in Berlin.The caretakers will create a report with the help of the collected data once a year,and submit it to the NABU headquarters in Berlin
Every second/fourth/sixth year the NABU reports to the EU commission, using the data collected by the caretakers.The data collected by the caretakers will be used for different reports the NABU sends regulary to the EUcommission in Brussels.
The European commission can use the reports to enforce EU law.In the end, this is how the European Union can enforce law and acchieve protection...
PRE-SERVICE SETUP OF DATA COLLECTION INFORMATION PHASE DATABASE AND SUBMISSION RETRIEVAL REPORTING hiring & training input of existing data monitoring ﬁltering marketing reporting visualizationAs a result of the meeting I had with my partner in Berlin, I identiﬁed a number of steps needed to realize theproject...
PRE-SERVICE BUILDING AND MAINTAINANCE DATA COLLECTION & INFORMATION REPORTING PHASE OF DATABASE SUBMISSION RETRIEVAL workshops, job-platform guidelines, admin tools admin tools monitoring tools online platform coordinator TOUCHPOINT NABU-network marketing tools tools hire caretakers teaching, caretaker access write report send report marketing support database to EU commission NABU-OFFICE submit yearly monitor report on learn about protection PRESSURE & the system areas RESPONSE CARETAKER monitor submit loose learn about protection reports the system areas DEVELOPER MOIN BfN NABU PUBLIC provide & set up system provide public support maintain GIS STATE data data EXPERTS data input in provide GIS & database programming job interviews BACKGROUND STATE data (PRESSURE& “headhunting” information PROCESS RESPONSE) data input in SUPPORT database answer questions, PROCESS (STATE) guidanceBased on those steps i mapped out a more detailed blueprint and ﬁgured out the main stakeholders.
PRE-SERVICE BUILDING AND MAINTAINANCE DATA COLLECTION & INFORMATION REPORTING PHASE OF DATABASE SUBMISSION RETRIEVAL workshops, job-platform guidelines, admin tools admin tools monitoring tools online platform coordinator TOUCHPOINT NABU-network marketing tools tools hire caretakers teaching, caretaker access write report send report marketing support database to EU commission NABU-OFFICE submit yearly monitor report on learn about protection PRESSURE & the system areas RESPONSE CARETAKER monitor submit loose learn about protection reports the system areas DEVELOPER MOIN BfN NABU PUBLIC provide & set up system provide public support maintain GIS STATE data data EXPERTS data input in provide GIS & database programming job interviews BACKGROUND STATE data (PRESSURE& “headhunting” information PROCESS RESPONSE) data input in SUPPORT database answer questions, PROCESS (STATE) guidanceI also narrowed down my project focus quite a bit.. My task is mostly designing the touchpoints and bringing thedifferent stakeholders in touch with each other.
BfN NABU FEDERAL OFFICE (COORDINATOR) NABU STATE ASSOCIATIONS (Federal Agency NABU DISTRICT GROUPS of Nature Conservation) COORDINATOR SECTION ADMIN DATABASES SECTION GIS STATE - PRESSURE - RESPONSE EXPERTS CARETAKER PUBLIC SECTION SECTION CARETAKER PUBLIC USERSThis is a framework I created together with my partner, and it shows which touchpoints are most relevant for myproject.In the center, there are the geographical database, and the database about STATE, PRESSURE and RESPONSEThe stakeholders access the database in different ways, so they all need to have distinct touchpoints that serverfor their particular purpose..
NABU CARETAKER PUBLIC EXPERTS COORDINATORAs you saw already in the previous slides, the main stakeholders i ﬁgured out arethe caretakers,public users,the NABU officeand some experts.
NABU CARETAKER PUBLIC EXPERTS COORDINATOR individual or group in the ﬁeld monitoring analysis of database desktop maintainance regular in the ﬁeld monitoring sporadic reporting editing of data based on expert knowledge annual desktop reporting biannual reporting to EU (local contact for a site)Taking to different people at the NABU office in Berlin, i learned a lot about other caretaker programs they have,and about their experiences with them, which are pretty diverse...The stakeholders have pretty distinct tasks in the service, so the touchpoint will be used in very different ways,though there are some commonalities...
NABU CARETAKER PUBLIC EXPERTS COORDINATOR Picture: NABU, L. Giebel Picture: Google StreetviewOne example for that is, that the caretakers and public users are mostly out in the ﬁeld, but the coordinatorswork in the office in Berlin.
CARETAKER How to motivate them to go out in the ﬁeld regularly? How to make them feel responsible for „their“ site? How to provide appropriate knowledge to them? How to make them create correct, objective reports?Throughout the talks i had in berlin, i ﬁgured out different aspects of the users, that will be important to solve inthe next phase...One important issue is, for instance, the voluntariness of the caretaker job: They dont earn any money and do notget refunded for traveling in their area - so it is important to ﬁnd out how to motivate them and make them feelresponsible...to ﬁnd out more about that i am planning to do interviews with some of the people who, most likely willvolunteer as caretakers from next year on.
PUBLIC How to make them aware of protections sites? How to let them know if they actually are in a protected area? How to let them know why it is a protected area?The public users are probably the biggest group of stakeholders - for them it is most important to getinformation, but they may also want to report things...
NABU COORDINATOR How to pre-process and visualize the needed data? How to help with evaluating the data reliability? How to make the editing of data convienient?The coordinator (and my partner at the same time) is the main recipient of all the data and responsible to makesense of it and transform it into information that may be used later..On the one hand, he needs a tool, that provides pre-processed and visualized data, on the other hand he needsto be able to edit the data, because he is the expert who knows how to „smooth out“ some of the exaggerationssome times...
EXPERTS How to make the maintainence of the system convenient? How to create a system that can be maintained without external help?last but not least, there will be some experts who are responsible for the maintenance of the whole system - theyare important as well, mostly for the „backbone“ part of my project...
Other things I looked into EU-directives (bird-directive & habitat directive) IBA / SPA criteria to evaluate sites international criteria to monitor species other monitoring programs some technical details (database implementation, GIS...)In the last weeks I learned about a lot of other things, some more speciﬁc to the protection program my projectwill aim atand some more general, like how other monitoring programs work and what issues they do have to face...
Next steps Interviews with caretakers Workshop about the public aspect of my project Synthesize ﬁndings and reﬁne framework & blueprint Closer contact to developers Widen the perspective on possible solutions Keep on ideating...