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Mozart prodigy article Mozart prodigy article Document Transcript

  • Mozart’s Impact on Music The music of Mozart has had a significantimpact on the world, and it still does to this day.Although Mozart died very young, at the age of35, he wrote more compositions during his shortlifetime than any other composer in history. Hewas so skilled as a musician that we find itdifficult to comprehend the stories we hear of histalents today. His skill allowed him to leave amusical legacy that not only delighted audiencesbut had a great impact on the future of music aswell. Perhaps the most notable aspect of Mozart’scareer is how young he was when he started.From the time that Mozart was three years old, itwas clear that he was extraordinarily gifted. Hewas considered to be a child prodigy because ofhis stunning musical talents. He began to play thepiano at age three, and he composed his first Mozart the youth at the harpsichord (1770) bymusic at the age of four. Mozart had an ThadausHelbling,excellent ear for music, even at this very youngage. He could easily tell if an instrument was out of tune, for instance. He surprised other older violinplayers by recognizing when their violins were tuned even slightly incorrectly. Mozart also learnedmusic at a rapid rate and could play just about any new piece in thirty minutes. By the time young Mozart was six years old, his musical career was in full swing. He hadwritten many musical compositions, some of which required a great deal of skill to play. He began totour throughout Europe, performing for European royalty and eventually for the Pope in Rome. At theage of thirteen, Mozart was composing operas in addition to minuets, sonatas, concertos, andsymphonies. He was even hired during this year to write a complete opera for a member of theEuropean royalty. As Mozart matured, his musical skills also continued to develop. One of the skills for which hewas most famous was his ability to write out a piece of music from memory once he had heard it.Mozart would attend a concert, for instance, and hear a symphony performed for the first time. Afteronly hearing the piece once, he reportedly could write down the entire score of the composition,including the parts played by every instrument in the orchestra! Mozart was also gifted when it cameto writing parts for his own music. He had the amazing ability to hear a piece of music in his mindand then write it out on paper using musical notation. He could write out the musical parts for eachinstrument separately and then combine these to make a full musical score. Mozart was passionate about using his musical gifts. He devoted his entire short life to thedevelopment of his music, composing a staggering 626 musical works. His efforts changed music in
  • many ways. One of the most important of Mozart’s contributions was expanding the different typesof music that existed during his time. Before Mozart began composing, there was only one majorform of music, known as the sonata. A sonata is a musical piece written for one or two soloinstruments that consists of three or four separate parts, called movements. At that time, composerswrote sonatas either for the violin or for the clavier.1The movements within these sonatas were alsosmall, without much development. Through his writing, Mozart greatly increased the types of music that were written andperformed. He and fellow composer Franz Joseph Haydn helped add forms such as symphonies,concertos, quartets, and trios. Mozart also wrote sonatas, but he added depth to the sonatas and gavethem more structure. In part, he was able to do this because he had been exposed to many differenttypes of music during his travels as a young boy. He combined the musical styles that he learnedduring his stays in Germany, France, Italy, and other regions in Austria. Another area in which Mozart made a large contribution was developing the form of opera.Mozart specialized in a kind of opera known as comic opera. This form was perfect for Mozart’spersonality, which was very energetic and capable of great humor. Mozart created operas that wereentertaining and that also showed the depth and emotions of his characters. His operas were often notwell-liked by other composers of his time, who were used to lighter works with less depth. On theother hand, the operas were a great hit with people who came to watch them. The public loved theintensity of feelings that were expressed in Mozart’s work. This love has continued to the presentday, as audiences all over the world continue to listen to Mozart and to be charmed by his fascinatingmusical gifts.1 clavier: keyboard
  • Directions: Answer the following questions using the above passage Mozart’s Impact On Music. 1. What statement best reflects the main idea of the passage? a. Mozart started his musical career b. Mozart was an extremely talented when he was extremely young: he musician and composer whose learned to play the piano when he was contributions have had a significant only three years old. impact on music. c. Mozart greatly increased the types of d. Mozart wrote a great number of music that were written and musical works during his lifetime, but performed, adding symphonies, his music was not appreciated until concertos, quartets, and trios to the after his death. sonata form that already existed. 2. What evidence in the passage suggest that Mozart was extraordinarily gifted (a prodigy) as a young child? a. He wrote at the same time as Franz b. He helped develop the form of opera. Joseph Haydn. c. He traveled extensively as a young d. He composed his first music at the age boy. of four. 3. Read this sentence from the passage. He was considered to a child prodigy because of his stunning musical talents. a. Person with exceptional skills b. Person who is slower than most. c. Person with a scientific mind. d. Person who shows great kindness. 4.Which of the following statements represents a rational appeal used by the author to persuade readers of Mozart’s passion for using his musical gifts? a. During his lifetime, Mozart’s operas b. Even at a very young age, Mozart had were a great hit with audiences who a good ear and could easily tell if an came to see them. instrument was out of tune. c. Mozart devoted his entire short life to d. A sonata is a musical piece written for the development of his music, one or two solo instruments that composing a staggering 626 musical consists of three or four separate parts, works. called movements. 5.According to the author, how did Mozart’s sonatas differ from previous sonatas written before Mozart’s time? a. Mozart’s sonatas were more b. Mozart’s sonatas had more depth and entertaining than the previous sonatas. more structure than the previous sonatas. c. Mozart’s sonatas were composed d. Mozart’s sonatas were more difficult more quickly than the previous to play than the previous sonatas. sonatas.
  • 6.What was the author’s purpose in writing this passage? a. To describe Mozart’s talent as a b. To explain why Mozart’s music was musician and the impact of this not very well-liked by other contribution to music composers of his time c. To argue that Mozart’s musical d. To describe the extraordinary musical expression was limited by the fact that skills that Mozart displayed as a very he never traveled young child