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  • Many of the clergy and popes openly lived in great wealth and immorality
  • Ch 6 sec 1

    1. 1. Chapter 6The Renaissance
    2. 2. • Perspective• Relief sculpture• Humanities• Etiquette• Transubstantiation• Inquisition• Indulgences• Predestination
    3. 3. • Flood of information from Crusades and scholars led to a revival of learning
    4. 4. Changes by The Renaissance1. Tools2. Art3. Sculpture4. Architecture5. Learning6. Writing
    5. 5. Tools:• Johannes Gutenberg moveable type printing press – made literary works available to the public at a low cost
    6. 6. Art:• The Renaissance paintings differed from earlier paintings in three ways:1. People looked real (vs. flat prior to Renaissance)WHY? – Painters studied anatomy – Painted real people because realized they were important because we were creations of God
    7. 7. 2. Added dimension by shading
    8. 8. 3. Gave paintings depth by using perspective• Perspective: used to create an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface. Make something look 3-D
    9. 9. Famous Renaissance Artists• Leonardo da Vinci – Painted the Last Supper and the Mona Lisa
    10. 10. Last Supper
    11. 11. Mona Lisa
    12. 12. • Michelangelo – Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
    13. 13. Renaissance Sculpture• The statues are lifelike, powerful and stunning. They are very realistic• Relief sculpture – attached to a flat surface (like the wall of a cathedral or castle)
    14. 14. Renaissance Sculptors• Ghiberti – Sculpted the doors of the baptistery of Florence• Michelangelo – David
    15. 15. Renaissance Architecture• Rounded arches, columns, and domes were common• The Cathedral of Florence is a great example
    16. 16. • Built by Brunelleschi
    17. 17. Renaissance Learning• The humanities were taught – Humanities: Human interests and experiences – Examples are: Literature, philosophy, art, history, grammar and speech• The goal was to make the student a well- rounded person, educated and interested in many fields
    18. 18. Renaissance Writing• Italy – Patterned their work after the ancient Greeks and Romans
    19. 19. Italian Writers• Petrarch – Was known as the Father of Humanism – He spread the ideas of the Renaissance
    20. 20. • Castiglione – Wrote a famous book on etiquette – Etiquette: code of polite behavior – The Courtier
    21. 21. • Machiavelli – He taught that those who lived by the classical and biblical virtues would not be able to gain or keep power. – He represented trend of freeing people from religious tradition
    22. 22. Northern Europe Writers• Tended to emphasize religious issues
    23. 23. • Erasmus – First to print the Greek New Testament on the movable type press – Refused to leave the Church of Rome
    24. 24. • Sir Thomas Moore – Wrote Utopia – Story about an imaginary country based on Christian principles and the philosophy of Plato
    25. 25. Consequences of the Renaissance
    26. 26. POSITIVE1. Led to a return to the clear teachings of Scripture2. Renewed interest in the manuscripts and languages of the Old Testament3. Individual was emphasized4. Literature was more available and education became accessible to many more people
    27. 27. NEGATIVE1. Emphasis was on man rather than God – Weakened morals