He united Austria (German speaking land) with GermanySudentenland (3.5 million Germans lived there) deserved to be a part of the “Fatherland”Secretely ordered trooops to attack if he didn’t gain it peacefully…this was his last territorial claim that he would make (so he said)
Credit: Peace Conference, Munich, Septemebr 1838: Left to right: Neville Chamberlain (Britain) Edouard Daladier (France) Adolph Hitler (Germany) Benito Mussolini (Italy) and Count Ciano (Italy) / Universal History Archive/UIG / The Bridgeman Art Library
Hitler was afraid that Russia would protest him attacking Poland…fighting too much of Europe at one time was not smart.
Only took one monthUsed bombers, armored vehicles…Russia attacked from the east
Entered through Ardennes Forest
Had to leave almost all the weapons, vehicles and equipment behind
Small boats are towed down theThames to Dunkirk. These wereused to ferry troops from thebeach to larger ships offshore.
RAF prevented Britain from falling…had the attacks continued, the outcome might have been different…Hitler got impatient and he sought a different approach to victory
People shelter and sleep on the platform and on the train tracks, in Aldwych Underground Station, London, after sirens sounded to warn of German bombing raids, on October 8, 1940
Hundreds of people, many of whom have lost their homes through bombing, now use the caves in Hastings, a south-east English town as their nightly refuge. Special sections are reserved for games and recreation, and several people have "set up house", bringing their own furniture and sleeping on their own beds. Photo taken on December 12, 1940.
A German aircraft drops its load of bombs above England, during an attack on September 20, 1940.
These London schoolchildren are in the midst of an air raid drill ordered by the London Board of Education as a precaution in case an air raid comes too fast to give the youngsters a chance to leave the building for special shelters, on July 20, 1940. They were ordered to go to the middle of the room, away from windows, and hold their hands over the backs of their necks.
A formation of low-flying German Heinkel He 111 bombers flies over the waves of the English Channel in 1940
At first Russians welcomed the repreive from Stalin
Thought it would only take 8 weeksKilled livestock and crops that Hitler could have used to feed his armyHad killed more than 2 million russians
Russian men and women rescue their humble belongings from their burning homes, said to have been set on fire by the Russians, part of a scorched-earth policy, in a Leningrad suburb on October 21, 1941
German soldiers, supported by armored personnel carriers, move into a burning Russian village at an unknown location during the German invasion of the Soviet Union, on June 26, 1941.
German soldiers remove one of many Soviet national emblems during their drive to conquer Russia on July 18, 1941. (
A flood of Russian armored cars move toward the front, on October 19, 1941
This trainload of men was described by German sources as Soviet prisoners en route to Germany, on October 3, 1941. Several million Soviet soldiers were eventually sent to German prison camps, the majority of whom never returned alive.
America didn’t like the axis powers, but didn’t want to get involved in the war
375,000 men were drafted and began training…had to use old or substitute equipment until new pieces were available
Got us 7 air bases throughout Britain in exchange for supplies
Ch 24 sec 2
• Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles and no
one did anything
– First: Austria
– Second: Sudentenland
• Hitler and Neville Chamberlain met in Munich,
• Introduced appeasement – give into Hitler’s
demands, war would be avoided
• It didn’t work