• Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles and no
one did anything
– First: Austria
– Second: Sudentenland
• Hitler and Neville Chamberlain met in Munich,
Germany
• Introduced appeasement – give into Hitler’s
demands, war would b...
• Third: Czechoslovakia (by force)
• Fourth: Poland
• Signed a nonaggression pact with Joseph
Stalin (Soviet Union)
– They agreed not to attack each other as they
expanded th...
• On September 1, 1939, Hitler attacked Poland
• A new type of warfare – Blitzkrieg (lightning
war)
• Britain and France declared war on Germany
on September 3, 1939
• Fifth: Denmark and Norway
• Sixth: Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg
• Seventh: France
• Germans bypassed the Maginot line and
entered France
• Trapped the French near the port of Dunkirk
• German airforce was to finish them off
• Bad weather delayed them
• The British ferried them to safety across the
channel
• Mussolini (Italy) joins Germany in the war
• Now Britain stands alone against Germany
• British Royal Air Force (RAF) shot down many
German planes
• Battle of Berlin...
• Eighth: Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece
• Hitler decided to attack the Soviet Union
• He was afraid Russia would change sides and
help Britain
• Now had to fight ...
• Russians practiced a “scorched earth” policy
• Germans were 40 miles from Moscow in
October
• Hitler continued on during...
America
• America sold war materials to the Allies, but
they had to use cash and use their own ships
• Selective Service Act – draft to be ready in
case of war
• Land Lease Act – allowed the president FDR to
send equipment to any nation in return for
property, services or equipment
• Japan joined the Axis powers.
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  • He united Austria (German speaking land) with GermanySudentenland (3.5 million Germans lived there) deserved to be a part of the “Fatherland”Secretely ordered trooops to attack if he didn’t gain it peacefully…this was his last territorial claim that he would make (so he said)
  • Credit: Peace Conference, Munich, Septemebr 1838: Left to right: Neville Chamberlain (Britain) Edouard Daladier (France) Adolph Hitler (Germany) Benito Mussolini (Italy) and Count Ciano (Italy) / Universal History Archive/UIG / The Bridgeman Art Library
  • Hitler was afraid that Russia would protest him attacking Poland…fighting too much of Europe at one time was not smart.
  • Only took one monthUsed bombers, armored vehicles…Russia attacked from the east
  • Entered through Ardennes Forest
  • Had to leave almost all the weapons, vehicles and equipment behind
  • Small boats are towed down theThames to Dunkirk. These wereused to ferry troops from thebeach to larger ships offshore.
  • RAF prevented Britain from falling…had the attacks continued, the outcome might have been different…Hitler got impatient and he sought a different approach to victory
  • People shelter and sleep on the platform and on the train tracks, in Aldwych Underground Station, London, after sirens sounded to warn of German bombing raids, on October 8, 1940
  • Hundreds of people, many of whom have lost their homes through bombing, now use the caves in Hastings, a south-east English town as their nightly refuge. Special sections are reserved for games and recreation, and several people have "set up house", bringing their own furniture and sleeping on their own beds. Photo taken on December 12, 1940.
  • A German aircraft drops its load of bombs above England, during an attack on September 20, 1940.
  • These London schoolchildren are in the midst of an air raid drill ordered by the London Board of Education as a precaution in case an air raid comes too fast to give the youngsters a chance to leave the building for special shelters, on July 20, 1940. They were ordered to go to the middle of the room, away from windows, and hold their hands over the backs of their necks.
  • A formation of low-flying German Heinkel He 111 bombers flies over the waves of the English Channel in 1940
  • At first Russians welcomed the repreive from Stalin
  • Thought it would only take 8 weeksKilled livestock and crops that Hitler could have used to feed his armyHad killed more than 2 million russians
  • Russian men and women rescue their humble belongings from their burning homes, said to have been set on fire by the Russians, part of a scorched-earth policy, in a Leningrad suburb on October 21, 1941
  • German soldiers, supported by armored personnel carriers, move into a burning Russian village at an unknown location during the German invasion of the Soviet Union, on June 26, 1941.
  • German soldiers remove one of many Soviet national emblems during their drive to conquer Russia on July 18, 1941. (
  • A flood of Russian armored cars move toward the front, on October 19, 1941
  • This trainload of men was described by German sources as Soviet prisoners en route to Germany, on October 3, 1941. Several million Soviet soldiers were eventually sent to German prison camps, the majority of whom never returned alive.
  • America didn’t like the axis powers, but didn’t want to get involved in the war
  • 375,000 men were drafted and began training…had to use old or substitute equipment until new pieces were available
  • Got us 7 air bases throughout Britain in exchange for supplies
  • Ch 24 sec 2

    1. 1. • Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles and no one did anything – First: Austria – Second: Sudentenland
    2. 2. • Hitler and Neville Chamberlain met in Munich, Germany • Introduced appeasement – give into Hitler’s demands, war would be avoided • It didn’t work
    3. 3. • Third: Czechoslovakia (by force) • Fourth: Poland
    4. 4. • Signed a nonaggression pact with Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union) – They agreed not to attack each other as they expanded their empires
    5. 5. • On September 1, 1939, Hitler attacked Poland • A new type of warfare – Blitzkrieg (lightning war)
    6. 6. • Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939
    7. 7. • Fifth: Denmark and Norway • Sixth: Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg • Seventh: France
    8. 8. • Germans bypassed the Maginot line and entered France • Trapped the French near the port of Dunkirk
    9. 9. • German airforce was to finish them off • Bad weather delayed them • The British ferried them to safety across the channel
    10. 10. • Mussolini (Italy) joins Germany in the war
    11. 11. • Now Britain stands alone against Germany • British Royal Air Force (RAF) shot down many German planes • Battle of Berlin – bombing of Britain for one year
    12. 12. • Eighth: Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece
    13. 13. • Hitler decided to attack the Soviet Union • He was afraid Russia would change sides and help Britain • Now had to fight on two fronts
    14. 14. • Russians practiced a “scorched earth” policy • Germans were 40 miles from Moscow in October • Hitler continued on during the winter • Russia attacked on December 6 and Germans had to retreat
    15. 15. America • America sold war materials to the Allies, but they had to use cash and use their own ships
    16. 16. • Selective Service Act – draft to be ready in case of war
    17. 17. • Land Lease Act – allowed the president FDR to send equipment to any nation in return for property, services or equipment
    18. 18. • Japan joined the Axis powers.

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