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HUMAN
 

HUMAN

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    HUMAN HUMAN Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • WHAT IS DEVELOPMENT ?
        • It is about creating an environment in which people, can
      • develop their full potential and lead productive, creative
      • lives in accord with their needs and interest.
        • The pattern of movement or change that begins at
      • conceptions and continues through the life span.
    • HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:
        • Prof. Amartya Sen ( Prof. in Harvard University)
      • Suggest, that
      • “ HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, as an approach, is concerned with what I take to be the basic development idea: namely, advancing the richness of human life, rather than the richness of the economy in which human beings live, which is only part of it.”
        • In Other Words :
      • Enlarging people's choice and enhancing human capabilities and freedoms.
    • HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:
        • Shares a common vision with human rights,
        • The goal is human freedom,
        • Pursuing capabilities & realizing rights,
        • People must exercise their choice and to participate in decision-making that affects their lives.
        • Mutually reinforcing, helping to secure the well-being and dignity of all people, building self-respect and the respect to others.
    • OBJECTIVE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
        • “ To create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives”
    • PERIODS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
        • Prenatal Period
      • - The time from conception to birth
        • Infancy
      • - The developmental period that extends from birth to 18 or 24
      • months of age.
    • PERIODS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
        • Early Childhood
      • - Extends from the end of infancy about 5 or 6 years.
        • Middle and Late Childhood
      • - Extends from about 6 to 11 years.
    • PERIODS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
        • Adolescence
      • - The transition from childhood to adulthood
        • Early Adulthood
      • - Begins in the late teens or early 20 and ends in the 30.
    • PERIODS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
        • Middle Adulthood
      • - Begins at about 35 to 45 years of age and ends at about 55
      • to 65
        • Late Adulthood
      • - Begins at 60 or 70 and ends last until death
    • HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AS A PROCESS Biological Processes Biological Processes Cognitive Processes Socioemotional Processes
    • HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AS A PROCESS
        • Biological Processes
      • - process that involve changes in an individual's physical nature
        • Cognitive Processes
      • - process that involve changes in an individual's thought, intelligence and
      • Language.
    • HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AS A PROCESS
        • Socioemotional Processes
      • - process that involve changes in relationship with other people, changes in
      • emotions, and changes in personality.
    • ISSUES AND THEMES CONCERN MOST CENTRAL TO HUMAN DEVELOPMENT :
        • Social Progress
      • - greater access to knowledge, better nutrition and health service
        • Economics
      • - the importance of economic growth as a means to reduce inequality and
      • improve levels of human development.
    • ISSUES AND THEMES CONCERN MOST CENTRAL TO HUMAN DEVELOPMENT :
        • Efficiency
      • - in terms of resource use and availability.
        • Equity
      • - in terms of economic growth and other human development parameters.
    • ISSUES AND THEMES CONCERN MOST CENTRAL TO HUMAN DEVELOPMENT :
        • Participation and Freedom
      • - particularly empowerment, democratic governance, equality, civil and
      • political right and cultural liberty defined by urban-rural, sex, age, religion,
      • physical / mental parameters, etc.
        • Human Security
      • - Security in daily life against such chronic threats as hunger and abrupt
      • disruptions including joblessness, famine, conflict, etc.
    • STAGES OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
        • Trust vs. Mistrust – Infancy
        • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt- age of 1-4
        • Initiative vs. Guilt- age of 4-5
        • Accomplishment and Industry vs. Inferiority- age 6-12
        • Identity vs. Identity Confusion – adolescence
        • Intimacy vs. Isolation – Young Adults
        • Generativeness vs. Self Absorption – Adults
        • Integrity vs. Despair : Mature Adults