Ch 7 sec 3

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  • Not a DEMOCRACY – rule by the people directly
  • Every 10 years a census is taken to determine the number of representatives from each state
  • 3/5 = 60%100 slaves = 60 people
  • National government has much more power than the Articles gave them
  • 3 delegates refused to sign because there was no bill of rights
  • The House wanted 16 amendments…congress agreed to 12 of them and released them to the states…only 10 were ratified
  • No other has lasted that longOnly 27 amendments (only 17 since the bill of rights)
  • Ch 7 sec 3

    1. 1. Essay: • The delegates at the Constitutional Convention were sworn to secrecy. The exact language of the secrecy rule was: “That nothing spoken in the house be printed, or otherwise published or communicated without leave.” Why do you think they enforced this rule? Give two reasons.
    2. 2. The Constitution
    3. 3. • Decided to scrap the Articles completely and start over • Created a REPUBLIC – Elected representatives govern the people
    4. 4. Compromises of the Constitution • • • • Called “a bundle of compromises” Disagreements between small and large states Disagreements between free and slave states Had to compromise in order to get all states to ratify the Constitution • Constitution- a document that describes how a government is to work and gives its basic laws.
    5. 5. • Virginia Plan – (Large State Plan) – Membership in both houses would be based on population • New Jersey Plan – (Small State Plan) – One house with equal number of representatives from each state
    6. 6. Great Compromise • Designed by Roger Sherman • Two part Congress 1. Senate – same number from each state 2. House of Representatives – based on population
    7. 7. Mark Pryor John Boozman
    8. 8. • Arkansas has 4 representatives • Texas has 32!!
    9. 9. Roger Sherman
    10. 10. Three- fifths Compromise • Do you count slaves as part of the population? • Decided to count slaves as 3/5 of a person.
    11. 11. Separation of Powers • This ensures that no one branch has too much power • The US government is divided into 3 branches – Legislative – Makes the laws – Judicial – Interpret the laws – Executive – enforces the laws
    12. 12. Checks and Balances • Keeps each of the three branches of government from going beyond its powers
    13. 13. Federal System of Government • The Constitution divides powers between the states and the national government.
    14. 14. Ratifying the Constitution • Delegates signed the Constitution on September 17, 1787 • Federalists wanted to ratify the Constitution • Anti-Federalists – worked against ratification • Nine states had to ratify the Constitution for it to be in effect. New Hampshire became the ninth in July 1788 • Americans wanted a Bill of Rights
    15. 15. Bill of Rights • First 10 Amendments to the Constitution
    16. 16. • • • • • Amendment 1 – Freedom of religion, speech Amendment 2 – Right to own guns Amendment 3 – no quartering of soldiers Amendment 4 – Search warrants Amendment 5 – due process
    17. 17. • Amendment 6 – speedy trial • Amendment 7 – trial by jury • Amendment 8 – bail, fines and punishment must fit the crime • Amendment 9 – you have more rights than are specifically listed in Bill of Rights • Amendment 10 – all powers not listed belong to the people or states
    18. 18. The _____ amendment of the Constitution says 1) Freedom of Speech and Religion 2) Militia and Arms 3) No quartered soldiers 4) No search and seizure 5) Right to D-U-E-P-R-O-C-E-S-S 6) Jury in Civil Court 7) Right to a Jury 8) No cruel punishments 9) Basic human rights 10)Unlisted powers for people and state
    19. 19. Remarkable Document • Constitution is over 220 years old • Why? 1. Acknowledges some Biblical principles 2. Americans exhibit patience with it 3. Flexibility to deal with changing times
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