Technology Integration Now

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Technology Integration Now: Why and How …

Technology Integration Now: Why and How

A guide for K-12 administrators and teachers regarding the need for educational technology

More in: Education , Technology
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  • 1. Technology Integration Now:Why and How
    A Guide for Teachers and Administrators
    by Matthew Gudenius
  • 2. The EdTech FAQ
    Why use educational technology?
    Do students really need more than they already get on the computers in the classroom or lab?
    Isn’t it too expensive?
  • 3. Why use technology?
    Differentiation
    Intervention
    Assessment
    Cognitive Growth:Develop higher-order thinking skills
    Real-world Application
  • 4. Technology for Differentiation
    Technology – especially computers – can ease the burden of differentiating learning for a variety of learners by having these qualities:
    Tailored to ability level
    Self-paced
    Independent or collaborative
    Caters to multiple intelligences
  • 5. Technology for Intervention
    Custom-tailored assessments and tutorials
    Drill-and-practice software and games build automaticity as defined by Gagné (1982) and Bloom (1986)
    Engages student without need for one-on-one tutor or paraprofessional
    Special technologies exist to accommodate special needs
    Advanced students can pursue challenging problem/project-based tasks
  • 6. Technology for Assessment
    Automatic scoring reduces labor for teacher and/or aides
    Provides immediate feedback to student
    Can be more fun or engaging, improving student motivation (click here for example)
  • 7. Technology for Cognitive Growth
    Technology can be applied at every level of Bloom’s Taxonomy, including “the big six”: task definition, information-seeking, location and access, use of information, synthesis, and evaluation (Johnson and Eisenberg, 1996)
    By analyzing, evaluating, and creating with technology, students build technological literacy and vital 21st-century skills
    Bloom’s taxonomy diagram.
    Source: Wikimedia Commons(public domain)
  • 8. Real-World Applicability
    Situating knowledge in real-life or simulated problem-solving tasks and projects improves retention and transfer of knowledge (Brown, Collins, & Duguid, 1989)
    These activities support the widely-recognized National Educational Technology Standards for Students (2007)
    © 2007 ISTE®
  • 9. II: Do students really need more?
    Most classrooms have only one computer per 4 to 6 students. Whole-group instruction and guided practice will not be possible.
    One central computer lab shared between all classes in a school results in lack of sufficient time for online lessons and projects.
    Recommended computer time for K-12 students ranges from 30 minutes per day in elementary school up to 2 hours per day for high school
    Sample times for various computer activities.
    As you can see, 30 minutes per week in a labor sharing a classroom computer will not be sufficient!
  • 10. III: Isn’t it too expensive?
    Wifi capability means rooms no longer need to be wired
    Netbook computers fulfill educational needs for under $300/computer
    Can move to any classroom in the school
    Plenty of free software available:
    Google Apps
    Starfall.com
    OpenOffice
    Google SketchUp
    Google Earth
    …and more!
    Xerox costs based on sample school study.
    Paraprofessional average salary $29,000 accordingto SimplyHired.com
  • 11. Conclusion
    Integrating technology into education is no longer optional. Students of today can and must learn how to use higher-order skills and modern tools to solve complex and varied problems.
    Educational technology – especially computer technology – provides a tool that is flexible, cost-efficient, and reduces stress and labor on human resources while ensuring individualized student growth, from low-level automaticity through high-level synthesis and application skills.
  • 12. References
    Bloom, B. (1986). Automaticity. Educational Leadership, 43(5), 70-77.
    Brown, J.S., Collins, A., & Duguid, P. (1989). Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher, 18(1), 32-41.
    Churches, A. (2008, April 1). Bloom's taxonomy blooms digitally.   Retrieved February 8, 2010 from: http://www.techlearning.com/article/8670
    Gagné, R. (1982). Developments in learning psychology: Implications for instructional design. Educational Technology, 22(6), 11-15.
    International Society for Technology in Education. (2007). National educational technology standards for students. Eugene, OR: Author.
    Johnson, D. & Eisenberg, M. (1996). Computer literacy and information literacy: A natural combination. Emergency Librarian, 23(5), 12-16.