Colonization
of North
America
French in the New World
• Jacques Cartier was sent by France
– Found the St. Lawrence River
– Built settlement of Montreal
• Samuel de Champlain
– Discovered two of the Great Lakes
– Given title of Father of New France
The English
• John Smith and Sir Thomas Dale
– Helped to make Jamestown a thriving colony
– Established cash crops of toba...
John Smith
Sir Thomas Dale
• The Pilgrims came in 1620 to Plymouth,
Massachusetts
• They left England to escape religious
persecution
• Why did they not have as many problems with
the Indians?
1. The Indians had just suffered a plague and were
too weak to ...
• The English settlements were different from
the French and Spanish in three ways:
1. Most were under private investors, ...
Religion
• Initially, every English colony had an
established church that all were required to be
a member of.
• Later rel...
Education
• English colonies viewed education as
important because you needed to read
Scripture, learn about God and under...
• In Roman Catholic colonies there was less
emphasis on education
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Ch 8 sec 2
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Ch 8 sec 2
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  • Cash crops enables settlers to pay off debts in England
  • Set up trial by jury, free market system where prices were set by individuals, not the government
  • If you refused the church you were expelled from the colony
  • Parents taught their kids at home. When towns and villages sprung up, one of the first buildings was a schoolTaught reading, writing, speaking and math
  • Only the wealthy received a basic education…the roman catholics discouraged bible reading
  • Ch 8 sec 2

    1. 1. Colonization of North America
    2. 2. French in the New World • Jacques Cartier was sent by France – Found the St. Lawrence River – Built settlement of Montreal
    3. 3. • Samuel de Champlain – Discovered two of the Great Lakes – Given title of Father of New France
    4. 4. The English • John Smith and Sir Thomas Dale – Helped to make Jamestown a thriving colony – Established cash crops of tobacco and indigo
    5. 5. John Smith
    6. 6. Sir Thomas Dale
    7. 7. • The Pilgrims came in 1620 to Plymouth, Massachusetts • They left England to escape religious persecution
    8. 8. • Why did they not have as many problems with the Indians? 1. The Indians had just suffered a plague and were too weak to fight 2. Pilgrims treated them with respect and shared the gospel with them
    9. 9. • The English settlements were different from the French and Spanish in three ways: 1. Most were under private investors, not government funded 2. They brought their families with them 3. They were Protestant
    10. 10. Religion • Initially, every English colony had an established church that all were required to be a member of. • Later religious pluralism was allowed in the colonies. • In France and Spanish colonies, you HAD to be Roman Catholic
    11. 11. Education • English colonies viewed education as important because you needed to read Scripture, learn about God and understand His will. • The pastors often taught the kids. Later teachers were hired
    12. 12. • In Roman Catholic colonies there was less emphasis on education

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