Pawtucket Data In Your Backyard Findings from the 2009 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook Presented by Stephanie Geller Rhode Island KIDS COUNT June 25, 2009 Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Special Thanks Special thanks to Pawtucket School Department Child Opportunity Zone for hosting today’s presentation.
2009 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook The 2009 Factbook is the 15th annual publication. The 2009 Factbook contains 63 indicators of child well-being, Including the new indicator, Housing and Health. Most indicators include city and town level information.
Pawtucket Child Populationby Race & Ethnicity 2000 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000.
According to the American Community Survey, in 2007 there were 17,366 children living in Pawtucket.
Pawtucket’s child population is ethnically diverse.
Children in Single-Parent Families Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000.
In 2000, 42% of children in Pawtucket (6,988 children) lived in single-parent families, a significantly higher percentage than the state average (30%).
In 2007, 78% of all poor children in Rhode Island lived in a single-parent family. Children in single-parent families were 7 times more likely to live in poverty than children in two-parent families.
Mother’s Education Level Births by Mother’s Education Level,2003-2007 Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, Division of Family Health, Maternal and Child Health Database, 2002-2006.
Research shows strong links between parental education levels and a child’s school readiness, health, and the level of education the child is likely to achieve.
In Pawtucket, 21% of new mothers had less than a high school diploma, significantly higher than the state average of 15%. The proportion of mothers with a Bachelor’s degree or higher was smaller in Pawtucket (23%) than in the state as a whole (36%).
Child Poverty in Rhode Island, 2004-2007 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 2004-2007.
In 2007, 17.5% (40,468) of Rhode Island’s 231,579 children under age 18 lived below the federal poverty threshold.
Of the 40,468 children living in poverty, 44% lived in extreme poverty.
In total, an estimated 7.6% (17,697) of all children in Rhode Island lived in extreme poverty.
Children in Poverty Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000.
According to the American Community Survey, Pawtucket’s child poverty rate has increased in recent years. Between 2005 and 2007, 30% of Pawtucket’s children (5,168) lived in families with incomes below the poverty level.
Cost of Rent Source: Rhode Island Housing Rent Survey, Annual Rent Surveys, 1999-2008.
Housing is considered affordable if it consumes 30% or less of a family’s household income.
To afford the average rent of $1,232 in Rhode Island without a cost burden, a worker would need to earn $23.69 per hour and work 40 hours a week 52 weeks a year. This is almost 3 times the state’s minimum wage of $7.40 per hour.
In 2008, the average cost of rent in Pawtucket was $1,068. A family of three living at the poverty level in Pawtucket would have to devote 73% of its household income to rent.
Families Receiving Cash Assistance
Between 1996 and 2008, there was a 54% decline in the Rhode Island cash assistance caseload.
In December 2008, 8% (1,413) of Pawtucket children were receiving cash assistance, yet 30% of children in Pawtucket live in poverty.
Almost 7 out of 10 (69%) RI Works beneficiaries are children under the age of 18. Almost half (49%) of children enrolled in RI Works are under the age of six.
Children Receiving Food Stamps/SNAP Benefits % ofIncome-Eligible Children Under Age 18 Receiving Food Stamps Source: Rhode Island Department of Human Services, 2007
In October 2008, 77% of Pawtucket children who were eligible for food stamps participated in the program, the same participation rate as the state as a whole.
Research shows that hunger and lack of regular access to sufficient food are linked to serious health, psychological, emotional and academic problems in children and can impede their healthy growth and development.
School Breakfast Program% ofLow-Income Children Participating in School Breakfast, 2008 Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2008
Pawtucket has a Universal School Breakfast Program which offers free breakfast to all children regardless of income.
In October 2008, an average of 1,758 (26%) low-income children in Pawtucket participated in the Universal School Breakfast Program each day out of 6,691 who were eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch. Pawtucket’s school breakfast participation rate is lower than all of the other core cities.
Students who eat breakfast have significantly higher math and reading scores, fewer absences, improved attentiveness and lower incidences of social and behavioralproblems.
Children without Health Insurance, Rhode Island, 1993-2007
In Rhode Island between 2005 and 2007, 6.9% of children under age 18 were uninsured, lower than the national rate of 11.2%. Rhode Island ranks 11th best in the country for lowest percentage of children uninsured.
In Rhode Island, the percentage of uninsured children has increased in recent years, largely due to the decline in employer sponsored health insurance.
Children Receiving Medical Assistance Children under age 19 Receiving Medical Assistance, Pawtucket, 1997-2008
As of December 2008, 8,881 children living in Pawtucket received Medical Assistance. Of these, 8,042 were enrolled in RIte Care. An additional 839 children received medical assistance through SSI, the adoption subsidy, foster care or the Katie Beckett provision.
Source: Rhode Island Department of Human Services, 1997-2008
Early prenatal care is important to identify and treat health problems and influence health behaviors that can compromise fetal development, infant health and maternal health.
In recent years, the percentage of Rhode Island mothers receiving delayed prenatal care has increased from 9.1% in 2000-2004 to 12.1% in 2003-2007. During that same time period, the percentage of Pawtucket mothers receiving delayed prenatal care rate increased from 12.5% to 14.7%.
Children with Elevated Blood Lead LevelsChildren with a History of Screening Positive for Elevated Blood Lead Levels 10 mcg/dL, 1999-2010 Source: Rhode Island Department of Health. Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program, Children entering kindergarten between 1998-2010.
