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  • http://www.google.com/search?q=old+testament&hl=en&safe=active&client=safari&rls=en&prmd=imvnsb&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=ObhpUOWqGpGYqAGS9YHIDw&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAQ&biw=1277&bih=506#
  • Many of the clergy and popes openly lived in great wealth and immorality


  • 1. Chapter 6The Renaissance
  • 2. • Perspective• Relief sculpture• Humanities• Etiquette• Transubstantiation• Inquisition• Indulgences• Predestination
  • 3. • Flood of information from Crusades and scholars led to a revival of learning
  • 4. Changes by The Renaissance1. Tools2. Art3. Sculpture4. Architecture5. Learning6. Writing
  • 5. Tools:• Johannes Gutenberg moveable type printing press – made literary works available to the public at a low cost
  • 6. Art:• The Renaissance paintings differed from earlier paintings in three ways:1. People looked real (vs. flat prior to Renaissance)WHY? – Painters studied anatomy – Painted real people because realized they were important because we were creations of God
  • 7. 2. Added dimension by shading
  • 8. 3. Gave paintings depth by using perspective• Perspective: used to create an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface. Make something look 3-D
  • 9. Famous Renaissance Artists• Leonardo da Vinci – Painted the Last Supper and the Mona Lisa
  • 10. Last Supper
  • 11. Mona Lisa
  • 12. • Michelangelo – Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  • 13. Renaissance Sculpture• The statues are lifelike, powerful and stunning. They are very realistic• Relief sculpture – attached to a flat surface (like the wall of a cathedral or castle)
  • 14. Renaissance Sculptors• Ghiberti – Sculpted the doors of the baptistery of Florence• Michelangelo – David
  • 15. Renaissance Architecture• Rounded arches, columns, and domes were common• The Cathedral of Florence is a great example
  • 16. • Built by Brunelleschi
  • 17. Renaissance Learning• The humanities were taught – Humanities: Human interests and experiences – Examples are: Literature, philosophy, art, history, grammar and speech• The goal was to make the student a well- rounded person, educated and interested in many fields
  • 18. Renaissance Writing• Italy – Patterned their work after the ancient Greeks and Romans
  • 19. Italian Writers• Petrarch – Was known as the Father of Humanism – He spread the ideas of the Renaissance
  • 20. • Castiglione – Wrote a famous book on etiquette – Etiquette: code of polite behavior – The Courtier
  • 21. • Machiavelli – He taught that those who lived by the classical and biblical virtues would not be able to gain or keep power. – He represented trend of freeing people from religious tradition
  • 22. Northern Europe Writers• Tended to emphasize religious issues
  • 23. • Erasmus – First to print the Greek New Testament on the movable type press – Refused to leave the Church of Rome
  • 24. • Sir Thomas Moore – Wrote Utopia – Story about an imaginary country based on Christian principles and the philosophy of Plato
  • 25. Consequences of the Renaissance
  • 26. POSITIVE1. Led to a return to the clear teachings of Scripture2. Renewed interest in the manuscripts and languages of the Old Testament3. Individual was emphasized4. Literature was more available and education became accessible to many more people
  • 27. NEGATIVE1. Emphasis was on man rather than God – Weakened morals