Chapter 9•   Glorious Revolution•   Enlightenment•   Secularism•   Empiricism
European countries rushed to     establish colonies
Louis XIV• French king• One of the most successful absolute monarchs• Financial and social cost of absolute monarchy  was ...
King Louis XIV
Charles I• From England• Supported the Church of Rome• Wanted absolute power
Charles I
English Civil War• Between Charles I and Parliament• Charles entered the House of Commons with  soldiers and tried to arre...
•   Oliver Cromwell lead the Parliament forces•   Overthrew the King and•   The king was tried and executed in 1649•   Cro...
Oliver Cromwell
Beheading of Charles I
• Cromwell set up a Protectorate (like a  government)  – It set up a constitution called the Instruments of    Government ...
Charles II• The son of Charles I• Asked by the people to become the king when  Cromwell died• He didn’t mess with Parliame...
Charles II
James II• Brother of Charles II• He was a strong Roman Catholic, but he was  old so the people tolerated him• He didn’t ha...
James II
Glorious Revolution• The people asked James II daughter and her  husband to take the throne. They were  protestant• James ...
William of Orange and Mary• To gain the throne, Parliament made them  sign the English Bill of Rights  – This set limits o...
William and Mary
• The colonists in America demanded on the  same civil rights that the English were getting  with the English Bill of Rights
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  • Royal control of the colonies and taxation of the wealth from the colonies enhanced royal power
  • Unlimited power over his people..directed all the activities in his kingdom…every activity of his subjects was designed to glorify the king
  • While other countries were developing governments that gave the ruler more and more power, English were trying to limit power
  • Ch 9 sec 1

    1. 1. Chapter 9• Glorious Revolution• Enlightenment• Secularism• Empiricism
    2. 2. European countries rushed to establish colonies
    3. 3. Louis XIV• French king• One of the most successful absolute monarchs• Financial and social cost of absolute monarchy was great
    4. 4. King Louis XIV
    5. 5. Charles I• From England• Supported the Church of Rome• Wanted absolute power
    6. 6. Charles I
    7. 7. English Civil War• Between Charles I and Parliament• Charles entered the House of Commons with soldiers and tried to arrest them• They had escaped
    8. 8. • Oliver Cromwell lead the Parliament forces• Overthrew the King and• The king was tried and executed in 1649• Cromwell ruled until his death in 1658
    9. 9. Oliver Cromwell
    10. 10. Beheading of Charles I
    11. 11. • Cromwell set up a Protectorate (like a government) – It set up a constitution called the Instruments of Government – People soon wanted another king
    12. 12. Charles II• The son of Charles I• Asked by the people to become the king when Cromwell died• He didn’t mess with Parliament but received money from the French – In exchange he became Roman Catholic
    13. 13. Charles II
    14. 14. James II• Brother of Charles II• He was a strong Roman Catholic, but he was old so the people tolerated him• He didn’t have any boy children yet• When he had a son, they became worried that they would have a Roman Catholic on the throne for many years to come
    15. 15. James II
    16. 16. Glorious Revolution• The people asked James II daughter and her husband to take the throne. They were protestant• James II fled England rather than fight• This transfer of power without a fight is known as the glorious revolution
    17. 17. William of Orange and Mary• To gain the throne, Parliament made them sign the English Bill of Rights – This set limits on royal power – Provided basic rights for the English people – Prevented future ruler from being Roman Catholic
    18. 18. William and Mary
    19. 19. • The colonists in America demanded on the same civil rights that the English were getting with the English Bill of Rights

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