Despite declines in lead poisoning rates, kindergarten children living in core cities are more likely to have a history of elevated blood lead levels (5.2%) than those in the remainder of the state (1.3%).
In the most recent year of testing, 1,082 Pawtucket children were screened for lead. Of these, 58 (5.4%) screened positive and 33 (3.0%) were confirmed positive for lead levels 10mcg/dL.
Housing and Health Source: Population Reference Bureau analysis of the 2005-2007 American Community Survey PUMS Data * Older housing is defined as housing built before 1980.
In both Rhode Island and the nation as a whole, children in low-income families are more likely to live in older housing than children in general.
Low-income families are more likely to lack the resources required to maintain, repair or improve their homes in ways that reduce residential health hazards, such as lead paint, unsafe stairs, leaks and cracks that may allow moisture and pests to enter the home.
Between 2005 and 2007, 87% of low-income children in Rhode Island lived in older housing, the highest percentage in any state.
Births to TeensBirths Rate per 1,000 girls ages 15-19 Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, 2003-2007
The teen birth rate per 1,000 teen girls ages 15-19 is significantly higher in Pawtucket (56.4) than in the state as a whole (30.4).
In Pawtucket, the teen birth rate is much higher for older teens than for younger teens. Between 2003 and 2007, there were 92.3 teen births per 1,000 teens ages 18-19 versus 32.6 teen births per 1,000 younger teens ages 15-17.
Between 2003 and 2007 in Rhode Island, almost one in five teen births (18%) were to teens who were already mothers (repeat birth).
Homeless Children & Youth Source: Rhode Island Emergency Shelter Information Project, Annual Reports 1999-2008
In 2008, 1,506 children under age 13 and 264 youth ages 13-17 entered the Rhode Island Emergency Shelter system accompanied by a parent or another adult.
In 2008, 953 families sought emergency shelter, a 21% increase from the previous year. More than 1 in 6 (16%) of the children in these families had experienced homelessness before.
Homeless children are more likely to become ill, develop mental health issues, go hungry, and miss school than other children. Studies suggest that only 1 in 4 will finish high school.
Child Abuse & NeglectVictims of Child Abuse and Neglect per 1,000 children, Pawtucket, Core Cities, Remainder of State and Rhode Island Source: Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth and Families, 1997-2008.
In 2008, there were 303 victims of child abuse and neglect in Pawtucket, a rate of 16.7 per 1,000 children.
Child abuse and neglect victim rates in the core cities ranged from a low of 14.4 victims per 1,000 children in Providence to a high of 28.2 in Woonsocket.
In 2008, the vast majority (79%) of child abuse and neglect investigations were for neglect.
There are no Early Head Start programs that serve Pawtucket families.
Statewide, Early Head Start served 4% of the estimated 9,365 eligible children under age 3 in Rhode Island.
Children Enrolled in Head Start, 2008
In 2008, 200 (26%) of eligible children in Pawtucket were enrolled in Head Start.
Statewide, Head Start was serving 40% of the estimated 6,200 eligible children ages 3-4 in Rhode Island.
Child Care Source: Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth and Families.
The number of child care slots available for children of all ages in Pawtucket has decreased since 2004.
During this same period, the number of Pawtucket children receiving child care subsidies decreased by 47%.
In 2008, Pawtucket had 66 child care slots per 100 children under the age of 6 in need of regulated child care, less than the state rate of 91 per 100 children under age 6.
Children in Full-Day Kindergarten Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 1999-2000 & 2008-2009.
As of the 2008-2009 school year, 13 school districts offered universal access to full-day kindergarten classrooms. Another 8 school districts operated at least 1 full-day kindergarten classroom, including Pawtucket.
Pawtucket’s full-day kindergarten enrollment rate (84%) has increased significantly, but is still below the core city average (95%).
English Language Learners (ELL) Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008
During the 2007-2008 school year, 871 (10%) of Pawtucket’s 8,530 students were English Language Learners.
Nationally and in Rhode Island, the achievement gap between students who are English Language Learners and all students widens between elementary and middle school. In October 2008 in Rhode Island, 8% of eighth-grade ELL students scored at or above proficiency in math, compared to 53% of all Rhode Island eighth-graders.
Student Mobility Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008
Children who move perform worse on standardized tests than children who have not experienced mobility. The more frequent the number of moves, the worse the performance.
In Rhode Island, students who move are absent more often than students who do not move. Those who did not change schools had a 92% attendance rate, compared with 75% for those who changed schools between one and three times during the 2006-2007 year.
The mobility rate in Pawtucket (24%) is higher than the state’s rate of 16%.
*The mobility rate is the total children enrolled and exited during a year over the total year’s enrollment.
Fourth-Grade Reading Skills% At or Above the Proficiency LevelCore Cities and Rhode Island, 2005 & 2008 Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2005 & 2008, NECAP.
Pawtucket’s fourth-grade proficiency level (58%) on the NECAP is higher than it was in 2005 (48%) but below the state rate of 68%.
High School Graduation and Dropout RatesClass of 2008 Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008 School Year.
This chart shows the percentage of students who matriculated as freshmen in 2004-2005 who graduated in 4 years, dropped out, completed their GED and were retained in school. These percentages are based on actual student counts using the unique student identifier system.
In Pawtucket in 2008, 57% of students graduated from high school on-time, compared to 74% for the state as a whole.
High School Graduation Rates Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008 School Year.
Stephanie Geller Policy Analyst Rhode Island KIDS COUNTOne Union Station Providence, RI 02903 firstname.lastname@example.org (401) 351-9400 voice (401) 351-1758 fax www.rikidscount.org