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  • The North viewed the South as unjust and the South viewed the North as greedy…each viewed the other as uncultured. Both sides became willing to pay a very high price to expand their own way of life.
  • Owners of small farms and other southerners without slaves made up ¾ of the white population
  • Wage slaves – working and living conditions of some Northern workers was so poor that Southerners called them wage slaves
  • Southerners felt that they were being forced to pay a tariff that supported Northern industry.

Ch 14 sec 1 Ch 14 sec 1 Presentation Transcript

  • • • • • Manifest Destiny Popular sovereignty Wage slaves Abolitionist
  • Manifest Destiny • Manifest Destiny – the expansion of America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
  • What do we do about slavery in the new territories? • Currently the count was 12 free and 12 slave
  • Wilmot Proviso • Proposed by David Wilmot • Ban slavery from all territory gained from Mexico • It was not approved
  • David Wilmot
  • • California was ready to admit to the US as a FREE state • Southerners were outraged!
  • Compromise of 1850 • Proposed by Henry Clay 1. California would be admitted as a free state 2. The remainder of the areas could decide for themselves if they wanted slavery by popular sovereignty (a vote) 3. Strict Fugitive Slave Law was passed
  • Fugitive Slave Law • All runaway slaves were to be returned to their owners with the help of the government
  • Ready for War
  • Differences between the North and South • The South was agricultural – Grew cash crops, mainly cotton
  • Slaveholders in the South, 1860 1-4 slaves 5-19 slaves 20-49 slaves 50-99 slaves 100-499 slaves 500+ slaves
  • • Only 1% of the Southern population ruled politically, economically and socially • Southerners believed that slavery was vital to a stable society • Believed that blacks did not have the intelligence or ability to participate alongside whites in society
  • • The North was Industrial – Most immigrants lived in the North and worked in these factories “wage slaves”– What southerners called these factory workers because of their poor working and living conditions
  • The South • Felt states’ rights were more important than federal government • Opposed a high tariff because they had little industry
  • The North • Believed in a strong central government • Favored a high tariff