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  • Cash crops enables settlers to pay off debts in England
  • Set up trial by jury, free market system where prices were set by individuals, not the government
  • If you refused the church you were expelled from the colony
  • Parents taught their kids at home. When towns and villages sprung up, one of the first buildings was a schoolTaught reading, writing, speaking and math
  • Only the wealthy received a basic education…the roman catholics discouraged bible reading

Ch 8 sec 2 Ch 8 sec 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Colonization of North America
  • French in the New World • Jacques Cartier was sent by France – Found the St. Lawrence River – Built settlement of Montreal
  • • Samuel de Champlain – Discovered two of the Great Lakes – Given title of Father of New France
  • The English • John Smith and Sir Thomas Dale – Helped to make Jamestown a thriving colony – Established cash crops of tobacco and indigo
  • John Smith
  • Sir Thomas Dale
  • • The Pilgrims came in 1620 to Plymouth, Massachusetts • They left England to escape religious persecution
  • • Why did they not have as many problems with the Indians? 1. The Indians had just suffered a plague and were too weak to fight 2. Pilgrims treated them with respect and shared the gospel with them
  • • The English settlements were different from the French and Spanish in three ways: 1. Most were under private investors, not government funded 2. They brought their families with them 3. They were Protestant
  • Religion • Initially, every English colony had an established church that all were required to be a member of. • Later religious pluralism was allowed in the colonies. • In France and Spanish colonies, you HAD to be Roman Catholic
  • Education • English colonies viewed education as important because you needed to read Scripture, learn about God and understand His will. • The pastors often taught the kids. Later teachers were hired
  • • In Roman Catholic colonies there was less emphasis on education