The second moroccan crisis
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The second moroccan crisis

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The second moroccan crisis The second moroccan crisis Presentation Transcript

  • The Second Moroccan Crisis Agadir Incident 1911
  • Wikispaces •http://year12historycbhs .wikispaces.com/
  • From Monday… • The Tsar tank • Front wheels 9m in diameter, with a 1.5m high back wheel in a tricycle design. The upper cannon turret nearly 8m high.
  • Panzer VIII Maus • Super heavy tank class, only two partially built before the prototypes were captured in 1944. • 10.2m long, 3.71m wide and 3.63m tall weighs 190 tonnes. Turret had killing ranges up to 3500m.
  • Japanese battleship Yamato • The lead ship of the Yamato class of the Japanese navy in WW2. • 256m in length, displaced over 72,800 tonnes of water. The HMS Dreadnought, by comparison, was 160m long and displaced about 19,000 tonnes.
  • Focusing Question •How and why did Germany provoke the second Moroccan Crisis?
  • French connection • Since the 1906 Algeciras conference, Morocco was unstable. • France controlled the finances and the police all the while rivalling German interests. • 1911: the sultan asks for French assistance to destroy a revolt. France sees this as the chance to increase its influence.
  • Gunboat Diplomacy •Germany recognises the possible French takeover and takes action. •The German gunboat, Panther, arrives at Agadir port as the French arrive at Fez. •In response to French gains, Germany wants compensation and asks for the entire French Congo in exchange for Morocco.
  • Gunboat Diplomacy •In international politics, gunboat diplomacy (may be referred to as "big stick diplomacy") refers to the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of military power — implying or constituting a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.
  • British reaction • The British were worried about their trade route interests and saw the German move as an attempted naval base creation. Another attempt to break the Anglo-French entente. • Lloyd George, chancellor of the exchequer, warned the Germans that Britain would fight rather than see her or her allies bullied. • The British naval power caused a German step down, causing an acceptance of two small strips of French Congo.
  • Results of the crisis • Britain's continued belief of Germans dominance goals. Along with, a strong fighting speech from Lloyd George. • A humiliating diplomatic defeat for the Germans and further feeling of German enemy entrapment. • With the help of the crisis, Tirpitz passes naval expansion plans for Germany and Britain replicates. • In 1912, the Anglo-French naval convention lead to an agreement. The British would police the north sea while the French covered the Mediterranean. Making the entente essentially a military alliance.
  • M.A.I.N Points • Militarism: • Increase in both the German and British navy. • Alliances: • Strengthens the Anglo-French entente into a military alliance. • Imperialism: • Small part of the French Congo traded. • Britain protecting her trade interests. • French expansion into Morocco. • Nationalism: • Moroccan revolt caused because of rebels concern with European interests.
  • Activates •You are to Complete: •Resource A,B,C & E’s corresponding activities. (pg. 31- 33) •Then complete the Review activities (pg. 33)