• Colonists had to depend on what would grow on their own land or somewhere nearby.
New England Colonies• Thin rocky cover of soil made farming difficult• They grew only enough to get by• Used fishing and whaling for profit• This led to American shipbuilding business
Middle Colonies• Farming was main activity• Known as the bread colonies because they grow so much grain• Exported livestock• Had many rivers that served as water highways to inland America which helped with the fur trade
Southern Colonies• Grew tobacco, rice and indigo (cash crops)• Few other industries grew because they invested in their land and slaves
Money crops• Tobacco – in demand in Europe• Rice – could control the tide water levels• Indigo – grew in the off season of rice and tobacco
• Slaves had skills from Africa on how to grow cash crops• Planters may not have succeeded with out their knowledge
Corn• The largest food crop in all the colonies