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Manifest Destiny
Popular sovereignty
Wage slaves
Abolitionist
Manifest Destiny
• Manifest Destiny – the expansion of America
from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
What do we do about slavery in the
new territories?
• Currently the count was 12 free and 12 slave
Wilmot Proviso
• Proposed by David Wilmot
• Ban slavery from all territory gained from
Mexico
• It was not approved
David Wilmot
• California was ready to admit to the US as a
FREE state
• Southerners were outraged!
Compromise of 1850
• Proposed by Henry Clay
1. California would be admitted as a free state
2. The remainder of the areas ...
Fugitive Slave Law
• All runaway slaves were to be returned to
their owners with the help of the government
Ready
for
War
Differences between the North and South
• The South was agricultural
– Grew cash crops, mainly cotton
Slaveholders in the South, 1860

1-4 slaves
5-19 slaves
20-49 slaves
50-99 slaves
100-499 slaves
500+ slaves
• Only 1% of the Southern population ruled
politically, economically and socially
• Southerners believed that slavery was ...
• The North was Industrial
– Most immigrants lived in the North and worked in
these factories
“wage slaves”–
What southern...
The South
• Felt states’ rights were more important than
federal government
• Opposed a high tariff because they had littl...
The North
• Believed in a strong central government
• Favored a high tariff
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Ch 14 sec 1
Ch 14 sec 1
Ch 14 sec 1
Ch 14 sec 1
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  • The North viewed the South as unjust and the South viewed the North as greedy…each viewed the other as uncultured. Both sides became willing to pay a very high price to expand their own way of life.
  • Owners of small farms and other southerners without slaves made up ¾ of the white population
  • Wage slaves – working and living conditions of some Northern workers was so poor that Southerners called them wage slaves
  • Southerners felt that they were being forced to pay a tariff that supported Northern industry.
  • Ch 14 sec 1

    1. 1. • • • • Manifest Destiny Popular sovereignty Wage slaves Abolitionist
    2. 2. Manifest Destiny • Manifest Destiny – the expansion of America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
    3. 3. What do we do about slavery in the new territories? • Currently the count was 12 free and 12 slave
    4. 4. Wilmot Proviso • Proposed by David Wilmot • Ban slavery from all territory gained from Mexico • It was not approved
    5. 5. David Wilmot
    6. 6. • California was ready to admit to the US as a FREE state • Southerners were outraged!
    7. 7. Compromise of 1850 • Proposed by Henry Clay 1. California would be admitted as a free state 2. The remainder of the areas could decide for themselves if they wanted slavery by popular sovereignty (a vote) 3. Strict Fugitive Slave Law was passed
    8. 8. Fugitive Slave Law • All runaway slaves were to be returned to their owners with the help of the government
    9. 9. Ready for War
    10. 10. Differences between the North and South • The South was agricultural – Grew cash crops, mainly cotton
    11. 11. Slaveholders in the South, 1860 1-4 slaves 5-19 slaves 20-49 slaves 50-99 slaves 100-499 slaves 500+ slaves
    12. 12. • Only 1% of the Southern population ruled politically, economically and socially • Southerners believed that slavery was vital to a stable society • Believed that blacks did not have the intelligence or ability to participate alongside whites in society
    13. 13. • The North was Industrial – Most immigrants lived in the North and worked in these factories “wage slaves”– What southerners called these factory workers because of their poor working and living conditions
    14. 14. The South • Felt states’ rights were more important than federal government • Opposed a high tariff because they had little industry
    15. 15. The North • Believed in a strong central government • Favored a high tariff

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