Ch 24 sec 1


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  • Less than 25 years after end of WWINot everyone was pleased with the outcome of WWIMost countries did not get all they wanted from victory or lost too much in defeatLed to the rise of three strong countries: Italy, Japan and Germany
  • Switched to the allies, but did not get the lands it expected
  • Everything had to support and further the goals of the stateBuilt roads, provided houses and lands for the peasants and made other improvements…this kept him popularItalian said “He took many of their freedoms, but he made the trains run on time!”The original symbol of fascism, in Italy under Benito Mussolini, was the fasces. This is an ancient Roman symbol of power carried by lictors in front of magistrates; a bundle of sticks featuring an axe, indicating the power over life and death. Before the Italian fascists adopted the fasces, the symbol had been used by Italian political organizations of various political ideologies (ranging from socialist to nationalist), called Fascio ("leagues") as a symbol of strength through unity. Today, the symbol continues to appear on the seal of the United States Senate, the emblem on the back of the Mercury dime in the United States, the coat of arms of France, the wall of the debating chamber of the United States House of Representatives, the Lincoln Memorial, the coat of arms of the Swiss Canton of St.Gallen and the emblem of the Knights of Columbus.
  • Schools were dedicated to teaching young people their duty to the state
  • This failure only made Mussolini bolder
  • They were the most upset by the Treaty of VersaillesBlamed Jews for Germany’s problemsNational Socialist German Workers PartyHe planned to restore Germany to its rightful place in the world
  • Nazi salute
  • Near France…went against the Treaty
  • The league of nations was too weak to restrain villainous nations
  • Ch 24 sec 1

    1. 1. WWII
    2. 2. ITALY
    3. 3. Benito Mussolini • Seized power in Italy • Practiced Fascism – There was private ownership of property, but the government regulated it
    4. 4. • He created the “black shirts” that made sure his wishes were carried out
    5. 5. • Attacked Ethiopia in Africa • The League of Nations failed to punish Italy
    6. 6. JAPAN
    7. 7. • They believed that Japan deserved recognition as a world power • Believed that the US threatened their growth
    8. 8. • They attacked Manchuria in China • The League of Nations actions were ineffective
    9. 9. GERMANY
    10. 10. • Adolf Hitler preached against the unfairness of the treaty • He organized the Nazi party • He became the German chancellor and was given the powers of a dictator
    11. 11. NazN
    12. 12. • He sent troops into Rhineland • Also started training men and creating war materials
    13. 13. Axis Powers • Mussolini, Hitler and the Japanese warlords formed the Axis powers