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  • Nearly 60 countries participated in WWIIHitler attacked: Austria, Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Denmark & Norway, Belgium/Netherlands/Luxembourg, France, Bulgaria/Yugoslavia/Greece, Russia
  • Small boats are towed down theThames to Dunkirk. These wereused to ferry troops from thebeach to larger ships offshore.
  • Hope to kill civilians and destroy British morale
  • People shelter and sleep on the platform and on the train tracks, in Aldwych Underground Station, London, after sirens sounded to warn of German bombing raids, on October 8, 1940
  • Hundreds of people, many of whom have lost their homes through bombing, now use the caves in Hastings, a south-east English town as their nightly refuge. Special sections are reserved for games and recreation, and several people have "set up house", bringing their own furniture and sleeping on their own beds. Photo taken on December 12, 1940.
  • A German aircraft drops its load of bombs above England, during an attack on September 20, 1940.
  • These London schoolchildren are in the midst of an air raid drill ordered by the London Board of Education as a precaution in case an air raid comes too fast to give the youngsters a chance to leave the building for special shelters, on July 20, 1940. They were ordered to go to the middle of the room, away from windows, and hold their hands over the backs of their necks.
  • A formation of low-flying German Heinkel He 111 bombers flies over the waves of the English Channel in 1940
  • Oil…wanted to attack them before they attacked himScorched earth policy Temperatures 40 below zeroMost german equipment could not work in such weather
  • Russian men and women rescue their humble belongings from their burning homes, said to have been set on fire by the Russians, part of a scorched-earth policy, in a Leningrad suburb on October 21, 1941
  • German soldiers, supported by armored personnel carriers, move into a burning Russian village at an unknown location during the German invasion of the Soviet Union, on June 26, 1941.
  • German soldiers remove one of many Soviet national emblems during their drive to conquer Russia on July 18, 1941. (
  • A flood of Russian armored cars move toward the front, on October 19, 1941
  • This trainload of men was described by German sources as Soviet prisoners en route to Germany, on October 3, 1941. Several million Soviet soldiers were eventually sent to German prison camps, the majority of whom never returned alive.
  • The remaining soldiers were treated with great brutality and hundreds diedMacArthur returned later and Americans retook the islands…
  • Italy has signed an unconditional armistice with the Allies, General Dwight D Eisenhower has announced.
  • Churchill, Roosevelt and StalinWithin 3 weeks, 1 million allied soldiers, 500,000 tons of supplies and nearly 200,000 vehicles had landed in FranceBritish – 2700, Canadians 946, US 6603…Axis 9,000
  • U.S. soldiers approach Omaha Beach, their weapons wrapped in plastic to keep them dry, June 1944
  • Aerial view of part of the Allied force off the coast of France, on D-Day, 1944
  • Allied soldiers, vehicles and equipment swarm onto the French shore during the Normandy landings, June 1944.
  • Germany and Italy had both surrendered…British, French and American forces pushed German forces out of one country after another
  • Either surrender or suffer terrible consequencesHiroshima – killed 70,000 and 70,000 injuredNagasaki – killed 40,000 and 40,000 injured
  • Undated handout photo courtesy of the U.S. National Archives shows the aftermath of the atomic bomb which was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9,1945. A Roman Catholic cathedral can be seen on the hill in the background
  • 1945 Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and NagasakiThe ground crew of the B-29 "Enola Gay" which atom-bombed Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945 poses for a photo with the aircraft at their base in Tinian, Mariana Islands in this undated U.S. Air Force handout image. Colonel Paul Tibbets, the pilot, stands in the center
  • Transcript

    • 1. European Theater
    • 2. Dunkirk • Germany attacked France and cornered them at Dunkirk • German airforce (Luftwaffe) was to come and wipe them out • Weather was bad • British came to the rescue and ferried them across the English Chanel
    • 3. Bombing of Britain • Germany began bombing to prepare for a land invasion • The RAF (Royal Air Force) destroyed German bombers • Every day for 113 days • Hitler grew impatient and abandoned the plan
    • 4. Russia • Hitler wanted to take advantage of Russia’s natural resources • Russians used a “scorched earth policy” – Russians destroyed everything that could be used by the Nazis.
    • 5. Pacific Theater
    • 6. Philippines • Japanese attacked a number of islands in the Pacific including the Philippines • President Roosevelt ordered Douglas MacArthur to leave to avoid capture
    • 7. Douglas MacArthur
    • 8. Midway Island • Americans had an important naval base on this island • Americans were outnumbered, but the Americans attacked and forced the Japanese to retreat
    • 9. Turning Points in the War
    • 10. 1. Germany invading Russia • Resulted in Germany fighting a two-front war
    • 11. 2. Japan attacked the United States • The US declared war on Japan, and then Germany and Italy declared war on the US
    • 12. 3. Italy surrendered • Dwight D. Eisenhower, the US General, led troops into Sicily and forced the Italian government to surrender
    • 13. 4. D-Day • Allied leaders had to decide where to attack • Decided on France • June 6, 1944
    • 14. 5. Germany surrendered • Germany tried one last time to break through the Allied forces at the Battle of the Bulge • V-E Day was May 8, 1945 • Victory in Europe Day
    • 15. 6. Dropping of the atomic bomb • Harry Truman ordered Japan to surrender • They refused • Dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 • Japan refused to surrender • Dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 • Japan surrendered
    • 16. • War was officially over on September 2, 1945

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