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Irish nationalism


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  • 1. Documentary, Glossary, Figures list, Irish Nationalism
  • 2. BBC The Story of Ireland •
  • 3. Glossary and Important figures • Gaelic • Protestant • Catholic • Tithes • Tenant Farmer • Nationalism • Fenians • Home Rule • Gaelic Revival • Sectarian Violence • Ulster • Unionist •Henry II •Henry VIII •Oliver Cromwell •William of Orange •Charles Parnell
  • 4. Glossary and Important figures •Boycott •Dail •Separatism •Sinn Fein •Socialism •Tariffs •James Larkin •Arthur Griffith
  • 5. Leinster Munster Connacht Ulster Dublin Belfast
  • 6. IrishNationalismin the early 20th century • At the start of the 20th century, nothing threatened the predominance of Home Rule (I.N.P). • After Parnell's death, John Redmond, a southern catholic, lead the Irish nationalist party. • His aim was much like Parnell's, in that the party would hold the balance of power in parliament and gain home rule.
  • 7. The new generation • Redmond failed to realise that his party was losing the younger generation. They saw the party as being based on home rule and little else. • The I.N.P was full of the middle aged and middle- class. These member failed to understand the emotion powers of the recent Gaelic revival. • Eventually, increasing complaints were made about Redmond and his attachment to England.
  • 8. Sinn Fein • In 1905, an Irish journalist, Arthur Griffith, started a new political party called Sinn Fein. Gaelic for “ourselves” or “ourselves alone”. • He wanted “an Irish state governed by Irishmen for the benefit of the Irish people.” • His chosen method was to gain parliamentary members and then boycott the English parliament. • They would have their meetings in Dublin at the Irish Dail.
  • 9. Sinn Fein • In the Dail, they would make Ireland’s laws and choose their own government while the British monarch would remain. • Griffith also suggested economical reform. Ireland should no longer rely on farming exports and British imports. They would develop their own industries and protect them with tariffs on the British competition.
  • 10. Sinn Fein and others • Sinn Fein remained small and did not become a vital political force until 1916. • Along with other similar nationalist groups, Sinn Fein struggled for numbers. Their memberships were made up of the middle-class and the educated. • It was only the labour movements that gained large support.
  • 11. The labour Movement • The movement was lead by two figures, James Connolly and James Larkin, based in Dublin. • Dublin had the worst slums and highest death rates of any European city. One third of the population lived in the slums, one fifth were unemployed. • Connolly used these statistics as evidence of Irish suffering under British rule. His solution was a socialist independent Ireland.
  • 12. Larkin • Larkin also blamed British rule as the cause of Dublin’s misery. • As a trade union organiser, he played a leading role in a number of labour disputes during 1908- 13 • The most famous was the general strike/lockout of 1913, which lasted six months. • Both men believed that the police mistreated the transport workers and formed the Irish citizen army to protect them.
  • 13. Connolly as a leader • Despite the unsuccessful disputes, Connolly's ideas and influence had considerable impact. • Connolly rejected the constitutional approach of the I.N.P and Sinn Fein. • He was another voice urging separatism and as the third Home Rule bill arrived the separatist ideal was becoming increasingly popular.
  • 14. Activities • Read case study 6 on pg. 25 about James Larkin and Dublin • Answer the Following: • What were Larkin's abilities as an orator? And are they affective? • How did Larkin’s early life shape his views? • What were his activities during WW1? • How would the conditions of Dublin help the rise of nationalism?