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  • Literally blockaded himself in his office
  • Only made a profit 2 out of 25 years

Ch 16 sec 3 Ch 16 sec 3 Presentation Transcript

  • Radical Reconstruction
  • Tenure of Office Act • Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act • It forbade the president from dismissing cabinet members without the consent of the Senate • The radicals were trying to protect Secretary of War Edwin Stanton • Johnson dismisses him anyway!
  • Edwin Stanton
  • • The House of Representatives impeach Johnson and it went to the Senate for trial • Needed a 2/3 vote to remove Johnson • They were 1 vote short
  • Reconstruction Amendments • 13th Amendment: Abolition of Slavery
  • • 14th Amendment: guarantee of citizen rights
  • • 15th Amendment: Guarantee of voting rights
  • Military Reconstruction Act • Imposed military occupation on the South • Tennessee was exempt
  • Each state had to: 1. Write a new constitution (where everyone got to vote) 2. Pass the 14th amendment
  • • When they did that, the army would be removed.
  • Freedman’s Bureau • Developed to aid the blacks with food, clothing and schools • Also worked to counteract the Black Codes passed in the South
  • Freedman’s Union Industrial School
  • Radical Republicans in the South • Carpetbaggers: northern radicals who moved to the South
  • • Scalawags: Southern radicals
  • • How did the radical republicans stay in office in the South? • Confederates were denied the right to vote (called disfranchisement)
  • Sharecropping Sharecroppers farmed small plots of land owned by planters and paid their annual rent for the use of the land with part of the crop they grew.
  • Ku Klux Klan • Designed to keep blacks from exercising their newly gained political rights • Ku Klux Klan act of 1871 – aim by Congress to curb the power of the Klan