Uniting Germany
• Zollverein –
economic union
formed to enhance
trade between the
German states
• King Wilhelm I appointed Count Otto von
Bismarck as the chancellor of Prussia
King Wilhelm I
Count Otto von Bismarck
• Bismarck worked to unify Germany through
wars with and against Austria
• Leopold (from the Hohenzollern family) was
asked to be king of Spain, but France felt
threatened by this.
• French deman...
Leopold von Hohenzollern
• Prussian king refused and sent report to
Bismarck.
• Bismarck changed the wording on the report
and published it.
• War ...
Uniting Italy
• Giuseppe Mazzini formed
a group called Young Italy
to work to unify Italy
• Count Camillo de Cavour was the prime
minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia
• Sent troops to support Britain and France in
wars against Russia
• Really just symbolic, but used this later for
leverag...
• Giuseppi Garibaldi formed an army known as
the “Red Shirts” and conquered the island of
Sicily.
Giuseppi Garibaldi
• Cavour convinced Garibaldi to turn his
conquered territory over to Victor Emmanuel
II, the King of Sardinia
• They formed the kingdom of Italy and named
Victor Emmanuel II as the first king.
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  • Prior to this, trade was limited between German territoriesIt reduced the cost of selling goods and greatly increased the volume of trade among the member states.
  • Bismarck became the driving force behind political unification of the German states. He used diplomacy, propaganda, and military might to unite the Germans
  • Prussia and Austria went to war against Denmark…Danes lost and area of Schleswig went to Prussia and Holstein went to AustriaThen tricked Austria to go to war against Prussia…lasted 7 weeks and Austria was smashed…Austria ssurrendered Holstein to Prussia
  • Leopold declined the offer, but this wasn’t good enough.
  • Sent the report to BismarkBismarck had accomplished his goal!
  • Used whatever means necessary to gain unification
  • Ch 12 sec 4

    1. 1. Uniting Germany • Zollverein – economic union formed to enhance trade between the German states
    2. 2. • King Wilhelm I appointed Count Otto von Bismarck as the chancellor of Prussia
    3. 3. King Wilhelm I
    4. 4. Count Otto von Bismarck
    5. 5. • Bismarck worked to unify Germany through wars with and against Austria
    6. 6. • Leopold (from the Hohenzollern family) was asked to be king of Spain, but France felt threatened by this. • French demanded that the Prussian king make a promise that no member of the Hohenzollern family would ever rule Spain.
    7. 7. Leopold von Hohenzollern
    8. 8. • Prussian king refused and sent report to Bismarck. • Bismarck changed the wording on the report and published it. • War was declared! • The German states sided with Prussia against France. • German unification had been accomplished
    9. 9. Uniting Italy • Giuseppe Mazzini formed a group called Young Italy to work to unify Italy
    10. 10. • Count Camillo de Cavour was the prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia
    11. 11. • Sent troops to support Britain and France in wars against Russia • Really just symbolic, but used this later for leverage
    12. 12. • Giuseppi Garibaldi formed an army known as the “Red Shirts” and conquered the island of Sicily.
    13. 13. Giuseppi Garibaldi
    14. 14. • Cavour convinced Garibaldi to turn his conquered territory over to Victor Emmanuel II, the King of Sardinia
    15. 15. • They formed the kingdom of Italy and named Victor Emmanuel II as the first king.

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