By 1760 60% of South Carolina’s population was slavesWhy did Europeans purchase so many Africans? They always bought more males than females. Males were more suited to heavy labor of the plantations.
Salve traders bought them from other Africans for liquor and various utensils and trinketsVery profitableSlavery in the bible…Israelites were permitted to own slaves, but required to set them free every 7 years unless the slave requested his position to become permanent
Farmers made up 90% of colonistsSubsistence farmers were the majority…raised just enough crops and livestock to provide for their family
Caught, salted and exported fish – especially codBy 1776 nearly 1/3 of british trading ships
Today a dollar is commonly called a buck, referring to the days when the skin of a buck was worth about a dollar
What money crops do America have today?
Read the things colonists used corn for p.42Serve johnny cakes
Africans• First Africans that came to America were in chains• Europeans brought 10-11 million slaves to the new world.
Why were slaves needed?• Cash crops (tobacco) were grown in the southern colonies• The greater the harvest = more money• Northerners used slaves for servants in upper class homes
Slave Trade• Some were taken in raids• Some were prisoners of war• Middle Passage – the middle part of the trade ship’s route around the Atlantic• Open book to page 37
• Colonists had to depend on what would grow on their own land or somewhere nearby.
New England Colonies• Thin rocky cover of soil made farming difficult• They grew only enough to get by• Used fishing and whaling for profit• This led to American shipbuilding business
Middle Colonies• Farming was main activity• Known as the bread colonies because they grow so much grain• Exported livestock• Had many rivers that served as water highways to inland America which helped with the fur trade
Southern Colonies• Grew tobacco, rice and indigo (cash crops)• Few other industries grew because they invested in their land and slaves
Money crops• Tobacco – in demand in Europe• Rice – could control the tide water levels• Indigo – grew in the off season of rice and tobacco
• Slaves had skills from Africa on how to grow cash crops• Planters may not have succeeded with out their knowledge
Corn• The largest food crop in all the colonies