At its height the Mali Empire covered nearly all the land between the Sahara Desert and coastal forests. It extended all the way to the Atlantic Ocean and as far east to modern day Niger. By 1325, the Mali Empire covered around 439400 square miles. Between 40 and 50 million people lived under the rule of the M ansas (Ruler of Mali) . It was larger than all of Western Europe at that time. During this time only the Mongol Empire was larger.
Mali's population has a number of different people, including the Bambara, Songhai, Mandinka, Senoufo, Fula, and Dogon. Most of Mali's people are Muslim, and the official language is French. Bambara, however, is the country's true native language.
The Mali Empire flourished because of trade above all else.
Gold played also an important roll in Mali's economic growth.
Mali not only traded gold but had huge mines and reserves of it. this allowed them to surpass the Ghana empire in trading.
The next great unit of exchange in the Mali Empire was salt. Salt was as valuable if not more valuable than gold in Sub-Saharan Africa. It was cut into pieces and spent on goods with close to equal buying power
Other natural resources of Mali include copper iron and bronze.
Mali is almost made out of Muslims. They follow Sunni Islam but they don’t always follow the traditional religious beliefs. Many Muslims have to make a pilgrimage to Mecca and study in Arab countries. Mali converted to Islam after Sundiata.
The Empire of Mali was founded by the great warrior-diplomat, Sundiata, who reigned from 1230-55 A.D.
Sundiata built the capital city Niani
His policies made him one of the most heroic and constructive rulers in African history.
The greatest of the Mali kings was Mansa Musa. He spread the religion of Islam through out the empire building beautiful mosques. Under his rule Timbuktu became one of the major cultural centers world.
Mali: this kingdom came to power in 1200 A.D. and lasted until 1500 A.D. It surrounded most of West Africa north of the forested region. One of its greatest leaders was Sundiata. t was in the 1400's that Mali began to decline due to a series of weak kings
(1230-40) Sundiata Keita defeats Sumanguru. He built the Mali Mandinka Empire
(1307-37) Kankan Musa is emperor. Mansa Musa brings experts from Cairo to create Muslim schools and courts of law. He makes a pilgrimage to Mecca
(1350) The geographer In Battuta visits Mali. (1400) Mali begins to decline as the Songhay empire emerges.
Mali during its time span was the trade and cultural center for all of Africa and was the wealthiest empire at the time.
Today 13,518,000 (65th) July 2005 estimate - Population 1.6 Water (%) - 1,240,192 km² (24th) 478,839 sq mi Total - Area September 22, 1960 Declared - from France Independence Ousmane Issoufi Maïga Prime Minister - Amadou Toumani Touré President - semi-presidential republic Government French Official languages Bamako Capital