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Advanced topics research
 

Advanced topics research

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    Advanced topics research Advanced topics research Presentation Transcript

    • Study MACREDIEResearch The influence of gender on communication efficiency and effectiveness.Question Are males better at route tasks with a partner?Sample Size 56 participants (31 males and 25 females) – from a UK university (various departments) – random groupingExperiment • Wizard of Oz experiment (2 people interact; one of whom thinks they are talking to a system) – Masking gender & seated in separate rooms • Instructors were made to believe they were talking to a robot + they had no dialogue or script • User had to guide robot to 6 designated locations (in fictitious town) • Only instructors had view of the map and destinations • They were talking to a robot, so they could not assume that there was shared knowledge. • MM/MF/FM/FF – pairings • Custom system developed for real time text communication • System kept a log of dialogue & kept a log of the robot co-ordinates each time a message was sent (meaning that they can analyse the text description) • User controlled robot with arrow keys • Users were given verbal and written instructions and a demonstration • They were informed that the robot could learn routes – so they wont guess it’s a human • They can use forward, back, left and right, but not north, south…. (reducing confusion)
    • Study MACREDIELit review • Strengths • 15 references in quite a small ‘background’ / lit review section • Type of paper – IEEE - Conf - ACM • Weaknesses • A lot of references supported by Allen and DenisData • Study yielded 160 dialogues, 1460 instruction unitsAnalysis • Quantitative analysis of relevant data (time taken to complete task, number of words, turns and instructions in each dialogue) • Qualitative discourse analysis (number of miscommunication; granularity of instructions)Results from • Gender and role both have significant impactanalysis • Female instructors had to give less information when the follower was male • Male robots/followers had the leased execution errors and misunderstandings • Previous studies predict male superiority in both roles – mixed pairs actually exceeded or matched male performanceFuture • How it can be applied in a wider contextresearch • Identify drivers and non drivers to ensure better resultsResearch • Motorist thingflaws / gaps • Is spatial communication the same in other languages?
    • Study LOUVIERISResearch Military decision making for commanders to enable them to make rapid decisions by using CSF’s (criticalQuestion success factor – the area in which satisfactory results ensure competitiveness)Sample Size A few subject matter expertsExperiment • Used subject matter experts – to identify critical information requirements • Case based reasoning (analogical reasoning) • Bayesian belief networks (a mind map of factors – how each factor flows into the next – training impacts on quality, impacts on morale) • Simulation software – to see the effect of the case based reasoning (using Bayesian belief networks (how old related factors, map to new scenario)) – system spits out key information for decision makers • Like for like analysis between system and people on decision making.Lit review • Different methods of decision making – with and without systems (e.g. fire fighting – no time to make long decisions. Usually experience decision makers used RPD (recognition primed decision making) where pattern matching identifies a decision) • Strong references • Over reliance on his own referencesData Analysis • Analysed against traditional human based decisions • Collated responsesResults from • A solution which provided automated CSF identification and quantifications.analysis • This reduces decision makers workload through supported situational awareness (SA: The perception of the environment you are in with regards to time and/or space) • Contributes to CSF research; use of BBN research • Automated configuration of conditional probability tables (the factors of a decision and how they are related. Part of BBN) is produced.Future research • How can case based reasoning and BBN be applied in other domains?
    • Study YOUNGResearch Time to rethink healthcare and ICTQuestionSample Size 0Experiment Case study reviewsLit review Surrounded IS failures - 12 referencesData • Similarities and differences between healthcare and other sectorsAnalysisResults from • Enterprise systems cant be used for national healthcare initiativesanalysis • Person to person (collaborative) models are required • New model required, start from scratch • Getting the healthcare community to consider IS models, and looking @ failures before planning a new system.Future • Finding / developing a model which can be adopted by healthcare systemsresearchWeaknesses • No primary research • Old (late 80’s and early 90’s) case studies
    • Study ELLIMANResearch What are the gaps in the research area “ICT for governance and policyQuestion modelling”. What needs to be addressedSample Size Not ApplicableExperiment Not ApplicableLit review • As a background section – 4 references but only an initial report • Lists 64 project with grant funding of about 80M eurosDataAnalysisResults fromanalysis