Ch 4 sec 3


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • They needed a house that could be moved with them
  • Tribes often fought among themselves over grazing lands.Once the cooling climate occurred, they started looking in China for grazing lands
  • Born around 1162His father was killed when he was a boy and he had to flee for his life…he wandered for a while and then came back to his tribe to avenge his father’s deathBecame the supreme leader in 1206His real name was Temujin (TEM yuhjihn)
  • Placed great value on loyalty…The Great Yasa dealt with every area of life…notes in binder…law provided military rules, criminal punishments, tax regulations, court procedures, and moral standards…The punishment for many crimes was death…also included beatings and finesMongols were trained to be warriors at an early age
  • Horsemanship: could string his bow while riding and shoot his arrows when all the horse’s hooves were off the ground, this ensured his arrows would strike their target.All who resisted were killed or used for human shields in future battles…women and children were used as slavesMongols quickly overran northern China, then turned west to conquer all of Central Asia
  • Their normal way of fighting wouldn’t work for towns…they were surrounded by moats and thick stone walls…also fired gunpowder bamboo rockets into the towns…they were not accurate, but must have terrified the residents of the townThe Mongols were ruthless…they killed and destroyed where ever they went…the name Mongol struck fear in the hearts of their enemies…some chose to surrener rather than face destructionWomen and children were often used as slaves and the men were used to increase the size of their forces
  • Chinggis died and divided his territory between his four sons…they continued to invade
  • Every yurt had a small idol of felt…these idols protected their families and animals…before every meal they would spread food and drink on the lips of the idols…they also prayed to them…they believed that these idols had power to bless them
  • Witch doctors, medicine men
  • After nearly 1000 years, the west finally had direct contact with the cultures of the far east…When they closed it down, this began the Age of Exploration
  • He was cruel and punished Christians especailly
  • Ch 4 sec 3

    1. 1. Mongolian Empire
    2. 2. Mongols• Nomadic tribes that lived north of China• Needed land for their large herds of horses• Lived in yurts• Turn to page 68
    3. 3. yurt
    4. 4. Two things made the tribes combine and become a great empire1. The climate cooled and resulted in less food for their horses2. Birth of Chinggis Khan
    5. 5. Chinggis Khan
    6. 6. Chinggis Khan• Became the supreme ruler over all of the Mongol tribes• Chinggis Khan means “great ruler”
    7. 7. Chinggis Khan
    8. 8. How did he unify the Mongols?1. Divided the people into groups and chose trusted followers to lead these groups2. Wrote a law code called the Great Yasa3. Trained military
    9. 9. • Used the Mongols horsemanship skills to build a well-trained army• Also trained archers• They were ruthless and deadly
    10. 10. How did they attack towns?1. Siege warfare – The Mongols fired arrows into city for weeks and cut off all the food going into the city2. Pretend retreat – The Mongols would pretend to be defeated and appear to leave their camp. When the townsmen came out to plunder the camp, the Mongols would attack
    11. 11. Seige
    12. 12. Kublai Khan• One of Chinggis’s grandsons• He became ruler over all China and began the Yuan Dynasty• This was the first foreign dynasty in China
    13. 13. Kublai Khan
    14. 14. Kublain Khan tries to take Japan• Kublai Khan tries to take Japan twice1. He sent 30,000 men to invade, but a storm destroyed the fleet and Japanese pushed back the ones that did land2. He then sent 140,000 men to invade, but there was another storm. Japan gave credit to a kamikaze (divine wind) for protecting Japan
    15. 15. Mongols vs. Samarais
    16. 16. Batu Khan• Another grandson of Chinggis Khan• Led Mongol troops and defeated Russia, Hungary and Poland• His empire is known as the Golden Horde
    17. 17. Batu Khan
    18. 18. Buta Khan Empire
    19. 19. Battle of Liegnitz• During reign of Batu Kahn• Against the Poles, Czechs and Germans• Mongols won
    20. 20. Battle of Liegnitz
    21. 21. Religion in Mongol Empire• Polytheism – believed that good and evil spirits controlled the world• Believed in a supreme being, Tengri (the great god of heaven) who ruled the spirits
    22. 22. shamans• Believed certain men had power over the spirits
    23. 23. • Christianity spread as far as China• For a time the Mongols practiced religious tolerance, but it was short lived.
    24. 24. Islam• Islam spread throughout the Mongol empire and became dominant• Christians and Jews were persecuted• Read page 72
    25. 25. Trade in Mongol Empire• Mongols did not manufacture beyond what they needed (felt, harnesses, carts)• As the empire grew, trade also grew• Mongols gave up their nomadic ways and settled in towns. Their zeal for conquest faded• It didn’t last and the Mongols closed down trade with the East.
    26. 26. Mongol end in China• Mongols began fighting with one another again.• The Chinese were able to get rid of the Mongols• The Ming Dynasty was established
    27. 27. Tamerlane• Timur had an injured leg and was lame…so he was called Timer the Lane or Tamerlane• His empire reached from Turkey to India• More concerned with getting treasures rather than building a well-ruled empire• It collapsed shortly after his death
    28. 28. Tamerlane
    29. 29. Tamerlane’s tomb
    30. 30. Mughal Dynasty• The last Mongol empire• Akbar was one of the rulers of this dynasty• His empire extended over most of India• They were peaceful• Taj Mahal was built during this Dynasty
    31. 31. Akbar
    32. 32. Mungal Dynasty
    33. 33. Taj Mahal
    34. 34. Mongolia today