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  • 1. Study MACREDIEResearch The influence of gender on communication efficiency and effectiveness.Question Are males better at route tasks with a partner?Sample Size 56 participants (31 males and 25 females) – from a UK university (various departments) – random groupingExperiment • Wizard of Oz experiment (2 people interact; one of whom thinks they are talking to a system) – Masking gender & seated in separate rooms • Instructors were made to believe they were talking to a robot + they had no dialogue or script • User had to guide robot to 6 designated locations (in fictitious town) • Only instructors had view of the map and destinations • They were talking to a robot, so they could not assume that there was shared knowledge. • MM/MF/FM/FF – pairings • Custom system developed for real time text communication • System kept a log of dialogue & kept a log of the robot co-ordinates each time a message was sent (meaning that they can analyse the text description) • User controlled robot with arrow keys • Users were given verbal and written instructions and a demonstration • They were informed that the robot could learn routes – so they wont guess it’s a human • They can use forward, back, left and right, but not north, south…. (reducing confusion)
  • 2. Study MACREDIELit review • Strengths • 15 references in quite a small ‘background’ / lit review section • Type of paper • Weaknesses • A lot of references supported by Allen and DenisData • Study yielded 160 dialogues, 1460 instruction unitsAnalysis • Quantitative analysis of relevant data (time taken to complete task, number of words, turns and instructions in each dialogue) • Qualitative discourse analysis (number of miscommunication; granularity of instructions)Results from • Gender and role both have significant impactanalysis • Female instructors had to give less information when the follower was male • Male robots/followers had the leased execution errors and misunderstandings • Previous studies predict male superiority in both roles – mixed pairs actually exceeded or matched male performance
  • 3. Study ELLIMANResearch What are the gaps in the research area “ICT for governance and policyQuestion modelling”. What needs to be addressedSample Size Not ApplicableExperiment Not Applicable
  • 4. Study ELLIMANLit review • As a background section – 4 references but only an initial reportDataAnalysisResults fromanalysis
  • 5. Study LOUVIERISResearchQuestionSample SizeExperiment
  • 6. Study LOUVIERISLit review • As a background section – 4 references but only an initial reportDataAnalysisResults fromanalysis
  • 7. Study YOUNGResearchQuestionSample SizeExperiment
  • 8. Study YOUNGLit reviewDataAnalysisResults fromanalysis