Role of the United States in NATO

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Role of the United States in NATO from 1991 to present

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  • Animated picture list with color text tabs(Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this page, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt.In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Horizontal Picture List (fifth row, second option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide. Press and hold CTRL, and select the picture placeholder and text shape (top and bottom shape) in one of the objects. Under SmartArt Tools,on the Design tab, in the Create Graphic group, click Add Shape, and then click Add Shape After. Repeat this process one more time for a total of five picture placeholders and text shapes. Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 4.44”.In the Width box, enter 9.25”.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Arrange, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text.Press and hold CTRL, and then select all five text boxes in the graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Corbel from the Font list,and then enter 22 in the Font Size box.Select the graphic. Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, do the following: Click ChangeColors, and then under Colorful click Colorful Range – Accent Colors 2 to 3 (second option from the left).Click More, and then under Best Match for Document click Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left).Select the rounded rectangle at the top of the graphic. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click the arrow next to ShapeFill, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).Click each of the five picture placeholders in the SmartArt graphic, select a picture, and then click Insert.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Animation Pane.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery and under Entrance, click Float In.In the Animation group, click Effect Options, and under Sequence, click One by One. In the Timing group, in the Duration list, click 01.00.In the Animation Pane, click the double-arrow below the animation effect to expand the list of effects, then do the following to modify the list of effects:Select the first animation effect, and then do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Change Entrance Effects dialog box, under Moderate, click Basic Zoom.Click Effect Options, and under Zoom, click Out Slightly. In the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Also in the Timing group, in the Duration list, click 01.00.Press and hold CTRL, select the third, fifth, seventh, ninth, and 11th animation effects (effects for the text shapes), and then do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Change Entrance Effects dialog box, under Basic, click Peek In, and then click OK. In the Animation group, click Effect Options, and underDirection, click From Top.In the Timing group, in the Duration list, click 01.00.Press and hold CTRL, select the second, fourth, sixth, eighth, and 10th animation effects (effects for the pictures). In the Timing group, in the Start list, selectAfter Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 126, and Blue: 102.Select the last stop on the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 71%.Click the button next to Color, and then click Black, Text 1(first row, second option from the left).
  • Animated vertical block list (Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt graphic effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, click Vertical Block List, and then click OK to insert the graphic into the slide.To create a fourth row, do the following:Select the third block shape (the shape on the left side)at the bottom of the graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and select AddShapeAfter.To add a bulleted, rectangle shape next to the fourth block shape, select the fourth block shape, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click AddBullet.To enter numbers and text in the blocks and rectangles, select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text for each shape. (Note: In the example slide, the highest level text are the “1,” “2,” “3,” and “4.” The next level text is only one bullet (delete the second bullet) and are “First statement,” “Second statement,” and so on.)To reproduce the rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and then select each of the rectangles (on the right of the graphic).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click the arrow to the right of ChangeShape, and under Rectangles select SnipDiagonalCornerRectangle (the fifth option from the left).With the rectangles still selected, drag one of the left center sizing handles to the left 1” to lengthen all four at once.Also with the rectangles selected, on the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Paragraph group, click the Paragraph dialog box launcher. In the Paragraph dialog box, under Indentation do the following:In the BeforeText box, enter 1”.In the Special list, select Hanging.Next to the Special list, in the By box enter 1”.Click OK.Select the SmartArt graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click MoreStyles, and under 3-D select PolishedEffect (the first option form the left). Select the first rectangle from the top (“First statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Red, Accent 2 (first row, the sixth option from the right).Select the second rectangle from the top (“Second statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Olive Green, Accent 3 (first row, the seventh option from the right).Select the third rectangle from the top (“Third statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Purple, Accent 4 (first row, the eighth option from the right). Select the fourth rectangle from the top (“Fourth statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Orange, Accent 6 (first row, the tenth option from the right). Press and hold CTRL, and select all of the rectangles (on the right side of the graphic). On the Home tab, in the Font group, in the FontSize box, select 36 pt., and in the FontColor list, under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, the first option from the left). To reproduce the circleson this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and then select the four block shapes (the shapes on the left) in the SmartArt graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click the arrow to the right of ChangeShape, and under BasicShapes select Oval (first row, first option from the left). On the slide, drag one of the top right sizing handles to the left to make the ovals into a circle and to make them smaller.Also with the four circles selected, position the circles so that they cover the bullet on the rectangles, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, in the FontColor list, under ThemeColors select White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left). Also on the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.In the Direction list, select FromCenter (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the sliderAlso under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 2, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the SmartArt graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Fade.Also on the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Motion Paths click Lines.Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click Effect Options, and then click Right.On the slide, right-click the motion path and select ReversePathDirection. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Animation Pane. Press and hold CTRL, and select the two effects in the Animation Pane. Click the arrow to the right of the selected effects and select EffectOptions. In the EffectsOptions dialog box, do the following:On the Timing tab, in the Duration box enter 1.00.On the SmartArtAnimation tab, in the Group graphic list select Onebyone.Click OK. In the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under the two effects to show all the effects for all the shapes (16 effects).Press and hold CTRL, and select all of the effects in the Animation Pane. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.Press and hold CTRL, and select the first, third, fifth, and seventh effects (fade entrance effects). On the Animations tab, do the following:In the AdvancedAnimation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Grow & Turn.In the Timing group, in the Start list, select After Previous.Press and hold CTRL, and select the ninth, eleventh, thirteenth, and fifteenth effects (right motion paths) in the Animation Pane. Click the arrow next to the effect and then click Remove.Select the ninth effect (right motion path) in the Animation Pane and drag it before the third effect in the list.Select the tenth effect (right motion path) in the Animation Pane and drag it before the sixth effect in the list.Select the eleventh effect (right motion path) in the Animation Paneand drag it before the ninth effect in the list.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the sliderAlso under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 33%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, the first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Role of the United States in NATO

