Pacific Theater
1. Philippines
• The islands were an important US base
• US General there was Douglas MacArthur
• MacArthur was ordered to...
• People left behind ran low on supplies
• They surrendered to Japanese on April 9, 1942
Bataan Death March
• They were forced to march over 100 miles to
prison camp
• Death estimates range from 7,000 – 10,000
2. Doolittle raid
• Led by Jimmy Doolittle
• Aircraft carrier got to within 700 miles of
Japan
• 16 bombers dropped bombs ...
3. Battle of the Coral Sea
• First sea battle where all the fighting was done
by airplanes
• Stopped the Japanese advance ...
4. Midway Island
• The Japanese code had been cracked and the
Americans were ready
• Stopped the Japanese sea offensive
5. Iwo Jima
• Led by Admiral Chester Nimitz
• Important because it could be
an emergency stop for
Americans
6. Okinawa
• Last obstacle before reaching Japanese
mainland
• Kamikaze fighting – pilots who deliberately
tried to crash their planes into an enemy ship
Manhattan Project
• Try to make a uranium bomb before the
Germans did
• Set up a secret city near Knoxville, Tennessee
cal...
• FDR dies of a stroke and Harry Truman is new
president
• Thought it better to use the bomb than to
waste hundreds of tho...
Potsdam Declaration
• Major powers of the world met and
demanded that Japan surrender
unconditionally
• Japan refused
• On August 6, 1945 the bomber Enola Gay
bombed Hiroshima
• The US asked Japan to surrender
• They refused
• On August 9, 1945 the US dropped another
bomb on Nagasaki
• The next day Japan surrendered
• War “officially” ended onboard the US ship
Missouri where MacArthur met with two of
the emperor’s representatives
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  • FDR didn’t want to risk losing MacArthurAs MacArthur left, he promised the Filipinos, “I shall return.”Later in the war when he returns, says “I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil, soil consecrated by the blood of our two peoples.”
  • Disease and hunger
  • No food or water for days at a timeBeaten or killed for talking, resting, or helping others who had collapsed…fell behind, killed by a bayonet
  • Japan didn’t know where they had come from…the planes couldn’t return to the aircraft carrier, so landed in China, Russia and JapanSent two to Australia and the other 4 to the Pacific
  • Referred to target as AF…did a test and sent out a fake message that the water system on midway was out…later messages from Japan said the Americans were low on water on AF…now they knew where the attack would happen
  • 82 days…kamikazes 1,465 attacks, sinking 30 US ships and damaging 164 others…Japanese ordered civilians to commit suicide rather than surrender to the Americans…gave out hand grenades…12,000 Americans and 117,000 Japanese soldiers died
  • Americans didn’t expect much resistance after bombing for a week and then several hours of heavy gunfire…Japanese resisted until only 17 of the 4,500 Japanese were left.
  • Germans were close to finishing the atomic bomb…imagine what Hitler could have dome if he had gained the atomic bomb first…the Manhattan project only built 3 bombs…one practice and the two we dropped on Japan
  • “Let there be no mistake about it. I regarded the bomb as a military weapon and never had any doubt that it should be used.”
  • Nicknamed “little boy”Equal to 20,000 tons of dynamiteDestroyed the city and killed 80,000 civilians and another 80,000 suffered radiation burns
  • Nicknamed “fat man”Killed 40,000
  • Costliest war in history…15 million soldiers and 20 million civilians diedCost $300 billion
  • Ch 24 sec 4

    1. 1. Pacific Theater
    2. 2. 1. Philippines • The islands were an important US base • US General there was Douglas MacArthur • MacArthur was ordered to leave because it looked like the Japanese were going to win
    3. 3. • People left behind ran low on supplies • They surrendered to Japanese on April 9, 1942
    4. 4. Bataan Death March • They were forced to march over 100 miles to prison camp • Death estimates range from 7,000 – 10,000
    5. 5. 2. Doolittle raid • Led by Jimmy Doolittle • Aircraft carrier got to within 700 miles of Japan • 16 bombers dropped bombs over Tokyo • Caused Japan to split their force of aircraft carriers
    6. 6. 3. Battle of the Coral Sea • First sea battle where all the fighting was done by airplanes • Stopped the Japanese advance toward Australia
    7. 7. 4. Midway Island • The Japanese code had been cracked and the Americans were ready • Stopped the Japanese sea offensive
    8. 8. 5. Iwo Jima • Led by Admiral Chester Nimitz • Important because it could be an emergency stop for Americans
    9. 9. 6. Okinawa • Last obstacle before reaching Japanese mainland
    10. 10. • Kamikaze fighting – pilots who deliberately tried to crash their planes into an enemy ship
    11. 11. Manhattan Project • Try to make a uranium bomb before the Germans did • Set up a secret city near Knoxville, Tennessee called Oak Ridge • Trial bomb was set off in New Mexico on July 16, 1945
    12. 12. • FDR dies of a stroke and Harry Truman is new president • Thought it better to use the bomb than to waste hundreds of thousands of lives
    13. 13. Potsdam Declaration • Major powers of the world met and demanded that Japan surrender unconditionally • Japan refused
    14. 14. • On August 6, 1945 the bomber Enola Gay bombed Hiroshima • The US asked Japan to surrender • They refused
    15. 15. • On August 9, 1945 the US dropped another bomb on Nagasaki • The next day Japan surrendered
    16. 16. • War “officially” ended onboard the US ship Missouri where MacArthur met with two of the emperor’s representatives

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