The will to make war


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  • The will to make war

    1. 1. The Will to Make War
    2. 2. Focusing Question •How far did European society accept war as natural and inevitable?
    3. 3. Literature • The idea and stories of war were often treated as a normal and romantic notion. • War was a quick and decisive diplomatic problem solver. You had winners, losers and a settlement that reflective it. • War novels featuring a leading man in uniform was a popular trend.
    4. 4. Literature • Alongside novels, were accounts of a history and destiny of nations. • These works often spoke to a country's ideals and traditions. • In Germany, Treitschke preached German greatness was based off her army and war was an “institution ordained by God”. • Bernhardi, saw the option of peace as “immoral and inhuman”. Germany’s role was either “World power or destruction.
    5. 5. The Press • By the end of the 19th century mass- circulation press was common. Bad news sold better than good and this caused the rise of sensationalism. Nationalistic feelings were often played upon. • The idea of the yellow press, and their exaggerated nature helped to prepare the countries for war. From 1905, the daily mail was prophesising a war between Britain and Germany.
    6. 6. Patriotic Education • As the nature of schooling changed into being readily available, more children were taught about their nations history. • French children were taught about how Germany had robbed them of Alsace and Lorraine. Germans were taught about their precarious situation of being surround by enemies. Russians were taught about invasions their nations had suffered.
    7. 7. War and Society: Britain •These all lead to a continued rise of patriotism throughout these nations. New groups, such as British boy scouts, formed as the future protectors of their nation. •These patriotic felling's give rise the Jingoism in Britain and the placement of the armed forces as the great heroes of the Empire.
    8. 8. War and Society • The pan-German league promoted the idea that the areas would one day be united and form one large German state, which would dominate the world. • In Russia, a similar idea of a pan-Slav movement existed. • In France, they remained looking towards the areas of Alsace and Lorraine.
    9. 9. War and Society • The rise of militant nationalism also promoted the idea of social Darwinism. • Only the fittest nations would survive in the world struggle. In order to do so one needed armaments, solders and public backing. • By 1914, the powers of Europe greeted war with optimism and enthusiasm, seeing it as the way to answer the new worlds questions.
    10. 10. M.A.I.N Points • Militarism • Societies welcomed the increase in armaments as an crucial part of preparing a nation • Alliances • Imperialism • Pan-German and pan-Slavic ideals arise • The British empire must remain strong through strength both at home and overseas. • Nationalism • The populace are taught about their history and pride of their nation. • Nationalistic feelings, such as British Jingoism, become more common and seen as a good reflection of the nation.
    11. 11. Activities •Complete resources A, C and F