    1. 1. The Role of the United States in NATO
    2. 2. From 1949 to 1991 From 1991 to present Future
    3. 3. NATO Operations
    4. 4.  I. THE KOSOVO WAR: In 1997, a civil war between Kosovo and Serbia broke out over Kosovo's independence The Serbs, led by Slobodan Milosevic, launched an ethnic cleansing campaign to rid Kosovo of all Albanian Muslim
    5. 5. Responses from the US & NATO  To stop the genocide, the spread of the war and a possible refugee crisis, the US and NATO stepped in.  NATO launched an airstrike campaign to put pressure on the Serbs government to stop the war, which they succeeded.  The bombings led to the withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo and stopped the 1990s Yugoslav wars.
    6. 6.  America approved and provided military support for the operation, using hundreds of aircrafts, ships, military equipments and most notably the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt  The U.S. was the dominant member of the coalition against Yugoslavia, although all NATO members were involved  U.S. ground forces included a battalion from the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division. The unit was deployed in March 1999 to Albania in support of the bombing campaign where the battalion secured the Tirana airfield
    7. 7.  The US was committed to stopping the war in Kosovo:
    8. 8. The Afghanistan War After the 11/9 attacks on America, a war was waged against terrorism, starting with an attack on the Taliban forces in Afghanistan The USA plays a crucial role in this war, they used a huge amount of resources on the mission to end terrorism in the country. The US acted as the leader of the other NATO nations in Afghanistan. Most military campaigns are supervised and carried out by the US. The other NATO nations act as helping allies.
    9. 9.   The US acts as a “big brother” in NATO. As the world’s Nr.1 superpower, they have the ability and the rights to lead the other nations. Most of NATO’s actions came from the United States’ decisions, the other nations usually follow US leadership.
    10. 10. The Iraq War   August 2004, NATO formed the NATO Training Mission – Iraq (NTM-I), a training mission to assist the Iraqi security forces in conjunction with the US led MNF-I (Multi-national Forces in Iraq) The U.S is also the commander of the NTM-I
    11. 11.   The vast majority of military forces in MNF-I were contributed from the United States. Many MNF-I member countries have received monetary gain, among other incentives from the United States, in return for their sending of military forces to Iraq, or otherwise supporting coalition forces during the Iraq War.
    12. 12. Lybia Military Intervention
    13. 13. Largest contributions Galvanizing Leading/Directing
    14. 14. The Role of the Unites States in a future NATO
    15. 15. • Europe's lack of will to confront geopolitical dangers (except when they are direct attacks on their soil) • NATO’s Aging population -> More money has to be allocated for social welfare • The US will still act as a leader in NATO’s affairs • The US will cut back on its military spending for NATO (as well as other NATO member countries) 1 2
    16. 16. Thanks for your listening!

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